About this site

Website owner

This website is owned and provided by the New Zealand Parliamentary Counsel Office/Te Tari Tohutohu Pāremata (PCO), which is responsible for drafting and publishing most of New Zealand's legislation.

Linking to this website

The Parliamentary Counsel Office welcomes and encourages linking to this website. Links can be made freely and without seeking permission. Please copy and paste the following code into your HTML:

<a href="http://www.legislation.govt.nz">New Zealand Legislation website</a>

To link to an individual item of legislation, see How to link to the New Zealand Legislation website.

Note that, while links to Acts, to Legislative Instruments, and to Other Instruments information pages are stable, each new version of a Bill will have a new URL.


Go to the List of Access Keys.

The New Zealand Legislation website is designed to comply with the New Zealand Government Web Accessibility and Usability Standards, allowing the content to be usable by all, irrespective of physical or technological impediments.

Some items of legislation are large, particularly the View whole or PDF versions, and may be slow to download.

The final form and content of legislation is a matter for Parliament or, in the case of Legislative Instruments, the person or body responsible for making the Legislative Instruments. There are therefore some instances where the Parliamentary Counsel Office is unable to publish legislation (including Bills and Supplementary Order Papers) in a form that fully complies with the Standards.

Alternative text (or alt text) for images, and table summaries are added routinely to legislation when it is first published, or when it is reprinted. However, this information may not be provided for legislation that was published or most recently reprinted before 11 April 2015.

Alt text is a brief summary provided for graphics within HTML documents. Table summaries describe the structure of a table. Both are intended for screen reading technology and are invisible to the general website user. Neither form part of the legislation, they have no legal effect, and are provided for information only.

If you come across any accessibility issues, please Contact us.


There is no copyright in New Zealand Acts, Bills, or Legislative Instruments (see section 27 of the Copyright Act 1994). There may be copyright in certain types of Other Instruments linked to from this website—check with the document's publisher. All Acts, Bills, Supplementary Order Papers, and Legislative Instruments featured on this website may be reproduced free of charge in any format or media without requiring specific permission.

Everything else on this website is subject to Crown copyright protection unless otherwise indicated. The Crown copyright protected material may be reproduced free of charge in any format or media without requiring specific permission. This is subject to the material being reproduced accurately and not being used in a misleading context. Where the material is being published or issued to others, the source and copyright status must be acknowledged.

If you have any questions regarding copyright on material on this website, please Contact us.


This privacy notice applies to personal and other information collected on the New Zealand Legislation website, www.legislation.govt.nz.

You may search, browse, and access information contained within this website without providing any personal information.

This website uses cookies. Cookies are small files sent by a website that are stored on your computer's hard drive. We do not use cookies to store or gather any personal data.

Every time you perform a search on this website, a cookie stores information about the search for 13 days, and is then automatically deleted. These cookies are used to generate the information provided under My recent searches.

When you perform a Quick search or Advanced search, a cookie stores information about your selections and the display of results so that they can be preserved until you change them. This cookie is automatically deleted when you close your browser.

When you create a custom web feed or tag sections or clauses, cookies store information for up to 13 days and are then automatically deleted.

If you prefer not to use cookies, you can still use this website but without My recent searches, and without Quick search retaining your selections; you will not be able to create custom web feeds (though you can still subscribe to ready-made feeds) or tag sections or clauses. Check the Help instructions in your web browser to find out how to disable cookies.

Where you voluntarily provide personal information (eg when contacting us), we will only use that information to communicate with you, and for statistical purposes. We will keep personal information secure and will not disclose it to third parties. If you ask us a question that is more appropriately answered by another agency, we will not forward your query on to them; instead, we will give you the other agency's contact details.

We collect statistical information from feedback and from other enquiries from the public. This information does not identify individuals, and will not be published in a form where individuals can be identified.

We also collect statistical information about your visit to the website to help us analyse usage of, and improve, the website. This information includes your IP address. This information is aggregated and is not used to identify any individuals.

You have the right to access any personal information held by us. To do this, or if you have concerns about personal information, please Contact us.


This website provides official and unofficial legislation. Official legislation displays the New Zealand Coat of Arms on the front page. PDFs without the New Zealand Coat of Arms, and HTML versions that do not display the New Zealand Coat of Arms at the top of their View whole versions, are not official. If legislation is not official it should not be relied on as the authoritative text.

See Status of legislation on this website: what is official for more information.

Website aids provided within legislation, such as links between and within legislation, alt text (brief summaries provided for graphics within HTML documents, intended for screen reading technology), and table summaries (which describe the structure of the table, intended for screen reading technology), do not form part of the legislation, have no legal effect, and are provided for information only and should not be relied upon as authoritative.

Although the Parliamentary Counsel Office endeavours to create particular links within and between legislation on the website, it will not always be possible to do so.

Note that in the case of Other Instruments, only links to the websites on which they are located are provided on this website, rather than the Other Instruments themselves. The Parliamentary Counsel Office relies on information received from agencies responsible for administering Other Instruments. Because of this, the Parliamentary Counsel Office does not assume responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of the links provided. For advice about particular Other Instruments, contact the agency responsible for administering them.

Supplementary material on this website is intended to provide general information to the public, and every effort has been made to ensure that the material is accurate and up to date. However, the Parliamentary Counsel Office may change, delete, add to, or otherwise amend information contained on this website at any time.

This website links to the Parliamentary Counsel Office corporate website, which the Parliamentary Counsel Office is responsible for, and to the Disclosure statements website, which the Parliamentary Counsel Office shares joint responsibility for with the Treasury. The Parliamentary Counsel Office is not responsible for the content or reliability of other websites linked to from this website and does not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them. Linking is not to be taken as endorsement of any kind. We cannot guarantee that these links will work all of the time and we have no control over availability of the linked pages.