Prize Courts Act 1894

Imperial Act
Date of assent17 August 1894


Source: New Zealand Parliamentary Library, International Documents Collection

An Act to make further provision for the establishment of Prize Courts, and for other purposes connected therewith.

BE it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:

1 Short title
  • This Act may be cited as the Prize Courts Act 1894.

2 Constitution of prize courts in British possessions
  • (1) Any commission, warrant, or instructions from Her Majesty the Queen or the Admiralty for the purpose of commissioning or regulating the procedure of a prize court at any place in a British possession may, notwithstanding the existence of peace, be issued at any time, with a direction that the court shall act only upon such proclamation as herein-after mentioned being made in the possession.

    (2) Where any such commission, warrant, or instructions have been issued, then, subject to instructions from Her Majesty, the Vice-Admiral of such possession may, when satisfied by information from a Secretary of State or otherwise, that war has broken out between Her Majesty and any foreign State, proclaim that war has so broken out, and thereupon the said commission, warrant, and instructions shall take effect as if the same had been issued after the breaking out of such war and such foreign State were named therein.

    (3) The said commission and warrant may authorise either a Vice-Admiralty Court or a Colonial Court of Admiralty, within the meaning of the Colonial Courts of Admiralty Act 1890, to act as a prize court, and may establish a Vice-Admiralty Court for that purpose.

    (4) Any such commission, warrant, or instructions may be revoked or altered from time to time.

    (5) A court duly authorised to act as a prize court during any war shall after the conclusion of the war continue so to act in relation to, and finally dispose of, all matters and things which arose during the war, including all penalties and forfeitures incurred during the war.

3 Rules of court for and fees in prize courts.
  • (1) Her Majesty the Queen in Council may make rules of court for regulating, subject to the provisions of the Naval Prize Act 1864, and this Act, the procedure and practice of prize courts within the meaning of that Act, and the duties and conduct of the officers thereof, and of the practitioners therein, and for regulating the fees to be taken by the officers of the courts, and the costs, charges, and expenses to be allowed to the practitioners therein.

    (2) Every rule so made shall, whenever made, take effect at the time therein mentioned, and shall be laid before both Houses of Parliament, and shall be kept exhibited in a conspicuous place in each court to which it relates.

    (3) This section shall be substituted for section thirteen of the Naval Prize Act 1864, which section is hereby repealed.

    (4) If any Colonial Court of Admiralty within the meaning of the Colonial Courts of Admiralty Act 1890, is authorised under this Act or otherwise to act as a prize court, all fees arising in respect of prize business transacted in the court shall be fixed, collected, and applied in like manner as the fees arising in respect of the Admiralty business of the court under the said Act.

4 As to Vice-Admiralty Courts
  • Her Majesty the Queen in Council may make rules of court for regulating the procedure and practice, including fees and costs, in a Vice-Admiralty Court, whether under this Act or otherwise.

5 Repeal of 39 & 40 Geo 3, c 79
  • Section twenty-five of the Government of India Act 1800, is hereby repealed.