Maori Purposes Act 1936

  • Previous title has changed

Reprint
as at 1 July 2003

Coat of Arms of New Zealand

Maori Purposes Act 1936

Public Act1936 No 56
Date of assent31 October 1936
Commencement31 October 1936
  • Act name: amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 9(1)(b) of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).


Note

Changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in this reprint.

A general outline of these changes is set out in the notes at the end of this reprint, together with other explanatory material about this reprint.

This Act is administered by Te Puni Kōkiri.


An Act to amend the laws relating to Maori and Maori land, to adjust certain claims and disputes in relation to Maori land, to confer jurisdiction upon the Maori Land Court and the Maori Appellate Court, and for other purposes

  • Title: amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

  • Title: amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 9(2)(a) of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

1 Short Title
  • This Act may be cited as the Maori Purposes Act 1936.

    Section 1: amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 9(1)(b) of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

2 Provisions of Maori Land Act 1931 to apply to this Act
  • Words and expressions used in this Act shall, unless the contrary intention appears, have the same meaning as in the Maori Land Act 1931 (hereinafter referred to as the principal Act), and the provisions of the principal Act, so far as applicable, shall extend and apply to the cases provided for by this Act in as full and ample a manner as if this Act had been incorporated with and formed part of the principal Act.

    Section 2 heading: amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 4(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 2: amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 4(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

Waikato-Maniapoto District

3 Amending section 11 of the Maori Purposes Act 1933
  • Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

    Section 3 heading: amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 9(1)(b) of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

Aotea District

[Repealed]

  • Heading: repealed, on 25 October 1956, pursuant to section 6(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1956 (1956 No 43).

4 Enabling the Bank of New Zealand to acquire certain lands notwithstanding Part 13 of the Land Act 1924 and Part 12 of the Maori Land Act 1931
  • [Repealed]

    Section 4: repealed, on 25 October 1956, by section 6(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1956 (1956 No 43).

5 Authorising inquiry as to ownership of Waioture Reserve
  • [Repealed]

    Section 5: repealed, on 25 October 1956, by section 6(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1956 (1956 No 43).

Tokerau District

[Repealed]

  • Heading: repealed, on 25 October 1956, pursuant to section 6(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1956 (1956 No 43).

6 Authorising inquiry into ownership of Lot 44, Parish of Kopuru
  • [Repealed]

    Section 6: repealed, on 25 October 1956, by section 6(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1956 (1956 No 43).

Waiariki District

7 Revesting Whaiti-Kuranui 2D school site in Maori
  • Whereas the land hereinafter described was vested in the Crown for the purpose of a Maori school and is no longer required for that purpose:

    Be it therefore enacted as follows:

    (1) The land situate in the Waiariki Maori Land Court District, and known as Whaiti-Kuranui No 2D school site, containing 3 acres, more or less, being the land more particularly delineated on plan numbered 5156D, red, deposited in the office of the Chief Surveyor at Auckland, shall, as from the commencement of this Act, cease to be Crown land and shall thereafter be and be deemed to be Maori land within the meaning of the principal Act.

    (2) The court is hereby authorised to inquire and determine in whom the said land ought to become vested, and the court may make an order either—

    • (a) vesting the said land or any part thereof in the person found entitled for an estate of freehold in fee simple, and in the case of more than 1 person being found entitled then as tenants in common in the relative proportions defined by the court; or

    • (b) setting apart the said land or any part thereof for some purpose for the benefit of Maori, and vesting the same in 1 or more persons on trust to hold and administer the same for the purpose aforesaid, and the District Land Registrar is hereby authorised to issue without payment of any fee a certificate of title in favour of the said persons.

    (3) The court may ascertain the ownership of the said land as if the title had not been previously investigated, and shall not be bound or restricted by any former order of the court made in respect of that land.

    (4) The provisions of the Public Reserves, Domains, and National Parks Act 1928 shall not apply to the said land.

    Section 7 heading: amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 7: amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 7(1): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 7(1): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 9(2)(a) of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 7(2)(b): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

South Island District

[Repealed]

  • Heading: repealed, on 25 October 1956, pursuant to section 6(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1956 (1956 No 43).

8 Authorising inquiry as to certain interests in the Nelson Tenths
  • [Repealed]

    Section 8: repealed, on 25 October 1956, by section 6(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1956 (1956 No 43).

Wakapuaka Block

[Repealed]

  • Heading: repealed, on 25 October 1956, pursuant to section 6(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1956 (1956 No 43).

9 Authorising reinvestigation of title to the Wakapuaka Block
  • [Repealed]

    Section 9: repealed, on 25 October 1956, by section 6(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1956 (1956 No 43).

Ikaroa District

10 Providing for control and administration of Raukawa Marae
  • Whereas the Maori owners (or their successors) of the lands mentioned in subsection (1) are desirous of setting them apart for the common use of the members of the Ngati-Raukawa and associated Maori tribes:

    Be it therefore enacted as follows:

    (1) The lands affected by this section and herein referred to as the said lands are Sections 166 and 168 of the Town of Otaki, and such portions of Sections 167 and 169 of the said Town of Otaki to be defined by partition or other orders of the Maori Land Court.

    (2) The said lands (herein referred to as the Raukawa Marae) shall as from the commencement of this Act become vested for an estate of freehold in fee simple in the persons mentioned in Schedule 3 (who, together with the trustees for the time being, are herein referred to as the said trustees), upon trust to hold and administer the said lands for the common use of the members of the Ngati-Raukawa and associate tribes for the purpose of a meeting place and meeting house site.

    (3) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 130 of the Land Transfer Act 1915, the District Land Registrar is hereby authorised to issue 1 or more certificates of title for the said lands in favour of the said trustees, freed and discharged from all right, title, or interest of the present owners and their successors and of the Ikaroa District Maori Land Board, provided that the certificate of the Registrar of the Maori Land Court, sealed with the seal of the court, shall be sufficient evidence to the District Land Registrar and all courts and persons as to the portions of the said lands which consist of Sections 167 and 169 of the Town of Otaki.

    (4) It shall be in the power of the said trustees, under the name of the Raukawa Marae Trustees, to acquire by purchase, lease, or gift any land adjoining or adjacent to the said lands for the purpose of enlarging or improving the said Raukawa Marae, and to be held upon the same trusts.

    (5) The said lands, together with any further land acquired under subsection (4), shall be exempt from rating under the Local Government (Rating) Act 2002.

    (6) 

    • (a) Any contract which must be in writing signed by or on behalf of the party to be charged therewith must in order to charge the trustees be in writing signed by at least 3 trustees authorised by resolution of the said trustees.

    • (b) Any contract which may be made verbally without writing may be made in like manner by some one authorised on their behalf by resolution of the said trustees.

    (7) 

    • (a) All questions coming before the said trustees shall be decided by resolution at a meeting of the said trustees at which a quorum is present by a majority of the votes of the said trustees then present thereat.

    • (b) A quorum shall consist of not less than 15 trustees or all the trustees where there are less than 16 trustees in office.

    • (c) The said trustees shall cause minutes of every meeting and the proceedings thereat to be duly entered in a book provided for the purpose, and a copy of the minutes or of any resolution of the said trustees, signed by at least 2 of the said trustees, shall be received in all courts and by persons acting judicially and by any other public functionary or officer as prima facie evidence of the matter stated in such minute or resolution.

    (8) The said trustees may from time to time make such regulations as they think expedient for the proper administration and control of the said lands or any part thereof, or of any building erected thereon, and shall have power to prosecute any person committing a breach of any such regulations.

    (9) 

    • (a) If a member of the said trustees becomes insane or desires to be removed, or for other good reason should be removed, the Maori Land Court may on the application of the said trustees remove such trustee.

    • (b) If a trustee dies, or is removed under the last preceding paragraph, the court may, on the application of the said trustees, appoint a new trustee or new trustees to fill the vacancy, or may appoint additional trustees:

      provided that trustees appointed to fill vacancies shall as far as practical be chosen from the relative hapu or section from which his predecessor was selected.

    • (c) The court may at any time cancel, amend, or vary any order made by it appointing a trustee. An order made under this section may be registered under the Land Transfer Act 1915.

    (10) For the purpose of attending to matters of detail in connection with the Raukawa Marae, the said trustees may by resolution appoint an executive committee, consisting of not more than 15 of such trustees, to be called the Raukawa Marae Management Committee, to whom the said trustees may delegate such duties as they think fit. Such executive committee shall be in all respects subject to the control and direction of the said trustees.

    (11) The court shall have jurisdiction to inquire into all disputes which may arise out of the trust hereby created, and to make such order as the circumstances of the case may require.

    (12) If, in the opinion of the court, it becomes unnecessary to retain the said lands or any part thereof for the purposes of this section, the court may from time to time by order vest the said lands or the part thereof unnecessary to be retained in the persons who at the commencement of this Act owned the said lands, or their successors according to Maori custom, for an estate of freehold in fee simple freed and discharged from the trust created by this section.

    Section 10: amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 10(1): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 9(2)(a) of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 10(3): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 9(2)(a) of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 10(5): amended, on 1 July 2003, by section 137(1) of the Local Government (Rating) Act 2002 (2002 No 6).

    Section 10(9)(a): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 9(2)(a) of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 10(12): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

Tairawhiti District

11 Setting aside land for Sir James Carroll Memorial
  • Whereas it is proposed to erect a memorial to the late Sir James Carroll which is intended to include the construction of a Maori meeting house and other appurtenances and accessories:

    And whereas the Maori owners of the following lands situated in the Tairawhiti Maori Land Court District—namely, Taumata-o-teo Number 22E, Taumata-o-teo Number 24A, Taumata-o-teo Number 25B, Taumata-o-teo Number 34, Taumata-o-teo Number 35 (all which lands are hereinafter in this section referred to as the said land, and shall be known as the Waihirere Marae)—desire to set aside such lands as a site or sites for the purpose aforesaid and as a Maori reservation for the purposes of this section:

    Be it therefore enacted as follows:

    (1) The court is hereby authorised and empowered to make an order vesting the said land in 2 or more trustees in trust to hold and administer the same for the purpose of this section. On the making of a vesting order or orders under this section the land affected thereby shall be deemed to be one Maori reservation within the meaning of section 298 of the principal Act, set apart and reserved for the common use of the Wairoa section of the Ngati-Kahungunu Maori Tribe, including the beneficial owners of the said land, as a meeting place, a building site, a recreation ground, or in any other manner.

    (2) It shall be in the power of such trustees to acquire by purchase, lease, or gift, and without confirmation under Part 13 of the principal Act, any other land which it may be thought expedient to acquire for use in conjunction with the said land, and the land when so acquired shall be deemed to be and become part of the Maori reservation created by this section, and be deemed freehold land within the meaning of the principal Act.

    (3) The court may from time to time make such rules as it thinks expedient for the administration and control of the Maori reservation hereby created, and for the proper use thereof, or any part thereof, by any person. Any regulation in force under section 298 of the principal Act shall not (except where such regulations are expressly made so to do) apply to the Maori reservation created under this section.

    (4) Notwithstanding anything in the Land Transfer Act 1915, the District Land Registrar may, without payment of fee, issue a certificate of title for the said land to the trustees appointed under this section.

    (5) 

    • (a) For the purpose of erecting a memorial as aforesaid and accessories and appurtenances thereto on the said land for the improvement of the Maori reservation, and for the management of any gathering or ceremony taking place in connection with the memorial, including the acquisition of furniture and other chattels, there is hereby constituted a committee, to be called the Carroll Memorial Committee, consisting of the President of the Tairawhiti Maori Land Board, the East Coast Commissioner, and Te Hata Tipoki of Wairoa (or if he shall die or be incapable of acting, such other Maori of the Wairoa District as the Minister of Maori Affairs may appoint), and the said committee is hereby empowered to make all arrangements and to do all things necessary for the construction of buildings and for any other purpose specified in this paragraph. The said committee shall appoint one of its members as chairman and shall otherwise regulate its own proceedings. The committee shall continue in office until the said memorial and accessories and appurtenances thereto are completed and handed over to the trustees appointed under this section, and until the ceremony taking place in connection with the memorial is concluded.

    • (b) For the purpose of making payments in connection with the construction of the memorial and the accessories and appurtenances thereto, and in connection with any ceremony taking place in regard thereto, and for any other purpose which the Carroll Memorial Committee may think expedient, the Tairawhiti District Maori Land Board shall, whenever required so to do by the committee, make payments from money in the Carroll Memorial Fund referred to in the next succeeding subsection. Any payment made by the said Board out of the Carroll Memorial Fund shall be deemed to be a proper payment if made upon the certificate of the committee. Such certificate may be given before or after the payment it refers to.

    (6) 

    • (a) For the purpose of this section a fund is hereby established to be called the Carroll Memorial Fund (herein called the said fund), to be kept by the Tairawhiti Maori Land Board, and the Board may, subject to the provisions of the last preceding subsection, from time to time expend the moneys in such fund for the acquisition of land, the improvement of the Maori reservation, the erection, replacement, repair, upkeep, and insurance of buildings, the preparing and paying the upkeep of sports grounds, the expenses of any gathering or ceremony taking place in connection with the memorial, the acquisition of furniture and other chattels, and generally for any purpose in connection with or incidental to the said land as the Board may think proper. The expenditure of moneys upon the said land or any part thereof in respect of improvements, buildings, or chattels prior to the commencement of this Act shall be deemed to be expenditure duly authorised.

    • (b) Any Maori Land Board or East Coast Commissioner, or any local authority, corporate body, company, trustee, or person may contribute to the said fund for the purpose of furthering the objects thereof, and any payment or contributions so made shall be deemed to be a payment lawfully made, anything in any Act to the contrary notwithstanding.

    • (c) The assembled owners of any parcel of Maori land, or the committee of any land vested in the East Coast Commissioner, may pass a resolution that such sum as may be indicated shall be paid to the said fund out of any rents or other moneys which are due or accruing due or payable in the future either in 1 sum or by instalments. Any resolution heretofore passed for the purpose set forth in this section shall enure for the purposes of this Act as if it had originated under this section, and shall be deemed to have so originated.

    • (d) It shall be lawful for a Maori Land Board, the Māori Trustee, or the East Coast Commissioner to make advances out of their respective accounts of the whole or any part of the amounts directed by any resolution passed under the last preceding paragraph in anticipation of the rents or other moneys to become due or payable, and to charge the money so advanced against the land affected. In the case of a Maori Land Board a memorandum of charge may be executed under section 109 of the principal Act.

    (7) When the Carroll Memorial Committee has fulfilled the purposes for which it was constituted the provisions of subsection (5) shall cease to operate, and thereafter all payments out of the said fund shall be made as the regulations prescribe, or, if there are no regulations, on the certificate of 2 or more of the trustees as the court may authorise. The Tairawhiti Maori Land Board shall not be bound to pay any amount so certified by the trustees, but if any dispute shall arise between the Board and the trustees the matter shall be referred to the Minister of Maori Affairs, whose decision shall be final and shall be acted upon accordingly.

    Section 11: amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 11: amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 9(2)(a) of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 11: amended, on 15 March 1938, by section 11(9) of the Maori Purposes Act 1937 (1937 No 34).

    Section 11(1): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 11(2): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 11(3): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 11(5)(a): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 11(5)(a): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 3(2) of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 11(6)(a): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 11(6)(c): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 2 of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 11(6)(d): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 9(2)(a) of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

    Section 11(7): amended, on 27 November 1947, pursuant to section 3(2) of the Maori Purposes Act 1947 (1947 No 59).

Maori Councils Amendment

[Repealed]

  • Heading: repealed, on 1 April 1946, pursuant to section 50(1) of the Maori Social and Economic Advancement Act 1945 (1945 No 43).

12 Bylaws relating to waterworks
  • [Repealed]

    Section 12: repealed, on 1 April 1946, by section 50(1) of the Maori Social and Economic Advancement Act 1945 (1945 No 43).

Reference of petitions to the court

[Repealed]

  • Heading: repealed, on 25 October 1956, pursuant to section 6(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1956 (1956 No 43).

13 Chief Judge may refer matters in Schedule 4 for report
  • [Repealed]

    Section 13: repealed, on 25 October 1956, by section 6(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1956 (1956 No 43).


Schedule 1
Lands that may be acquired by the Bank of New Zealand

[Repealed]

  • Schedule 1: repealed, on 25 October 1956, by section 6(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1956 (1956 No 43).


Schedule 2
Lands that may be acquired by the Bank of New Zealand

[Repealed]

  • Schedule 2: repealed, on 25 October 1956, by section 6(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1956 (1956 No 43).


Schedule 3
Raukawa Marae Committee

Ngati-PareNgati-Maiotaki
1. Hori te Waru8. Pirimi Tahiwi
2. Maremare Hori te Waru9. Utiku Hapeta
3. Arapata Mita10. Hona Webber
4. Hopi MahimaNgati-Ngarongo
5. Puke to Ao11. Hawera te Hana
6. Puna Taipua12. Hone Makimereni
7. Matenga Baker 
Ngati-KorokiNgati-Huia
13. Rota Hohipuha40. Tamati Hawea
14. Tiemi Rikihana41. Kupa Hawea
15. Taipari Rikihana42. Huia te Kapukai
16. Rikihana Kakiki43. Rawiri Tatana
Ngati-KikopiriNgati-Toa
17. Horima Naera44. Te Uenuku Reene
18. Aperahama Roera45. Hari Wi Katene
19. Wiremu Rooti46. Hohepa Wi Neera
Ngati-Wehiwehi47. Kohe Webster
20. Hema Whata48. Rawiri Puaha
21. Mita HonatanaNgati-Whakatere
22. Parima Warahi49. Taite te Tomo
23. Parakipane Kiingi50. Takerei Wi Kohika
Ngati-Kapu51. Keepa Hihira
24. Tarawaraki ArekateraNgati-Rakau
25. Wiremu Pewene52. Potaka Hotereni
26. Whetu Enoka53. Te Ahau Renata
Ngati-PareraukawaNgati-Kauwhata
27. Tuainuku Winiata54. Meihana te Rama
28. Nepia WiniataNgati-Takihiku
29. Te Pate Hakopa55. Hare Makirika
30. Wiremu Kingi te Awe AweNgati-Te Au
Ngati-Te Atiwa56. Haeana Hemara
31. Rakaherea Pomare57. Pitihira Reihana
32. Tohuroa ParataNgati-Parewahawaha
33. Herehere Ropata58. Hone Reweti
34. Heremaia Eruini59. Aperahana Kati
Ngati-Tukorehe60. Kereama te Ngako
35. Rehua HeperiNgati-Pikiahu
36. Ti Patuaka61. Maraenui
37. Valentine Bevan62. Wero Keeni
38. Tumeke Wehipeihana63. Waeroa
39. Tira PutuNgati-Turanga
 64. Aputa-ki-Wairau
 65. Papi Nikora
 66. Tawhai Eruera
 67. Roore Rangiheuea

Schedule 4
Petitions to be referred to the Maori Land Court, or a Judge or Commissioner thereof

[Repealed]

  • Schedule 4: repealed, on 25 October 1956, by section 6(1) of the Maori Purposes Act 1956 (1956 No 43).


Contents

  • 1General

  • 2Status of reprints

  • 3How reprints are prepared

  • 4Changes made under section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989

  • 5List of amendments incorporated in this reprint (most recent first)


Notes
1 General
  • This is a reprint of the Maori Purposes Act 1936. The reprint incorporates all the amendments to the Act as at 1 July 2003, as specified in the list of amendments at the end of these notes.

    Relevant provisions of any amending enactments that contain transitional, savings, or application provisions that cannot be compiled in the reprint are also included, after the principal enactment, in chronological order. For more information, see http://www.pco.parliament.govt.nz/reprints/ .

2 Status of reprints
  • Under section 16D of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989, reprints are presumed to correctly state, as at the date of the reprint, the law enacted by the principal enactment and by the amendments to that enactment. This presumption applies even though editorial changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in the reprint.

    This presumption may be rebutted by producing the official volumes of statutes or statutory regulations in which the principal enactment and its amendments are contained.

3 How reprints are prepared
  • A number of editorial conventions are followed in the preparation of reprints. For example, the enacting words are not included in Acts, and provisions that are repealed or revoked are omitted. For a detailed list of the editorial conventions, see http://www.pco.parliament.govt.nz/editorial-conventions/ or Part 8 of the Tables of New Zealand Acts and Ordinances and Statutory Regulations and Deemed Regulations in Force.

4 Changes made under section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989
  • Section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 authorises the making of editorial changes in a reprint as set out in sections 17D and 17E of that Act so that, to the extent permitted, the format and style of the reprinted enactment is consistent with current legislative drafting practice. Changes that would alter the effect of the legislation are not permitted.

    A new format of legislation was introduced on 1 January 2000. Changes to legislative drafting style have also been made since 1997, and are ongoing. To the extent permitted by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989, all legislation reprinted after 1 January 2000 is in the new format for legislation and reflects current drafting practice at the time of the reprint.

    In outline, the editorial changes made in reprints under the authority of section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 are set out below, and they have been applied, where relevant, in the preparation of this reprint:

    • omission of unnecessary referential words (such as of this section and of this Act)

    • typeface and type size (Times Roman, generally in 11.5 point)

    • layout of provisions, including:

      • indentation

      • position of section headings (eg, the number and heading now appear above the section)

    • format of definitions (eg, the defined term now appears in bold type, without quotation marks)

    • format of dates (eg, a date formerly expressed as the 1st day of January 1999 is now expressed as 1 January 1999)

    • position of the date of assent (it now appears on the front page of each Act)

    • punctuation (eg, colons are not used after definitions)

    • Parts numbered with roman numerals are replaced with arabic numerals, and all cross-references are changed accordingly

    • case and appearance of letters and words, including:

      • format of headings (eg, headings where each word formerly appeared with an initial capital letter followed by small capital letters are amended so that the heading appears in bold, with only the first word (and any proper nouns) appearing with an initial capital letter)

      • small capital letters in section and subsection references are now capital letters

    • schedules are renumbered (eg, Schedule 1 replaces First Schedule), and all cross-references are changed accordingly

    • running heads (the information that appears at the top of each page)

    • format of two-column schedules of consequential amendments, and schedules of repeals (eg, they are rearranged into alphabetical order, rather than chronological).

5 List of amendments incorporated in this reprint (most recent first)