2 Interpretation
  • (1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—

    Authority means the International Sea-Bed Authority established by article 156 of the Convention

    continental shelf means the seabed and subsoil of those submarine areas that extend beyond the territorial limits of New Zealand, throughout the natural prolongation of the land territory of New Zealand, to the seaward-side boundaries

    Convention means the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, done at Montego Bay, Jamaica on 10 December 1982

    mineral includes coal

    natural resources means—

    • (a) the mineral and other natural non-living resources of the seabed and subsoil; and

    • (b) living organisms belonging to sedentary species, that is to say, organisms which, at the harvestable stage, either are immobile on or under the seabed or are unable to move except in constant physical contact with the seabed or subsoil

    seaward-side boundaries, in relation to the continental shelf, means the actual boundaries (if any) delineated by an order under subsection (2) and, to the extent that no boundaries of that kind are delineated in that way, the boundaries that are—

    • (a) a distance of 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured (as described in sections 5, 6, and 6A of the Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, and Exclusive Economic Zone Act 1977) where the outer edge of the continental margin does not extend beyond that distance; and

    • (b) at the outer edge of the continental margin where it extends beyond that distance.

    (2) For the purposes of implementing any international agreement, or for any other purpose in accordance with international law, the Governor-General may from time to time, by Order in Council, delineate the actual boundaries of the continental shelf.

    Section 2(1) subsection number: inserted, on 1 October 1977 (applying to the parts of New Zealand specified in Part B of the Schedule of the Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, and Exclusive Economic Zone Act Commencement Order 1977), by section 33(1) of the Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, and Exclusive Economic Zone Act 1977 (1977 No 28).

    Section 2(1) Authority: inserted, on 1 August 1996, by section 2(1) of the Continental Shelf Amendment Act 1996 (1996 No 71).

    Section 2(1) continental shelf: substituted, on 15 December 2005, by section 3(1) of the Continental Shelf Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 96).

    Section 2(1) Convention: inserted, on 1 August 1996, by section 2(3) of the Continental Shelf Amendment Act 1996 (1996 No 71).

    Section 2(1) mineral: inserted, on 1 October 1977 (applying to the parts of New Zealand specified in Part B of the Schedule of the Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, and Exclusive Economic Zone Act Commencement Order 1977), by section 33(1) of the Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, and Exclusive Economic Zone Act 1977 (1977 No 28).

    Section 2(1) seaward-side boundaries: added, on 15 December 2005, by section 3(2) of the Continental Shelf Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 96).

    Section 2(2): added, on 1 October 1977 (applying to the parts of New Zealand specified in Part B of the Schedule of the Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, and Exclusive Economic Zone Act Commencement Order 1977), by section 33(1) of the Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, and Exclusive Economic Zone Act 1977 (1977 No 28).