International Finance Agreements Amendment Act 1966

International Finance Agreements Amendment Act 1966

Public Act1966 No 25
Date of assent16 September 1966

Note

This Act is administered in the Treasury.


  • Preamble

    WHEREAS the Asian Development Bank was established pursuant to an international agreement drawn up at the City of Manila on the 4th day of December 1965, for the purpose of fostering economic growth and co-operation in the region of Asia and the Far East and of contributing to the acceleration of the process of economic development of the developing member countries in that region: And whereas the Government of New Zealand was a signatory to the agreement and proposes to become a member of the Asian Bank: And whereas the International Development Association was established, pursuant to the Articles of Agreement approved by the Executive Directors of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development on the 26th day of January 1960, for the purposes of promoting economic development, increasing productivity, and thus raising standards of living in the less-developed areas of the world included within the Association's membership: And whereas it is desirable to make provision enabling the Government of New Zealand to meet its obligations as a member of the Asian Bank and, in the event of its becoming a member of the Association, as a member thereof.

BE IT THEREFORE ENACTED by the General Assembly of New Zealand in Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:

1 Short Title
  • This Act may be cited as the International Finance Agreements Amendment Act 1966, and shall be read together with and deemed part of the International Finance Agreements Act 1961 (hereinafter referred to as the principal Act).

2 Interpretation
  • In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—

    Asian Bank means the Asian Development Bank

    Asian Bank Agreement means the Agreement set out in Schedule 1 to this Act, providing for the establishment and operation of the Asian Bank

    Association means the International Development Association

    Association Agreement means the Articles of Agreement set out in Schedule 2 to this Act, providing for the establishment and operation of the Association.

3 Provisions for giving effect to Asian Development Bank Agreement
  • (1) The Reserve Bank of New Zealand is hereby designated as the depository in New Zealand for all the holdings of New Zealand currency and of other assets of the Asian Bank.

    (2) There shall be paid out of such account of the Public Account as the Minister may direct, without further appropriation than this section, all payments required to be made from time to time to the Asian Bank, under the provisions of the Asian Bank Agreement, by reason of New Zealand's membership of the Asian Bank.

    (3) The Minister may from time to time borrow on the security of and charged upon the public revenues of New Zealand such sums of money as are required to be paid by the Government of New Zealand under subsection (2) of this section. The provisions of subsections (2) and (3) of section 6 of the principal Act shall extend and apply to all money borrowed under the authority of this subsection.

    (4) The Minister is hereby authorised to create and issue securities, notes, or obligations, which shall be non-negotiable, non-interest bearing, and payable on demand, to the Asian Bank in conformity with paragraph 3 of Article 6 of the Asian Bank Agreement.

    (5) Articles 49 to 56 and 58 of the Asian Bank Agreement (which relate to status, immunities, and privileges) shall have the force of law in New Zealand, Niue, and Tokelau.

    Subsections (2) to (4) were amended, as from 25 June 1997, by section 2 Treasurer (Statutory References) Act 1997 (1997 No 20) by substituting the word Minister for the words Minister of Finance.

    The word Tokelau in subsection (5) was substituted, as from 9 December 1976, for the words the Tokelau Islands pursuant to section 3(8) Tokelau Amendment Act 1976 (1976 No 122).

4 Provisions for giving effect to International Development Association Agreement
  • (1) The provisions of this section shall have effect in the event of the Government of New Zealand becoming a member of the Association.

    (2) The Reserve Bank of New Zealand is hereby designated as the depository in New Zealand for all the holdings of New Zealand currency and of other assets of the Association.

    (3) There shall be paid out of such account of the Crown Bank Account as the Minister may direct, without further appropriation than this section, all payments required to be made from time to time to the Association under the terms approved by the Association, in accordance with the Association Agreement, for the admission of the Government of New Zealand to membership, and under the provisions of the Association Agreement by reason of New Zealand's membership.

    (4) The Minister may from time to time borrow on the security of and charged upon the public revenues of New Zealand such sums of money as are required to be paid by the Government of New Zealand under subsection (3) of this section. The provisions of subsections (2) and (3) of section 6 of the principal Act shall extend and apply to all money borrowed under the authority of this subsection.

    (5) The Minister is hereby authorised to create and issue securities, notes, or obligations, which shall be non-negotiable, non-interest bearing, and payable on demand, to the Association in conformity with subsection (e) of Section 2 of Article II of the Association Agreement.

    (6) Sections 2 to 9 of Article VIII of the Association Agreement (which relate to status, immunities, and privileges) shall have the force of law in New Zealand, Niue, and Tokelau.

    The words Crown Bank Account in subsection (3) were substituted, as from 1 July 1989, for the words Public Account by section 83(1) Public Finance Act 1989 (1989 No 44).

    Subsections (3) to (5) were amended, as from 25 June 1997, by section 2 Treasurer (Statutory References) Act 1997 (1997 No 20) by substituting the word Minister for the words Minister of Finance.

    The word Tokelau in subsection (6) was substituted, as from 9 December 1976, for the words the Tokelau Islands pursuant to section 3(8) Tokelau Amendment Act 1976 (1976 No 122).

5 Application of certain provisions to Cook Islands
  • Whereas in accordance with Article 46 of the Constitution of the Cook Islands (as set out in Schedule 2 to the Cook Islands Constitution Amendment Act 1965) the Government of the Cook Islands has requested and consented to the enactment of a provision extending the provisions of subsection (5) of section 3 and, in the event of the Government of New Zealand becoming a member of the Association, subsection (6) of section 4 of this Act to the Cook Islands as part of the law of the Cook Islands: Be it therefore enacted as follows:

    Subsection (5) of section 3 of this Act, and, in the event of the Government of New Zealand becoming a member of the Association, subsection (6) of section 4 of this Act, shall extend to and be in force in the Cook Islands as if in each of those subsections the words the Cook Islands appeared after the words New Zealand.

6
  • [Repealed]

    Section 6 was repealed, as from 8 October 1975, by section 5(2) International Finance Agreements Amendment Act 1975 (1975 No 54).


Schedule 1

Sections 2, 3

Agreement Establishing the Asian Development Bank

  • Preamble

    The Contracting Parties considering the importance of closer economic cooperation as a means for achieving the most efficient utilisation of resources and for accelerating the economic development of Asia and the Far East; realising the significance of making additional development financing available for the region by mobilising such funds and other resources both from within and outside the region, and by seeking to create and foster conditions conducive to increased domestic savings and greater flow of development funds into the region; recognising the desirability of promoting the harmonious growth of the economies of the region and the expansion of external trade of member countries; convinced that the establishment of a financial institution that is Asian in its basic character would serve these ends; have agreed to establish hereby the Asian Development Bank (hereinafter called the Bank) which shall operate in accordance with the following.

    ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT

I
Purpose, Functions and Membership

Article 1 Purpose
  • The purpose of the Bank shall be to foster economic growth and cooperation in the region of Asia and the Far East (hereinafter referred to as the region) and to contribute to the acceleration of the process of economic development of the developing member countries in the region, collectively and individually. Wherever used in this Agreement, the terms region of Asia and the Far East and region shall comprise the territories of Asia and the Far East included in the Terms of Reference of the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East.

Article 2 Functions
  • To fulfil its purpose, the Bank shall have the following functions:

    • (i) to promote investment in the region of public and private capital for development purposes;

    • (ii) to utilise the resources at its disposal for financing development of the developing member countries in the region, giving priority to those regional, sub-regional as well as national projects and programmes which will contribute most effectively to the harmonious economic growth of the region as a whole, and having special regard to the needs of the smaller or less developed member countries in the region;

    • (iii) to meet requests from members in the region to assist them in the co-ordination of their development policies and plans with a view to achieving better utilisation of their resources, making their economies more complementary, and promoting the orderly expansion of their foreign trade, in particular, intra-regional trade;

    • (iv) to provide technical assistance for the preparation, financing and execution of development projects and programmes, including the formulation of specific project proposals;

    • (v) to co-operate, in such manner as the Bank may deem appropriate, within the terms of this Agreement, with the United Nations, its organs and subsidiary bodies including, in particular, the Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East, and with public international organisations and other international institutions, as well as national entities whether public or private, which are concerned with the investment of development funds in the region, and to interest such institutions and entities in new opportunities for investment and assistance; and

    • (vi) to undertake such other activities and provide such other services as may advance its purpose.

Article 3 Membership
  • 1. Membership in the Bank shall be open to: (i) members and associate members of the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East; and (ii) other regional countries and non-regional developed countries which are members of the United Nations or of any of its specialised agencies.

    2. Countries eligible for membership under paragraph 1 of this Article which do not become members in accordance with Article 64 of this Agreement may be admitted, under such terms and conditions as the Bank may determine, to membership in the Bank upon the affirmative vote of two-thirds of the total number of Governors, representing not less than three-fourths of the total voting power of the members.

    3. In the case of associate members of the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East which are not responsible for the conduct of their international relations, application for membership in the Bank shall be presented by the member of the Bank responsible for the international relations of the applicant and accompanied by an undertaking by such member that, until the applicant itself assumes such responsibility, the member shall be responsible for all obligations that may be incurred by the applicant by reason of admission to membership in the Bank and enjoyment of the benefits of such membership. Country as used in this Agreement shall include a territory which is an associate member of the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East.

II
Capital

Article 4 Authorised Capital
  • 1. The authorised capital stock of the Bank shall be one billion dollars ($1,000,000,000) in terms of United States dollars of the weight and fineness in effect on 31 January 1966. The dollar wherever referred to in this Agreement shall be understood as being a United States dollar of the above value. The authorised capital stock shall be divided into one hundred thousand (100,000) shares having a par value of ten thousand dollars ($10,000) each, which shall be available for subscription only by members in accordance with the provisions of Article 5 of this Agreement.

    2. The original authorised capital stock shall be divided into paid-in shares and callable shares. Shares having an aggregate par value of five hundred million dollars ($500,000,000) shall be paid-in shares, and shares having an aggregate par value of five hundred million dollars ($500,000,000) shall be callable shares.

    3. The authorised capital stock of the Bank may be increased by the Board of Governors, at such time and under such terms and conditions as it may deem advisable, by a vote of two-thirds of the total number of Governors, representing not less than three-fourths of the total voting power of the members.

Article 5 Subscription of Shares
  • 1. Each member shall subscribe to shares of the capital stock of the Bank. Each subscription to the original authorised capital stock shall be for paid-in shares and callable shares in equal parts. The initial number of shares to be subscribed by countries which become members in accordance with Article 64 of this Agreement shall be that set forth in Annex A hereof. The initial number of shares to be subscribed by countries which are admitted to membership in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 3 of this Agreement shall be determined by the Board of Governors; provided, however, that no such subscription shall be authorised which would have the effect of reducing the percentage of capital stock held by regional members below sixty (60) percent of the total subscribed capital stock.

    2. The Board of Governors shall at intervals of not less than five (5) years review the capital stock of the Bank. In case of an increase in the authorised capital stock, each member shall have a reasonable opportunity to subscribe, under such terms and conditions as the Board of Governors shall determine, to a proportion of the increase of stock equivalent to the proportion which its stock theretofore subscribed bears to the total subscribed capital stock immediately prior to such increase; provided, however, that the foregoing provision shall not apply in respect of any increase or portion of an increase in the authorised capital stock intended solely to give effect to determinations of the Board of Governors under paragraphs 1 and 3 of this Article. No member shall be obligated to subscribe to any part of an increase of capital stock.

    3. The Board of Governors may, at the request of a member, increase the subscription of such member on such terms and conditions as the Board may determine; provided, however, that no such increase in the subscription of any member shall be authorised which would have the effect of reducing the percentage of capital stock held by regional members below sixty (60) percent of the total subscribed capital stock. The Board of Governors shall pay special regard to the request of any regional member having less than six (6) percent of the subscribed capital stock to increase its proportionate share thereof.

    4. Shares of stock initially subscribed by members shall be issued at par. Other shares shall be issued at par unless the Board of Governors by a vote of a majority of the total number of Governors, representing a majority of the total voting power of the members, decides in special circumstances to issue them on other terms.

    5. Shares of stock shall not be pledged or encumbered in any manner whatsoever, and they shall not be transferable except to the Bank in accordance with Chapter VII of this Agreement.

    6. The liability of the members on shares shall be limited to the unpaid portion of their issue price.

    7. No member shall be liable, by reason of its membership, for obligations of the Bank.

Article 6 Payment of Subscriptions
  • 1. Payment of the amount initially subscribed by each Signatory to this Agreement which becomes a member in accordance with Article 64 to the paid-in capital stock of the Bank shall be made in five (5) instalments, of twenty (20) percent each of such amount. The first instalment shall be paid by each member within thirty (30) days after entry into force of this Agreement, or on or before the date of deposit on its behalf of its instrument of ratification or acceptance in accordance with paragraph 1 of Article 64, whichever is later. The second instalment shall become due one (1) year from the entry into force of this Agreement. The remaining 3 instalments shall each become due successively one (1) year from the date on which the preceding instalment becomes due.

    2. Of each instalment for the payment of initial subscriptions to the original paid-in capital stock:

    • (a) fifty (50) percent shall be paid in gold or convertible currency; and

    • (b) fifty (50) percent in the currency of the member.

    3. The Bank shall accept from any member promissory notes or other obligations issued by the Government of the member, or by the depository designated by such member, in lieu of the amount to be paid in the currency of the member pursuant to paragraph 2(b) of this Article, provided such currency is not required by the Bank for the conduct of its operations. Such notes or obligations shall be non-negotiable, non-interest-bearing, and payable to the Bank at par value upon demand. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2(ii) of Article 24, demands upon such notes or obligations payable in convertible currencies shall, over reasonable periods of time, be uniform in percentage on all such notes or obligations.

    4. Each payment of a member in its own currency under paragraph 2(b) of this Article shall be in such amount as the Bank, after such consultation with the International Monetary Fund as the Bank may consider necessary and utilising the par value established with the International Monetary Fund, if any, determines to be equivalent to the full value in terms of dollars of the portion of the subscription being paid. The initial payment shall be in such amount as the member considers appropriate hereunder but shall be subject to such adjustment, to be effected within ninety (90) days of the date on which such payment was due, as the Bank shall determine to be necessary to constitute the full dollar equivalent of such payment.

    5. Payment of the amount subscribed to the callable capital stock of the Bank shall be subject to call only as and when required by the Bank to meet its obligations incurred under subparagraphs (ii) and (iv) of Article 11 on borrowings of funds for inclusion in its ordinary capital resources or on guarantees chargeable to such resources.

    6. In the event of the call referred to in paragraph 5 of this Article, payment may be made at the option of the member in gold, covertible currency or in the currency required to discharge the obligations of the Bank for the purpose of which the call is made. Calls on unpaid subscriptions shall be uniform in percentage on all callable shares.

    7. The Bank shall determine the place for any payment under this Article, provided that, until the inaugural meeting of its Board of Governors, the payment of the first instalment referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be made to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, as Trustee for the Bank.

Article 7 Ordinary Capital Resources
  • As used in this Agreement, the term ordinary capital resources of the Bank shall include the following:

    • (i) authorised capital stock of the Bank, including both paid-in and callable shares, subscribed pursuant to Article 5 of this Agreement, except such part thereof as may be set aside into one or more Special Funds in accordance with paragraph 1(i) of Article 19 of this Agreement;

    • (ii) funds raised by borrowings of the Bank by virtue of powers conferred by subparagraph (i) of Article 21 of this Agreement, to which the commitment to calls provided for in paragraph 5 of Article 6 of this Agreement is applicable;

    • (iii) funds received in repayment of loans or guarantees made with the resources indicated in (i) and (ii) of this Article;

    • (iv) income derived from loans made from the aforementioned funds or from guarantees to which the commitment to calls set forth in paragraph 5 of Article 6 of this Agreement is applicable; and

    • (v) any other funds or income received by the Bank which do not form part of its Special Funds resources referred to in Article 20 of this Agreement.

III
Operations

Article 8 Use of Resources
  • The resources and facilities of the Bank shall be used exclusively to implement the purpose and functions set forth respectively in Articles 1 and 2 of this Agreement.

Article 9 Ordinary and Special Operations
  • 1. The operations of the Bank shall consist of ordinary operations and special operations.

    2. Ordinary operations shall be those financed from the ordinary capital resources of the Bank.

    3. Special operations shall be those financed from the Special Funds resources referred to in Article 20 of this Agreement.

Article 10 Separation of Operations
  • 1. The ordinary capital resources and the Special Funds resources of the Bank shall at all times and in all respects be held, used, committed, invested or otherwise disposed of entirely separate from each other. The financial statements of the Bank shall show the ordinary operations and special operations separately.

    2. The ordinary capital resources of the Bank shall under no circumstances be charged with, or used to discharge, losses or liabilities arising out of special operations or other activities for which Special Funds resources were originally used or committed.

    3. Expenses appertaining directly to ordinary operations shall be charged to the ordinary capital resources of the Bank. Expenses appertaining directly to special operations shall be charged to the Special Funds resources. Any other expenses shall be charged as the Bank shall determine.

Article 11 Recipients and Methods of Operation
  • Subject to the conditions stipulated in this Agreement, the bank may provide or facilitate financing to any member, or any agency, instrumentality or political subdivision thereof, or any entity or enterprise operating in the territory of a member, as well as to international or regional agencies or entities concerned with economic development of the region. The Bank may carry out its operations in any of the following ways:

    • (i) by making or participating in direct loans with its unimpaired paid-in capital and, except as provided in Article 17 of this Agreement, with its reserves and undistributed surplus; or with the unimpaired Special Funds resources;

    • (ii) by making or participating in direct loans with funds raised by the Bank in capital markets or borrowed or otherwise acquired by the Bank for inclusion in its ordinary capital resources;

    • (iii) by investment of funds referred to in (i) and (ii) of this Article in the equity capital of an institution or enterprise, provided no such investment shall be made until after the Board of Governors, by a vote of a majority of the total number of Governors, representing a majority of the total voting power of the members, shall have determined that the Bank is in a position to commence such type of operations; or

    • (iv) by guaranteeing, whether as primary or secondary obligor, in whole or in part, loans for economic development participated in by the Bank.

Article 12 Limitations on Ordinary Operations
  • 1. The total amount outstanding of loans, equity investments and guarantees made by the Bank in its ordinary operations shall not at any time exceed the total amount of its unimpaired subscribed capital, reserves and surplus included in its ordinary capital resources, exclusive of the special reserve provided for by Article 17 of this Agreement and other reserves not available for ordinary operations.

    2. In the case of loans made with funds borrowed by the Bank to which the commitment to calls provided for by paragraph 5 of Article 6 of this Agreement is applicable, the total amount of principal outstanding and payable to the Bank in a specific currency shall not at any time exceed the total amount of the principal of outstanding borrowings by the Bank that are payable in the same currency.

    3. In the case of funds invested in equity capital out of the ordinary capital resources of the bank, the total amount invested shall not exceed ten (10) percent of the aggregate amount of the unimpaired paid-in capital stock of the Bank actually paid up at any given time together with the reserves and surplus included in its ordinary capital resources, exclusive of the special reserve provided for in Article 17 of this Agreement.

    4. The amount of any equity investment shall not exceed such percentage of the equity capital of the entity or enterprise concerned as the Board of Directors shall in each specific case determine to be appropriate. The Bank shall not seek to obtain by such an investment a controlling interest in the entity or enterprise concerned, except where necessary to safeguard the investment of the Bank.

Article 13 Provision of Currencies for Direct Loans
  • In making direct loans or participating in them, the Bank may provide financing in any of the following ways:

    • (i) by furnishing the borrower with currencies other than the currency of the member in whose territory the project concerned is to be carried out (the latter currency hereinafter to be called local currency), which are necessary to meet the foreign exchange costs of such project; or

    • (ii) by providing financing to meet local expenditures on the project concerned, where it can do so by supplying local currency without selling any of its holdings in gold or convertible currencies. In special cases when, in the opinion of the bank, the project causes or is likely to cause undue loss or strain on the balance of payments of the member in whose territory the project is to be carried out, the financing granted by the Bank to meet local expenditures may be provided in currencies other than that of such member; in such cases, the amount of the financing granted by the Bank for this purpose shall not exceed a reasonable portion of the total local expenditure incurred by the borrower.

Article 14 Operating Principles
  • The operations of the Bank shall be conducted in accordance with the following principles:

    • (i) The operations of the Bank shall provide principally for the financing of specific projects, including those forming part of a national, sub-regional or regional development programme. They may, however, include loans to, or guarantees of loans made to, national development banks or other suitable entities, in order that the latter may finance specific development projects whose individual financing requirements are not, in the opinion of the Bank, large enough to warrant the direct supervision of the Bank;

    • (ii) In selecting suitable projects, the Bank shall always be guided by the provisions of paragraph (ii) of Article 2 of this Agreement;

    • (iii) The Bank shall not finance any undertaking in the territory of a member if that member objects to such financing;

    • (iv) Before a loan is granted, the applicant shall have submitted an adequate loan proposal and the President of the Bank shall have presented to the Board of Directors a written report regarding the proposal, together with his recommendations, on the basis of a staff study;

    • (v) In considering an application for a loan or guarantee, the Bank shall pay due regard to the ability of the borrower to obtain financing or facilities elsewhere on terms and conditions that the Bank considers reasonable for the recipient, taking into account all pertinent factors;

    • (vi) In making or guaranteeing a loan, the Bank shall pay due regard to the prospects that the borrower and its guarantor, if any, will be in a position to meet their obligations under the loan contract;

    • (vii) In making or guaranteeing a loan, the rate of interest, other charges and the schedule for repayment of principal shall be such as are, in the opinion of the Bank, appropriate for the loan concerned;

    • (viii) In guaranteeing a loan made by other investors, or in underwriting the sale of securities, the Bank shall receive suitable compensation for its risk;

    • (ix) The proceeds of any loan, investment or other financing undertaken in the ordinary operations of the Bank or with Special Funds established by the Bank pursuant to paragraph 1(i) of Article 19, shall be used only for procurement in member countries of goods and services produced in member countries, except in any case in which the Board of Directors, by a vote of the Directors representing not less than two-thirds of the total voting power of the members, determines to permit procurement in a non-member country or of goods and services produced in a non-member country in special circumstances making such procurement appropriate, as in the case of a non-member country in which a significant amount of financing has been provided to the Bank;

    • (x) In the case of a direct loan made by the Bank, the borrower shall be permitted by the Bank to draw its funds only to meet expenditures in connection with the project as they are actually incurred;

    • (xi) The Bank shall take the necessary measures to ensure that the proceeds of any loan made, guaranteed or participated in by the Bank are used only for the purposes for which the loan was granted and with due attention to considerations of economy and efficiency;

    • (xii) The Bank shall pay due regard to the desirability of avoiding a disproportionate amount of its resources being used for the benefit of any member;

    • (xiii) The Bank shall seek to maintain reasonable diversification in its investments in equity capital; it shall not assume responsibility for managing any entity or enterprise in which it has an investment, except where necessary to safeguard its investments; and

    • (xiv) The Bank shall be guided by sound banking principles in its operations.

Article 15 Terms and Conditions for Direct Loans and Guarantees
  • 1. In the case of direct loans made or participated in or loans guaranteed by the Bank, the contract shall establish, in conformity with the operating principles set forth in Article 14 of this Agreement and subject to the other provisions of this Agreement, the terms and conditions for the loan or the guarantee concerned, including those relating to payment of principal, interest and other charges, maturities, and dates of payment in respect of the loan, or the fees and other charges in respect of the guarantee, respectively. In particular, the contract shall provide that, subject to paragraph 3 of this Article, all payments to the Bank under the contract shall be made in the currency loaned, unless, in the case of a direct loan made or a loan guaranteed as part of special operations with funds provided under paragraph 1(ii) of Article 19, the rules and regulations of the Bank provide otherwise. Guarantees by the Bank shall also provide that the Bank may terminate its liability with respect to interest if, upon default by the borrower and the guarantor, if any, the Bank offers to purchase, at par and interest accrued to a date designated in the offer, the bonds or other obligations guaranteed.

    2. Where the recipient of loans or guarantees of loans is not itself a member, the Bank may, when it deems it advisable, require that the member in whose territory the project concerned is to be carried out, or a public agency or any instrumentality of that member acceptable to the Bank, guarantee the repayment of the principal and the payment of interest and other charges on the loan in accordance with the terms thereof.

    3. The loan or guarantee contract shall expressly state the currency in which all payments to the Bank thereunder shall be made. At the option of the borrower, however, such payments may always be made in gold or convertible currency.

Article 16 Commission and Fees
  • 1. The Bank shall charge, in addition to interest, a commission on direct loans made or participated in as part of its ordinary operations. This commission, payable periodically, shall be computed on the amount outstanding on each loan or participation and shall be at the rate of not less than one (1) percent per annum, unless the Bank, after the first five (5) years of its operations, decides to reduce this minimum rate by a two-thirds majority of its members, representing not less than three-fourths of the total voting power of the members.

    2. In guaranteeing a loan as part of its ordinary operations, the Bank shall charge a guarantee fee, at a rate determined by the Board of Directors, payable periodically on the amount of the loan outstanding.

    3. Other charges of the Bank in its ordinary operations and any commission, fees or other charges in its special operations shall be determined by the Board of Directors.

Article 17 Special Reserve
  • The amount of commissions and guarantee fees received by the Bank pursuant to Article 16 of this Agreement shall be set aside as a special reserve which shall be kept for meeting liabilities of the Bank in accordance with Article 18 of this Agreement. The special reserve shall be held in such liquid form as the Board of Directors may decide.

Article 18 Methods of Meeting Liabilities of the Bank
  • 1. In cases of default on loans made, participated in or guaranteed by the Bank in its ordinary operations, the Bank shall take such action as it deems appropriate with respect to modifying the terms of the loan, other than the currency of repayment.

    2. The payments in discharge of the Bank's liabilities on borrowings or guarantees under subparagraphs (ii) and (iv) of Article 11 chargeable to the ordinary capital resources shall be charged:

    • (i) First, against the special reserve provided for in Article 17:

    • (ii) Then, to the extent necessary and at the discretion of the Bank, against the other reserves, surplus and capital available to the Bank.

    3. Whenever necessary to meet contractual payments of interest, other charges or amortisation on borrowings of the Bank in its ordinary operations, or to meet its liabilities with respect to similar payments in respect of loans guaranteed by it, chargeable to its ordinary capital resources, the Bank may call an appropriate amount of the uncalled subscribed callable capital in accordance with paragraphs 6 and 7 of Article 6 of this Agreement.

    4. In cases of default in respect of a loan made from borrowed funds or guaranteed by the Bank as part of its ordinary operations, the Bank may, if it believes that the default may be of long duration, call an additional amount of such callable capital not to exceed in any one (1) year one (1) percent of the total subscriptions of the members to such capital, for the following purposes:

    • (i) To redeem before maturity, or otherwise discharge, the Bank's liability on all or part of the outstanding principal of any loan guaranteed by it in respect of which the debtor is in default; and

    • (ii) To repurchase, or otherwise discharge, the Bank's liability on all or part of its own outstanding borrowing.

    5. If the Bank's subscribed callable capital stock shall be entirely called pursuant to paragraphs 3 and 4 of this Article, the bank may, if necessary for the purposes specified in paragraph 3 of this Article, use or exchange the currency of any member without restriction, including any restriction imposed pursuant to paragraphs 2(i) and (ii) of Article 24.

Article 19 Special Funds
  • 1. The Bank may:

    • (i) set aside, by a vote of two-thirds of the total number of Governors, representing at least three-fourths of the total voting power of the members, not more than ten (10) percent each of the portion of the unimpaired paid-in capital of the Bank paid by members pursuant to paragraph 2(a) of Article 6 and of the portion thereof paid pursuant to paragraph 2(b) of Article 6, and establish therewith one or more Special Funds; and

    • (ii) accept the administration of Special Funds which are designed to serve the purpose and come within the functions of the Bank.

    2. Special Funds established by the Bank pursuant to paragraph 1(i) of this Article may be used to guarantee or make loans of high developmental priority, with longer maturities, longer deferred commencement of repayment and lower interest rates than those established by the Bank for its ordinary operations. Such Funds may also be used on such other terms and conditions, not inconsistent with the applicable provisions of this Agreement nor with the character of such Funds as revolving funds, as the Bank in establishing such Funds may direct.

    3. Special Funds accepted by the Bank under paragraph 1(ii) of this Article may be used in any manner and on any terms and conditions not inconsistent with the purpose of the Bank and with the agreement relating to such Funds.

    4. The Bank shall adopt such special rules and regulations as may be required for the establishment, administration and use of each Special Fund. Such rules and regulations shall be consistent with the provisions of this Agreement, excepting those provisions expressly applicable only to ordinary operations of the Bank.

Article 20 Special Funds Resources
  • As used in this Agreement, the term Special Funds resources shall refer to the resources of any Special Fund and shall include:

    • (a) resources set aside from the paid-in capital to a Special Fund or otherwise initially contributed to any Special Fund;

    • (b) funds accepted by the Bank for inclusion in any Special Fund;

    • (c) funds repaid in respect of loans or guarantees financed from the resources of any Special Fund which, under the rules and regulations of the Bank governing that Special Fund, are received by such Special Fund;

    • (d) income derived from operations of the Bank in which any of the aforementioned resources or funds are used or committed if, under the rules and regulations of the Bank governing the Special Fund concerned, that income accrues to such Special Fund; and

    • (e) any other resources placed at the disposal of any Special Fund.

IV
Borrowing and Other Miscellaneous Powers

Article 21 General Powers
  • In addition to the powers specified elsewhere in this Agreement, the Bank shall have the power to:

    • (i) borrow funds in member countries or elsewhere, and in this connection to furnish such collateral or other security therefor as the Bank shall determine, provided always that:

      • (a) before making a sale of its obligations in the territory of a country, the Bank shall have obtained its approval;

      • (b) where the obligations of the Bank are to be denominated in the currency of a member, the Bank shall have obtained its approval;

      • (c) the Bank shall obtain the approval of the countries referred to in subparagraphs (a) and (b) of this paragraph that the proceeds may be exchanged for the currency of any member without restriction; and

      • (d) before determining to sell its obligations in a particular country, the Bank shall consider the amount of previous borrowing, if any, in that country, the amount of previous borrowing in other countries, and the possible availability of funds in such other countries; and shall give due regard to the general principle that its borrowings should to the greatest extent possible be diversified as to country of borrowing;

    • (ii) buy and sell securities the Bank has issued or guaranteed or in which it has invested, provided always that it shall have obtained the approval of any country in whose territory the securities are to be bought or sold;

    • (iii) guarantee securities in which it has invested in order to facilitate their sale;

    • (iv) Underwrite, or participate in the underwriting of, securities issued by any entity or enterprise for purposes consistent with the purpose of the Bank;

    • (v) invest funds, not needed in its operations, in the territories of members in such obligations of members or nationals thereof as it may determine, and invest funds held by the Bank for pensions or similar purposes in the territories of members in marketable securities issued by members or nationals thereof;

    • (vi) provide technical advice and assistance which serve its purpose and come within its functions, and where expenditures incurred in furnishing such services are not reimbursable, charge the net income of the Bank therewith; in the first five (5) years of its operations, the Bank may use up to two (2) percent of its paid-in capital for furnishing such services on a non-reimbursable basis; and

    • (vii) exercise such other powers and establish such rules and regulations as may be necessary or appropriate in furtherance of its purposes and functions, consistent with the provisions of this Agreement.

Article 22 Notice to be Placed on Securities
  • Every security issued or guaranteed by the Bank shall bear on its face a conspicuous statement to the effect that it is not an obligation of any Government, unless it is in fact the obligation of a particular Government, in which case it shall so state.

V
Currencies

Article 23 Determination of Convertibility
  • Whenever it shall become necessary under this Agreement to determine whether any currency is convertible, such determination shall be made by the Bank after consultation with the International Monetary Fund.

Article 24 Use of Currencies
  • 1. Members may not maintain or impose any restrictions on the holding or use by the Bank or by any recipient from the Bank, for payments in any country, of the following:

    • (i) gold or convertible currencies received by the Bank in payment of subscriptions to its capital stock, other than that paid to the Bank by members pursuant to paragraph 2(b) of Article 6 and restricted pursuant to paragraphs 2(i) and (ii) of this Article;

    • (ii) currencies of members purchased with the gold or convertible currencies referred to in the preceding subparagraph;

    • (iii) currencies obtained by the Bank by borrowing, pursuant to subparagraph (i) of Article 21 of this Agreement, for inclusion in its ordinary capital resources;

    • (iv) gold or currencies received by the Bank in payment on account of principal, interest, dividends or other charges in respect of loans or investments made out of any of the funds referred to in subparagraphs (i) to (iii) of this paragraph or in payment of fees in respect of guarantees made by the Bank; and

    • (v) currencies, other than the member's own currency, received by the member from the Bank in distribution of the net income of the Bank in accordance with Article 40 of this Agreement.

    2. Members may not maintain or impose any restriction on the holding or use by the Bank or by any recipient from the Bank, for payments in any country, of currency of a member received by the Bank which does not come within the provisions of the preceding paragraph, unless:

    • (i) a developing member country, after consultation with and subject to periodic review by the Bank, restricts in whole or in part the use of such currency to payments for goods or services produced and intended for use in its territory; or

    • (ii) any other member whose subscription has been determined in Part A of Annex A hereof and whose exports of industrial products do not represent a substantial proportion of its total exports, deposits with its instrument of ratification or acceptance a declaration that it desires the use of the portion of its subscription paid pursuant to paragraph 2(b) of Article 6 to be restricted, in whole or in part, to payments for goods or services produced in its territory: provided that such restrictions be subject to periodic review by and consultation with the Bank and that any purchases of goods or services in the territory of that member, subject to the usual consideration of competitive tendering, shall be first charged against the portion of its subscription paid pursuant to paragraph 2(b) of Article 6; or

    • (iii) such currency forms part of the Special Funds resources of the Bank available under paragraph 1(ii) of Article 19 and its use is subject to special rules and regulations.

    3. Members may not maintain or impose any restrictions on the holding or use by the Bank, for making amortisation payments or anticipatory payments or for repurchasing in whole or in part the Bank's own obligations, of currencies received by the Bank in repayment of direct loans made out of its ordinary capital resources, provided, however, that until the Bank's subscribed callable capital stock has been entirely called, such holding or use shall be subject to any limitations imposed pursuant to paragraph 2(i) of this Article except in respect of obligations payable in the currency of the member concerned.

    4. Gold or currencies held by the Bank shall not be used by the Bank to purchase other currencies of members or non-members except:

    • (i) in order to meet its obligations in the ordinary course of its business; or

    • (ii) pursuant to a decision of the Board of Directors adopted by a vote of the Directors representing not less than two-thirds of the total voting power of the members.

    5. Nothing herein contained shall prevent the Bank from using the currency of any member for administrative expenses incurred by the Bank in the territory of such member.

Article 25 Maintenance of Value of the Currency Holdings of the Bank
  • 1. Whenever (a) the par value in the International Monetary Fund of the currency of a member is reduced in terms of the dollar defined in Article 4 of this Agreement, or (b) in the opinion of the Bank, after consultation with the International Monetary Fund, the foreign exchange value of a member's currency has depreciated to a significant extent, that member shall pay to the Bank within a reasonable time an additional amount of its currency required to maintain the value of all such currency held by the Bank, excepting (a) currency derived by the Bank from its borrowings and (b) unless otherwise provided in the agreement establishing such Funds, Special Funds resources accepted by the Bank under paragraph 1(ii) of Article 19.

    2. Whenever (a) the par value in the International Monetary Fund of the currency of a member is increased in terms of the said dollar, or (b) in the opinion of the Bank, after consultation with the International Monetary Fund, the foreign exchange value of a member's currency has appreciated to a significant extent, the Bank shall pay to that member within a reasonable time an amount of that currency required to adjust the value of all such currency held by the Bank excepting (a) currency derived by the Bank from borrowings, and (b) unless otherwise provided in the agreement establishing such Funds, Special Funds resources accepted by the Bank under paragraph 1(ii) of Article 19.

    3. The Bank may waive the provisions of this Article when a uniform proportionate change in the par value of the currencies of all its members takes place.

VI
Organisation and Management

Article 26 Structure
  • The Bank shall have a Board of Governors, a Board of Directors, a President, one or more Vice-Presidents and such other officers and staff as may be considered necessary.

Article 27 Board of Governors: Composition
  • 1. Each member shall be represented on the Board of Governors and shall appoint one Governor and one Alternate. Each Governor and Alternate shall serve at the pleasure of the appointing member. No Alternate may vote except in the absence of his principal. At its annual meeting, the Board shall designate one of the Governors as Chairman who shall hold office until the election of the next Chairman and the next annual meeting of the Board.

    2. Governors and Alternates shall serve as such without remuneration from the Bank, but the Bank may pay them reasonable expenses incurred in attending meetings.

Article 28 Board of Governors: Powers
  • 1. All the powers of the Bank shall be vested in the Board of Governors.

    2. The Board of Governors may delegate to the Board of Directors any or all its powers, except the power to:

    • (i) admit new members and determine the conditions of their admission;

    • (ii) increase or decrease the authorised capital stock of the Bank;

    • (iii) suspend a member;

    • (iv) decide appeals from interpretations or applications of this Agreement given by the Board of Directors;

    • (v) authorise the conclusion of general agreements for co-operation with other international organisations;

    • (vi) elect the Directors and the President of the Bank;

    • (vii) determine the remuneration of the Directors and their Alternates and the salary and other terms of the contract of service of the President;

    • (viii) approve, after reviewing the auditors' report, the general balance sheet and the statement of profit and loss of the Bank;

    • (ix) determine the reserves and the distribution of the net profits of the Bank;

    • (x) amend this Agreement;

    • (xi) decide to terminate the operations of the Bank and to distribute its assets; and

    • (xii) exercise such other powers as are expressly assigned to the Board of Governors in this Agreement.

    3. The Board of Governors shall retain full power to exercise authority over any matter delegated to the Board of Directors under paragraph 2 of this Article.

    4. For the purposes of this Agreement, the Board of Governors may, by a vote of two-thirds of the total number of Governors, representing not less than three-fourths of the total voting power of the members, from time to time determine which countries or members of the Bank are to be regarded as developed or developing countries or members, taking into account appropriate economic considerations.

Article 29 Board of Governors: Procedure
  • 1. The Board of Governors shall hold an annual meeting and such other meetings as may be provided for by the Board or called by the Board of Directors. Meetings of the Board of Governors shall be called, by the Board of Directors, whenever requested by five (5) members of the Bank.

    2. A majority of the Governors shall constitute a quorum for any meeting of the Board of Governors, provided such majority represents not less than two-thirds of the total voting power of the members.

    3. The Board of Governors may by regulation establish a procedure whereby the Board of Directors may, when the latter deems such action advisable, obtain a vote of the Governors on a specific question without calling a meeting of the Board of Governors.

    4. The Board of Governors, and the Board of Directors to the extent authorised, may establish such subsidiary bodies as may be necessary or appropriate to conduct the business of the Bank.

Article 30 Board of Directors: Composition
  • 1. 

    • (i) The Board of Directors shall be composed of ten (10) members who shall not be members of the Board of Governors, and of whom:

      • (a) seven (7) shall be elected by the Governors representing regional members; and

      • (b) three (3) by the Governors representing non-regional members.

      Directors shall be persons of high competence in economic and financial matters and shall be elected in accordance with Annex B hereof.

    • (ii) At the Second Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors after its inaugural meeting, the Board of Governors shall review the size and composition of the Board of Directors, and shall increase the number of Directors as appropriate, paying special regard to the desirability, in the circumstances at that time, of increasing representation in the Board of Directors of smaller less developed member countries. Decisions under this paragraph should be made by a vote of majority of the total number of Governors, representing not less than two-thirds of the total voting power of the members.

    2. Each Director shall appoint an Alternate with full power to act for him when he is not present. Directors and Alternates shall be nationals of member countries. No 2 or more Directors may be of the same nationality nor may any 2 or more Alternates be of the same nationality. An Alternate may participate in meetings of the Board but may vote only when he is acting in place of his principal.

    3. Directors shall hold office for a term of two (2) years and may be re-elected. They shall continue in office until their successors shall have been chosen and qualified. If the office of a Director becomes vacant more than one hundred and eighty (180) days before the end of his term, a successor shall be chosen in accordance with Annex B hereof, for the remainder of the term, by the Governors who elected the former Director. A majority of the votes cast by such Governors shall be required for such election. If the office of a Director becomes vacant one hundred and eighty (180) days or less before the end of his term, a successor may similarly be chosen for the remainder of the term, by the Governors who elected the former Director, in which election a majority of the votes cast by such Governors shall be required. While the office remains vacant, the Alternate of the former Director shall exercise the powers of the latter, except that of appointing an Alternate.

Article 31 Board of Directors: Powers
  • The Board of Directors shall be responsible for the direction of the general operations of the Bank and, for this purpose, shall, in addition to the powers assigned to it expressly by this Agreement, exercise all the powers delegated to it by the Board of Governors, and in particular:

    • (i) prepare the work of the Board of Governors;

    • (ii) in conformity with the general directions of the Board of Governors, take decisions concerning loans, guarantees, investments in equity capital, borrowing by the Bank, furnishing of technical assistance and other operations of the Bank;

    • (iii) submit the accounts for each financial year for approval of the Board of Governors at each annual meeting; and

    • (iv) approve the budget of the Bank.

Article 32 Board of Directors: Procedure
  • 1. The Board of Directors shall normally function at the principal office of the Bank and shall meet as often as the business of the Bank may require.

    2. A majority of the Directors shall constitute a quorum for any meeting of the Board of Directors, provided such majority represents not less than two-thirds of the total voting power of the members.

    3. The Board of Governors shall adopt regulations under which, if there is no Director of its nationality, a member may send a representative to attend, without right to vote, any meeting of the Board of Directors when a matter particularly affecting that member is under consideration.

Article 33 Voting
  • 1. The total voting power of each member shall consist of the sum of its basic votes and proportional votes.

    • (i) The basic votes of each member shall consist of such number of votes as results from the equal distribution among all the members of twenty (20) percent of the aggregate sum of the basic votes and proportional votes of all the members:

    • (ii) The number of the proportional votes of each member shall be equal to the number of shares of the capital stock of the Bank held by that member.

    2. In voting in the Board of Governors, each Governor shall be entitled to cast the votes of the member he represents. Except as otherwise expressly provided in this Agreement, all matters before the Board of Governors shall be decided by a majority of the voting power represented at the meeting.

    3. In voting in the Board of Directors, each Director shall be entitled to cast the number of votes that counted towards his election which votes need not be cast as a unit. Except as otherwise expressly provided in this Agreement, all matters before the Board of Directors shall be decided by a majority of the voting power represented at the meeting

Article 34 The President
  • 1. The Board of Governors, by a vote of a majority of the total number of Governors, representing not less than a majority of the total voting power of the members, shall elect a President of the Bank. He shall be a national of a regional member country. The President, while holding office, shall not be a Governor or a Director or an Alternate for either.

    2. The term of office of the President shall be five (5) years. He may be re-elected. He shall, however, cease to hold office when the Board of Governors so decides by a vote of two-thirds of the total number of Governors, representing not less than two-thirds of the total voting power of the members. If the office of the President for any reason becomes vacant more than one hundred and eighty (180) days before the end of his term, a successor shall be elected for the unexpired portion of such term by the Board of Governors in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article. If such office for any reason becomes vacant one hundred and eighty (180) days or less before the end of the term, a successor may similarly be elected for the unexpired portion of such term by the Board of Governors.

    3. The President shall be Chairman of the Board of Directors but shall have no vote, except a deciding vote in case of an equal division. He may participate in meetings of the Board of Governors but shall not vote.

    4. The President shall be the legal representative of the Bank.

    5. The President shall be chief of the staff of the Bank and shall conduct, under the direction of the Board of Directors, the current business of the Bank. He shall be responsible for the organisation, appointment and dismissal of the officers and staff in accordance with regulations adopted by the Board of Directors.

    6. In appointing the officers and staff, the President shall, subject to the paramount importance of securing the highest standards of efficiency and technical competence, pay due regard to the recruitment of personnel on as wide a regional geographical basis as possible.

Article 35 Vice-President(s)
  • 1. One or more Vice-Presidents shall be appointed by the Board of Directors on the recommendation of the President. Vice-President(s) shall hold office for such term, exercise such authority and perform such functions in the administration of the Bank, as may be determined by the Board of Directors. In the absence or incapacity of the President, the Vice-President or, if there be more than one, the ranking Vice-President, shall exercise the authority and perform the functions of the President.

    2. Vice-President(s) may participate in meetings of the Board of Directors but shall have no vote at such meetings, except that the Vice-President or ranking Vice-President, as the case may be, shall cast the deciding vote when acting in place of the President.

Article 36 Prohibition of Political Activity: The International Character of the Bank
  • 1. The Bank shall not accept loans or assistance that may in any way prejudice, limit, deflect or otherwise alter its purpose or functions.

    2. The Bank, its President, Vice-President(s), officers and staff shall not interfere in the political affairs of any member, nor shall they be influenced in their decisions by the political character of the member concerned. Only economic considerations shall be relevant to their decisions. Such considerations shall be weighed impartially in order to achieve and carry out the purpose and functions of the Bank.

    3. The President, Vice-President(s), officers and staff of the Bank, in the discharge of their offices, owe their duty entirely to the Bank and to no other authority. Each member of the Bank shall respect the international character of this duty and shall refrain from all attempts to influence any of them in the discharge of their duties.

Article 37 Office of the Bank
  • 1. The principal office of the Bank shall be located in Manila, Philippines.

    2. The Bank may establish agencies or branch offices elsewhere.

Article 38 Channel of Communications, Depositories
  • 1. Each member shall designate an appropriate official entity with which the Bank may communicate in connexion with any matter arising under this Agreement.

    2. Each member shall designate its central bank, or such other agency as may be agreed upon with the Bank, as a depository with which the Bank may kept its holdings of currency of that member as well as other assets of the Bank.

Article 39 Working Language, Reports
  • 1. The working language of the Bank shall be English.

    2. The Bank shall transmit to its members an Annual Report containing an audited statement of its accounts and shall publish such Report. It shall also transmit quarterly to its members a summary statement of its financial position and a profit and loss statement showing the results of its operations.

    3. The Bank may also publish such other reports as it deems desirable in the carrying out of its purpose and functions. Such reports shall be transmitted to the members of the Bank.

Article 40 Allocation of Net Income
  • 1. The Board of Governors shall determine annually what part of the net income of the Bank, including the net income accruing to Special Funds, shall be allocated, after making provision for reserves, to surplus and what part, if any, shall be distributed to the members.

    2. The distribution referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be made in proportion to the number of shares held by each member.

    3. Payments shall be made in such manner and in such currency as the Board of Governors shall determine.

VII
Withdrawal and Suspension of Members, Temporary Suspension and Termination of Operations of the Bank

Article 41 Withdrawal
  • 1. Any member may withdraw from the Bank at any time by delivering a notice in writing to the Bank at its principal office.

    2. Withdrawal by a member shall become effective, and its membership shall cease, on the date specified in its notice but in no event less than six (6) months after the date that notice has been received by the Bank. However, at any time before the withdrawal becomes finally effective, the member may notify the Bank in writing of the cancellation of its notice of intention to withdraw.

    3. A withdrawing member shall remain liable for all direct and contingent obligations to the Bank to which it was subject at the date of delivery of the withdrawal notice. If the withdrawal becomes finally effective, the member shall not incur any liability for obligations resulting from operations of the Bank effected after the date on which the withdrawal notice was received by the Bank.

Article 42 Suspension of Membership
  • 1. If a member fails to fulfil any of its obligations to the Bank, the Board of Governors may suspend such member by a vote of two-thirds of the total number of Governors, representing not less than three-fourths of the total voting power of the members.

    2. The member so suspended shall automatically cease to be a member of the Bank one (1) year from the date of its suspension unless the Board of Governors, during that one-year period, decides by the same majority necessary for suspension to restore the member to good standing.

    3. While under suspension, a member shall not be entitled to exercise any rights under this Agreement, except the right of withdrawal, but shall remain subject to all its obligations.

Article 43 Settlement of Accounts
  • 1. After the date on which a country ceases to be a member, it shall remain liable for its direct obligations to the Bank and for its contingent liabilities to the Bank so long as any part of the loans or guarantees contracted before it ceased to be a member is outstanding; but it shall not incur liabilities with respect to loans and guarantees entered into thereafter by the Bank nor share either in the income or the expenses of the Bank.

    2. At the time a country ceases to be a member, the Bank shall arrange for the repurchase of such country's shares by the Bank as a part of the settlement of accounts with such country in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 3 and 4 of this Article. For this purpose, the repurchase price of the shares shall be the value shown by the books of the Bank on the date the country ceases to be a member.

    3. The payment for shares repurchased by the Bank under this Article shall be governed by the following conditions:

    • (i) Any amount due to the country concerned for its shares shall be withheld so long as that country, its central bank or any of its agencies, instrumentalities or political subdivisions remains liable, as borrower or guarantor, to the Bank and such amount may, at the option of the Bank, be applied on any such liability as it matures. No amount shall be withheld on account of the contingent liability of the country for future calls on its subscription for shares in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article 6 of this Agreement. In any event, no amount due to a member for its shares shall be paid until six (6) months after the date on which the country ceases to be a member:

    • (ii) Payments for shares may be made from time to time, upon surrender of the corresponding stock certificates by the country concerned, to the extent by which the amount due as the repurchase price in accordance with paragraph 2 of this Article exceeds the aggregate amount of liabilities on loans and guarantees referred to in subparagraph (i) of this paragraph, until the former member has received the full repurchase price:

    • (iii) Payments shall be made in such available currencies as the Bank determines, taking into account its financial position:

    • (iv) If losses are sustained by the Bank on any guarantees or loans which were outstanding on the date when a country ceased to be a member and the amount of such losses exceeds the amount of the reserve provided against losses on that date, the country concerned shall repay, upon demand, the amount by which the repurchase price of its shares would have been reduced if the losses had been taken into account when the repurchase price was determined. In addition, the former member shall remain liable on any call for unpaid subscriptions in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article 6 of this Agreement, to the same extent that it would have been required to respond if the impairment of capital had occurred and the call had been made at the time the repurchase price of its shares was determined.

    4. If the Bank terminates its operations pursuant to Article 45 of this Agreement within six (6) months of the date upon which any country ceases to be a member, all rights of the country concerned shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of Articles 45 to 47 of this Agreement. Such country shall be considered as still a member for purposes of such Articles but shall have no voting rights.

Article 44 Temporary Suspension of Operations
  • In an emergency, the Board of Directors may temporarily suspend operations in respect of new loans and guarantees, pending an opportunity for further consideration and action by the Board of Governors.

Article 45 Termination of Operations
  • 1. The Bank may terminate its operations by a resolution of the Board of Governors approved by a vote of two-thirds of the total number of Governors, representing not less than three-fourths of the total voting power of the members.

    2. After such termination, the Bank shall forthwith cease all activities, except those incident to the orderly realisation, conservation and preservation of its assets and settlement of its obligations.

Article 46 Liability of Members and Payment of Claims
  • 1. In the event of termination of the operations of the Bank, the liability of all members for uncalled subscriptions to the capital stock of the Bank and in respect of the depreciation of their currencies shall continue until all claims of creditors, including all contingent claims, shall have been discharged.

    2. All creditors holding direct claims shall first be paid out of the assets of the Bank and then out of payments to the Bank on unpaid or callable subscriptions. Before making any payments to creditors holding direct claims, the Board of Directors shall make such arrangements as are necessary, in its judgment, to ensure a pro rata distribution among holders of direct and contingent claims.

Article 47 Distribution of Assets
  • 1. No distribution of assets shall be made to members on account of their subscriptions to the capital stock of the Bank until all liabilities to creditors shall have been discharged or provided for. Moreover, such distribution must be approved by the Board of Governors by a vote of two-thirds of the total number of Governors, representing not less than three-fourths of the total voting power of the members.

    2. Any distribution of the assets of the Bank to the members shall be in proportion to the capital stock held by each member and shall be effected at such times and under such conditions as the Bank shall deem fair and equitable. The shares of assets distributed need not be uniform as to type of asset. No member shall be entitled to receive its share in such a distribution of assets until it has settled all of its obligations to the Bank.

    3. Any member receiving assets distributed pursuant to this Article shall enjoy the same rights with respect to such assets as the Bank enjoyed prior to their distribution.

VIII
Status, Immunities, Exemptions and Privileges

Article 48 Purpose of Chapter
  • To enable the Bank effectively to fulfil its purpose and carry out the functions entrusted to it, the status, immunities, exemptions and privileges set forth in this Chapter shall be accorded to the Bank in the territory of each member.

Article 49 Legal Status
  • The Bank shall possess full juridical personality and, in particular, full capacity:

    • (i) to contract;

    • (ii) to acquire, and dispose of, immovable and movable property; and

    • (iii) to institute legal proceedings.

Article 50 Immunity from Judicial Proceedings
  • 1. The Bank shall enjoy immunity from every form of legal process, except in cases arising out of or in connection with the exercise of its powers to borrow money, to guarantee obligations, or to buy and sell or underwrite the sale of securities, in which cases actions may be brought against the Bank in a court of competent jurisdiction in the territory of a country in which the Bank has its principal or a branch office, or has appointed an agent for the purpose of accepting service or notice of process, or has issued or guaranteed securities.

    2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article, no action shall be brought against the Bank by any member, or by any agency or instrumentality of a member, or by any entity or person directly or indirectly acting for or deriving claims from a member or from any agency or instrumentality of a member. Members shall have recourse to such special procedures for the settlement of controversies between the Bank and its members as may be prescribed in this Agreement, in the bylaws and regulations of the Bank, or in contracts entered into with the Bank.

    3. Property and assets of the Bank shall, wheresoever located and by whomsoever held, be immune from all forms of seizure, attachment or execution before the delivery of final judgment against the Bank.

Article 51 Immunity of Assets
  • Property and assets of the Bank, wheresoever located and by whomsoever held, shall be immune from search, requisition, confiscation, expropriation or any other form of taking or foreclosure by executive or legislative action.

Article 52 Immunity of Archives
  • The archives of the Bank and, in general, all documents belonging to it, or held by it, shall be inviolable, wherever located.

Article 53 Freedom of Assets from Restrictions
  • To the extent necessary to carry out the purpose and functions of the Bank effectively, and subject to the provisions of this Agreement, all property and assets of the Bank shall be free from restrictions, regulations, controls and moratoria of any nature.

Article 54 Privilege for Communications
  • Official communications of the Bank shall be accorded by each member treatment not less favourable than that it accords to the official communications of any other member.

Article 55 Immunities and Privileges of Bank Personnel
  • All Governors, Directors, Alternates, officers and employees of the Bank, including experts performing missions for the Bank:

    • (i) shall be immune from legal process with respect to acts performed by them in their official capacity, except when the Bank waives the immunity;

    • (ii) where they are not local citizens or nationals, shall be accorded the same immunities from immigration restrictions, alien registration requirements and national service obligations, and the same facilities as regards exchange regulations, as are accorded by members to the representatives, officials and employees of comparable rank of other members; and

    • (iii) shall be granted the same treatment in respect of travelling facilities as is accorded by members to representatives, officials and employees of comparable rank of other members.

Article 56 Exemption from Taxation
  • 1. The Bank, its assets, property, income and its operations and transactions, shall be exempt from all taxation and from all customs duties. The Bank shall also be exempt from any obligation for the payment, withholding or collection of any tax or duty.

    2. No tax shall be levied on or in respect of salaries and emoluments paid by the Bank to Directors, Alternates, officers or employees of the Bank, including experts performing missions for the Bank, except where a member deposits with its instrument of ratification or acceptance a declaration that such member retains for itself and its political subdivisions the right to tax salaries and emoluments paid by the Bank to citizens or nationals of such member.

    3. No tax of any kind shall be levied on any obligation or security issued by the Bank, including any dividend or interest thereon, by whomsoever held:

    • (i) which discriminates against such obligation or security solely because it is issued by the Bank; or

    • (ii) if the sole jurisdictional basis for such taxation is the place or currency in which it is issued, made payable or paid, or the location of any office or place of business maintained by the Bank.

    4. No tax of any kind shall be levied on any obligation or security guaranteed by the Bank, including any dividend or interest thereon, by whomsoever held:

    • (i) which discriminates against such obligation or security solely because it is guaranteed by the Bank; or

    • (ii) If the sole jurisdictional basis for such taxation is the location of any office or place of business maintained by the Bank.

Article 57 Implementation
  • Each member, in accordance with its juridical system, shall promptly take such action as is necessary to make effective in its own territory the provisions set forth in this Chapter and shall inform the Bank of the action which it has taken on the matter.

Article 58 Waiver of Immunities, Exemptions and Privileges
  • The Bank at its discretion may waive any of the privileges, immunities and exemptions conferred under this Chapter in any case or instance, in such manner and upon such conditions as it may determine to be appropriate in the best interests of the Bank.

IX
Amendments, Interpretation, Arbitration

Article 59 Amendments
  • 1. This Agreement may be amended only by a resolution of the Board of Governors approved by a vote of two-thirds of the total number of Governors, representing not less than three-fourths of the total voting power of the members.

    2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article, the unanimous agreement of the Board of Governors shall be required for the approval of any amendment modifying:

    • (i) the right to withdraw from the Bank;

    • (ii) the limitations on liability provided in paragraphs 6 and 7 of Article 5; and

    • (iii) the rights pertaining to purchase of capital stock provided in paragraph 2 of Article 5.

    3. Any proposal to amend this Agreement, whether emanating from a member or the Board of Directors, shall be communicated to the Chairman of the Board of Governors, who shall bring the proposal before the Board of Governors. When an amendment has been adopted, the Bank shall so certify in an official communication addressed to all members. Amendments shall enter into force for all members three (3) months after the date of the official communication unless the Board of Governors specifies therein a different period.

Article 60 Interpretation or Application
  • 1. Any question of interpretation or application of the provisions of this Agreement arising between any member and the Bank, or between 2 or more members of the Bank, shall be submitted to the Board of Directors for decision. If there is no Director of its nationality on that Board, a member particularly affected by the question under consideration shall be entitled to direct representation in the Board of Directors during such consideration; the representative of such member shall, however, have no vote. Such right of representation shall be regulated by the Board of Governors.

    2. In any case where the Board of Directors has given a decision under paragraph 1 of this Article, any member may require that the question be referred to the Board of Governors, whose decision shall be final. Pending the decision of the Board of Governors, the Bank may, so far as it deems it necessary, act on the basis of the decision of the Board of Directors.

Article 61 Arbitration
  • If a disagreement should arise between the Bank and a country which has ceased to be a member, or between the Bank and any member, after adoption of a resolution to terminate the operations of the Bank, such disagreement shall be submitted to arbitration by a tribunal of 3 arbitrators. One of the arbitrators shall be appointed by the Bank, another by the country concerned, and a third, unless the parties otherwise agree, by the President of the International Court of Justice or such other authority as may have been prescribed by regulations adopted by the Board of Governors. A majority vote of the arbitrators shall be sufficient to reach a decision which shall be final and binding upon the parties. The third arbitrator shall be empowered to settle all questions of procedure in any case where the parties are in disagreement with respect thereto.

Article 62 Approval Deemed Given
  • Whenever the approval of any member is required before any act may be done by the Bank, approval shall be deemed to have been given unless the member presents an objection within such reasonable period as the Bank may fix in notifying the member of the proposed act.

X
Final Provisions

Article 63 Signature and Deposit
  • 1. The original of this Agreement in a single copy in the English language shall remain open for signature at the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East, in Bangkok, until 31 January 1966 by Governments of countries listed in Annex A to this Agreement. This document shall thereafter be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations (hereinafter called the Depository).

    2. The Depository shall send certified copies of this Agreement to all the Signatories and other countries which become members of the Bank.

Article 64 Ratification or Acceptance
  • 1. This Agreement shall be subject to ratification or acceptance by the Signatories. Instruments of ratification or acceptance shall be deposited with the Depository not later than 30 September 1966. The Depository shall duly notify the other Signatories of each deposit and the date thereof.

    2. A Signatory whose instrument of ratification or acceptance is deposited before the date on which this Agreement enters into force, shall become a member of the Bank on that date. Any other Signatory which complies with the provisions of the preceding paragraph, shall become a member of the Bank on the date on which its instrument of ratification or acceptance is deposited.

Article 65 Entry into Force
  • This Agreement shall enter into force when instruments of ratification or acceptance have been deposited by at least fifteen (15) Signatories (including not less than ten [10] regional countries) whose initial subscriptions, as set forth in Annex A to this Agreement, in the aggregate comprise not less than sixty-five (65) percent of the authorised capital stock of the Bank.

Article 66 Commencement of Operations
  • 1. As soon as this Agreement enters into force, each member shall appoint a Governor, and the Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East shall call the inaugural meeting of the Board of Governors.

    2. At its inaugural meeting, the Board of Governors:

    • (i) shall make arrangements for the election of Directors of the Bank in accordance with paragraph 1 of Article 30 of this Agreement; and

    • (ii) shall make arrangements for the determination of the date on which the Bank shall commence its operations.

    3. The Bank shall notify its members of the date of the commencement of its operations.

Done at the City of Manila, Philippines, on 4 December 1965, in a single copy in the English language which shall be brought to the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East, Bangkok, and thereafter deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, New York, in accordance with Article 63 of this Agreement.

Schedule A
Initial Subscriptions to the Authorised Capital Stock for Countries Which May Become Members in Accordance With Article 64

A
Regional Countries

I
CountryAmount of subscription
 (in million US dollars)
1. Afghanistan3.36
2. Australia85.00
3. Cambodia3.00
4. Ceylon8.52
5. China, Republic of16.00
6. India93.00
7. Iran60.00
8. Japan200.00
9. Korea, Republic of30.00
10. Laos0.42
11. Malaysia20.00
12. Nepal2.16
13. New Zealand22.56
14. Pakistan32.00
15. Philippines35.00
16. Republic of Viet-Nam7.00
17. Singapore4.00
18. Thailand20.00
19. Western Samoa0.06
Total642.08
  
II
The following regional countries may become Signatories of this Agreement in accordance with Article 63, provided that at the time of signing, they shall respectively subscribe to the capital stock of the Bank in the following amounts:
CountryAmount of subscription
 (in million US dollars)
1. Burma7.74
2. Mongolia0.18
Total7.92

B
Non-Regional Countries

I
CountryAmount of subscription
 (in million US dollars)
1. Belgium5.00
2. Canada25.00
3. Denmark5.00
4. Germany, Federal Republic of30.00
5. Italy10.00
6. Netherlands11.00
7. United Kingdom10.00
8. United States200.00
 296.00
II
The following non-regional countries which participated in the meeting of the Preparatory Committee on the Asian Development Bank in Bangkok from 21 October to 1 November 1965 and which there indicated interest in membership in the Bank, may become Signatories of this Agreement in accordance with Article 63, provided that at the time of signing, each such country shall subscribe to the capital stock of the Bank in an amount which shall not be less than five million dollars ($5,000,000):
1. Austria 
2. Finland 
3. Norway 
4. Sweden 
  
III
On or before 31 Jaunary 1966, any of the non-regional countries listed in Part B(1) of this Annex may increase the amount of its subscription by so informing the Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East in Bangkok, provided, however, that the total amount of the initial subscriptions of the non-regional countries listed in Part B(I) and (II) of this Annex shall not exceed the amount of three hundred and fifty million dollars ($350,000,000).

Schedule B
Election of Directors

Section A Election of Directors by Governors Representing Regional Members
  • (1) Each Governor representing a regional member shall cast all votes of the member he represents for a single person.

    (2) The seven (7) persons receiving the highest number of votes shall be Directors, except that no person who receives less than ten (10) percent of the total voting power of regional members shall be considered as elected.

    (3) If seven (7) persons are not elected at the first ballot, a second ballot shall be held in which the person who received the lowest number of votes in the preceding ballot shall be ineligible and in which votes shall be cast only by:

    • (a) Governors who voted in the preceding ballot for a person who is not elected; and

    • (b) Governors whose votes for a person who is elected are deemed, in accordance with paragraph 4 of this Section, to have raised the votes cast for that person above eleven (11) percent of the total voting power of regional members.

    (4) 

    • (a) In determining whether the votes cast by a Governor shall be deemed to have raised the total number of votes for any person above eleven (11) percent, the said eleven (11) percent shall be deemed to include, first, the votes of the Governor casting the highest number of votes for that person, and then, in diminishing order, the votes of each Governor casting the next highest number until eleven (11) percent is attained.

    • (b) Any Governor, part of whose votes must be counted in order to raise the votes cast for any person above ten (10) percent, shall be considered as casting all his votes for that person even if the total number of votes cast for that person thereby exceeds (11) percent.

    (5) If, after the second ballot, seven (7) persons are not elected, further ballots shall be held in conformity with the principles and procedures laid down in this Section, except that after six (6) persons are elected, the seventh may be elected—notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (2) of this Section—by a simple majority of the remaining votes of regional members. All such remaining votes shall be deemed to have counted towards the election of the seventh Director.

    (6) In case of an increase in the number of Directors to be elected by Governors representing regional members, the minimum and maximum percentages specified in paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of Section A of this Annex shall be correspondingly adjusted by the Board of Governors.

Section B Election of Directors by Governors Representing Non-Regional Members
  • (1) Each Governor representing a non-regional member shall cast all votes of the member he represents for a single person.

    (2) The three (3) persons receiving the highest number of votes shall be Directors, except that no person who receives less than twenty-five (25) percent of the total voting power of non-regional members shall be considered as elected.

    (3) If three (3) persons are not elected at the first ballot, a second ballot shall be held in which the person who received the lowest number of votes in the preceding ballot shall be ineligible and in which votes shall be cast only by:

    • (a) Governors who voted in the preceding ballot for a person who is not elected; and

    • (b) Governors whose votes for a person who is elected are deemed, in accordance with paragraph (4) of this Section, to have raised the votes cast for that person above twenty-six (26) percent of the total voting power of non-regional members.

    (4) 

    • (a) In determining whether the votes cast by a Governor shall be deemed to have raised the total number of votes for any person above twenty-six (26) percent, the said twenty-six (26) percent shall be deemed to include, first, the votes of the Governor casting the highest number of votes for that person, and then, in diminishing order, the votes of each Governor casting the next highest number until twenty-six (26) percent is attained.

    • (b) Any Governor, part of whose votes must be counted in order to raise the votes cast for any person above twenty-six (26) percent, shall be considered as casting all his votes for that person even if the total number of votes cast for that person thereby exceeds twenty-six (26) percent.

    (5) If, after the second ballot, three (3) persons are not elected, further ballots shall be held in conformity with the principles and procedures laid down in this Section, except that after two (2) persons are elected, a third may be elected—provided that subscriptions from non-regional members shall have reached a minimum total of $345 million, and notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (2) of this Section—by a simple majority of the remaining votes. All such remaining votes shall be deemed to have counted towards the election of the third Director.

    (6) In case of an increase in the number of Directors to be elected by Governors representing non-regional members, the minimum and maximum percentages specified in paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of Section B of this Annex shall be correspondingly adjusted by the Board of Governors.

    (Here follow the signatures.)

Schedule 2

Sections 2, 4

Articles of Agreement of the International Development Association

  • Preamble

    The Governments on whose behalf this Agreement is signed, considering: that mutual co-operation for constructive economic purposes, healthy development of the world economy and balanced growth of international trade foster international relationships conducive to the maintenance of peace and world prosperity; that an acceleration of economic development which will promote higher standards of living and economic and social progress in the less-developed countries is desirable not only in the interests of those countries but also in the interests of the international community as a whole; that achievement of these objectives would be facilitated by an increase in the international flow of capital, public and private, to assist in the development of the resources of the less-developed countries, do hereby agree as follows:

Introductory Article
  • The International Development Association (hereinafter called the Association) is established and shall operate in accordance with the following provisions:

Article I Purposes
  • The purposes of the Association are to promote economic development, increase productivity and thus raise standards of living in the less-developed areas of the world included within the Association's membership, in particular by providing finance to meet their important developmental requirements on terms which are more flexible and bear less heavily on the balance of payments than those of conventional loans, thereby furthering the developmental objectives of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (hereinafter called the Bank) and supplementing its activities.

    The Association shall be guided in all its decisions by the provisions of this Article.

Article II Membership; Initial Subscriptions
  • Membership

    Section 1 

    • (a) The original members of the Association shall be those members of the Bank listed in Schedule A hereto which, on or before the date specified in Article XI, Section 2(c), accept membership in the Association.

    • (b) Membership shall be open to other members of the Bank at such times and in accordance with such terms as the Association may determine.

    Initial Subscriptions

    Section 2 

    • (a) Upon accepting membership, each member shall subscribe funds in the amount assigned to it. Such subscriptions are herein referred to as initial subscriptions.

    • (b) The initial subscription assigned to each original member shall be in the amount set forth opposite its name in Schedule A, expressed in terms of United States dollars of the weight and fineness in effect on January 1, 1960.

    • (c) Ten percent of the initial subscription of each original member shall be payable in gold or freely convertible currency as follows: 50 percent within 30 days after the date on which the Association shall begin operations pursuant to Article XI, Section 4, or on the date on which the original member becomes a member, whichever shall be later; 12 1/2 percent one year after the beginning of operations of the Association; and 12 1/2 percent each year thereafter at annual intervals until the 10 percent portion of the initial subscription shall have been paid in full.

    • (d) The remaining 90 percent of the initial subscription of each original member shall be payable in gold or freely convertible currency in the case of members listed in Part I of Schedule A, and in the currency of the subscribing member in the case of members listed in Part II of Schedule A. This 90 percent portion of initial subscriptions of original members shall be payable in 5 equal annual instalments as follows: the first such instalment within 30 days after the date on which the Association shall begin operations pursuant to Article XI, Section 4, or on the date on which the original member becomes a member, whichever shall be later; the second instalment one year after the beginning of operations of the Association, and succeeding instalments each year thereafter at annual intervals until the 90 percent portion of the initial subscription shall have been paid in full.

    • (e) The Association shall accept from any member, in place of any part of the member's currency paid in or payable by the member under the preceding subsection (d) or under Section 2 of Article IV and not needed by the Association in its operations, notes or similar obligations issued by the government of the member or the depository designated by such member, which shall be non-negotiable, non-interest-bearing and payable at their par value on demand to the account of the Association in the designated depository.

    • (f) For the purposes of this Agreement the Association shall regard as freely convertible currency:

      • (i) Currency of a member which the Association determines, after consultation with the International Monetary Fund, is adequately convertible into the currencies of other members for the purposes of the Association's operations; or

      • (ii) currency of a member which such member agrees, on terms satisfactory to the Association, to exchange for the currencies of other members for the purposes of the Association's operations.

    • (g) Except as the Association may otherwise agree, each member listed in Part I of Schedule A shall maintain, in respect of its currency paid in by it as freely convertible currency pursuant to subsection (d) of this Section, the same convertibility as existed at the time of payment.

    • (h) The conditions on which the initial subscriptions of members other than original members may be made, and the amounts and the terms of payment thereof, shall be determined by the Association pursuant to Section 1(b) of this Article.

    Limitation on Liability

    Section 3 No member shall be liable, by reason of its membership, for obligations of the Association.

Article III Additions to Resources
  • Additional Subscriptions

    Section 1 

    • (a) The Association shall at such time as it deems appropriate in the light of the schedule for completion of payments on initial subscriptions of original members, and at intervals of approximately 5 years thereafter, review the adequacy of its resources and, if it deems desirable, shall authorise a general increase in subscriptions. Notwithstanding the foregoing, general or individual increases in subscriptions may be authorised at any time, provided that an individual increase shall be considered only at the request of the member involved. Subscriptions pursuant to this Section are herein referred to as additional subscriptions.

    • (b) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (c) below, when additional subscriptions are authorised, the amounts authorised for subscription and the terms and conditions relating thereto shall be as determined by the Association.

    • (c) When any additional subscription is authorised, each member shall be given an opportunity to subscribe, under such conditions as shall be reasonably determined by the Association, an amount which will enable it to maintain its relative voting power, but no member shall be obligated to subscribe.

    • (d) All decisions under this Section shall be made by a two-third majority of the total voting power.

    Supplementary Resources Provided by a Member in the Currency of Another Member

    Section 2 

    • (a) The Association may enter into arrangements, on such terms and conditions consistent with the provisions of this Agreement as may be agreed upon, to receive from any member, in addition to the amounts payable by such member on account of its initial or any additional subscription, supplementary resources in the currency of another member, provided that the Association shall not enter into any such arrangement unless the Association is satisfied that the member whose currency is involved agrees to the use of such currency as supplementary resources and to the terms and conditions governing such use. The arrangements under which any such resources are received may include provisions regarding the disposition of earnings on the resources and regarding the disposition of the resources in the event that the member providing them ceases to be a member or the Association permanently suspends its operations.

    • (b) The Association shall deliver to the contributing member a Special Development Certificate setting forth the amount and currency of the resources so contributed and the terms and conditions of the arrangement relating to such resources. A Special Development Certificate shall not carry any voting rights and shall be transferable only to the Association.

    • (c) Nothing in this Section shall preclude the Association from accepting resources from a member in its own currency on such terms as may be agreed upon.

Article IV Currencies
  • Use of Currencies

    Section 1 

    • (a) Currency of any member listed in Part II of Schedule A, whether or not freely convertible, received by the Association pursuant to Article II, Section 2(d), in payment of the 90 percent portion payable thereunder in the currency of such member, and currency of such member derived therefrom as principal, interest or other charges, may be used by the Association for administrative expenses incurred by the Association in the territories of such member and, insofar as consistent with sound monetary policies, in payment for goods and services produced in the territories of such member and required for projects financed by the Association and located in such territories; and in addition when and to the extent justified by the economic and financial situation of the member concerned as determined by agreement between the member and the Association, such currency shall be freely convertible or otherwise usable for projects financed by the Association and located outside the territories of the member.

    • (b) The usability of currencies received by the Association in payment of subscriptions other than initial subscriptions of original members, and currencies derived therefrom as principal, interest or other charges, shall be governed by the terms and conditions on which such subscriptions are authorised.

    • (c) The usability of currencies received by the Association as supplementary resources other than subscriptions, and currencies derived therefrom as principal, interest or other charges, shall be governed by the terms of the arrangements pursuant to which such currencies are received.

    • (d) All other currencies received by the Association may be freely used and exchanged by the Association and shall not be subject to any restriction by the member whose currency is used or exchanged; provided that the foregoing shall not preclude the Association from entering into any arrangements with the member in whose territories any project financed by the Association is located restricting the use by the Association of such member's currency received as principal, interest or other charges in connection with such financing.

    • (e) The Association shall take appropriate steps to ensure that, over reasonable intervals of time, the portions of the subscriptions paid under Article II, Section 2(d) by members listed in Part I of Schedule A shall be used by the Association on an approximately pro rata basis, provided, however, that such portions of such subscriptions as are paid in gold or in a currency other than that of the subscribing member may be used more rapidly.

    Maintenance of Value of Currency Holdings

    Section 2 

    • (a) Whenever the par value of a member's currency is reduced or the foreign exchange value of a member's currency has, in the opinion of the Association, depreciated to a significant extent within that member's territories, the member shall pay to the Association within a reasonable time an additional amount of its own currency sufficient to maintain the value, as of the time of subscription, of the amount of the currency of such member paid in to the Association by the member under Article II, Section 2(d), and currency furnished under the provisions of the present paragraph, whether or not such currency is held in the form of notes accepted pursuant to Article II, Section 2(e), provided, however, that the foregoing shall apply only so long as and to the extent that such currency shall not have been initially disbursed or exchanged for the currency of another member.

    • (b) Whenever the par value of a member's currency is increased, or the foreign exchange value of a member's currency has, in the opinion of the Association, appreciated to a significant extent within that member's territories, the Association shall return to such member within a reasonable time an amount of that member's currency equal to the increase in the value of the amount of such currency to which the provisions of paragraph (a) of this Section are applicable.

    • (c) The provisions of the preceding paragraphs may be waived by the Association when a uniform proportionate change in the par value of the currencies of all its members is made by the International Monetary Fund.

    • (d) Amounts furnished under the provisions of paragraph (a) of this Section to maintain the value of any currency shall be convertible and usable to the same extent as such currency.

Article V Operations
  • Use of Resources and Conditions of Financing

    Section 1 

    • (a) The Association shall provide financing to further development in the less-developed areas of the world included within the Association's membership.

    • (b) Financing provided by the Association shall be for purposes which in the opinion of the Association are of high developmental priority in the light of the needs of the area or areas concerned and, except in special circumstances, shall be for specific projects.

    • (c) The Association shall not provide financing if in its opinion such financing is available from private sources on terms which are reasonable for the recipient or could be provided by a loan of the type made by the Bank.

    • (d) The Association shall not provide financing except upon the recommendation of a competent committee, made after a careful study of the merits of the proposal. Each such committee shall be appointed by the Association and shall include a nominee of the Governor or Governors representing the member or members in whose territories the project under consideration is located and one or more members of the technical staff of the Association. The requirement that the committee include the nominee of a Governor or Governors shall not apply in the case of financing provided to a public international or regional organisation.

    • (e) The Association shall not provide financing for any project if the member in whose territories the project is located objects to such financing, except that it shall not be necessary for the Association to assure itself that individual members do not object in the case of financing provided to a public international or regional organisation.

    • (f) The Association shall impose no conditions that the proceeds of its financing shall be spent in the territories of any particular member or members. The foregoing shall not preclude the Association from complying with any restrictions on the use of funds imposed in accordance with the provisions of these Articles, including restrictions attached to supplementary resources pursuant to agreement between the Association and the contributor.

    • (g) The Association shall make arrangements to ensure that the proceeds of any financing are used only for the purposes for which the financing was provided, with due attention to considerations of economy, efficiency and competitive international trade and without regard to political or other non-economic influences or considerations.

    • (h) Funds to be provided under any financing operation shall be made available to the recipient only to meet expenses in connection with the project as they are actually incurred.

    Form and Terms of Financing

    Section 2 

    • (a) Financing by the Association shall take the form of loans. The Association may, however, provide other financing, either:

      • (i) out of funds subscribed pursuant to Article III, Section 1, and funds derived therefrom as principal, interest or other charges, if the authorisation for such subscriptions expressly provides for such financing; or

      • (ii) in special circumstances, out of supplementary resources furnished to the Association, and funds derived therefrom as principal, interest or other charges, if the arrangements under which such resources are furnished expressly authorise such financing.

    • (b) Subject to the foregoing paragraph, the Association may provide financing in such forms and on such terms as it may deem appropriate, having regard to the economic position and prospects of the area or areas concerned and to the nature and requirements of the project.

    • (c) The Association may provide financing to a member, the government of a territory included within the Association's membership, a political subdivision of any of the foregoing, a public or private entity in the territories of a member or members, or to a public international or regional organisation.

    • (d) In the case of a loan to an entity other than a member, the Association may, in its discretion, require a suitable governmental or other guarantee or guarantees.

    • (e) The Association, in special cases, may make foreign exchange available for local expenditures.

    Modifications of Terms of Financing

    Section 3 The Association may, when and to the extent it deems appropriate in the light of all relevant circumstances, including the financial and economic situation and prospects of the member concerned, and on such conditions as it may determine, agree to a relaxation or other modification of the terms on which any of its financing shall have been provided.

    Co-Operation with Other International Organisations and Members Providing Development Assistance

    Section 4 The Association shall co-operate with those public international organisations and members which provide financial and technical assistance to the less-developed areas of the world.

    Miscellaneous Operations

    Section 5 In addition to the operations specified elsewhere in this Agreement, the Association may:

    • (i) borrow funds with the approval of the member in whose currency the loan is denominated;

    • (ii) guarantee securities in which it has invested in order to facilitate their sale;

    • (iii) buy and sell securities it has issued or guaranteed or in which it has invested;

    • (iv) in special cases, guarantee loans from other sources for purposes not inconsistent with the provisions of these Articles;

    • (v) provide technical assistance and advisory services at the request of a member; and

    • (vi) exercise such other powers incidental to its operations as shall be necessary or desirable in furtherance of its purposes.

    Political Activity Prohibited

    Section 6 The Association and its officers shall not interfere in the political affairs of any member; nor shall they be influenced in their decisions by the political character of the member or members concerned. Only economic considerations shall be relevant to their decisions, and these considerations shall be weighed impartially in order to achieve the purposes stated in this Agreement.

Article VI Organisation and Management
  • Structure of the Association

    Section 1 The Association shall have a Board of Governors, Executive Directors, a President and such other officers and staff to perform such duties as the Association may determine.

    Board of Governors

    Section 2 

    • (a) All the powers of the Association shall be vested in the Board of Governors.

    • (b) Each Governor and Alternate Governor of the Bank appointed by a member of the Bank which is also a member of the Association shall ex officio be a Governor and Alternate Governor, respectively, of the Association. No Alternate Governor may vote except in the absence of his principal. The Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Bank shall ex officio be Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Association except that if the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Bank shall represent a State which is not a member of the Association, then the Board of Governors shall select one of the Governors as Chairman of the Board of Governors. Any Governor or Alternate Governor shall cease to hold office if the member by which he was appointed shall cease to be a member of the Association.

    • (c) The Board of Governors may delegate to the Executive Directors authority to exercise any of its powers except the power to:

      • (i) admit new members and determine the conditions of their admission;

      • (ii) authorise additional subscriptions and determine the terms and conditions relating thereto;

      • (iii) suspend a member;

      • (iv) decide appeals from interpretations of this Agreement given by the Executive Directors;

      • (v) make arrangements pursuant to Section 7 of this Article to co-operate with other international organisations (other than informal arrangements of a temporary and administrative character);

      • (vi) decide to suspend permanently the operations of the Association and to distribute its assets;

      • (vii) determine the distribution of the Association's net income pursuant to Section 12 of this Article; and

      • (viii) approve proposed amendments to this Agreement.

    • (d) The Board of Governors shall hold an annual meeting and such other meetings as may be provided for by the Board of Governors or called by the Executive Directors.

    • (e) The annual meeting of the Board of Governors shall be held in conjunction with the annual meeting of the Board of Governors of the Bank.

    • (f) A quorum for any meeting of the Board of Governors shall be a majority of the Governors, exercising not less than two-thirds of the total voting power.

    • (g) The Association may by regulation establish a procedure whereby the Executive Directors may obtain a vote of the Governors on a specific question without calling a meeting of the Board of Governors.

    • (h) The Board of Governors, and the Executive Directors to the extent authorised, may adopt such rules and regulations as may be necessary or appropriate to conduct the business of the Association.

    • (i) Governors and Alternate Governors shall serve as such without compensation from the Association.

    Voting

    Section 3 

    • (a) Each original member shall, in respect of its initial subscription, have 500 votes plus one additional vote for each $5,000 of its initial subscription. Subscriptions other than initial subscriptions of original members shall carry such voting rights as the Board of Governors shall determine pursuant to the provisions of Article II, Section 1(b) or Article III, Section 1(b) and (c), as the case may be. Additions to resources other than subscriptions under Article II, Section 1(b) and additional subscriptions under Article III, Section 1, shall not carry voting rights.

    • (b) Except as otherwise specifically provided, all matters before the Association shall be decided by a majority of the votes cast.

    Executive Directors

    Section 4 

    • (a) The Executive Directors shall be responsible for the conduct of the general operations of the Association, and for this purpose shall exercise all the powers given to them by this Agreement or delegated to them by the Board of Governors.

    • (b) The Executive Directors of the Association shall be composed ex officio of each Executive Director of the Bank who shall have been (i) appointed by a member of the Bank which is also a member of the Association, or (ii) elected in an election in which the votes of at least one member of the Bank which is also a member of the Association shall have counted toward his election. The Alternate to each such Executive Director of the Bank shall ex officio be an Alternate Director of the Association. Any Director shall cease to hold office if the member by which he was appointed, or if all the members whose votes counted toward his election, shall cease to be members of the Association.

    • (c) Each Director who is an appointed Executive Director of the Bank shall be entitled to cast the number of votes which the member by which he was appointed is entitled to cast in the Association. Each Director who is an elected Executive Director of the Bank shall be entitled to cast the number of votes which the member or members of the Association whose votes counted toward his election in the Bank are entitled to cast in the Association. All the votes which a Director is entitled to cast shall be cast as a unit.

    • (d) An Alternate Director shall have full power to act in the absence of the Director who shall have appointed him. When a Director is present, his Alternate may participate in meetings but shall not vote.

    • (e) A quorum for any meeting of the Executive Directors shall be a majority of the Directors exercising not less than one-half of the total voting power.

    • (f) The Executive Directors shall meet as often as the business of the Association may require.

    • (g) The Board of Governors shall adopt regulations under which a member of the Association not entitled to appoint an Executive Director of the Bank may send a representative to attend any meeting of the Executive Directors of the Association when a request made by, or a matter particularly affecting, that member is under consideration.

    President and Staff

    Section 5 

    • (a) The President of the Bank shall be ex officio President of the Association. The President shall be Chairman of the Executive Directors of the Association but shall have no vote except a deciding vote in case of an equal division. He may participate in meetings of the Board of Governors but shall not vote at such meetings.

    • (b) The President shall be chief of the operating staff of the Association. Under the direction of the Executive Directors he shall conduct the ordinary business of the Association and under their general control shall be responsible for the organisation, appointment and dismissal of the officers and staff. To the extent practicable, officers and staff of the Bank shall be appointed to serve concurrently as officers and staff of the Association.

    • (c) The President, officers and staff of the Association, in the discharge of their offices, owe their duty entirely to the Association and to no other authority. Each member of the Association shall respect the international character of this duty and shall refrain from all attempts to influence any of them in the discharge of their duties.

    • (d) In appointing officers and staff the President shall, subject to the paramount importance of securing the highest standards of efficiency and of technical competence, pay due regard to the importance of recruiting personnel on as wide a geographical basis as possible.

    Relationship to the Bank

    Section 6 

    • (a) The Association shall be an entity separate and distinct from the Bank and the funds of the Association shall be kept separate and apart from those of the Bank. The Association shall not borrow from or lend to the Bank, except that this shall not preclude the Association from investing funds not needed in its financing operations in obligations of the Bank.

    • (b) The Association may make arrangements with the Bank regarding facilities, personnel and services and arrangements for reimbursement of administrative expenses paid in the first instance by either organisation on behalf of the other.

    • (c) Nothing in this Agreement shall make the Association liable for the acts or obligations of the Bank, or the Bank liable for the acts or obligations of the Association.

    Relations with Other International Organisations

    Section 7 The Association shall enter into formal arrangements with the United Nations and may enter into such arrangements with other public international organisations having specialised responsibilities in related fields.

    Location of Offices

    Section 8 The principal office of the Association shall be the principal office of the Bank. The Association may establish other offices in the territories of any member.

    Depositories

    Section 9 Each member shall designate its central bank as a depository in which the Association may keep holdings of such member's currency or other assets of the Association, or, if it has no central bank, it shall designate for such purpose such other institution as may be acceptable to the Association. In the absence of any different designation, the depository designated for the Bank shall be the depository for the Association.

    Channel of Communication

    Section 10 Each member shall designate an appropriate authority with which the Association may communicate in connection with any matter arising under this Agreement. In the absence of any different designation, the channel of communication designated for the Bank shall be the channel for the Association.

    Publication of Reports and Provision of Information

    Section 11 

    • (a) The Association shall publish an annual report containing an audited statement of its accounts and shall circulate to members at appropriate intervals a summary statement of its financial position and of the results of its operations.

    • (b) The Association may publish such other reports as it deems desirable to carry out its purposes.

    • (c) Copies of all reports, statements and publications made under this Section shall be distributed to members.

    Disposition of Net Income

    Section 12 The Board of Governors shall determine from time to time the disposition of the Association's net income, having due regard to provision for reserves and contingencies.

Article VII Withdrawal; Suspension of Membership; Suspension of Operations
  • Withdrawal by Members

    Section 1 Any member may withdraw from membership in the Association at any time by transmitting a notice in writing to the Association at its principal office. Withdrawal shall become effective upon the date such notice is received.

    Suspension of Membership

    Section 2 

    • (a) If a member fails to fulfil any of its obligations to the Association, the Association may suspend its membership by decision of a majority of the Governors, exercising a majority of the total voting power. The member so suspended shall automatically cease to be a member one year from the date of its suspension unless a decision is taken by the same majority to restore the member to good standing.

    • (b) While under suspension, a member shall not be entitled to exercise any rights under this Agreement except the right of withdrawal, but shall remain subject to all obligations.

    Suspension or Cessation of Membership in the Bank

    Section 3 Any member which is suspended from membership in, or ceases to be a member of, the Bank shall automatically be suspended from membership in, or cease to be a member of, the Association, as the case may be.

    Rights and Duties of Governments Ceasing to be Members

    Section 4 

    • (a) When a government ceases to be a member, it shall have no rights under this Agreement except as provided in this Section and in Article X(c), but it shall, except as in this Section otherwise provided, remain liable for all financial obligations undertaken by it to the Association, whether as a member, borrower, guarantor or otherwise.

    • (b) When a government ceases to be a member, the Association and the government shall proceed to a settlement of accounts. As part of such settlement of accounts, the Association and the government may agree on the amounts to be paid to the government on account of its subscription and on the time and currencies of payment. The term subscription when used in relation to any member government shall for the purposes of this Article be deemed to include both the initial subscription and any additional subscription of such member government.

    • (c) If no such agreement is reached within 6 months from the date when the government ceased to be a member, or such other time as may be agreed upon by the Association and the government, the following provisions shall apply:

      • (i) The government shall be relieved of any further liability to the Association on account of its subscription, except that the government shall pay to the Association forthwith amounts due and unpaid on the date when the government ceased to be a member and which in the opinion of the Association are needed by it to meet its commitments as of that date under its financing operations:

      • (ii) The Association shall return to the government funds paid in by the Government on account of its subscription or derived therefrom as principal repayments and held by the Association on the date when the government ceased to be a member, except to the extent that in the opinion of the Association such funds will be needed by it to meet its commitments as of that date under its financing operations:

      • (iii) The Association shall pay over to the government a pro rata share of all principal repayments received by the Association after the date on which the government ceases to be a member on loans contracted prior thereto, except those made out of supplementary resources provided to the Association under arrangements specifying special liquidation rights. Such share shall be such proportion of the total principal amount of such loans as the total amount paid by the government on account of its subscription and not returned to it pursuant to clause (ii) above shall bear to the total amount paid by all members on account of their subscriptions which shall have been used or in the opinion of the Association will be needed by it to meet its commitments under its financing operations as of the date on which the government ceases to be a member. Such payment by the Association shall be made in instalments when and as such principal repayments are received by the Association, but not more frequently than annually. Such instalments shall be paid in the currencies received by the Association except that the Association may in its discretion make payment in the currency of the government concerned:

      • (iv) Any amount due to the government on account of its subscription may be withheld so long as that government, or the government of any territory included within its membership, or any political subdivision or any agency of any of the foregoing remains liable, as borrower or guarantor, to the Association, and such amount may, at the option of the Association, be applied against any such liability as it matures:

      • (v) In no event shall the government receive under this paragraph (c) an amount exceeding, in the aggregate, the lesser of the 2 following: (a) the amount paid by the government on account of its subscription, or (b) such proportion of the net assets of the Association, as shown on the books of the Association as of the date on which the government ceased to be a member, as the amount of its subscription shall bear to the aggregate amount of the subscriptions of all members:

      • (vi) All calculations required hereunder shall be made on such basis as shall be reasonably determined by the Association.

    • (d) In no event shall any amount due to a government under this Section be paid until 6 months after the date upon which the government ceases to be a member. If within 6 months of the date upon which any government ceases to be a member the Association suspend's operations under Section 5 of this Article, all rights of such government shall be determined by the provisions of such Section 5 and such government shall be considered a member of the Association for purposes of such Section 5, except that it shall have no voting rights.

    Suspension of Operations and Settlement of Obligations

    Section 5 

    • (a) The Association may permanently suspend its operations by vote of a majority of the Governors exercising a majority of the total voting power. After such suspension of operations the Association shall forthwith cease all activities, except those incident to the orderly realisation, conservation and preservation of its assets and settlement of its obligations. Until final settlement of such obligations and distribution of such assets, the Association shall remain in existence and all mutual rights and obligations of the Association and its members under this Agreement shall continue unimpaired, except that no member shall be suspended or shall withdraw and that no distribution shall be made to members except as in this Section provided.

    • (b) No distribution shall be made to members on account of their subscriptions until all liabilities to creditors shall have been discharged or provided for and until the Board of Governors, by vote of a majority of the Governors exercising a majority of the total voting power, shall have decided to make such distribution.

    • (c) Subject to the foregoing, and to any special arrangements for the disposition of supplementary resources agreed upon in connection with the provision of such resources to the Association, the Association shall distribute its assets to members pro rata in proportion to amounts paid in by them on account of their subscriptions. Any distribution pursuant to the foregoing provision of this paragraph (c) shall be subject, in the case of any member, to prior settlement of all outstanding claims by the Association against such member. Such distribution shall be made at such times, in such currencies, and in cash or other assets as the Association shall deem fair and equitable. Distribution to the several members need not be uniform in respect of the type of assets distributed or of the currencies in which they are expressed.

    • (d) Any member receiving assets distributed by the Association pursuant to this Section or Section 4 shall enjoy the same rights with respect to such assets as the Association enjoyed prior to their distribution.

Article VIII Status, Immunities and Privileges
  • Purposes of Article

    Section 1 To enable the Association to fulfil the functions with which it is entrusted, the status, immunities and privileges provided in this Article shall be accorded to the Association in the territories of each member.

    Status of the Association

    Section 2 The Association shall possess full juridical personality and, in particular, the capacity:

    • (i) to contract:

    • (ii) to acquire and dispose of immovable and movable property:

    • (iii) to institute legal proceedings.

    Position of the Association with Regard to Judicial Process

    Section 3 Actions may be brought against the Association only in a court of competent jurisdiction in the territories of a member in which the Association has an office, has appointed an agent for the purpose of accepting service or notice of process, or has issued or guaranteed securities. No actions shall, however, be brought by members or persons acting for or deriving claims from members. The property and assets of the Association shall, wheresoever located and by whomsoever held, be immune from all forms of seizure, attachment or execution before the delivery of final judgment against the Association.

    Immunity of Assets from Seizure

    Section 4 Property and assets of the Association, wherever located and by whomsoever held, shall be immune from search, requisition, confiscation, expropriation or any other form of seizure by executive or legislative action.

    Immunity of Archives

    Section 5 The archives of the Association shall be inviolable.

    Freedom of Assets from Restrictions

    Section 6 To the extent necessary to carry out the operations provided for in this Agreement and subject to the provisions of this Agreement, all property and assets of the Association shall be free from restrictions, regulations, controls and moratoria of any nature.

    Privilege for Communications

    Section 7 The official communications of the Association shall be accorded by each member the same treatment that it accords to the official communications of other members.

    Immunities and Privileges of Officers and Employees

    Section 8 All Governors, Executive Directors, Alternates, officers and employees of the Association:

    • (i) shall be immune from legal process with respect to acts performed by them in their official capacity except when the Association waives this immunity:

    • (ii) not being local nationals, shall be accorded the same immunities from immigration restrictions, alien registration requirements and national service obligations and the same facilities as regards exchange restrictions as are accorded by members to the representatives, officials, and employees of comparable rank of other members:

    • (iii) shall be granted the same treatment in respect of travelling facilities as is accorded by members to representatives, officials and employees of comparable rank of other members.

    Immunities from Taxation

    Section 9 

    • (a) The Association, its assets, property, income and its operations and transactions authorised by this Agreement, shall be immune from all taxation and from all customs duties. The Association shall also be immune from liability for the collection or payment of any tax or duty.

    • (b) No tax shall be levied on or in respect of salaries and emoluments paid by the Association to Executive Directors, Alternates, officials or employees of the Association who are not local citizens, local subjects, or other local nationals.

    • (c) No taxation of any kind shall be levied on any obligation or security issued by the Association (including any dividend or interest thereon) by whomsoever held:

      • (i) which discriminates against such obligation or security solely because it is issued by the Association; or

      • (ii) if the sole jurisdictional basis for such taxation is the place or currency in which it is issued, made payable or paid, or the location of any office or place of business maintained by the Association.

    • (d) No taxation of any kind shall be levied on any obligation or security guaranteed by the Association (including any dividend or interest thereon) by whomsoever held:

      • (i) which discriminates against such obligation or security solely because it is guaranteed by the Association; or

      • (ii) if the sole jurisdictional basis for such taxation is the location of any office or place of business maintained by the Association.

    Application of Article

    Section 10 Each member shall take such action as is necessary in its own territories for the purpose of making effective in terms of its own law the principles set forth in this Article and shall inform the Association of the detailed action which it has taken.

Article IX Amendments
    • (a) Any proposal to introduce modifications in this Agreement, whether emanating from a member, a Governor or the Executive Directors, shall be communicated to the Chairman of the Board of Governors who shall bring the proposal before the Board. If the proposed amendment is approved by the Board, the Association shall, by circular letter or telegram, ask all members whether they accept the proposed amendment. When three-fifths of the members, having four-fifths of the total voting power, have accepted the proposed amendments, the Association shall certify the fact by formal communication addressed to all members.

    • (b) Notwithstanding (a) above, acceptance by all members is required in the case of any amendment modifying:

      • (i) the right to withdraw from the Association provided in Article VII, Section 1:

      • (ii) the right secured by Article III, Section 1(c):

      • (iii) the limitation on liability provided in Article II, Section 3.

    • (c) Amendments shall enter into force for all members 3 months after the date of the formal communication unless a shorter period is specified in the circular letter or telegram.

Article X Interpretation and Arbitration
    • (a) Any question of interpretation of the provisions of this Agreement arising between any member and the Association or between any members of the Association shall be submitted to the Executive Directors for their decision. If the question particularly affects any member of the Association not entitled to appoint an Executive Director of the Bank, it shall be entitled to representation in accordance with Article VI, Section 4(g).

    • (b) In any case where the Executive Directors have given a decision under (a) above, any member may require that the question be referred to the Board of Governors, whose decision shall be final. Pending the result of the reference to the Board of Governors, the Association may, so far as it deems necessary, act on the basis of the decision of the Executive Directors.

    • (c) Whenever a disagreement arises between the Association and a country which has ceased to be a member, or between the Association and any member during the permanent suspension of the Association, such disagreement shall be submitted to arbitration by a tribunal of 3 arbitrators, one appointed by the Association, another by the country involved and an umpire who, unless the parties otherwise agree, shall be appointed by the President of the International Court of Justice or such other authority as may have been prescribed by regulation adopted by the Association. The umpire shall have full power to settle all questions of procedure in any case where the parties are in disagreement with respect thereto.

Article XI Final Provisions
  • Entry into Force

    Section 1 This Agreement shall enter into force when it has been signed on behalf of governments whose subscriptions comprise not less than 65 percent of the total subscriptions set forth in Schedule A and when the instruments referred to in Section 2(a) of this Article have been deposited on their behalf, but in no event shall this Agreement enter into force before September 15, 1960.

    Signature

    Section 2 

    • (a) Each government on whose behalf this Agreement is signed shall deposit with the Bank an instrument setting forth that it has accepted this Agreement in accordance with its law and has taken all steps necessary to enable it to carry out all of its obligations under this Agreement.

    • (b) Each government shall become a member of the Association as from the date of the deposit on its behalf of the instrument referred to in paragraph (a) above except that no government shall become a member before this Agreement enters into force under Section 1 of this Article.

    • (c) This Agreement shall remain open for signature until the close of business on December 31, 1960, at the principal office of the Bank, on behalf of the governments of the states whose names are set forth in Schedule A, provided that, if this Agreement shall not have entered into force by that date, the Executive Directors of the Bank may extend the period during which this Agreement shall remain open for signature by not more than 6 months.

    • (d) After this Agreement shall have entered into force, it shall be open for signature on behalf of the government of any state whose membership shall have been approved pursuant to Article II, Section 1(b).

    Territorial Application

    Section 3 By its signature of this Agreement, each government accepts it both on its own behalf and in respect of all territories for whose international relations such government is responsible except those which are excluded by such government by written notice to the Association.

    Inauguration of the Association

    Section 4 

    • (a) As soon as this Agreement enters into force under Section 1 of this Article the President shall call a meeting of the Executive Directors.

    • (b) The Association shall begin operations on the date when such meeting is held.

    • (c) Pending the first meeting of the Board of Governors, the Executive Directors may exercise all the powers of the Board of Governors except those reserved to the Board of Governors under this Agreement.

    Registration

    Section 5 The Bank is authorised to register this Agreement with the Secretariat of the United Nations in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations and the Regulations thereunder adopted by the General Assembly.

Done at Washington, in a single copy which shall remain deposited in the archives of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, which has indicated by its signature below its agreement to act as depository of this Agreement, to register this Agreement with the Secretariat of the United Nations and to notify all governments whose names are set forth in Schedule A of the date when this Agreement shall have entered into force under Article XI, Section 1 hereof.

Schedule A
Initial Subscriptions (US $ Millions)1

I

Australia20.18Japan33.59
Austria5.04Luxembourg1.01
Belgium22.70Netherlands27.74
Canada37.83Norway6.72
Denmark8.74Sweden10.09
Finland3.83Union of South Africa10.09
France52.96United Kingdom131.14
Germany52.96United States320.29
Italy18.16  
   763.07

II

Afghanistan1.01Israel1.68
Argentina18.83Jordan0.30
Bolivia1.06Korea1.26
Brazil18.83Lebanon0.45
Burma2.02Libya1.01
Ceylon3.03Malaya2.52
Chile3.53Mexico8.74
China30.26Morocco3.53
Colombia3.53Nicaragua0.30
Costa Rica0.20Pakistan10.09
Cuba4.71Panama0.02
Dominican Republic0.40Paraguay0.30
Ecuador0.65Peru1.77
El Salvador0.30Philippines5.04
Ethiopia0.50Saudi Arabia3.70
Ghana2.36Spain10.09
Greece2.52Sudan1.01
Guatemala0.40Thailand3.03
Haiti0.76Tunisia1.51
Honduras0.30Turkey5.80
Iceland0.10United Arab Republic6.03
India40.35Uruguay1.06
Indonesia11.10Venezuela7.06
Iran4.54Yugoslavia4.04
Iraq0.76Viet-Nam1.51
Ireland3.03  
   236.93
  TOTAL1000.00

  • 1 In terms of United States dollars of the weight and fineness in effect on January 1, 1960.