28 Covenants substantially lessening competition prohibited

(1)

No person, either on his own or on behalf of an associated person, shall—

(a)

require the giving of a covenant; or

(b)

give a covenant—

that has the purpose, or has or is likely to have the effect, of substantially lessening competition in a market.

(2)

No person, either on his own or on behalf of an associated person, shall carry out or enforce the terms of a covenant that has the purpose, or has or is likely to have the effect, of substantially lessening competition in a market.

(3)

Subsection (2) applies to a covenant whether given before or after the commencement of this Act.

(4)

No covenant, whether given before or after the commencement of this Act, that has the purpose, or has or is likely to have the effect of substantially lessening competition in a market is enforceable.

(5)

No person shall—

(a)

threaten to engage in particular conduct if a person who, but for subsection (4), would be bound by a covenant, does not comply with the terms of the covenant; or

(b)

engage in particular conduct because a person who, but for subsection (4), would be bound by a covenant, has failed to comply, or proposes or threatens to fail to comply, with the terms of the covenant.

(6)

Where a person—

(a)

issues an invitation to another person to enter into a contract containing a covenant; or

(b)

makes an offer to another person to enter into a contract containing a covenant; or

(c)

makes it known that the person will not enter into a contract of a particular kind unless the contract contains a covenant of a particular kind or in particular terms,—

that person shall, by issuing that invitation, making that offer, or making that fact known, be deemed to require the giving of the covenant.

(7)

For the purposes of this section, 2 persons shall be taken to be associated with each other in relation to a covenant or proposed covenant if, but only if,—

(a)

one person is under an obligation (otherwise than in pursuance of the covenant or proposed covenant), whether formal or informal, to act in accordance with the directions, instructions, or wishes of the other person in relation to the covenant or proposed covenant; or

(b)

the persons are interconnected bodies corporate.

Compare: Trade Practices Act 1974 s 45B(1)–(3), (7) (Aust)