Trade in Endangered Species Act 1989

Schedule 2
Species threatened by trade

s 3(1)

  • Schedule 2: substituted, on 10 November 2011, by clause 3 of the Trade in Endangered Species Order 2011 (SR 2011/369).

The classes, families and species listed in this schedule are arranged in descending order by class then in alphabetical order by order, family, and species. This order of arrangement is adopted in the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

The entries in the column headed “Exceptions/limitations” have the effect of either—

  • (a) excluding nominated populations in the listed species; or

  • (b) limiting the applications of the listed species to only those populations nominated; or

  • (c) excluding certain species from a generic listing; or

  • (d) excluding nominated varieties of specimens of the listed species; or

  • (e) limiting the application of the listed species to only those categories of specimens nominated.

Order Family Genus, species, or subspecies Common name Exceptions/limitations
MAMMALIA—MAMMALS
Artiodactyla—
Even-toed ungulates
 Bovidae—Antelopes, cattle, duikers, gazelles, goats, sheep, etc Ammotragus lervia Barbary Sheep, Aoudad    
  Bison bison athabascae Wood Bison    
  Budorcas taxicolor Takin    
    Cephalophus dorsalis Bay Duiker    
    Cephalophus brookei Brook's Duiker    
    Cephalophus ogilbyi Ogilby's Duiker    
    Cephalophus silvicultor Yellow-backed Duiker    
    Cephalophus zebra Banded Duiker    
    Damaliscus pygargus pygargus Bontebok    
    Kobus leche Lechwe    
    Ovis ammon Argali Except the subspecies included in Schedule 1.
    Ovis canadensis Desert Bighorn Only population of Mexico.
    Ovis vignei Urial, Red Sheep Except the subspecies included in Schedule 1.
    Philantomba monticola Blue Duiker    
    Saiga borealis Mongolian Saiga    
    Saiga tatarica Saiga Antelope    
  Camelidae—Guanaco, vicuna Lama guanicoe Guanaco    
   Vicugna vicugna Vicuna Only certain wool, cloth, and products derived therefrom from Argentina (populations of Provinces of Jujuy and Catamarca and semi-captive populations of Provinces of Jujuy, Salta, Catamarca, La Rioja, and San Juan), Bolivia (whole population), Chile (population of the Primera region), and Peru (whole population); all other populations are included in Schedule 1.
  Cervidae—Deer, guemals, muntjacs, pudus Cervus elaphus bactrianus Bactrian Wapiti    
   Pudu mephistophiles Pudu    
  Hippopotamidae—
Hippotamuses
 Hexaprotodon liberiensis Pygmy Hippopotamus    
   Hippopotamus amphibius Hippopotamus    
  Moschidae—Musk deer Moschus spp. musk deer Except populations of Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan, which are included in Schedule 1.
  Tayassuidae—Peccaries Tayassuidae spp. peccaries Except species included in Schedule 1 and the populations of Pecari tajacu of Mexico and USA which are not included in the schedules.
Carnivora—
Carnivores
 Canidae—Bush dog, foxes, wolves Canis lupus Grey Wolf Except the populations of Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Pakistan, which are included in Schedule 1.
    Cerdocyon thous Crab-eating Fox    
    Chrysocyon brachyurus Maned Wolf    
    Cuon alpinus Asiatic Wild Dog    
    Lycalopex culpaeus Culpeo Fox    
    Lycalopex fulvipes Darwin's Fox    
    Lycalopex griseus Argentine Grey Fox    
    Lycalopex gymnocercus Azara's Fox    
    Vulpes cana  Blanford's Fox    
    Vulpes zerda Fennec Fox    
  Eupleridae—Fossa, falanouc, Malagasy Civet Cryptoprocta ferox Fossa    
   Eupleres goudotii Falanouc    
    Fossa fossana Malagasy Civet    
  Felidae—Cats Felidae spp. all cat species Except the species included in Schedule 1. Specimens of the domesticated form are not subject to the provisions of the Act.
  Mephitidae—Hog-nosed skunk Conepatus humboldtii Humboldt's/Patagonian Hog-nosed Skunk    
  Mustelidae—Badgers, martens, weasels, etc Lutrinae spp. otters Except the species included in Schedule 1.
  Otariidae—Fur seals, sealions Arctocephalus spp. fur seals Except the species included in Schedule 1.
  Phocidae—Seals Mirounga leonina Southern Elephant Seal    
  Ursidae—Bears, giant panda Ursidae spp. bears Except the populations or species included in Schedule 1.
  Viverridae—Binturong, civets, linsangs, otter-civet, palm civets Cynogale bennettii Otter-civet    
   Hemigalus derbyanus Banded Palm Civet    
   Prionodon linsang Banded Linsang    
Cetacea—Dolphins, porpoises, whales   CETACEA spp. whales, dolphins, porpoises Except the species included in Schedule 1. Zero annual export quota for live specimens from the Black Sea population of Tursiops truncatus removed from the wild and traded for primarily commercial purposes.
Chiroptera—Bats Pteropodidae—Fruit bats, flying foxes Acerodon spp. flying foxes Except the species included in Schedule 1.
    Pteropus spp. flying foxes Except the species included in Schedule 1.
Cingulata—Armadillos Dasypodidae—Armadillos Chaetophractus nationi Andean Hairy Armadillo  Zero annual export quota. All specimens shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Schedule 1 and trade in them regulated accordingly.
Diprotodontia—
Kangaroos, wallabies, possums, koala, wombats, and relatives
 Macropodidae—Kangaroos, wallabies Dendrolagus inustus Grizzled Grey Tree Kangaroo    
  Dendrolagus ursinus Black Tree Kangaroo    
 Phalangeridae—Cuscuses Phalanger intercastellanus Eastern Common Cuscus    
    Phalanger mimicus Southern Common Cuscus    
    Phalanger orientalis Grey Cuscus    
    Spilocuscus kraemeri Admiralty Island Cuscus    
    Spilocuscus maculatus Common Spotted Cuscus    
    Spilocuscus papuensis Black Spotted Cuscus, Waigeao Cuscus    
Monotremata—
Monotremes (egg-laying mammals)
 Tachyglossidae—Echidnas, spiny anteaters Zaglossus spp. New Guinea long-nosed echidnas    
Perissodactyla—
Horses, rhinoceroses, tapirs
 Equidae—Horses, wild asses, zebras Equus hemionus Asiatic Wild Ass    
  Equus kiang Kiang    
   Equus zebra hartmannae Hartmann's Mountain Zebra    
  Rhinocerotidae—
Rhinoceroses
 Ceratotherium simum simum White Rhinoceros Only populations of South Africa and Swaziland for the exclusive purpose of allowing international trade in live animals to appropriate and acceptable destinations and hunting trophies. All other specimens shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Schedule 1 and trade in them is regulated accordingly.
  Tapiridae—Tapirs Tapirus terrestris Brazilian Tapir    
Pholidota—
Pangolins
 Manidae—Pangolins Manis spp. pangolins Zero annual export quota for Manis crassicaudata, M. culionensis, M. javanica, and M. pentadactyla for specimens removed from the wild and traded for primarily commercial purposes.
Pilosa—Anteaters, Sloths Bradypodidae—Three-toed sloth Bradypus variegatus Bolivian Three-toed Sloth    
  Myrmecophagidae—
American anteaters
 Myrmecophaga tridactyla Giant Anteater    
Primates—Apes, monkeys   PRIMATES spp.  all monkeys, lemurs, etc Except the species listed in Schedule 1.
Proboscidea—
Elephants
 Elephantidae—elephants Loxodonta africana African Elephant Populations of Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe exclusively for—
        (1)trade in hunting trophies for non-commercial purposes;
        (2)trade in live animals for in situ conservation programmes (Namibia and South Africa) or to appropriate and acceptable destinations (Botswana and Zimbabwe);
        (3) trade in hides;
        (4)trade in leather goods: for non-commercial purposes for Zimbabwe; for commercial or non-commercial purposes for Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa;
        (5) trade in hair;
        (6)trade in individually marked and certified ekipas incorporated in finished jewellery for non-commercial purposes for Namibia and ivory carvings for non-commercial purposes for Zimbabwe;
        (7)trade in registered raw ivory (for Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe, whole tusks and pieces: subject to certain conditions (consult DOC for details)). All other specimens from these 3 countries are included in Schedule 1.
Rodentia—Rodents Sciuridae—Ground squirrels, tree squirrels Ratufa spp. giant squirrels    
Scandentia—
Tree shrews
 Tupaiidae—Tree shrews SCANDENTIA spp. tree shrews    
Sirenia—Sirenians (sea cows)
   
 Trichechidae—Manatees Trichechus senegalensis West African Manatee    
AVES—BIRDS
Anseriformes—
Waterfowl
 Anatidae—Ducks, geese, swans, etc Anas bernieri Madagascar Teal    
  Anas formosa  Baikal Teal    
    Branta ruficollis Red-breasted Goose    
    Coscoroba coscoroba Coscoroba Swan    
    Cygnus melancoryphus Black-necked Swan    
    Dendrocygna arborea Cuban Whistling Duck    
    Oxyura leucocephala White-headed Duck    
    Sarkidiornis melanotos Comb Duck, Knob-billed Goose    
Apodiformes—
Swifts, hummingbirds
 Trochilidae—Hummingbirds Trochilidae spp. hummingbirds Except the species included in Schedule 1.
Ciconiiformes—
Storks, herons, bitterns, etc
 Balaenicipitidae—Shoebill, whale-headed stork Balaeniceps rex Shoebill, Whale-headed Stork    
 Ciconiidae—Storks Ciconia nigra Black Stork    
  Phoenicopteridae—Flamingos Phoenicopteridae spp. flamingos    
  Threskiornithidae—Ibises, spoonbills Eudocimus ruber Scarlet Ibis    
   Geronticus calvus Bald Ibis    
    Platalea leucorodia Eurasian Spoonbill, White Spoonbill    
Columbiformes—
Doves, pigeons
 Columbidae—Doves, pigeons Gallicolumba luzonica Bleeding Heart Pigeon    
  Goura spp. Crowned or Goura Pigeons    
Coraciiformes—
Kingfishers and relatives
 Bucerotida—Hornbills Aceros spp. hornbills Except the species included in Schedule 1.
  Anorrhinus spp. hornbills    
    Anthracoceros spp. hornbills    
    Berenicornis spp. hornbills    
    Buceros spp. hornbills Except the species included in Schedule 1.
    Penelopides spp. hornbills    
    Rhyciteros spp. hornbills Except the species included in Schedule 1.
Cuculiformes—
Cuckoos and relatives
 Musophagidae—Turacos Tauraco spp. all species of turaco    
Falconiformes—
Eagles, falcons, hawks, vultures
   FALCONIFORMES spp. all birds of prey Except the species included in Schedules 1 and 3 and the species of the family Cathartidae.
Galliformes—
Megapodes, curassows, pheasants, quails, and relatives
 Phasianidae—Grouse, guineafowl, partridges, pheasants, tragopans Argusianus argus Great Argus    
  Gallus sonneratii Grey Junglefowl    
  Ithaginis cruentus Blood Pheasant    
    Pavo muticus Green Peafowl    
    Polyplectron bicalcaratum Grey Peacock Pheasant    
    Polyplectron germaini Germain's Peacock Pheasant    
    Polyplectron malacense Malay Peacock Pheasant     
    Polyplectron schleiermacheri Bornean Peacock Pheasant    
Gruiformes—Coots, cranes, rails Gruidae—Cranes Gruidae spp. cranes Except the species included in Schedule 1.
  Otididae—Bustards Otididae spp. bustards Except the species included in Schedule 1.
Passeriformes—
Passerines (perching birds)
 Cotingidae—Cotingas Rupicola spp. cocks-of-the-rock    
  Emberizidae—Cardinals, tanagers Gubernatrix cristata Yellow Cardinal    
   Paroaria capitata Yellow-billed Cardinal    
    Paroaria coronata Red-crested Cardinal    
    Tangara fastuosa Seven-coloured Tanager    
  Estrildidae—Mannikins, waxbills Amandava formosa Green Munia    
   Lonchura oryzivora Java Sparrow    
    Poephila cincta cincta  Black-throated Finch    
  Fringillidae—Finches Carduelis yarrellii Yellow-faced Siskin    
  Muscicapidae—Old World flycatchers Cyornis ruckii Rueck's Blue Flycatcher, Rueck's Niltava    
   Garrulax canorus Hwamei, Melodious Laughing Thrush    
    Garrulax taewanus Taiwan Hwamei    
    Leiothrix argentauris Silver-eared Mesia    
    Leiothrix lutea Pekin Robin    
    Liocichla omeiensis Mount Omei Liocichla    
  Paradisaeidae—Birds of paradise Paradisaeidae spp. birds of paradise    
  Pittidae—Pittas Pitta guajana Blue-tailed Pitta    
    Pitta nympha Fairy Pitta    
  Pycnonotidae—Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus Straw-crowned Bulbul    
  Sturnidae—Mynahs (starlings) Gracula religiosa Hill Myna    
Piciformes—Woodpeckers and relatives Ramphastidae—Toucans Pteroglossus aracari Black-necked Aracari    
   Pteroglossus viridis Green Aracari    
    Ramphastos sulfuratus Keel-billed Toucan    
    Ramphastos toco Toco Toucan    
    Ramphastos tucanus Red-billed Toucan    
    Ramphastos vitellinus Channel-billed Toucan    
Psittaciformes—
Parrots
   PSITTACIFORMES spp. all parrots and allies Except the species included in Schedule 1 and Schedule 3, and excluding Agapornis roseicollis (Peach-faced or Rosy-faced Lovebird), Melopsittacus undulatus (Budgerigar), Nymphicus hollandicus (Cockatiel), and Psittacula krameri (Ring-necked Parakeet), which are not included in the schedules.
Rheiformes—Rheas Rheidae—Rheas Pterocnemia pennata pennata Southern Lesser Rhea    
    Rhea americana  Greater Rhea    
Sphenisciformes—
Penguins
 Spheniscidae—Penguins Spheniscus demersus Jackass Penguin    
Strigiformes—Owls   STRIGIFORMES spp. owls Except the species included in Schedule 1.
   
REPTILIA—REPTILES
Crocodylia—
Alligators, caimans, crocodiles
   CROCODYLIA spp. crocodiles, alligators, caimans, and gharials Except the species included in Schedule 1.
Sauria—Lizards Agamidae—Agamas, mastigures Uromastyx spp. spiny-tailed lizards    
  Chamaeleonidae—Chameleons Bradypodion spp. dwarf chameleons    
    Brookesia spp. leaf chameleons Except the species included in Schedule 1.
    Calumma spp. chameleons    
    Chamaeleo spp. chameleons    
    Furcifer spp. chameleons    
    Kinyongia spp. chameleons    
    Nadzikambia spp. chameleons    
  Cordylidae—Spiny-tailed lizards Cordylus spp. crag lizards, girdled lizards, spiny-tailed lizards    
  Gekkonidae—Geckos Cyrtodactylus serpensinsula Serpent Island Gecko    
    Phelsuma spp. day geckos    
    Uroplatus spp. leaf-tailed geckos    
  Helodermatidae—Beaded lizards, gila monster Heloderma spp. poisonous lizards Except the subspecies included in Schedule 1.
  Iguanidae—Iguanas Amblyrhynchus cristatus Galapagos Marine Iguana    
    Conolophus spp. Galapagos land iguanas    
    Ctenosaura bakeri Utila Spiny-tailed Iguana    
    Ctenosaura melanosterna Rio Agua Spiny-tailed Iguana    
    Ctenosaura oedirhina Roatan Spiny-tailed Iguana    
    Ctenosaura palearis Guatemalan Black Iguana / Spiny-tailed Iguana    
    Iguana spp. iguanas    
    Phrynosoma blainvillii Blainville's Horned Lizard, San Diego Horned Lizard    
    Phrynosoma cerroense Cedros Island Horned Lizard    
    Phrynosoma coronatum Coast Horned Lizard    
    Phrynosoma wigginsi Gulf Coast Horned Lizard, Concepcion Horned Lizard     
  Lacertidae—Lizards Podarcis lilfordi Lilford's Wall Lizard    
    Podarcis pityusensis Ibiza Wall Lizard    
  Teiidae—Caiman lizards, tegu lizards Crocodilurus amazonicus Crocodile Tegu    
   Dracaena spp. Caiman lizards    
    Tupinambis spp. tegus    
  Varanidae—Monitor lizards Varanus spp. monitors Except the species included in Schedule 1.
  Xenosauridae—Knob-scaled lizards Shinisaurus crocodilurus Chinese Crocodile Lizard    
Serpentes—Snakes Boidae—Boas Boidae spp. all boas, pythons, anacondas Except the species included in Schedule 1.
  Bolyeriidae—Round Island boas Bolyeriidae spp. Round Island boas Except the species included in Schedule 1.
  Colubridae—Typical snakes, water snakes, whipsnakes Clelia clelia Mussurana    
   Cyclagras gigas False Water Cobra    
    Elachistodon westermanni Indian Egg-eating Snake    
    Ptyas mucosus Oriental Rat Snake    
  Elapidae—Cobras, coral snakes Hoplocephalus bungaroides Broad-headed Snake    
   Naja atra Chinese Cobra, Taiwan Cobra    
    Naja kaouthia Monocled Cobra    
    Naja mandalayensis Burmese Spitting Cobra    
    Naja naja Asiatic Cobra    
    Naja oxiana Central Asian Cobra    
    Naja philippinensis Northern Philippine Cobra    
    Naja sagittifera Andaman Cobra    
    Naja samarensis Southeastern Philippine Cobra    
    Naja siamensis Indochinese Spitting Cobra    
    Naja sputatrix Southern Indonesian Spitting Cobra    
    Naja sumatrana Sumatran Cobra, Equatorial Spitting Cobra    
    Ophiophagus hannah King Cobra    
  Loxocemidae—Burrowing python Loxocemidae spp. Burrowing Python    
  Pythonidae—Pythons Pythonidae spp. true pythons Except the species included in Schedule 1.
  Tropidophiidae—Wood boas Tropidophiidae spp. wood boas    
  Viperidae—Vipers Vipera wagneri Iranian Viper    
Testudines —Turtles, tortoises Carettochelyidae—Pig-nosed turtles Carettochelys insculpta Pig-nosed Turtle    
  Chelidae—Austro-American side-necked turtles Chelodina mccordi Roti Snake-necked Turtle    
  Dermatemydidae—
Central American river turtle
 Dermatemys mawii Central American River Turtle    
  Emydidae—Box turtles, freshwater turtles Glyptemys insculpta Wood Turtle    
   Terrapene spp. American box turtles Except the species included in Schedule 1.
  Geoemydidae —Box turtles, freshwater turtles Batagur spp. box turtles    
   Cuora spp. Asian box turtles    
    Heosemys annandalii Yellow-headed Temple Turtle    
    Heosemys depressa Arakan Forest Turtle    
    Heosemys grandis Giant Asian Pond Turtle    
    Heosemys spinosa Spiny Terrapin, Spiny Turtle, Sunburst Turtle    
    Kachuga spp. roofed turtles    
    Leucocephalon yuwonoi Sulawesi Forest Turtle    
    Malayemys macrocephala Snail-eating Turtle    
    Malayemys subtrijuga Ricefield Turtle    
    Mauremys annamensis Annam Leaf Turtle, Annam Pond Turtle    
    Mauremys mutica Yellow Pond Turtle    
    Notochelys platynota Malayan Flat-shelled Turtle    
    Orlitia borneensis Bornean River Turtle, Malaysian Giant Turtle     
    Pangshura spp. Indian roofed turtles Except the species included in Schedule 1.
    Siebenrockiella crassicollis Black Marsh Turtle    
    Siebenrockiella leytensis Leyte Pond Turtle    
  Platysternidae—Big-headed turtle Platysternon megacephalum Big-headed Turtle    
  Podocnemididae—Afro-American side-necked turtles Erymnochelys madagascariensis Madagascar Big-headed Side-neck Turtle    
   Peltocephalus dumerilianus Big-headed Amazon River Turtle    
    Podocnemis spp. South American river turtles    
  Testudinidae—Tortoises Testudinidae spp. tortoises Except the species included in Schedule 1. A zero annual export quota has been established for Geochelone sulcata for specimens removed from the wild and traded for primarily commercial purposes.
  Trionychidae—Softshell turtles, terrapins Amyda cartilaginea South-East Asian Softshell Turtle    
   Chitra spp. narrow-headed softshell turtles    
    Lissemys punctata Indian Flap-shelled Turtle    
    Lissemys scutata Burmese Flapshell Turtle    
    Pelochelys spp. giant softshell turtles
   
    
AMPHIBIA—AMPHIBIANS
Anura—Frogs, toads Dendrobatidae—Poison frogs Allobates femoralis Brilliant-thighed Poison Frog    
   Allobates zaparo Sanguine Poison Frog    
    Cryptophyllobates azureiventris Sky-blue Poison Frog    
    Dendrobates spp. poison frogs    
    Epipedobates spp. poison frogs    
    Phyllobates spp. poison frogs    
  Hylidae—Tree frogs Agalychnis spp. Central American tree frogs    
  Mantellidae—Mantellas Mantella spp. Mantellas    
  Microhylidae—Red rain frog, tomato frog Scaphiophryne gottlebei Rainbow Burrowing Frog    
  Ranidae—Frogs Euphlyctis hexadactylus Six-fingered Frog    
    Hoplobatrachus tigerinus Indian Bullfrog    
  Rheobatrachidae—Gastric-brooding frogs Rheobatrachus spp. gastric-brooding frogs    
Caudata—Salamanders Ambystomidae—Axolotls Ambystoma dumerilii Lake Patzcuaro Salamander    
   Ambystoma mexicanum
   
 Axolotl    
ELASMOBRANCHII—SHARKS
Lamniformes—
Mackerel sharks
 Cetorhinidae—Basking Shark Cetorhinus maximus Basking Shark    
  Lamnidae—Great White Shark Carcharodon carcharias Great White Shark    
Orectolobiformes—
Carpet sharks
 Rhincodontidae—Whale Shark Rhincodon typus Whale Shark    
Rajiformes—Skates Pristidae—Sawfishes Pristis microdon Freshwater Sawfish For the exclusive purpose of allowing international trade in live animals to appropriate and acceptable aquaria for primarily conservation purposes.
   
ACTINOPTERYGII—FISH
Acipenseriformes—
Paddlefish, sturgeons
   ACIPENSERIFORMES spp. sturgeons Except the species included in Schedule 1.
Anguilliformes—
Eels
   Anguilla anguilla European Eel  
Cypriniformes—
Minnows, suckers
 Cyprinidae—Blind carps, plaeesok Caeocobarbus geertsi African Blind Barb    
Osteoglossiformes—
Bonytongues
 Osteoglossidae—Arapaima, Bonytongue Arapaima gigas Arapaima    
Perciformes—
Perch-like fishes
 Labridae—Wrasses Cheilinus undulatus Humphead Wrasse    
Syngnathiformes—
Pipefishes, seahorses
   
 Syngnathidae—Pipefishes, seahorses Hippocampus spp. seahorses    
SARCOPTERYGII—LUNGFISHES
Ceratodontiformes—
Australian Lungfish
   
 Ceratodontidae—Australian lungfish Neoceratodus forsteri Australian Lungfish    
ARACHNIDA—SPIDERS
Araneae—Spiders Theraposidae—Red-kneed tarantulas, tarantulas Aphonopelma albiceps Curly-hair Tarantula    
   Aphonopelma pallidum Mexican Grey Tarantula    
    Brachypelma spp. Mexican/Central American tarantulas    
Scorpiones—
Scorpions
   Pandinus dictator Scorpion    
   Pandinus gambiensis Giant Senegalese Scorpion    
    Pandinus imperator
   
 Emperor Scorpion    
INSECTA—INSECTS
Coleoptera—Beetles Scarabaeidae—Scarab beetles Dynastes satanas Satanas Beetle    
Lepidoptera—Butterflies, moths Papilionidae—Birdwing butterflies, swallowtail butterflies Atrophaneura jophon Sri Lankan Rose, Ceylon Rose    
  Atrophaneura pandiyana      
    Bhutanitis spp. swallowtail butterflies    
    Ornithoptera spp. birdwing butterflies Except the species included in Schedule 1.
    Parnassius apollo Apollo Butterfly    
    Teinopalpus spp. kaiserihinds    
    Trogonoptera spp. birdwing butterflies    
    Troides spp. birdwing butterflies
   
    
HIRUDINOIDEA—LEECHES
Arhynchobdellida—
Leeches
 Hirudinidae—Medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis Medicinal Leech    
  Hirudo verbana Southern Medicinal Leech
   
    
BIVALVIA—CLAMS, MUSSELS
Mytiloida—Common mussels Mytilidae—Marine mussels Lithophaga lithophaga Mediterranean Date Mussel    
Unionida—Freshwater mussels Unionidae—Freshwater mussels, pearly mussels Cyprogenia aberti Edible Pearly Mussel  
  Epioblasma torulosa rangiana Tan-blossomed Pearly Mussel  
    Pleurobema clava Clubshell Pearly Mussel  
Veneroida—clams, cockles, zebra mussels
   
 Tridacnidae—Giant Clams Tridacnidae spp. giant clams  
GASTROPODA—SNAILS AND CONCHES
Mesogastropoda—
Prosobranchs
 Strombidae—Queen Conch Strombus gigas Queen Conch  
Stylommatophora—
Terrestrial snails and slugs
   
 Camaenidae—Green tree snail Papustyla pulcherrima Manus Green Tree Snail  
ANTHOZOA—CORALS, SEA ANEMOMES
Antipatharia—
Black corals
   ANTIPATHARIA spp. all black corals  
Helioporacea—
Blue corals
 Helioporidae—Blue corals Helioporidae spp. blue corals, blue ridge corals Excluding fossils; includes only the species Heliopora coerulea.
Scleractinia—
Stony corals
   SCLERACTINIA spp. all brown stem cluster corals, brush corals, rose tree corals, white lace corals, cauliflower corals Excluding fossils.
Stolonifera—
Organ-pipe corals
   
 Tubiporidae—Organ-pipe corals Tubiporidae spp. organpipe corals Excluding fossils.
HYDROZOA—SEA FERNS, FIRE CORALS, STINGING MEDUSAE
Milleporina—Fire corals Milleporidae—Fire corals Milleporidae spp. fire corals, yellow fire corals, stinging corals Excluding fossils.
Stylasterina—
Lace corals
   
 Stylasteridae—Lace corals Stylasteridae spp. lace corals Excluding fossils.
FLORA—PLANTS
  Agavaceae—Agaves Agave victoriae-reginae queen agave #4
    Nolina interrata Dehesa bear-grass, San Diego bear grass  
  Amaryllidaceae—Snowdrops, sternbergias Galanthus spp. snowdrops #4
   Sternbergia spp. sternbergias #4
  Anacardiaceae—Cashews Operculicarya hyphaenoides jabihy    
    Operculicarya pachypus tabily    
  Apocynaceae—Elephant trunks, hoodias Hoodia spp. Hoodia #9
   Pachypodium spp. elephant trunks #4; except the species included in Schedule 1.
    Rauvolfia serpentina snake-root, devil-pepper #2
  Araliaceae—Ginseng Panax ginseng red ginseng #3; only the population of the Russian Federation; no other population is included in the schedules.
    Panax quinquefolius American ginseng #3
  Berberidaceae—May-Apple Podophyllum hexandrum Himalayan may-apple #2
  Bromeliaceae—Air plants, bromelias Tillandsia harrisii Harris' tillandsia #4
   Tillandsia kammii Kamm's tillandsia #4
    Tillandsia kautskyi Kautsky's tillandsia #4
    Tillandsia mauryana Maury's tillandsia #4
    Tillandsia sprengeliana Sprengei's tillandsia #4
    Tillandsia sucrei sucrei tillandsia #4
    Tillandsia xerographica xerographic tillandsia #4
  Cactaceae—Cacti CACTACEAE spp. cactus plants #4; except species included in Schedule 1 and except Pereskia spp., Pereskiopsis spp., and Quiabentia spp. Artificially propagated specimens of the following hybrids and/or cultivars are not subject to the provisions of the Act: Hatiora x graeseri; Schlumbergera x buckleyi; Schlumbergera russelliana x Schlumbergera truncata; Schlumbergera orssichiana x Schlumbergera truncata; Schlumbergera opuntioides x Schlumbergera truncata; Schlumbergera truncata (cultivars); Cactaceae spp. colour mutants lacking chlorophyll, grafted on the following grafting stocks: Harrisia “Jusbertii”, Hylocereus trigonus or Hylocereus undatus; Opuntia microdasys (cultivars).
  Caryocaraceae—Ajo Caryocar costaricense costus #4
  Crassulaceae—Dudleyas Dudleya stolonifera Laguna Beach dudleya  
    Dudleya traskiae Santa Barbara Island dudleya  
  Cucurbitaceae—melons, gourds, cucurbits Zygosicyos pubescens tobory    
   Zygosicyos tripartitus betoboky    
  Cyatheaceae—Tree ferns Cyathea spp. tree ferns #4
  Cycadaceae—Cycads CYCADACEAE spp. cycads #4; except the species included in Schedule 1.
  Dicksoniaceae—Tree ferns Cibotium barometz   #4
   Dicksonia spp. tree ferns #4; only the population of the Americas; no other population is included in the schedules.
  Didieraceae—Allaudias, didiereas DIDIEREACEAE spp. allaudias, didiereas #4
  Dioscoreaceae—elephant's foot, kniss Dioscorea deltoidea elephant's foot #4
  Droseraceae—Venus' flytrap Dionaea muscipula Venus' flytrap #4
  Euphoribiaceae—Euphorbias Euphorbia spp. euphorbias #4; succulent species only, except Euphorbia misera and the species included in Schedule 1. Artificially propagated specimens on cultivars of Euphorbia trigona, artificially propagated specimens of crested, fan-shaped, or colour mutants of Eurphorbia lactea, when grafted on artificially propagated root stock of Euphorbia neriifolia, and artificially propagated specimens of cultivars of Euphorbia “Milii” when they are traded in shipments of 100 or more plants and readily recognisable as artificially propagated specimens, are not subject to the provisions of the Act.
  Fouquieriaceae—Ocotillos Fouquieria columnaris boojum tree #4
  Juglandaceae—Gavilan Oreomunnea pterocarpa gavilan #4
  Lauraceae—Laurels Aniba rosaeodora Brazilian rosewood #12
  Leguminosae (Fabaceae)—
Afrormosia, cristobal, rosewood, sandalwood
 Caesalpinia echinata Brazil wood #10
   Pericopsis elata African teak #5
   Platymiscium pleiostachyum quira, macawood #4
   Pterocarpus santalinus red sanders #7
  Liliaceae—Aloes Aloe spp. aloes #4; except the species included in Schedule 1; also excludes Aloe vera, also referenced as Aloe barbadensis, which is not included in the schedules.
  Meliaceae—mahoganies, Spanish cedar Swietenia humilis Mexican mahogany, Honduras mahogany #4
    Swietenia macrophylla big-leaf mahogany #6; populations of the Neotropics.
    Swietenia mahogani American mahogany  #5
  Nepenthaceae—pitcher plants (Old World) Nepenthes spp. pitcher plants #4; except the species included in Schedule 1.
  Orchidaceae—orchids ORCHIDACEAE spp. orchids #4; except species included in Schedule 1. Artificially propagated hybrids of the genera Cymbidium, Dendrobium, Phalaenopsis, and Vanda are not subject to the provisions of the Act when:
        (a) specimens are readily recognisable as artificially propagated and do not show any signs of having been collected in the wild such as mechanical damage or strong dehydration resulting from collection, irregular growth and heterogeneous size and shape within a taxon and shipment, algae or other epiphyllous organisms adhering to leaves, or damage by insects or other pests; and
        (b) (i) when shipped in non-flowering state, the specimens must be traded in shipments consisting of individual containers (such as cartons, boxes, crates, or individual shelves of CC-containers) each containing 20 or more plants of the same hybrid; the plants within each container must exhibit a high degree of uniformity and healthiness; and the shipment must be accompanied by documentation, such as invoice, which clearly states the number of plants of each hybrid; or
        (b) (ii) when shipped in flowering state, with at least 1 fully open flower per specimen, no minimum number of specimens per shipment is required but specimens must be professionally processed for commercial retail sale, eg, labelled with printed labels or packaged with printed packages indicating the name of the hybrid and the country of final processing. This should be clearly visible and allow easy verification. Plants not clearly qualifying for the exemption must be accompanied by appropriate CITES documents.
  Orobanchaceae—Broomrape Cistanche deserticola desert cistanche #4
  Palmae (Arecaceae)—Palms Beccariophoenix madagascariensis Manarano palm, Maruala palm #4
    Lemurophoenix halleuxii red lemur palm    
    Marojejya darianii big leaf palm, Madagascar palm    
    Neodypsis decaryi triangle palm #4
    Ravenea louvelii      
    Ravenea rivularis majesty palm    
    Satranala decussilvae Satranabe palm    
    Voanioala gerardii forest coconut    
  Passifloraceae—Passionflowers Adenia olaboensis adenia    
  Portulaceae—lewisias, portulacas, purslanes Anacampseros spp. purselanes #4
   Avonia spp.   #4
    Lewisia serrata saw-toothed lewisia #4
  Primulaceae—Cyclamens Cyclamen spp.  cyclamens #4; except artificially propagated cultivars of Cyclamen persicum (cultivars). Exemption does not apply to specimens traded as dormant tubers.
  Ranunculaceae—golden seals, yellow adonis, yellow root Adonis vernalis yellow adonis, spring adonis #2
   Hydrastis canadensis goldenseal #8
  Rosaceae—African cherry, stinkwood Prunus africana African stinkwood #4
  Sarracenaceae—Pitcher plants (New World) Sarracenia spp. pitcher-plants #4; except the species included in Schedule 1.
  Scrophulariaceae—Kutki Picrorhiza kurrooa   #2; excludes Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora.
  Stangeriaceae—Stangerias Bowenia spp.   #4
  Taxaceae—Himalayan yew Taxus chinensis and infraspecific taxa of this species   #2
    Taxus cuspidata and infraspecific taxa of this species   #2. Artificially propagated hybrids and cultivars of Taxus cuspidata, live, in pots or other small containers, each consignment being accompanied by a label or document stating the name of the taxon or taxa and the text “artificially propagated”, are not subject to the provisions of the Act.
    Taxus fuana and infraspecific taxa of this species   #2
    Taxus sumatrana and infraspecific taxa of this species   #2
    Taxus wallichiana Himalayan yew #2
  Thymelaeaceae (Aquilaraceae)—Agarwood, Ramin Aquilaria spp. agarwood #4
   Gonystylus spp. ramin #4
   Gyrinops spp. agarwood #4
  Valeranciaceae—Himalayan Spikenard Nardostachys grandiflora Himalayan spikenard #2
  Vitaceae—Grapes Cyphostemma elephantopus elephant foot grape tree    
    Cyphostemma montagnacii lazambohitra    
  Welwitschiaceae—
Welwitschia
 Welwitschia mirabilis Welwitschia #4
  Zamiaceae—Cycads ZAMIACEAE spp. cycads #4; except the species included in Schedule 1.
  Zingiberaceae—Ginger lily Hedychium philippinense Philippine garland-flower #4
  Zygophyllaceae—
Lignum-vitae
 Bulnesia sarmientoi palo santo, verawood #11
   Guaiacum spp. lignum-vitae #2
Notes

When a species is included in one of the schedules, all parts and derivatives of the species are also included in the same schedule unless the species is annotated to indicate that only specific parts and derivatives are included. The symbol # followed by a number placed against the name of a species or higher taxon included in Schedule 2 or 3 refers to a footnote that indicates the parts or derivatives of plants that are designated as “specimens” subject to the provisions of CITES.

1

All parts and derivatives except—

  • (a) seeds, spores, and pollen (including pollinia); and

  • (b) seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers; and

  • (c) cut flowers of artificially propagated plants; and

  • (d) fruits and parts and derivatives thereof of naturalised or artificially propagated plants of the genus Vanilla.

2

All parts and derivatives except—

  • (a) seeds and pollen; and

  • (b) finished products packaged and ready for the retail trade.

3

Whole and sliced roots and parts of roots.

4

All parts and derivatives except—

  • (a) seeds (including seedpods of Orchidaceae), spores, and pollen (including pollinia). The exemption does not apply to seeds from Cactaceae spp. exported from Mexico, and to seeds from Beccariophoenix madagascarensis and Neodypsis decaryi exported from Madagascar; and

  • (b) seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers; and

  • (c) cut flowers of artificially propagated plants; and

  • (d) fruits and parts and derivatives thereof of naturalised or artificially propagated plants of the genus Vanilla (Orchidaceae) and of the family Cactaceae; and

  • (e) stems, flowers, and parts and derivatives thereof of naturalised or artificially propagated plants of the genera Opuntia subgenus Opuntia and Selenicereus (Cactaceae); and

  • (f) finished products of Euphorbia antisyphilitica packaged and ready for retail sale.

5

Logs, sawn wood, and veneer sheets.

6

Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, and plywood.

7

Logs, wood chips, powder, and extracts.

8

Underground parts (ie, roots, rhizomes): whole, parts, and powdered.

9

All parts and derivatives except those bearing a label “Produced from Hoodia spp. material obtained through controlled harvesting and production in collaboration with the CITES Management Authorities of Botswana/Namibia/South Africa under agreement no. BW/NA/ZA xxxxxx”.

10

Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, including unfinished wood articles used for the fabrication of bows for stringed musical instruments.

11

Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, plywood, powder, and extracts.

12

Logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets, plywood, and essential oil (excluding finished products packaged and ready for retail trade).

13

Kernel and any derivative thereof.