Te Ture Whenua Maori Act 1993
Maori Land Act 1993

Part 6
Status of land

129 All land to have particular status for purposes of Act
  • (1) For the purposes of this Act, all land in New Zealand shall have one of the following statuses:

    • (a) Maori customary land:

    • (b) Maori freehold land:

    • (c) General land owned by Maori:

    • (d) General land:

    • (e) Crown land:

    • (f) Crown land reserved for Maori.

    (2) For the purposes of this Act,—

    • (a) land that is held by Maori in accordance with tikanga Maori shall have the status of Maori customary land:

    • (b) land, the beneficial ownership of which has been determined by the Maori Land Court by freehold order, shall have the status of Maori freehold land:

    • (c) land (other than Maori freehold land) that has been alienated from the Crown for a subsisting estate in fee simple shall, while that estate is beneficially owned by a Maori or by a group of persons of whom a majority are Maori, have the status of General land owned by Maori:

    • (d) land (other than Maori freehold land and General land owned by Maori) that has been alienated from the Crown for a subsisting estate in fee simple shall have the status of General land:

    • (e) land (other than Maori customary land and Crown land reserved for Maori) that has not been alienated from the Crown for a subsisting estate in fee simple shall have the status of Crown land:

    • (f) land (other than Maori customary land) that has not been alienated from the Crown for a subsisting estate in fee simple but is set aside or reserved for the use or benefit of Maori shall have the status of Crown land reserved for Maori.

    (3) Notwithstanding anything in subsection (2), where any land had, immediately before the commencement of this Act, any particular status (being a status referred to in subsection (1)) by virtue of any provision of any enactment or of any order made or any thing done in accordance with any such provision, that land shall continue to have that particular status unless and until it is changed in accordance with this Act.

    Compare: 1953 No 94 s 2(1)

    Section 129(2)(c): amended, on 1 July 2002, by section 19 of Te Ture Whenua Maori Amendment Act 2002 (2002 No 16).