Land Transport Act 1998

Part 1 Preliminary provisions

2 Interpretation

(1)

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—

accompany, in relation to the accompanying of an enforcement officer to a place, includes remaining with an enforcement officer at a place whether or not a journey is involved

Agency means the New Zealand Transport Agency established under section 93 of the Land Transport Management Act 2003

alcohol interlock device means a device that—

(a)

is a part of the starting system of a motor vehicle; and

(b)

uses breathalyser technology to determine whether the starting system should start the motor vehicle; and

(c)

is, for the purposes of section 65A, approved by the Minister of Transport (after consulting the Science Minister) by notice in the Gazette

alcohol interlock licence means a driver licence issued to a person who has been authorised to obtain an alcohol interlock licence by an order of a court made under section 65A(2)

alternative fuel system means a fuel storage and conducting system that is used to provide liquid petroleum gas, compressed natural gas, or any other pressurised liquid or gaseous fuel (other than petrol or diesel) for the purpose of propulsion of a vehicle

ambulance means a motor vehicle designed and used principally for the carriage of sick or injured persons

apparently younger than 20 has the same meaning as it has in section 71

approved analyst means—

(a)

a person who is designated by the Science Minister, by notice in the Gazette, as the analyst in charge of an approved laboratory; or

(b)

a person who works in an approved laboratory and who is authorised, by the analyst in charge of that laboratory, to act as an approved analyst, either generally or in a particular case

approved health authority means an institution approved by the Minister, with the agreement of the Minister of Health, for the purposes of section 209

approved laboratory means a laboratory approved by the Science Minister, by notice in the Gazette, for the purposes of analysing blood specimens taken for the purposes of this Act

approved provider, in relation to alcohol interlock devices, means a person approved by the Agency to install, maintain, or remove alcohol interlock devices

approved vehicle surveillance equipment means vehicle surveillance equipment of a kind approved by the Minister of Police, by notice in the Gazette

assessment centre means an establishment or individual for the time being approved as an assessment centre for the purposes of this Act by the chief executive of the Ministry of Health

axle means 1 or more shafts, spindles, or bearings in the same vertical transverse plane by means of which, in conjunction with wheels mounted on those shafts, spindles, or bearings, a portion of the weight of the vehicle is transmitted to the roadway; and, except as the provisions of this Act or of the rules otherwise provide, the following provisions apply for the purposes of this Act and the regulations and rules:

(a)

if 2 or more wheels of a motor vehicle are substantially in the same line transversely and some or all of them have separate axles, the axles of all those wheels are to be treated as 1 axle:

(b)

if the longitudinal centre line of an axle of a motor vehicle is less than 1 metre distant from the longitudinal centre line of another axle, the 2 axles are to be treated as 1 axle (a dual axle):

(c)

for the purposes of measuring the distance of a dual axle from any other axle, the measurement must be taken from the longitudinal centre line of that one of the 2 axles comprising the dual axle which is nearer to the axle from which the distance is to be measured

blood specimen means a specimen of venous blood taken in accordance with normal medical procedures

blood specimen collecting instrument means—

(a)

a needle and syringe; or

(b)

an instrument of a kind designed for the taking of blood specimens approved by the Minister of Police (after consulting the Science Minister and the Minister of Transport) by notice in the Gazette

blood specimen collecting kit means a package having endorsed on it or affixed to it or included in it a label indicating that it is a blood specimen collecting kit and that it has been supplied by or on behalf of a laboratory for the time being approved by the Science Minister, by notice in the Gazette, for the purpose of supplying or causing to be supplied blood specimen collecting kits

blood specimen collecting procedure means the taking of a blood specimen by a blood specimen collecting instrument in a manner prescribed by the Minister of Police by notice in the Gazette

blood test means the analysis of a blood specimen

blood test fee means the fee for the analysis of a blood specimen prescribed by the Minister of Police, by notice in the Gazette, under section 67

breath screening device means a device of a kind approved for the purpose of breath screening tests by the Minister of Police, by notice in the Gazette

breath screening test means a test carried out by means of a breath screening device in a manner prescribed in respect of that device by the Minister of Police, by notice in the Gazette

carriage includes haulage

certificate of compliance means a certificate given under section 75A by a person authorised by the Science Minister

certificate of loading means a certificate of loading issued under the regulations or the rules

Commissioner means the Commissioner of Police

compulsory impairment test means a test, carried out in a manner prescribed by the Minister of Police by notice in the Gazette, to determine whether a person’s capacity to drive is impaired

control, in relation to a transport service, means direct or indirect control of the management of the whole or part of the transport service by a shareholding or the holding of any position (however described) in the management of the whole or part of the transport service that gives the person a significant influence on the operation of the whole or part of the service (whether or not other persons are also involved)

court means the District Court

cruising means driving repeatedly in the same direction over the same section of a road in a motor vehicle in a manner that—

(a)

draws attention to the power or sound of the engine of the motor vehicle being driven; or

(b)

creates a convoy that—

(i)

is formed otherwise than in trade; and

(ii)

impedes traffic flow

cumulative work day means a period—

(a)

during which work occurs; and

(b)

that—

(i)

does not exceed 24 hours; and

(ii)

begins after a continuous period of rest time of at least 10 hours

cumulative work period means a set of cumulative work days between continuous periods of rest time of at least 24 hours

dangerous goods means goods declared by rules made under this Act to be dangerous goods

dangerous goods enforcement officer means a person appointed by warrant under section 208

design, in relation to a motor vehicle, refers to the construction of the motor vehicle, and not its use or intended use; and designed has a corresponding meaning

doctor’s surgery means a medical practitioner’s surgery or any other place where a medical examination or medical care or treatment is carried out or given

drink means alcoholic drink

driver, in relation to a vehicle, includes the rider of the motorcycle or moped or bicycle; and drive has a corresponding meaning

driver licence means a licence to drive that is issued or has effect under this Act; and includes an endorsement on a driver licence

driver licence stop order means an order imposed under section 91E

enforcement authority, in relation to an infringement offence, means (except in relation to Part 17)

(a)

the New Zealand Police, in any case:

(b)

the Agency, in the case of an infringement offence for which an infringement notice is issued by an employee of the Agency or on behalf of the Agency:

(ba)

an airport authority:

(c)
[Repealed]

(d)

a local authority, in the case of an infringement offence for which an infringement notice is issued by an employee of the local authority or on behalf of the local authority:

(e)

a public road controlling authority that is an enforcement authority for the purposes of an Order in Council made under section 46 of the Land Transport Management Act 2003, in the case of an infringement offence that is a toll offence

enforcement officer means—

(a)

a constable:

(b)

a Police employee who is not a constable who is authorised for the purpose by the Commissioner:

(c)

a person who is appointed to that office by warrant under section 208 or who holds that office by virtue of this Act

evidence of vehicle inspection, in relation to a vehicle, means any certificate, label, or document issued under this Act as evidence of the completion of the periodic vehicle inspection requirements in respect of that vehicle

evidential breath test means a test carried out by means of an evidential breath-testing device in a manner prescribed in respect of that device by the Minister of Police, by notice in the Gazette

evidential breath-testing device means a device of a kind approved for the purpose of evidential breath tests by the Minister of Police, by notice in the Gazette

facilitate, in relation to a small passenger service,—

(a)

means to enable drivers and passengers to connect by electronic or any other means (for example, by telephone, Internet site, application, or software); but

(b)

does not include the mere provision of an answering or call centre service

facilitated cost-sharing arrangement means a small passenger service that is facilitated by a facilitator (whether or not the facilitator is paid) under which a passenger is carried in return for the driver’s costs being reimbursed, which costs—

(a)

may be up to a maximum amount per kilometre set by the Minister by notice in the Gazette (for example, the costs of fuel and reasonable vehicle wear and tear); but

(b)

may not include—

(i)

payment for the driver’s driving or travelling time; or

(ii)

any infringement fee incurred in the course of the journey; or

(iii)

registration and licensing costs for the driver or the driver’s vehicle

facilitator means a person who facilitates a small passenger service

financial year, in relation to the Agency, means the period of 12 months commencing on 1 July and ending with the close of 30 June

fire brigade includes—

(a)

a defence fire brigade and an industry brigade (as those terms are defined in section 6 of the Fire and Emergency New Zealand Act 2017); and

(b)

employed firefighters or other members of a defence fire brigade or an industry brigade; and

(c)

employees, volunteers, and contractors of Fire and Emergency New Zealand who are operational personnel delivering designated services (as those terms are defined in section 6 of the Fire and Emergency New Zealand Act 2017)

former enactment means a provision of the Transport Act 1962, or of Part 2 of the Transport (Vehicle and Driver Registration and Licensing) Act 1986, or of the Land Transport Act 1993, repealed by this Act

goods means all kinds of movable personal property; and includes articles sent by post, and animals

goods service

(a)

means the carriage of goods on any road, whether or not for hire or reward, by means of a motor vehicle whose gross vehicle mass is 6 000 kg or more; and

(b)

includes the letting on hire of a motor vehicle whose gross vehicle mass is 6 000 kg or more by a person who drives the vehicle or provides a driver for the vehicle, where the motor vehicle is used for the carriage of goods; but

(c)

does not include—

(i)

a vehicle recovery service; or

(ii)

a service involving the carriage of goods for personal domestic purposes where the service is not operated for more than a total of 7 days in any 12-month period; or

(iii)

any carriage of goods by a passenger service vehicle where the carriage is part of a contract for the carriage of passengers or where the carriage is of such small amounts of goods, or occurs so infrequently, that it does not form a significant part of the overall operations of the vehicle; or

(iv)

the use of trucks by licensed motor vehicle dealers to carry goods for demonstration and sale purposes; or

(v)

the use of vintage vehicles to carry goods for display purposes; or

(vi)

the use of trailers towed by small passenger service vehicles to carry passengers’ luggage; or

(vii)

any service specified as an exempt goods service in the regulations or the rules

goods service licence means a licence granted or deemed to be granted under subpart 3 of Part 4A that authorises its holder to carry on a goods service

goods service vehicle

(a)

means a motor vehicle used or capable of being used in a goods service for the carriage of goods; but

(b)

does not include a vehicle specified as an exempt goods service vehicle in the regulations or the rules

gross vehicle mass means the maximum safe operating mass for a vehicle (including the mass of any accessories, crew, passengers, or load) that is derived from the design, capabilities, and capacities of the vehicle’s construction, systems, and components, and that—

(a)

is determined by—

(i)

the Agency; or

(ii)

the manufacturer of the vehicle; or

(iii)

if the vehicle is modified after manufacture, a certifier approved by the Agency; and

(b)

may be recorded in kilograms on the register of motor vehicles

gross weight, in relation to a vehicle or combination of vehicles, means the weight of the vehicle or of the vehicles comprising the combination, together with the load that the vehicle or (as the case may be) the vehicles are for the time being carrying, including equipment and accessories; and, for the purposes of this Act and of the regulations and the rules, and without limiting the methods by which the gross weight of a vehicle may be determined, the gross weight of a vehicle may be determined by adding the weight on its axles or groups of axles

health practitioner has the same meaning as in section 5 of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003

heavy motor vehicle means a motor vehicle (other than a motorcar that is not used, kept, or available for the carriage of passengers for hire or reward) having a gross vehicle mass exceeding 3 500 kg

heavy traffic means—

(a)

the use of any heavy motor vehicle; or

(b)

any other traffic declared to be heavy traffic by the Agency by notice in the Gazette

hospital means a hospital care institution within the meaning of section 58(4) of the Health and Disability Services (Safety) Act 2001

image, in relation to approved vehicle surveillance equipment, includes a photograph, an electronic form of information storage, and the display and transmission of any pictorial or digital information

infringement offence means—

(a)

a moving vehicle offence:

(ab)

a stationary vehicle offence:

(b)

an overloading or over-dimension offence:

(ba)

an offence against this Act concerning logbooks that is committed by a transport service driver:

(c)

an infringement offence specified in regulations made under this Act:

(ca)

a toll offence:

(d)

any other offence against this Act or any other enactment that is specified as an infringement offence against this Act (other than an offence that carries a penalty of imprisonment or mandatory disqualification from holding or obtaining a driver licence)

large passenger service means a passenger service provided in a large passenger service vehicle

large passenger service licence means a licence granted or deemed to be granted under subpart 3 of Part 4A that authorises its holder to carry on a large passenger service

land transport means transport on land by any means and the infrastructure facilitating such transport; and includes rail, surface-effect vehicles, and harbour ferries

land transport documents means licences, permits, approvals, authorisations, exemptions, certificates, and similar documents issued under the Transport Act 1962, the Road User Charges Act 2012, the Transport (Vehicle and Driver Registration and Licensing) Act 1986, the Government Roading Powers Act 1989, or this Act

land transport register includes—

(a)

registers kept under this Act, the Railways Act 2005, or the Road User Charges Act 2012; and

(b)

other information and records relating to vehicle and operator licensing kept by the Agency

large passenger service vehicle means any passenger service vehicle that is designed or adapted to carry more than 12 persons (including the driver)

licensed means,—

(a)

in relation to a driver,—

(i)

licensed by or under this Act to drive vehicles of a specified class or classes; or

(ii)

licensed for a specified purpose or to carry out a specified activity, including an authority conferred by an endorsement on a driver licence:

(b)

in relation to a vehicle, licensed under Part 17

light rail vehicle has the same meaning as in section 4(1) of the Railways Act 2005

light rental service vehicle means a rental service vehicle having a gross vehicle mass of not more than 3 500 kg

load

(a)

includes part of a load; and

(b)

includes covers, ropes, ties, blocks, tackles, barrows, or other equipment or object used in the securing or containing of loads on vehicles or the loading or unloading of vehicles, whether or not any other load is on the vehicle; but

(c)

does not include animal wastes discharged from animals being carried on a vehicle at the time

local authority means any regional council or territorial authority within the meaning of the Local Government Act 2002

logbook means a logbook that is in a form approved by the Agency in accordance with the rules, and includes any alternative means approved under section 30ZG

mass, in relation to a vehicle, means the quantity of material contained in or on that vehicle that, when subjected to acceleration due to gravity, will exert downwards on a level surface a force that can be measured as the weight of the vehicle

medical expenses means the expenses incurred by a medical practitioner or medical officer in taking a blood specimen

medical laboratory technologist means a health practitioner who is, or is deemed to be, registered with the Medical Sciences Council of New Zealand continued by section 114(1)(a) of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 as a practitioner of the profession of medical laboratory science

medical officer means—

(a)

a person acting in a hospital and who, in the normal course of the person’s duties, takes blood specimens; or

(b)

a nurse; or

(c)

a medical laboratory technologist

medical practitioner means a health practitioner who is, or is deemed to be, registered with the Medical Council of New Zealand continued by section 114(1)(a) of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 as a practitioner of the profession of medicine

member means a person appointed as a member of the Agency

Minister means the Minister of the Crown who, under the authority of any warrant or with the authority of the Prime Minister, is for the time being responsible for the administration of this Act or the relevant Part or provision of this Act

Minister of Police means, subject to any enactment, the Minister who, under authority of any warrant or with the authority of the Prime Minister, is for the time being responsible for the Police

Ministry means, subject to any enactment, the Ministry that is, with the approval of the Prime Minister, for the time being responsible for the administration of this Act

mobility device means—

(a)

a vehicle that—

(i)

is designed and constructed (not merely adapted) for use by persons who require mobility assistance due to a physical or neurological impairment; and

(ii)

is powered solely by a motor that has a maximum power output not exceeding 1 500 W; or

(b)

a vehicle that the Agency has declared under section 168A(1) to be a mobility device

moped means a motor vehicle (other than a power-assisted pedal cycle) that has—

(a)

2 or 3 wheels; and

(b)

a maximum speed not exceeding 50 kilometres per hour; and

(c)

either—

(i)

an engine cylinder capacity not exceeding 50 cc; or

(ii)

a power source other than a piston engine

motor vehicle

(a)

means a vehicle drawn or propelled by mechanical power; and

(b)

includes a trailer; but

(c)

does not include—

(i)

a vehicle running on rails; or

(ii)
[Repealed]

(iii)

a trailer (other than a trailer designed solely for the carriage of goods) that is designed and used exclusively as part of the armament of the New Zealand Defence Force; or

(iv)

a trailer running on 1 wheel and designed exclusively as a speed measuring device or for testing the wear of vehicle tyres; or

(v)

a vehicle designed for amusement purposes and used exclusively within a place of recreation, amusement, or entertainment to which the public does not have access with motor vehicles; or

(vi)

a pedestrian-controlled machine; or

(vii)

a vehicle that the Agency has declared under section 168A is not a motor vehicle; or

(viii)

a mobility device

motorcycle

(a)

means a motor vehicle running on 2 wheels, or not more than 3 wheels when fitted with a sidecar; and

(b)

includes a vehicle with motorcycle controls that is approved as a motorcycle by the Agency; but

(c)

does not include a moped

moving vehicle offence means an offence detected by approved vehicle surveillance equipment that is—

(a)

a speeding offence; or

(b)

an offence in respect of the failure to comply with the directions given by a traffic signal or a traffic sign that is a variable traffic or lane control sign; or

(c)

any offence against regulations made under this Act or the Transport (Vehicle and Driver Registration and Licensing) Act 1986 that is declared by regulations under this Act to be a moving vehicle offence for the purposes of this definition; or

(d)

a toll offence

novice driver has the meaning specified by the rules

nurse means a health practitioner who is, or is deemed to be, registered with the Nursing Council of New Zealand continued by section 114(1)(a) of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 as a practitioner of the profession of nursing whose scope of practice permits the performance of general nursing functions

offence against this Act includes an offence against or prescribed by the regulations

operate, in relation to a vehicle, means to drive or use the vehicle on a road, or to cause or permit the vehicle to be on a road or to be driven on a road, whether or not the person is present with the vehicle; and operator has a corresponding meaning

optometrist means a health practitioner who is, or is deemed to be, registered with the Optometrists and Dispensing Opticians Board continued by section 114(1)(a) of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 as a practitioner of the profession of optometry

organised criminal activity means an activity that—

(a)

involves 2 or more persons; and

(b)

has the acquisition of income or assets by means of a continuing course of criminal conduct as one of its objects

outputs means the goods and services that are produced by the Agency

over-dimension offence means an offence against any enactment that is specified as an over-dimension offence by the regulations

overloading offence means an offence against any enactment that is specified as an overloading offence by the regulations

owner, in relation to a motor vehicle, means the person lawfully entitled to possession of the vehicle, except where—

(a)

the motor vehicle is subject to a bailment that is for a period not exceeding 28 days; or

(b)

the motor vehicle is let on hire pursuant to the terms of a rental-service licence,—

in which case owner means the person who, but for the bailment or letting on hire, would be lawfully entitled to possession of the motor vehicle; and owned and ownership have corresponding meanings

parking means,—

(a)

in relation to any portion of a road where parking is for the time being governed by the location of parking meters placed pursuant to a bylaw of a local authority, the stopping or standing of a vehicle on that portion of the road for any period exceeding 5 minutes:

(b)

in relation to any other portion of a road, the stopping or standing of a vehicle on that portion of the road

parking offence means an offence described in paragraph (a) of the definition of stationary vehicle offence

parking warden means a person appointed to hold the office of parking warden under section 128D

participant, in relation to the land transport system, means a person who does anything for which a land transport document is required

passenger service

(a)

means—

(i)

the carriage of passengers on any road for hire or reward by means of a motor vehicle; and

(ii)

the carriage of passengers on any road, whether or not for hire or reward, by means of a large passenger service vehicle; and

(b)

includes the carriage of passengers on any road—

(i)

that involves a specific charge on passengers for transport, including part payments to cover fuel and donations (which are expected as a condition of carriage); or

(ii)

by a person or an organisation that is funded by another person or organisation specifically for the provision of transport; or

(iia)

after a connection between a passenger and a small passenger service facilitated by a facilitator; or

(iii)

in which the carriage of passengers is an integral part of, or reasonably necessary to provide, another service or activity (other than a transport service) for which payment is made; or

(iv)

in which the carriage of passengers is made using the vehicle provided by one of the passengers and the driver is paid for the carriage; or

(v)

that involves the letting on hire of a vehicle by a person who drives the vehicle or provides a driver for the vehicle if, during the hiring, the vehicle is used for the carriage of passengers; but

(c)

does not include—

(i)

private ambulance services provided by organisations primarily for their employees, being ambulance services that are available to the general public in an emergency only when public ambulance services cannot provide a service; or

(ii)

any service using a vehicle that is specified as an exempt passenger service vehicle in the regulations or the rules; or

(iii)

any service specified as an exempt passenger service in the regulations or the rules

passenger service vehicle

(a)

means a vehicle used or available for use in a passenger service for the carriage of passengers; but

(b)

does not include—

(i)

a vehicle designed or adapted to carry 12 or fewer persons (including the driver) provided by one of the passengers being carried; or

(ii)

a vehicle specified as an exempt passenger service vehicle in the regulations or the rules

passive breath-testing device means a passive breath-testing device of a kind approved by the Minister of Police, by notice in the Gazette

permanent speed limit means a maximum speed limit set by a regulation or rule made under this Act and that is in force except when a holiday, variable, minimum, or temporary speed limit is in force

positive, in relation to an evidential breath test, means an evidential breath test that indicates,—

(a)

in the case of a person who holds an alcohol interlock licence or a zero alcohol licence, that the breath of the person who underwent the test contains alcohol; or

(b)

in the case of a person who is apparently younger than 20, that the breath of the person who underwent the test contains alcohol; or

(c)

in the case of any other person, that the proportion of alcohol in the breath of the person who underwent the test exceeds 250 micrograms of alcohol per litre of breath

premises, in sections 130 and 131, includes a vehicle, rail vehicle, carriage, box, or receptacle; but does not include a dwelling or Maori reservation constituted by or under the Maori Affairs Act 1953 or Part 17 of Te Ture Whenua Maori Act 1993

prescribed means,—

(a)

in relation to a matter under this Act, prescribed by this Act or by regulations, rules, or notice made under this Act:

(b)

in relation to a matter prescribed under any other enactment, prescribed in accordance with that enactment

prescription medicine has the same meaning as in section 3(3) of the Medicines Act 1981

private analyst means a person qualified by academic or technical training in chemical or biochemical analysis; and includes a body corporate or organisation that employs such a person

proceedings, in relation to an infringement offence, means proceedings under the Criminal Procedure Act 2011 or the Summary Proceedings Act 1957; and includes the issue of an infringement notice under section 139

qualifying bylaw means a bylaw made by a road controlling authority under section 22AB(1)(a) of this Act, or section 145 of the Local Government Act 2002 for the stated purpose of—

(a)

restricting or placing conditions on the racing of motor vehicles or any associated activities:

(b)

controlling or restricting cruising or any associated activities

qualifying drug

(a)

means any substance, preparation, mixture, or article containing—

(i)

a controlled drug specified in Schedule 1, Schedule 2, or Part 1, 4, or 7 of Schedule 3 of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1975; and

(ii)

any of the following drugs:

(A)

Alprazolam:

(B)

Bromazepam:

(C)

Brotizolam:

(D)

Camazepam:

(E)

Chlordiazepoxide:

(F)

Clobazam:

(G)

Clonazepam:

(H)

Clotiazepam:

(I)

Cloxazolam:

(J)

Delorazepam:

(K)

Diazepam:

(L)

Estazolam:

(M)

Ethyl loflazepate:

(N)

Fludiazepam:

(O)

Flunitrazepam:

(P)

Flurazepam:

(Q)

Halazepam:

(R)

Haloxazolam:

(S)

Ketazolam:

(T)

Loprazolam:

(U)

Lorazepam:

(V)

Lormetazepam:

(W)

Medazepam:

(X)

Midazolam:

(Y)

Nimetazepam:

(Z)

Nitrazepam:

(ZA)

Nordazepam:

(ZB)

Oxazepam:

(ZC)

Oxazolam:

(ZD)

Pinazepam:

(ZE)

Prazepam:

(ZF)

Temazepam:

(ZG)

Tetrazepam:

(ZH)

Triazolam; and

(b)

includes—

(i)

any controlled drug analogue (within the meaning of controlled drug analogue in section 2(1) of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1975); and

(ii)

any prescription medicine; but

(c)

excludes any substance, preparation, mixture, or article specified in paragraph (a) or (b)(i) if it is excluded by regulations made under this Act

rail operator has the same meaning as in section 4(1) of the Railways Act 2005

rail participant has the same meaning as in section 4(1) of the Railways Act 2005

rail vehicle has the same meaning as in section 4(1) of the Railways Act 2005

regional council means a regional council within the meaning of the Local Government Act 2002

register of motor vehicles means the register continued and maintained under section 234

registered, in relation to a vehicle, means registered under Part 17

Registrar, in relation to the execution of a warrant of confiscation, means any Registrar of the High Court or of the District Court, as the case may require, and includes a Deputy Registrar

the regulations means regulations made under this Act and the regulations referred to in section 218

rental service means the letting of a motor vehicle on hire for the carriage of passengers (including the driver) or of goods, or both, to a person who drives the vehicle or provides a driver for the vehicle; but does not include—

(a)

the letting of a motor vehicle under a hire purchase agreement or a bailment that is for a period exceeding 6 months; or

(b)

the hiring of trailers with a gross vehicle mass not exceeding 3 500 kg; or

(c)

any service specified as an exempt rental service in the regulations or the rules

rental service licence means a licence granted or deemed to be granted under subpart 3 of Part 4A that authorises its holder to carry on a rental service

rental service vehicle means a vehicle used or available for use in a rental service for letting on hire for the carriage of passengers or goods, or both, to a person who drives the vehicle or provides a driver for the vehicle; but does not include a vehicle specified as an exempt vehicle in this Act or the regulations or the rules

representative means an agent authorised by a small passenger service operator to—

(a)

engage with the Agency on matters relating to the operator’s compliance with the relevant requirements of this Act, the regulations, and the rules; and

(b)

accept service of legal documents on behalf of the operator

responsible clinician has the same meaning as it has in section 2(1) of the Mental Health (Compulsory Assessment and Treatment) Act 1992

rest time means all time that—

(a)

is not work time; and

(b)

is at least 30 minutes in duration; and

(c)

is not spent in a moving vehicle associated with work

road includes—

(a)

a street; and

(b)

a motorway; and

(c)

a beach; and

(d)

a place to which the public have access, whether as of right or not; and

(e)

all bridges, culverts, ferries, and fords forming part of a road or street or motorway, or a place referred to in paragraph (d); and

(f)

all sites at which vehicles may be weighed for the purposes of this Act or any other enactment

road controlling authority, in relation to a road,—

(a)

means the authority, body, or person having control of the road; and

(b)

includes a person acting under and within the terms of a delegation or authorisation given by the controlling authority

the rules means the ordinary rules and emergency rules made under this Act and the rules referred to in section 220

Science Minister means, subject to any enactment, the Minister of the Crown who, under the authority of any warrant or with the authority of the Prime Minister, is for the time being responsible for the administration of the Research, Science, and Technology Act 2010

Secretary means the chief executive of the Ministry

service, in Part 4A, includes—

(a)

an operation carried out on 1 occasion only; and

(b)

an operation carried out solely for the benefit of the persons carrying it out

site, in section 147, means a site where a dynamic axle weigher is used

small passenger service means a passenger service provided in—

(a)

a small passenger service vehicle; or

(b)

a vehicle designed or adapted to carry 12 or fewer persons (including the driver) that is provided by one of the passengers being carried; or

(c)

a vehicle designed or adapted to carry 12 or fewer persons (including the driver) that is being used in a facilitated cost-sharing arrangement

small passenger service licence means a licence granted or deemed to be granted under subpart 3 of Part 4A that authorises its holder to carry on or facilitate a small passenger service

small passenger service operator

(a)

means a person who carries on a small passenger service; and

(b)

includes a facilitator; but

(c)

does not include any other person who is a driver in the small passenger service or who otherwise assists in the small passenger service

small passenger service vehicle means any passenger service vehicle that is designed or adapted to carry 12 or fewer persons (including the driver)

special vehicle lane has the meaning given to it in clause 1.6 of the Land Transport (Road User) Rule 2004

speed limit means a speed limit set by or under this Act, the Local Government Act 1974, the Government Roading Powers Act 1989, or the rules

speeding offence means an offence which consists solely of exceeding a speed limit

stationary vehicle offence means—

(a)

parking in any portion of a road in breach of—

(i)

any Act or regulation; or

(ii)

any bylaw made under section 22AB(1)(m) to (o):

(b)

any offence specified as a stationary vehicle offence in regulations made under this Act

storage provider means a person who stores vehicles impounded under this Act

territorial authority means a territorial authority within the meaning of the Local Government Act 2002

toll has the same meaning as in section 5 of the Land Transport Management Act 2003

toll offence means an offence against section 54(1) of the Land Transport Management Act 2003

towage fee, in respect of a parking offence, means an amount specified as the towage fee in respect of that offence by the Secretary by notice in the Gazette; and, for the purposes of this definition, the Secretary may prescribe different rates of towage fees in respect of different classes of persons, vehicles, products, or any other property or item, or on the basis of different times of use, or different distances, or on any other differential basis

traction engine means a vehicle that—

(a)

is propelled by steam power; and

(b)

is not a rail vehicle within the meaning of section 4(1) of the Railways Act 2005; and

(c)

is not designed for the carriage of goods or persons other than the driver and, if appropriate, other persons involved in its operation

traffic control device includes any—

(a)

sign, signal, or notice; or

(b)

traffic calming device; or

(c)

marking or road surface treatment—

used on a road for the purpose of traffic control

transport service

(a)

means any goods service, passenger service, rental service, or vehicle recovery service; but

(b)

does not include—

(i)

licensed rail participants under the Railways Act 2005; and

(ii)

any service specified as an exempt transport service in the regulations or the rules

transport service driver means any person who is, or is from time to time, employed or engaged in driving a vehicle being used in a transport service other than a rental service, whether or not that person is licensed or required to hold a licence to drive such a vehicle

transport service licence means any of the following licences granted or deemed to be granted under subpart 3 of Part 4A:

(a)

a goods service licence:

(b)

a large passenger service licence:

(c)

a rental service licence:

(d)

a small passenger service licence:

(e)

a vehicle recovery service licence

transport service operator

(a)

means a person who carries on a transport service; and

(b)

includes, in relation to a small passenger service, a facilitator; but

(c)

does not include any other person who is a driver in the transport service or who otherwise assists in the transport service

transport service vehicle means any goods service vehicle, passenger service vehicle, rental service vehicle, or vehicle recovery service vehicle; but does not include—

(a)

a rail vehicle under the Railways Act 2005; or

(b)

a vehicle running on self-laying tracks or rollers; or

(c)

a vehicle that operates solely on or in areas to which the public does not have access as of right (whether or not that vehicle is used on a road in connection with that vehicle’s inspection, servicing, or repair, or for the purposes of a practical driving test required under any enactment); or

(d)

a vehicle used as a place of abode to the extent that it is not used in a rental service; or

(e)

a vehicle listed as a farm vehicle in Part 1 of the Schedule of the Transit New Zealand (Apportionment and Refund of Excise Duty) Regulations 1998 or in any provisions made in substitution for that schedule; or

(f)

a tractor (being a motor vehicle designed principally for traction at speeds not exceeding 50 km per hour); or

(g)

a forklift (being a motor vehicle designed principally for lifting and stacking goods by means of 1 or more forks, tines, platens, or clamps); or

(h)

a hearse; or

(i)

a traction engine

unladen weight, in relation to a vehicle, means the weight of the vehicle together with the fuel in its fuel system (if any) and the equipment and accessories on it that are necessary for its operation for the purpose for which it was designed

unlicensed, in relation to a driver, includes holding an expired licence

vehicle

(a)

means a contrivance equipped with wheels, tracks, or revolving runners on which it moves or is moved; and

(b)

includes a hovercraft, a skateboard, in-line skates, and roller skates; but

(c)

does not include—

(i)

a perambulator or pushchair:

(ii)

a shopping or sporting trundler not propelled by mechanical power:

(iii)

a wheelbarrow or hand-trolley:

(iv)
[Repealed]

(v)

a pedestrian-controlled lawnmower:

(vi)

a pedestrian-controlled agricultural machine not propelled by mechanical power:

(vii)

an article of furniture:

(viii)

a wheelchair not propelled by mechanical power:

(ix)

any other contrivance specified by the rules not to be a vehicle for the purposes of this definition:

(x)

any rail vehicle

vehicle recovery service

(a)

means the towing or carrying on any road of a motor vehicle, irrespective of the size or design of the towing or carrying vehicle, and whether or not the towing or carrying of the vehicle is carried out by a person intending to carry out repairs on the vehicle; but

(b)

does not include—

(i)

the towing or carrying of any motorcycle or moped; or

(ii)

the towing or carrying of one motor vehicle by another where—

(A)

the towing or carrying is not carried out directly or indirectly for reward; and

(B)

the towing or carrying vehicle is not designed or adapted for the purpose of towing or carrying motor vehicles; or

(iii)

the towing or carrying of a vehicle by a person who owns the vehicle; or

(iv)

the towing of disabled vehicles using a rope or flat tow by—

(A)

a person employed by, or contracted to, a motoring association or insurance company where the towing is limited to removal of the vehicle to a place of safety; or

(B)

the owner or employee of a garage or workshop who intends to carry out repairs to the vehicle; or

(v)

the removal of vehicles by New Zealand Defence Force tow trucks at the request of an enforcement officer; or

(vi)

routine towing services operated by New Zealand Defence Force personnel in areas where there is no suitable and available commercial towing service nearby; or

(vii)

any service where the Agency has provided the transport service operator with a written notice that—

(A)

must be carried in the vehicle used in the service; and

(B)

specifies that the nature of the service is such that the carriage of vehicles should be treated as the carriage of goods; or

(viii)

any service specified as an exempt vehicle recovery service in the regulations or the rules

vehicle recovery service licence means a licence granted or deemed to be granted under subpart 3 of Part 4A that authorises its holder to carry on a vehicle recovery service

vehicle recovery service vehicle

(a)

means a vehicle used or available for use in a vehicle recovery service for towing or carrying on a road any motor vehicle; but

(b)

does not include any vehicle specified as an exempt vehicle recovery service vehicle in the regulations or the rules

weight,—

(a)

in relation to a wheel, an axle, a group of axles, or a vehicle, means the weight, or, as the case may be, the sum of the weights, recorded or displayed on a weighing device of a type approved for the purpose by the Minister of Police, by notice in the Gazette, and used in a manner prescribed by the Minister of Police, by notice in the Gazette:

(b)

in relation to the load on a vehicle, means the gross weight of the vehicle less its unladen weight

work time includes (but is not limited to) all the time spent—

(a)

driving a vehicle to which section 30ZB(1) applies:

(b)

performing work-related duties, including (but not limited to)—

(i)

loading and unloading:

(ii)

maintenance and cleaning of vehicles (other than unpaid cleaning outside working hours):

(iii)

administration or recording:

(c)

in any paid employment (other than paid leave or paid breaks of at least 30 minutes’ duration), whether or not related to transport activities

zero alcohol licence means a licence that—

(a)

is issued to a person who is authorised to obtain the licence by a court order made under section 65B(2); and

(b)

authorises the person to drive on the condition that neither the person’s breath nor the person’s blood contains alcohol.

(1A)

If a transport service includes the use of vehicles that are specified as exempt vehicles in the regulations or the rules, the operation of those vehicles is not to be treated as part of the operation of the service.

(2)

A notice or replacement notice given by any Minister in the Gazette for any purpose specified in subsection (1) or in section 75A(5), and a corresponding notice given under any former enactment and continued in force by this Act, is a legislative instrument and a disallowable instrument for the purposes of the Legislation Act 2012 and may be amended from time to time, or revoked or replaced, by the responsible Minister in the same manner.

(3)

A notice or replacement notice under subsection (1) that is given by the Minister of Police in the Gazette for the purposes of approving a kind of device or a test may—

(a)

define an approved device as a device that bears or is associated by its manufacturer with such trade name or number or other expression, or any combination of those things, as may be specified in the notice:

(b)

provide for a test, or part of a test, to be carried out in accordance with instructions displayed or printed on or by a specified kind of device.

(4)

In the absence of proof to the contrary, a device is to be treated as bearing or being associated with a particular trade name or number or other expression if that name or number or other expression—

(a)

appears on the device, whether on a label or otherwise, or is shown on a display panel on the device; or

(b)

is printed out by the device on a card or on paper; or

(c)

appears on printed matter that—

(i)

accompanies the device; and

(ii)

is associated with the device or is intended by the manufacturer of the device to be associated with the device; and

(iii)

is issued by or on behalf of the manufacturer.

(5)

Despite anything in subsection (1), for the purposes of any proceedings against an offence of failing to comply with work time restrictions or rest time requirements, where no continuous period of rest of least 10 hours is or has been taken, a cumulative work day is to be treated as a period that—

(a)

begins from the commencement of any work time; and

(b)

ends only after a continuous period of rest of at least 10 hours is taken.

Compare: 1962 No 135 ss 2, 57A

Section 2(1) Agency: inserted, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) alcohol interlock device: inserted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(17) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) alcohol interlock licence: inserted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(17) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) approved provider: inserted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(17) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) approved taxi organisation: repealed, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(1) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) assessment centre: amended, on 11 August 2017, by section 89(1) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) Authority: repealed, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) blood specimen collecting instrument: inserted, on 5 November 2011, by section 4(18) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) blood specimen collecting procedure: inserted, on 5 November 2011, by section 4(18) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) blood test: amended, on 1 November 2009, by section 5(1) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 17).

Section 2(1) blood test fee: amended, on 1 November 2009, by section 5(2) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 17).

Section 2(1) Board and Transfund: repealed, on 1 December 2004, by section 3(1) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2004 (2004 No 96).

Section 2(1) certificate of compliance: inserted, on 29 December 2001, by section 4(1) of the Land Transport (Road Safety Enforcement) Amendment Act 2001 (2001 No 104).

Section 2(1) commercial public transport service: repealed, on 13 June 2013, by section 72 of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 35).

Section 2(1) compulsory impairment test: inserted, on 1 November 2009, by section 5(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 17).

Section 2(1) conclusive evidential breath-testing device: repealed, on 29 December 2001, by section 4(2) of the Land Transport (Road Safety Enforcement) Amendment Act 2001 (2001 No 104).

Section 2(1) control: inserted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) control: amended, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(2)(a) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) control: amended, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(2)(b) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) control: amended, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(2)(c) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) controlled drug: repealed (without coming into force), on 1 November 2009, by section 4(2) of the Land Transport (Enforcement Powers) Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 36).

Section 2(1) court: amended, on 1 March 2017, by section 261 of the District Court Act 2016 (2016 No 49).

Section 2(1) cruising: inserted, on 1 December 2009, by section 4(1) of the Land Transport (Enforcement Powers) Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 36).

Section 2(1) cumulative work day: inserted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) cumulative work period: inserted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) Director: repealed, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) doctor’s surgery: amended, on 18 September 2004, by section 175(1) of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 (2003 No 48).

Section 2(1) driver licence stop order: inserted, on 1 November 2013, by section 4 of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 31).

Section 2(1) enforcement authority: substituted, on 28 June 2006, by section 4(1) of the Land Transport Amendment Act (No 2) 2006 (2006 No 30).

Section 2(1) enforcement authority: amended, on 1 May 2011, by section 35(1) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 17).

Section 2(1) enforcement authority paragraph (b): amended, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) enforcement authority paragraph (ba): inserted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(1) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) enforcement authority paragraph (c): repealed, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) enforcement authority paragraph (d): substituted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(2) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) enforcement officer paragraph (a): amended, on 1 October 2008, pursuant to section 116(a)(vii) of the Policing Act 2008 (2008 No 72).

Section 2(1) enforcement officer paragraph (b): amended, on 1 October 2008, pursuant to section 116(d) of the Policing Act 2008 (2008 No 72).

Section 2(1) facilitate: inserted, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(7) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) facilitated cost-sharing arrangement: inserted, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(7) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) facilitated cost-sharing arrangement: maximum amount per kilometre that may be paid to a driver under a facilitated cost-sharing arrangement as reimbursement for the driver’s costs is $0.73, on 1 October 2017, by clause 3 of the Land Transport (Facilitated Cost-sharing Arrangement Maximum Reimbursement) Notice 2017 (LI 2017/274).

Section 2(1) facilitator: inserted, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(7) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) financial year: amended, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) fire brigade: replaced, on 1 July 2017, by section 197 of the Fire and Emergency New Zealand Act 2017 (2017 No 17).

Section 2(1) goods service: substituted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) goods service paragraph (a): amended, on 11 August 2017, by section 46(1) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) goods service paragraph (b): amended, on 11 August 2017, by section 46(1) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) goods service licence: substituted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) goods service vehicle: substituted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) gross laden weight: repealed, on 11 August 2017, by section 46(2) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) gross vehicle mass: inserted, on 11 August 2017, by section 46(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) health practitioner: inserted, on 1 November 2009, by section 5(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 17).

Section 2(1) heavy motor vehicle: amended, on 11 August 2017, by section 46(4) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) heavy traffic: inserted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(17) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) hospital: substituted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) infringement offence paragraph (ab): inserted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(4) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) infringement offence paragraph (b): amended, on 11 August 2017, by section 46(5) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) infringement offence paragraph (ba): inserted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(6) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) infringement offence paragraph (c): amended, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(5) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) infringement offence paragraph (ca): inserted, on 13 November 2003, by section 90 of the Land Transport Management Act 2003 (2003 No 118).

Section 2(1) invalid carriage: repealed, on 22 June 2005, by section 4(2) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) land transport documents: amended, on 1 August 2012, by section 94 of the Road User Charges Act 2012 (2012 No 1).

Section 2(1) land transport documents: amended, on 1 January 2009, by section 63(2) of the Public Transport Management Act 2008 (2008 No 87).

Section 2(1) land transport documents: amended, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) land transport register paragraph (a): amended, on 1 August 2012, by section 94 of the Road User Charges Act 2012 (2012 No 1).

Section 2(1) land transport register paragraph (a): amended, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(7) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) land transport register paragraph (a): amended, on 20 July 2005, by section 103(3) of the Railways Act 2005 (2005 No 37).

Section 2(1) land transport register paragraph (b): amended, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) large passenger service: inserted, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(7) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) large passenger service licence: inserted, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(7) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) large passenger service vehicle: inserted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) licensed paragraph (b): amended, on 1 May 2011, by section 35(1) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 17).

Section 2(1) light rail vehicle: inserted, on 20 July 2005, by section 103(3) of the Railways Act 2005 (2005 No 37).

Section 2(1) light rental service vehicle: amended, on 11 August 2017, by section 46(6) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) local authority: substituted, on 1 July 2003, by section 262 of the Local Government Act 2002 (2002 No 84).

Section 2(1) logbook: amended, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) logbook: amended, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(8) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) medical expenses: inserted, on 1 November 2009, by section 5(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 17).

Section 2(1) medical laboratory technologist: inserted, on 18 September 2004, by section 175(1) of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 (2003 No 48).

Section 2(1) medical laboratory technologist: amended, on 1 August 2011, by clause 8(2) of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance (Designation of Anaesthetic Technology Services as Health Profession) Order 2011 (SR 2011/227).

Section 2(1) medical officer: substituted, on 18 September 2004, by section 175(1) of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 (2003 No 48).

Section 2(1) medical practitioner: inserted, on 18 September 2004, by section 175(1) of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 (2003 No 48).

Section 2(1) member: amended, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) member: amended, on 25 January 2005, by section 200 of the Crown Entities Act 2004 (2004 No 115).

Section 2(1) Minister: substituted, on 1 December 2004, by section 3(2) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2004 (2004 No 96).

Section 2(1) mobility device: inserted, on 22 June 2005, by section 4(4) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) mobility device paragraph (b): amended, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) moped: replaced, on 11 August 2017, by section 89(2) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) motor vehicle paragraph (c)(ii): repealed, on 22 June 2005, by section 4(9) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) motor vehicle paragraph (c)(vi): amended, on 22 June 2005, by section 4(10) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) motor vehicle paragraph (c)(vii): added, on 22 June 2005, by section 4(10) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) motor vehicle paragraph (c)(vii): amended, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) motor vehicle paragraph (c)(viii): added, on 22 June 2005, by section 4(10) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) motorcycle: inserted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(17) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) moving vehicle offence paragraph (b): amended, on 11 August 2017, by section 89(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) moving vehicle offence paragraph (c): amended, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(6) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) moving vehicle offence paragraph (c): amended, on 13 November 2003, by section 90 of the Land Transport Management Act 2003 (2003 No 118).

Section 2(1) moving vehicle offence paragraph (d): added, on 13 November 2003, by section 90 of the Land Transport Management Act 2003 (2003 No 118).

Section 2(1) national land transport strategy or strategy: repealed, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) nurse: inserted, on 18 September 2004, by section 175(1) of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 (2003 No 48).

Section 2(1) optometrist: inserted, on 18 September 2004, by section 175(1) of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 (2003 No 48).

Section 2(1) organised criminal activity: inserted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) outputs: amended, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) over-dimension offence: inserted, on 11 August 2017, by section 46(7) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) parking: inserted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(17) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) parking offence: inserted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(17) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) parking warden: inserted, on 1 November 2009, by section 5(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 17).

Section 2(1) parking warden: amended, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(7) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) parking warden second definition: repealed, on 11 August 2017, by section 89(4) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) passenger service: substituted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) passenger service paragraph (b)(iia): inserted, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) passenger service paragraph (b)(iii): amended, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(8) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) passenger service licence: repealed, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(4) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) passenger service vehicle: substituted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) performance agreement: repealed, on 1 December 2004, by section 3(1) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2004 (2004 No 96).

Section 2(1) permanent speed limit: inserted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(17) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) positive: inserted, on 7 August 2011, by section 4(9) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) positive paragraph (c): amended, on 1 December 2014, by section 15 of the Land Transport Amendment Act (No 2) 2014 (2014 No 57).

Section 2(1) positive evidential breath test: repealed, on 7 August 2011, by section 4(9) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) premises: amended, on 20 July 2005, by section 103(3) of the Railways Act 2005 (2005 No 37).

Section 2(1) prescription medicine: inserted, on 1 November 2009, by section 5(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 17).

Section 2(1) proceedings: amended, on 1 July 2013, by section 413 of the Criminal Procedure Act 2011 (2011 No 81).

Section 2(1) qualifying bylaw: inserted, on 1 December 2009, by section 4(1) of the Land Transport (Enforcement Powers) Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 36).

Section 2(1) qualifying bylaw: amended, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(10)(a) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) qualifying bylaw: amended, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(10)(b) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) qualifying drug: inserted, on 1 November 2009, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport (Enforcement Powers) Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 36).

Section 2(1) qualifying drug paragraph (a)(i): amended, on 9 August 2011, by section 12(2) of the Misuse of Drugs Amendment Act (No 2) 2011 (2011 No 54).

Section 2(1) rail operator: inserted, on 20 July 2005, by section 103(3) of the Railways Act 2005 (2005 No 37).

Section 2(1) rail participant: inserted, on 20 July 2005, by section 103(3) of the Railways Act 2005 (2005 No 37).

Section 2(1) rail service operator: repealed, on 20 July 2005, by section 103(3) of the Railways Act 2005 (2005 No 37).

Section 2(1) rail service vehicle: repealed, on 20 July 2005, by section 103(3) of the Railways Act 2005 (2005 No 37).

Section 2(1) rail vehicle: inserted, on 20 July 2005, by section 103(3) of the Railways Act 2005 (2005 No 37).

Section 2(1) regional council: substituted, on 1 July 2003, by section 262 of the Local Government Act 2002 (2002 No 84).

Section 2(1) regional land transport strategy: repealed, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) register of motor vehicles: substituted, on 1 May 2011, by section 35(1) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 17).

Section 2(1) registered: amended, on 1 May 2011, by section 35(1) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 17).

Section 2(1) registered medical practitioner: repealed, on 18 September 2004, by section 175(1) of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 (2003 No 48).

Section 2(1) registered optometrist: repealed, on 18 September 2004, by section 175(1) of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 (2003 No 48).

Section 2(1) Registrar: inserted, on 1 December 2009, by section 4(1) of the Land Transport (Enforcement Powers) Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 36).

Section 2(1) Registrar: amended, on 1 March 2017, by section 261 of the District Court Act 2016 (2016 No 49).

Section 2(1) rental service: substituted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) rental service paragraph (b): amended, on 11 August 2017, by section 46(8) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) rental service licence: inserted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) rental service vehicle: substituted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) representative: inserted, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(7) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) rest time: inserted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(5) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) road paragraph (e): amended, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(11) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) Science Minister: amended, on 1 February 2011, by section 18 of the Research, Science, and Technology Act 2010 (2010 No 131).

Section 2(1) service: inserted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) service charter: repealed, on 1 December 2004, by section 3(1) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2004 (2004 No 96).

Section 2(1) small passenger service: inserted, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(7) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) small passenger service licence: inserted, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(7) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) small passenger service operator: inserted, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(7) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) small passenger service vehicle: inserted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) special vehicle lane: inserted, on 28 June 2006, by section 4(2) of the Land Transport Amendment Act (No 2) 2006 (2006 No 30).

Section 2(1) speed limit: amended, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(12) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) speed limit: amended, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) speed limit: amended, on 19 December 2001, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport (Road Safety Enforcement) Amendment Act 2001 (2001 No 104).

Section 2(1) stationary vehicle offence: inserted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(17) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) taxi: repealed, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(4) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) taxi service: repealed, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(4) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) territorial authority: substituted, on 1 July 2003, by section 262 of the Local Government Act 2002 (2002 No 84).

Section 2(1) toll: inserted, on 13 November 2003, by section 90 of the Land Transport Management Act 2003 (2003 No 118).

Section 2(1) toll offence: inserted, on 13 November 2003, by section 90 of the Land Transport Management Act 2003 (2003 No 118).

Section 2(1) towage fee: inserted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(17) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) traction engine: inserted, on 22 June 2005, by section 4(4) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) traction engine paragraph (b): substituted, on 1 January 2009, by section 63(2) of the Public Transport Management Act 2008 (2008 No 87).

Section 2(1) Transit and Transit New Zealand: repealed, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) transport service: substituted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) transport service paragraph (b)(i): substituted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(13) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) transport service driver: inserted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) transport service licence: replaced, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(5) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) transport service operator: replaced, on 1 October 2017, by section 61(6) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2017 (2017 No 34).

Section 2(1) transport service vehicle: substituted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) transport service vehicle paragraph (a): substituted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(14) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) transport service vehicle paragraph (f): amended, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(15) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) unlicensed: inserted, on 22 June 2005, by section 4(4) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) vehicle paragraph (c)(iv): repealed, on 22 June 2005, by section 4(11) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) vehicle paragraph (c)(viii): amended, on 22 June 2005, by section 4(12) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) vehicle paragraph (c)(x): added, on 20 July 2005, by section 103(3) of the Railways Act 2005 (2005 No 37).

Section 2(1) vehicle recovery service: substituted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) vehicle recovery service paragraph (b)(vii): amended, on 1 August 2008, by section 50(1) of the Land Transport Management Amendment Act 2008 (2008 No 47).

Section 2(1) vehicle recovery service licence: substituted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) vehicle recovery service vehicle: substituted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(3) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(1) work time: substituted, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(16) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1) zero alcohol licence: added, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(17) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(1A): inserted, on 1 October 2007, by section 4(13) of the Land Transport Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 77).

Section 2(2): amended, on 5 August 2013, by section 77(3) of the Legislation Act 2012 (2012 No 119).

Section 2(2): amended, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(19) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(2): amended, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(20) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(2): amended, on 29 December 2001, by section 4(4) of the Land Transport (Road Safety Enforcement) Amendment Act 2001 (2001 No 104).

Section 2(3): amended, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(21) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).

Section 2(5): added, on 10 May 2011, by section 4(22) of the Land Transport (Road Safety and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2011 (2011 No 13).