Fisheries (Remedial Issues) Amendment Act 2001

Fisheries (Remedial Issues) Amendment Act 2001

Public Act2001 No 33
Date of assent25 May 2001

Note

This Act is administered in the Ministry of Fisheries.


Contents


The Parliament of New Zealand enacts as follows:

1 Title
  • (1) This Act is the Fisheries (Remedial Issues) Amendment Act 2001.

    (2) In this Act, the Fisheries Act 1996 is called the principal Act.

Part 1
Preliminary provisions

2 Commencement
  • (1) Sections 1, 2, 3, 8, 21, 25, 26, 31, 34, and 38 to 41 come into force on the day after the date on which this Act receives the Royal assent.

    (2) Sections 15 and 29 come into force on 1 October 2001.

    (3) Sections 4 to 7, 9 to 14, 16 to 20, 22, 23, 24, 27, 28, 30, 32, 33, and 35 to 37 come into force on the day on which the provision of the principal Act that they amend comes into force.

3 Interpretation
  • (1) Section 2(1) of the principal Act is amended by omitting from the definition of tender the words either separately or.

    (2) Section 2(1) of the principal Act is amended by repealing paragraph (b) of the definition of transaction, and substituting the following paragraph:

    • (b) in relation to any quota, a mortgage, variation of mortgage, discharge of mortgage, or assignment of mortgage over the quota:..

Part 2
Amendments relating to quota management system

4 Effect of reduction of total allowable commercial catch
  • Section 22(1) of the principal Act is amended by omitting from paragraph (b) of item c the words unencumbered and owned by the Crown.

5 Effect of increase in total allowable commercial catch
  • (1) Section 23(3)(a) of the principal Act is amended by omitting the words hold shares for that stock, which shares have been continuously held, and substituting the words be registered on the Quota Register as the owner of shares for that stock, and those shares have been continuously owned.

    (2) Section 23 of the principal Act is amended by repealing subsection (4), and substituting the following subsections:

    • (4) The amount of an eligible person's preferential allocation right must be reduced in accordance with the following formula:

      a 
      x c = d
      b 

      where—

      • a is the eligible person's current preferential allocation right for the stock (in kilogrammes)

      • b is the total of all preferential allocation rights for the stock (in kilogrammes)

      • c is the lesser of—

        • (a) the amount of the increase in the total allowable commercial catch for the stock (in kilogrammes):

        • (b) the total of all preferential allocation rights for the stock (in kilogrammes)

      • d is the amount of the reduction in the eligible person's preferential allocation right (in kilogrammes).

    • (4A) An eligible person's preferential allocation right expires if the amount of that right equals zero.

    • (4B) An eligible person is not entitled to receive, in the aggregate under subsection (2), quota shares whose quota weight equivalent (calculated at the time of transfer of the relevant shares to the eligible person) exceeds the amount of preferential allocation right held by that person on the commencement of this section or on the date of allocation of quota to that person under section 337, as the case may be.

6 Alteration of quota management areas with agreement of quota owners
  • (1) Section 25A(1) of the principal Act is amended by repealing paragraph (e), and substituting the following paragraph:

    • (e) the quota owners have also notified their intention to seek an alteration to—

      • (i) persons who are noted on the Quota Register as having an interest in the quota to which the proposed alteration relates; and

      • (ii) parties to leases or transfers registered on the Transitional Register in respect of quota to which the proposed alteration relates.

    (2) Section 25A(2) of the principal Act is amended by repealing paragraph (d), and substituting the following paragraph:

    • (d) the interests of aggrieved—

      • (i) quota owners who hold quota shares to which the proposed alteration relates; and

      • (ii) parties to leases or transfers registered on the Transitional Register in respect of quota to which the proposed alteration relates:.

7 Alteration of quota management areas without agreement of quota owners
  • Section 25B of the principal Act is amended by repealing paragraph (d), and substituting the following paragraph:

    • (d) has also notified his or her intention to recommend the alteration of the quota management area or areas to—

      • (i) persons who are noted on the Quota Register as having an interest in the quota to which the proposed alteration relates; and

      • (ii) parties to leases or transfers registered on the Transitional Register in respect of quota to which the proposed alteration relates.

8 Effect of decision to alter provisional catch history
  • (1) Section 52(3)(d)(ii) of the principal Act is amended by omitting the words held and continue to hold, and substituting the words owned and continue to be registered on the Quota Register as the owner of.

    (2) Section 52(3)(d)(iii) of the principal Act is amended by omitting the words held and continue to hold, and substituting the words owned and continue to be registered on the Quota Register as the owner of.

    (3) Section 52(4)(c)(ii) of the principal Act is amended by omitting the words Continuously held and continue to hold, and substituting the words continuously owned and continue to be registered on the Quota Register as the owner of.

    (4) Section 52 of the principal Act is amended by adding the following subsection:

    • (7) For the purposes of this section, a person registered as the owner of provisional individual transferable quota by virtue of section 162 is treated as the owner of the provisional catch history to which the quota relates.

9 Minimum holdings of annual catch entitlement
  • Section 74(5) of the principal Act is amended by omitting the words the requirements of subsection (1) of this section shall thereafter apply, and substituting the words the requirements of subsection (1) apply on and from the commencement of the next fishing year.

10 Fish carriers must be registered
  • Section 105(1)(a)(i) of the principal Act is amended by inserting, after the words operator, the words or notified user.

Part 3
Amendments relating to fishing vessel registration and high seas fishing

11 Application of this Part to tenders
  • Section 108 of the principal Act is amended by adding, as subsection (2), the following subsection:

    • (2) A tender that complies with subsection (1) is to be treated as part of the registered fishing vessel with which it is used, or is intended to be used.

12 Use of foreign vessels on high seas by New Zealand nationals
  • Section 113E of the principal Act is amended by repealing subsection (1), and substituting the following subsection:

    • (1) No New Zealand national may use a vessel that is not registered under the Ship Registration Act 1992, or a tender of that vessel,—

      • (a) to take (by any method), on the high seas, any fish, aquatic life, or seaweed for sale, except in accordance with an authorisation issued by a state to which subsection (2) applies; or

      • (b) to transport any fish, aquatic life, or seaweed taken on the high seas, unless that fish, aquatic life, or seaweed was taken in accordance with an authorisation issued by a state to which subsection (2) applies.

Part 4
Amendments relating to registration of transactions, documentation, and recordkeeping

13 Matters to be shown in Quota Register
  • Section s127(1)(k) of the principal Act is amended by repealing subparagraph (v), and substituting the following subparagraphs:

    • (v) every assignment of the mortgage; and

    • (vi) the time and date of discharge of the mortgage:.

14 Transfers of individual transferable quota
  • Section 132 of the principal Act is amended by adding the following subsection:

    • (4) Provisional individual transferable quota is not transferable except by operation of law.

15 New section 138A inserted
  • The principal Act is amended by inserting, after section 138, the following section:

    138A Assignment of mortgages
    • A mortgagee may assign to another person the mortgagee's rights, interests, and obligations under that mortgage by a memorandum of assignment in the approved form.

16 Discharge of mortgage
  • Section 146(1) of the principal Act is amended by omitting the words shall endorse on the mortgage, and substituting the words must execute.

17 Priority according to time of registration
  • Section 158 of the principal Act is amended by repealing subsection (2), and substituting the following subsection:

    • (2) Regulations under section 297 may prescribe when an instrument is to be treated as received for registration.

18 Registration procedure
  • Section 159 of the principal Act is amended by adding, as subsection (2), the following subsection:

    • (2) For the purposes of subsection (1)(c), the mortgagor is treated as a party to a transaction that is an assignment.

19 Procedure on application
  • Section 162 of the principal Act is amended by adding the following subsections:

    • (2) After registration under subsection (1), the quota or annual catch entitlement remains subject to any registered caveat or mortgage.

    • (3) This section overrides sections 132(1)(b), 133(1)(b), 136(2), and 148(1).

20 Compensation for mistake or wrongdoing of Registrar
  • (1) The heading to section 171 of the principal Act is amended by omitting the words of Registrar, and substituting the words in keeping Quota Register.

    (2) Section 171(1)(a) of the principal Act (as substituted by section 48 of the Fisheries Act 1996 Amendment Act 1999) is amended by omitting the words a register under section 98 or section 124, in the exercise of functions connected with the keeping of that register, and substituting the words the Quota Register, in the exercise of functions connected with the keeping of the Quota Register.

    (3) Section 171(1A) of the principal Act (as so substituted) is amended by repealing paragraphs (a) and (b), and substituting the following paragraphs:

    • (a) the Crown, if the register was kept by the chief executive at the relevant time; or

    • (b) the approved service delivery organisation, if the functions, duties, and powers connected with the keeping of the register were performed or exercised by that organisation under section 296B at the relevant time.

21 Persons who are required to keep records and returns
  • Section 189 of the principal Act is amended by repealing paragraph (b), and substituting the following paragraph:

    • (b) owners, caveators, and mortgagees of quota, and owners and caveators of annual catch entitlements:.

22 Disposal of fish by commercial fishers
23 Restrictions on purchase or acquisition of fish by certain persons
  • Section 192(10)(b) of the principal Act is amended by omitting the words before being brought into New Zealand.

24 Certificates and official documents
  • Section 248(1)(a) of the principal Act is amended by inserting, after the word contained, the words or not contained.

25 General regulations
  • Section 297(1) of the principal Act is amended by inserting, after paragraph (q), the following paragraph:

    • (qa) prescribing, for the purposes of section 158(1), when an instrument (including an application) is to be treated as having been received for registration, and different rules may be prescribed for different types of instruments and for instruments presented by different means:.

26 Application of Commodity Levies Act 1990
  • Section 305 of the principal Act is amended by omitting paragraph (b), and substituting the following paragraphs:

    • (aa) if it is proposed that the levy will be imposed on the basis of 2 or more of the units of measurement in paragraphs (a)(i) to (iii), the Minister may approve the conversion of 1 or more of those units into another unit, being 1 of the units in paragraph (a)(i) to (iii) or another unit, if—

      • (i) the Minister is satisfied that it is reasonable to convert to another unit of measurement; and

      • (ii) the Minister is satisfied that the method of conversion is reasonable; and

      • (iii) the method of conversion is stated in the ballot paper:

    • (b) section 5(2)(af), and (ah) to (ak) of that Act is complied with if the Minister is satisfied that, during any period before the support referendum that the Minister thinks fit, supporters held or landed (as the case may be) more than half of whichever of the following is specified in the ballot paper:

      • (i) the quota shares:

      • (ii) the value of the commodity:

      • (iii) the greenweight or meatweight of the commodity:

      • (iv) 1 or more units of measurement in paragraphs (i) to (iii) converted into another unit of measurement under paragraph (aa).

Part 5
Amendments to savings and transitional provisions

27 Transitional provisions relating to decisions of Catch History Review Committee
  • Section 337(2) of the principal Act is amended by omitting item d, and substituting the following item:

    • d is the sum of the amounts under item a for all persons to be allocated quota under this section.

28 Transitional provisions relating to allocation of annual catch entitlement
  • (1) Section 340 of the principal Act (as substituted by section 73 of the Fisheries Act 1996 Amendment Act 1999) is amended by repealing subsections (1) and (2), and substituting the following subsections:

    • (1) On the first day of the fishing year in which section 66 comes into force, the chief executive must allocate, to each quota owner, 90% of that person's annual catch entitlement generated under section 66 for stocks—

      • (a) with a fishing year beginning on 1 October; and

      • (b) to which section 28V(1) of the Fisheries Act 1983 applied.

    • (2) As soon as practicable after the allocation under subsection (1), the chief executive must allocate to each person who receives an amount of annual catch entitlement under subsection (1) for any stock a further amount of annual catch entitlement for the stock calculated according to the following formula:

      a — b = c

      where—

      • a is the annual catch entitlement for the stock remaining unallocated in respect of that quota owner (in kilogrammes)

      • b is the amount that was taken in excess of quota under the quota owner's quota under an authority given under section 28V(1) or a permission given under section 28V(2) of the Fisheries Act 1983, in the immediately preceding fishing year, calculated using that fishing year's annual balance (excluding any overfishing right) in accordance with the Fisheries (Catch Against Quota) Regulations 1993 (in kilogrammes)

      • c is the amount of annual catch entitlement to be allocated to the quota owner and, if c is a negative number, then c must be read as zero kilogrammes.

    (2) Section 340(4) of the principal Act is amended by omitting the words or, in the case of Foveaux Strait dredge oysters, to the nearest whole number of oysters.

    (3) Section 340 of the principal Act is amended by repealing subsection (7), and substituting the following subsection:

    • (7) In respect of the allocation of annual catch entitlement in the first fishing year in which section 66 comes into force,—

      • (a) section 67 does not apply to stocks to which this section applies; and

      • (b) section 67A does not apply.

29 New section 340AA inserted
  • The principal Act is amended by inserting, after section 340, the following section:

    340AA Exceptions to minimum holdings of annual catch entitlement for certain paua stocks
    • (1) Despite section 74, a person allocated annual catch entitlement under section 340(1) or transferred annual catch entitlement under section 347A(1)(a) for any of PAU 1 to PAU 4, PAU 6, PAU 7, and PAU 10 may fish under the authority of the lesser of either—

      • (a) the amount of annual catch entitlement allocated or transferred; or

      • (b) the minimum holding of annual catch entitlement for that stock specified in the Eighth Schedule.

      (2) Subsection (1) applies during the period beginning on the commencement of section 66 and ending on the earlier of—

      • (a) the allocation of annual catch entitlement under section 340(2):

      • (b) the transfer of annual catch entitlement under section 347(1)(b):

      • (c) 15 November following the commencement of section 66.

      (3) During the period specified in subsection (2), the requirements of section 74(2) to 74(5) apply, but do not affect the authority to fish under subsection (1).

30 Transitional provisions relating to underfishing
  • Section 340A of the principal Act is amended by inserting, after subsection (1), the following subsections:

    • (1A) The chief executive must increase or decrease the allocation under subsection (1) to reflect any changes to the quota owner's underfishing entitlements for the period—

      • (a) beginning on the first day of the fishing year in which section 66 commences; and

      • (b) ending on the day before the commencement of section 66.

    • (1B) Subsection (1A) applies to stocks—

      • (a) with a fishing year beginning on 1 April; and

      • (b) that have underfishing entitlements under section 28V(6) of the Fisheries Act 1983.

31 Confirmation of quota
  • Section 341 of the principal Act is amended by inserting, after subsection (5), the following subsection:

    • (5A) The chief executive must also refuse to receive for registration (whether before or after the date notified under subsection (5)) any notification of the transfer or lease of quota, and any related document, if the transfer, or lease, or related document is expressed to take effect on or after 1 October in the year in which Part VIII comes into force.

32 Conversion of holdings from old register to new register
  • (1) Section 343 of the principal Act is amended by repealing subsection (1), and substituting the following subsection:

    • (1) On 1 October in the calendar year in which Part 8 of this Act comes into force, but before actioning any other quota transactions, the chief executive must—

      • (a) convert the individual transferable quota or provisional catch history owned by each person into quota shares in accordance with subsections (2) and (2A); and

      • (b) determine entitlements to quota shares on the part of the chief executive and the Commission under subsections (2B) and (2C); and

      • (c) record in the relevant Quota Register the number of quota shares owned by each person after applying paragraphs (a) and (b).

    (2) Section 343 of the principal Act is amended by inserting, after subsection (2), the following subsections:

    • (2A) If a stock has a total allowable commercial catch of zero tonnes, provisional catch history must be converted into shares according to the following formula:

       a     
       x80,000,000=c 
       b     

      where—

      • a is the amount of provisional catch history allocated to the person under Part IV

      • b is the total amount of provisional catch history held by all eligible commercial fishers

      • c is the number of quota shares to which the quota owner is entitled for the stock concerned.

    • (2B) After the conversion in subsection (2A), the Commission is entitled to 20 million quota shares in the stock concerned.

    • (2C) If a stock has a total allowable commercial catch of zero tonnes and no provisional catch history has been allocated under Part IV, the chief executive is entitled to 80 million quota shares in the stock and the Commission is entitled to 20 million quota shares in the stock.

    (3) Section 343 of the principal Act (as substituted by section 74 of the Fisheries Act 1996 Amendment Act 1999) is amended by repealing subsection (3), and substituting the following subsection:

    • (3) Despite anything in any other enactment or rule of law,—

      • (a) the registration of quota shares under this section does not constitute an allocation of new quota; and

      • (b) quota shares registered under this section have the same characteristics as quota allocated under section 47.

    Subsection (3) was amended, as from 1 October 2001 by section 32 Fisheries Amendment Act 2001 (2001 No 65) by inserting, after the words principal Act, the words (as substituted by section 74 of the Fisheries Act 1996 Amendment Act 1999).

33 Transitional register
  • (1) Section 345 of the principal Act is amended by repealing subsection (4), and substituting the following subsection:

    • (4) A lease recorded in the Transitional Register, or any rights, interests, or obligations in respect of that lease, cannot be assigned.

    (2) Section 345 of the principal Act is amended by repealing subsections (5) and (6), and substituting the following subsections:

    • (5) A reduction of term under subsection (3) has no effect until it is registered by the chief executive on the Transitional Register.

    • (6) A reduction of term under subsection (3) must not be registered on the Transitional Register unless a party to the lease applies in the approved form (if any) to the chief executive and the application is accompanied by the prescribed fee (if any).

    (3) Section 345 of the principal Act is amended by inserting, after subsection (7), the following subsections:

    • (7A) A transfer or lease registered on the Transitional Register is cancelled if—

      • (a) the total allowable commercial catch for the stock concerned is reduced to zero under section 20; or

      • (b) the quota for the stock concerned is cancelled because of an alteration of a quota management area under section 25.

    • (7B) The chief executive must notify the parties to a transfer or lease registered on the Transitional Register if the lease or transfer is cancelled under this Part.

    (4) Section 345 of the principal Act is amended by inserting, after subsection (8), the following subsections:

    • (8A) The amount of quota or annual catch entitlement to which a lease or other arrangement relates must be reduced in the same proportion as the reduction in the quota holder's quota bears to the total quota shares of the holder immediately before the reduction.

    • (8B) Subsection (8A) applies if—

      • (a) a quota holder's quota is reduced under section 52; and

      • (b) that person has entered into a lease or other arrangement recorded on the Transitional Register in relation to that quota; and

      • (c) by virtue of that lease or other arrangement, another person is, or may become, entitled to acquire an amount of quota shares outright under section 348 or annual catch entitlement under section 347.

34 Section 346 repealed
  • Section 346 of the principal Act is repealed.

35 Provisions relating to registration of leases
  • (1) Section 347 of the principal Act is amended by repealing subsection (3), and substituting the following subsection:

    • (3) The chief executive must cancel registration of the lease and any sublease and not transfer any annual catch entitlement if—

      • (a) the lessor does not own an amount of annual catch entitlement equal to, or in excess of, the amount of quota that is subject to the lease or sublease (as recorded in the Transitional Register); or

      • (b) a caveat is registered over an amount of the lessor's annual catch entitlement preventing the transfer of an amount of annual catch entitlement equal to, or in excess of, the amount of quota that is subject to the lease or sublease (as recorded in the Transitional Register).

    (2) Section 347(4) of the principal Act is amended by omitting the expression subsection (2), and substituting the words subsection (1) or subsection (2).

    (3) Section 347 of the principal Act is amended by repealing subsections (5) and (6), and substituting the following subsection:

    • (5) A transfer of annual catch entitlement under this section must be actioned in the order specified in regulations made under section 297(1)(sa).

    (4) The Fisheries (Remedial Issues) Amendment Act 1998 is consequentially amended by repealing section 28.

36 Provisions relating to allocation of annual catch entitlement under leases in first fishing year
  • (1) The heading to section 347A of the principal Act is amended by omitting the word allocation, and substituting the word transfer.

    (2) Section 347A(1) of the principal Act is amended by omitting from item d the word allocated, and substituting the word transferred.

    (3) Section 347A of the principal Act is amended by inserting, after subsection (1), the following subsection:

    • (1A) Subsection (1) also applies to subleases, in which case,—

      • (a) item a is to be read as if it refers to the further amount of annual catch entitlement that is transferred to the sublessor under subsection (1)(b) or, in the case of subsequent subleases, the further amount of annual catch entitlement that is transferred to a sublessor when this subsection applies; and

      • (b) item c is to be read as if it refers to the amount of individual transferable quota that is subject to the lease from which the sublease derives directly.

    (4) Section 347A(2) of the principal Act is amended by omitting the words an allocation, and substituting the words a transfer.

    (5) section 347A of the principal Act is amended by adding the following subsection:

    • (3) This section applies only to leases in relation to stocks to which section 340 applies.

37 Special provisions relating to stocks with fishing year beginning on 1 April
  • (1) Section 351(1)(a) of the principal Act is amended by inserting, after the words in accordance with that section of this Act, the words and allocated in the manner provided under section 67.

    (2) Section 351(1)(b) of the principal Act is amended by inserting, after the words in accordance with that section, the words and allocated under section 67.

38 Expiry of section 354
  • Section 355(b) of the principal Act is amended by omitting the words the 30th day of September 2002, and substituting the words 1 October 2002.

39 Transitional offences and penalties
  • Section 361(1) of the principal Act is amended by inserting, after the expression section 16(6), the words or section 113A(2).

40 Foveaux Strait dredge oyster fishery subject to quota system
  • (1) Section 368A(6)(a) of the principal Act is amended by omitting the word alter, and substituting the word increase.

    (2) Section 368A(6)(b) of the principal Act is amended by omitting the word altered, and substituting the word increased.

41 Consequential amendment to Fisheries (Foveaux Strait Dredge Oyster Fishery) Amendment Act 1998

Legislative history

14 February 2001Introduction (Bill 102-1)
27 February 2001First reading and referral to Primary Production Committee
1 May 2001Reported from Primary Production Committee (Bill 102-2)
8 May 2001Second reading
9, 10, 15 May 2001Committee of the whole House (Bill 102-3)
23 May 2001Third reading
25 May 2001Royal assent