Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Act 2003

Reprint as at 6 June 2015

Coat of Arms of New Zealand

Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Act 2003

Public Act
 
2003 No 52
Date of assent
 
13 October 2003
Commencement
 
see section 2
Note

Changes authorised by subpart 2 of Part 2 of the Legislation Act 2012 have been made in this official reprint.

Note 4 at the end of this reprint provides a list of the amendments incorporated.

This Act is administered by the Ministry of Business, Innovation, and Employment.

Contents

1Title
2Commencement
3Purposes
4Overview
5Interpretation
6Meaning of credit
7Meaning of credit contract
8Meaning of buy-back transaction
8AMeanings of associated and associated person
8BProvisions affecting application of amendments to this Act
9Act binds the Crown
9AOutline of Part
9BInterpretation
9CLender responsibility principles
9DProceedings for breach of legal obligations under other Acts
9EPurpose of Responsible Lending Code
9FContent of Responsible Lending Code
9GPreparation and issue of Responsible Lending Code
9HResponsible Lending Code comes into force by notice in Gazette
9IAmendment of Responsible Lending Code
9JPublication of standard form contract terms
9KPublication of costs of borrowing
9LExtended meaning of business premises
10When this Part applies
11Meaning of consumer credit contract
12Investment purposes
13Presumption relating to consumer credit contract
14Effect of declaration
15Certain contracts not consumer credit contracts
15APart does not apply to pawnbroking contract
16Lease of goods treated as consumer credit contract
17Initial disclosure
18Continuing disclosure
19Content of continuing disclosure statement
20Opening unpaid balance must not exceed closing unpaid balance of previous continuing disclosure statement
21Continuing disclosure not required
22Disclosure of agreed changes
23Disclosure of changes following exercise of power
24Request disclosure
25Disclosure of guarantee
26Disclosure of changes to guarantors
26ADisclosure of transfer of rights of creditor under consumer credit contract
27Right to cancel consumer credit contract
28Notice of cancellation, return of property, and payment of cash price
29Right of cancellation does not apply in certain situations
30Effect of cancellation
31Effect of credit sale cancellation
32Disclosure standards
33Assumptions
34Creditor, etc, may voluntarily use model disclosure statement if not required to use mandatory form
35How disclosure is made
36End of day
37Creditor to ensure that contract specifies annual interest rate or rates
38Early debit or payment of interest charges prohibited
39Limit on interest charges
40Default interest charges
41Unreasonable credit fee or default fee
42Establishment fees
43Prepayment fees
44Credit fees other than establishment fees and prepayment fees
44ADefault fees
44BCompliance with Code is evidence that fees are not unreasonable
45Fees or charges passed on by creditor
46Crediting of payments
47Dating and adjustments of debits and credits in accounts
48Recovery of payments
49Part prepayments
50Debtor’s right to full prepayment
51Amount required for full prepayment
52Rebate of insurance
52ARebate of repayment waiver
52BRebate of extended warranty
53Termination of consumer credit insurance contract
54Creditor’s loss arising from full prepayment
55Changes on grounds of unforeseen hardship
56Changes that can be made
57Application may not be made in certain circumstances
57AObligations of creditor in relation to application
58Changes by court
59Creditor may apply for variation of change
59AHow notices may be given
60Consumer leases
61Presumption relating to consumer lease
62Declaration concerning consumer lease
63Application of disclosure provisions
64Initial disclosure of consumer lease
65Variation disclosure of consumer leases
66Variation disclosure not required [Repealed]
67Request disclosure for consumer leases
68Amount payable on termination
69Restrictions on credit-related insurance, repayment waivers, and extended warranties
70Disclosure of credit-related insurance, repayment waiver, or extended warranty
71Application of disclosure provisions
72Initial disclosure of buy-back transaction
73Independent legal advice must be given to occupier
74Buy-back transactions involving buy-back promoter
75Land cannot be dealt with without leave of court if initial disclosure not made or no independent legal advice given
76Interest of occupier is caveatable interest
77Variation disclosure of buy-back transactions
78Variation disclosure not required [Repealed]
79Request disclosure for buy-back transactions
80Unreasonable buy-back fees or buy-back default fees
81Fees or charges passed on by transferee
82Unreasonable fees payable to buy-back promoter or associated person
83No limit on Part 2
83AOutline of Part
83BReferences to credit contracts include security agreements
83CApplication of Part
83DPart does not create right to repossess, etc
83ECircumstances in which creditor can repossess consumer goods
83FDuty to ensure goods are specifically identified
83GCreditor must serve repossession warning notice on debtor and other persons before taking possession of consumer goods
83HDebtor may voluntarily deliver consumer goods
83IRules relating to accessions (goods that are installed in, or affixed to, other goods)
83JEffect of debtor’s complaint or application on grounds of unforeseen hardship on creditor’s rights to enforce credit contract
83KSubsequent complaints
83LUse of disabling device
83MConnection or use of disabling device in connection with certain goods prohibited
83NCreditor must allow debtor time to remedy default or at least 15 days to elapse
83ODocuments to be produced on entry
83PEntry if occupier not present
83QCreditor must exercise right to enter premises in accordance with lender responsibility principles
83RCreditor must not enter premises if complaint not resolved or unforeseen hardship application not decided
83SCreditor must not enter residential premises at certain times
83TRestrictions applying in relation to persons repossessing consumer goods
83UInterpretation
83VNotice to be given to debtor, guarantor, and other creditors after repossession of consumer goods
83WCreditor must not sell consumer goods until 15 days after post-repossession notice
83XConsequences of selling within 15 days of post-repossession notice
83YCreditor must offer consumer goods for sale
83ZRules relating to sale by creditor
83ZADebtor may obtain valuation of consumer goods before sale
83ZBDebtor’s right to reinstate credit contract
83ZCConsequences of reinstating credit contract
83ZDDebtor’s right to introduce buyer
83ZEDebtor’s right to settle credit contract
83ZFDebtor’s right to force sale
83ZGDisposal of consumer goods to purchaser for value and in good faith
83ZHExtinguishment of creditor’s security interest and subordinate security interests on sale
83ZICreditor to give statement of account to debtor, guarantor, and other interested persons
83ZJDistribution of surplus
83ZKSurplus may be paid into court
83ZLDebtor’s, etc, right to recover surplus
83ZMLimit on creditor’s right to recover from debtor
83ZNCredit contract may not provide for security interest over certain consumer goods
83ZOContravening provision of no effect
83ZPExclusion for fixtures
83ZQService of notices
83ZRPart does not limit application of rules relating to conduct of servants or agents
84Compliance programmes
85Jurisdiction of High Court
86Jurisdiction of District Courts
87Jurisdiction of Disputes Tribunals
87AJurisdiction of dispute resolution schemes
88Creditors, creditors’ agents, lessors, transferees, and buy-back promoters liable for statutory damages
89Amount of statutory damages
90Enforcement of statutory damages
91Court may reduce statutory damages
92Guidelines for reducing statutory damages
93Court’s general power to make orders
94Court orders
94ACourt orders in relation to repossessions
95Miscellaneous provisions concerning court’s general power to make orders
96Injunctions
97Injunctions restraining conduct of particular kind
98Interim injunction
99Enforcement of consumer credit contract prohibited
99AEnforcement of rights of repossession, etc, prohibited
99BEnforcement prohibited if creditor unregistered
100Enforcement of guarantee prohibited
101Enforcement of consumer lease prohibited
102Enforcement of buy-back transaction prohibited
102AInfringement offences
103Other offences
104Conviction for 2 or more offences
105When proceedings may be commenced
105AInfringement fee, etc, defined
105BInfringement offence alleged
105CIssue of infringement notice
105DProcedural requirements for infringement notices
105EWhat Commission does with infringement fees
105FRegulations relating to infringement offences
106Reasonable mistake defence
107Relevance of compliance programme
108Power to order certain persons not to act as creditors, lessors, transferees, or buy-back promoters
109Who may apply and nature of order
110Costs
111Role and functions of Commission under this Act
112Commission’s rights to appear and adduce evidence
113Application of Commerce Act 1986
114Additional proceedings
115Disposal of things seized
116Court order for disposal of things seized to be suspended on conviction
117Application of Part
118Meaning of oppressive
119Collateral contracts and linked transactions
120Reopening of credit contracts, consumer leases, and buy-back transactions
121Refusal to agree to early termination, variation, or waiver
122Reopening credit contracts involved in arrangement
123Time and circumstances relevant to reopening credit contracts, consumer leases, or buy-back transactions
124Guidelines for reopening credit contracts, consumer leases, and buy-back transactions
125When reopening proceedings may be commenced
126Evidence
127Power of court on reopening credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction
128Costs in consumer cases
129Persons who share in profits or have beneficial interest in reopened credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction
130Time of exercise of court’s powers
131No limit on sections 41, 80, and 82
132Provisions relating to assignment of credit contracts, consumer leases, or buy-back transactions
133Changes, deferrals, or postponements under credit contracts and consumer leases
134Right to set-off
135No contracting out
136Application of law relating to illegal contracts
137Conflict of laws
138Regulations
139Acts amended
140Repeal of Credit Contracts Act 1981 and Hire Purchase Act 1971
141Transitional provision
141AApplication, savings, and transitional provisions relating to amendments to Act
142Election for Act to apply
143Continuing application of Credit Contracts Act 1981 and Hire Purchase Act 1971
Reprint notes
 
1 Title

This Act is the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Act 2003.

Part 1 Preliminary provisions

2 Commencement

(1)

This section, section 1, subpart 3 of Part 3, section 138, section 141(2) and (3), and Schedule 3 come into force on the day after the date on which this Act receives the Royal assent.

(2)

Part 1 (other than this section), subpart 4 of Part 2, Parts 4 and 5, and sections 132 to 137 come into force,—

(a)

for the purpose of applying those provisions to buy-back transactions, on the day after the date on which this Act receives the Royal assent; and

(b)

for all other purposes, on 1 April 2005.

(3)

The rest of this Act comes into force on 1 April 2005.

3 Purposes

(1)

The primary purpose of this Act is to protect the interests of consumers in connection with credit contracts, consumer leases, and buy-back transactions of land.

(2)

It is also the purpose of this Act—

(a)

to promote the confident and informed participation in markets for credit by consumers; and

(b)

to promote and facilitate fair, efficient, and transparent markets for credit; and

(c)

to protect the interests of consumers under credit contracts, consumer leases, and buy-back transactions of land, both when those agreements are entered into and for their duration; and

(d)

to provide remedies for debtors, lessees, and occupiers (including consumers) in relation to—

(i)

oppressive credit contracts, consumer leases, and buy-back transactions of land; and

(ii)

oppressive conduct by creditors under credit contracts, lessors under consumer leases, and transferees under buy-back transactions of land.

(3)

To achieve the purposes referred to in subsections (1) and (2), this Act—

(a)

requires creditors under consumer credit contracts and transferees under buy-back transactions of land to be responsible lenders, both when they provide credit or finance and for the duration of those agreements; and

(b)

provides for the disclosure of adequate information to consumers under consumer credit contracts and consumer leases (both before entry into, and before variation of, such agreements)—

(i)

to enable consumers to distinguish between competing credit or lease arrangements; and

(ii)

to enable consumers to be informed of the terms of consumer credit contracts or consumer leases before they become irrevocably committed to them; and

(iii)

to enable consumers to monitor the performance of consumer credit contracts; and

(iv)

in the case of consumer leases, to make clear to consumers that consumer leases are not consumer credit contracts; and

(c)

provides rules about interest charges, credit fees, default fees, and payments in relation to consumer credit contracts; and

(d)

enables consumers to seek reasonable changes to consumer credit contracts on the grounds of unforeseen hardship; and

(e)

provides for the disclosure of adequate information to consumers under buy-back transactions of land and for independent legal advice to those consumers—

(i)

to inform consumers of the terms, the effects, and the implications of those transactions before they become irrevocably committed to them; and

(ii)

to enable consumers to monitor the performance of those transactions; and

(f)

provides rules about fees in relation to buy-back transactions of land; and

(g)

provides, in relation to credit contracts that include or involve a security interest,—

(i)

rules that apply in relation to the creditor’s rights to repossess consumer goods; and

(ii)

corresponding rights for consumers and third parties that are affected by the exercise of the creditor’s rights; and

(h)

applies, as appropriate, the requirements, disclosure obligations, rules, and remedies specified in paragraphs (a) to (g) in relation to guarantors.

Section 3: replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 4 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

4 Overview

In this Act,—

(a)

this Part deals with preliminary matters, including interpretation and the application of this Act to the Crown:

(ab)

Part 1A contains provisions relating to lenders’ responsibilities, including provisions for the development of a Responsible Lending Code and requirements to make publicly available standard form contract terms and information about the costs of borrowing:

(b)

Part 2 contains provisions relating to consumer credit contracts, including provisions relating to when a credit contract is a consumer credit contract, when a lease of goods is to be treated as a consumer credit contract (instead of a consumer lease), disclosure, interest charges, fees, payments, and changes to consumer credit contracts on the grounds of unforeseen hardship:

(c)

Part 3 contains provisions relating to consumer leases, credit-related insurance, repayment waivers, extended warranties, and buy-back transactions of land:

(ca)

Part 3A contains provisions relating to repossession of consumer goods under credit contracts:

(d)

Part 4 contains provisions relating to civil remedies, injunctions, offences, a defence, and certain provisions concerning the Commerce Commission:

(e)

Part 5 contains provisions relating to the reopening of oppressive credit contracts, consumer leases, and buy-back transactions of land:

(f)

Part 6 contains miscellaneous provisions, including provisions relating to contracting out, regulations, consequential amendments, and transitional arrangements.

Section 4(ab): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 5(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 4(ca): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 5(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

5 Interpretation

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—

advance means—

(a)

money provided to the debtor or to another person to the order of the debtor:

(b)

a pre-existing monetary obligation of the debtor that is paid, discharged, or consolidated by the creditor:

(c)

the cash price of any property or services that are—

(i)

purchased by the debtor from the creditor; or

(ii)

the subject of an agreement between the debtor and the creditor under which the debtor either is required to purchase the property or services from the creditor or has an option to make such a purchase:

(d)

in the case of the use of a credit card to purchase property or services from a person who is not the creditor or to obtain money, the agreed price of the property or services or the monetary amount, as the case may be:

(e)

in relation to a credit contract to which Part 3A applies that secures the obligations of the debtor as guarantor under a guarantee, the amount of the guarantor’s liability to the creditor under the guarantee

annual interest rate means a rate specified in the credit contract as an annual interest rate

broker means a person who, for consideration, assists a person in obtaining credit

buy-back default fees means fees or charges payable on a breach of a buy-back transaction by an occupier or on the enforcement of a buy-back transaction by a transferee

buy-back fees means fees or charges payable by the occupier under a buy-back transaction, or payable by the occupier to, or for the benefit of, the transferee in connection with a buy-back transaction (including any insurance premiums payable if the transferee requires the occupier to obtain insurance cover from a particular insurer or particular insurers); but does not include the following:

(a)

a buy-back default fee:

(b)

government charges, duties, taxes, or levies

buy-back promoter means a person who introduces the parties to a buy-back transaction to each other if—

(a)

the person receives a fee in connection with the buy-back transaction from the occupier, the transferee, or any other person; or

(b)

an associated person of that person receives a fee in connection with the buy-back transaction from the occupier, the transferee, or any other person

buy-back transaction has the meaning set out in section 8

cash price, in relation to property sold or leased, or to services provided under a contract, means—

(a)

the lowest price at which a person could have purchased that property or those services from the vendor, lessor, or provider on the basis of payment in full at the time the contract was made; or

(b)

if there is no price in accordance with paragraph (a), the fair market value of that property or those services at the time the contract was made

charge for an optional service means a fee or charge for a service or benefit that is offered to the debtor in connection with a credit contract if the debtor does not have to accept the service or benefit as a condition of entering into the contract

Commission means the Commerce Commission established by the Commerce Act 1986

consumer credit contract has the meaning set out in section 11

consumer credit insurance means insurance cover in the event of the insured’s disability or death or the insured contracting a sickness, sustaining an injury, or becoming unemployed, if the liability of the insurer is to be determined by reference to the liability of the insured under a credit contract or a consumer lease

consumer goods means goods that are used or acquired for use primarily for personal, domestic, or household purposes

consumer lease has the meaning set out in section 60

costs of borrowing, in relation to a consumer credit contract or a credit contract to which Part 3A applies, means any or all of the following costs:

(a)

a credit fee:

(b)

a default fee:

(c)

interest charges

costs of the buy-back transaction, in relation to a buy-back transaction, means any or all of the following costs:

(a)

the rent payable under the right to occupy:

(b)

the fees and charges that are payable under the transaction

costs of the lease, in relation to a consumer lease, means any or all of the following costs:

(a)

payments to be made by the lessee under the lease:

(b)

fees or charges that are payable on a breach of the lease by the lessee or on the enforcement of the lease by the lessor

court means, in relation to any matter, the court, tribunal, or arbitral tribunal by or before which the matter falls to be determined

credit has the meaning set out in section 6

credit contract has the meaning set out in section 7

credit fees means fees or charges payable by the debtor under a credit contract, or payable by the debtor to, or for the benefit of, the creditor in connection with a credit contract, and—

(a)

includes—

(i)

establishment fees:

(ii)

prepayment fees as defined in section 43(2) (whether in relation to part prepayments or full prepayments):

(iii)

insurance premiums payable for credit-related insurance if the creditor requires the debtor to obtain insurance cover from a particular insurer or particular insurers:

(iv)

fees and charges payable as referred to in section 45 if the other person, body, or agency referred to in that section is an associated person of the creditor; but

(b)

does not include—

(i)

interest charges:

(ii)

charges for an optional service:

(iii)

default fees:

(iv)

government charges, duties, taxes, or levies:

(v)

fees and charges payable as referred to in section 45 if the other person, body, or agency referred to in that section is not an associated person of the creditor

credit limit means the maximum unpaid balance permitted under the credit contract

credit-related insurance means, in connection with a credit contract or consumer lease,—

(a)

insurance over secured property or leased goods; or

(b)

insurance that provides cover for the shortfall that occurs if secured property or leased goods are totally or substantially destroyed and the insurance proceeds from another insurance contract are insufficient to pay any outstanding obligations of the debtor under the credit contract or the lessee under the consumer lease; or

(c)

consumer credit insurance

credit sale means a contract involving the sale of property or the provision of services under which payment of the whole or a part of the purchase price is deferred; and includes a lease that is to be treated as a credit sale under section 16

creditor means a person who provides, or may provide, credit under a credit contract; and, if the rights of that person are transferred by assignment or by operation of law, includes the person for the time being entitled to those rights

creditor’s agent means a person authorised by a creditor to repossess consumer goods on behalf of the creditor, and includes such a person who is an employee of the creditor

daily interest rate means the rate determined by dividing the annual interest rate by 365

debtor means a person to whom credit has been provided, or may be provided, under a credit contract; and, if the rights of that person are transferred by assignment or by operation of law, includes the person for the time being entitled to those rights

default, in Part 3A, means 1 or more breaches of a credit contract by the debtor sufficient, according to the terms of the contract, to give rise to the creditor’s right to repossess the consumer goods

default fees means fees or charges payable on a breach of a credit contract by a debtor or on the enforcement of a credit contract by a creditor; but does not include default interest charges

default interest charges means additional interest charges payable on a breach of a credit contract by a debtor

dispute resolution scheme means an approved dispute resolution scheme within the meaning of section 50 of the Financial Service Providers (Registration and Dispute Resolution) Act 2008

electronic includes electrical, digital, magnetic, optical, electromagnetic, biometric, and photonic

electronic communication means a communication by electronic means

establishment fees means the fees or charges payable under the credit contract that relate to the costs incurred by the creditor in connection with the application for credit, processing and considering that application, documenting the contract, and advancing the credit; but does not include any fee or charge to the extent that it is a charge for an optional service

estate means a fee simple estate, a leasehold estate, or a stratum estate

extended warranty means an agreement between a creditor or lessor and a debtor or lessee under which the creditor or lessor, for an additional consideration, agrees to repair or replace defective goods outside of the warranty period that would otherwise apply

family trust means a trust that is established primarily to benefit either or both of the following:

(a)

a natural person for whom the settlor has natural love and affection:

(b)

an organisation or a trust whose income is exempt under section CB 4(1)(c) or (e) of the Income Tax Act 1994

financing statement, in Part 3A, has the same meaning as in section 135 of the Personal Property Securities Act 1999

full costs includes reasonable costs incurred between solicitor and client, fees, and other expenses

full prepayment means the payment of the unpaid balance before the last amount to be paid under the credit contract becomes payable

goods means personal chattels other than money and choses in action

guarantee means a guarantee, indemnity, or liability given, assumed, or undertaken by a guarantor

guarantor, in relation to a credit contract,—

(a)

means a natural person who—

(i)

guarantees the performance of a debtor’s obligations under the contract; or

(ii)

indemnifies a creditor against any loss that the creditor may incur in connection with the contract; or

(iii)

assumes liability for performing the obligations of a debtor under the contract; but

(b)

does not include such a person to the extent that the person indemnifies a creditor against any loss that the creditor may incur in connection with the contract under a contract of insurance

information system means a system for producing, sending, receiving, storing, displaying, or otherwise processing electronic communications

infringement fee and infringement notice have the meanings set out in section 105A

infringement offence has the meaning set out in section 102A

interest charge means a charge that accrues over time and is determined by applying a rate to an amount owing under a credit contract (and includes a default interest charge)

lawyer has the meaning given to it by section 6 of the Lawyers and Conveyancers Act 2006

lease means a contract for the hire of goods

lender has the meaning set out in section 9B

lender responsibility principles means the principles set out in section 9C(2)

Minister means the Minister of the Crown who, under the authority of any warrant or with the authority of the Prime Minister, is for the time being responsible for the administration of this Act

Ministry means the department of State that, with the authority of the Prime Minister, is for the time being responsible for the administration of this Act

occupier has the meaning set out in section 8

oppressive has the meaning set out in section 118

paid adviser means a person who acts for consideration as an adviser to, or as a trustee, nominee, or agent of, 1 or more of the parties; but does not include a person who is an employee of 1 or more of the parties

part prepayment means the payment of an amount that is less than the unpaid balance before that amount is payable under the credit contract

payment, in relation to a credit sale, includes a deposit or a trade-in allowance

post-repossession notice means a notice under section 83V

prescribed means prescribed by regulations made under this Act

property means land, money, goods, choses in action, goodwill, and every valuable thing, whether real or personal, and whether situated in New Zealand or elsewhere

public holiday means a day specified in section 44(1) of the Holidays Act 2003

purchase money security interest has the same meaning as in section 16(1) of the Personal Property Securities Act 1999

register of financial service providers means the register of financial service providers established and maintained under the Financial Service Providers (Registration and Dispute Resolution) Act 2008

regulations means regulations in force under this Act

related company has the same meaning as in section 2(3) of the Companies Act 1993

repayment waiver means an agreement between a creditor or lessor and a debtor or lessee under which the creditor or lessor, for an additional consideration, agrees to waive the creditor’s or lessor’s right to any amount payable under the credit contract or consumer lease in the event of the unemployment of, sickness of, injury to, or the disability or death of the debtor or lessee

repossession means the exercise, or purported exercise, of the creditor’s rights under a credit contract relating to consumer goods to take possession of those goods, or keys and access devices relating to those goods, whether or not the creditor was previously in actual possession of those goods, keys, or access devices; and repossess has a corresponding meaning

repossession warning notice means a notice under section 83G

residential premises means a building, or part of a building, that is a house, flat, townhouse, home unit, or similar dwelling erected, or currently used, primarily and principally as a residence, and includes any land, improvements, or appurtenances belonging to the dwelling or usually enjoyed with it

Responsible Lending Code or Code means the Code prepared and issued under section 9G and brought into force under section 9H

revolving credit contract means a credit contract, whether or not the contract specifies a credit limit, if the contract—

(a)

anticipates multiple advances, to be made when requested by the debtor in accordance with the contract; and

(b)

does not limit the total amount to be advanced to the debtor under the contract

security interest means an interest in property created or provided for by a transaction that, in substance, secures payment or performance of an obligation under a credit contract or buy-back transaction, without regard to—

(a)

the form of the transaction; and

(b)

the identity of the person who has title to the property that is subject to the security

standard form contract terms

(a)

means standard form contract terms that are intended to be contained (in whole or in part) in a class of agreements (as defined in section 9B) and that—

(i)

have been printed or otherwise prepared by, or on behalf of, the lender; and

(ii)

are used by the lender in concluding, or as a basis for concluding, such agreements; and

(b)

includes standard form contract terms of a contract, an arrangement, a repayment waiver, or an extended warranty referred to in section 9B(3) or (4)

transferee has the meaning set out in section 8

unpaid balance means the amount owing under a credit contract at a particular time, being the difference between all amounts credited and all amounts debited to the debtor under the contract at that time

unpaid daily balance, in relation to a day, means the unpaid balance under a credit contract at the end of that day

working day means a day of the week other than—

(a)

a Saturday, a Sunday, Waitangi Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Anzac Day, the Sovereign’s birthday, and Labour Day; and

(ab)

if Waitangi Day or Anzac Day falls on a Saturday or a Sunday, the following Monday; and

(b)

a day in the period commencing with 25 December in a year and ending with 2 January in the following year; and

(c)

if 1 January falls on a Friday, the following Monday; and

(d)

if 1 January falls on a Saturday or a Sunday, the following Monday and Tuesday.

Section 5 advance: replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 associated person: repealed, on 25 August 2005, by section 75 of the Overseas Investment Act 2005 (2005 No 82).

Section 5 buy-back fees: amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 consumer goods: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 costs of borrowing: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 costs of the buy-back transaction: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 costs of the lease: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 credit fees: replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 creditor’s agent: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 default: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 dispute resolution scheme: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 financing statement: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 guarantee: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(4) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 guarantor: replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(4) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 infringement fee and infringement notice: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 infringement offence: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 interest charge: amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(5) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 lawyer: substituted, on 1 August 2008, by section 348 of the Lawyers and Conveyancers Act 2006 (2006 No 1).

Section 5 lender: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 lender responsibility principles: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 Minister: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 Ministry: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 post-repossession notice: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 prescribed: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 public holiday: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 purchase money security interest: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 register of financial service providers: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 repossession: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 repossession warning notice: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 residential premises: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 Responsible Lending Code or Code: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 security interest: amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(6) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 standard form contract terms: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 6(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 5 working day paragraph (ab): inserted, on 1 January 2014, by section 8 of the Holidays (Full Recognition of Waitangi Day and ANZAC Day) Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 19).

6 Meaning of credit

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, credit is provided under a contract if a right is granted by a person to another person to—

(a)

defer payment of a debt; or

(b)

incur a debt and defer its payment; or

(c)

purchase property or services and defer payment for that purchase (in whole or in part).

7 Meaning of credit contract

(1)

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, credit contract means a contract under which credit is or may be provided.

(2)

If, because of any contract or contracts (none of which by itself constitutes a credit contract) or any arrangement, there is a transaction that is in substance or effect a credit contract, the contract, contracts, or arrangement must, for the purposes of this Act, be treated as a credit contract made at the time when the contract, or the last of those contracts, or the arrangement, was made, as the case may be.

8 Meaning of buy-back transaction

(1)

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, buy-back transaction means a transaction under which—

(a)

a person (the occupier) transfers, or agrees to transfer, an estate in land to another person (the transferee); and

(b)

the land is the principal place of residence of the occupier at the time that the occupier enters into the transaction; and

(c)

the occupier, or a person designated by the occupier, has, after the transfer, a right to occupy the whole or any part of the land; and

(d)

1 or more of the following applies:

(i)

the occupier, or a person designated by the occupier, has a right to repurchase the estate in the land in whole or in part:

(ii)

there is an understanding between the occupier and the transferee that the occupier, or a person designated by the occupier, has a right to repurchase the estate in the land in whole or in part:

(iii)

there is an understanding between the occupier and any buy-back promoter that the occupier, or a person designated by the occupier, has a right to repurchase the estate in the land in whole or in part; and

(e)

the occupier is a natural person; and

(f)

the relevant finance is to be used, or is intended to be used, wholly or predominantly for personal, domestic, investment, or household purposes.

(1A)

For the purposes of subsection (1)(f), the predominant purpose for which the relevant finance is to be used is—

(a)

the purpose for which more than 50% of the relevant finance is intended to be used; or

(b)

if the relevant finance is intended to be used to obtain goods or services for use for different purposes, the purpose for which the goods or services are intended to be most used.

(1B)

The reference to intention in subsections (1)(f) and (1A) is a reference to the occupier’s intention.

(1C)

In this section, relevant finance means—

(a)

the money provided to the occupier or to another person to the order of the occupier in connection with the transaction; or

(b)

the amount of a payment, discharge, or consolidation of a pre-existing monetary obligation of the occupier in connection with the transaction.

(2)

If, by virtue of any contract or contracts (none of which by itself constitutes a buy-back transaction) or any arrangement, there is a transaction that is in substance or effect a buy-back transaction, the contract, contracts, or arrangement must, for the purposes of this Act, be treated as a buy-back transaction made at the time when the contract, or the last of those contracts, or the arrangement, was made, as the case may be.

Section 8(1)(e): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 7(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 8(1)(f): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 7(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 8(1A): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 7(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 8(1B): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 7(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 8(1C): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 7(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

8A Meanings of associated and associated person

(1)

For the purposes of this Act, one person (A) is associated with another person (B),—

(a)

if A is connected to B by blood relationship, marriage, or adoption or where A is a trustee for B, and for the purposes of this paragraph—

(i)

persons are connected by blood relationship if they are within the fourth degree of relationship:

(ii)

persons are connected by marriage if one person is married to the other person or to a person who is connected by blood relationship to the other person, or if one person has a relationship in the nature of marriage with the other person or with a person who is connected by blood relationship to the other person (whether or not the parties to the relationship are of the same or different sex):

(iii)

persons are connected by adoption if one person has been adopted as the child of the other person or as a child of a person who is within the third degree of relationship to the other person:

(b)

in the case where B is a company, if A is a director or officer of B, or is associated (within the meaning of paragraph (a)) with a director or officer of B, or is directly or indirectly able to exercise control over the affairs of B:

(c)

in the case where A is a company, if B is a director or officer of A, or is associated (within the meaning of paragraph (a)) with a director or officer of A, or is directly or indirectly able to exercise control over the affairs of A:

(d)

in the case where both A and B are companies,—

(i)

if A is a holding company or subsidiary of B within the meaning of section 5 of the Companies Act 1993; or

(ii)

if A owns or controls shares that in aggregate carry the right to exercise or control the exercise of 20% or more of the voting power at meetings of B; or

(iii)

if B owns or controls shares that in aggregate carry the right to exercise or control the exercise of 20% or more of the voting power at meetings of A; or

(iv)

if A and B have the same holding company within the meaning of section 5 of the Companies Act 1993; or

(v)

if a third person owns or controls shares in each of them that carry the right to exercise or control the exercise of 20% or more of the voting power at meetings of each of them.

(2)

Associated person has a corresponding meaning.

Section 8A: inserted, on 25 August 2005, by section 75 of the Overseas Investment Act 2005 (2005 No 82).

8B Provisions affecting application of amendments to this Act

Schedule 1AA contains application, savings, and transitional provisions relating to amendments made to this Act after 1 January 2014 (see section 141A).

Section 8B: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 8 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

9 Act binds the Crown

This Act binds the Crown.

Part 1A Lender responsibilities

Part 1A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

9A Outline of Part

(1)

This Part provides for lender responsibility principles that must be complied with by creditors under certain credit contracts and transferees under buy-back transactions.

(2)

In relation to those principles, this Act provides for—

(a)

the court to make compensation and other orders, or to grant an injunction, in respect of a breach of the principles (see sections 93(aa) and 96(1)(aa)):

(b)

creditors to make decisions on hardship applications under section 55 in compliance with the principles (see section 57A):

(c)

creditors to comply with the principles in relation to a repossession of consumer goods (see sections 83E(1)(c) and 83Q):

(d)

a District Court to order persons not to act as creditors, lessors, or transferees if those persons have failed, more than once, to comply with the principles (see section 108(1)(a)(v)):

(e)

the court to have regard to compliance with the principles when deciding whether to reopen an agreement under Part 5 (see section 124(1)(b)).

(3)

This Part also provides for requirements to make publicly available standard form contract terms and information about the costs of borrowing.

Section 9A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Interpretation

Heading: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

9B Interpretation

(1)

In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires,—

agreement means—

(a)

a consumer credit contract or a credit contract to which Part 3A applies:

(b)

a buy-back transaction

borrower means any person who has entered into, or is seeking to enter into, an agreement with a lender

finance means finance provided under a buy-back transaction

lender means—

(a)

a creditor under a consumer credit contract or a credit contract to which Part 3A applies:

(b)

a transferee under a buy-back transaction

relevant guarantee means a guarantee given, or proposed to be given, in respect of—

(a)

a consumer credit contract; or

(b)

a credit contract to which Part 3A applies

relevant insurance contract means, in relation to a lender, a credit-related insurance contract entered into, or to be entered into, by a borrower if—

(a)

the borrower has also entered into, or is seeking to enter into, an agreement with the lender; and

(b)

the insurance is arranged by the lender.

(2)

For the purposes of this Part, insurance is arranged by the lender if 1 or more of the following applies:

(a)

the lender is the insurer:

(b)

the lender acts as the agent of the insurer in relation to the insurance:

(c)

the lender receives a commission in relation to the insurance:

(d)

the lender requires the borrower to obtain the insurance from a particular insurer or particular insurers:

(e)

the lender has in place any arrangement that has the effect of requiring the borrower to obtain the insurance from a particular insurer or particular insurers:

(f)

the insurance is financed under the agreement entered into by the borrower and the lender.

(3)

If a security interest is or may be taken in connection with an agreement, the contract or arrangement that creates or provides for the security interest is to be treated as forming part of the agreement for the purposes of this Part.

(4)

If an agreement involves a repayment waiver or an extended warranty, the repayment waiver or extended warranty is to be treated as forming part of the agreement for the purposes of this Part.

Section 9B: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Principles

Heading: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

9C Lender responsibility principles

(1)

Every lender must comply with the lender responsibility principles.

(2)

The lender responsibility principles are that every lender must, at all times,—

(a)

exercise the care, diligence, and skill of a responsible lender—

(i)

in any advertisement for providing credit or finance under an agreement; and

(ii)

before entering into an agreement to provide credit or finance and before taking a relevant guarantee; and

(iii)

in all subsequent dealings with a borrower in relation to an agreement or a guarantor in relation to a relevant guarantee; and

(b)

comply with all the lender responsibilities specified in subsections (3), (4), and (5).

(3)

The lender responsibilities are that a lender must, in relation to an agreement with a borrower,—

(a)

make reasonable inquiries, before entering into the agreement, so as to be satisfied that it is likely that—

(i)

the credit or finance provided under the agreement will meet the borrower’s requirements and objectives; and

(ii)

the borrower will make the payments under the agreement without suffering substantial hardship; and

(b)

assist the borrower to reach an informed decision as to whether or not to enter into the agreement and to be reasonably aware of the full implications of entering into the agreement, including by ensuring that—

(i)

any advertising is not, or is not likely to be, misleading, deceptive, or confusing to borrowers; and

(ii)

the terms of the agreement are expressed in plain language in a clear, concise, and intelligible manner; and

(iii)

any information provided by the lender to the borrower is not presented in a manner that is, or is likely to be, misleading, deceptive, or confusing; and

(c)

assist the borrower to reach informed decisions in all subsequent dealings in relation to the agreement, including by ensuring that—

(i)

any variation to the agreement is expressed in plain language in a clear, concise, and intelligible manner; and

(ii)

any information provided by the lender to the borrower after the agreement has been entered into is not presented in a manner that is, or is likely to be, misleading, deceptive, or confusing; and

(d)

treat the borrower and their property (or property in their possession) reasonably and in an ethical manner, including—

(i)

when breaches of the agreement have occurred or may occur or when other problems arise:

(ii)

when a debtor under a consumer credit contract suffers unforeseen hardship (see section 55):

(iii)

during a repossession process (including by taking all reasonable steps to ensure that goods and property are not damaged during the process, that repossessed goods are adequately stored and protected, and that the right to enter premises is not exercised in an unreasonable manner); and

(e)

ensure, in the case of an agreement to which Part 5 applies, that—

(i)

the agreement is not oppressive:

(ii)

the lender does not exercise a right or power conferred by the agreement in an oppressive manner:

(iii)

the lender does not induce the borrower to enter into the agreement by oppressive means; and

(f)

meet all the lender’s legal obligations to the borrower, including under this Act, the Fair Trading Act 1986, the Consumer Guarantees Act 1993, the Financial Service Providers (Registration and Dispute Resolution) Act 2008, and the Financial Advisers Act 2008, which include—

(i)

obligations in relation to disclosure, credit fees, unforeseen hardship applications, and credit repossession under this Act; and

(ii)

prohibitions on false or misleading representations and unfair contract terms under the Fair Trading Act 1986; and

(iii)

the guarantee that the service of providing credit and any other services will be carried out with reasonable care and skill under the Consumer Guarantees Act 1993.

(4)

The lender responsibilities are also that a lender must, in relation to a relevant guarantee that is taken by the lender,—

(a)

make reasonable inquiries, before the guarantee is given, so as to be satisfied that it is likely that the guarantor will be able to comply with the guarantee without suffering substantial hardship; and

(b)

assist the guarantor to reach an informed decision as to whether or not to give the guarantee and to be reasonably aware of the full implications of giving the guarantee, including by ensuring that—

(i)

the terms of the guarantee are expressed in plain language in a clear, concise, and intelligible manner; and

(ii)

any information provided by the lender to the guarantor is not presented in a manner that is or is likely to be misleading, deceptive, or confusing; and

(c)

treat the guarantor reasonably and in an ethical manner, including when breaches of a credit contract to which the guarantee applies have occurred or may occur or when other problems arise; and

(d)

ensure, in the case of a guarantee that is to be treated as forming part of a credit contract for the purposes of Part 5 under section 119, that—

(i)

the guarantee is not oppressive:

(ii)

the lender does not exercise a right or power conferred by the guarantee in an oppressive manner:

(iii)

the lender does not induce the guarantor to give the guarantee by oppressive means; and

(e)

meet all the lender’s legal obligations to the guarantor, including under the Acts specified in subsection (3)(f).

(5)

The lender responsibilities are also that a lender must, in relation to a relevant insurance contract,—

(a)

make reasonable inquiries, before the contract is entered into, so as to be satisfied that it is likely that—

(i)

the insurance provided under the contract will meet the borrower’s requirements and objectives; and

(ii)

the borrower will make the payments under the contract without suffering substantial hardship; and

(b)

assist the borrower to reach an informed decision as to whether or not to enter into the contract and to be reasonably aware of the full implications of entering into the contract, including by ensuring that—

(i)

any advertising distributed by the lender is not, or is not likely to be, misleading, deceptive, or confusing to borrowers; and

(ii)

any information provided by the lender to the borrower is not presented in a manner that is, or is likely to be, misleading, deceptive, or confusing.

(6)

Subsections (3)(b)(iii) and (c)(ii), (4)(b)(ii), and (5)(b)(ii) do not apply to information that is subject to section 32(1).

(7)

For the purposes of the inquiries required under subsections (3)(a), (4)(a), and (5)(a), the lender may rely on information provided by the borrower or guarantor unless the lender has reasonable grounds to believe the information is not reliable.

Section 9C: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

9D Proceedings for breach of legal obligations under other Acts

(1)

This section applies if, in relation to a legal obligation referred to in section 9C(3)(f) or (4)(e),—

(a)

conduct by a person constitutes a breach of an Act (other than this Act); and

(b)

proceedings have been commenced under that other Act in respect of that conduct.

(2)

Proceedings may not be commenced under this Act in respect of the same conduct on the basis of a breach of section 9C(3)(f) or (4)(e).

(3)

Subsection (2) applies unless the court orders otherwise.

(4)

This section does not prevent proceedings from being commenced as a result of a breach of section 9C(2)(a), (3)(a) to (e), or (4)(a) to (d).

Section 9D: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Responsible Lending Code

Heading: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

9E Purpose of Responsible Lending Code

(1)

The purpose of the Responsible Lending Code is to—

(a)

elaborate on the lender responsibility principles specified in section 9C(2); and

(b)

offer guidance on how those principles may be implemented by lenders.

(2)

The Responsible Lending Code is not binding.

(3)

However, in any proceedings relating to this Act, evidence of a lender’s compliance with the provisions of the Responsible Lending Code is to be treated as evidence of compliance with the lender responsibility principles.

Section 9E: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

9F Content of Responsible Lending Code

(1)

In order to achieve its purpose, the Responsible Lending Code may set out any, or all, of the following:

(a)

the nature and extent of inquiries a lender should make before entering into an agreement, before a relevant guarantee is given, or before a relevant insurance contract is entered into:

(b)

the processes, practices, or procedures that a lender should follow—

(i)

to ensure that advertising for providing credit or finance under agreements is not, or is not likely to be, misleading, deceptive, or confusing to borrowers:

(ii)

when making reasonable inquiries referred to in section 9C(3)(a), (4)(a), and (5)(a) so as to be satisfied of the matters referred to in those paragraphs:

(iii)

to give the assistance referred to in section 9C(3)(b) and (c), (4)(b), and (5)(b) (including where the borrower’s or guarantor’s first language is not English):

(iv)

to ensure that the lender treats borrowers, guarantors, and their property (or property in their possession) reasonably and in an ethical manner:

(v)

in the case of an agreement or a guarantee to which Part 5 applies, to ensure that the agreement or guarantee is not oppressive, the lender does not exercise a right or power conferred by the agreement or guarantee in an oppressive manner, and the lender does not induce the borrower to enter into the agreement, or the guarantor to give the guarantee, by oppressive means:

(vi)

to promote or facilitate compliance with the legal obligations referred to in section 9C(3)(f) and (4)(e) (for example, by reference to compliance programmes):

(vii)

to ensure that fees are not unreasonable in terms of section 41, 80, or 82:

(c)

the circumstances in which the lender should require or recommend independent legal advice to be obtained:

(d)

the processes, practices, or procedures that a lender should follow for the purposes of Part 3A:

(e)

any other matter that promotes or facilitates the lender responsibility principles (set out in section 9C(2)) and that is not inconsistent with any other enactment.

(2)

The Code may also contain different provisions in relation to particular—

(a)

lenders or classes of lenders:

(b)

borrowers or classes of borrowers:

(c)

guarantors or classes of guarantors:

(d)

agreements or classes of agreements.

Section 9F: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

How Responsible Lending Code made and administered

Heading: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

9G Preparation and issue of Responsible Lending Code

(1)

The Minister must prepare and issue the Responsible Lending Code.

(2)

The Minister may use any process that the Minister considers appropriate to develop the Code, but must—

(a)

publish a draft Code and release it to the public:

(b)

consult persons, or representatives of such persons, that the Minister considers will be substantially affected by the Code:

(c)

consider comments received on the draft Code:

(d)

prepare a revised Code in response to comments received:

(e)

consult the Minister of Commerce and the Minister of Finance:

(f)

consider comments received from those Ministers:

(g)

issue the Code.

Section 9G: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

9H Responsible Lending Code comes into force by notice in Gazette

(1)

After the Minister has issued the Code, as provided for in section 9G(2), the Minister must give notice in the Gazette of the date or dates on which the provisions of the Code come into force.

(2)

The notice may state different dates for different provisions, but no date may be before the 28th day after the date on which the notice is published in the Gazette.

(3)

Each provision in the Code comes into force on the date stated in the notice that applies to the provision.

(4)

The Code and the notice are each disallowable instruments, but not legislative instruments, for the purposes of the Legislation Act 2012 and must be presented to the House of Representatives under section 41 of that Act.

(5)

The Ministry must ensure that the Code is available at all reasonable times on an Internet site maintained by or on behalf of the Ministry.

Section 9H: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

9I Amendment of Responsible Lending Code

(1)

The Minister may, at any time, amend or replace the Responsible Lending Code.

(2)

Sections 9G and 9H apply, with any necessary modifications, to any amendment to, or replacement of, the Code.

(3)

However, in the case of a minor amendment that does not materially affect the Code, the Minister need not comply with section 9G(2)(a) to (f).

Section 9I: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Publication of standard form contract terms and disclosure of costs of borrowing

Heading: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

9J Publication of standard form contract terms

(1)

Every lender who, in relation to an agreement, uses standard form contract terms must ensure that those terms are publicly available in accordance with this section.

(2)

For the purposes of subsection (1), a lender does not use particular standard form contract terms if the lender has ceased to offer agreements that contain those terms.

(3)

For the purposes of subsection (1),—

(a)

if the lender has an Internet site, the lender must display prominently and clearly a copy of the standard form contract terms on that site; and

(b)

if the lender operates from business premises that are accessible to the public, the lender must display prominently and clearly on those premises a notice that a copy of those terms is available on request (free of charge).

(4)

The lender must, immediately after receiving the request of any person, supply a copy of its standard form contract terms, free of charge, to that person (regardless of whether subsection (3) applies).

(5)

The lender may, for the purposes of subsection (4), supply the copy by way of an electronic communication if the person who made the request consents to receive the copy in that manner.

Section 9J: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

9K Publication of costs of borrowing

(1)

Every creditor must ensure that information about all the costs of borrowing in relation to every class of credit contract offered by that creditor is publicly available in accordance with this section.

(2)

In this section, credit contract means a consumer credit contract or credit contract to which Part 3A applies.

(3)

For the purposes of subsection (1),—

(a)

if the creditor has an Internet site, the creditor must display prominently and clearly on that site the creditor’s credit fees, default fees, and annual rates of interest (and default interest charge rates) in relation to every class of credit contract referred to in subsection (1); and

(b)

if the creditor operates from business premises that are accessible to the public, the creditor must display prominently and clearly on those premises a notice that a copy of the information about those credit fees, default fees, and rates is available on request (free of charge).

(4)

The creditor must, immediately after receiving the request of any person, supply a copy of the information referred to in subsection (1), free of charge, to that person (regardless of whether subsection (3) applies).

(5)

Information about rates of interest may be expressed by reference to a range.

(6)

Information made publicly available under this section must—

(a)

contain the prescribed information; and

(b)

be in the prescribed form (if any).

Section 9K: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

9L Extended meaning of business premises

(1)

In sections 9J and 9K, business premises includes a vehicle, stand, or stall from which goods are offered or exposed for sale, or from which goods may be ordered, if those goods may be sold under a credit sale.

(2)

In subsection (1), vehicle has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Land Transport Act 1998.

Section 9L: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 9 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Part 2 Consumer credit contracts

Subpart 1—Application

10 When this Part applies

This Part applies to consumer credit contracts.

11 Meaning of consumer credit contract

(1)

A credit contract is a consumer credit contract if—

(a)

the debtor is a natural person; and

(b)

the credit is to be used, or is intended to be used, wholly or predominantly for personal, domestic, or household purposes; and

(c)

1 or more of the following applies:

(i)

interest charges are or may be payable under the contract:

(ii)

credit fees are or may be payable under the contract:

(iii)

a security interest is or may be taken under the contract; and

(d)

when the contract is entered into, 1 or more of the following applies:

(i)

the creditor, or one of the creditors, carries on a business of providing credit (whether or not the business is the creditor’s only business or the creditor’s principal business):

(ii)

the creditor, or one of the creditors, makes a practice of providing credit in the course of a business carried on by the creditor:

(iii)

the creditor, or one of the creditors, makes a practice of entering into credit contracts in the creditor’s own name as creditor on behalf of, or as trustee or nominee for, any other person:

(iv)

the contract results from an introduction of one party to another party by a paid adviser or broker.

(1A)

For the purposes of subsection (1)(b), the predominant purpose for which the credit is to be used is—

(a)

the purpose for which more than 50% of the credit is intended to be used; or

(b)

if the credit is intended to be used to obtain goods or services for use for different purposes, the purpose for which the goods or services are intended to be most used.

(1B)

The reference to intention in subsections (1)(b) and (1A) is a reference to the debtor’s intention.

(2)

This section is subject to sections 14 and 15.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 6(1) (Qld)

Section 11(1)(b): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 10(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 11(1A): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 10(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 11(1B): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 10(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

12 Investment purposes

Investment by the debtor is not a personal, domestic, or household purpose.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 6(4) (Qld)

13 Presumption relating to consumer credit contract

In any proceedings in which a party claims that a credit contract is a consumer credit contract, it is presumed that the credit contract is a consumer credit contract unless the contrary is established.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 11(1) (Qld)

14 Effect of declaration

(1)

A credit contract is not a consumer credit contract if the debtor makes a declaration before entering into the contract that the credit is to be used wholly or predominantly for business or investment purposes (or for both purposes).

(2)

Subsection (1) does not apply if the creditor, or the person who obtains the declaration, knew, or had reason to believe, at the time the declaration was made, that the credit was in fact to be used wholly or predominantly for personal, domestic, or household purposes.

(3)

A declaration is effective only if the declaration is in a separate written document and the debtor confirms that he or she has read and understood the declaration.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 11(2), (3) (Qld)

Section 14(1): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 11 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 14(2): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 11 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

15 Certain contracts not consumer credit contracts

(1)

The following contracts are not consumer credit contracts:

(a)

a contract for the sale of property, or the provision of services, to a person if the total amount payable under the contract by the person (other than any amount payable solely as a result of a default in payment by the person) is the agreed price of the property or services and is to be paid within 2 months from the day the contract is entered into:

(b)

a contract that is a credit contract merely because a person’s account with a creditor is debited and—

(i)

the effect of the debit is to put the account into overdraft; and

(ii)

the creation of the overdraft has not been agreed between the creditor and the person before the debit of the account:

(c)

a credit contract under which the debtor is a trustee acting in his or her capacity as a trustee of a family trust:

(ca)

a loan contract (as defined in section 4(1) of the Student Loan Scheme Act 2011):

(d)

a contract of any class prescribed by regulations to be a class of contract that is exempted from being a consumer credit contract if the person who relies on the exemption complies with the terms and conditions (if any) that apply to the exemption.

(2)

Subsection (1)(b) applies whether or not—

(a)

the creditor knows at the time the account is debited that the debit would have the effect of putting the account into overdraft; or

(b)

the creditor makes a charge (whether by way of an interest charge or otherwise) relating to the creation of the overdraft.

Section 15(1)(a): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 12 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 15(1)(ca): inserted, on 30 August 2011, by section 222 of the Student Loan Scheme Act 2011 (2011 No 62).

Section 15(1)(ca): amended, on 1 April 2012, by section 223 of the Student Loan Scheme Act 2011 (2011 No 62).

15A Part does not apply to pawnbroking contract

(1)

This Part does not apply to a pawnbroking contract if—

(a)

the contract was entered into by a pawnbroker in the ordinary course of the pawnbroker’s business in accordance with the Secondhand Dealers and Pawnbrokers Act 2004; and

(b)

in the case that the pledger is in default of his or her obligations under the pawnbroking contract or does not redeem his or her pawned goods on or before the redemption date, the pawnbroker’s only right of recourse is under section 63 of the Secondhand Dealers and Pawnbrokers Act 2004.

(2)

In this section, pawnbroker has the same meaning as in section 4 of the Secondhand Dealers and Pawnbrokers Act 2004.

Section 15A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 13 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

16 Lease of goods treated as consumer credit contract

(1)

For the purposes of this Act, a lease is to be treated as a credit sale, a credit contract, and a consumer credit contract if—

(a)

the lessee is a natural person; and

(b)

the goods are hired, or intended to be hired, wholly or predominantly for personal, domestic, or household purposes; and

(c)

when the lease is entered into, the lessor, or one of the lessors, carries on the business of leasing goods (whether or not the business is the lessor’s only business or the lessor’s principal business), or makes a practice of leasing goods in the course of a business carried on by the lessor; and

(d)

either or both of the following applies:

(i)

the amount payable by the lessee under the lease is substantially equivalent to, or in excess of, the cash price of the goods (whether or not the lessee has an option to purchase the goods):

(ii)

the lessee has an option to purchase the goods for no additional amount, for a nominal amount, or for an amount substantially below a reasonable estimate (calculated as at the date the lease is made) of the fair market value of the goods at the end of the term of the lease (whether or not the amount payable by the lessee under the lease is substantially equivalent to, or in excess of, the cash price of the goods).

(1A)

For the purposes of subsection (1)(b), the predominant purpose for which the goods are hired is, if the goods are intended to be used for different purposes, the purpose for which the goods are intended to be most used.

(1B)

The reference to intention in subsections (1)(b) and (1A) is a reference to the lessee’s intention.

(2)

For the purposes of this section, the amount payable by the lessee under the lease does not include—

(a)

any amount payable for optional services or services that are incidental to the hire of the goods; and

(b)

any amount payable to exercise an option to purchase the goods; and

(c)

any amount that would cease to be payable on the cancellation of the lease if the lessee were to exercise a right of cancellation at the earliest opportunity.

(3)

If subsection (1) applies,—

(a)

the lessor under the lease is to be treated as a creditor; and

(b)

the lessee under the lease is to be treated as a debtor; and

(c)

this Act applies with all other necessary modifications as if the lease were a credit sale, a credit contract, and a consumer credit contract.

(4)

If a lease is to be treated as a credit contract under subsection (1), then, for the purposes of the Financial Service Providers (Registration and Dispute Resolution) Act 2008,—

(a)

the lease is to be treated as a credit contract; and

(b)

the lessor under the lease is to be treated as a creditor; and

(c)

that Act applies with all other necessary modifications as if the lease were a credit contract.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 10(1), (4) (Qld)

Section 16(1): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 14(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 16(1)(b): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 14(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 16(1A): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 14(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 16(1B): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 14(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 16(3): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 14(4) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 16(4): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 14(4) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 2—Required disclosure

Initial disclosure

17 Initial disclosure

(1)

Every creditor under a consumer credit contract must ensure that disclosure of as much of the key information set out in Schedule 1 as is applicable to the contract is made to every debtor under the contract before the contract is entered into.

(2)

Every creditor under a consumer credit contract must ensure that a copy of all of the terms of the contract not disclosed under subsection (1) (other than terms implied by law) is given or sent to every debtor under the contract before the contract is entered into.

(a)
[Repealed]

(b)
[Repealed]

(3)

For the purposes of subsection (2), the copy of the terms of the contract must be given or sent in the same manner that disclosure is made under section 35.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 16

Section 17(1): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 15(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 17(2): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 15(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 17(2)(a): repealed, on 6 June 2015, by section 15(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 17(2)(b): repealed, on 6 June 2015, by section 15(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Continuing disclosure

18 Continuing disclosure

(1)

Every creditor under a consumer credit contract must ensure that disclosure of as much of the information set out in section 19 as is applicable to the contract is made periodically to every debtor under the contract in continuing disclosure statements.

(2)

The maximum period for a continuing disclosure statement is,—

(a)

in the case of a revolving credit contract, 45 working days; or

(b)

in any other case, 6 months.

(3)

This section is subject to section 21.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 31 (Qld)

19 Content of continuing disclosure statement

(1)

Every continuing disclosure statement must contain as much of the following information as is applicable to the consumer credit contract:

(a)

the opening and closing dates of the period covered by the statement; and

(b)

the opening and closing unpaid balances; and

(c)

the date, amount, and a description of each advance during the statement period; and

(d)

the date and amount of each interest charge debited to the debtor’s account during the statement period; and

(e)

the date and amount of each amount paid by the debtor to the creditor, or credited to the debtor, during the statement period; and

(f)

the date, amount, and a description of each fee or charge debited to the debtor’s account during the statement period; and

(g)

the amount and the time for payment of the next payment that must be made by the debtor under the contract; and

(h)

the annual interest rate or rates during the statement period (expressed as a percentage or percentages); and

(i)

in the case of a credit card contract, a prescribed minimum repayment warning (for example, to warn that if the debtor makes only a minimum payment each month, the debtor will pay more interest and it will take the debtor longer to pay off the unpaid balance) and other prescribed information in connection with payments under a credit card contract.

(2)

For the purposes of subsection (1)(i),—

(a)

a credit card contract is a revolving credit contract under which credit is ordinarily obtained only by the use of a credit card:

(b)

a credit card is—

(i)

a card of a kind commonly known as a credit card; or

(ii)

a card of a kind that persons carrying on business commonly issue to their customers, or prospective customers, for use in obtaining goods or services from those persons on credit; or

(iii)

anything else that may be used as a card referred to in subparagraph (i) or (ii).

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 32 (Qld)

Section 19(1)(h): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 16(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 19(1)(i): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 16(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 19(2): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 16(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

20 Opening unpaid balance must not exceed closing unpaid balance of previous continuing disclosure statement

The opening unpaid balance shown in each successive continuing disclosure statement must not exceed the closing unpaid balance shown in the last continuing disclosure statement.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 33(1) (Qld)

21 Continuing disclosure not required

(1)

Disclosure under section 18 is not required if—

(a)
[Repealed]

(b)

in connection with the consumer credit contract,—

(i)

the creditor maintains (at all reasonable times) a website that allows the debtor to access the information set out in section 19 as is applicable to the contract for any reasonable statement period specified by the debtor; and

(ii)

the debtor consents to the information set out in section 19 being disclosed in the manner set out in subparagraph (i); or

(c)

neither interest charges nor credit fees are payable under the consumer credit contract.

(2)

Disclosure under section 18 is not required in relation to a particular period if—

(a)

the creditor cannot reasonably locate the debtor; or

(b)

during the period that would otherwise be covered by a disclosure statement,—

(i)

there have been no debits or credits to the debtor’s account and the unpaid balance is nil; or

(ii)

the creditor has written off the unpaid balance and there are no subsequent credits or debits to the debtor’s account; or

(iii)

the debtor has breached the consumer credit contract and the creditor has commenced enforcement proceedings; or

(iv)

the debtor has been declared bankrupt or died and the Official Assignee or executors or trustees or administrator of the debtor’s estate have not requested a continuing disclosure statement.

(3)

If disclosure under section 18 has not, in accordance with this section, been made in relation to a particular period, the next continuing disclosure statement that is required to be given or sent under this Act must cover every immediately preceding period for which a continuing disclosure statement has not been given or sent.

Section 21(1)(a): repealed, on 6 June 2015, by section 17 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Variation disclosure

22 Disclosure of agreed changes

(1)

Every creditor under a consumer credit contract must ensure that disclosure of the following information is made to every debtor under the contract if the parties to the contract agree to change the contract:

(a)

full particulars of the change:

(b)

any other information prescribed by regulations to be information that must be disclosed under this section.

(2)

Disclosure under this section must be made before the change takes effect.

(3)

Despite subsection (2), disclosure may, instead of being made in accordance with that subsection, be made in accordance with subsection (4), but only if the change is one that—

(a)

reduces the obligations that the debtor would otherwise have, unless the obligations are reduced following an application under section 55; or

(b)

extends the time for payment of any payment to be made under the contract, unless the time for payment is extended following an application under section 55; or

(c)

releases the whole or any part of a security interest relating to the contract; or

(d)

increases any credit limit under the consumer credit contract.

(4)

The disclosure referred to in subsection (3) may be made, at the creditor’s discretion, either—

(a)

within 5 working days of the day on which the change takes effect; or

(b)

if the creditor is required to make continuing disclosure under section 18, at the same time as the creditor provides the debtor with the next continuing disclosure statement (as required under that section) after the change takes effect.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 17

Section 22(3): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 18(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 22(3)(d): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 18(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 22(4): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 18(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

23 Disclosure of changes following exercise of power

(1)

Every creditor under a consumer credit contract must ensure that disclosure of the information set out in subsection (2) is made to every debtor under the contract if the creditor exercises a power under the contract to change any of the following matters:

(a)

the amount of an interest rate under the contract or any other particular in relation to how any interest charge under the contract is calculated or applied:

(b)

the amount, frequency, time for payment, or method of calculation of any payment to be made under the contract:

(c)

the amount, frequency, time for payment, or method of calculation of any fee or charge payable under the contract:

(d)

the amount of a credit limit under the contract.

(2)

The information that must be disclosed is as follows:

(a)

full particulars of the change:

(b)

any other information prescribed by regulations to be information that must be disclosed under this section.

(3)

Disclosure under this section must be made within 5 working days of the day on which the change takes effect.

(4)

In the case of a change to the amount of an interest rate or in the case of a change to the amount of any fee or charge payable, a creditor may, instead of complying with section 35, make disclosure in accordance with any publication requirements prescribed by regulations for the purposes of this section.

(5)

Despite subsection (3), disclosure may, instead of being made in accordance with that subsection, be made in accordance with subsection (6), but only in relation to—

(a)

a change that—

(i)

reduces the obligations that the debtor would otherwise have; or

(ii)

extends the time for payment of any payment to be made under the consumer credit contract; or

(iii)
[Repealed]

(b)

a change of any class prescribed by regulations to be a class of change to which this subsection applies.

(6)

The disclosure referred to in subsection (5) may be made, at the creditor’s discretion,—

(a)

within 5 working days of the day on which the change takes effect; or

(b)

if the creditor is required to make continuing disclosure under section 18, at the same time as the creditor provides the debtor with the next continuing disclosure statement (as required under that section) after the change takes effect.

Section 23(1)(d): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 19(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 23(5): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 19(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 23(5)(a)(iii): repealed, on 6 June 2015, by section 19(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 23(5)(b): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 19(4) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 23(6): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 19(5) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Request and guarantee disclosure

24 Request disclosure

(1)

Every debtor or guarantor under a consumer credit contract may request in writing that disclosure of any or all of the matters referred to in subsection (2) be made to them by the creditor.

(2)

The matters are as follows:

(a)

the effect of a part prepayment on the debtor’s obligations under the consumer credit contract:

(b)

full particulars concerning any changes made to the consumer credit contract since the contract was made:

(c)

the amount of any fee or charge payable on a part prepayment and how that amount is calculated:

(d)

the amount required for full prepayment at a specified date and how that amount is calculated:

(e)

the unpaid balance, including the amount of any interest charge outstanding (calculated as at the date that the disclosure statement is prepared):

(f)

the information specified in paragraph (o) of Schedule 1:

(g)

a continuing disclosure statement containing as much of the information specified in section 19 as is applicable to the consumer credit contract for any reasonable statement period specified by the debtor or guarantor.

(2A)

Subsection (2)(g) does not apply if, under section 21, disclosure under section 18 is not required.

(2B)

Every debtor or guarantor under a consumer credit contract may also request in writing that the creditor provide them with a copy of—

(a)

any disclosure statement that was provided, or that should have been provided, before the date on which the request is made:

(b)

the contract between the debtor and the creditor.

(3)

The creditor must comply with the request for disclosure within 15 working days of the later of—

(a)

the date that the request is received by the creditor; or

(b)

the date on which the creditor receives payment of a reasonable fee for the disclosure as specified by the creditor.

(4)

However, the creditor does not have to comply with the request for disclosure if—

(a)

disclosure of the matter that is requested has been made to the person making the request during the 3 months before the receipt of the request by the creditor; or

(b)

the request is received by the creditor more than 1 year after the consumer credit contract has come to an end.

(5)

See section 9J(4) (which allows any person to request a copy of the standard form contract terms used by a creditor).

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 19

Section 24(2)(g): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 20(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 24(2A): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 20(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 24(2B): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 20(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 24(5): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 20(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

25 Disclosure of guarantee

(1)

Every creditor who takes a guarantee of a consumer credit contract must ensure—

(a)

that every guarantor under the guarantee is given or sent a copy of all of the terms of the guarantee (other than terms implied by law); and

(b)

that disclosure of as much of the key information (set out in Schedule 1) as is applicable to each consumer credit contract that the creditor and the debtor enter into and to which the guarantee applies is made to every guarantor under the guarantee.

(2)

The copy of the terms of the guarantee must be given or sent, and disclosure of the key information concerning each consumer credit contract that the creditor and the debtor enter into and to which the guarantee applies at the time the guarantee is given must be made, before the guarantee is given.

(3)

Disclosure of the key information concerning any subsequent consumer credit contract that the creditor enters into with the debtor and to which the guarantee applies must be made within 5 working days of the day on which the contract is entered into.

(4)

For the purposes of subsection (1), the copy of the terms of the guarantee must be given or sent in the same manner that disclosure is made under section 35.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 16A

Section 25(2): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 21(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 25(3): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 21(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

26 Disclosure of changes to guarantors

(1)

Every creditor who takes a guarantee of a consumer credit contract must ensure that disclosure of the information set out in subsection (2) is made to every guarantor under the guarantee if—

(a)

the debtor and the creditor agree to a change to the contract that increases the obligations that the debtor would otherwise have or reduces the time for payment of any payment to be made under the contract; or

(b)

the creditor exercises a power under the contract that has the effect of increasing the obligations that the debtor would otherwise have or reducing the time for payment of any payment to be made under the contract.

(2)

The information that must be disclosed under subsection (1) is as follows:

(a)

full particulars of the change:

(b)

any other information prescribed by regulations to be information that must be disclosed under subsection (1).

(3)

Disclosure under subsection (1) must be made within 5 working days of the day on which—

(a)

the change is agreed to by the debtor and the creditor, in the case of subsection (1)(a); or

(b)

the change takes effect, in the case of subsection (1)(b).

(4)

If the creditor has exercised a power under the credit contract to change the amount of an interest rate or to change the amount of any fee or charge payable, the creditor may, instead of complying with section 35, make disclosure in accordance with any publication requirements prescribed by regulations for the purposes of this section.

26A Disclosure of transfer of rights of creditor under consumer credit contract

(1)

Every creditor who transfers (whether by assignment or operation of law) the rights of that person under a consumer credit contract to another creditor (the new creditor) must ensure that the disclosure of the following information is made to every debtor and guarantor under the contract:

(a)

the name, address, and other contact details of the new creditor:

(b)

the new creditor’s registration number under the register of financial service providers and the name under which the new creditor is registered under that register:

(c)

the name and contact details of the dispute resolution scheme of which the new creditor is a member (unless the Financial Service Providers (Registration and Dispute Resolution) Act 2008 does not require the new creditor to be a member of such a scheme):

(d)

the date on which the rights were, or are to be, transferred to the new creditor:

(e)

the impact (if any) of the transfer on the debtor:

(f)

that the transfer does not affect the terms of the contract that the debtor entered into (other than terms relating to the identity of the creditor).

(2)

Disclosure under this section must be made within 10 working days of the day on which the transfer takes effect.

(3)

This section does not apply in the prescribed circumstances (being circumstances that relate to securitisation or covered bond arrangements or similar arrangements).

Section 26A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 22 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 3—Debtor’s right to cancel

27 Right to cancel consumer credit contract

(1)

A debtor under a consumer credit contract may cancel the contract by giving written notice of the cancellation to the creditor under the contract within 5 working days of the day that disclosure is made under section 17 (or at any time if that disclosure has not been made) and either,—

(a)

in the case of a contract referred to in subsection (2), paying the cash price of the property or services (or the balance of the cash price after deducting any amount already paid by the debtor) to the creditor within 15 working days of the day the notice is given; or

(b)

in any other case, returning to the creditor any advance and any other property received by a debtor under the contract within 5 working days of the day that disclosure is made under section 17 (or at any time if that disclosure has not been made).

(2)

A consumer credit contract for the purposes of subsection (1)(a) is—

(a)

a credit sale of goods if the debtor has taken possession of the goods and disclosure of the information referred to in paragraph (s) of Schedule 1 has been made:

(b)

a credit sale involving a sale of property by auction:

(c)

a credit sale of property that the debtor wants to keep or of services the debtor wants to obtain:

(d)

a credit sale of services that have been performed.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 22(1), (2)

Section 27(1): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 23 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 27(1)(b): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 23 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

28 Notice of cancellation, return of property, and payment of cash price

(1)

Written notice of cancellation may be expressed in any way that shows the intention of the debtor to cancel or withdraw from the consumer credit contract.

(2)

Written notice of cancellation may be given, property may be returned, and a cash price paid, to a creditor—

(a)

by giving it to the creditor or any agent or employee of the creditor; or

(b)

by posting it to the last known place of residence or business of the creditor or any agent of the creditor.

(3)

Written notice of cancellation may be given in electronic form, whether by means of an electronic communication or otherwise, if the creditor consents to notices or other communications from the debtor being given in electronic form and by means of an electronic communication, if applicable.

(4)

For the purposes of this section, a creditor may consent to notices or other communications from the debtor being given in electronic form subject to conditions regarding the form of the notice or communication or the means by which the notice or communication is produced, sent, received, processed, stored, or displayed.

(5)

Written notice of cancellation may be given, property may be returned, and a cash price paid by an agent acting on behalf of a debtor.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 22(3)

29 Right of cancellation does not apply in certain situations

(1)

Section 27 does not apply if the credit is provided for a specified period of less than 2 months and no part of the credit is used, with the knowledge of the creditor, to pay amounts owing to the creditor or a related company under another credit contract.

(2)

Section 27 does not entitle a debtor to cancel a consumer credit contract on the ground that disclosure has not been made to a guarantor.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 22(4), (5)

30 Effect of cancellation

(1)

If a consumer credit contract is cancelled under section 27(1)(b), the following rules apply:

(a)

the rights and obligations of the parties under the contract cease; and

(b)

the creditor must, as soon as is reasonably practicable,—

(i)

return any property that the creditor has received under the contract to the party from whom it was received; and

(ii)

release every security interest taken in connection with the contract, other than any part of a security interest that—

(A)

relates to obligations of the debtor or guarantor that are not directly related to the contract; and

(B)

is capable of being enforced despite paragraph (a); and

(c)

the creditor must calculate—

(i)

the amounts due to the creditor; and

(ii)

the amounts due to the debtor; and

(d)

the difference between the amounts calculated in accordance with paragraph (c) must be paid by the creditor to the debtor, or by the debtor to the creditor, as the case may be.

(2)

The calculation under subsection (1)(c) must be made on the basis that—

(a)

no debtor under the contract is liable to pay any part of the interest charges, fees, or charges provided for in the contract other than—

(i)

interest charges on the unpaid balance for the period during which the credit was provided (at the same rate that would have been payable over that period if the contract had not been cancelled); and

(ii)

any reasonable expenses necessarily incurred by the creditor in connection with the contract and the cancellation of the contract; and

(iii)

if property is returned to a creditor that has been damaged while in the possession of a debtor, the cost of repairing the damage; and

(b)

if the debtor has already paid any interest charges, fees, or charges provided for in the contract that the debtor is not liable to pay under paragraph (a), the amount paid is due to the debtor under subsection (1)(c)(ii).

(3)

In addition, if a consumer credit contract is cancelled under section 27(1)(b),—

(a)

no guarantor under the contract is liable to pay any part of the interest charges, fees, or charges provided for in the contract other than the interest charges, expenses, or costs referred to in subsection (2)(a)(i) to (iii) (if those amounts are payable under the guarantee); and

(b)

the creditor must repay any interest charges, fees, or charges already received by the creditor from the guarantor that the guarantor is not liable to pay under paragraph (a).

Section 30: replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 24 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

31 Effect of credit sale cancellation

If a consumer credit contract is cancelled under section 27(1)(a), section 30(1)(b) to (d) and (3) applies to the contract except that—

(a)

the creditor need not return the cash price paid under section 27(1)(a) or any property forming part of the contract; and

(b)

the creditor’s obligation to provide the property or services to which the cash price relates continues.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 23(2)

Section 31: amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 25 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 4—Disclosure standards and how disclosure is made

32 Disclosure standards

(1)

Disclosure must—

(a)

be in writing in a disclosure statement; and

(b)

contain the information required by this Act; and

(ba)

if required by the regulations, be made in the form prescribed by regulations for the purposes of this paragraph; and

(c)

express the required information clearly, concisely, and in a manner likely to bring the information to the attention of a reasonable person; and

(d)

not be likely to deceive or mislead a reasonable person with regard to any particular that is material to the consumer credit contract, guarantee, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction (as the case may be).

(1A)

If subsection (1)(ba) applies and a person gives disclosure in the prescribed form in the manner required by the regulations, the person is to be treated as having complied with the requirements of subsection (1)(a), (c), and (d).

(2)

A disclosure statement—

(a)

may be in a single document or a series of related documents:

(b)

may be included as part of 1 or more other documents.

(3)

If a creditor provides 2 or more credit facilities to a debtor under 1 or more consumer credit contracts, disclosure may be made in 1 or more disclosure statements.

(4)

The requirement to make disclosure in writing may be met by giving the required information in electronic form, whether by means of an electronic communication or otherwise, if—

(a)

the information is readily accessible so as to be usable for subsequent reference; and

(b)

the person to whom the disclosure is required to be made consents to the disclosure being made in electronic form and by means of an electronic communication, if applicable.

(5)

For the purposes of this section, a person may consent to the information being given in electronic form subject to conditions regarding the form of the information or the means by which the information is produced, sent, received, processed, stored, or displayed.

Section 32(1)(ba): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 26(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 32(1A): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 26(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

33 Assumptions

(1)

Information that is required to be disclosed under this Act may be disclosed by using or applying the assumptions that are prescribed for the purposes of this section in accordance with the terms and conditions (if any) that apply to those assumptions.

(2)

Information that is required to be disclosed under this Act that is not otherwise ascertainable must be treated as ascertainable if it is ascertainable on the basis of the prescribed assumptions as at the date that the disclosure statement is prepared.

(3)

Information disclosed in a disclosure statement must be treated as correctly disclosed if it is within the prescribed assumptions.

34 Creditor, etc, may voluntarily use model disclosure statement if not required to use mandatory form

(1)

This section applies if a person is not required to use a form prescribed for the purposes of section 32(1)(ba).

(2)

If the person uses a model disclosure statement prescribed by regulations for the purposes of this section in the manner required by those regulations, the person is to be treated as having complied with the requirements of section 32(1)(a), (c), and (d).

Section 34: replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 27 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

35 How disclosure is made

(1)

Disclosure must be made by—

(a)

giving the disclosure statement to the person to whom disclosure is to be made; or

(b)

sending the disclosure statement by post to that person’s place of residence last known to the person making disclosure or to an address specified by the person for this purpose; or

(c)

in the case of an electronic communication, sending the disclosure statement to the information system specified by the person for this purpose.

(2)

If the place of residence referred to in subsection (1)(b) is the same for 2 or more persons, the disclosure statement given or sent to any of those persons is to be treated as having been given or sent to all of those persons.

(3)

For the purposes of sections 27 and 99 to 102, when disclosure is made by sending the disclosure statement to a person by post, the disclosure is to be treated as having been made on the fourth working day after the day on which the statement is posted.

(4)

For the purposes of sections 27 and 99 to 102, when disclosure is made by sending the disclosure statement to a person by means of an electronic communication, the disclosure is to be treated as having been made on the second working day after the day on which the statement is sent.

(5)

For all other purposes, when disclosure is made by sending the disclosure statement to a person by post or by means of an electronic communication, the disclosure is to be treated as having been made on the day on which the statement is posted or sent.

(6)

Without limiting section 32(4) and (5), sending a disclosure statement by means of an electronic communication may involve sending to the person to whom disclosure is made an electronic communication that allows the disclosure statement to be accessed from a website or by means of the Internet if the person consents to the disclosure being made in this manner.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 20

Subpart 5—Interest charges

36 End of day

(1)

A consumer credit contract may specify when a day ends for any purpose under the contract.

(2)

Different times of the day may be specified as the end of the day for different purposes.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 25(2) (Qld)

37 Creditor to ensure that contract specifies annual interest rate or rates

(1)

This section applies if interest charges are or may be payable under a consumer credit contract.

(2)

Every creditor under a consumer credit contract must ensure that the contract specifies the interest rate or interest rates under the contract in terms of an annual interest rate or annual interest rates under the contract.

(3)

An annual interest rate may be specified by describing how the annual interest rate is determined in accordance with the contract.

38 Early debit or payment of interest charges prohibited

(1)

A creditor must not, at any time before the end of a day to which an interest charge applies, require payment of or debit the interest charge.

(2)

A consumer credit contract may provide for an interest charge to become payable or to be debited at any time after the day to which it applies.

(3)

Subsection (1) does not apply to the following:

(a)

the first payment or debiting of interest charges under a consumer credit contract if the payment or debiting relates to interest charges for a period that is less than the normal period for which interest charges are to be periodically debited to the debtor’s account:

(b)

the debit of an interest charge under a consumer credit contract before the end of the period to which the charge applies if—

(i)

the charge is debited on the last day of the period; and

(ii)

the amount debited is not treated by the creditor as part of the unpaid daily balance for that day for the purpose of calculating interest charges under the contract.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 27 (Qld)

39 Limit on interest charges

(1)

The maximum amount of an interest charge that may be imposed or provided for under a consumer credit contract is,—

(a)

in the case of 1 annual interest rate applying to the unpaid balances under the contract, the amount determined by applying the daily interest rate to the unpaid daily balances; or

(b)

in any other case, the sum of each of the amounts determined by applying each daily interest rate to that part of the unpaid daily balances that it applies to under the contract.

(2)

However, an interest charge under a consumer credit contract for a week, a fortnight, a month, a quarter of a year, or a half of a year may be determined by applying the annual interest rate or rates, divided by 52 (for a week), by 26 (for a fortnight), by 12 (for a month), by 4 (for a quarter of a year), or by 2 (for a half of a year), to the whole or that part of the average unpaid daily balances that it applies to.

(3)

This section does not prevent the imposition, in accordance with the consumer credit contract and section 40, of default interest charges.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 26 (Qld)

40 Default interest charges

(1)

A consumer credit contract must not provide that an annual interest rate applicable under the contract to any part of the unpaid balance will differ according to whether the debtor has breached the contract.

(2)

However, a consumer credit contract may provide for a differential rate if the higher rate is imposed only—

(a)

in the event of a default in payment, in respect of the amount of the default, and while the default continues; or

(b)

in the event of the debtor causing the credit limit under the contract to be exceeded and while the credit limit is exceeded.

(2A)

Subsection (2B) applies if—

(a)

there has been a default in payment under a consumer credit contract; and

(b)

the consumer credit contract provides that an amount payable under the contract becomes payable (or may be called up as becoming payable) earlier than would be the case if there had not been a default; and

(c)

the consumer credit contract is not an on demand facility.

(2B)

The higher rate referred to in subsection (2) may not be imposed on any amount that becomes payable earlier as referred to in subsection (2A).

(2C)

In subsection (2A)(c), an on demand facility means a credit contract under which—

(a)

the total unpaid balance is repayable at any time on demand by the creditor; and

(b)

there is no agreement, arrangement, or understanding between the creditor and the debtor that repayment will only be demanded on the occurrence or non‑occurrence of a particular event.

(3)

This section does not limit Part 5 or any other rule of law that limits the amount of a default interest charge that may be imposed.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 28 (Qld)

Section 40(2)(a): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 28(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 40(2A): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 28(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 40(2B): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 28(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 40(2C): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 28(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 6—Fees

Unreasonable fees

41 Unreasonable credit fee or default fee

A consumer credit contract must not provide for a credit fee or a default fee that is unreasonable.

Section 41: replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 29 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

42 Establishment fees

In determining whether an establishment fee is unreasonable, the court must have regard to—

(a)

whether the amount of the fee is equal to or less than the creditor’s reasonable costs in connection with the application for credit, processing and considering that application, documenting the consumer credit contract, and advancing the credit; or

(b)

whether the amount of the fee is equal to or less than the creditor’s average reasonable costs of the matters referred to in paragraph (a) for the appropriate class of consumer credit contract.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 72(3) (Qld)

43 Prepayment fees

(1)

A prepayment fee payable—

(a)

on a part prepayment is unreasonable if, and only if, the fee exceeds a reasonable estimate of the creditor’s loss arising from the part prepayment:

(b)

on a full prepayment is unreasonable if, and only if, it exceeds a reasonable estimate of the creditor’s loss arising from the full prepayment as calculated in accordance with section 54.

(2)

For the purposes of this section and section 44, a prepayment fee is a fee or charge that relates only to—

(a)

a part prepayment or a full prepayment in respect of a fixed-rate contract; and

(b)

the portion of the unpaid balance for which the interest rate is fixed for an agreed period; and

(c)

the part of the creditor’s loss—

(i)

that arises from the part prepayment or full prepayment; and

(ii)

that is a result of differences in interest rates.

(3)

A creditor may also, in relation to a part prepayment or a full prepayment, impose a credit fee relating to administrative costs (and whether that fee is unreasonable must be determined in accordance with section 44(1)).

(4)

In this section, fixed-rate contract means a credit contract under which an interest rate is fixed for an agreed period for the whole or a part of the unpaid balance.

Section 43: replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 30 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

44 Credit fees other than establishment fees and prepayment fees

(1)

In determining whether a credit fee is unreasonable, the court must have regard to, in relation to the matter giving rise to the fee, whether the fee reasonably compensates the creditor for any cost incurred by the creditor (including the cost of providing a service to the debtor if the fee relates to the provision of a service).

(2)

In determining whether the fee reasonably compensates the creditor for any cost referred to in subsection (1), the court must have regard to reasonable standards of commercial practice.

(3)

Subsection (1) does not apply if the credit fee is—

(a)

an establishment fee (see section 42); or

(b)

a prepayment fee (see section 43).

Section 44: replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 31 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

44A Default fees

(1)

In determining whether a default fee is unreasonable, the court must have regard to, in relation to the matter giving rise to the fee, whether the fee reasonably compensates the creditor for the following:

(a)

any cost incurred by the creditor:

(b)

a reasonable estimate of any loss incurred by the creditor as a result of the debtor’s acts or omissions.

(2)

In determining whether the fee reasonably compensates the creditor for any cost and loss referred to in subsection (1), the court must have regard to reasonable standards of commercial practice.

Section 44A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 31 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

44B Compliance with Code is evidence that fees are not unreasonable

For the purposes of this subpart, evidence of a creditor’s compliance with the provisions of the Responsible Lending Code referred to in section 9F(1)(b)(vii) is to be treated as evidence that a credit fee or a default fee is not unreasonable.

Section 44B: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 31 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Fees or charges passed on by creditor

45 Fees or charges passed on by creditor

(1)

A fee or charge payable by a debtor for an amount payable or to reimburse an amount paid by the creditor to another person, body, or agency must not exceed the actual amount payable by the creditor if that amount is ascertainable when the fee or charge is paid by the debtor.

(2)

The actual amount payable must be determined by taking into account any discount, rebate, or allowance received or receivable by the creditor or any related company.

(3)

If the actual amount paid by the creditor to another person, body, or agency is not ascertainable when the debtor pays an amount to the creditor for the fee or charge and is less than the amount paid by the debtor, the creditor must refund or credit the difference to the debtor.

(4)

Nothing in this section requires a rebate on tax payable by the creditor or a related company to be taken into account in determining the actual amount paid or payable by the creditor.

(5)

Nothing in this section prevents a reasonable commission from being paid, or payable, to a creditor in connection with any credit-related insurance taken out by the debtor.

(6)

However, despite subsection (5), a creditor must not charge a commission if—

(a)

the creditor requires the debtor to obtain the insurance from a particular insurer or particular insurers; or

(b)

the creditor has in place any arrangement that has the effect of requiring the debtor to obtain the insurance from a particular insurer or particular insurers; or

(c)

the insurance is financed under the credit contract and the creditor has, in relation to the credit-related insurance contract, breached section 9C(5) in any respect.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 30 (Qld)

Section 45(5): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 32 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 45(6): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 32 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 7—Payments

46 Crediting of payments

(1)

A creditor must credit each payment made under a consumer credit contract to the debtor’s account as soon as practicable after receipt of the payment.

(2)

In this section, as soon as practicable means the earliest time that, operating under the normal business conditions applying to the creditor, a reasonable creditor would have the payment available for reinvestment (whether or not on similar terms).

(3)

Despite subsection (1), if the consumer credit contract specifies that payments are to be made in accordance with a specified schedule of payments, the creditor may credit a payment that is accepted in accordance with the schedule if the contract expressly permits the creditor to credit those payments in this manner.

(4)

Subsection (3) applies whether or not—

(a)

the specified schedule of payments is subject to adjustment in accordance with the contract to accommodate contingencies (for example, the possibility of changes to the interest rate); and

(b)

the payment is of an amount that is not equal to the amount of the next scheduled payment.

(5)

However, subsection (3) does not apply to a full prepayment.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 24 (Qld)

47 Dating and adjustments of debits and credits in accounts

(1)

A debit or credit made by a creditor to a debtor’s account is taken to have been made, and has effect, on the date assigned to the debit or credit and not on the date on which it is processed.

(2)

A creditor may subsequently adjust debits or credits to a debtor’s account and account balances so as to accurately reflect the legal obligations of the debtor and the creditor.

(3)

Subsections (1) and (2) do not permit a debit or credit to be assigned a date other than the date on which it is processed, or the subsequent adjustment of a debit or credit or account balance, if—

(a)

the assignment or adjustment is inconsistent with the consumer credit contract; or

(b)

the assignment or adjustment results in an interest charge that is more than the maximum amount permitted under this Act, as calculated on the basis of debits and credits to a debtor’s account consistent with the consumer credit contract; or

(c)

the assignment or adjustment results in a breach of section 46; or

(d)

the assignment of the date on which an interest charge is taken to be debited results in a breach of section 38.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 36A (Qld)

48 Recovery of payments

(1)

If a debtor makes any payment to a creditor that, by virtue of this Act, the creditor is not entitled to receive, the creditor must, as soon as practicable,—

(a)

refund the payment to the debtor; or

(b)

credit the payment against any amount otherwise owing by the debtor to the creditor.

(2)

Subsection (1) applies despite any agreement to the contrary.

Section 48(1): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 33 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Prepayments

49 Part prepayments

(1)

A creditor must accept any part prepayment under a consumer credit contract from a debtor unless the contract expressly permits the creditor to decline to accept the part prepayment.

(2)

If the consumer credit contract expressly permits the creditor to decline to accept the part prepayment, the creditor must decide whether or not to accept the part prepayment as soon as practicable after receipt of the payment.

(3)

If the creditor does not accept any part prepayment, the part prepayment must be refunded to the debtor as soon as practicable.

(4)

If the creditor does accept any part prepayment, the part prepayment must be credited in accordance with section 46.

50 Debtor’s right to full prepayment

(1)

A creditor must accept any full prepayment of a consumer credit contract from a debtor at any time.

(2)

The full prepayment must be credited in accordance with section 46(1).

(3)

A consumer credit contract must not prohibit the full prepayment of the contract.

(4)

Nothing in sections 97 to 99 of the Property Law Act 2007 limits this section or section 51.

Section 50(4): amended, on 1 January 2008, by section 364(1) of the Property Law Act 2007 (2007 No 91).

51 Amount required for full prepayment

(1)

The amount required for the full prepayment of the consumer credit contract must be no more than the sum of the following, less the amount or amounts referred to in 1 or more of sections 52, 52A, and 52B (as applicable):

(a)

the unpaid balance at the time of the full prepayment; and

(b)

a credit fee to reasonably compensate the creditor for any administrative cost incurred by the creditor in relation to the full prepayment (being a credit fee that is not unreasonable under section 41); and

(c)

a fee or charge that does not exceed a reasonable estimate of the creditor’s loss arising from the full prepayment, as calculated in accordance with section 54.

(2)

In calculating the unpaid balance, the creditor must only include interest charges and other fees and charges that have accrued or would ordinarily be payable under the consumer credit contract up to the time of the full prepayment.

Section 51(1): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 34 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

52 Rebate of insurance

(1)

In the case of a consumer credit insurance contract that is financed under the consumer credit contract, an amount to be deducted under section 51 is an amount equal to a proportionate rebate of the premium paid under the insurance contract.

(2)

The rebate must be calculated using the procedure prescribed for the purposes of this section by regulations if regulations have prescribed a procedure.

(3)

An amount is to be deducted under subsection (1) only if the creditor has arranged the insurance.

(4)

If an amount is deducted under subsection (1), the creditor may recover the amount from the insurer as a debt due.

(5)

In this section, insurance is arranged by the creditor if 1 or more of the following applies:

(a)

the creditor or a related company of the creditor is the insurer:

(b)

the creditor or a related company of the creditor acts as the agent of the insurer in relation to the insurance:

(c)

the creditor or a related company of the creditor receives a commission in relation to the insurance:

(d)

the creditor requires the debtor to obtain the insurance from a particular insurer or particular insurers.

Section 52(1): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 35(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 52(5)(d): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 35(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

52A Rebate of repayment waiver

(1)

In the case of a repayment waiver, an amount to be deducted under section 51 is an amount equal to a proportionate rebate of the additional consideration paid for that waiver.

(2)

The rebate must be calculated using the procedure (if any) prescribed for the purposes of this section.

Section 52A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 36 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

52B Rebate of extended warranty

(1)

In the case of an extended warranty, an amount to be deducted under section 51 is an amount equal to a proportionate rebate of the additional consideration paid for that warranty.

(2)

The rebate must be calculated using the procedure (if any) prescribed for the purposes of this section.

Section 52B: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 36 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

53 Termination of consumer credit insurance contract

A consumer credit insurance contract financed under a consumer credit contract is terminated on the full prepayment of the consumer credit contract unless the consumer credit insurance contract—

(a)

provides insurance cover in connection with 1 or more other credit contracts; or

(b)

otherwise provides a benefit to, or insurance cover for, the debtor.

54 Creditor’s loss arising from full prepayment

(1)

A creditor must calculate a reasonable estimate of its loss arising from a full prepayment using—

(a)

a procedure prescribed for the purposes of this section by regulations; or

(b)

an appropriate procedure set out in the consumer credit contract for calculating that loss.

(2)

If a creditor uses a procedure prescribed for the purposes of this section by regulations, the amount calculated is to be treated in any court and in any proceedings under this Act as a reasonable estimate of the creditor’s loss.

Subpart 8—Changes on grounds of unforeseen hardship

55 Changes on grounds of unforeseen hardship

(1)

A debtor who is unable reasonably, because of illness, injury, loss of employment, the end of a relationship, or other reasonable cause, to meet the debtor’s obligations under a consumer credit contract and who reasonably expects to be able to discharge the debtor’s obligations if the terms of the contract were changed in a manner set out in section 56 may apply to the creditor to agree to that change.

(1A)

An application under subsection (1) must—

(a)

be in writing; and

(b)

be given to the creditor; and

(c)

specify the reasonable cause (for example, illness, injury, loss of employment, or the end of a relationship) for the debtor’s inability to meet the debtor’s obligations under the consumer credit contract.

(1B)

A debtor who makes an application under this section is not entitled to make another application in relation to the same consumer credit contract unless—

(a)

the application is made not less than 4 months after the previous application is made; or

(b)

in the case of an application that is made less than 4 months after the previous application is made,—

(i)

the creditor agrees to consider the application; or

(ii)

the reasons for the debtor seeking the change under section 56 are materially different from the reasons given in the previous application.

(2)

For the purposes of this section,—

de facto partner, civil union partner, and spouse have the same meanings as in the Property (Relationships) Act 1976

end of a relationship means—

(a)

a situation described in section 25(2)(a) to (d) of the Property (Relationships) Act 1976; or

(b)

the death of the spouse, civil union partner, or de facto partner of the debtor.

Section 55(1A): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 37 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 55(1B): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 37 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 55(2) de facto partner: repealed, on 26 April 2005, by section 7 of the Relationships (Statutory References) Act 2005 (2005 No 3).

Section 55(2) de facto partner, civil union partner, and spouse: inserted, on 26 April 2005, by section 7 of the Relationships (Statutory References) Act 2005 (2005 No 3).

Section 55(2) end of a relationship paragraph (b): amended, on 26 April 2005, by section 7 of the Relationships (Statutory References) Act 2005 (2005 No 3).

Section 55(2) spouse: repealed, on 26 April 2005, by section 7 of the Relationships (Statutory References) Act 2005 (2005 No 3).

56 Changes that can be made

(1)

An application by a debtor under section 55 must seek to change the terms of the consumer credit contract in one of the following ways:

(a)

extending the term of the contract and reducing the amount of each payment due under the contract accordingly (without a consequential change being made to the annual interest rate or annual interest rates):

(b)

postponing, during a specified period, the dates on which payments are due under the contract (without a consequential change being made to the annual interest rate or annual interest rates):

(c)

extending the term of the contract and postponing, during a specified period, the dates on which payments are due under the contract (without a consequential change being made to the annual interest rate or annual interest rates).

(2)

The change that the debtor seeks—

(a)

must not be more extensive than is necessary to enable the debtor to reasonably expect to be able to discharge the debtor’s obligations; and

(b)

must be fair and reasonable to both the debtor and the creditor in all the circumstances.

(3)

A change is not unfair or unreasonable merely because it involves a change to the agreed terms of the consumer credit contract.

57 Application may not be made in certain circumstances

(1)

A debtor may not make an application under section 55 if—

(a)

the debtor is in default of his or her obligation to make payments and, in relation to that default, the debtor—

(i)

has been in default for 2 weeks or more after receiving a repossession warning notice (see section 83G) or a notice under section 119 of the Property Law Act 2007; or

(ii)

has failed to make 4 or more consecutive periodic payments by or on the due dates; or

(iii)

has been in default for 2 months or more; or

(b)
[Repealed]

(c)

it was reasonably foreseeable to the debtor at the time the contract was made that the debtor would be unlikely to be able to meet his or her obligations under the consumer credit contract because of the illness, the injury, the loss of employment, the end of the relationship, or the other reasonable cause.

(2)

However, subsection (1)(a) does not prevent an application being made after the debtor has remedied the default (to the extent that it can be remedied).

Section 57(1)(a): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 38(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 57(1)(b): repealed, on 6 June 2015, by section 38(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 57(2): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 38(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

57A Obligations of creditor in relation to application

(1)

On receipt of an application by a debtor under section 55, the creditor must do the following:

(a)

within 5 working days after receiving the application, acknowledge receipt of the application by giving a written notice to the debtor:

(b)

within 10 working days after receiving the application, request any further information from the debtor (but only if that further information is necessary to decide the application) by giving a written notice to the debtor:

(c)

within 20 working days after receiving the application,—

(i)

in compliance with the lender responsibility principles (see section 9C), decide whether to agree to change the consumer credit contract in accordance with the application; and

(ii)

give written notice to the debtor of that decision; and

(iii)

if the creditor does not agree to change the consumer credit contract in accordance with the application, give written notice to the debtor setting out—

(A)

the creditor’s reasons for that decision; and

(B)

a clear summary of the debtor’s rights under section 58.

(2)

However, if the creditor has requested further information in accordance with subsection (1)(b), the time within which the creditor must comply with subsection (1)(c) is the later of—

(a)

10 working days after receiving the further information; and

(b)

20 working days after making the request under subsection (1)(b).

(3)

A creditor—

(a)

must not charge any credit fee in relation to an application (whatever the outcome of the application) if that fee would not, in the absence of the application, be otherwise payable:

(b)

must, if Part 3A applies, comply with section 83J (which prevents enforcement action until the application is decided).

(4)

However, if the application is successful, nothing in subsection (3)(a) prevents a creditor from charging a credit fee that reasonably compensates the creditor for the costs incurred by the creditor in documenting the changes to the credit contract.

Section 57A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 39 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

58 Changes by court

(1)

A debtor who has made an application under section 55 may apply to the court to change the terms of a consumer credit contract if—

(a)

the creditor fails, within the time specified in section 57A(1)(c) or (2), to notify the debtor of its decision on the application; or

(b)

the creditor does not agree to change the consumer credit contract in accordance with the application.

(2)

The court may, after allowing the applicant, the creditor, and any guarantor a reasonable opportunity to be heard,—

(a)

by order, change the consumer credit contract in a manner set out in section 56; and

(b)

make any other orders it thinks fit.

(3)

The court may, if it thinks it appropriate in the circumstances, stay any enforcement proceedings under the consumer credit contract, and make any other orders it thinks fit, until the application has been determined.

(4)

Subsection (3) does not apply to a Disputes Tribunal established under section 4 of the Disputes Tribunals Act 1988.

Section 58(1): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 40 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

59 Creditor may apply for variation of change

(1)

A creditor under a consumer credit contract that has been changed by an order under section 58 may apply to the court for an order varying or revoking the order.

(2)

A creditor subject to a stay of enforcement proceedings or other order under section 58 may apply to the court for an order varying or revoking the stay or order.

(3)

On an application under this section, the court may vary or revoke the order or stay to which the application relates as it thinks fit.

59A How notices may be given

(1)

Any notice or other document required or authorised by sections 55 to 57A to be given to any person must be in writing and is sufficiently given if—

(a)

it is delivered to that person; or

(b)

it is left at that person’s usual or last known place of residence or business or at an address specified for that purpose in the consumer credit contract; or

(c)

it is posted in a letter addressed to that person by name at that place of residence or business or address; or

(d)

it is sent by way of an electronic communication to the address specified by that person for this purpose.

(2)

If the person is absent from New Zealand, the notice or other document may be given to the person’s agent in New Zealand.

(3)

If the person is deceased, the notice or other document may be given to the person’s personal representatives.

(4)

If the person is not known, or is absent from New Zealand and has no known agent in New Zealand, or is deceased and has no personal representatives, the notice or other document must be given in such a manner as may be directed by an order of the court.

(5)

If the notice or other document is sent to any person—

(a)

by post, it is to be treated as having been received on the fourth working day after the day on which the letter is posted (and in proving the delivery it is sufficient to prove that the letter was properly addressed and posted):

(b)

by electronic communication, it is to be treated as having been received on the second working day after the day on which the notice or document is sent.

(6)

Despite anything in this section, the court may in any case make an order directing the manner in which any notice or other document is to be given, or make an order dispensing with the giving of the notice or document.

Section 59A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 41 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Part 3 Consumer leases, credit-related insurance, and buy-back transactions of land

Subpart 1—Consumer leases

60 Consumer leases

(1)

For the purposes of this Act, a lease is a consumer lease if—

(a)

the lessee is a natural person; and

(b)

the goods are hired, or intended to be hired, wholly or predominantly for personal, domestic, or household purposes; and

(c)

when the lease is entered into, the lessor, or one of the lessors, carries on the business of leasing goods (whether or not the business is the lessor’s only business or the lessor’s principal business), or makes a practice of leasing goods in the course of a business carried on by the lessor; and

(d)

when the lease is entered into, 1 or more of the following applies:

(i)

the term of the lease is for 1 year or more:

(ii)

the lessee has an option to purchase the goods.

(1A)

For the purposes of subsection (1)(b), the predominant purpose for which the goods are hired is, if the goods are intended to be used for different purposes, the purpose for which the goods are intended to be most used.

(1B)

The reference to intention in subsections (1)(b) and (1A) is a reference to the lessee’s intention.

(2)

However, a lease that is to be treated as a consumer credit contract under section 16 is not a consumer lease.

(3)

If, because of any contract or contracts (none of which by itself constitutes a consumer lease) or any arrangement, there is a transaction that is in substance or effect a consumer lease, the contract, contracts, or arrangement must, for the purposes of this Act, be treated as a consumer lease made at the time when the contract, or the last of those contracts, or the arrangement, was made, as the case may be.

(4)

This section is subject to section 62.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 148(1) (Qld)

Section 60(1)(b): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 42(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 60(1A): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 42(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 60(1B): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 42(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

61 Presumption relating to consumer lease

(1)

In any proceedings in which a party claims that a lease is a consumer lease, it is presumed that the lease is a consumer lease unless the contrary is established.

(2)

This section is subject to section 13.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 150(1) (Qld)

62 Declaration concerning consumer lease

(1)

A lease is not a consumer lease if the lessee makes a declaration before entering into the lease that the goods are hired wholly or predominantly for business purposes.

(2)

Subsection (1) does not apply if the lessor, or the person who obtains the declaration, knew, or had reason to believe, at the time the declaration was made that the goods were in fact hired wholly or predominantly for personal, domestic, or household purposes.

(3)

A declaration is effective only if the declaration is in a separate written document and the lessee confirms that he or she has read and understood the declaration.

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 150(2), (3) (Qld)

Section 62(1): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 43 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 62(2): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 43 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Disclosure of consumer lease

63 Application of disclosure provisions

Sections 32 to 35 apply to disclosure under this subpart.

64 Initial disclosure of consumer lease

(1)

Every lessor under a consumer lease must ensure that disclosure of as much of the information set out in Schedule 2 as is applicable to the lease is made to every lessee under the lease before the lease is made.

(2)

Every lessor under a consumer lease must ensure that a copy of all of the terms of the lease not disclosed under subsection (1) (other than terms implied by law) is given or sent to every lessee under the lease—

(a)

before the lease is made; or

(b)

within 5 working days of the day on which the lease is made.

(3)

For the purposes of subsection (2), the copy of the terms of the lease must be given or sent in the same manner that disclosure is made under section 35.

65 Variation disclosure of consumer leases

(1)

Every lessor under a consumer lease must ensure that disclosure of the full particulars of a change to the lease is made to every lessee under the lease if the parties agree to change the lease.

(2)

Disclosure under this section must be made before the change takes effect.

66 Variation disclosure not required
[Repealed]

Section 66: repealed, on 6 June 2015, by section 44 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

67 Request disclosure for consumer leases

(1)

Every lessee under a consumer lease may request in writing that disclosure of any or all of the matters referred to in subsection (2) be made to the lessee by the lessor.

(2)

The matters are as follows:

(a)

the amount, timing, and number of payments to be made under the lease:

(b)

full particulars concerning any changes made to the lease since the lease was made:

(c)

a copy of any disclosure statement that was provided or that should have been provided before the date on which the request is made.

(3)

The lessor must comply with the request for disclosure within 15 working days of the later of—

(a)

the date that the request is received by the lessor; or

(b)

the date on which the lessor receives payment of a reasonable fee for the disclosure as specified by the lessor.

(4)

However, the lessor does not have to comply with the request for disclosure if—

(a)

disclosure of the matter that is requested has been made to the person making the request during the 3 months before the receipt of the request by the lessor; or

(b)

the request is received by the lessor more than 1 year after the lease has come to an end.

Amount payable on termination

68 Amount payable on termination

The amount payable by a lessee on the termination of a consumer lease before the end of its term is the lesser of—

(a)

an amount payable under the lease that does not exceed a reasonable estimate of the lessor’s loss relating to the termination; or

(b)

the amount determined using a procedure prescribed by regulations for the purposes of this section (if any).

Compare: Consumer Credit Code (Appendix to Consumer Credit (Queensland) Act 1994) s 157(2) (Qld)

Subpart 2—Credit-related insurance, repayment waivers, and extended warranties

69 Restrictions on credit-related insurance, repayment waivers, and extended warranties

(1)

A creditor or a lessor must not, in connection with a consumer credit contract or consumer lease, make any unreasonable requirement as to the terms on which the debtor or lessee is to take out or obtain credit-related insurance, a repayment waiver, or an extended warranty.

(2)

A requirement is unreasonable if—

(a)

it is not reasonably necessary for the protection of the legitimate interests of the creditor or lessor; or

(b)

it is not reasonably justifiable in light of the risks undertaken by the parties to the arrangement.

(3)

[Repealed]

Section 69(3): repealed, on 6 June 2015, by section 45 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

70 Disclosure of credit-related insurance, repayment waiver, or extended warranty

(1)

If a consumer credit contract or consumer lease involves credit-related insurance and that insurance was arranged by the creditor under the contract or by the lessor under the lease, the creditor or the lessor must ensure that every insured person is supplied with a copy of the terms of the credit-related insurance (other than terms implied by law) before the credit-related insurance is arranged.

(2)

If a consumer credit contract or consumer lease involves a repayment waiver or an extended warranty, every creditor under the contract or lessor under the lease must ensure that every debtor under the contract or lessee under the lease is supplied with a copy of the terms of the repayment waiver or extended warranty (other than terms implied by law) before the repayment waiver or extended warranty is arranged.

(3)

For the purposes of this section, insurance is arranged by the creditor or lessor if 1 or more of the following applies:

(a)

the creditor or lessor or a related company of the creditor or lessor is the insurer:

(b)

the creditor or lessor or a related company of the creditor or lessor acts as the agent of the insurer in relation to the insurance:

(c)

the creditor or lessor or a related company of the creditor or lessor receives a commission in relation to the insurance:

(d)

the creditor or lessor requires the debtor or lessee to obtain the insurance from a particular insurer or particular insurers.

Section 70(1): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 46(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 70(2): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 46(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 70(3)(d): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 46(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 3—Buy-back transactions of land

71 Application of disclosure provisions

Sections 32 to 35 apply to disclosure under this subpart.

72 Initial disclosure of buy-back transaction

(1)

Every transferee under a buy-back transaction must ensure that disclosure of as much of the information set out in Schedule 3 as is applicable to the transaction is made to every occupier under the transaction before the occupier enters into any contract or arrangement that forms part of the buy-back transaction.

(2)

Every transferee under a buy-back transaction must ensure that a copy of all of the terms of the buy-back transaction not disclosed under subsection (1) (other than terms implied by law) is given or sent to every occupier under the transaction before the occupier enters into any contract or arrangement that forms part of the buy-back transaction.

(3)

For the purposes of subsection (2), the copy of the transaction terms must be given or sent in the same manner that disclosure is made under section 35.

73 Independent legal advice must be given to occupier

(1)

Every transferee under a buy-back transaction must ensure that every occupier under the transaction has received independent legal advice concerning the transaction from a lawyer before entering into any contract or arrangement that forms part of the buy-back transaction.

(2)

The signature of each occupier on any contract or other document that forms part of the buy-back transaction must be witnessed by a lawyer.

(3)

The lawyer who witnesses the signature of an occupier must certify that, before that occupier signed the contract or document, the lawyer explained to the occupier the effect and implications of the contract or document.

(4)

The certificate must be in the form prescribed by regulations (if any).

(5)

For the purposes of this section, independent legal advice means legal advice provided by a lawyer who has no relationship with, or interest in, the transferee or any buy-back promoter.

74 Buy-back transactions involving buy-back promoter

(1)

This section applies if—

(a)

a buy-back promoter introduced the transferee and the occupier to each other; and

(b)

none of the following applies:

(i)

the transferee carries on the business of providing credit (whether or not the business is the transferee’s only business or the transferee’s principal business):

(ii)

the transferee carries on the business of entering into buy-back transactions (whether or not the business is the transferee’s only business or the transferee’s principal business):

(iii)

the transferee makes a practice of providing credit in the course of a business carried on by the transferee:

(iv)

the transferee makes a practice of entering into buy-back transactions in the course of a business carried on by the transferee.

(2)

If this section applies,—

(a)

the obligations of the transferee under sections 72 and 73 are to be treated as being imposed on the buy-back promoter (instead of on the transferee); and

(b)

the references in sections 72 and 73 to the transferee are to be read as references to the buy-back promoter.

(3)

The buy-back promoter must ensure that every transferee under the buy-back transaction has received independent legal advice concerning the transaction from a lawyer before entering into any contract or arrangement that forms part of the buy-back transaction.

(4)

For the purposes of this section, independent legal advice means legal advice provided by a lawyer who has no relationship with, or interest in, the buy-back promoter.

75 Land cannot be dealt with without leave of court if initial disclosure not made or no independent legal advice given

(1)

This section applies if the transferee knows, or has reason to believe, that any provision of section 72 or section 73 has not been complied with by any person in connection with the buy-back transaction.

(2)

The transferee must not transfer the estate in the land to a person other than the occupier or otherwise deal with the land without obtaining the leave of the High Court.

(3)

The High Court may grant leave only if it is satisfied that the non-compliance has not materially prejudiced the interests of the occupier.

(4)

The High Court may grant leave subject to any terms and conditions that the court thinks fit.

(5)

Subsection (2) does not affect the rights under sections 62 to 64, 75, 182, and 183 of the Land Transfer Act 1952 of a person who derives an estate or interest in the land from the transferee.

76 Interest of occupier is caveatable interest

(1)

The occupier under a buy-back transaction is to be treated as being entitled to, or to be beneficially interested in, the land for the purposes of section 137(1)(a) of the Land Transfer Act 1952.

(2)

A term of a buy-back transaction is entirely of no effect if it—

(a)

prohibits the occupier from lodging with the Registrar (within the meaning of the Land Transfer Act 1952) a caveat against dealings in the land; or

(b)

otherwise restricts the ability of the occupier to lodge with the Registrar a caveat against dealings in the land.

77 Variation disclosure of buy-back transactions

(1)

Every transferee under a buy-back transaction must ensure that disclosure of the full particulars of a change to the transaction is made to every occupier under the transaction if the parties agree to change the transaction.

(2)

Disclosure under this section must be made before the change takes effect.

78 Variation disclosure not required
[Repealed]

Section 78: repealed, on 6 June 2015, by section 47 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

79 Request disclosure for buy-back transactions

(1)

Every occupier under a buy-back transaction may request in writing that disclosure of any or all of the matters referred to in subsection (2) be made to the occupier by the transferee.

(2)

The matters are as follows:

(a)

the amount, timing, and number of payments to be made under the transaction:

(b)

full particulars concerning any changes made to the transaction since the transaction was made:

(c)

a copy of any disclosure statement that was provided or that should have been provided before the date on which the request is made.

(3)

The transferee must comply with the request for disclosure within 15 working days of the later of—

(a)

the date that the request is received by the transferee; or

(b)

the date on which the transferee receives payment of a reasonable fee for the disclosure as specified by the transferee.

(4)

However, the transferee does not have to comply with the request for disclosure if—

(a)

disclosure of the matter that is requested has been made to the person making the request during the 3 months before the receipt of the request by the transferee; or

(b)

the request is received by the transferee more than 1 year after the transaction has come to an end.

(5)

See section 9J(4) (which allows any person to request a copy of the standard form contract terms used by a transferee).

Section 79(5): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 48 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

80 Unreasonable buy-back fees or buy-back default fees

(1)

A buy-back transaction must not provide for a buy-back fee or a buy-back default fee that is unreasonable.

(2)

[Repealed]

(3)

[Repealed]

(4)

[Repealed]

Section 80(2): repealed, on 6 June 2015, by section 49 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 80(3): repealed, on 6 June 2015, by section 49 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 80(4): repealed, on 6 June 2015, by section 49 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

81 Fees or charges passed on by transferee

(1)

A fee or charge payable by an occupier for an amount payable or to reimburse an amount paid by the transferee to another person, body, or agency must not exceed the actual amount payable by the transferee if that amount is ascertainable when the fee or charge is paid by the occupier.

(2)

The actual amount payable must be determined by taking into account any discount, rebate, or allowance received or receivable by the transferee or any related company.

(3)

If the actual amount paid by the transferee to another person, body, or agency is not ascertainable when the occupier pays an amount to the transferee for the fee or charge and is less than the amount paid by the occupier, the transferee must refund or credit the difference to the occupier.

(4)

Nothing in this section requires a rebate on tax payable by the transferee or a related company to be taken into account in determining the actual amount paid or payable by the transferee.

(5)

For the avoidance of doubt, nothing in this section prevents a reasonable commission from being payable or paid to a transferee in connection with any insurance taken out by the occupier.

82 Unreasonable fees payable to buy-back promoter or associated person

(1)

A buy-back promoter and an associated person of the buy-back promoter must not require the payment of an unreasonable fee in connection with a buy-back transaction.

(2)

[Repealed]

(3)

[Repealed]

(4)

[Repealed]

Section 82(2): repealed, on 6 June 2015, by section 50 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 82(3): repealed, on 6 June 2015, by section 50 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 82(4): repealed, on 6 June 2015, by section 50 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83 No limit on Part 2

Nothing in this subpart limits any provision in Part 2.

Part 3A Repossession of consumer goods under credit contract

Part 3A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 1—Preliminary provisions

Subpart 1: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83A Outline of Part

This Part sets out—

(a)

the rules that apply—

(i)

before a creditor or creditor’s agent may repossess consumer goods (which includes repossessing keys or other access devices in relation to consumer goods); and

(ii)

at the time of repossession; and

(iii)

following the repossession; and

(b)

the rights and responsibilities of debtors and creditors in relation to consumer goods that have been, or are liable to be, repossessed; and

(c)

a prohibition against security interests over certain consumer goods.

Section 83A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83B References to credit contracts include security agreements

(1)

This section applies, unless the context otherwise requires, for the purposes of—

(a)

this Part; and

(b)

Part 1A (to the extent that it relates to credit contracts to which this Part applies); and

(c)

any other provision of this Act that relates to—

(i)

the enforcement, application, or effect of this Part (for example, the definition of repossession in section 5); or

(ii)

the enforcement, application, or effect of Part 1A (to the extent referred to in paragraph (b)).

(2)

If a security interest in consumer goods is or may be taken in connection with a credit contract,—

(a)

the contract or arrangement that creates or provides for the security interest is to be treated as forming part of the credit contract; and

(b)

references to a creditor must be treated as including the secured party within the meaning of section 16 of the Personal Property Securities Act 1999; and

(c)

references to a debtor must be treated as including the debtor within the meaning of section 16 of the Personal Property Securities Act 1999.

(3)

Subsection (2) applies even if a party to the contract or arrangement referred to in subsection (2)(a) is not a party to the credit contract (for example, a guarantor who has given a security interest over consumer goods to secure the guarantor’s obligations under a guarantee that was given in respect of the credit contract).

(4)

This Part applies whether or not a financing statement has been registered under the Personal Property Securities Act 1999 in respect of the security interest.

Section 83B: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83C Application of Part

(1)

This Part applies where a credit contract provides that a creditor has a right to do 1 or more of the following:

(a)

repossess consumer goods over which there is a security interest:

(b)

enter premises, or enter premises when an occupier is not present, for—

(i)

the purpose of repossessing consumer goods over which there is a security interest; or

(ii)

any other purpose in connection with consumer goods over which there is a security interest.

(2)

If a credit contract creates or provides for a security interest in both consumer goods and other goods, this Part applies only in relation to the consumer goods.

(3)

Subsection (1) does not limit subparts 3 and 6.

Compare: 1997 No 85 ss 5, 6

Section 83C: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83D Part does not create right to repossess, etc

(1)

This Part does not confer a right to repossess consumer goods, or a right to enter premises, or a right to enter premises when an occupier is not present.

(2)

This Part is to be read subject to this section.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 6(2), (3)

Section 83D: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 2—Rules that apply before repossession

Subpart 2: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83E Circumstances in which creditor can repossess consumer goods

(1)

Neither a creditor nor a creditor’s agent may repossess consumer goods, unless—

(a)

either—

(i)

the debtor is in default under the credit contract; or

(ii)

the goods are at risk; and

(b)

the creditor has, before repossessing the goods, fully complied with requirements imposed on the creditor under this Part that must be complied with before the goods are repossessed; and

(c)

the creditor complies, in relation to the repossession, with the lender responsibility principles set out in Part 1A that are relevant to the repossession.

(2)

In this Part, consumer goods are at risk if the creditor believes, on reasonable grounds, that those goods have been, or will be, destroyed, damaged, endangered, disassembled, removed, concealed, sold, or otherwise disposed of contrary to the provisions of the relevant credit contract.

(3)

However, consumer goods are not at risk merely because another creditor has, in relation to those consumer goods, given the debtor a repossession warning notice.

(4)

In any case where it is necessary to decide whether the goods were, or are, at risk, the creditor has the onus of proving that the grounds relied on were, or are, reasonable.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 7

Section 83E: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83F Duty to ensure goods are specifically identified

(1)

A creditor must, before exercising a right referred to in section 83C in relation to consumer goods, ensure that—

(a)

the goods are specifically identified in the credit contract (whether or not the goods are subject to a purchase money security interest); or

(b)

if the goods were acquired by the debtor after the credit contract has been entered into,—

(i)

the following requirements are satisfied:

(A)

the parties to the contract have agreed to change the contract to specifically identify the goods in the credit contract; and

(B)

in the case of a consumer credit contract, there has been disclosure of the full particulars of that change as required by section 22; or

(ii)

the debtor has acquired the goods as a replacement for the goods that were specifically identified in that credit contract.

(2)

For the purposes of determining whether consumer goods are specifically identified,—

(a)

the goods are specifically identified if the credit contract contains an adequate description of the goods by item that enables the goods to be identified; and

(b)

it is insufficient to merely describe the goods by kind.

Compare: 1999 No 126 s 36(1)(b)(i)

Section 83F: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83G Creditor must serve repossession warning notice on debtor and other persons before taking possession of consumer goods

(1)

Every creditor intending to repossess consumer goods must, before repossessing those goods, serve a notice (a repossession warning notice) on—

(a)

the debtor; and

(b)

every guarantor of the debtor in respect of the relevant credit contract; and

(c)

if section 83I(1) applies, each of the persons referred to in section 129(1) of the Personal Property Securities Act 1999; and

(d)

every person who—

(i)

is known by the creditor to have a security interest in the consumer goods; or

(ii)

has registered a financing statement in the name of the debtor that refers to the consumer goods; or

(iii)

has registered a financing statement containing the serial number of the consumer goods as required or authorised by regulations made under the Personal Property Securities Act 1999.

(2)

However, subsection (1) does not apply if the goods are at risk (see section 83E(2)).

(3)

The repossession warning notice must—

(a)

be in writing; and

(b)

contain as much of the key information set out in Schedule 3A as is applicable to the credit contract; and

(c)

include any additional prescribed information; and

(d)

be in the prescribed form (if any); and

(e)

be served on the debtor at least 15 days before repossession occurs; and

(f)

if the default is capable of being remedied, give the debtor at least 15 days before repossession occurs to remedy the default.

(4)

A repossession warning notice expires 60 days after it has been served on the debtor and, after that time,—

(a)

the notice is of no effect; and

(b)

the creditor has no right to repossess the goods in reliance upon that notice.

(5)

Any period during which the creditor is prevented from taking or continuing any enforcement action under section 83J must be excluded when determining whether a repossession warning notice has expired under subsection (4).

(6)

Nothing in subsection (4) prevents a creditor from serving a further repossession warning notice that complies with this section.

Compare: 1997 No 85 ss 8, 9

Section 83G: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83H Debtor may voluntarily deliver consumer goods

(1)

A debtor may, following receipt of a repossession warning notice, voluntarily deliver the consumer goods identified in that notice to the creditor at the place specified in that notice under paragraph (h)(ii) of Schedule 3A.

(2)

Subsection (1) is subject to section 83I(2).

(3)

If consumer goods are voluntarily delivered in accordance with subsection (1), subpart 5 applies with all necessary modifications as if the voluntary delivery were a repossession under subpart 4.

Section 83H: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83I Rules relating to accessions (goods that are installed in, or affixed to, other goods)

(1)

Every creditor intending to repossess an accession that is a consumer good (as provided for under section 109 of the Personal Property Securities Act 1999) must, in addition to complying with this Part, comply with sections 125 to 131 of that Act.

(2)

Despite section 83H, a debtor may not voluntarily deliver consumer goods that are, or include, accessions.

(3)

In this section, accessions has the meaning given to it in section 16 of the Personal Property Securities Act 1999.

Section 83I: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83J Effect of debtor’s complaint or application on grounds of unforeseen hardship on creditor’s rights to enforce credit contract

(1)

Neither a creditor nor a creditor’s agent may take any enforcement action in relation to consumer goods (whether under this Part or in accordance with a credit contract) if the debtor has made—

(a)

a written complaint to the creditor in relation to any enforcement action and that complaint has not been resolved; or

(b)

an application to the creditor under section 55 and that application has not been decided.

(2)

If the creditor or creditor’s agent has already commenced any enforcement action before a written complaint in relation to that enforcement action or any other enforcement action is made, or an application under section 55 is made, to the creditor, no further action may be taken to continue or complete that enforcement action until the complaint has been resolved or the application has been decided.

(3)

However, despite subsections (1) and (2), if the relevant consumer goods are at risk (see section 83E(2)), the creditor may repossess the goods but must not take any further enforcement action.

(4)

If the creditor and debtor have not reached agreement and settled the complaint referred to in subsection (1)(a) or (2), the creditor may provide the debtor with a written notice that—

(a)

specifies the creditor’s position on the complaint; and

(b)

states that the notice has been provided for the purposes of this subsection; and

(c)

states that the debtor may refer the complaint to the creditor’s dispute resolution scheme; and

(d)

contains the name and contact details of that scheme; and

(e)

states that the complaint will be treated as resolved for the purposes of this section if the debtor does not refer the complaint to that scheme within 14 days of the notice being provided (and, accordingly, the creditor may take or continue enforcement action in relation to the consumer goods).

(5)

For the purposes of this section, a complaint is resolved when—

(a)

the creditor and debtor have reached agreement and settled the complaint; or

(b)

the complaint has been—

(i)

referred to the dispute resolution scheme of which the creditor is a member; and

(ii)

resolved or otherwise determined in accordance with the scheme’s rules (including where the scheme ceases considering the complaint for any reason); or

(c)

if the creditor has provided the debtor with the written notice referred to in subsection (4),—

(i)

14 days have elapsed since the debtor was provided with the notice; and

(ii)

the debtor has not, within that period, referred the complaint to the dispute resolution scheme.

(6)

In this Part, enforcement action means any of the following:

(a)

giving a repossession warning notice:

(b)

repossessing, or entering premises for the purpose of repossessing, consumer goods over which there is a security interest:

(c)

selling, offering for sale, or disposing of the consumer goods that have been repossessed:

(d)

any action to recover any amount owing by the debtor to the creditor under the credit contract after the consumer goods are sold under subpart 5 (see sections 83ZI(1)(d) and 83ZM).

(7)

In this section, an application under section 55 is decided when the creditor gives written notice of the creditor’s decision under section 57A(1)(c)(ii).

(8)

To avoid doubt, the creditor or the creditor’s agent may, subject to this Part, to any court order, and to any terms on which the complaint was resolved, take, or continue, the enforcement action referred to in subsection (1) or (2) from the time that the complaint has been resolved or (in the case of an unsuccessful application under section 55) the application has been decided.

Section 83J: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83K Subsequent complaints

(1)

This section applies if—

(a)

the debtor makes a written complaint to the creditor in relation to an enforcement action (the original complaint); and

(b)

the debtor subsequently makes another written complaint to the creditor in relation to an enforcement action (the subsequent complaint).

(2)

The subsequent complaint does not, under section 83J, prevent the creditor or a creditor’s agent from taking or continuing enforcement action in relation to consumer goods unless—

(a)

the subsequent complaint is made not less than 4 months after the original complaint is made; or

(b)

in the case of a subsequent complaint that is made less than 4 months after the original complaint is made,—

(i)

the creditor agrees to consider the complaint; or

(ii)

the basis or grounds of the subsequent complaint are materially different from the basis or grounds of the original complaint.

Section 83K: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 3—Disabling devices

Subpart 3: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83L Use of disabling device

(1)

This section applies where a credit contract provides that the creditor—

(a)

has a security interest over consumer goods to which a disabling device is connected; and

(b)

has a right to activate the disabling device.

(2)

Neither a creditor nor a creditor’s agent may activate a disabling device unless—

(a)

there has been a breach of the credit contract by the debtor that is sufficient, according to the terms of the contract, to give rise to the creditor’s right to activate the disabling device; and

(b)

the creditor or the creditor’s agent has given the debtor reasonable notice, in advance of the activation,—

(i)

that the disabling device is to be activated; and

(ii)

about what action the debtor may take to prevent the disabling device being activated.

(3)

In this section and section 83M,—

activated, in relation to a disabling device, means that the disabling function of the device has been switched on, with the result that—

(a)

the debtor is prevented from using the consumer goods; or

(b)

the debtor’s use of the consumer goods is limited; or

(c)

the creditor is able to locate the consumer goods; or

(d)

the creditor is able to achieve any other similar outcome that is of a direct or indirect benefit to the creditor in relation to the relevant credit contract

disabling device means a device that is attached to consumer goods, the functions of which, when activated, include 1 or more of the following:

(a)

preventing the consumer goods from being used:

(b)

limiting the debtor’s use of the consumer goods:

(c)

enabling the creditor to locate the consumer goods:

(d)

achieving any other similar outcome that is of direct or indirect benefit to the creditor in relation to the relevant credit contract.

Section 83L: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83M Connection or use of disabling device in connection with certain goods prohibited

(1)

A credit contract may not provide for the connection of a disabling device to, or the use of a disabling device in connection with, a consumer good described in section 83ZN(1)(a) or prescribed for the purposes of section 83ZN(1)(c).

(2)

A provision of a credit contract that contravenes subsection (1) is of no effect to the extent of the contravention.

(3)

Every creditor under a credit contract must ensure that the contract does not contravene this section.

Section 83M: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 4—Rules that apply at time of repossession

Subpart 4: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83N Creditor must allow debtor time to remedy default or at least 15 days to elapse

(1)

Neither a creditor nor a creditor’s agent may repossess consumer goods in respect of which a repossession warning notice has been served unless—

(a)

the period for remedying the default specified in the notice has expired and the debtor has failed to remedy the default complained of in so far as it is capable of being remedied; or

(b)

in a case where the default is not capable of being remedied, at least 15 days have elapsed since the notice was served on the debtor.

(2)

Neither a creditor nor a creditor’s agent may hold keys or other devices that enable access to the consumer goods unless—

(a)

the debtor has, after a repossession warning notice has been served, voluntarily made the keys or other device available to the creditor or agent; or

(b)

the relevant consumer goods have been repossessed in accordance with this Act.

(3)

Subsection (2) does not prevent a creditor’s agent from holding the agent’s tools of the trade that are customarily used by repossession agents or repossession employees.

(4)

However, subsection (1) does not apply if the goods are at risk (see section 83E(2)).

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 10

Section 83N: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83O Documents to be produced on entry

(1)

Every creditor or creditor’s agent who exercises a right of entry of premises for the purpose of repossessing consumer goods must, on first entering the premises if anyone is present, and, if requested, at any subsequent time, produce the following documents:

(a)

a copy of the repossession warning notice (unless one was not required under section 83G(2)); and

(b)

a copy of the credit contract; and

(c)

a copy of the creditor’s or creditor’s agent’s licence or certificate of approval under the Private Security Personnel and Private Investigators Act 2010, as the case may be; and

(d)

in the case of a creditor’s agent, evidence reasonably capable of establishing the person’s authority to repossess the consumer goods on behalf of the creditor; and

(e)

if a repossession warning notice was not required under section 83G(2), a document setting out the debtor’s name, the address from which the goods will be repossessed, the creditor’s contact details, and the reason why the goods are being repossessed; and

(f)

a written statement that specifies that the premises have been entered and the date of entry, and an inventory of consumer goods to be taken; and

(g)

a written statement setting out the debtor’s rights under this Part following the repossession of goods and the debtor’s right to make a complaint about the creditor’s or creditor’s agent’s conduct; and

(h)

in the case of an entry outside the hours specified in section 83S or on a Sunday or a public holiday, the debtor’s written consent to the exercise of the right of entry.

(2)

If a document has been produced to a debtor under subsection (1) (whether on first entering the premises or at a subsequent time), the debtor is not entitled to make a subsequent request under subsection (1) for the same document to be produced again.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 17

Section 83O: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83P Entry if occupier not present

(1)

This section applies if a creditor or creditor’s agent enters premises for the purpose of repossessing consumer goods, or for any other purpose in connection with consumer goods, when the occupier of the premises is not present (subject to subsection (3)).

(2)

The creditor or creditor’s agent must, before leaving the premises, leave a notice in writing in a prominent place—

(a)

specifying that the premises have been entered and the date of entry; and

(b)

containing an inventory of any consumer goods that have been repossessed; and

(c)

accompanied by a copy of the documents referred to in section 83O(1) (other than paragraph (f)).

(3)

Subsection (2)(b) and (c) applies only if the creditor or creditor’s agent enters the premises for the purpose of repossessing consumer goods.

(4)

The creditor or creditor’s agent must take the steps that are reasonably practicable to ensure that the premises are not left obviously open.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 18

Section 83P: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83Q Creditor must exercise right to enter premises in accordance with lender responsibility principles

(1)

A creditor must, in exercising the right to enter premises, act in accordance with the lender responsibility principles (see section 9C).

(2)

This section applies whether the right to enter premises is exercised—

(a)

for the purpose of repossessing consumer goods; or

(b)

for any other purpose in connection with consumer goods.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 14

Section 83Q: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83R Creditor must not enter premises if complaint not resolved or unforeseen hardship application not decided

Nothing in this subpart limits section 83J (which provides that neither a creditor nor a creditor’s agent may exercise a right to repossess consumer goods or enter premises if the debtor has made a written complaint to the creditor in relation to any enforcement action and that complaint has not been resolved or an application has been made to the creditor under section 55 and that application has not been decided).

Section 83R: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83S Creditor must not enter residential premises at certain times

(1)

Neither a creditor nor a creditor’s agent may exercise a right to enter residential premises other than between the hours of 6 am and 9 pm.

(2)

A creditor or a creditor’s agent who has exercised a right to enter residential premises between the hours of 6 am and 9 pm must not remain at those premises after 9 pm.

(3)

A creditor or a creditor’s agent must not exercise a right to enter residential premises—

(a)

at any time on a Sunday; or

(b)

at any time on a public holiday.

(4)

However, subsection (1), (2), or (3) (as the case may be) does not apply if the debtor has consented, in writing, to permit the creditor or creditor’s agent to enter the premises outside the period between the hours of 6 am and 9 pm or at any time on a Sunday or a public holiday, provided that the consent is not sought or given—

(a)

before the debtor is in default under the credit contract; or

(b)

when the creditor or the creditor’s agent is at the premises to repossess the consumer goods; or

(c)

outside the period between the hours of 6 am and 9 pm; or

(d)

at any time on a Sunday; or

(e)

at any time on a public holiday.

(5)

This section applies whether the right to enter premises is exercised—

(a)

for the purpose of repossessing consumer goods; or

(b)

for any other purpose in connection with consumer goods.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 15

Section 83S: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83T Restrictions applying in relation to persons repossessing consumer goods

(1)

No creditor who is required to be registered under Part 2 of the Financial Service Providers (Registration and Dispute Resolution) Act 2008 may exercise any rights in relation to repossessing consumer goods (including entering residential premises) unless that creditor is registered.

(2)

No creditor may authorise, allow, or permit a repossession agent or repossession employee to repossess consumer goods (including by entering residential premises) unless that person is licensed or holds a certificate of approval.

(3)

No repossession agent or repossession employee may exercise any rights in relation to repossessing consumer goods (including entering residential premises) unless that person is—

(a)

specifically authorised to do so by the creditor; and

(b)

licensed or holds a certificate of approval.

(4)

If a creditor is not licensed and does not hold a certificate of approval, the creditor may not personally enter residential premises for the purpose of repossessing consumer goods (and any such repossession must be carried out through a repossession agent or repossession employee who meets the requirements of subsection (3)(a) and (b)).

(5)

In this section,—

certificate of approval means a certificate issued under section 54 of the Private Security Personnel and Private Investigators Act 2010

licensed means licensed in accordance with Part 2 of the Private Security Personnel and Private Investigators Act 2010

registered means registered in accordance with Part 2 of the Financial Service Providers (Registration and Dispute Resolution) Act 2008

repossession agent has the same meaning as in section 8A of the Private Security Personnel and Private Investigators Act 2010

repossession employee has the same meaning as in section 16A of the Private Security Personnel and Private Investigators Act 2010 (but does not include the creditor).

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 16

Section 83T: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 5—Rules that apply after repossession of consumer goods

Subpart 5: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83U Interpretation

In this subpart, unless the context otherwise requires, auction means a process in which goods are offered for sale by auction or by any other bidding process in which the most recent bid made for the goods is disclosed to other participants and potential participants.

Section 83U: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83V Notice to be given to debtor, guarantor, and other creditors after repossession of consumer goods

(1)

A creditor must serve a post-repossession notice on the debtor and every other person referred to in section 83G(1) within 14 days of the repossession.

(2)

The post-repossession notice must—

(a)

be in writing; and

(b)

contain as much of the key information set out in Schedule 3B as is applicable to the relevant credit contract; and

(c)

include any additional prescribed information; and

(d)

be in the prescribed form (if any).

(3)

If a post-repossession notice is not served as required by this subpart,—

(a)

the costs of repossessing the consumer goods must be borne by the creditor; and

(b)

the creditor is not entitled to recover those costs from the debtor or the guarantor.

Compare: 1997 No 85 ss 20, 21, 22

Section 83V: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83W Creditor must not sell consumer goods until 15 days after post-repossession notice

(1)

If a creditor has repossessed any consumer goods, the creditor must not sell, offer for sale, or dispose of the consumer goods until after the expiry of 15 days from the date of service of the post-repossession notice on the debtor.

(2)

However, subsection (1) does not apply if—

(a)

the sale, offer, or disposal was with the written consent of the debtor, and that consent was given after the consumer goods had been repossessed; or

(b)

after the consumer goods are repossessed, the debtor or the debtor’s agent gives the creditor a written notice that requires the creditor to offer the goods for sale within the 15 days referred to in subsection (1); or

(c)

the disposal was temporary and for the purposes of storage or repair of the goods.

(3)

If subsection (2)(b) applies, the creditor must offer the goods for sale as soon as is reasonably practicable after being required to do so by the debtor.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 23

Section 83W: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83X Consequences of selling within 15 days of post-repossession notice

(1)

This section applies if the creditor contravenes section 83W(1).

(2)

The liability of the debtor under the credit contract is limited to—

(a)

the advance under the credit contract; and

(b)

if the credit contract secures the performance of some obligation other than the payment of money, the performance of that obligation.

(3)

The creditor must repay any money already paid to the creditor by any person on account of, or in satisfaction of, any liability of the debtor in respect of the credit contract not referred to in subsection (2).

(4)

Except as provided for in subsection (2), the debtor’s liability to the creditor under the credit contract is extinguished.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 24

Section 83X: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83Y Creditor must offer consumer goods for sale

(1)

The creditor must offer the consumer goods for sale as soon as is reasonably practicable after the expiration of 15 days from the date of service of the post-repossession notice on the debtor.

(2)

This section does not apply if—

(a)

the debtor has made a written complaint in relation to any enforcement action (in which case section 83J applies); or

(b)

the debtor reinstates the credit contract under section 83ZB; or

(c)

the debtor introduces a buyer under section 83ZD and the buyer completes the purchase of the consumer goods; or

(d)

the debtor settles the credit contract under section 83ZE.

(3)

Despite subsection (2)(a),—

(a)

after the complaint referred to in that paragraph has been resolved (as referred to in section 83J(5)), the creditor is subject to the duty in subsection (1); but

(b)

any period during which the creditor is prevented from taking or continuing any enforcement action under section 83J must be excluded when determining the number of days from the date of service of the post-repossession notice on the debtor.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 25

Section 83Y: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83Z Rules relating to sale by creditor

(1)

When selling repossessed consumer goods (which may be by any method that meets the requirements of this subsection), the creditor must—

(a)

ensure that every aspect of the sale, including the manner, time, place, and terms, is commercially reasonable; and

(b)

take reasonable care to obtain the best price reasonably obtainable for the goods as at the time of sale.

(2)

The creditor must give the debtor and every other person referred to in section 83G(1) reasonable notice of the proposed sale (including the method of sale and the time, the place, and any reserve price placed on the goods, as applicable to the method of sale).

(3)

If the sale is by auction or tender, the creditor, the debtor, and every other person referred to in section 83G(1) are each entitled to bid or to submit tenders, as the case may be, and if the creditor is the successful bidder or tenderer, the consumer goods, for the purposes of this subpart, are deemed to have been sold for the amount of the creditor’s bid or tender.

(4)

The onus of proving that the consumer goods have been sold in accordance with this section is on the creditor.

(5)

Subsection (1) does not apply if—

(a)

the debtor introduces a buyer under section 83ZD and the buyer completes the purchase of the consumer goods; or

(b)

the debtor forces a sale under section 83ZF.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 26

Section 83Z: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZA Debtor may obtain valuation of consumer goods before sale

(1)

The debtor is entitled to obtain, at the debtor’s expense, 1 valuation of the consumer goods as at the time of repossession.

(2)

The rules relating to valuations are as follows:

(a)

the valuation may take place at any time after the creditor repossesses the consumer goods, but before the creditor sells or agrees to sell the consumer goods in accordance with this subpart:

(b)

the debtor must request access to the consumer goods by giving reasonable notice to the creditor:

(c)

the creditor must permit the debtor’s valuer such access to the consumer goods as is reasonably necessary to enable the valuation of the consumer goods to take place:

(d)

the debtor’s valuer must carry out the valuation at a reasonable time:

(e)

the debtor’s valuer has no right to remove the consumer goods unless the creditor gives consent to the removal:

(f)

the debtor may accompany his or her valuer when the valuation takes place.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 27

Section 83ZA: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZB Debtor’s right to reinstate credit contract

(1)

The debtor may, at any time after the creditor has repossessed the consumer goods and at any time before the creditor sells or agrees to sell the consumer goods in accordance with this subpart, reinstate the credit contract by—

(a)

paying to the creditor the amount required to reinstate the contract; or

(b)

if the contract secures the performance of an obligation other than the payment of money, performing any accrued obligations.

(2)

In this section,—

accrued obligations means any obligations that have fallen due for performance under the credit contract and that have not been performed

amount required to reinstate the contract means the aggregate of—

(a)

any amounts that have fallen due for payment under the credit contract and that have not been paid, including, without limitation, interest charges, credit fees, and default fees, but excluding, if the contract provides that, in the event of a default, any part of the unpaid balance becomes payable (or may be called up as becoming payable) earlier than would be the case if there had not been a default, that part of the unpaid balance that would not have fallen due but for that provision; and

(b)

the reasonable costs of the creditor of, and incidental to, repossessing, holding, storing, repairing, maintaining, valuing, and preparing for the sale of the consumer goods and of returning them to the order of the debtor; and

(c)

the costs reasonably and actually incurred by the creditor in doing anything necessary to remedy any default by the debtor.

(3)

The costs referred to in paragraphs (b) and (c) of the definition of amount required to reinstate the contract are subject to subpart 6 of Part 2 (which applies with all necessary modifications as if any cost that is imposed is a credit fee or a fee or charge to which section 45 applies (as the case may be)).

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 28

Section 83ZB: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZC Consequences of reinstating credit contract

If the right to reinstate the credit contract is exercised under section 83ZB,—

(a)

upon receipt of the amount required to reinstate the contract (see section 83ZB(2)), or confirmation of the performance of the accrued obligations, the creditor must immediately return the consumer goods to the debtor; and

(b)

the debtor is deemed to receive and hold the returned consumer goods under the terms of the credit contract as if the default had not occurred and the creditor had not repossessed the consumer goods.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 29

Section 83ZC: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZD Debtor’s right to introduce buyer

(1)

The debtor may, at any time after the creditor has repossessed the consumer goods and at any time before the creditor sells or agrees to sell the consumer goods in accordance with this subpart, require the creditor to sell the consumer goods to any person, introduced by the debtor, who or that is prepared to purchase the consumer goods for cash at a price not less than the estimated value of the consumer goods set out in the post-repossession notice served on the debtor.

(2)

This right may be exercised by giving to the creditor a notice in writing signed by the debtor or the debtor’s agent.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 30

Section 83ZD: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZE Debtor’s right to settle credit contract

(1)

The debtor may, at any time after the creditor has repossessed the consumer goods and at any time before the creditor sells or agrees to sell the consumer goods in accordance with this subpart, settle the debtor’s obligations under the credit contract—

(a)

by paying to the creditor the amount required to settle the contract; or

(b)

if the contract secures the performance of an obligation other than the payment of money, by performing that obligation.

(2)

In this section, the amount required to settle the contract means the balance of the advance outstanding, together with any interest charges, credit fees, and default fees payable under the credit contract, and includes—

(a)

the reasonable costs of the creditor of, and incidental to, repossessing, holding, storing, repairing, maintaining, valuing, and preparing the sale of the consumer goods and of returning them to the order of the debtor; and

(b)

the costs reasonably and actually incurred by the creditor in doing anything necessary to remedy any default by the debtor.

(3)

The costs referred to in subsection (2)(a) and (b) are subject to subpart 6 of Part 2 (which applies with all necessary modifications as if any cost that is imposed is a credit fee or a fee or charge to which section 45 applies (as the case may be)).

(4)

If the right to settle the credit contract is exercised,—

(a)

upon receipt of that amount, or confirmation of the performance of that obligation, the creditor must immediately return the consumer goods to the debtor; and

(b)

the contract terminates, with the rights and obligations of the parties to it satisfied.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 31

Section 83ZE: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZF Debtor’s right to force sale

(1)

If the consumer goods have not been sold within 30 working days, the debtor may require the creditor to put the consumer goods up for sale by auction.

(2)

The period of 30 working days commences with the date on which the creditor repossesses the consumer goods.

(3)

The following rules apply to a sale required under subsection (1):

(a)

the debtor must require the sale by notice in writing to the creditor, signed by the debtor or the debtor’s agent; and

(b)

the auction must be held within 2 months after the date that notice is given; and

(c)

the creditor must give the debtor and every other person referred to in section 83G(1) reasonable notice of—

(i)

the time and place of the auction; or

(ii)

if the auction is via the Internet, the times at which the auction will begin and end (including the circumstances (if any) in which the auction may end before the end time given in the notice); and

(d)

the creditor and the debtor are each entitled to bid at the auction; and

(e)

there must be no reserve price.

(4)

Nothing in section 83J limits the creditor’s duty to comply with this section.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 32

Section 83ZF: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZG Disposal of consumer goods to purchaser for value and in good faith

(1)

A purchaser for value and in good faith who takes possession of consumer goods sold by a creditor takes the consumer goods free from the following interests:

(a)

the interest of the debtor:

(b)

any interest subordinate to that of the debtor:

(c)

the interest of the creditor:

(d)

any interest subordinate to that of the creditor.

(2)

Subsection (1) applies whether or not registrations relating to any security interests referred to in subsection (1) have been removed from the register of personal property securities established under the Personal Property Securities Act 1999.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 32A

Section 83ZG: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZH Extinguishment of creditor’s security interest and subordinate security interests on sale

(1)

If consumer goods have been sold under section 83Z or 83ZF, the following interests are extinguished on the sale of the consumer goods:

(a)

the security interest of the creditor who sold the consumer goods:

(b)

all security interests in the consumer goods and their proceeds that are subordinate to the security interest of the creditor who sold the consumer goods.

(2)

In subsection (1), proceeds has the same meaning as in section 16 of the Personal Property Securities Act 1999.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 32B

Section 83ZH: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZI Creditor to give statement of account to debtor, guarantor, and other interested persons

(1)

If consumer goods are sold pursuant to section 83Z or 83ZF, the creditor must, within 7 days after the sale of the consumer goods, give the debtor and every other person referred to in section 83G(1) a statement of account in writing, showing—

(a)

the amount of the gross proceeds of sale:

(b)

the amount of the costs of, and incidental to, the sale:

(c)

the amount required to settle the contract under section 83ZE as at the date of the sale:

(d)

the balance owing by the creditor to the debtor, or by the debtor to the creditor, as the case may be.

(2)

If more than 1 item of consumer goods has been sold separately, the statement of account must, if practicable, show the amount of the gross proceeds of sale of each item (as well as a total amount).

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 33

Section 83ZI: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZJ Distribution of surplus

(1)

If a creditor has sold consumer goods under section 83Z or 83ZF, the creditor must pay the following persons the amount of any surplus by satisfying the claims of those persons in the following order:

(a)

any person who has registered a financing statement in the name of the debtor over the consumer goods that were sold where—

(i)

the registration was effective immediately before the consumer goods were sold; and

(ii)

the security interest relating to that registration was subordinate to the security interest of the creditor who sold the consumer goods:

(b)

any other person who has given the creditor notice that that person claims an interest in the consumer goods that were sold and in respect of which the creditor is satisfied that that person has a legally enforceable interest in the consumer goods:

(c)

the debtor.

(2)

The security interests to which subsection (1)(a) applies must be paid in the order of their priority as determined by Part 7 or 8 of the Personal Property Securities Act 1999.

(3)

Subsection (1) applies despite the extinguishment of a security interest under section 83ZH.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 34

Section 83ZJ: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZK Surplus may be paid into court

(1)

The creditor may pay the surplus into court if there is a question as to who is entitled to receive payment under section 83ZJ.

(2)

The surplus may be paid out only on an application by a person claiming an entitlement to the surplus.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 34A

Section 83ZK: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZL Debtor’s, etc, right to recover surplus

The persons referred to in section 83ZJ are entitled to recover the amount of any surplus from the creditor.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 34B

Section 83ZL: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZM Limit on creditor’s right to recover from debtor

(1)

This section applies if—

(a)

consumer goods (or, where multiple goods are subject to the credit contract, any 1 or more of those goods) are sold under this subpart; and

(b)

the net proceeds of sale are less than the amount required to settle the contract under section 83ZE as at the date of the sale.

(2)

If this section applies, the debtor’s liability to the creditor under the credit contract is limited to the difference between the amount required to settle the contract as at the date of the sale and the net proceeds of the sale.

(3)

To avoid doubt,—

(a)

after the sale, the creditor is not entitled to, and must not claim, any amounts in addition to the amount specified in subsection (2), including—

(i)

any further interest payments that would, had the sale not taken place, have been payable in respect of the credit contract; or

(ii)

any interest under the Judicature Act 1908; or

(iii)

any other payments that are in addition to the amount required to settle the contract under section 83ZE; and

(b)

if the sale is of 1 or more goods (but not all the goods) that are subject to the same credit contract, the debtor’s liability to the creditor under the contract is the amount referred to in subsection (2); and

(c)

no interest payments or other payments accrue in respect of any unsold goods (whether or not they have been offered for sale and whether or not they are retained by the debtor) after the date of the sale of the first item under paragraph (b).

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 35

Section 83ZM: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 6—Prohibitions relating to security interest over certain consumer goods

Subpart 6: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZN Credit contract may not provide for security interest over certain consumer goods

(1)

A credit contract may not provide for a security interest over—

(a)

consumer goods of the following kind:

(i)

beds and bedding:

(ii)

cooking equipment, including cooking stoves:

(iii)

medical equipment:

(iv)

portable heaters:

(v)

washing machines:

(vi)

refrigerators:

(b)

documents of the following kind:

(i)

travel documents:

(ii)

identification documents:

(iii)

bank cards:

(c)

any other consumer goods, or documents, prescribed by regulations made under this Act.

(2)

Subsection (1)(a) and (c) do not prevent the consumer goods referred to in those paragraphs from being subject to a purchase money security interest.

(3)

Every creditor under a credit contract must ensure that the contract does not contravene this section.

(4)

Nothing in this section prevents a security interest over a good specified in subsection (1)(a)(i) to (vi) that is not a consumer good (for example, a bed that is part of the inventory of a retailer).

Section 83ZN: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZO Contravening provision of no effect

A provision of a credit contract that contravenes section 83ZN is of no effect to the extent of the contravention.

Section 83ZO: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZP Exclusion for fixtures

Nothing in this subpart applies to a thing that has been affixed to any building or land in such a manner that it becomes part of the structure of the building or otherwise becomes integral to the land.

Section 83ZP: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 7—Miscellaneous provisions

Subpart 7: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZQ Service of notices

(1)

Any notice or other document required or authorised by this Part to be served on or given to any person must be in writing and is sufficiently served or given if—

(a)

it is delivered to that person; or

(b)

it is left at that person’s usual or last known place of residence or business or at an address specified for that purpose in an agreement; or

(c)

it is posted in a letter addressed to that person by name at that place of residence or business or address; or

(d)

it is sent by way of an electronic communication to the address specified by that person for this purpose.

(2)

Subsection (1)(d) does not apply to a repossession warning notice or a post-repossession notice.

(3)

This section does not apply in relation to section 83O.

(4)

If the person is absent from New Zealand, the notice or other document may be served on or given to the person’s agent in New Zealand.

(5)

If the person is deceased, the notice or other document may be served on or given to the person’s personal representatives.

(6)

If the person is not known, or is absent from New Zealand and has no known agent in New Zealand, or is deceased and has no personal representatives, the notice or other document must be served or given in such manner as may be directed by an order of the court.

(7)

If the notice or other document is sent to any person—

(a)

by post, it is to be treated as having been received on the fourth working day after the day on which the letter is posted (and in proving the delivery it is sufficient to prove that the letter was properly addressed and posted):

(b)

by electronic communication, it is to be treated as having been received on the second working day after the day on which the notice or document is sent.

(8)

Despite anything in this section, the court may in any case make an order directing the manner in which any notice or other document is to be served or given, or make an order dispensing with the service or giving of the notice or document.

(9)

This section does not apply to notices or other documents served or given in any proceedings in any court.

Compare: 1997 No 85 s 38

Section 83ZQ: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

83ZR Part does not limit application of rules relating to conduct of servants or agents

Nothing in this Part limits section 113(b) (which applies section 90 of the Commerce Act 1986 (conduct by servants or agents) for the purposes of this Act).

Section 83ZR: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 51 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Part 4 Enforcement and remedies

Subpart 1—Preliminary provisions

84 Compliance programmes

For the purposes of this Part, a creditor or lessor has a compliance programme if the creditor or lessor—

(a)

requires its employees and agents to follow procedures, or has implemented automated procedures, that are designed to ensure compliance with this Act and the regulations; and

(b)

ensures that there are in place methods for systematically identifying deficiencies in the effectiveness of the programme; and

(c)

promptly remedies any deficiencies discovered.

Jurisdiction

85 Jurisdiction of High Court

The High Court may hear and determine the following matters:

(a)

appeals from any proceedings in a District Court under this Act:

(b)

applications for injunctions under section 96:

(c)

applications for orders under any of the provisions of this Act (except sections 108 and 115).

Compare: 1986 No 121 s 37

86 Jurisdiction of District Courts

(1)

A District Court may hear and determine proceedings for offences against any of the provisions of this Act.

(2)

A District Court may hear and determine applications for orders under any of the provisions of this Act if—

(a)

the occasion for the exercise of the power arises in the course of civil proceedings properly before the court; or

(b)

in the case of—

(i)

a revolving credit contract that has a credit limit, the credit limit does not exceed $200,000; or

(ii)

any other credit contract, the total of all advances made and agreed to be made under the credit contract does not exceed $200,000; or

(iii)

a consumer lease, the cash price of the goods hired does not exceed $200,000; or

(iv)

a buy-back transaction, the amount of the consideration paid by the transferee under the transaction does not exceed $200,000; or

(ba)

in the case of an application for an order under any of the provisions of this Act, the relief claimed does not exceed $200,000; or

(c)

the parties agree, in accordance with section 37 of the District Courts Act 1947, that a District Court has jurisdiction to hear and determine the application.

(2A)

Subsection (2)(b) does not limit subsection (2)(a), (ba), or (c).

(3)

A District Court does not have jurisdiction to hear and determine applications for injunctions under section 96.

(4)

For the purposes of section 43 of the District Courts Act 1947, an application made to a District Court for an order under this Act is to be treated as a proceeding.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 45

Section 86(2)(ba): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 52(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 86(2A): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 52(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

87 Jurisdiction of Disputes Tribunals

(1)

A Disputes Tribunal established under section 4 of the Disputes Tribunals Act 1988 has jurisdiction to hear and determine applications for orders under sections 90, 93, 94A, 120, and 122 if the total amount in respect of which an order of the Tribunal is sought is not more than $15,000.

(2)

A Disputes Tribunal established under section 4 of the Disputes Tribunals Act 1988 has jurisdiction to hear and determine applications for orders under sections 58 and 59 if, at the date that the claim is lodged with the appropriate Tribunal, the unpaid balance under the consumer credit contract does not exceed $15,000.

(3)

An order of a Disputes Tribunal under this Act must not—

(a)

require a person to pay an amount exceeding $15,000:

(b)

declare a person not liable to another person for an amount exceeding $15,000:

(c)

vest any property exceeding $15,000 in value in any person:

(d)

direct the transfer or assignment or delivery of possession of any property exceeding $15,000 in value.

(4)

An order of a Tribunal that exceeds any restriction specified in subsection (3) is entirely of no effect.

(5)

If, in respect of any proceedings properly before a Disputes Tribunal, the jurisdiction of the Tribunal has been extended under an agreement made under section 13 of the Disputes Tribunals Act 1988, subsections (1) to (3) are to be read as if every reference in those subsections to $15,000 were a reference to $20,000.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 45A

Section 87(1): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 53 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 87(1): amended, on  1 August 2009, by section 8 of the Disputes Tribunals Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 22).

Section 87(2): amended, on 1 August 2009, by section 8 of the Disputes Tribunals Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 22).

Section 87(3)(a): amended, on 1 August 2009, by section 8 of the Disputes Tribunals Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 22).

Section 87(3)(b): amended, on 1 August 2009, by section 8 of the Disputes Tribunals Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 22).

Section 87(3)(c): amended, on 1 August 2009, by section 8 of the Disputes Tribunals Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 22).

Section 87(3)(d): amended, on 1 August 2009, by section 8 of the Disputes Tribunals Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 22).

Section 87(5): amended, on 1 August 2009, by section 8 of the Disputes Tribunals Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 22).

87A Jurisdiction of dispute resolution schemes

This subpart does not limit the jurisdiction of a dispute resolution scheme in respect of any statutory obligation under this Act (see section 63(1)(g) of the Financial Service Providers (Registration and Dispute Resolution) Act 2008).

Section 87A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 54 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 2—Statutory damages

88 Creditors, creditors’ agents, lessors, transferees, and buy-back promoters liable for statutory damages

(1)

The debtor under a consumer credit contract is entitled to recover from the creditor under the contract the amount of the statutory damages set out in section 89 if the creditor breaches, in connection with the contract, any of the provisions of sections 17 to 24, 32 to 40, and 70.

(1A)

The debtor under a credit contract is entitled to recover from—

(a)

the creditor under the contract the amount of the statutory damages set out in section 89 if the creditor or the creditor’s agent breaches, in connection with the contract, any of the provisions of Part 3A; and

(b)

the creditor’s agent the amount of the statutory damages set out in section 89 if the creditor’s agent breaches, in connection with the contract, any of the provisions of Part 3A.

(1B)

However, if a creditor’s agent breaches, in connection with a contract, any of the provisions of Part 3A, the debtor is not entitled, under subsection (1A), to recover the amount of statutory damages from—

(a)

the creditor’s agent if the debtor has already recovered that amount from the creditor:

(b)

the creditor if the debtor has already recovered that amount from the creditor’s agent.

(2)

The guarantor under a guarantee is entitled to recover from the creditor under a consumer credit contract to which the guarantee applies the amount of the statutory damages set out in section 89 if the creditor breaches, in connection with the guarantee, any of the provisions of sections 24 to 26 and 32 to 35.

(3)

The lessee under a consumer lease is entitled to recover from the lessor under the lease the amount of the statutory damages set out in section 89 if the lessor breaches, in connection with the lease, any of the provisions of sections 32 to 35, 64 to 67, and 70.

(4)

The occupier under a buy-back transaction is entitled to recover from the transferee under the transaction the amount of the statutory damages set out in section 89 if the transferee breaches, in connection with the transaction, any of the provisions of sections 32 to 35, 72, and 77 to 79.

(5)

If section 74 applies, the occupier under a buy-back transaction is entitled to recover from the buy-back promoter the amount of the statutory damages set out in section 89 if the buy-back promoter breaches, in connection with the transaction, any of the provisions of sections 32 to 35, and 72.

(6)

The statutory damages that are to be paid in relation to a consumer credit contract, other credit contract, guarantee, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction must be divided equally between all of the debtors under the contract, the guarantors under the guarantee, the lessees under the lease, or the occupiers under the buy-back transaction, as the case may be.

Section 88 heading: amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 55(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 88(1A): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 55(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 88(1B): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 55(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 88(6): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 55(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

89 Amount of statutory damages

(1)

The amount of the statutory damages is,—

(a)

in the case of a breach of section 18, an amount equal to the interest charges, credit fees, and default fees payable under the consumer credit contract during the period to which the breach relates; and

(b)

in the case of a breach of section 24, an amount equal to the interest charges, credit fees, and default fees payable under the consumer credit contract during the period commencing on the date that the request for disclosure was received and ending on the earlier of the following:

(i)

the day on which disclosure was made in accordance with section 24:

(ii)

the date on which the contract comes to an end; and

(c)

in the case of a breach of section 25(1)(a), the lesser of $6,000 or 5% of the total of all advances made and agreed to be made under the consumer credit contracts to which the guarantee applies at the time the guarantee is given; and

(d)

in the case of any other breach, the lesser of $6,000 or 5% of,—

(i)

in the case of a revolving credit contract, the credit limit at the time of the breach; or

(ii)

in the case of a consumer lease, the cash price of the goods; or

(iii)

in the case of any other consumer credit contract or other credit contract, the total of all advances made and agreed to be made under the contract; or

(iv)

in the case of a buy-back transaction, the rateable value of the land at the time the transaction was made.

(2)

Subject to subsection (1)(a) and (b), if a revolving credit contract does not have a credit limit, the amount of the statutory damages is $6,000.

(3)

If the amount of the statutory damages under subsection (1)(d) is less than $200, the amount of the statutory damages must be rounded up to $200.

(4)

If a person has breached 2 or more provisions referred to in section 88 in connection with the same consumer credit contract, other credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction and the breaches occur at or about the same time, the total statutory damages payable for those breaches is equal to the highest statutory damages payable for 1 of those breaches.

Section 89(1)(a): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 56(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 89(1)(b): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 56(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 89(1)(c): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 56(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 89(1)(d): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 56(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 89(1)(d)(iii): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 56(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 89(2): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 56(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 89(3): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 56(4) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 89(4): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 56(5) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

90 Enforcement of statutory damages

(1)

The court may, on the application of the Commission or any party to a consumer credit contract or other credit contract, guarantee, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction, make an order directing a creditor, a creditor’s agent, a lessor, a transferee, or a buy-back promoter to pay any statutory damages that are payable under section 88.

(2)

An order under subsection (1) may be made whether or not any person has suffered, or is likely to suffer, any loss or damage as a result of the breach referred to in section 88.

(3)

An application under this section may be made at any time within 3 years after the matter giving rise to the breach was discovered or ought reasonably to have been discovered.

(4)

An application by the Commission under this section may be made by the Commission on behalf of a person or a class of persons.

Section 90(1): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 57(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 90(1): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 57(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 90(3): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 57(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

91 Court may reduce statutory damages

(1)

The court may, on the application of a creditor under a class of consumer credit contract or other credit contract, a lessor under a class of consumer lease, or a transferee or buy-back promoter under a class of buy-back transaction, order that the statutory damages payable in connection with a breach or breaches that affect that class be extinguished or reduced to an amount specified by the court if the court considers that it is just and equitable that an order be made.

(2)

Any order under this section may be made on the terms and conditions that the court thinks fit.

Section 91(1): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 58 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

92 Guidelines for reducing statutory damages

In deciding whether to make an order under section 91 and the terms and conditions applying to an order under that section, the court must have regard to the following matters:

(a)

the role that statutory damages have in providing incentives for compliance with this Act:

(b)

whether the creditor or lessor has an appropriate compliance programme:

(c)

the extent of, and the reasons for, the breach or breaches:

(d)

the extent to which any person has been prejudiced by the breach or breaches:

(e)

the extent to which the creditor, lessor, transferee, or buy-back promoter has compensated, or agreed to compensate, the persons who are affected by the breach or breaches:

(f)

any other matters that the court thinks fit.

Subpart 3—Orders, injunctions, and prohibited enforcement

Court’s general power to make orders

93 Court’s general power to make orders

The court may make all or any of the orders referred to in section 94 if the court finds that a person (whether or not that person is a party to any proceedings) has suffered loss or damage by conduct of any creditor, creditor’s agent, lessor, transferee, buy-back promoter, paid adviser, or broker that constitutes, or would constitute,—

(aa)

a breach of any of the provisions of section 9C (lender responsibility principles) or of sections 9J and 9K:

(a)

a breach of any of the provisions of Part 2, 3, or 3A:

(b)

aiding, abetting, counselling, or procuring any other person to breach any of the provisions of section 9C, 9J, or 9K or of Part 2, 3, or 3A:

(c)

inducing, or attempting to induce, any other person, whether by threats, promises or otherwise, to breach any of the provisions of section 9C, 9J, or 9K or of Part 2, 3, or 3A:

(d)

being in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the breach by any other person of any of the provisions of section 9C, 9J, or 9K or of Part 2, 3, or 3A:

(e)

conspiring with any other person to breach any of the provisions of section 9C, 9J, or 9K or of Part 2, 3, or 3A.

Compare: 1986 No 121 s 43(1)

Section 93: amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 59(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 93(aa): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 59(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 93(a): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 59(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 93(b): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 59(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 93(c): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 59(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 93(d): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 59(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 93(e): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 59(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

94 Court orders

(1)

The types of orders that the court may make against the person who engaged in the conduct referred to in section 93 are as follows:

(a)

an order directing the person to refund or credit a payment in accordance with section 48:

(b)

an order directing the person to pay to any person who has suffered loss or damage by that conduct an amount not exceeding the amount of the loss or damage (to the extent that any statutory damages that are to be paid do not adequately compensate the person for the loss or damage):

(c)

an order directing the person to pay exemplary damages to any person who has suffered loss or damage by that conduct:

(ca)

an order that—

(i)

a fee imposed in contravention of section 41, 80, or 82, and any interest paid or payable in relation to that fee, must be reduced by a specified amount, in which case—

(A)

only the reduced fee or interest is payable to the creditor, transferee, buy-back promoter, or associated person (as the case may be); or

(B)

if the fee or interest has been paid or debited under the consumer credit contract or buy-back transaction, the creditor, transferee, buy-back promoter, or associated person (as the case may be) must refund the amount by which the fee or interest was reduced; or

(ii)

no credit fee, default fee, buy-back fee, buy-back default fee, or other fee may be imposed or debited (in which case no fee, and no interest on that fee, is payable to the creditor, transferee, buy-back promoter, or associated person (as the case may be)); or

(iii)

if the court makes an order under subparagraph (ii) and the fee or interest has already been paid or debited, the creditor, transferee, buy-back promoter, or associated person must,—

(A)

if the fee or interest has been paid, refund the amount of that fee and any interest paid in relation to that fee:

(B)

if the fee or interest has been debited, reverse that transaction:

(cb)

in the case of a breach of section 69(1), an order that—

(i)

the insurance, repayment waiver, or extended warranty be annulled on any terms and conditions that the court thinks fit:

(ii)

all or part of the premium or any other amount payable in relation to the insurance, repayment waiver, or extended warranty be reimbursed to the debtor or lessee by the creditor or lessor:

(cc)

any other order that the court thinks fit for the purpose of giving effect to an order under paragraph (ca) or (cb):

(d)

an order for any consequential relief that the court thinks fit.

(2)

The court must not make an order under subsection (1)(c) if a penalty has been imposed against the person in relation to the same conduct under section 103.

Compare: 1986 No 121 s 43(2)

Section 94(1)(ca): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 60 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 94(1)(cb): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 60 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 94(1)(cc): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 60 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

94A Court orders in relation to repossessions

(1)

The court may make all or any of the orders referred to in this section if the court finds that a person (whether or not that person is a party to any proceedings) has suffered loss or damage by the conduct of any creditor, or creditor’s agent, that constitutes, or would constitute, a breach of any of the provisions of Part 3A.

(2)

In any proceedings relating to a breach of Part 3A, the court must have regard to the following matters:

(a)

the conduct of the parties:

(b)

the nature of the default:

(c)

any other matters the court considers appropriate.

(3)

The court may make an order granting any relief that is reasonable, and for that purpose—

(a)

relief may be granted on such terms, if any, as to costs, expenses, damages, compensation, penalty, or otherwise as the court, in the circumstances of each case, thinks fit; and

(b)

in the case of an application relating to a repossession, relief may include compensation for non-financial loss, stress, humiliation, and inconvenience; and

(c)

relief may include a variation in the terms of the credit contract.

(4)

In any legal proceedings in relation to a credit contract after the creditor has repossessed the consumer goods, the court before which such proceedings are brought may, subject to the jurisdiction of the particular court, vary or discharge any judgment or order of any other court against the debtor for recovery of money so far as is necessary to give effect to a set-off against any amount owing to the debtor under the provisions of sections 83ZJ and 83ZM.

Compare: 1997 No 85 ss 12, 13, 36

Section 94A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 61 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

95 Miscellaneous provisions concerning court’s general power to make orders

(1)

An order under section 93 or 94A may be made on the application of the Commission or any party to a consumer credit contract, other credit contract, guarantee, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction, as the case may be.

(2)

An application for an order under section 93 or 94A may be made at any time within 3 years after the date on which the loss or damage was discovered or ought reasonably to have been discovered.

(3)

An application made by the Commission for an order under section 93 or 94A may be made on behalf of a person or a class of persons.

(4)

Nothing in section 93 or 94A or this section limits or affects the Illegal Contracts Act 1970.

Section 95(1): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 62(1)(a) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 95(1): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 62(1)(b) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 95(1): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 62(1)(c) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 95(2): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 62(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 95(3): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 62(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 95(4): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 62(4) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Injunctions

96 Injunctions

(1)

The court may, on the application of the Commission or any other person, grant an injunction restraining a person from engaging in conduct that constitutes, or would constitute, any of the following:

(aa)

a breach of any of the provisions of section 9C (lender responsibility principles) or of sections 9J and 9K:

(a)

a breach of any of the provisions of Parts 2, 3, and 3A:

(b)

any attempt to breach any of the provisions of section 9C, 9J, or 9K or of Part 2, 3, or 3A:

(c)

aiding, abetting, counselling, or procuring any other person to breach any of the provisions of section 9C, 9J, or 9K or of Part 2, 3, or 3A:

(d)

inducing, or attempting to induce, any other person, whether by threats, promises or otherwise, to breach any of the provisions of section 9C, 9J, or 9K or of Part 2, 3, or 3A:

(e)

being in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in, or party to, the breach by any other person of any of the provisions of section 9C, 9J, or 9K or of Part 2, 3, or 3A:

(f)

conspiring with any other person to breach any of the provisions of section 9C, 9J, or 9K or of Part 2, 3, or 3A.

(2)

The court may rescind or vary an injunction granted under this section.

(3)

An application made by the Commission for the grant of an injunction may be made on behalf of a person or a class of persons.

Compare: 1986 No 121 s 41(1), (2)

Section 96(1)(aa): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 63(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 96(1)(a): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 63(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 96(1)(b): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 63(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 96(1)(c): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 63(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 96(1)(d): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 63(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 96(1)(e): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 63(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 96(1)(f): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 63(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

97 Injunctions restraining conduct of particular kind

(1)

This section applies if an application is made to the court for the grant of an injunction under section 96 restraining a person from engaging in conduct of a particular kind.

(2)

The court may grant the injunction—

(a)

if it is satisfied that the person has engaged in conduct of that kind (whether or not it appears to the court that the person intends to engage again, or to continue to engage, in conduct of that kind); or

(b)

if it is satisfied that it is likely that the person will engage in conduct of that kind in the event that an injunction is not granted,—

(i)

whether or not the person has previously engaged in conduct of that kind; and

(ii)

whether or not there is an imminent danger of substantial damage to any person if that person engages in conduct of that kind.

Compare: 1986 No 121 s 41(3), (4)

98 Interim injunction

(1)

This section applies if an application is made to the court for the grant of an interim injunction under section 96 restraining a person from engaging in conduct of a particular kind.

(2)

The court may grant an interim injunction if the court is satisfied that it is desirable to do so,—

(a)

whether or not the person has previously engaged in conduct of that kind; and

(b)

whether or not there is an imminent danger of substantial damage to any person if that person engages in conduct of that kind.

(3)

If the Commission applies to the court for the grant of an interim injunction, the court must not, as a condition of granting an interim injunction, require the Commission to give an undertaking as to damages.

(4)

However, in determining the Commission’s application for the grant of an interim injunction, the court must not take into account that the Commission is not required to give an undertaking as to damages.

Compare: 1986 No 121 s 41(3), (4); 1986 No 5 s 88A

Prohibited enforcement

99 Enforcement of consumer credit contract prohibited

(1)

If disclosure is required under section 17 or section 22, no person (other than a debtor under the consumer credit contract) may, before that disclosure is made,—

(a)

enforce the contract; or

(b)

enforce any right to recover property to which the contract relates; or

(ba)

enforce any right in relation to the costs of borrowing; or

(bb)

require the debtor or any other person to make a full prepayment or a part prepayment on the basis of a failure by the debtor or other person to pay the costs of borrowing; or

(c)

enforce any security interest taken in connection with the contract.

(1A)

Neither the debtor nor any other person is liable for the costs of borrowing in relation to any period during which the creditor has failed to comply with section 17 or 22.

(1B)

The period referred to in subsection (1A)—

(a)

starts on the date of the failure; and

(b)

ends only at the close of the day on which the disclosure under section 17 or 22 is made.

(1C)

However, subsection (1A) does not apply in relation to fees or charges payable as referred to in section 45 unless the other person, body, or agency referred to in that section is an associated person of the creditor.

(2)

This section does not limit any rights that a person has in connection with a bill of exchange.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 24

Section 99(1)(ba): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 64(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 99(1)(bb): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 64(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 99(1A): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 64(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 99(1B): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 64(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 99(1C): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 64(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

99A Enforcement of rights of repossession, etc, prohibited

If the notice requirements under section 83G or 83V, as the case may be, have not been complied with, no creditor that fails to so comply may, before a notice is given, enforce any rights that the creditor otherwise has under Part 3A.

Section 99A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 65 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

99B Enforcement prohibited if creditor unregistered

(1)

If a creditor who is required to be registered under Part 2 of the Financial Service Providers (Registration and Dispute Resolution) Act 2008 is not registered under that Act,—

(a)

neither the creditor nor any other person may, in relation to a credit contract to which the creditor is a party,—

(i)

enforce any right in relation to the costs of borrowing; or

(ii)

require the debtor or any other person to make a full prepayment or a part prepayment on the basis of a failure by the debtor or other person to pay the costs of borrowing; and

(b)

neither the debtor nor any other person is liable for the costs of borrowing under such a contract in relation to any period during which the creditor is unregistered.

(2)

However, subsection (1)(b) does not apply in relation to fees or charges payable to another person, body, or agency as referred to in section 45 unless that person, body, or agency is an associated person of the creditor.

(3)

On becoming registered under the Financial Service Providers (Registration and Dispute Resolution) Act 2008, the creditor may enforce the creditor’s rights in relation to the costs of borrowing, but only—

(a)

if the creditor has given written notice to the debtor, containing the information specified in subsection (5); and

(b)

in relation to the costs of borrowing directly attributable to periods after such notice has been given to the debtor.

(4)

Subsection (3) is subject to any other provision of this Act that prohibits enforcement of the credit contract.

(5)

The notice required under subsection (3)(a) must clearly inform the debtor—

(a)

that the creditor is now registered under the Financial Service Providers (Registration and Dispute Resolution) Act 2008; and

(b)

of the date on which the creditor became registered; and

(c)

of the name and contact details of the dispute resolution scheme of which the creditor is a member; and

(d)

that the debtor is, from the date on which the notice was given, liable for the costs of borrowing; and

(e)

that the debtor has no liability for the costs of borrowing that would otherwise have accrued before the date on which the notice was given.

Section 99B: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 65 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

100 Enforcement of guarantee prohibited

(1)

If disclosure is required to be made under section 25 or section 26, no person may enforce the guarantee before disclosure is made.

(2)

Failure to comply with section 25 or section 26 does not affect the ability of a person to enforce a consumer credit contract against the debtor.

(3)

Failure to make disclosure to a debtor in accordance with this Act does not affect the ability of a person to enforce a guarantee.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 24A

101 Enforcement of consumer lease prohibited

(1)

If disclosure is required under section 64 or section 65, no person (other than a lessee under the consumer lease) may, before that disclosure is made,—

(a)

enforce the lease; or

(b)

enforce any right to recover property to which the lease relates; or

(ba)

enforce any right in relation to the costs of the lease; or

(bb)

require the lessee or any other person to make a payment of an amount before that amount is payable under the lease on the basis of a failure by the lessee or other person to pay the costs of the lease; or

(c)

enforce any security interest taken in connection with the lease.

(2)

Neither the lessee nor any other person is liable for the costs of the lease in relation to any period during which the lessor has failed to comply with section 64 or 65.

(3)

The period referred to in subsection (2)—

(a)

starts on the date of the failure; and

(b)

ends only at the close of the day on which the disclosure under section 64 or 65 is made.

(4)

However, subsection (2) does not apply in relation to fees or charges payable by a lessee for an amount payable, or to reimburse an amount paid, by the lessor to another person, body, or agency unless the person, body, or agency is an associated person of the lessor.

Section 101(1)(ba): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 66(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 101(1)(bb): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 66(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 101(2): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 66(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 101(3): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 66(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 101(4): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 66(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

102 Enforcement of buy-back transaction prohibited

(1)

If disclosure is required under section 72 or section 77, no person (other than an occupier under the buy-back transaction) may, before that disclosure is made,—

(a)

enforce the buy-back transaction; or

(b)

enforce any right to recover property to which the buy-back transaction relates; or

(ba)

enforce any right in relation to the costs of the buy-back transaction; or

(bb)

require the occupier or any other person to make a payment of an amount before that amount is payable under the buy-back transaction on the basis of a failure by the occupier or other person to pay the costs of the buy-back transaction; or

(c)

enforce any security interest taken in connection with the buy-back transaction.

(2)

Neither the occupier nor any other person is liable for the costs of the buy-back transaction in relation to any period during which the transferee has failed to comply with section 72 or 77.

(3)

The period referred to in subsection (2)—

(a)

starts on the date of the failure; and

(b)

ends only at the close of the day on which the disclosure under section 72 or 77 is made.

(4)

However, subsection (2) does not apply in relation to fees or charges payable to another person, body, or agency as referred to in section 81 unless that person, body, or agency is an associated person of the transferee.

Section 102(1)(ba): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 67(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 102(1)(bb): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 67(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 102(2): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 67(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 102(3): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 67(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 102(4): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 67(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 4—Offences

102A Infringement offences

(1)

Every creditor, lessor, or transferee who is subject to a disclosure section commits an offence if—

(a)

both of the following apply:

(i)

a paragraph in Schedule 1, 2, or 3 or section 19(1) requires information to be contained in the disclosure statement that is to be given or sent for the purposes of the disclosure section; and

(ii)

the creditor, lessor, or transferee breaches the disclosure section by failing to include any information in the disclosure statement for the purposes of that paragraph; or

(b)

the creditor, lessor, or transferee breaches the disclosure section by failing to give or send to the debtor, guarantor, lessee, or occupier a copy of the relevant terms within the time for giving or sending the copy of those terms that is specified in that section.

(2)

Subsection (1) does not apply to a complete failure to give or send a disclosure statement to a debtor, guarantor, lessee, or occupier in accordance with a disclosure section (but such a breach is an offence under section 103).

(3)

Every creditor, lessor, or transferee who is subject to section 24, 67, or 79 commits an offence if the creditor, lessor, or transferee breaches that section.

(4)

Every lender who is subject to section 9J commits an offence if the lender breaches section 9J(4).

(5)

Every creditor who is subject to Part 3A commits an offence if both of the following apply:

(a)

a paragraph in Schedule 3A requires information to be contained in the repossession warning notice that is to be served for the purposes of section 83G; and

(b)

the creditor breaches section 83G by failing to include any information in the repossession warning notice for the purposes of that paragraph.

(6)

Every creditor or creditor’s agent who is subject to Part 3A commits an offence if the creditor or creditor’s agent breaches section 83O(1) by failing to produce a document or information referred to in a paragraph of that subsection.

(7)

Subsections (5) and (6) do not apply to a complete failure to serve a repossession warning notice on a debtor in accordance with section 83G or a complete failure to comply with section 83O(1) (but such a breach is an offence under section 103).

(8)

A person who commits an offence under this section is liable on conviction,—

(a)

in the case of an individual, to a fine not exceeding $10,000; and

(b)

in the case of a body corporate, to a fine not exceeding $30,000.

(9)

In this Act, infringement offence means an offence under this section.

(10)

See sections 105A to 105F (which relate to infringement offences).

(11)

In this section,—

disclosure section means any of sections 17, 18, 25, 64, 70, and 72

relevant terms means, in relation to—

(a)

section 17, the terms of the contract referred to in section 17(2):

(b)

section 25, the terms of the guarantee referred to in section 25(1)(a):

(c)

section 64, the terms of the lease referred to in section 64(2):

(d)

section 70, the terms of the credit-related insurance, repayment waiver, or extended warranty referred to in section 70(1) or (2) (as the case may be):

(e)

section 72, the terms of the buy-back transaction referred to in section 72(2).

Section 102A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 68 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

103 Other offences

(1)

Every creditor, creditor’s agent, lessor, transferee, or buy-back promoter who breaches any of the provisions of sections 17 to 74, 76 to 82, 83E, 83F, 83G, 83O, 83P, 83S, 83T, and 83ZN commits an offence and is liable on conviction,—

(a)

in the case of an individual, to a fine not exceeding $200,000; and

(b)

in the case of a body corporate, to a fine not exceeding $600,000.

(2)

However, a breach of section 83E(1)(c) is not an offence under subsection (1).

(3)

Every transferee who breaches section 75 commits an offence and is liable on conviction,—

(a)

in the case of an individual, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 1 year or to a fine not exceeding $200,000, or both; and

(b)

in the case of a body corporate, to a fine not exceeding $600,000.

(4)

Every person who acts in breach of an order made under section 108 commits an offence and is liable on conviction,—

(a)

in the case of an individual, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months or to a fine not exceeding $200,000, or both; and

(b)

in the case of a body corporate, to a fine not exceeding $600,000.

(5)

Conduct that constitutes an offence under section 102A does not constitute an offence under this section.

Section 103: replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 68 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

104 Conviction for 2 or more offences

If a person is convicted, whether in the same or separate proceedings, of 2 or more offences in respect of breaches of the same provisions of this Act and those breaches are of the same or a substantially similar nature and occurred at or about the same time, the total amount of any fines imposed on that person for those convictions must not exceed the amount of the maximum fine that may be imposed in respect of a conviction for a single offence.

Compare: 1986 No 121 s 40(2)

105 When proceedings may be commenced

Despite anything to the contrary in section 25 of the Criminal Procedure Act 2011, the limitation period in respect of an offence against section 102A or 103 ends on the date that is 3 years after the date on which the matter giving rise to the breach was discovered or ought reasonably to have been discovered.

Compare: 1986 No 121 s 40(3)

Section 105: replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 69 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

105A Infringement fee, etc, defined

(1)

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—

infringement fee means the amount, not exceeding $2,000, that is prescribed by regulations made under section 105F as the amount payable in respect of an infringement offence for which an infringement notice has been issued

infringement notice means a notice, in the form prescribed by regulations made under section 105F and issued under section 105C, in respect of an infringement offence.

(2)

See section 102A (which relates to infringement offences).

Section 105A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 70 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

105B Infringement offence alleged

(1)

If a person is alleged to have committed an infringement offence, the person may either—

(a)

be proceeded against by filing a charging document under section 14 of the Criminal Procedure Act 2011; or

(b)

be served with an infringement notice.

(2)

Proceedings commenced in the way described in subsection (1)(a) do not require leave of a District Court Judge or Registrar under section 21(1)(a) of the Summary Proceedings Act 1957.

Compare: 1992 No 122 s 165A

Section 105B: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 70 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

105C Issue of infringement notice

(1)

The Commission may issue an infringement notice to a person if the Commission believes on reasonable grounds that the person is committing, or has committed, an infringement offence.

(2)

The Commission may revoke an infringement notice before the infringement fee is paid, or before an order for payment of a fine is made or deemed to be made by a court under section 21 of the Summary Proceedings Act 1957.

(3)

An infringement notice is revoked by giving written notice to the person to whom it was issued that the notice is revoked.

Compare: 1992 No 122 s 165B

Section 105C: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 70 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

105D Procedural requirements for infringement notices

(1)

An infringement notice may be served on a person (a recipient) who is alleged to have committed an infringement offence—

(a)

by delivering it, or a copy of it, personally to the recipient; or

(b)

by sending it, or a copy of it, by post, addressed to the recipient at the recipient’s last known place of residence or business.

(2)

For the purposes of the Summary Proceedings Act 1957, an infringement notice sent under subsection (1)(b) must be treated as having been served on the recipient on the date it was posted.

(3)

An infringement notice must be in the form prescribed by regulations made under section 105F and must contain—

(a)

details of the alleged infringement offence that are sufficient to fully and fairly inform the recipient of the time, place, and nature of the alleged infringement offence; and

(b)

the amount of the infringement fee; and

(c)

an address at which the infringement fee may be paid; and

(d)

the time within which the infringement fee must be paid; and

(e)

a summary of the provisions of section 21(10) of the Summary Proceedings Act 1957; and

(f)

a statement that the recipient has a right to request a hearing; and

(g)

a statement of what will happen if the recipient does not pay the fee and does not request a hearing; and

(h)

any other prescribed matters.

(4)

If an infringement notice has been issued, proceedings in respect of the infringement offence to which the notice relates may be commenced in accordance with section 21 of the Summary Proceedings Act 1957; and in that case, section 21 of the Summary Proceedings Act 1957 applies, with all necessary modifications.

(5)

Reminder notices must be prescribed by regulations made under section 105F and must contain the information referred to in subsection (3).

Compare: 1992 No 122 s 165C

Section 105D: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 70 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

105E What Commission does with infringement fees

The Commission must pay all infringement fees received into a Crown Bank Account.

Compare: 1992 No 122 s 165D

Section 105E: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 70 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

105F Regulations relating to infringement offences

The Governor-General may, by Order in Council made on the recommendation of the Minister, make regulations for the following purposes:

(a)

prescribing the form of infringement notices and reminder notices:

(b)

prescribing any matters that must be included in those notices:

(c)

prescribing the amount of the infringement fee.

Section 105F: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 70 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Subpart 5—Defence

106 Reasonable mistake defence

(1)

Every person has a defence to a claim for statutory damages under section 88 or a prosecution under section 103(1), in connection with a breach of this Act, if the person proves that—

(a)

the breach was due to a reasonable mistake or due to events outside of the person’s control; and

(b)

the breach was remedied (to the extent that it could be remedied) as soon as practicable after the breach was discovered by the person or brought to the person’s notice; and

(c)

the person has compensated or offered to compensate any person who has suffered loss or damage by that breach.

(2)

For the avoidance of doubt, a mistake does not include a mistake of law or a mistake in the interpretation of any enactment or of any document.

107 Relevance of compliance programme

The court must, in determining whether the breach is due to a reasonable mistake, take into account whether the person has in place an appropriate compliance programme.

Subpart 6—Prohibition on certain creditors, lessors, transferees, and buy-back promoters

108 Power to order certain persons not to act as creditors, lessors, transferees, or buy-back promoters

(1)

A District Court may make an order prohibiting or restricting a person from doing all or any of the matters set out in subsection (2) if—

(a)

the person—

(i)

has been convicted of an offence against this Act, or of a crime involving dishonesty (as defined in section 2(1) of the Crimes Act 1961); or

(ii)

is, or has been, a creditor under a credit contract that has been reopened under the Credit Contracts Act 1981; or

(iii)

is, or has been, a creditor under a credit contract, a lessor under a consumer lease, or a transferee under a buy-back transaction that has been reopened under section 120; or

(iv)

is, or has been, a buy-back promoter in connection with a buy-back transaction that has been reopened under section 120; or

(v)

has failed, more than once, to comply with any of the provisions of this Act (including, to avoid doubt, the lender responsibility principles (see section 9C(2)); or

(vi)

was a director or principal officer of a body corporate at the time the body corporate acted in the manner referred to in subparagraphs (i) to (v); and

(b)

in the opinion of the District Court, the person is not a fit and proper person to—

(i)

enter into consumer credit contracts as a creditor; or

(ii)

enter into consumer leases as a lessor; or

(iii)

enter into buy-back transactions as a transferee; or

(iv)

act as a buy-back promoter in connection with a buy-back transaction.

(1A)

However, a District Court may not make an order under subsection (1) on the basis of—

(a)

a conviction referred to in subsection (1)(a)(i) if—

(i)

the court is satisfied that the direct and indirect consequences of the order would be out of all proportion to the gravity of the offence for which the person was convicted; and

(ii)

the person has no other convictions for an offence against this Act or for a crime involving dishonesty (as defined in section 2(1) of the Crimes Act 1961):

(b)

the person being a buy-back promoter referred to in subsection (1)(a)(iv) if—

(i)

the court is satisfied that the direct and indirect consequences of the order would be out of all proportion to the gravity of any misconduct of the buy-back promoter in connection with the buy-back transaction; and

(ii)

the buy-back promoter has not been connected with any other reopening of a buy-back transaction under section 120.

(2)

The matters are—

(a)

providing credit under consumer credit contracts, leasing goods under consumer leases, purchasing land under buy-back transactions, or acting as a buy-back promoter in connection with a buy-back transaction either alone or in partnership with any person and whether or not through agents:

(b)

acting as a director or taking part directly or indirectly in the management or control of any company or business that provides credit under consumer credit contracts, leases goods under consumer leases, purchases land under buy-back transactions, or acts as a buy-back promoter in connection with a buy-back transaction:

(c)

being in the employ, or acting as an agent, of a creditor, a lessor, a transferee, or a buy-back promoter in any capacity that allows the person to take any part in the negotiation of—

(i)

consumer credit contracts involving the provision of credit by the creditor; or

(ii)

consumer leases involving the leasing of goods by the lessor; or

(iii)

buy-back transactions.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 39(1)

Section 108(1)(a)(v): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 71(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 108(1A): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 71(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

109 Who may apply and nature of order

(1)

Any person (including the Commission) may apply to a District Court for an order under section 108.

(2)

An order under section 108

(a)

may be for a specified period of time or without any time limit, and may be made on any other terms and conditions that the District Court thinks fit; and

(b)

may be cancelled or varied at any time by the District Court.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 39(2), (3)

110 Costs

(1)

In any proceedings under section 108, the District Court may make an order for the payment by any party to the proceedings of the whole or any part of the full costs incurred in connection with the proceedings by any other party to the proceedings.

(2)

The costs so awarded are recoverable as a debt due by the party against whom they have been awarded to the party in whose favour they have been awarded.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 39(4)

Subpart 7—Application of Commerce Act 1986 and provisions relating to Commerce Commission

111 Role and functions of Commission under this Act

(1)

The role of the Commission under this Act is to promote compliance with this Act.

(2)

The functions of the Commission, in relation to this Act, are to—

(a)

monitor trade practices in credit markets, consumer lease markets, and buy-back transaction markets; and

(ab)

monitor the conduct of creditors and creditors’ agents in the exercise of their rights under Part 3A and under the relevant credit contract; and

(ac)

issue infringement notices for infringement offences; and

(b)

take prosecutions in relation to breaches of this Act; and

(c)

take civil proceedings under this Act (including proceedings under Part 5); and

(d)

make available appropriate information for the guidance of consumers, creditors, debtors, lessors, transferees, and other interested persons in relation to promoting compliance with this Act.

(3)

Nothing in this Act imposes on the Commission any duty or obligation to take any proceedings under this Act or to exercise any power conferred by this Act in respect of any particular person.

Section 111(2)(ab): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 72(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 111(2)(ac): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 72(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 111(2)(d): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 72(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

112 Commission’s rights to appear and adduce evidence

(1)

The Commission may appear and be heard, in person or by a barrister or solicitor, in any proceedings brought (in whole or in part) under this Act in a District Court, the High Court, the Court of Appeal, or the Supreme Court.

(2)

That right applies whether or not the Commission was a party to the proceeding at any earlier stage in the proceedings.

(3)

The Commission has the right to adduce evidence and the right to cross-examine witnesses if the Commission appears under this section, unless the proceedings are by way of appeal.

(4)

This section does not affect the court’s power to make any order (including any order as to costs).

Section 112(1): amended, on 1 January 2004, by section 48(1) of the Supreme Court Act 2003 (2003 No 53).

113 Application of Commerce Act 1986

The following provisions of the Commerce Act 1986 apply with all necessary modifications:

(a)

sections 15 to 17 (proceedings of the Commission):

(b)

section 90 (conduct by servants or agents):

(c)

section 98 (Commission may require person to supply information or documents or give evidence):

(d)

sections 98A and 98G (Commission’s powers of search and seizure):

(e)

section 99 (powers of Commission to take evidence):

(ea)

sections 99B to 99P (assistance to overseas regulators), as if—

(i)

references in those sections to competition law were references to consumer credit law; and

(ii)

references in those sections to the Minister were references to the Minister of Consumer Affairs:

(f)

section 100 (powers of Commission to prohibit disclosure of information, documents, and evidence):

(g)

section 100A (Commission may state case for opinion of High Court):

(h)

sections 101 (notices) and 102 (service of notices):

(i)

section 103 (offences):

(j)

section 104 (determinations of Commission):

(k)
[Repealed]

(l)

section 106 (proceedings privileged):

(m)

section 106A (judicial notice):

(n)

section 109 (Commission may prescribe forms).

Section 113(a): substituted, on 25 January 2005, by section 200 of the Crown Entities Act 2004 (2004 No 115).

Section 113(d): amended, on 1 October 2012, by section 314(2) of the Search and Surveillance Act 2012 (2012 No 24).

Section 113(ea): inserted, on 24 October 2012, by section 4 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance (International Co-operation) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 85).

Section 113(k): repealed, on 25 January 2005, by section 200 of the Crown Entities Act 2004 (2004 No 115).

114 Additional proceedings

Proceedings brought under this Act are in addition to any proceedings brought under any other Act.

115 Disposal of things seized

(1)

In any proceedings relating to any thing seized under warrant, the court may order, either at the trial or hearing or on an application, that the thing be delivered to the person appearing to the court to be entitled to it, or that it be otherwise disposed of in any manner that the court thinks fit.

(2)

The Commission may, at any time, unless an order has been made under subsection (1), return the thing to the person from whom it was seized, or apply to a District Court Judge for an order for its disposal.

(3)

On any application under subsection (2), the District Court Judge may make any order that a court may make under subsection (1).

(4)

If proceedings relating to the thing are not brought within a period of 3 months of its seizure, any person claiming to be entitled to the thing may, after the expiry of that period, apply to a District Court Judge for an order that it be delivered to him or her.

(5)

On any application under subsection (4), the District Court Judge may—

(a)

adjourn the application, on any terms that he or she thinks fit, for proceedings to be brought; or

(b)

make any order that a court may make under subsection (1).

116 Court order for disposal of things seized to be suspended on conviction

(1)

If any person is convicted in any proceedings for an offence relating to anything for which a warrant has been issued, and any order is made under section 115, the operation of the order is suspended,—

(a)

in any case, until the expiration of the time prescribed by the Criminal Procedure Act 2011 for the filing of a notice of appeal or an application for leave to appeal; and

(b)

if a notice of appeal is filed within the time so prescribed, until the determination of the appeal; and

(c)

if application for leave to appeal is filed within the time so prescribed, until the application is determined, and, if leave to appeal is granted, until the determination of the appeal.

(2)

If the operation of any order is suspended until the determination of the appeal, the court determining the appeal may, by order, cancel or vary the order.

Section 116(1)(a): amended, on 1 July 2013, by section 413 of the Criminal Procedure Act 2011 (2011 No 81).

Part 5 Reopening of oppressive credit contracts, consumer leases, and buy-back transactions

117 Application of Part

This Part applies to—

(a)

every credit contract (whether or not it is a consumer credit contract); and

(b)

every consumer lease; and

(c)

every buy-back transaction.

118 Meaning of oppressive

In this Act, oppressive means oppressive, harsh, unjustly burdensome, unconscionable, or in breach of reasonable standards of commercial practice.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 9

119 Collateral contracts and linked transactions

(1)

If a security interest or guarantee is or may be taken in connection with a credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction, the contract or arrangement that creates or provides for the security interest or guarantee is to be treated as forming part of the credit contract, lease, or transaction for the purposes of this Part.

(2)

If it is a term of a credit contract that another contract or arrangement be entered into, any part of that other contract or arrangement that relates to the provision of credit to, or the payment of money by, a debtor under the credit contract is to be treated as forming part of the credit contract for the purposes of this Part.

(3)

If it is a term of a consumer lease or buy-back transaction that another contract or arrangement be entered into, any part of that other contract or arrangement that relates to the payment of money by a lessee under the consumer lease or by an occupier under a buy-back transaction is to be treated as forming part of the consumer lease or transaction for the purposes of this Part.

Section 119(1): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 73 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

120 Reopening of credit contracts, consumer leases, and buy-back transactions

The court may reopen a credit contract, a consumer lease, or a buy-back transaction if, in any proceedings (whether or not brought under this Act), it considers that—

(a)

the contract, lease, or transaction is oppressive; or

(b)

a party has exercised, or intends to exercise, a right or power conferred by the contract, lease, or transaction in an oppressive manner; or

(c)

a party has induced another party to enter into the contract, lease, or transaction by oppressive means.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 10(1)

121 Refusal to agree to early termination, variation, or waiver

If a party refuses to agree to the early termination of a credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction, or to vary or waive any term of a credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction, or imposes conditions on that agreement, the party is deemed, for the purposes of this Act, to be exercising a right or power under the contract, lease, or transaction.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 10(2)

122 Reopening credit contracts involved in arrangement

(1)

The court may reopen all or any of the credit contracts involved in an arrangement if,—

(a)

with the knowledge of the creditor under a reopened credit contract,—

(i)

credit provided under the reopened credit contract is used (in whole or in part) to pay amounts owing under another credit contract or other credit contracts; or

(ii)

amounts owing under the reopened credit contract were paid from credit provided under another credit contract or other credit contracts; and

(b)

the creditors under the credit contracts are either the same person or related companies.

(2)

Subsection (1) applies whether or not the court considers that section 120(a) to (c) applies.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 10(3)

123 Time and circumstances relevant to reopening credit contracts, consumer leases, or buy-back transactions

A credit contract, a consumer lease, a buy-back transaction, a term of a credit contract, a consumer lease, or a buy-back transaction, or an act performed under, or in connection with, a credit contract, a consumer lease, or a buy-back transaction is not oppressive if the contract, lease, transaction, term, or act would not have been considered oppressive at the time, and in the circumstances, that it was made or performed.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 11(1)

124 Guidelines for reopening credit contracts, consumer leases, and buy-back transactions

(1)

In deciding whether section 120 applies and whether to reopen a credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction (an arrangement), the court must, to the extent that the following matters are applicable in the particular circumstances, have regard to:

(a)

all the circumstances relating to the making of the arrangement, or the exercise of any right or power conferred by the arrangement, or the inducement to enter into the arrangement; and

(b)

whether the creditor or transferee has, in relation to any aspect of the arrangement (including the creditor’s or transferee’s conduct in entering into the arrangement), complied with the lender responsibility principles (see section 9C(2)); and

(c)

the relative bargaining power of the parties; and

(d)

whether, taking account of the particular characteristics of the debtor, lessee, or occupier (for example, his or her age or physical or mental condition), that person, or the person’s representative, was reasonably able to protect that person’s interests; and

(e)

in the case of a credit contract, whether the contract is a consumer credit contract; and

(f)

whether, before entering into the arrangement, the debtor, lessee, or occupier obtained independent legal or other professional advice in relation to that arrangement; and

(g)

whether the creditor, lessor, or transferee, or any person acting in the interests of that person, subjected the debtor, lessee, or occupier to unfair pressure or tactics or otherwise unfairly influenced the debtor, lessee, or occupier to enter into the arrangement and, if so, the nature and extent of that unfair conduct; and

(h)

the terms of other arrangements under which the debtor, lessee, or occupier could have obtained the same or substantially similar credit, hired goods, or finance from a person other than the creditor, lessor, or transferee, including—

(i)

the costs of borrowing, costs of the lease, or costs of the buy-back transaction (as the case may be) under those other arrangements; and

(ii)

whether the arrangement under consideration imposes significantly more onerous terms on the debtor, lessee, or occupier than would be imposed under those other arrangements; and

(i)

the amount payable by the debtor, lessee, or occupier under the arrangement; and

(j)

the amount of any payment required as a condition of the full prepayment under the arrangement, including the creditor’s expenses and the likelihood that the amount repaid could be reinvested on similar terms; and

(k)

the form of the arrangement, including whether it is expressed in plain language in a clear, concise, and intelligible manner; and

(l)

whether the terms of the arrangement—

(i)

allow the debtor, lessee, or transferee to be reasonably able to comply with his or her obligations under the arrangement; and

(ii)

are reasonably necessary to protect the interests of the creditor, lessor, or transferee; and

(m)

the length of time the debtor, lessee, or occupier has had to remedy any default; and

(n)

if the creditor, lessor, or transferee has refused to release, or has agreed to release subject to conditions, a security interest relating to the arrangement, the obligations secured by the security interest and the extent of security that remains after the release or conditional release; and

(o)

whether action by the creditor, lessor, or transferee in relation to the enforcement of, or recovery under, the arrangement was lawful in the circumstances; and

(p)

any other matters that the court thinks fit.

(2)

If a guarantee is treated as forming part of the credit contract under section 119(1), the references to the debtor in subsection (1)(d), (f), (g), (i), and (l) must, in relation to the guarantee, be treated as including the guarantor.

Section 124: replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 74 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

125 When reopening proceedings may be commenced

(1)

Proceedings seeking the reopening of a credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction may be commenced in the court by the Commission, any party to the contract, lease, or transaction, or any guarantor under a guarantee relating to the credit contract, at any time earlier than,—

(a)

in the case of a buy-back transaction, 3 years after the due date for the performance of the last obligation required to be performed under the transaction; or

(b)

in the case of a contract or lease that is terminated by either party, 1 year after the date on which the contract or lease is terminated; or

(c)

in any other case, 1 year after the due date for the performance of the last obligation required to be performed under the contract or lease.

(2)

However, subsection (3) applies if,—

(a)

with the knowledge of the creditor under a credit contract,—

(i)

the credit provided under the contract is used (in whole or in part) to pay amounts owing under another credit contract or other credit contracts; or

(ii)

amounts owing under the contract were paid from credit provided under another credit contract or other credit contracts; and

(b)

the creditors under the credit contracts are either the same person or related companies.

(3)

Proceedings seeking the reopening of all or any of the credit contracts referred to in subsection (2) may be commenced at any time earlier than 1 year after the due date for the performance of the last obligation required to be performed under any of those contracts.

(4)

Proceedings seeking the reopening of a credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction may not be commenced at any other time.

(5)

The Commission may commence proceedings on behalf of a person or a class of persons.

(6)

This section applies despite any other enactment or rule of law.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 12

126 Evidence

(1)

If the court considers reopening a credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction under section 120(a), evidence regarding the terms on which credit was available from other persons, goods could be hired from other persons, or land could be sold to other persons at the time the contract, lease, or transaction was made is admissible in evidence.

(2)

If the court considers reopening a credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction under section 120(b), evidence regarding the exercise of the rights or powers by other persons at the time the right or power was exercised is admissible in evidence.

(3)

If the court considers reopening a credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction under section 120(c), evidence regarding the inducements offered by other persons at the time the inducement was offered is admissible in evidence.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 13

127 Power of court on reopening credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction

(1)

If the court reopens a credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction, it may make any orders that it thinks necessary to remedy the matters that caused the court to reopen the contract, lease, or transaction.

(2)

The court may—

(a)

order that an account be taken, and reopen any account already taken, for any transaction between the parties; or

(b)

vest in any party, or direct any party to transfer or assign to any other party or to deliver to any other party the possession of, the whole or any part of any property that is the subject of the credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction or that is the whole or part of the consideration for it; or

(c)

direct any party to pay to any other party any sum that the court thinks fit; or

(d)

order that any obligation outstanding under the credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction be extinguished, revised, altered, complied with, or performed; or

(e)

order that the credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction, or any term of the contract, lease, or transaction, or any security interest in connection with the contract, lease, or transaction, be set aside (in whole or in part) or revised or altered; or

(f)

if a party has parted with any property that is the subject of a security interest in connection with the credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction, order him or her to indemnify the other party or parties; or

(g)

direct any party to do or refrain from doing any act or thing in relation to any other party.

(3)

Subsection (2) does not limit subsection (1).

(4)

Any order may be made on any terms and conditions that the court thinks fit.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 14(1), (3)

128 Costs in consumer cases

(1)

In any proceedings under this Part, the court may, if it has reopened a consumer credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction, make an order for the payment by any party to the proceedings of the whole or any part of the full costs incurred in connection with the proceedings by any other party to the proceedings.

(2)

The costs so awarded are recoverable as a debt due by the party against whom they have been awarded to the party in whose favour they have been awarded.

(3)

This section is subject to section 87.

129 Persons who share in profits or have beneficial interest in reopened credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction

(1)

If it appears to the court that any person has shared in the profits of, or has any beneficial interest in (whether prospective or otherwise), a reopened credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction (whether or not the person is a party to the contract, lease, or transaction), the court may make any orders concerning that person that it thinks fit.

(2)

This section does not limit section 127.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 14(2)

130 Time of exercise of court’s powers

The powers of the court may be exercised whether or not—

(a)

the time for performance of any term of the credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction has arrived:

(b)

any statement or settlement of account relating to the credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction has been given:

(c)

any agreement purporting to end the credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction has been made:

(d)

any party has assigned any of the party’s rights under the credit contract, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 14(4)

131 No limit on sections 41, 80, and 82

Nothing in this Part limits section 41 or section 80 or section 82.

Part 6 Miscellaneous provisions

132 Provisions relating to assignment of credit contracts, consumer leases, or buy-back transactions

(1)

An assignee of a credit contract, a consumer lease, or a buy-back transaction from a creditor, a lessor, or a transferee takes the contract, lease, or transaction subject to all equities and to all rights and remedies under this Act that the debtor, the lessee, or the occupier has or would have against the original creditor, the original lessor, the original transferee, or any subsequent creditor, lessor, or transferee.

(2)

This section is subject to the Bills of Exchange Act 1908.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 42

133 Changes, deferrals, or postponements under credit contracts and consumer leases

(1)

The provision of credit as a result of a change to an existing credit contract, or a deferral of an amount payable under an existing credit contract, or a postponement relating to an existing credit contract, is not to be treated as creating a new credit contract for the purposes of this Act if the change, deferral, or postponement is made in accordance with this Act or the existing credit contract.

(2)

The provision of further goods under an existing consumer lease, or a change in a consumer lease as a result of a deferral of an amount payable under an existing consumer lease, or a postponement relating to an existing consumer lease, is not to be treated as creating a new consumer lease for the purposes of this Act or as creating a credit contract for the purposes of this Act if the provision of the further goods, change, deferral, or postponement is made in accordance with this Act or the existing consumer lease.

134 Right to set-off

(1)

A creditor, lessor, or transferee may set-off any entitlement of a debtor, guarantor, lessee, or occupier to statutory damages or to an amount that must be paid to a debtor, guarantor, lessee, or occupier under an order made under section 93 or 94A against any amount otherwise owing by the debtor, guarantor, lessee, or occupier to the creditor, lessor, or transferee.

(2)

Subsection (1) is subject to any order of the court.

Section 134(1): amended, on 6 June 2015, by section 75 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

135 No contracting out

(1)

This Act has effect despite any provision to the contrary in any credit contract, guarantee, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction.

(1A)

Section 56 of the Sale of Goods Act 1908 must be read as subject to this section.

(2)

Every creditor, lessor, or transferee commits an offence against section 13(i) of the Fair Trading Act 1986 who purports to contract out of any provision of this Act.

(3)

Subsection (1) does not limit or affect any term in a credit contract, guarantee, consumer lease, or buy-back transaction between a creditor, a lessor, or a transferee and a debtor, a guarantor, a lessee, or an occupier to the extent that the term—

(a)

imposes a stricter duty on the creditor, the lessor, or the transferee than that imposed by this Act; or

(b)

provides a remedy more advantageous to the debtor, guarantor, lessee, or occupier than the remedies provided by this Act.

(4)

Subsection (1) does not prevent a debtor, guarantor, lessee, or occupier who has a claim under this Act from agreeing to settle or compromise that claim.

Compare: 1993 No 91 s 43

Section 135(1A): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 76 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

136 Application of law relating to illegal contracts

The fact that a credit contract, a consumer lease, or a buy-back transaction has been entered into in breach of this Act, or that an act that breaches this Act has been committed in the course of the performance of any contract, lease, or transaction, does not—

(a)

make that contract, lease, or transaction illegal; or

(b)

make that contract, lease, or transaction or any provision of that contract, lease, or transaction unenforceable or of no effect, except as expressly provided in this Act.

Compare: 1981 No 27 s 44

137 Conflict of laws

This Act applies to a credit contract, guarantee, lease, or buy-back transaction if the contract, guarantee, lease, or transaction—

(a)

is governed by the law of New Zealand; or

(b)

would be governed by the law of New Zealand but for a choice of law provision in the contract, guarantee, lease, or transaction.

Regulations

138 Regulations

(1)

The Governor-General may, by Order in Council, make regulations for all or any of the following purposes:

(a)

prescribing any class of credit contract that is exempted from being a consumer credit contract and the terms and conditions (if any) applying to the exemption:

(ab)

exempting any credit contract or other agreement or class of credit contract or other agreement from the application of any provision or provisions of this Act, and prescribing the terms and conditions (if any) of the exemption:

(ac)

prescribing matters for the purposes of section 19(1)(i), including what warning and other information must be contained, how the warning and information must be presented, how amounts or other matters are calculated or determined, and the circumstances (if any) in which the warning or information is not required:

(b)

prescribing any other information that must be disclosed under section 22 or section 23 or section 26:

(c)

prescribing, for the purposes of section 23 or section 26, any alternative publication requirements in relation to disclosing a change to the amount of an interest rate or a change to the amount of any fee or charge payable:

(d)

prescribing any class of change to a matter to which section 23(5) applies:

(da)

prescribing circumstances for the purposes of section 26A(3):

(db)

prescribing matters for the purposes of section 32(1)(ba), including prescribing—

(i)

1 or more forms:

(ii)

when a form must be used:

(iii)

information or warnings that must be included in the form that are in addition to the key information set out in Schedule 1 or other information required by this Act:

(dc)

prescribing the particular matters required to meet all or any of the requirements under this Act for publication, disclosure, notice, or other provision of information:

(dd)

prescribing the form of statements that must be used to meet all or any of the requirements under this Act for publication, disclosure, notice, or other provision of information:

(de)

prescribing how the information to be disclosed must be presented, including, but not limited to, requirements as to the precise manner of disclosure:

(e)

prescribing model disclosure statements for the purposes of section 34 that comply with section 32, and the terms and conditions on which the model disclosure statements may be used:

(f)

prescribing, for the purposes of section 33, the assumptions that may be made when disclosing information that is required to be disclosed under this Act and the terms and conditions (if any) that apply to those assumptions:

(g)

prescribing a procedure or procedures for calculating a reasonable estimate of a creditor’s loss arising from full prepayment:

(h)

prescribing, for the purposes of section 52, the procedure for calculating a proportionate rebate of any premium paid for any consumer credit insurance product financed under a consumer credit contract:

(ha)

prescribing, for the purposes of section 52A or 52B, the procedure for calculating a proportionate rebate of any additional consideration paid for a repayment waiver or extended warranty:

(i)

prescribing the procedure for determining the maximum amount payable by a lessee on the termination of a consumer lease before the end of its term:

(j)

prescribing the form of the certificate that must be given under section 73:

(ja)

prescribing consumer goods or documents for the purposes of section 83ZN(1)(c):

(k)

prescribing, for the purposes of Schedule 1, any other information or warnings as key information concerning a consumer credit contract:

(l)

prescribing, for the purposes of Schedule 2, any other information or warnings as information concerning a consumer lease:

(m)

prescribing, for the purposes of Schedule 3, any other information or warnings as information concerning a buy-back transaction:

(n)

providing for any other matters contemplated by this Act, necessary for its administration, or necessary for giving it full effect.

(1A)

Regulations may be made under subsection (1)(a) or (ab) only on the recommendation of the Minister, and the Minister may make a recommendation only if he or she—

(a)

has had regard to the purposes of this Act set out in section 3; and

(b)

is satisfied that the exemption would not cause significant detriment to debtors under credit contracts, lessees under consumer leases, or occupiers under buy-back transactions; and

(c)

is satisfied, in the case of—

(i)

subsection (1)(a), that compliance with the provisions of this Act relating to consumer credit contracts would, in the circumstances, require a creditor or a class of creditors to comply with requirements that are unduly onerous or burdensome:

(ii)

subsection (1)(ab), that compliance with the relevant provision or provisions would, in the circumstances, require a creditor, lessor, or transferee or a class of creditors, lessors, or transferees to comply with requirements that are unduly onerous or burdensome.

(1B)

If the Minister makes a recommendation under subsection (1A) relating to an exemption in regulations made under subsection (1)(a) or (ab), the Minister’s reasons for making the recommendation (including why the exemption is appropriate) must be published together with the regulations.

(1C)

Regulations may be made under subsection (1)(da) only on the recommendation of the Minister, and the Minister may make a recommendation only if he or she is satisfied that the circumstances that are prescribed relate to a securitisation or covered bond arrangement or any similar arrangement.

(1D)

For the purposes of subsection (1)(db) to (de), regulations may prescribe different requirements for different types or classes of disclosure, persons who are required to make disclosure, contracts, leases, transactions, or other circumstances.

(2)

For the purposes of subsection (1)(e), regulations may—

(a)

prescribe model disclosure statements in any language; and

(b)

authorise the translation of a prescribed model disclosure statement into 1 or more languages and the terms and conditions that apply to the translation.

(3)

Without limiting subsection (1)(f), regulations may prescribe assumptions for the purposes of section 33 that relate to—

(a)

the amount of any advance, interest rate, fee, charge, or payment; and

(b)

whether or not at any time there will be a change to the amount of any advance, interest rate, fee, charge, or payment; and

(c)

when any advance or payment will be made or will become payable; and

(d)

when any interest charge, fee, or other charge will be paid or become payable; and

(e)

the actions or behaviour of any person.

Section 138(1)(ab): inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 138(1)(ac): inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 138(1)(d): replaced, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 138(1)(da): inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 138(1)(db): inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 138(1)(dc): inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 138(1)(dd): inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 138(1)(de): inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 138(1)(e): amended, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(4) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 138(1)(ha): inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(5) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 138(1)(ja): inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(6) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 138(1A): inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 138(1B): inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 138(1C): inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Section 138(1D): inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 77(7) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Acts amended and repealed

139 Acts amended

The Acts specified in Schedule 4 are amended in the manner indicated in that schedule.

140 Repeal of Credit Contracts Act 1981 and Hire Purchase Act 1971

The following enactments are repealed:

(a)

Credit Contracts Act 1981 (1981 No 27):

(b)

Hire Purchase Act 1971 (1971 No 147).

Transitional provisions

141 Transitional provision

(1)

This Act applies to every credit contract, consumer lease, and guarantee that is made after the commencement of this subsection.

(2)

This Act applies to every buy-back transaction, whether made before or after the commencement of this subsection.

(3)

However, subpart 3 of Part 3 does not apply to a buy-back transaction made before the commencement of this subsection.

141A Application, savings, and transitional provisions relating to amendments to Act

The application, savings, and transitional provisions set out in Schedule 1AA, which relate to amendments made to this Act after 1 January 2014, have effect for the purposes of this Act.

Section 141A: inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 78 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

142 Election for Act to apply

(1)

A creditor under a credit contract made before the commencement of this section may, after the commencement of this section, elect that this Act apply to the credit contract and any guarantee made in connection with the credit contract from a particular date (the effective date).

(2)

A creditor must not make an election under subsection (1) if that election increases any obligation that the debtor has in connection with the credit contract.

(3)

The effective date must be a date after the date that the election is made.

(4)

If a creditor makes an election under subsection (1),—

(a)

the Credit Contracts Act 1981 and the Hire Purchase Act 1971 do not apply to the credit contract or the guarantee from the effective date; and

(b)

the creditor must, within 5 working days of the day that the election is made, notify the debtor or guarantor in writing—

(i)

that the creditor has made an election under this section; and

(ii)

that this Act applies to the credit contract or guarantee from the effective date; and

(c)

the election does not affect the completion of a matter or thing, or the bringing or completion of proceedings that relate to a right, interest, title, immunity, or duty that existed immediately before the election takes effect; and

(d)

the Credit Contracts Act 1981 and the Hire Purchase Act 1971 continue to have effect as if the election had not been made for the purpose of completing the matter or thing or the bringing or completion of proceedings that relate to a right, interest, title, immunity, or duty that existed immediately before the election takes effect.

143 Continuing application of Credit Contracts Act 1981 and Hire Purchase Act 1971

(1)

If this Act does not apply to a credit contract, hire purchase agreement, or guarantee made before the commencement of this section, or to any act, omission, right, interest, title, immunity, or duty in connection with that contract, agreement, or guarantee, then the Credit Contracts Act 1981 and the Hire Purchase Act 1971 continue to apply to the contract, agreement, or guarantee or to the act, omission, right, interest, title, immunity, or duty as if they were still in force.

(2)

For the purposes of subsection (1), Part 2 of Schedule 1 of the Disputes Tribunals Act 1988 is to be read as if it includes references to the Credit Contracts Act 1981 and the Hire Purchase Act 1971.

(2A)

The references in subsection (1) to the Credit Contracts Act 1981 and the Hire Purchase Act 1971 are references to those Acts as in force immediately before the commencement of this section, except that references in section 45A of the Credit Contracts Act 1981 and section 47A of the Hire Purchase Act 1971 to $7,500 and $12,000 must be treated as references to $15,000 and $20,000 respectively.

(3)

In this section,—

credit contract has the same meaning as in the Credit Contracts Act 1981 (as in force immediately before the commencement of this section)

hire purchase agreement has the same meaning as in the Hire Purchase Act 1971 (as in force immediately before the commencement of this section).

Section 143(1): amended, on 1 August 2009, by section 8 of the Disputes Tribunals Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 22).

Section 143(2A): inserted, on 1 August 2009, by section 8 of the Disputes Tribunals Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 22).

Schedule 1AA Application, savings, and transitional provisions relating to amendments made to this Act after 1 January 2014

ss 8B, 141A

Schedule 1AA: inserted, on 7 June 2014, by section 79 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

1 Interpretation

Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014

2 Minister may prepare Responsible Lending Code before commencement of Part 1A

(1)

The Minister may exercise or perform a power or duty under sections 9G to 9I (as inserted by the 2014 Act) before section 9 of the 2014 Act comes into force.

(2)

Any consultation undertaken before section 9 of the 2014 Act comes into force that is of the kind referred to in section 9G(2)(b) or (e) must be treated as the consultation required for the purposes of that section (even if the consultation occurs before the enactment of the 2014 Act).

(3)

The Minister must ensure that the Responsible Lending Code first comes into force no later than 12 months after the date on which the 2014 Act receives the Royal assent.

3 Application of amendments to existing agreements

(1)

Except as provided for in subclauses (2) and (3),—

(a)

the amendments to the principal Act in the 2014 Act do not apply to existing agreements; and

(b)

the principal Act and the Credit (Repossession) Act 1997, as in force immediately before the commencement of this clause, continue to apply for the purposes of those agreements.

(2)

The amendments referred to in subclause (1) apply in relation to existing agreements as follows:

(a)

the amendments made by section 20 of the 2014 Act (request disclosure) apply only in relation to requests made on or after the commencement of that section:

(b)

the amendments made by sections 18, 19, 44, and 47 of the 2014 Act (variation disclosure) apply only to variations that take effect on or after the commencement of those sections:

(c)

the amendments made by section 16 of the 2014 Act (continuing disclosure statements) apply only to continuing disclosure statements that are, or required to be, given or sent on or after the commencement of that section:

(d)

the amendments made by section 22 of the 2014 Act (disclosure of transfers) apply only to transfers that take effect on or after the commencement of that section:

(e)

the amendments made by sections 37 to 41 of the 2014 Act (hardship applications) apply only to applications made on or after the commencement of those sections:

(f)

the lender responsibility principles (see section 9C(2) of the principal Act, as inserted by section 9 of the 2014 Act) apply only to the following:

(i)

a variation of a contract where the variation takes effect on or after the commencement of section 9 of the 2014 Act:

(ii)

an application under section 55 of the principal Act made on or after the commencement of section 9 of the 2014 Act.

(3)

If a provision of the principal Act as amended or inserted by the 2014 Act applies in relation to an existing agreement under subclause (2), sections 93 and 96 of the principal Act (as amended by sections 59 and 63 of the 2014 Act) apply to a breach of that provision in relation to the existing agreement if the breach occurs on or after the commencement of this clause.

(4)

In this clause, existing agreement means any credit contract, security agreement, lease, buy-back transaction, or other contract or arrangement—

(a)

to which the principal Act or the Credit (Repossession) Act 1997 (as in force before this clause came into force) applies; and

(b)

that was entered into before this clause came into force.

Schedule 1AA clause 3: brought into force, on 6 June 2015, by section 79 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Schedule 1 Key information concerning consumer credit contract

s 17

The following information is the key information concerning a consumer credit contract as is applicable:

Full name and address of creditor

(a)

the full name and full address of the creditor:

(aa)

the trading name of the creditor (if different from its full name specified under paragraph (a)):

Initial unpaid balance

(b)

the unpaid balance as at the date that is specified in the disclosure statement as the effective date of the statement, accounting for every payment made by the debtor on or before that date:

(c)

the amount and a description of each advance, charge, or payment accounted for in the unpaid balance disclosed under paragraph (b):

Subsequent advance

(d)

the amount, a description, and timing of each advance to be made after the effective date of the disclosure statement, if ascertainable:

Total advances

(e)

the total of all advances made or to be made in connection with the contract, if ascertainable:

Credit limit

(f)

the credit limit:

Annual interest rate

(g)

the annual interest rate or rates under the contract (with the rate or rates being expressed in terms of a percentage):

(h)

if there is more than 1 rate, how each rate applies:

(i)

if an annual interest rate is fixed for the term or any part of the term of the contract, the period during which the annual interest rate is fixed:

(j)

if an annual interest rate is determined by referring to a base rate, particulars that describe how the annual interest rate is determined, including—

(i)

the name of the base rate or a description of it; and

(ii)

the margin or margins (if any) above or below the base rate to be applied to determine the annual interest rate; and

(iii)

where and when the base rate is published or, if it is not published, how the debtor may ascertain the rate; and

(iv)

the current annual interest rate or rates:

Method of charging interest

(k)

the method of calculating interest charges payable under the contract and the frequency with which interest charges are debited under the contract:

Total interest charges

(l)

the total amount of interest charges payable under the contract, if ascertainable (but only if the contract would, on the assumptions prescribed by regulations, be paid out within 7 years of the date on which credit is first provided under the contract):

Interest free period

(m)

if the contract involves an interest free period, the following particulars:

(i)

the length of the interest free period:

(ii)

when interest will begin to accrue:

Credit fees and charges

(n)

a description of the credit fees and charges (other than interest charges) that are, or may become, payable under the contract (unless the fee or charge is disclosed under paragraph (c)), including—

(i)

when each fee or charge is payable, if ascertainable; and

(ii)

the amount of each fee or charge if ascertainable, but, if not, the method of calculation of the fee or charge:

Payments required

(o)

if more than 1 payment is to be made—

(i)

the amount of the payments or the method of calculating the amount; and

(ii)

if ascertainable, the number of the payments; and

(iii)

if ascertainable, the total amount of the payments (but only if the contract would, on the assumptions prescribed by regulations, be paid out within 7 years of the date on which credit is first provided under the contract); and

(iv)

when the first payment is due, if ascertainable, and the frequency of payments:

Full prepayment

(p)

how the reasonable estimate of the creditor’s loss on full prepayment is calculated and whether a statutory procedure prescribed in regulations is used:

Security interest

(q)

a description of any security interest that is or may be taken in connection with the contract, including a clear explanation of—

(i)

the nature of the security interest; and

(ii)

the property that is, or is proposed to be, subject to the security interest; and

(iii)

the extent to which the debtor’s obligations to the creditor are secured by the security interest, including whether, if the creditor’s rights under the security were to be exercised, the debtor would, or may, remain indebted to the creditor (if there is a shortfall in the proceeds of the sale of the property that is subject to the security interest); and

(iv)

what the consequences would be if the debtor were to give a security interest over the property referred to in subparagraph (ii) to a person other than the creditor and, as a result, the debtor were to be in breach of the contract, including whether the property that would be subject to the security interest would be liable to repossession:

Disabling devices

(qa)

whether a disabling device is to be attached to consumer goods that are subject to a security interest referred to in paragraph (q) and, if so, a clear description of—

(i)

how the device functions; and

(ii)

when the device might be activated; and

(iii)

how, if the consumer goods are required in an emergency situation, the debtor may obtain the use of the goods:

Default interest charges and default fees

(r)

particulars that describe any default interest charges and default fees that may be payable under the contract including how and when default interest charges and default fees would become payable:

Debtor’s right to cancel

(s)

a statement of the debtor’s cancellation rights under section 27:

Debtor’s right to apply for relief on grounds of unforeseen hardship

(sa)

a statement of the debtor’s right under section 55, and advice as to how an application under that section may be made:

Continuing disclosure statements

(t)

the frequency with which continuing disclosure statements will be provided (assuming that section 21 does not apply):

Consent to electronic communications

(u)

if the creditor consents to receive notices or other communications from the debtor in electronic form, whether by means of an electronic communication or otherwise, a statement to that effect:

Dispute resolution

(ua)

the name and contact details of the dispute resolution scheme of which the creditor is a member (unless the Financial Service Providers (Registration and Dispute Resolution) Act 2008 does not require the creditor to be a member of such a scheme):

Registration under Financial Service Providers (Registration and Dispute Resolution) Act 2008

(ub)

the creditor’s registration number under the register of financial service providers:

(uc)

the name under which the creditor is registered on that register:

Other items

(v)

any other information or warnings prescribed by the regulations to be information that is key information concerning a credit contract.

Schedule 1 paragraph (aa): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 80(1) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Schedule 1 paragraph (q): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 80(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Schedule 1 paragraph (qa) heading: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 80(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Schedule 1 paragraph (qa): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 80(2) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Schedule 1 paragraph (s): replaced, on 6 June 2015, by section 80(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Schedule 1 paragraph (sa) heading: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 80(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Schedule 1 paragraph (sa): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 80(3) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Schedule 1 paragraph (ua) heading: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 80(4) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Schedule 1 paragraph (ua): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 80(4) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Schedule 1 paragraph (ub) heading: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 80(4) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Schedule 1 paragraph (ub): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 80(4) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Schedule 1 paragraph (uc): inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 80(4) of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

Schedule 2 Information concerning consumer lease

s 64

The following is information concerning a consumer lease as is applicable:

Full name and address of lessor

(a)

the full name and full address of the lessor:

Nature of lease

(b)

the fact that the lease is a consumer lease under this Act:

Term of lease

(c)

the term of the lease:

Cash price

(d)

the cash price of the goods leased:

Option to purchase goods

(e)

whether the lessee has an option to purchase the goods and if so, the amount payable to exercise the option or the method of calculating that amount:

Payments required

(f)

the amount, timing, and number of payments to be made under the lease:

Amount paid at commencement

(g)

any amount or consideration that must be paid or provided before or at the commencement of the term of the lease or before the lessee takes possession of the goods:

Total amount payable

(h)

the total amount payable by the lessee under the lease, if ascertainable:

Conditions of termination

(i)

a statement of the conditions on which the lessee may terminate the lease, including how any amount payable on the termination of the lease is calculated:

Services financed under lease

(j)

particulars of any services that in substance are financed under the lease:

Default fees or charges

(k)

the fees or charges that are payable on a breach of the lease by the lessee or on the enforcement of the lease by the lessor:

Other items

(l)

any other information or warnings prescribed by the regulations to be information concerning a consumer lease.

Schedule 3 Information concerning buy-back transactions of land

s 72

The following is information concerning a buy-back transaction as is applicable:

Full name and address of transferee

(a)

the full name and full address of the transferee:

Amounts paid or provided to, or for benefit of, occupier

(b)

the amount, a description, and timing of each of the following, if ascertainable:

(i)

the money provided to the occupier or to another person to the order of the occupier in connection with the buy-back transaction:

(ii)

the payment, discharge, or consolidation of a pre-existing monetary obligation of the occupier in connection with the buy-back transaction:

Total of amounts paid or provided to, or for benefit of, occupier

(c)

the total of all of the amounts described in paragraph (b), if ascertainable:

Right to occupy

(d)

particulars of the right to occupy the whole or any part of the land, including—

(i)

the date of the agreement that confers the right to occupy the land; and

(ii)

the date of commencement of the right to occupy the land (if that is different from the date of the agreement that confers the right); and

(iii)

the transferee’s address for service; and

(iv)

the amount of any bond; and

(v)

the rent (if any) that is payable; and

(vi)

the frequency and amount of any rent payments; and

(vii)

the place or bank account number where any rent is to be paid; and

(viii)

a statement (if applicable) that the occupier must pay any fee or other charge for services rendered by any solicitor or real estate agent relating to the right to occupy; and

(ix)

a statement (if applicable) that the occupier must pay for any metered water provided to the land; and

(x)

a list of any goods provided by the transferee; and

(xi)

if the right to occupy is for a fixed term, the date on which the right to occupy will terminate:

Right or understanding to repurchase land

(e)

the terms of the right or understanding to repurchase the land (other than terms implied by law), including the purchase price or the method of calculating that amount:

Fees and charges

(f)

a description of the fees and charges that are, or may become, payable under the transaction, including—

(i)

when each fee or charge is payable, if ascertainable; and

(ii)

the amount of each fee or charge if ascertainable, but, if not, the method of calculation of the fee or charge:

Payments required

(g)

if more than 1 payment is to be made under the transaction by the occupier,—

(i)

the amount of the payments or the method of calculating the amount; and

(ii)

if ascertainable, the number of the payments; and

(iii)

if ascertainable, the total amount of the payments; and

(iv)

when the first payment is due, if ascertainable, and the frequency of payments:

Buy-back default fees

(h)

particulars that describe any buy-back default fees that may be payable under the transaction, including how and when buy-back default fees would become payable:

Consent to electronic communications

(i)

if the transferee consents to receive notices or other communications from the occupier in electronic form, whether by means of an electronic communication or otherwise, a statement to that effect:

Other items

(j)

any other information or warnings prescribed by the regulations to be information that is information concerning a buy-back transaction.

Schedule 3A Key information concerning repossession warning notice

s 83G(3)(b)

Schedule 3A: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 81 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

The following information is the key information concerning a credit contract as is applicable:

(a)

the full name and address of the debtor and address from which goods will be repossessed:

(b)

the full name and contact details of the creditor:

(c)

the date of the credit contract:

(d)

the nature and amount of default under the credit contract:

(e)

if the default is capable of being remedied, a statement—

(i)

that the debtor must, within a time specified in the statement (being at least 15 days after the notice is served on the debtor), remedy the default; and

(ii)

about how the default must be remedied; and

(iii)

that if the debtor does not comply with requirements relating to remedying the default, the creditor intends to repossess the goods specified in the notice:

(f)

if the default is not capable of being remedied, a statement that the creditor intends to repossess the goods specified in the notice on or after a specified date (being a date not less than 15 days after the notice is served on the debtor):

(g)

sufficient information to enable the identification of the goods to be repossessed:

(h)

a statement—

(i)

informing the debtor that the debtor has the right to voluntarily deliver the goods specified in the repossession warning notice to the creditor, and that the process and rules after the delivery of those goods will be in accordance with the process and rules that apply after a repossession; and

(ii)

specifying a reasonable place to which the debtor may voluntarily deliver the goods for the purposes of exercising that right:

(i)

a checklist of the conditions that must be met before a creditor has the right to repossess goods, or has the authority to enter premises to repossess those goods, including,—

(i)

in relation to a right to repossess goods,—

(A)

that there is a credit contract that provides that the creditor has a security interest in the goods to be repossessed; and

(B)

that credit contract—

  • specifically identifies those goods; and

  • gives the creditor the right to enter the debtor’s premises and to repossess those goods; and

(C)

that the debtor is in default; and

(D)

that a repossession warning notice must have been served on the debtor at least 15 days before the repossession occurs:

(ii)

in relation to an authority to enter premises to repossess goods,—

(A)

that the person carrying out the repossession is licensed or holds a certificate of approval and, if a creditor’s agent is undertaking the repossession, that that person has the authority to repossess the goods on behalf of the creditor; and

(B)

if the person carrying out the repossession is entering premises outside the hours between 6 am and 9 pm or on a Sunday or a public holiday, the creditor has the prior written consent of the debtor to do so:

(j)

the expiry date of the notice (see section 83G(4)) and a statement that the notice is of no effect after that date:

(k)

details about the debtor’s right to seek relief in circumstances of unforeseen hardship:

(l)

details about what the debtor needs to do if he or she disputes some aspect of the proposed repossession, including—

(i)

details about the dispute resolution process; and

(ii)

that, if a written complaint has been made, repossession may not proceed until that complaint has been resolved; and

(iii)

the contact details of the dispute resolution scheme of which the creditor is a member:

(m)

where a repossession warning notice is sent to a guarantor, advice to the guarantor that—

(i)

the notice is being sent to the guarantor in his or her capacity as guarantor of the named debtor; and

(ii)

the guarantor has rights in relation to the proposed repossession, details of those rights, and what the guarantor may do to protect his or her position.

Schedule 3B Key information concerning post-repossession notice

s 83V(2)(b)

Schedule 3B: inserted, on 6 June 2015, by section 81 of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33).

The following information is the key information concerning a credit contract as is applicable:

(a)

the full name and address of the debtor:

(b)

the full name and contact details of the creditor:

(c)

the date of the credit contract:

(d)

the date of the repossession:

(e)

a list of the goods repossessed:

(f)

the creditor’s estimate of the value of the goods repossessed:

(g)

a statement of what it means to reinstate the credit contract or to settle the credit contract (including a brief description of the consequences of reinstating or settling the credit contract):

(h)

a statement informing the debtor that the debtor may reinstate or settle the contract, and what the debtor must do to reinstate or settle the contract, including,—

(i)

in relation to the reinstatement of the contract,—

(A)

the creditor’s estimate of the total amount required to be paid to reinstate the contract; and

(B)

details of how that total is reached, including the amount of arrears in payments of the instalments due (including interest charges, credit fees, and default fees), and a breakdown of the costs referred to in section 83ZB(2):

(ii)

in relation to the settlement of the contract,—

(A)

the creditor’s estimate of the total amount required to be paid to settle that contract and the amounts that may comprise that total; and

(B)

details of how that total amount is reached, including the balance of the advance outstanding (together with interest charges, credit fees, and default fees payable under the contract), and a breakdown of the costs referred to in section 83ZE(2); and

(C)

the obligations that the debtor must fulfil to settle the contract:

(i)

a statement setting out that, if the contract is not reinstated or settled,—

(i)

the repossessed goods will be sold; and

(ii)

in that case, the debtor will be—

(A)

liable for the difference between the debtor’s liability and the net proceeds of the sale of the goods; or

(B)

if the net proceeds of the sale of the goods are more than enough to cover the liability, entitled to a refund:

(j)

a statement that the repossessed goods may not be sold until after the expiry of 15 days from the date of service of the notice on the debtor (unless the debtor consents to an earlier sale or requires the creditor to offer the goods for sale within the 15 days):

(k)

details about the debtor’s right to seek relief in circumstances of unforeseen hardship:

(l)

a statement that—

(i)

the debtor is entitled, at any time after the creditor repossesses the goods but before the creditor sells or agrees to sell the goods, to obtain a valuation of the goods at the debtor’s expense; and

(ii)

the creditor must give the debtor or the debtor’s valuer access to the goods to enable the valuation to be completed:

(m)

a statement that—

(i)

the debtor has a right at any time before the creditor sells or agrees to sell the consumer goods, to require the creditor to sell the goods to a person introduced by the debtor, being a person who is prepared to purchase the goods for cash at a price not less than the estimated value of the goods specified under paragraph (f); and

(ii)

if the debtor exercises that right, the debtor must give to the creditor a written notice of the exercise of the right that is signed by the debtor or the debtor’s agent:

(n)

a statement that—

(i)

if the goods have not been sold within 30 working days after the date of the repossession, the debtor is entitled to require the creditor to put the goods up for sale by auction; and

(ii)

if the debtor exercises that right, the debtor must require the sale by a written notice to the creditor that is signed by the debtor or the debtor’s agent:

(o)

where a post-repossession notice is sent to a guarantor, advice to the guarantor that—

(i)

the notice is being sent to the guarantor in his or her capacity as guarantor of the named debtor; and

(ii)

the guarantor has rights in relation to the repossession, details of those rights, and what the guarantor may do to protect his or her position.

Schedule 4 Acts amended

s 139

Administration Act 1969 (1969 No 52)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Bills of Exchange Act 1908 (1908 No 15)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Consumer Guarantees Act 1993 (1993 No 91)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Contractual Remedies Act 1979 (1979 No 11)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Credit (Repossession) Act 1997 (1997 No 85)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Department of Justice (Restructuring) Act 1995 (1995 No 39)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Disputes Tribunals Act 1988 (1988 No 110)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Disputes Tribunals Amendment Act 1998 (1998 No 84)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

District Courts Amendment Act 1979 (1979 No 125)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

District Courts Amendment Act 1991 (1991 No 61)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Door to Door Sales Act 1967 (1967 No 126)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Fencing of Swimming Pools Act 1987 (1987 No 178)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Finance Act 1941 (1941 No 4)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Finance Act 1986 (1986 No 134)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Goods and Services Tax Act 1985 (1985 No 141)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Income Tax Act 1994 (1994 No 164)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Insolvency Act 1967 (1967 No 54)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Layby Sales Act 1971 (1971 No 80)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Motor Vehicle Dealers Act 1975 (1975 No 127)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Motor Vehicle Sales Act 2003 (2003 No 12)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Sentencing Act 2002 (2002 No 9)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Social Security Act 1964 (1964 No 136)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Superannuation Schemes Act 1989 (1989 No 10)

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Reprints notes
1 General

This is a reprint of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Act 2003 that incorporates all the amendments to that Act as at the date of the last amendment to it.

2 Legal status

Reprints are presumed to correctly state, as at the date of the reprint, the law enacted by the principal enactment and by any amendments to that enactment. Section 18 of the Legislation Act 2012 provides that this reprint, published in electronic form, has the status of an official version under section 17 of that Act. A printed version of the reprint produced directly from this official electronic version also has official status.

3 Editorial and format changes

Editorial and format changes to reprints are made using the powers under sections 24 to 26 of the Legislation Act 2012. See also http://www.pco.parliament.govt.nz/editorial-conventions/.

4 Amendments incorporated in this reprint

Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Amendment Act 2014 (2014 No 33)

Holidays (Full Recognition of Waitangi Day and ANZAC Day) Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 19): section 8

Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance (International Co-operation) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 85)

Search and Surveillance Act 2012 (2012 No 24): section 314

Criminal Procedure Act 2011 (2011 No 81): section 413

Student Loan Scheme Act 2011 (2011 No 62): sections 222, 223

Disputes Tribunals Amendment Act 2009 (2009 No 22): section 8

Property Law Act 2007 (2007 No 91): section 364(1)

Lawyers and Conveyancers Act 2006 (2006 No 1): section 348

Overseas Investment Act 2005 (2005 No 82): section 75

Relationships (Statutory References) Act 2005 (2005 No 3): section 7

Crown Entities Act 2004 (2004 No 115): section 200

Supreme Court Act 2003 (2003 No 53): section 48(1)