Sleepover Wages (Settlement) Act 2011

Reprint as at 19 October 2016

Coat of Arms of New Zealand

Sleepover Wages (Settlement) Act 2011

Public Act
 
2011 No 98
Date of assent
 
17 October 2011
Commencement
 
see section 2

Sleepover Wages (Settlement) Act 2011: expired, on the close of 18 October 2016, by section 7(1).

Note

Changes authorised by subpart 2 of Part 2 of the Legislation Act 2012 have been made in this official reprint.

Note 4 at the end of this reprint provides a list of the amendments incorporated.

This Act is administered by the Ministry of Health.

Contents

1Title
2Commencement
3Purposes
4Interpretation
5Act binds the Crown
6Relationship between this Act and other law
7Expiry
8Application of this subpart
9Certain claims for sleepover wages by employees of Idea Services and Timata Hou extinguished
10Certain claims for sleepover wages by employees of other employers in health and disability sector extinguished
11Effect of this subpart on other civil proceedings
12Application of this subpart
13Effect of this subpart on civil proceedings
14Entitlement of current employees
15Entitlement of recent employees
16Entitlement of historic employees
17Entitlements may be several
18Disentitlement to back wages for other sleepovers
19Calculation of back wages
20When back wages must be paid
21Entitlement of employees to specified amount for sleepover performed immediately before commencement of this Act
22Entitlement to be paid minimum hourly rates for sleepovers performed after commencement of this Act
23Definitions for sections 24 to 28
24Power to extend subparts 1 and 2 to other employers and other employers’ employees by Order in Council
25Modifications or extensions to subpart 1
26Modifications or extensions to subpart 2
27Limitations on modifications or extensions to subparts 1 and 2 if settlement cannot be reached
28Limitations on modifications or extensions to subparts 1 and 2 in relation to health and disability sector
29Application of Legislation Act 2012
30Access to mediation services or Employment Relations Authority
31Application of Employment Relations Act 2000
32Enforcement of orders and judgments
33Penalty for non-compliance
34Savings
Reprint notes

The Parliament of New Zealand enacts as follows:

 
1 Title

This Act is the Sleepover Wages (Settlement) Act 2011.

2 Commencement

This Act comes into force on the day after the date on which it receives the Royal assent.

Part 1 Preliminary provisions

3 Purposes

(1)

The purposes of this Act are—

(a)

to facilitate the settlement of civil proceedings between certain parties about the payment of wages at the minimum rate prescribed under the Minimum Wage Act 1983 to employees who are allowed by their employer to sleep overnight at their workplace while on duty; and

(b)

to provide for a staged progression towards full compliance with the Minimum Wage Act 1983 in respect of the wages payable to certain employees who perform sleepovers; and

(c)

to provide a mechanism for extending the application of subparts 1 and 2 of Part 2 to other employers that are funded through a Vote and to those employers’ employees to enable, among other things, disputes that involve the same, or substantially the same, issue as that described in paragraph (a) to be settled.

(2)

To those ends, this Act—

(a)

gives legal effect to certain aspects of the terms of the settlement of the parties referred to in subsection (1)(a); and

(b)

extinguishes certain claims for sleepover wages in respect of sleepovers performed before the commencement of this Act; and

(c)

creates entitlements to back wages for certain sleepovers; and

(d)

provides for a staged progression of payments for sleepovers towards the minimum hourly rate prescribed under the Minimum Wage Act 1983; and

(e)

provides an Order in Council mechanism for extending the application of subparts 1 and 2 of Part 2 to other employers that are funded through a Vote and to those employers’ employees; and

(f)

preserves the agreement dated 13 September 2011 between the Crown, Idea Services Limited, Phillip William Dickson, and the Service and Food Workers Union Nga Ringa Tota as it relates to the decision of the Court of Appeal in Idea Services Limited v Phillip William Dickson [2011] NZCA 14.

4 Interpretation

(1)

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—

applicable minimum hourly rate has the meaning given to it by section 19(2)

back wages means wages payable by an employer relating to a past period of time

claim for sleepover wages means an action for the recovery of sleepover wages commenced in the Employment Relations Authority in accordance with section 11 of the Minimum Wage Act 1983

current employee, in relation to an employer, means an employee who is employed by that employer on the commencement of this Act

disability support services has the same meaning as in section 6(1) of the New Zealand Public Health and Disability Act 2000

employee means a person of any age employed to do any work for hire or reward under a contract of service

employer means a person employing any employee or employees

employer in the health and disability sector means any employer who provides health services or disability support services and is funded through Vote Health (other than Idea Services or Timata Hou)

Employment Court means the Employment Court established by section 186 of the Employment Relations Act 2000

Employment Relations Authority or Authority means the Employment Relations Authority established by section 156 of the Employment Relations Act 2000

health services has the same meaning as in section 6(1) of the New Zealand Public Health and Disability Act 2000

historic employee, in relation to an employer, means an employee who ceased employment with that employer at any time during the period beginning on 1 June 2004 and ending with the close of 30 June 2005

Idea Services means Idea Services Limited (in statutory management)

recent employee, in relation to an employer, means an employee who ceased employment with that employer at any time during the period beginning on 1 July 2005 and ending with the close of the day before the commencement of this Act

settlement, except in section 30(3), means a settlement in respect of sleepover wages

sleepover means a period of time spent by an employee overnight during which the employee, under the terms of his or her contract of service, is—

(a)

required to be at the employee’s workplace; and

(b)

allowed to sleep at the workplace while on duty; and

(c)

required to be available to attend to his or her duties during the course of the night as necessary

sleepover wages

(a)

means wages in respect of a sleepover payable under the Minimum Wage Act 1983; and

(b)

includes, as the context requires, wages in respect of a sleepover payable under this Act

Timata Hou means Timata Hou Limited (in statutory management)

Vote has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Public Finance Act 1989

wages

(a)

includes—

(i)

back wages:

(ii)

productivity or incentive-based payments; but

(b)

does not include—

(i)

non-taxable allowances paid by the employer to the employee:

(ii)

any payment of an employer contribution to a superannuation scheme for the benefit of the employee

workplace has the same meaning as in section 5 of the Employment Relations Act 2000.

(2)

A reference in this Act to an employee, in relation to the payment of any sleepover wages under this Act must, unless the context otherwise requires, be taken to include a person who, at the time that the payment is required to be made under this Act,—

(a)

is entitled to the payment; but

(b)

has ceased to be in the employment of the employer concerned.

5 Act binds the Crown

This Act binds the Crown.

6 Relationship between this Act and other law

This Act applies despite anything to the contrary in the following:

(b)

any other enactment:

(c)

any rule of law.

7 Expiry

(1)

This Act expires on the close of the day that is 5 years after the date of its commencement.

(2)

On the expiry of this Act, Orders in Council made under section 24, and in force immediately before that expiry, are revoked.

Part 2 Sleepover wages

Subpart 1—Extinguishing claims for sleepover wages

Preliminary

8 Application of this subpart

(1)

This subpart applies to—

(a)

the following employers:

(i)

Idea Services:

(ii)

Timata Hou:

(iii)

any employer in the health and disability sector; and

(b)

each employee of the employers referred to in paragraph (a) who performed a sleepover.

(2)

Subsection (1) is subject to—

(a)

section 24 (which provides a mechanism for extending the application of this subpart by Order in Council to other employers funded through a Vote and those other employers’ employees); and

(b)

section 34 (which is a savings provision).

Extinguishment

9 Certain claims for sleepover wages by employees of Idea Services and Timata Hou extinguished

On the commencement of this Act, a claim for sleepover wages in respect of a sleepover performed before the commencement of this Act by an employee of Idea Services or Timata Hou—

(a)

is unenforceable and of no effect; and

(b)

must be treated as if it had been withdrawn.

10 Certain claims for sleepover wages by employees of other employers in health and disability sector extinguished

On the commencement of this Act, a claim for sleepover wages lodged after 5 pm on 2 September 2011 in respect of a sleepover performed before the commencement of this Act by an employee of any employer in the health and disability sector—

(a)

is unenforceable and of no effect; and

(b)

must be treated as if it had been withdrawn.

11 Effect of this subpart on other civil proceedings

(1)

On and from the commencement of this Act, an employee to whom this subpart applies—

(a)

cannot name, join, or seek to name or join the employee’s employer, the Crown, or any other person as a defendant or a third party or subsequent party in—

(i)

any claim for sleepover wages in respect of a sleepover that is, could be, or could have been the subject of a claim for sleepover wages extinguished under section 9 or 10; or

(ii)

any other civil proceedings relating to liability for sleepover wages in respect of that sleepover; and

(b)

cannot apply in any civil proceedings for any remedy or relief from the employee’s employer, the Crown, or any other person in relation to any sleepover wages in respect of a sleepover that is, could be, or could have been the subject of a claim for sleepover wages extinguished under section 9 or 10.

(2)

This section is subject to section 13(2) and (3).

Subpart 2—Settlement relating to Idea Services and Timata Hou

Preliminary

12 Application of this subpart

(1)

This subpart applies only to—

(a)

the following employers:

(i)

Idea Services:

(ii)

Timata Hou; and

(b)

each employee of Idea Services or Timata Hou who performs or performed a sleepover.

(2)

Subsection (1) is subject to—

(a)

section 24 (which provides a mechanism for extending the application of this subpart by Order in Council to other employers funded through a Vote and those other employers’ employees); and

(b)

section 34 (which is a savings provision).

13 Effect of this subpart on civil proceedings

(1)

On and from the commencement of this Act, an employee to whom this subpart applies—

(a)

cannot name, join, or seek to name or join the employee’s employer, the Crown, or any other person as a defendant or a third party or subsequent party in—

(i)

any claim for sleepover wages in respect of a sleepover to which the employee is, could be, or could have been entitled under this subpart; or

(ii)

any other civil proceedings relating to liability for sleepover wages in respect of that sleepover; and

(b)

cannot apply in any civil proceedings for any remedy or relief from the employee’s employer, the Crown, or any other person in relation to any sleepover wages in respect of a sleepover to which the employee is, could be, or could have been entitled under this subpart.

(2)

This section does not limit or prevent an action by an employee to whom this subpart applies for—

(a)

the recovery of sleepover wages in respect of a sleepover to which the employee is entitled under this subpart; or

(b)

the enforcement of any obligation imposed on an employer by this subpart.

(3)

This section—

(a)

does not limit or affect any agreement entered into between the Crown and any person in relation to all or any of the matters dealt with by this Act; and

(b)

does not prevent any of the parties to the agreement commencing any proceedings in relation to—

(i)

the interpretation or implementation of the agreement; or

(ii)

the enforcement of any obligation imposed on a party to the agreement.

Back wages for sleepover

14 Entitlement of current employees

(1)

A current employee to whom this subpart applies is entitled to be paid back wages for a sleepover if the employee—

(a)

performed the sleepover during the period beginning on 1 July 2005 and ending with the close of 30 June 2011; and

(b)

lodged a claim for sleepover wages by 5 pm on 2 September 2011.

(2)

The amount of back wages payable to the current employee under subsection (1) is the amount calculated in accordance with the formula set out section 19(1).

15 Entitlement of recent employees

(1)

A recent employee to whom this subpart applies is entitled to be paid back wages for a sleepover if the employee—

(a)

performed the sleepover during the period beginning on 1 July 2005 and ending with the close of 30 June 2011; and

(b)

lodged a claim for sleepover wages by 5 pm on 2 September 2011.

(2)

The amount of back wages payable to the recent employee under subsection (1) is the amount calculated in accordance with the formula set out in section 19(1).

16 Entitlement of historic employees

(1)

A historic employee to whom this subpart applies is entitled to be paid back wages for a sleepover if the employee—

(a)

performed the sleepover no earlier than 1 June 2004 during the 6-year period immediately before the date on which the employee lodged a claim for sleepover wages; and

(b)

lodged that claim by 5 pm on 2 September 2011.

(2)

The amount of back wages payable to the historic employee under subsection (1) is the amount calculated in accordance with the formula set out in section 19(1).

17 Entitlements may be several

To avoid doubt, an employee to whom this subpart applies may be entitled to payments for back wages under any or all of sections 14 to 16.

18 Disentitlement to back wages for other sleepovers

To avoid doubt, an employee to whom this subpart applies is not entitled to back wages for a sleepover except as provided in sections 14 to 16.

19 Calculation of back wages

(1)

Any back wages for a sleepover payable under any of sections 14 to 16 must be calculated in accordance with the following formula:

(((a × 9) – b) + c) × 0.50 = d

where—

a

is the applicable minimum hourly rate

b

is the amount of taxable allowances for a sleepover that was actually payable by the employer to the employee to whom this subpart applies at the time the employee performed the sleepover

c

in relation to the sleepover, is the difference between—

(a)

the amount the employer would have paid in respect of annual holidays taken by the employee to whom this subpart applies had the applicable minimum hourly rate been paid for the sleepover; and

(b)

the amount actually paid by the employer to the employee to whom this subpart applies in respect of annual holidays taken by the employee

d

is the gross amount of back wages payable to an employee to whom this subpart applies before tax is withheld.

(2)

In subsection (1), applicable minimum hourly rate means the minimum hourly rate of wage prescribed under section 4 of the Minimum Wage Act 1983 that applied at the time the employee to whom this subpart applies performed the sleepover.

20 When back wages must be paid

An employer must pay any back wages for a sleepover that are payable to an employee to whom this subpart applies no later than 2 months after the date of commencement of this Act.

Staged progression to minimum wage

21 Entitlement of employees to specified amount for sleepover performed immediately before commencement of this Act

(1)

During the period beginning on 1 July 2011 and ending with the close of the day before the commencement of this Act, an employer must pay an employee to whom this subpart applies an amount calculated in accordance with the formula set out in section 19(1) (which applies with any necessary modifications) for each sleepover that the employee performed during that period.

(2)

An employer must pay any amount payable to the employee under subsection (1) no later than 2 months after the date of commencement of this Act.

22 Entitlement to be paid minimum hourly rates for sleepovers performed after commencement of this Act

(1)

An employer must pay an employee to whom this subpart applies for each hour of sleepover that the employee performs during the period specified in the first column of the following table at the minimum hourly rate opposite that period specified in the second column of the following table:

Specified periodMinimum hourly rate
Period beginning on the commencement of this Act and ending with the close of 30 June 201250% of the applicable minimum hourly rate
Period beginning on 1 July 2012 and ending with the close of 24 December 201275% of the applicable minimum hourly rate
Period beginning on 25 December 2012 and ending with the close of 30 June 2013100% of the applicable minimum hourly rate

(2)

On and after 1 July 2013, an employer must pay an employee to whom this subpart applies for each hour of a sleepover performed by the employee at not less than the rate of minimum hourly wage that applies under the Minimum Wage Act 1983.

(3)

To avoid doubt, this section does not limit or affect any deductions that may lawfully be made to an amount payable under subsection (1) or (2).

Subpart 3—Miscellaneous

Application of subparts 1 and 2 to other employers and other employers’ employees

23 Definitions for sections 24 to 28

In sections 24 to 28,—

other employer means—

(a)

any employer in the health and disability sector:

(b)

any employer in any other employment sector funded through a Vote

other employer’s employees means any employees of the other employer who perform or performed sleepovers

relevant Minister means the Minister who is, with the authority of the Prime Minister, for the time being responsible for the administration of the Vote that is most closely connected with funding the services provided by the other employer.

24 Power to extend subparts 1 and 2 to other employers and other employers’ employees by Order in Council

(1)

The Governor-General may, by Order in Council made on the recommendation of the relevant Minister after consultation with the Minister of Labour, modify or extend the application of—

(a)

both subparts 1 and 2 in relation to the following to whom those subparts together do not otherwise apply:

(i)

any other employer; and

(ii)

that other employer’s employees:

(b)

only subpart 2 in relation to the following to whom that subpart does not otherwise apply:

(i)

any other employer; and

(ii)

that other employer’s employees.

(2)

An Order in Council made under subsection (1) may, subject to subsection (3) and section 25, 26, 27, or 28 (as the case may be), modify or extend any provisions of subparts 1 and 2 for either or both of the purposes stated in section 3(1)(a) and (b) as if they related to the other employer and that other employer’s employees.

(3)

An Order in Council made under subsection (1) must not provide for a process for achieving a staged progression to the minimum hourly rate of wage that applies under the Minimum Wage Act 1983 if that process will result in the other employer’s employees receiving payment for a sleepover at less than the rate they were receiving from the other employer immediately before the Order in Council is made.

(4)

An Order in Council made under subsection (1)—

(a)

may specify a date in accordance with section 25(b) or 26(a) that is before, on, or after the date on which the Order in Council comes into force; but

(b)

may be retrospective only to the extent provided in paragraph (a).

25 Modifications or extensions to subpart 1

In order to give effect to a proposed settlement between any other employer and that other employer’s employees, a modification or extension of a provision in subpart 1 may do 1 or more of the following:

(a)

extend the application of that subpart by declaring the other employer to be an employer to which that subpart applies:

(b)

specify different dates or different requirements in relation to the extinguishment of claims for sleepover wages made by the other employer’s employees:

(c)

in relation to an employer in the health and disability sector, make any modifications to extend the effect of section 9 to that employer.

26 Modifications or extensions to subpart 2

In order to give effect to a proposed settlement between any other employer and that other employer’s employees, a modification or extension of a provision in subpart 2 may do 1 or more of the following:

(a)

specify different dates by which claims for sleepover wages must be made in order for the other employer’s employees to be entitled to back wages:

(b)

substitute different periods of sleepovers performed by the other employer’s employees in respect of which back wages are payable:

(c)

prescribe a different formula or method for calculating back wages for those sleepovers:

(d)

provide for a different period by which back wages must be paid as long as—

(i)

that period is within 2 months after the date of commencement of the Order in Council concerned; or

(ii)

the relevant Minister is satisfied that the proposed period for payment has been agreed to by a simple majority of the other employer’s employees:

(e)

provide for a different process for achieving a staged progression to the minimum hourly rate of wage that applies under the Minimum Wage Act 1983 for the other employer’s employees.

27 Limitations on modifications or extensions to subparts 1 and 2 if settlement cannot be reached

(1)

This section applies if a settlement between any other employer and that other employer’s employees cannot be reached.

(2)

If this section applies, the relevant Minister must not recommend the making of an Order in Council under section 24 that modifies or extends subparts 1 and 2, or only subpart 2, unless the relevant Minister—

(a)

has given written notice to the parliamentary leaders of all political parties represented in Parliament of the proposed recommendation to make the Order in Council; and

(b)

is satisfied that the recommendation has the written support of the parliamentary leaders of those political parties that together command a simple majority in the House of Representatives.

28 Limitations on modifications or extensions to subparts 1 and 2 in relation to health and disability sector

Despite sections 25 and 26, a modification or extension of subparts 1 and 2, or only subpart 2, that relates to any employer in the health and disability sector and that employer’s employees must not do any of the following:

(a)

amend the formula for calculating back wages set out in section 19(1) unless the amendment relates to specifying a different multiplier for variable “a” in order to reflect the number of hours of a sleepover performed by the other employer’s employees:

(b)

extend the deadline for paying 100% of the applicable minimum hourly rate to a date later than 30 June 2013:

(c)

substitute a different period within which the specified amount referred to in section 21(1) must be paid under section 21(2) unless the relevant Minister is satisfied that the proposed period has been agreed to by a simple majority of the other employer’s employees:

(d)

provide for any of the matters specified in section 25(b) or 26(a) or (b).

29 Application of Legislation Act 2012

An Order in Council made under section 24 is a legislative instrument and a disallowable instrument for the purposes of the Legislation Act 2012 and must be presented to the House of Representatives under section 41 of that Act.

Section 29: replaced, on 5 August 2013, by section 77(3) of the Legislation Act 2012 (2012 No 119).

Dispute resolution under Act

30 Access to mediation services or Employment Relations Authority

(1)

This section applies to a dispute between an employee and that employee’s employer about—

(a)

any entitlement to, or calculation of, any sleepover wages payable to the employee under this Act; or

(b)

any failure by the employer to pay sleepover wages to which the employee is entitled under this Act.

(2)

If the dispute is not disposed of between the employee and the employee’s employer,—

(a)

the parties may access mediation services provided under section 144 of the Employment Relations Act 2000 and, subject to subsection (3), sections 145 to 154 of that Act apply to the mediation services provided to the parties:

(b)

proceedings to resolve the dispute may be commenced before the Employment Relations Authority in accordance with section 158 of the Employment Relations Act 2000.

(3)

Despite subsection (2)(a), section 148A(2) of the Employment Relations Act 2000 does not apply in relation to any agreed terms of settlement in which a party agrees to forgo all, or part, of that party’s minimum entitlements to the extent permitted by this Act.

(4)

In subsection (3), minimum entitlements means wages or holiday pay or other money payable by the employer to the employee under the Holidays Act 2003 or the Minimum Wage Act 1983.

Section 30(4): amended, on 1 April 2016, by section 39 of the Employment Relations Amendment Act 2016 (2016 No 9).

31 Application of Employment Relations Act 2000

(1)

If proceedings are commenced before the Employment Relations Authority in accordance with section 30(2)(b),—

(a)

the Authority has all the powers and functions it has under the Employment Relations Act 2000; and

(b)

the provisions of the Employment Relations Act 2000 and of any regulations made under that Act apply, with any necessary modifications, to the extent that those provisions are relevant to the resolution of the dispute.

(2)

Without limiting subsection (1), the following provisions of the Employment Relations Act 2000 apply, with any necessary modifications:

(a)

sections 137 to 140 (which relate to compliance orders made by the Employment Relations Authority or the Employment Court):

(b)

sections 157 to 160, 162 to 165, and 173 to 176 (which relate to the role, functions, duties, and powers of the Authority):

(c)

sections 177 to 184 and 188 to 199 (which relate to the referral of questions of law, challenges to determinations of the Employment Relations Authority, the removal of proceedings to the Employment Court, and provisions applying to the Employment Court):

(d)

sections 214 to 215 (which relate to appeals to the Court of Appeal and Supreme Court on questions of law).

32 Enforcement of orders and judgments

(1)

An order made or judgment given by the Employment Relations Authority or the Employment Court under section 31 may be filed in any District Court and is then enforceable in the same manner as an order made or judgment given by the District Court.

(2)

To avoid doubt, an order imposing a fine is enforceable under Part 3 of the Summary Proceedings Act 1957.

(3)

In an order imposing a fine under section 140(6) of the Employment Relations Act 2000, the order may direct that the whole or any part of the fine must be paid to the employee concerned.

Section 32(2): inserted, on 1 April 2016, by section 39 of the Employment Relations Amendment Act 2016 (2016 No 9).

Section 32(3): inserted, on 1 April 2016, by section 39 of the Employment Relations Amendment Act 2016 (2016 No 9).

Enforcement of obligations under Act

33 Penalty for non-compliance

(1)

An employer who fails to comply with an obligation imposed on the employer by this Act is liable to a penalty imposed by the Employment Relations Authority.

(2)

For the purposes of subsection (1), the following provisions of the Employment Relations Act 2000 apply, with any necessary modifications, in relation to a penalty imposed under that subsection:

(a)

section 135 (which relates to the amount and recovery of penalties) and section 135A (which relates to the Chief Executive or a Labour Inspector enforcing payment of a penalty):

(b)

sections 137 to 140 (which relate to compliance orders made by the Employment Relations Authority or the Employment Court).

Section 33(2)(a): amended, on 1 April 2016, by section 39 of the Employment Relations Amendment Act 2016 (2016 No 9).

Savings

34 Savings

Nothing in this Act limits or affects the agreement dated 13 September 2011 between the Crown, Idea Services, Phillip William Dickson, and the Service and Food Workers Union Nga Ringa Tota as it relates to the decision of the Court of Appeal in Idea Services Limited v Phillip William Dickson [2011] NZCA 14.

Reprints notes
1 General

This is a reprint of the Sleepover Wages (Settlement) Act 2011 that incorporates all the amendments to that Act as at the date of the last amendment to it.

2 Legal status

Reprints are presumed to correctly state, as at the date of the reprint, the law enacted by the principal enactment and by any amendments to that enactment. Section 18 of the Legislation Act 2012 provides that this reprint, published in electronic form, has the status of an official version under section 17 of that Act. A printed version of the reprint produced directly from this official electronic version also has official status.

3 Editorial and format changes

Editorial and format changes to reprints are made using the powers under sections 24 to 26 of the Legislation Act 2012. See also http://www.pco.parliament.govt.nz/editorial-conventions/.

4 Amendments incorporated in this reprint

Sleepover Wages (Settlement) Act 2011 (2011 No 98): section 7(1)

Employment Relations Amendment Act 2016 (2016 No 9): section 39

Legislation Act 2012 (2012 No 119): section 77(3)