Policing (Cost Recovery) Amendment Act 2016

1 Title

This Act is the Policing (Cost Recovery) Amendment Act 2016.

2 Commencement

This Act comes into force on the day after the date on which it receives the Royal assent.

3 Principal Act

This Act amends the Policing Act 2008 (the principal Act).

Part 1 Amendments relating to cost recovery

4 New Part 4A inserted

After Part 4, insert:

Part  4A Cost recovery

79A Purpose of this Part

The purpose of this Part is to enable the Police to recover its costs in respect of the provision of certain policing services.

79B Policing services that may be subject to cost recovery

(1)

The Minister may recommend a regulation under section 102A only if the Minister is satisfied that the policing service in question is a demand service.

(2)

For the purposes of this section, demand service

(a)

means a service that—

(i)

constitutes policing; and

(ii)

is provided only on the request of an individual or organisation; and

(iii)

is provided to the individual or organisation requesting it and is of direct benefit to that individual or organisation (even though provision of the service may also be of indirect benefit to the public as a whole); but

(b)

does not include—

(i)

the response of the Police to calls for service relating to potential offending:

(ii)

the conduct of criminal investigations:

(iii)

the prosecution of criminal offences.

(3)

Without limiting the generality of subsection (2), an example of a demand service is the provision of vetting services by the Police.

79C Criteria for cost recovery

The Minister may recommend a regulation under section 102A(a) only if the Minister is satisfied that the fee or charge in question is consistent with the following criteria:

(a)

subject to the provisions of section 79E, the fee or charge recovers no more than the actual and reasonable costs (including both direct and indirect costs) of the service to which the fee or charge relates; and

(b)

the fee or charge for the service or class of services to which the fee or charge relates is generally obtained from the users or beneficiaries of the service or class of services at a level commensurate, as far as practicable, with their use of the service; and

(c)

the costs of the service to which the fee or charge relates are efficiently incurred; that is, the service delivers the maximum benefit at the minimum cost; and

(d)

the relationship between the costs of the service to which the fee or charge relates and the nature and duration of the service is clear.

79D Consultation

(1)

The Minister may recommend a regulation under section 102A(a) only if the Minister is satisfied that the Commissioner has done everything reasonable on his or her part to consult the persons or organisations (or representatives of those organisations) that appear to the Commissioner to be affected or likely to be affected by the fee or charge.

(2)

The process for consultation must, to the extent practicable in the circumstances, include—

(a)

the giving of appropriate notice of the intention to make the regulation and of the contents of the proposed regulation; and

(b)

a reasonable opportunity for interested persons to make submissions; and

(c)

the adequate and appropriate consideration of those submissions.

(3)

A failure to comply with this section does not affect the validity of any regulations made under section 102A.

79E Methods of cost recovery

(1)

Regulations for the recovery of costs may provide for the following:

(a)

fixed fees or charges:

(b)

fees or charges based on a scale or formula or at a rate determined on an hourly or other unit basis:

(c)

the recovery by way of a fee or charge of estimated actual and reasonable costs expended in or associated with the performance of a policing service:

(d)

fees or charges based on costs incurred from charges by third parties:

(e)

any combination of the above.

(2)

Without limiting the way in which a fee or charge may be set, a fee or charge may be set at a level or in a way that—

(a)

is determined by calculations that involve an averaging of costs or potential costs:

(b)

takes into account costs or potential costs of services that are not to be provided directly to the person who pays the fee or charge but that are an indirect or potential cost arising from the delivery of the service in question to a class of persons or all persons who use the service:

(c)

takes into account indirect costs, which include the costs and potential costs of support, maintenance, and development associated with provision of the service.

Compare: 2009 No 51 s 393(6)

79F Payment of fee or charge

(1)

A fee or charge prescribed by regulations made under this Act is payable at the time prescribed in respect of a particular service, whether that time is before, during, or after completion of the relevant service.

(2)

All fees and charges prescribed by regulations made under this Act and received by the Police or any other government agency must be paid into a Departmental Bank Account.

Compare: 2009 No 51 s 393(7), (10)

79G Exemptions, waivers, and refunds

(1)

Regulations made under this Act may provide for exemptions from, or waivers or refunds of, any fee or charge prescribed by regulations made under this Act, in whole or in part, in any class of case.

(2)

Regulations made under this Act may authorise the Commissioner, as he or she thinks fit in the circumstances specified in those regulations, to exempt, waive, or refund the whole or any part of a fee or charge prescribed by regulations made under this Act.

Compare: 2009 No 51 s 395

Part 2 Regulations

5 New section 102A inserted (Regulations relating to cost recovery)

After section 102, insert:

102A Regulations relating to cost recovery

The Governor-General may, by Order in Council,—

(a)

on the recommendation of the Minister made after due consultation in accordance with section 79D, make regulations prescribing fees or charges for specified demand services in accordance with the provisions of Part 4A:

(b)

make regulations prescribing the time when a fee or charge prescribed under this Act becomes payable:

(c)

make regulations providing for exemptions from, or waivers or refunds of, any fee or charge prescribed under this Act, in whole or in part, in any class of case:

(d)

make regulations authorising the Commissioner, as he or she thinks fit in the circumstances specified in those regulations, to exempt, waive, or refund the whole or any part of a fee or charge prescribed by regulations made under this Act.

Legislative history

20 May 2014

Introduction (Bill 217–1)

4 November 2014

First reading and referral to Law and Order Committee

29 June 2015

Reported from Law and Order Committee (Bill 217–2)

15 September 2016

Second reading

12 October 2016

Committee of the whole House

1 November 2016

Third reading

7 November 2016

Royal assent

This Act is administered by the New Zealand Police.