“(1) In this section and in sections 100B to 100V, unless the context otherwise requires,—
“encumbrance, in relation to a motor vehicle, includes—
“hire purchase agreement means a hire purchase agreement within the meaning of section YA 1 of the Income Tax Act 2007
“impoundment costs, in relation to a motor vehicle that has been seized while impounded under section 96 or 96A of the Land Transport Act 1998, means the fees and charges for towage and storage that are prescribed or assessed in the manner specified by regulations made under section 167 of that Act, and, where those fees and charges have already been paid by the chief executive of the Ministry of Justice, means the amount required to reimburse the chief executive for that payment
“interest means any proprietary interest, whether legal or equitable, and whether vested or contingent
“leasing agreement does not include any agreement entered into between the defendant and the holder of a rental service licence under the Land Transport Act 1998
“registered owner means the person registered under the Transport (Vehicle and Driver Registration and Licensing) Act 1986 as the owner of the motor vehicle, and where several persons are so registered, means any one of those persons
“traffic offence means—
“(a) any offence against the Transport Act 1962, the Road User Charges Act 1977, the Transport (Vehicle and Driver Registration and Licensing) Act 1986, or the Land Transport Act 1998, or against any regulation or bylaw made under any of those Acts:
“use, in relation to a motor vehicle, means driving, or being in charge of, the motor vehicle
“written caution means a caution issued under section 100B.
“(2) For the purposes of sections 100B to 100V, a person is, in relation to a defendant, a substitute for the defendant or a substitute if—
“(b) within 4 years after the date of the commission of the offence for which that written caution was served, the defendant commits a further traffic offence involving a motor vehicle that, at the time of the commission of that offence, the person owns or has an interest in.
“(4) For the purposes of the exercise of any power, or the performance of any duty or function, under this Part, the
registered owner of a motor vehicle is taken to be the owner of the motor vehicle unless the person exercising the power or performing the duty or function is satisfied that the registered owner of the motor vehicle is not the owner of the motor vehicle.
“(5) A reference in sections 100B to 100V to a person holding a motor vehicle as nominee for a defendant or for a substitute for the defendant is a reference to a person who purports to be the owner or who is the
registered owner of the motor vehicle but whose purported ownership or registration is subject to an understanding or arrangement that the person—