Insolvency Practitioners Bill

Insolvency Practitioners Bill

Government Bill

141—3

As reported from the Economic Development, Science and Innovation Committee

Commentary

Recommendation

The Economic Development, Science and Innovation Committee has examined the Insolvency Practitioners Bill (including Supplementary Order Paper No 45) and recommends that it be passed with the amendments shown.

Introduction

The bill aims to strengthen the regulation of insolvency practitioners by introducing a licensing system. The bill seeks to amend the Companies Act 1993 and the Receiverships Act 1993, and to create a new Act to be called the Insolvency Practitioners Regulation Act.

The bill’s progress to date

The bill was first introduced on 27 April 2010. It proposed a negative licensing system which would give the Registrar of Companies power to restrict or prohibit individuals from providing corporate insolvency services. The bill aimed to make it easier to prohibit practitioners from practising if they were unfit, or to place them under supervision.

The Commerce Committee of the 50th Parliament recommended extensive amendments to the bill in their report presented on 9 May 2011. The committee considered that the negative licensing system proposed would not address the problems and risks associated with practitioners who are dishonest or lack independence. The amendments recommended by the Commerce Committee sought to introduce a register of insolvency practitioners and to establish offences and penalties for practitioners who failed to comply.

At the bill’s second reading, the Commerce Committee’s recommended amendments were adopted.

Amendments proposed in Supplementary Order Paper No 45

The Minister of Commerce and Consumer Affairs released Supplementary Order Paper No 45 on 28 June 2018. The SOP proposes substantial further changes to the bill to:

  • create a co-regulatory licensing regime

  • improve the list of automatic practitioner disqualifications

  • provide the High Court with an effective means to disqualify practitioners.

SOP 45 would insert four new parts into the bill (Parts 3 to 6) to regulate insolvency practitioners and establish an independent oversight system.

Following the SOP’s release, the bill (incorporating the amendments proposed by the Commerce Committee) was referred back to us for consideration. We have considered the amendments proposed in the SOP and recommend that most of them be incorporated into the bill, with some adjustments which we discuss below.

Proposed amendments

This commentary covers the main amendments we recommend to the bill, taking into account the proposals in SOP 45. We do not discuss minor or technical amendments.

Proposed amendments to the Companies Act

Part 1 of the bill would amend the Companies Act 1993. The proposed changes to this part are discussed below.

Reports and disclosures by insolvency practitioners

SOP 45 proposes that detailed disclosure and reporting requirements be included in the bill under clauses 4EA and 4HA (new sections 255A, 255C, and 257A of the Companies Act).

We are concerned that the approach proposed in the SOP would be too onerous, especially for solvent liquidations. We note that the proposed requirements for reporting are technically complex, involve listing minor details, and cover subject matter that may require updating as technology advances. We consider that it would be more appropriate to include these requirements in regulations.

We therefore recommend two changes.

First, we recommend that the detailed requirements contained in clauses 4EA and 4HA be removed from the bill.

Second, we recommend amending clause 10 (section 395 of the Companies Act) so that the reporting requirements proposed in the SOP would be able to be prescribed by regulations. Our proposal would allow for different regulations to apply in respect of different kinds or classes of persons or circumstances.

We recommend amending clause 4EA to incorporate some of the proposals from the SOP. Specifically, our amendment would reduce the burden of compliance in relation to interest statements by inserting section 255A in the Companies Act. An insolvency practitioner would only be required to include information that relates to circumstances, relationships, or other facts that the practitioner has become aware of during the period since they last prepared an interest statement.

Solvent liquidations and directors’ declarations

We see a need to strengthen the SOP’s proposals for directors’ obligations regarding resolutions and certificates given in connection with solvent liquidations. Under the Companies Act, directors could declare that a liquidation was solvent and therefore appoint a liquidator that was not a licensed practitioner. They could do this, without having to provide proof or face consequences, if they do not reasonably consider that the company can pay its debts.

We recommend strengthening the existing requirements in relation to solvent liquidations by:

  • requiring the company’s board of directors to declare that the company is able to meet all of its obligations to creditors within 12 months

  • adding an offence provision for making a declaration without reasonable grounds

  • adding a provision so that a solvent liquidation would become an insolvent liquidation if the 12 month deadline was not met.

This would ensure that solvent liquidations are dealt with in an appropriate timeframe and would deter directors from making false declarations.

To make these changes, we recommend inserting new clause 4CA to insert new section 243A into the Companies Act. We also recommend the insertion of clause 4CB to replace section 244 in the Companies Act.

Duties in relation to company funds

Clause 4G would insert section 256A into the Companies Act regarding a liquidator’s duties in handling company funds. SOP 45 proposes that the maximum penalty for failing to comply with the duty would be as set out in section 373(2) of the Companies Act.

To make this provision consistent with similar offences under the Companies Act, we recommend amending clause 4G so that the penalty is set out under section 373(3) of the Act instead. This would have the effect of increasing the maximum penalty from $10,000 to $50,000.

Prohibition orders

The Companies Act includes provisions for the High Court to make prohibition orders against administrators (under clause 4, section 239ADV) and liquidators (under clause 6, section 286). Currently, an order made in relation to one type of insolvency activity would not prohibit a person from being involved in another type of insolvency activity.

We recommend amending clauses 4 and 6 so that a prohibition order would apply to all forms of insolvency activities covered by the licensing regime, not just the form of insolvency activity that generated the prohibition order.

Establishment of a regulation-making power

Clause 7A of the bill would insert new Part 16A into the Companies Act to establish a registration regime for insolvency practitioners.

We agree with SOP 45 that clause 7A should be removed and the content of Part 16A that remains relevant should be included instead in new Parts 3 to 6 of the bill. This change would move the provisions for regulation and independent oversight of insolvency practitioners from the Companies Act to the new Insolvency Practitioners Regulation Act.

Proposed amendments to the Receiverships Act

Part 2 of the bill would make various amendments to the Receiverships Act 1993.

Some changes that we recommend making to the Companies Act, in relation to administrators and liquidators, are also relevant to receivers.

We recommend amending clauses 13G and 13H to substitute new sections 24 and 24A in the Receiverships Act regarding the reporting requirements on receivers.

We also recommend amending clause 14 to make changes to section 37 of the Receiverships Act in relation to prohibition orders. This would be consistent with the recommendations we make in relation to prohibition orders against administrators and liquidators.

Proposed new regime for regulation and oversight of insolvency practitioners

SOP 45 proposes inserting Parts 3 to 6 into the bill with the purpose of regulating insolvency practitioners and establishing a licensing regime operated by accredited bodies and subject to independent oversight by the Registrar of Companies. We recommend inserting these four new parts into the bill with a few variations from the SOP.

Regulation of overseas practitioners

SOP 45 proposes that accredited bodies would be responsible for the regulation of overseas practitioners. It was suggested to us that this would be onerous for the accredited bodies as different jurisdictions have different rules around who can act as an insolvency practitioner.

We consider that accredited bodies should be responsible for regulating overseas practitioners, but propose two changes to make the rules more workable for them.

We recommend amending clause 18(1) so that the scope for licensing overseas practitioners is limited to those licensed to practise in Australia or another jurisdiction recognised by the Registrar of Companies, by notice in the Gazette.

This amendment would:

  • satisfy New Zealand’s obligations under the Trans-Tasman Mutual Recognition Arrangement

  • permit Australian licence holders to obtain a licence in New Zealand

  • provide flexibility to recognise foreign regulatory regimes where warranted.

Amending this clause would limit the jurisdictions that the Registrar could recognise to those that have a comparable licensing regime. It would also require overseas practitioners to contract into an accredited body in New Zealand, which would ensure the same level of oversight for all practitioners.

We also recommend inserting clause 22A so that insolvency practitioners licensed in Australia or in a recognised jurisdiction would be able to accept an engagement in New Zealand without first being licensed here, provided they apply for a licence within 10 working days. We think that this amendment would allow for flexibility with very little risk because the practitioner will already have been licensed in a trusted overseas jurisdiction. This would better align the bill with trans-Tasman mutual recognition principles.

Duty to report serious problems

New Part 5 of the bill would impose duties and restrictions on licensed insolvency practitioners.

SOP 45 proposes that insolvency practitioners be required to report serious problems including whether the company, or a past or present director, officer, or shareholder, has committed an offence in relation to the company.

We consider that the wording proposed in the SOP needs clarification. We propose amending clause 71(1) to make it clear that insolvency practitioners must report on any offence they become aware of, even if not directly related to the company.

We recognise the concerns of those within the industry that the duty to report a serious problem, as set out in clause 71, was overly broad, and could result in costly extra work. Specifically, clause 71(2)(b)(ii) proposed that insolvency practitioners would have to report if they thought someone “may be guilty” of negligence, default, or breach of duty or trust in relation to the company. We recommend amending this to “is guilty”.

We are also recommending inserting subclause (6) which would make it clear that nothing in the section requires an insolvency practitioner to take any steps to investigate whether a serious problem has arisen.

These changes would narrow the scope of what needs to be reported, and confirm that insolvency practitioners are not subject to a positive duty to look for serious problems.

Who can act as a solvent company liquidator

New Part 6 of the bill contains provisions relating to solvent liquidations, the power for the Registrar to act as an accredited body, and an offence provision relating to false declarations and representations.

SOP 45 proposes new provisions so that members of a recognised professional body are able to undertake solvent liquidations without having to be a registered insolvency practitioner. Solvent liquidations are more straightforward than insolvent ones. Shareholders and directors have incentives to appoint competent persons, and there are reduced creditor interests to protect as, by definition, a solvent liquidation process will repay all of them.

Many submitters commented that limiting who is eligible to undertake a solvent liquidation would prevent competent people from undertaking the work. We agree that solvent liquidations should not have the same requirements as insolvent ones as they present less risk. We accept that the aim of this bill is to curb inappropriate behaviour with insolvencies, not to limit the number of competent people who can undertake liquidations.

We recommend that clause 80(1) as proposed in the SOP be amended to make it clear that lawyers and qualified statutory accountants are listed as people who can act as a solvent company liquidator.

We also recommend that clause 18(1) be amended to include definitions of “lawyer” and “qualified statutory accountant” in line with the above changes.

We also recommend inserting clause 5C(2A) which would insert new section 283(3A) in the Companies Act to provide for a situation where an apparently solvent liquidation is found to be insolvent. Our amendment would make it clear that, if the person undertaking the liquidation is not a licensed insolvency practitioner, they must resign and appoint a successor who is a licensed insolvency practitioner.

Other matters considered

Funding the Registrar’s operations

We considered proposing changes to provide expressly for the recovery of the Registrar’s costs for performing the independent oversight role. We are not recommending this be done through an amendment to the bill as we understand that a future piece of legislation will resolve this issue. That legislation is expected to be enacted before the licensing regime under this bill comes into force.

Regulations review and disallowable instruments

The Regulations Review Committee wrote to us raising concerns about clause 48. Clause 48(4) provides that the rules relating to the investigation and disciplining of members of an accredited body are a disallowable instrument for the purposes of the Legislation Act 2012.

The Regulations Review Committee had two concerns with clause 48:

  • The bill proposes delegating this law-making power to entities that are not yet in existence.

  • Disallowable instruments are inconsistent with the rest of the bill, which delegates responsibilities to the Registrar of Companies.

We recommend that clause 48(4) be retained, for two reasons. First, it would be consistent with section 8 of the New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants Act 1996, which states that the rules of the New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants are subject to disallowance. Second, it would ensure consistent regulatory treatment between accredited bodies.

Appendix

Committee process

The Insolvency Practitioners Bill (including Supplementary Order Paper No 45) was referred to the committee on 28 June 2018. The closing date for submissions was 24 August 2018. We received and considered 16 submissions from interested groups and individuals. We heard oral evidence from seven submitters.

We received advice from the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. The Regulations Review Committee wrote to the committee on the powers contained in clause 48.

Committee membership

Jonathan Young (Chairperson)

Tamati Coffey

Andrew Falloon

Hon Paul Goldsmith

Gareth Hughes

Melissa Lee

Jo Luxton

Clayton Mitchell

Poto Williams

Lawrence Yule

Key to symbols used

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Hover your cursor over an amendment for information about that amendment. Download the PDF version to see this information in a form that can be printed out.

Hon Kris Faafoi

Insolvency Practitioners Bill

Government Bill

141—3

Contents

Commentary
Key
1Title
2Commencement
3Principal Act amended
3AInterpretation
3BNew sections 239F and 239G substituted
239FWho may be appointed as administrator
239GWhat administrator must do before appointment
3CWho may appoint administrator
3DWhen office of administrator is vacant
3ERemoval of administrator
3FSection 239S repealed
3GNew section 239TA inserted
239TAProvision of documents and property to administrator’s successor information and assistance to replacement administrator
3HAdministrator must report misconduct
3HSection 239AI repealed
3HAPower of court where outcome of voting at creditors’ meeting determined by related entity
3HBNew sections 239AMA to 239AMB inserted
239AMACreditor’s vote disregarded if administrator considers creditor is related creditor
239AMAAFurther powers where court orders creditor’s vote be taken into account
239AMBPower of court where outcome of voting at creditors’ meeting determined by related creditor
3INew section sections 239AP and 239APA substituted
239APAdministrator must table documents at first creditors’ meeting
239APARequirements for interests statement
3IANotice of watershed meeting
3JFormer administrator is default liquidator
3KNew section 239ABYA inserted
239ABYAProvision of documents and property information and assistance to liquidator
3KAVoidable transactions
3LNew sections 239ACD and 239ACE to 239ACEA substituted
239ACDWho may be appointed as deed administrator
239ACEWhat deed administrator must do before appointment
239ACEARequirements for interests statement
3MWhen office of deed administrator vacant
3NNew section 239ACJA inserted
239ACJAProvision of documents and property to deed administrator’s successor information and assistance to replacement deed administrator
3OHeading to subpart 14 of Part 15A amended
3PAdministrator must file accounts
3QNew section 239ACZA sections 239ACZAA and 239ACZA inserted
239ACZAAAdministrator must file updates to interests statement
239ACZAAdministrator and deed administrator must file summary report
3RAdministrator may seek directions
3RNew section 239ADUA inserted
239ADUAMeaning of failure to comply
4Prohibition order
4AAdministrator must give notice of appointment
4ABAdministrator must give notice of appointment
4ACNew section 239ADWA inserted
239ADWADeed administrator must give notice of appointment
4BInterpretation
4BALiquidation of associations
4BBNew section 241AA substituted
241AARestriction on appointment of liquidator by shareholders or board after application for court appointment served on company
4CLiquidator to summon meeting of creditors
4CANew section 243A inserted
243ADirectors’ declaration that debts will be paid within 12 months
4CBNew section 244 substituted
244Liquidator to summon meeting of creditors in other cases
4DLiquidator may dispense with meetings of creditors
4DAPower of court where outcome of voting at meeting of creditors determined by related entity
4DBNew sections 245B to 245C inserted
245BCreditor’s vote disregarded if liquidator considers creditor is related creditor
245BAFurther powers where court orders creditor’s vote be taken into account
245CPower of court where outcome of voting at meeting of creditors determined by related creditor
4EOther duties of liquidator
4EANew section 255A inserted
255ARequirements for interests statement
4FDuties in relation to accounts
4FNew section 256 substituted
256Duties in relation to records
4GNew section 256A inserted
256ADuties in relation to company funds money
4HDuties in relation to final report and accounts
4HASections 258A and 258B repealed
4HBRestriction on enforcement of lien over documents
4IHeading above section 280 amended
5New section 280 substituted
280Who may be appointed as liquidator
5AValidity of acts of liquidators
5BNew section 282 substituted
282What liquidator must do before appointment
5CVacancies in office of liquidator
5DNew section 283A inserted
283AProvision of documents and property to liquidator’s successor information and assistance to replacement liquidator
5ENew section 285 substituted
285Meaning of failure to comply
6Orders to enforce liquidator’s duties
6ANew heading and sections 296A to 296D inserted
296ADispositions of property after application but before appointment of liquidator
296BProcedure for setting aside dispositions
296COther orders
296DAdditional provisions relating to setting aside dispositions
7Establishment of Liquidation Surplus Account
7ANew Part 16A inserted
316CPurpose of Part
316DMinistry must review and report on operation of this Part
316EInsolvency practitioners must be registered
316FEligibility for registration
316GApplication to be registered
316HRegistration of insolvency practitioners
316IRejection of application for registration
316JInsolvency practitioners must notify Registrar of changes in registration details
316KInsolvency practitioners must notify Registrar if no longer eligible for registration
316LInsolvency practitioners must file annual confirmation of registration details
316MCancellation of registration
316NPerson may request that Registrar cancel registration
316ONotice of intention to cancel registration
316PEffect of cancelled registration on current administrations and liquidations
316QRegister of insolvency practitioners
316ROperation of and access to register
316SPurposes of register
316TContents of register
316URegistrar may amend, omit, remove, or restrict access to information in register
316VSearches of register
316WWhen search breaches information privacy principle
316XCrown and Registrar not liable for act or omission
316YInterests statement
316ZRestrictions relating to remuneration
316ZARestriction on purchase of assets
316ZBRestriction on purchase of goods or services from person connected with insolvency practitioner
7ARegistrar and Deputy Registrars of Companies
8Penalty for failure to comply with Act
10Regulations
10ANew Part 2 added to Schedule 1AA
11Consequential amendments
11ADelayed application of section 316E
11BExisting court orders relating to appointments
12Principal Act amended
12AInterpretation
12BNew sections 3A and 3B inserted
3ATransitional, savings, and related provisions
3BAct binds the Crown
13New section 5 substituted
5Who may be appointed as receiver
13ANew section 6A inserted
6AWhat receiver must do before appointment
13BNotice of appointment
13BNotice of appointment
13CVacancy in office of receiver
13DNew section 11A inserted
11AProvision of documents and property to receiver’s successor information and assistance to replacement receiver
13EDuty in relation to money
13FAccounting records
13GFurther reports by receiver
13HNew section 24A inserted sections 24 and 24A substituted
24Further reports by receiver
24ASummary report by receiver
13HAPersons entitled to receive reports
13HBSection 28 repealed
13HCNotice of end of receivership
13INew section 36 substituted
36Meaning of failure to comply
14Orders to enforce receiver’s duties
14APowers and duties of receivers
14BNew Schedule 1AA inserted
15Schedule amended
16Purpose
17Overview
18Interpretation
19Transitional, savings, and related provisions
20Parts 3 to 6 bind the Crown
21Insolvency practitioner must hold licence
22Issue of licence
22AOverseas practitioners deemed to have licence for 10 days from appointment
23Accredited body must send licence details to Registrar
24Licence subject to conditions
25Duration of licence
26Ongoing competence requirements
27Unsatisfactory results of competence programme
28Meaning of relevant authority
29Cancellation of licences
30Suspension of licences
31Effect of suspension
32Procedure relating to exercise of cancellation or suspension powers
33Appeals in respect of licensing and related matters
34Registrar may prescribe licensing and other matters
35Minimum standards for licence
36Principles guiding prescribing of licensing and other matters
37Registrar must consult before publishing notices
38Other provisions relating to notices under section 34
39Register of licensed insolvency practitioners
40Operation of and access to register
41Purposes of register
42Contents of register
43Obligation to notify Registrar of prescribed changes
44Registrar must amend register in certain circumstances
45Search of register
46Registrar may grant accreditation
47Accreditation subject to conditions
48Rules of accredited bodies
49Accredited bodies must supply report and annual confirmation to Registrar
50Registrar must publish plan relating to insolvency practitioner regulation and oversight
51Publication of policies
52Registrar must monitor regulatory systems
53Registrar must report on regulatory systems of each accredited body
54Registrar may give directions
55Requirements relating to directions
56Offence to contravene directions
57Registrar may suspend or cancel accreditation or censure accredited body in certain circumstances
58Requirements relating to orders
59Effect of suspension or cancellation on licences issued by accredited body or former accredited body
60Registrar must give opportunity to make submissions
61Appeals
62Provisions relating to disciplinary proceedings conducted by accredited bodies
63Registrar may start or take over investigation or investigate in conjunction with accredited body
64Relationship between Registrar’s investigation and other investigations or proceedings
65Accredited body must give reasonable assistance
65AAccredited bodies required to provide information have privileges of witnesses in court
66Disciplinary powers of Registrar
67Miscellaneous matters relating to orders
68Exemption from membership requirement for certain overseas practitioners, members of recognised bodies, and members of religious societies and orders
69Requirements for arrangement
70End of exemption from membership requirement
71Duty of insolvency practitioners to report serious problems
72Insolvency practitioner must provide further assistance after providing report
73Confidentiality of information and documents
74Conditions relating to publication or disclosure of information or documents
75Protection of persons who report serious problems
77Meaning of arm’s-length terms
78Restriction on purchase of assets
79Restriction on purchase of goods or services from person connected with insolvency practitioner
80Solvent company liquidators
81Power of Registrar to recognise professional body
82Registrar’s functions
83Registrar’s power of inspection
84Registrar may act as accredited body
85Protection from liability for accredited bodies and others
86Sharing of information and documents between accredited bodies and Registrar
87Notice and service of documents
88False declarations and representations
89Registrar may refuse to take step before fee, charge, or cost paid
90Registrar may refuse to accept document
91Power of Registrar to delegate
92Regulations
93Consequential amendments
Legislative history

The Parliament of New Zealand enacts as follows:

1 Title

This Act is the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010.

2 Commencement

This Act comes into force 9 months after the date on which it receives the Royal assent.

(1)

The following sections come into force on the day after the date of Royal assent:

(a)

section 10 (which enables the making of regulations relating to Parts 1 and 2):

(b)

sections 16 to 20 (which are preliminary provisions relating to Parts 3 to 6):

(c)

sections 34 to 38 (which enable the Registrar to prescribe licensing and other matters):

(d)

sections 46 and 47 (which relate to the accreditation of bodies):

(e)

sections 51 and 54 to 61 (which relate to policies, directions, and other matters relating to accredited bodies):

(f)

sections 68 to 70 (which provide an exemption from membership of an accredited body for certain members of recognised bodies and religious societies and orders):

(g)

sections 81 to 92 (which relate to miscellaneous matters).

(2)

The rest of this Act comes into force on a date appointed by the Governor-General by Order in Council, and 1 or more Orders in Council may be made bringing different provisions into force on different dates.

(3)

Any provision that is not earlier brought into force under subsection (2) comes into force on the first anniversary of the date of Royal assent.

Part 1 Amendments to Companies Act 1993

3 Principal Act amended

This Part amends the Companies Act 1993.

Subpart 1—Amendments to principal Act

Amendment to Part 1 (Preliminary)

3A Interpretation

Section 2(1) is amended by inserting the following definitions in their appropriate alphabetical order:

insolvency practitioner means any of the following:

(a)

an administrator or deed administrator (as defined in section 239B):

(b)

a liquidator (as defined in section 240(1)):

(c)

a receiver (as defined in section 2(1) of the Receiverships Act 1993)

registered insolvency practitioner means an insolvency practitioner who is registered under section 316H

insolvency practitioner has the same meaning as in section 18(1) of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010

licensed insolvency practitioner has the same meaning as in section 18(1) of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010

prohibition order means an order made under section 239ADV(1) or 286(5) or under section 37(6) of the Receiverships Act 1993 that prohibits a person from acting as an insolvency practitioner

Amendments to Part 15A (Voluntary administration)

3B New sections 239F and 239G substituted

Sections 239F and 239G are repealed and the following sections substituted:

239F Who may be appointed as administrator

(1)

A person who is a registered insolvency practitioner, and who is not disqualified under subsection (2), may be appointed as the administrator of a company.

(1)

A person may be appointed as an administrator of a company if the person

(a)

is a licensed insolvency practitioner who is permitted to act as an administrator of the company under Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010; and

(b)

is not disqualified under subsection (2).

(2)

Unless the court orders otherwise, a person is disqualified from appointment as an administrator of a company if the person would be disqualified from appointment as a liquidator of that company under section 280(2).

(3)

For the purpose of subsection (2),—

(a)

the reference in section 280(2) to the commencement of the liquidation must be read as if it were a reference to the commencement of the administration; and

(b)

references in section 280(2) and (3) to the company in liquidation must be read as if they were references to the company in administration; and

(a)

in section 280,

(i)

a reference to the commencement of the liquidation must be read as if it were a reference to the commencement of the administration:

(ii)

a reference to a company must be read as if it were a reference to the company in administration; and

(c)

section 280(3)(c) does not apply.

(4)

A person who is appointed as the administrator of a company despite being disqualified under subsection (2) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

(4)

A person commits an offence, and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2), if

(a)

the person knows or ought reasonably to know that they are disqualified under subsection (2); and

(b)

the person,

(i)

with their consent, is appointed as an administrator; or

(ii)

acts as an administrator.

(5)

See also section 21(2) of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010.

239G What administrator must do before appointment

(1)

A person must not be appointed as the administrator of a company unless that the person has—

(a)

consented in writing and has not withdrawn the consent at the time of appointment; and

(b)

certified in writing that he or she is not disqualified from appointment by section 239F(2). the person

(i)

is a licensed insolvency practitioner; and

(ii)

is permitted to act as an administrator of the company under Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010; and

(iii)

is not disqualified from appointment under section 239F(2).

(2)

A person who, with their consent, is appointed as an administrator despite failing to certify the matters set out in subsection (1)(b) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

(3)

The acts of a person as an administrator are valid even if the person does not meet the requirements of section 239F(1) or fails to certify the matters set out in subsection (1)(b).

3C Who may appoint administrator

(1)

Section 239H(2) is amended by inserting the following paragraph after paragraph (b):

(ba)

the Registrar, as a replacement administrator for an administrator whose registration as an insolvency practitioner has been cancelled; or

(2)

Section 239H(2)(c) is amended by omitting “disqualified” and substituting “disqualified from appointment by under section 239F(2).

(3)

Section 239H is amended by adding the following subsection:

(3)

The appointment of a replacement administrator by a company must be made by a resolution of the board of the company.

3D When office of administrator is vacant

(1)

Section 239P is amended by repealing paragraph (a) and substituting the following paragraph:

(a)

resigns under in accordance with section 239Q; or

(2)

Section 239P is amended by adding “; or” and also by adding the following paragraph:

(e)

has had his or her registration as an insolvency practitioner cancelled under section 316M or 316N.

(e)

ceases to be a licensed insolvency practitioner who is permitted to act as an administrator of the company in accordance with Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010.

3E Removal of administrator

(1)

Section 239R(2)(a) is amended by omitting “another person who is not disqualified” and substituting “a registered licensed insolvency practitioner who is permitted to act as an administrator of the company in accordance with Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010 and not disqualified from appointment by under section 239F(2).

(2)

Section 239R(2) is amended by repealing paragraph (b) and substituting the following paragraph:

(b)

the person named in the resolution as the new administrator has, before the resolution is considered,

(i)

certified in writing that he or she is not disqualified from appointment by section 239F(2); and

(ii)

tabled at the meeting

(A)

a signed, written consent to act as administrator; and

(B)

the certificate described in subparagraph (i); and

(C)

an interests statement that complies with section 316Y.

(b)

the person named in the resolution as the new administrator has, before the resolution is considered, tabled at the meeting

(i)

the written consent and certificate required under section 239G; and

(ii)

an interests statement that complies with section 239APA.

(3)

Section 239R is amended by adding the following subsection:

(3)

A person who, with the person’s consent, is appointed as a replacement administrator under subsection (2) but who has not tabled an interests statement that complies with section 316Y 239APA commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

3F Section 239S repealed

Section 239S is repealed.

3G New section 239TA inserted

The following section is inserted after section 239T:

239TA Provision of documents and property to administrator’s successor information and assistance to replacement administrator

(1)

This section applies if the office of administrator becomes vacant and a new a replacement administrator is appointed.

(2)

The person who was acting as administrator immediately before the office of administrator became vacant must, where practicable, provide to his or her successor the information and assistance that the successor reasonably requires to take over the duties of administrator, including providing

(a)

books, records, and documents of the company:

(b)

other property of the company:

(c)

all claims:

(d)

accounts and records of the administration.

(2)

The previous administrator must, where practicable, provide to the replacement administrator the information that the previous administrator has in their possession or under their control and that the replacement administrator reasonably requires to carry out the functions and duties of administrator.

(2A)

The information referred to in subsection (2) includes

(a)

the records and other documents of the company:

(b)

any information necessary to provide the replacement administrator with control over the property of the company:

(c)

any information relating to claims:

(d)

accounting records and other documents of the administration.

(2B)

The previous administrator must, where practicable, provide to the replacement administrator any assistance that the replacement administrator reasonably requires to carry out the functions and duties of administrator.

(3)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (2) or (2B) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

3H Administrator must report misconduct

Section 239AI is amended by adding the following subsection:

(4)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (1) or (2) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

3H Section 239AI repealed

Section 239AI is repealed.

3HA Power of court where outcome of voting at creditors’ meeting determined by related entity

(1)

Section 239AM is amended by omitting the heading and substituting the following heading: Related creditor’s vote disregarded unless court orders otherwise.

(2)

Section 239AM is amended by repealing subsections (1) and (2) and substituting the following subsections:

(1)

The administrator must disregard a related creditor’s vote on a resolution at the creditors’ meeting unless the court orders otherwise.

(2)

A related creditor may apply to the court for an order that its vote be taken into account.

(2A)

A related creditor that intends to apply for an order must,

(a)

before a vote is taken on the resolution, give notice in writing to the administrator that the creditor

(i)

is a related creditor; and

(ii)

intends to apply to the court for an order that its vote be taken into account; and

(b)

within 10 working days of the creditors’ meeting, make an application to the court.

(2B)

The court may order that a related creditor’s vote be taken into account only if satisfied that ordering that the applicant’s vote (or the applicants’ votes) be taken into account

(a)

is not contrary to the interests of the creditors, or a class of creditors, as a whole; and

(b)

will not prejudice, and is not reasonably likely to prejudice, the interests of the creditors who voted against the resolution or for it, as the case may be, to an extent that is unreasonable having regard to

(i)

the benefits accruing to the applicant (or the applicants), or to some or all of the related creditors, from the resolution or from the failure to pass the resolution; and

(ii)

the nature of the relationship between the applicant (or the applicants) and the company, or between the related creditors and the company; and

(iii)

any other relevant matter.

(3)

Section 239AM(3) is amended by inserting and sections 239AMA to 239AMB after this section.

3HB New sections 239AMA to 239AMB inserted

The following sections are inserted after section 239AM:

239AMA Creditor’s vote disregarded if administrator considers creditor is related creditor

(1)

If the administrator considers that a creditor that votes on a resolution at a creditors’ meeting is a related creditor, and the creditor has not given notice under section 239AM(2A), the administrator must (unless the court orders otherwise)

(a)

disregard the creditor’s vote; and

(b)

give notice in writing to the creditor stating the reasons for the administrator’s view.

(2)

The court may, on the application of the creditor, order that the creditor’s vote be taken into account if satisfied that the creditor is not a related creditor.

(3)

The creditor must make any application under this section to the court within 10 working days of receiving the notice.

239AMAA Further powers where court orders creditor’s vote be taken into account

(1)

If the court orders, under section 239AM or 239AMA, that a creditor’s vote be taken into account, the court may also

(a)

order that the resolution be set aside or treated as having passed:

(b)

order that a new meeting be held to consider and vote on the resolution:

(c)

order that the creditor’s vote on a resolution to vary or amend the resolution be taken into account:

(d)

make any other orders that the court thinks necessary.

(2)

Despite any application under section 239AM or 239AMA, the outcome of the vote on the resolution is valid and effective unless the court orders otherwise.

239AMB Power of court where outcome of voting at creditors’ meeting determined by related creditor

(1)

This section applies in relation to a resolution at a creditors’ meeting if,

(a)

after the meeting, the administrator becomes aware that a creditor that voted on the resolution is a related creditor; and

(b)

the administrator is satisfied that,

(i)

in accordance with section 239AM or 239AMA, the related creditor’s vote should have been disregarded; and

(ii)

the resolution would not have been passed, defeated, or required to be decided by a casting vote (as the case may be) if the vote cast by the related creditor (or, if there is more than 1 related creditor, the votes cast by the related creditors) had been disregarded.

(2)

Despite sections 239AM(1) and 239AMA(1), the outcome of the vote on the resolution is valid and effective unless the court orders otherwise under subsection (4).

(3)

The administrator must, as soon as practicable after becoming aware that this section applies to the resolution, give notice of that fact to every known creditor.

(4)

The court may, on the application of the administrator or a creditor,

(a)

order that the resolution be set aside or treated as having passed:

(b)

order that a new meeting be held to consider and vote on the resolution:

(c)

order that a specified related creditor or creditors must not vote on the resolution or on a resolution to vary or amend it:

(d)

make any other orders that the court thinks necessary.

(5)

An administrator who fails to comply with subsection (3) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

3I New section sections 239AP and 239APA substituted

Section 239AP is repealed and the following section sections are substituted:

239AP Administrator must table documents at first creditors’ meeting

(1)

The administrator must table at the first creditors’ meeting—

(aa)

the written consent and certificate required under section 239G; and

(a)

an interests statement that complies with section 316Y 239APA; and

(b)

a notice stating that insolvency practitioners administrators are required to be registered, that the Registrar can cancel a person’s registration on a number of grounds, licensed, and that more information about the regulation of insolvency practitioners is available from the Registrar.

(2)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (1)(a) (1)(aa), (a), or (b) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

239APA Requirements for interests statement

(1)

This section sets out the requirements for the interests statement referred to in sections 239R(2)(b)(ii), 239AP(1)(a), 239AU(3)(aa), and 239ACZAA(1).

(2)

The interests statement must disclose

(a)

any circumstance, relationship, or other fact that creates, or could reasonably be perceived as creating, a conflict of interest for the insolvency practitioner in relation to the independence of the insolvency practitioner’s role as the administrator, including anything that would, but for a court order to the contrary, have disqualified the person

(i)

from being appointed as or acting as the administrator (see section 239F(2)); or

(ii)

from being a licensed insolvency practitioner; and

(b)

the nature of any actual or perceived conflict of interest created by that circumstance, relationship, or other fact; and

(c)

how the insolvency practitioner intends to manage any actual or perceived conflict of interest.

(3)

In preparing an interests statement for the purposes of section 239R(2)(b)(ii) or 239AP(1)(a), the insolvency practitioner must make any inquiries that are reasonably necessary for ensuring that the interests statement is complete.

(4)

In preparing an interests statement for the purposes of section 239AU(3)(aa) or 239ACZAA(1), the insolvency practitioner need include only the information required under subsection (2) that relates to circumstances, relationships, or other facts that the insolvency practitioner has become aware of during the period since they last prepared an interests statement.

(5)

The interests statement must be in writing and be dated and signed by the insolvency practitioner.

3IA Notice of watershed meeting

(1)

Section 239AU(1)(b) is amended by omitting section 3(1)(b) and substituting section 3(1)(a).

(2)

Section 239AU(3) is amended by inserting the following paragraph before paragraph (a):

(aa)

an updated interests statement that complies with section 239APA; and

(3)

Section 239AU is amended by adding the following subsection:

(4)

The updated interests statement may be in the form of a statement to be read in conjunction with previous interests statements and updates.

3J Former administrator is default liquidator

Section 239ABY(b) is amended by omitting is disqualified from acting as the liquidator and substituting does not meet the requirements of section 280(1).

(1)

Section 239ABY is amended by repealing paragraph (b) and substituting the following paragraph:

(b)

the person nominated

(i)

is disqualified from acting as a liquidator under section 280(2); or

(ii)

has not satisfied the requirements of section 282; or

(iii)

is not a licensed insolvency practitioner who is permitted to act as a liquidator of the company in accordance with Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010; or

(2)

Section 239ABY is amended by adding the following subsection as subsection (2):

(2)

However, the former administrator must appoint another person as the liquidator if the former administrator is disqualified from acting as a liquidator or is not a licensed insolvency practitioner who is permitted to act as a liquidator of the company in accordance with Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010.

3K New section 239ABYA inserted

The following section is inserted after section 239ABY:

239ABYA Provision of documents and property information and assistance to liquidator

(1)

A person who was acting as administrator immediately before the appointment of a liquidator to a company in administration must, where practicable, provide to the liquidator the information and assistance that the liquidator reasonably requires, including providing

(a)

books, records, and documents of the company:

(b)

other property of the company:

(c)

all claims:

(d)

accounts and records of the administration.

(1)

This section applies if a person was acting as an administrator of a company before the appointment of a liquidator to the company.

(1A)

The administrator must, where practicable, provide to the liquidator the information that the administrator has in their possession or under their control and that the liquidator reasonably requires to carry out the functions and duties of liquidator.

(1B)

The information referred to in subsection (1A) includes

(a)

the records and other documents of the company:

(b)

any information necessary to provide the liquidator with control over the property of the company:

(c)

any information relating to claims:

(d)

accounting records and other documents of the administration.

(1C)

The administrator must, where practicable, provide to the liquidator any assistance that the liquidator reasonably requires to carry out the functions and duties of liquidator.

(2)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (1) (1A) or (1C) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

3KA Voidable transactions

(1)

The heading to section 239ACB is amended by adding and voidable dispositions.

(2)

Section 239ACB(1) is amended by omitting The voidable transaction provisions do not apply to a transaction by a company in administration if the transaction is and substituting The voidable transaction and voidable disposition provisions do not apply to a transaction or disposition by a company in administration if the transaction or disposition is.

(3)

Section 239ACB is amended by repealing subsection (2) and substituting the following subsection:

(2)

In this section, voidable transaction and voidable disposition provisions means sections 292 to 296D.

3L New sections 239ACD and 239ACE to 239ACEA substituted

Sections 239ACD and 239ACE are repealed and the following sections substituted:

239ACD Who may be appointed as deed administrator

(1)

A person who is a registered insolvency practitioner, and who is not disqualified under subsection (2), may be appointed as a deed administrator of a company.

(1)

A person may be appointed as a deed administrator of a company if the person

(a)

is a licensed insolvency practitioner who is permitted to act as a deed administrator of the company under Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010; and

(b)

is not disqualified under subsection (2).

(2)

Unless the court orders otherwise, a person is disqualified from appointment as a deed administrator of a company if the person would be disqualified from appointment as a liquidator of that company under section 280(2).

(3)

For the purpose of subsection (2),—

(a)

the reference in section 280(2) to the commencement of the liquidation must be read as if it were a reference to the execution of the deed of company arrangement; and

(b)

references in section 280(2) and (3) to the company in liquidation must be read as if they were references to the company under a deed of company arrangement; and

(a)

in section 280,

(i)

a reference to the commencement of the liquidation must be read as if it were a reference to the execution of the deed of company arrangement:

(ii)

a reference to a company must be read as if it were a reference to the company under a deed of company arrangement; and

(c)

section 280(3)(c) does not apply.

(4)

A person who is appointed as a deed administrator despite being disqualified under subsection (2) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

(4)

A person commits an offence, and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2), if

(a)

the person knows or ought reasonably to know that they are disqualified under subsection (2); and

(b)

the person,

(i)

with their consent, is appointed as a deed administrator; or

(ii)

acts as a deed administrator.

(5)

See also section 21(2) of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010.

239ACE What deed administrator must do before appointment

(1)

A person must not be appointed as a deed administrator unless that person has of a company unless the person has

(a)

consented in writing and has not withdrawn the consent at the time when the deed of company arrangement is executed; and

(b)

certified in writing that he or she is not disqualified from appointment by section 239ACD(2); and the person

(i)

is a licensed insolvency practitioner; and

(ii)

is permitted to act as a deed administrator of the company under Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010; and

(iii)

is not disqualified from appointment under section 239ACD(2); and

(c)

tabled at the watershed meeting (or, if section 239ACP applies, circulated to creditors with the draft deed under that section) an interests statement that complies with section 316Y.

(i)

the written consent and certificate required under paragraphs (a) and (b); and

(ii)

an interests statement that complies with section 239ACEA.

(2)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (1)(c) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

(2)

A person commits an offence, and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2), if

(a)

the person, with their consent, is appointed as a deed administrator despite failing to certify the matters set out in subsection (1)(b); or

(b)

the person fails to comply with subsection (1)(c).

(3)

The acts of a person as a deed administrator are valid even if the person does not meet the requirements of section 239ACD(1), fails to certify the matters set out in subsection (1)(b), or fails to comply with subsection (1)(c).

239ACEA Requirements for interests statement

(1)

This section sets out the requirements for the interests statement referred to in section 239ACE(1)(c)(ii).

(2)

The interests statement must disclose

(a)

any circumstance, relationship, or other fact that creates, or could reasonably be perceived as creating, a conflict of interest for the insolvency practitioner in relation to the independence of the insolvency practitioner’s role as a deed administrator, including anything that would, but for a court order to the contrary, have disqualified the person

(i)

from being appointed as or acting as a deed administrator (see section 239ACD(2)); or

(ii)

from being a licensed insolvency practitioner; and

(b)

the nature of any actual or perceived conflict of interest created by a circumstance, relationship, or other fact; and

(c)

how the insolvency practitioner intends to manage any actual or perceived conflict of interest.

(3)

In preparing the interests statement, the insolvency practitioner must make any inquiries that are reasonably necessary for ensuring that the interests statement is complete.

(4)

The interests statement must be in writing and be dated and signed by the insolvency practitioner.

3M When office of deed administrator vacant

(1)

Section 239ACH is amended by repealing paragraph (a) and substituting the following paragraphs:

(a)

resigns under in accordance with section 239ACI; or

(ab)

dies; or

(2)

Section 239ACH is amended by adding “; or” and also by adding the following paragraph:

(d)

has had his or her registration as an insolvency practitioner cancelled under section 316M or 316N.

(d)

ceases to be a licensed insolvency practitioner who is permitted to act as a deed administrator of the company in accordance with Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010.

3N New section 239ACJA inserted

The following section is inserted after section 239ACJ:

239ACJA Provision of documents and property to deed administrator’s successor information and assistance to replacement deed administrator

(1)

This section applies if the office of deed administrator becomes vacant and a new a replacement deed administrator is appointed.

(2)

The person who was acting as deed administrator immediately before the office of deed administrator became vacant must, where practicable, provide to his or her successor the information and assistance that the successor reasonably requires to take over the duties of deed administrator, including providing

(a)

books, accounts, records, and documents of the company:

(b)

other property of the company:

(c)

all claims.

(2)

The previous deed administrator must, where practicable, provide to the replacement deed administrator the information that the previous deed administrator has in their possession or under their control and that the replacement deed administrator reasonably requires to carry out the functions and duties of deed administrator.

(2A)

The information referred to in subsection (2) includes

(a)

the records and other documents of the company:

(b)

any information necessary to provide the replacement deed administrator with control over the property of the company (to the extent permitted by the deed):

(c)

any information relating to claims:

(d)

accounting records and other documents of the administration of the deed of company arrangement.

(2B)

The previous deed administrator must, where practicable, provide to the replacement deed administrator any assistance that the replacement deed administrator reasonably requires to carry out the functions and duties of deed administrator.

(3)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (2) or (2B) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

3O Heading to subpart 14 of Part 15A amended

The heading to subpart 14 of Part 15A is amended by adding “and summary reports”.

3P Administrator must file accounts

(1)

Section 239ACZ(3)(a) is amended by omitting payments and substituting payments, including payer and payee details.

(2)

Section 239ACZ is amended by adding the following subsection:

(4)

A person who fails to comply with this section commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

3Q New section 239ACZA sections 239ACZAA and 239ACZA inserted

The following section is sections are inserted after section 239ACZ:

239ACZAA Administrator must file updates to interests statement

(1)

An administrator must, within 20 working days after the end of each period of 6 months following the date on which the administrator was appointed, prepare and send to every known creditor an updated interests statement that complies with section 239APA.

(2)

The updated interests statement may be in the form of a statement to be read in conjunction with previous interests statements and updates.

(3)

A person who fails to comply with this section commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

239ACZA Administrator and deed administrator must file summary report

(1)

This section applies to—

(a)

a person who was is the administrator at the end of an administration; and

(b)

a person who was is the deed administrator on the termination of a deed of company arrangement.

(2)

As soon as practicable after completing his or her duties in relation to the administration or deed of company arrangement (as the case may be), the person must provide to the Registrar, in the manner specified by the Registrar, a summary report.

(3)

The summary report must contain the information prescribed for the purpose of this section by regulations made under section 395(1)(cba) prescribed information.

(4)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (2) this section commits an offence and is subject liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

3R Administrator may seek directions

Section 239ADR(1) is amended by omitting the administrator’s and substituting his or her.

3R New section 239ADUA inserted

The following section is inserted after section 239ADU:

239ADUA Meaning of failure to comply

(1)

In section 239ADV, failure to comply means a person’s failure to comply with an enactment, a rule of law, or a court order to the extent that the enactment, rule, or order applies to the person in the person’s capacity as an administrator or a deed administrator.

(2)

In proceedings under section 239ADV,

(a)

a finding of any fact made in proceedings before the District Court or High Court for an offence under this Act or any other enactment that there was a failure to comply is prima facie evidence of that fact:

(b)

a finding described in paragraph (a) may be proved by production of a document under the seal of the court in which the finding was made.

Compare: 1986 No 121 s 46

4 Prohibition order

(1)

Section 239ADV is amended by repealing subsection (3) and substituting the following subsection:

(3)

A person to whom a prohibition order applies must not

(a)

act as an administrator in a current or other administration; or

(b)

act as a deed administrator of a current or other deed of company arrangement.

(3)

A person to whom a prohibition order applies

(a)

must not act (or continue to act) as an insolvency practitioner; and

(b)

must be treated as if they are not a licensed insolvency practitioner (see section 21 of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010.)

(2)

Section 239ADV(4) is amended by omitting “or deed administrator of a company in administration” and substituting “of a company in administration, or a past or current deed administrator of a company under a deed of company arrangement,”.

(3)

Section 239ADV is amended by repealing subsection (5) and substituting the following subsection subsections (5) to (7) and substituting the following subsections:

(5)

In this section, failure to comply means a failure of a person to comply with an enactment, a rule of law, or a court order, to the extent that it applies to the person in the person’s capacity as an insolvency practitioner.

(5)

A copy of every order made under subsection (1) must be delivered by the applicant to the Registrar before the end of the working day after the day on which the order was made.

(6)

The Registrar must provide a copy of the order to each accredited body (within the meaning of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010) before the end of the working day after the day on which the Registrar receives a copy of the order.

(4)

Section 239ADV(6) is repealed.

(5)

Section 239ADV(7) is amended by omitting Official Assignee for New Zealand who must keep it on a file indexed by reference to the name of the administrator or deed administrator concerned and substituting Registrar.

4A Administrator must give notice of appointment

Section 239ADW(1) is amended by omitting , or by the creditors under section 239R(2)(a) and substituting , by the creditors under section 239R(2)(a), or by the Registrar under section 316P(2).

4AB Administrator must give notice of appointment

Section 239ADW is amended by adding the following subsection:

(3)

A notice of appointment must identify who made the appointment and, if the administrator was appointed by the court, who applied to the court for the appointment.

4AC New section 239ADWA inserted

The following section is inserted after section 239ADW:

239ADWA Deed administrator must give notice of appointment

(1)

This section applies if the creditors at the watershed meeting, by resolution, appoint a person other than the administrator of the company to be the deed administrator.

(2)

The deed administrator must,

(a)

before the end of the next working day after appointment, lodge a notice of appointment with the Registrar; and

(b)

not later than 5 working days after appointment, advertise the appointment in accordance with section 3(1)(a).

(3)

A notice of appointment must state that the appointment was made by the creditors at the watershed meeting.

Amendments to Part 16 (Liquidations)

4B Interpretation

(1)

Section 240(1) is amended by inserting the following definition in its appropriate alphabetical order:

liquidator means the a person who is appointed the as a liquidator of a company in liquidation (and includes a person who is appointed as an interim liquidator of a company under section 246)

(2)

Paragraph (a) of the definition of creditor in section 240(1) is amended by omitting and 289 and substituting 280, and 289.

4BA Liquidation of associations

Section 240B is amended by adding the following subsection as subsection (2):

(2)

Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010 apply to an association put into liquidation under this Part as if the association were a company.

4BB New section 241AA substituted

Section 241AA is repealed and the following section substituted:

241AA Restriction on appointment of liquidator by shareholders or board after application for court appointment served on company

(1)

This section applies if an application for the appointment of a liquidator under section 241(2)(c) has been filed and served on the company.

(2)

A liquidator may be appointed under section 241(2)(a) or (b) only if

(a)

the liquidator is appointed within 10 working days after the application is served on the company; or

(b)

if the application referred to in subsection (1) is made under section 241(2)(c)(iv), the creditor who filed the application consents to the appointment under section 241(2)(a) or (b).

(3)

This section ceases to apply from the time that the court disposes of the application referred to in subsection (1).

4C Liquidator to summon meeting of creditors

(1)

Section 243(2)(a) is amended by omitting “report and notice” and substituting “report, interests statement, and notices”.

(2)

Section 243 is amended by omitting subsections (8) to (10) and substituting the following subsection:

(8)

Nothing in this section applies if section 243A applies to the company.

4CA New section 243A inserted

The following section is inserted after section 243:

243A Directors’ declaration that debts will be paid within 12 months

(1)

This section applies to a company if

(a)

a liquidator is appointed under section 241(2)(a) or (b); and

(b)

before the appointment of the liquidator, a copy of a declaration described in this section is made by a majority of the company’s directors and delivered to the Registrar for registration.

(2)

The declaration must

(a)

be to the effect that the directors have made an inquiry into the affairs of the company and have formed the opinion, on reasonable grounds, that the company will be able to pay its debts in full within a period of not more than 12 months after the appointment of the liquidator; and

(b)

be in writing; and

(c)

be made within 20 working days before the appointment of the liquidator; and

(d)

include a statement of the affairs of the company that contains the prescribed information and shows, as at the latest practicable date before the making of the declaration,

(i)

the property of the company, and the total amount expected to be realised from that property; and

(ii)

the liabilities of the company; and

(iii)

the estimated expenses of the liquidation.

(3)

A director who makes a declaration under this section without having reasonable grounds for their opinion that the company will be able to pay or otherwise provide for its debts within the period stated in the declaration commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

(4)

If, at any time, the liquidator considers, or has reasonable grounds to consider, that the company will not be able to pay or otherwise provide for its debts in full within the period stated in the declaration,

(a)

this section ceases to apply to the company; and

(b)

the liquidator must, as soon as practicable, notify the Registrar that this section no longer applies to the company.

(5)

A liquidator who fails to comply with subsection (4)(b) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

(6)

The fact that this section ceases to apply to a company does not limit or affect subsection (3).

4CB New section 244 substituted

Section 244 is repealed and the following section substituted:

244 Liquidator to summon meeting of creditors in other cases

(1)

Despite section 243(8), the liquidator of a company to which section 243A applies must call a meeting of creditors for the purpose specified in section 243(1)(a) or (b) if

(a)

the liquidator is satisfied that the directors who made the declaration described in section 243A did not have reasonable grounds to believe that the company would be able to pay or otherwise provide for its debts within the period stated in the declaration; or

(b)

section 243A ceases to apply to the company.

(2)

If, as a consequence of section 243A ceasing to apply, a new liquidator is appointed, the new liquidator must call the meeting of creditors.

(3)

The provisions of section 243 apply, with any necessary modifications, in relation to the meeting of creditors.

(4)

This section is subject to section 245.

4D Liquidator may dispense with meetings of creditors

Section 245(2) is amended by omitting “report and notice” and substituting “report, interests statement, and notices”.

4DA Power of court where outcome of voting at meeting of creditors determined by related entity

(1)

Section 245A is amended by omitting the heading and substituting the following heading: Related creditor’s vote at meeting of creditors to be disregarded unless court orders otherwise.

(2)

Section 245A is amended by repealing subsections (1) and (2) and substituting the following subsections:

(1)

The liquidator must disregard a related creditor’s vote on a resolution at the meeting of creditors unless the court orders otherwise.

(2)

A related creditor may apply to the court for an order that its vote be taken into account.

(2A)

A related creditor that intends to apply for an order must,

(a)

before a vote is taken on the resolution, give notice in writing to the liquidator that the creditor

(i)

is a related creditor; and

(ii)

intends to apply to the court for an order that its vote be taken into account; and

(b)

within 10 working days of the meeting of creditors, make an application to the court.

(2B)

The court may make an order that a related creditor’s vote be taken into account only if satisfied that ordering that the applicant’s vote (or the applicants’ votes) be taken into account

(a)

is not contrary to the interests of the creditors, or a class of creditors, as a whole; and

(b)

will not prejudice, and is not reasonably likely to prejudice, the interests of the creditors who voted against the resolution or for it, as the case may be, to an extent that is unreasonable having regard to

(i)

the benefits accruing to the applicant (or the applicants), or to some or all of the related creditors, from the resolution or from the failure to pass the resolution; and

(ii)

the nature of the relationship between the applicant (or the applicants) and the company, or between the related creditors and the company; and

(iii)

any other relevant matter.

(3)

Section 245A(3) is amended by inserting and sections 245B to 245C after this section.

4DB New sections 245B to 245C inserted

The following sections are inserted after section 245A:

245B Creditor’s vote disregarded if liquidator considers creditor is related creditor

(1)

If the liquidator considers that a creditor that votes on a resolution at a meeting of creditors is a related creditor, and the creditor has not given notice under section 245A(2A), the liquidator must (unless the court orders otherwise)

(a)

disregard the creditor’s vote; and

(b)

give notice in writing to the creditor stating the reasons for the liquidator’s view.

(2)

The court may, on the application of the creditor, order that the creditor’s vote be taken into account if satisfied that the creditor is not a related creditor.

(3)

The creditor must make any application under this section to the court within 10 working days of receiving the notice.

245BA Further powers where court orders creditor’s vote be taken into account

(1)

If the court orders, under section 245A or 245B, that a creditor’s vote be taken into account, the court may also

(a)

order that the resolution be set aside or treated as having passed:

(b)

order that a new meeting be held to consider and vote on the resolution:

(c)

order that the creditor’s vote on a resolution to vary or amend the resolution be taken into account:

(d)

make any other orders that the court thinks necessary.

(2)

Despite any application under section 245A or 245B, the outcome of the vote on the resolution is valid and effective unless the court orders otherwise.

245C Power of court where outcome of voting at meeting of creditors determined by related creditor

(1)

This section applies in relation to a resolution at a meeting of creditors if,

(a)

after the meeting, the liquidator becomes aware that a creditor that voted on the resolution is a related creditor; and

(b)

the liquidator is satisfied that,

(i)

in accordance with section 245A or 245B, the related creditor’s vote should have been disregarded; and

(ii)

the resolution would not have been passed, defeated, or required to be decided by a casting vote (as the case may be) if the vote cast by the related creditor (or, if there is more than 1 related creditor, the votes cast by the related creditors) had been disregarded.

(2)

Despite sections 245A(1) and 245B(1), the outcome of the vote on the resolution is valid and effective unless the court orders otherwise under subsection (4).

(3)

The liquidator must, as soon as practicable after becoming aware that this section applies to the resolution, give notice of that fact to every known creditor.

(4)

The court may, on the application of the liquidator or a creditor,

(a)

order that the resolution be set aside or treated as having passed:

(b)

order that a new meeting be held to consider and vote on the resolution:

(c)

order that a specified related creditor or creditors must not vote on the resolution or on a resolution to vary or amend it:

(d)

make any other orders that the court thinks necessary.

(5)

A liquidator who fails to comply with subsection (3) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

4E Other duties of liquidator

(1AA)

Section 255(2)(a)(i) is amended by inserting , specifying who made the appointment (see section 241(2)) and, if the liquidator was appointed by the court, who applied to the court for the appointment after liquidator’s appointment.

(1AB)

Section 255(2) is amended by repealing paragraph (b) and substituting the following paragraph:

(b)

before the end of the next working day after appointment, deliver to the Registrar for registration a notice of the liquidator’s appointment; and

(1AC)

Section 255(2)(c) is amended by repealing subparagraph (i) and substituting the following subparagraph:

(i)

prepare a list of every known creditor of the company and, if known, each creditor’s address for communications (which may be an electronic address); and

(1AD)

Section 255(2)(c)(ii) is amended by repealing subsubparagraph (A) and substituting the following subsubparagraph:

(A)

an initial report containing the prescribed information; and

(1)

Section 255(2)(c)(ii) is amended by adding repealing subsubparagraph (C) and substituting the following subsubparagraphs:

(DC)

an interests statement that complies with section 316Y section 255A; and

(ED)

a notice stating that insolvency practitioners liquidators of insolvent companies are required to be registered, that the Registrar can cancel a person’s registration on a number of grounds, licensed insolvency practitioners, and that more information about the regulation of insolvency practitioners is available from the Registrar; and

(1A)

Section 255(2) is amended by repealing paragraph (d) and substituting the following paragraph:

(d)

within 20 working days after the end of each period of 6 months following the date of commencement of the liquidation, prepare and send to every known creditor and every shareholder, and to the Registrar for registration,

(i)

a report on the liquidation containing the prescribed information; and

(ii)

an updated interests statement that complies with section 255A.

(2)

Section 255 is amended by inserting the following subsections after subsection (3):

(3A)

The report referred to in subsection (2)(d) must show, for each period, a statement of realisation and distribution that lists all amounts received and paid, including payer and payee details.

(3B)

However, a liquidator may omit from the report referred to in subsection (2)(d) details of any amount received or paid if the liquidator considers that their inclusion would materially prejudice the exercise of his or her functions.

(3C)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (2)(c) or (d) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

(3D)

Subsection (2)(c)(ii)(C) and (D) does not apply to an Official Assignee.

(3)

Section 255(4) is amended by repealing paragraph (a) and substituting the following paragraph:

(a)

exempt the liquidator from compliance with subsection (2)(c) or (d); or

4EA New section 255A inserted

The following section is inserted after section 255:

255A Requirements for interests statement

(1)

This section sets out the requirements for the interests statement referred to in section 255(2)(c)(ii)(C) and (d)(ii).

(2)

The interests statement must disclose

(a)

any circumstance, relationship, or other fact that creates, or could reasonably be perceived as creating, a conflict of interest for the insolvency practitioner in relation to the independence of the insolvency practitioner’s role as the liquidator, including anything that would, but for a court order to the contrary, have disqualified the person

(i)

from being appointed as or acting as the liquidator (see section 280(2)); or

(ii)

from being a licensed insolvency practitioner; and

(b)

the nature of any actual or perceived conflict of interest created by that circumstance, relationship, or other fact; and

(c)

how the insolvency practitioner intends to manage any actual or perceived conflict of interest.

(3)

In preparing an interests statement for the purposes of section 255(2)(c)(ii)(C), the insolvency practitioner must make any inquiries that are reasonably necessary for ensuring that the interests statement is complete.

(4)

In preparing an interests statement for the purposes of section 255(2)(d)(ii), the insolvency practitioner need include only the information required under subsection (2) that relates to circumstances, relationships, or other facts that the insolvency practitioner has become aware of during the period since they last prepared an interests statement.

(5)

The interests statement must be in writing and be dated and signed by the insolvency practitioner.

4F Duties in relation to accounts

Section 256 is amended by adding the following subsection:

(3)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

4F New section 256 substituted

Section 256 is repealed and the following section substituted:

256 Duties in relation to records

(1)

The liquidator of a company must

(a)

keep accounting records and other documents of the liquidation and permit those records, and the records and other documents of the company, to be inspected by

(i)

any liquidation committee appointed under section 314, unless the liquidator believes on reasonable grounds that inspection would be prejudicial to the liquidation; and

(ii)

if the court so orders, a creditor or shareholder; and

(b)

keep the accounting records and other documents of the liquidation, and the records and other documents of the company, for not less than 6 years after completion of the liquidation (or any longer period specified in a notice referred to in subsection (3)).

(2)

The Registrar may, before or after the completion of the liquidation, require any records and documents to be retained for longer than 6 years after the completion of the liquidation.

(3)

The Registrar must give notice of a requirement under subsection (2) on an Internet site maintained by or on behalf of the Registrar.

(4)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

4G New section 256A inserted

The following section is inserted after section 256:

256A Duties in relation to company funds money

(1)

A liquidator must deposit the funds money of a company under his or her administration at a registered bank and in—

(a)

a bank account to the credit of the company; or

(b)

a general or separate trust account.

(2)

However, the liquidator may invest, in financial products issued by a registered bank, or in Government securities or in a public security, or in any other securities financial products as authorised by the court, any amount of the company’s money that is—

(a)

standing to the credit of the company in the bank account or trust account; and

(b)

not required for the time being to meet claims made against the company.

(3)

All dividends, interest, and other profits from the investments an investment described in subsection (2) must, as soon as practicable after they are received, be paid into the bank account or trust account.

(3A)

Money that is deposited in a trust account under subsection (1)(b) must be held by the liquidator on trust for the benefit of the persons legally entitled to that money.

(4)

A person who fails to comply with this section commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2) section 373(3).

(5)

In this section, public security has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Public Finance Act 1989.

(6)

This section does not limit section 260.

4H Duties in relation to final report and accounts

(1)

Section 257(1)(a) is amended by repealing subparagraph (i) and substituting the following subparagraph:

(i)

the final report and statement of realisation and distribution, which must list all amounts received and paid in respect of the liquidation, including payer and payee details; and

(1)

Section 257(1)(a) is amended by repealing subparagraph (i) and substituting the following subparagraph:

(i)

a final report containing the prescribed information; and

(2)

Section 257(1) is amended by adding the following paragraph:

(c)

provide to the Registrar, in the manner specified by the Registrar, a summary report that contains the information prescribed for the purpose of this section by regulations made under section 395(1)(cba) prescribed information.

(3)

Section 257 is amended by adding the following subsection:

(3)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

4HA Sections 258A and 258B repealed

Sections 258A and 258B are repealed.

4HB Restriction on enforcement of lien over documents

Section 263(1)(a) is repealed and the following paragraph substituted:

(a)

section 243A applies to the company; and

4I Heading above section 280 amended

The heading above section 280 is amended by omitting Qualifications and substituting Appointment.

5 New section 280 substituted

Section 280 is repealed and the following section substituted:

280 Who may be appointed as liquidator

(1)

A person who is a registered insolvency practitioner, and who is not disqualified under subsection (2), may be appointed as a liquidator of a company.

(1)

A person may be appointed as a liquidator of a company if the person is

(a)

a licensed insolvency practitioner (or, if section 243A applies to the company, a licensed insolvency practitioner or any other person described in section 80(1) of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010); and

(b)

permitted to act as a liquidator of the company under Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010; and

(c)

not disqualified under subsection (2).

(2)

Unless the court orders otherwise, the following persons are disqualified from being appointed or acting as a liquidator of a company:

(a)

a creditor of the company in liquidation:

(b)

a person who has, within the 2 years immediately before the commencement of the liquidation, been a shareholder, director, promoter, an auditor, or a receiver of the company or of a related company:

(ba)

a person who has, within the 2 years immediately before the commencement of the liquidation, been a director of a creditor of the company:

(bb)

a person who has, or who has had, within the 2 years immediately before the commencement of the liquidation,

(i)

a direct interest in a share issued by the company; or

(ii)

an interest, direct or indirect, in 5% or more of any class of shares issued by a creditor of the company (but only if the person is aware that they have the interest):

(bc)

a person who has

(i)

a direct interest in a share issued by a related company of the company; or

(ii)

an indirect interest in 5% or more of any class of shares issued by a related company of the company:

(bd)

if an instrument confers a power to appoint a receiver of any assets of the company, a person who is disqualified by the instrument from acting as the receiver of any assets of the company:

(c)

a person who is a relative of a person described in paragraph (b) any of paragraphs (a) to (bd):

(d)

a person who has, or whose firm has, within the 2 years immediately before the commencement of the liquidation,—

(i)

provided professional services to the company; or

(ii)

had a continuing business relationship with the company, its majority shareholder, or any of its directors.

(ii)

had a continuing business relationship with the company, its majority shareholder, or any of its directors, or with any of the company’s shareholders that (under its constitution or any other agreement) have a power to appoint or remove a director of the company:

(e)

a person to whom a prohibition order applies.

(2A)

For the purpose of subsection (2)(ba), each of the following is a director of a creditor of a company:

(a)

if the creditor is a company, a person occupying the position of a director of the company, by whatever name called:

(b)

if the creditor is a limited partnership, a general partner (within the meaning of the Limited Partnerships Act 2008):

(c)

if the creditor is a partnership other than a limited partnership, a partner:

(d)

if the creditor is any other body corporate or unincorporated body, a person occupying a position in the body that is comparable with that of a director of a company.

(3)

A person is not disqualified under subsection (2)(d)

(a)

by reason only that the company, or a secured creditor of the company, has appointed the person, or the person’s firm, to investigate, monitor, or advise on the affairs of the company; or

(a)

if the professional services are provided, or the relationship arises, by reason only of the appointment of the person, or of the person’s firm,

(i)

by, or at the instigation of, the company or a creditor or other party having an actual or potential financial interest in the company; and

(ii)

to investigate or to advise on the solvency of the company or to monitor the affairs of the company; or

(b)

if all the creditors consent to the appointment of the person in question; or

(c)

if, within 20 working days before the person’s appointment as liquidator,

(i)

the board of the company resolves that the company will, on the appointment of the liquidator, be able to pay its debts; and

(ii)

a copy of the resolution is delivered to the Registrar for registration.

(c)

if section 243A applies to the company.

(3A)

If subsection (3)(a) applies, subsection (2)(a) or (ba) does not disqualify a person merely because the person is (or was) a creditor, or a director of a creditor, of the company as a consequence of the appointment referred to in subsection (3)(a).

(4)

A person who is appointed as a liquidator despite being disqualified under subsection (2) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

(4)

A person commits an offence, and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2), if

(a)

the person knows or ought reasonably to know that they are disqualified under subsection (2); and

(b)

the person,

(i)

with their consent, is appointed as a liquidator; or

(ii)

acts as a liquidator.

(5)

See also section 21(2) of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010.

(6)

This section does not apply to an Official Assignee.

5A Validity of acts of liquidators

Section 281 is amended by omitting “is not qualified to act as a liquidator” and substituting “does not meet the requirements of section 280(1) or fails to certify the matters set out in section 282(1)(b).

5B New section 282 substituted

Section 282 is repealed and the following section substituted:

282 What liquidator must do before appointment

(1)

The appointment of a person, other than an Official Assignee, as liquidator is of no effect A person must not be appointed as a liquidator of a company unless the person has—

(a)

consented in writing to the and has not withdrawn that consent at the time of appointment; and

(b)

certified in writing that he or she is not disqualified from appointment by section 280(2). they

(i)

are a licensed insolvency practitioner (or, if section 243A applies to the company, a licensed insolvency practitioner or any other person described in section 80(1) of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010); and

(ii)

are permitted to act as a liquidator of the company under Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010; and

(iii)

are not disqualified from appointment under section 280(2).

(2)

A person who, with their consent, is appointed as a liquidator despite failing to certify the matters set out in subsection (1)(b) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

(3)

This section does not apply to an Official Assignee.

5C Vacancies in office of liquidator

(1)

Section 283 is amended by repealing subsection (1) and substituting the following subsection:

(1)

The office of liquidator becomes vacant if the person holding office liquidator

(a)

resigns under subsection (2) or (3); or

(b)

dies; or

(c)

becomes disqualified under section 280(2); or

(d)

has had his or her registration as an insolvency practitioner cancelled under section 316M or 316N.

(d)

ceases to be a licensed insolvency practitioner (unless section 243A applies to the company) or otherwise ceases to be permitted to act as a liquidator of the company in accordance with Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010; or

(e)

is not a licensed insolvency practitioner and section 243A ceases to apply to the company (see section 243A(5)).

(2)

Section 283(5) is amended by omitting Official Assignee for New Zealand and substituting Registrar.

(2)

Section 283(2) is amended by omitting and sending or delivering notice in writing of the appointment of his or her successor to the Registrar for registration.

(2A)

Section 283 is amended by inserting the following subsection after subsection (3):

(3A)

A liquidator of a company to which section 243A applies must, unless the liquidator is a licensed insolvency practitioner, resign without delay and appoint a successor if section 243A ceases to apply (see section 243A(5)).

(2B)

Section 283(4) is amended by omitting any person who could be appointed as liquidator under paragraph (a) or paragraph (b) or paragraph (c), as the case may be, of subsection (2) of section 241 to be the liquidator of the company and substituting any person who is permitted to act as a liquidator of the company in accordance with section 280.

(3)

Section 283 is amended by repealing subsection (6) subsections (5) and (6) and substituting the following subsection subsections:

(5)

If a vacancy occurs in the office of liquidator, the person vacating office must, as soon as practicable, give written notice of the vacancy to the Registrar.

(6)

If, as the result of the vacation of office by a liquidator other than an Official Assignee, no person is acting as liquidator, the Registrar may appoint a person to act an Official Assignee or a licensed insolvency practitioner as liquidator.

(4)

Section 283(7) is amended by omitting “, or the Official Assignee for New Zealand, appoint any person who could be appointed as liquidator under paragraph (a) or paragraph (b) or paragraph (c), as the case may be, of subsection (2) of section 241 and substituting appoint any person who is permitted to act as a liquidator of the company in accordance with section 280.

(4A)

Section 283(8) is amended by omitting within 10 working days of being appointed or being notified of his or her appointment and substituting before the end of the next working day after appointment.

(5)

Section 283(9) is repealed.

(5)

Section 283 is amended by repealing subsection (9) and substituting the following subsection:

(9)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (5) or (8) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

5D New section 283A inserted

The following section is inserted after section 283:

283A Provision of documents and property to liquidator’s successor information and assistance to replacement liquidator

(1)

This section applies if the office of liquidator becomes vacant and a new a replacement liquidator is appointed.

(2)

The person who was acting as liquidator immediately before the office of liquidator became vacant must, where practicable, provide to his or her successor the information and assistance that the successor reasonably requires to take over the duties of liquidator, including providing

(a)

books, records, and documents of the company:

(b)

other property of the company:

(c)

all claims:

(d)

accounts and records of the liquidation.

(2)

The previous liquidator must, where practicable, provide to the replacement liquidator the information that the previous liquidator has in their possession or under their control and that the replacement liquidator reasonably requires to carry out the functions and duties of a liquidator.

(2A)

The information referred to in subsection (2) includes

(a)

the records and other documents of the company:

(b)

any information necessary to provide the replacement liquidator with control over the property of the company:

(c)

any information relating to claims:

(d)

accounting records and other documents of the liquidation.

(2B)

The previous liquidator must, where practicable, provide to the replacement liquidator any assistance that the replacement liquidator reasonably requires to carry out the functions and duties of a liquidator.

(3)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (2) or (2B) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

5E New section 285 substituted

Section 285 is repealed and the following section substituted:

285 Meaning of failure to comply

(1)

In section 286, failure to comply means a person’s failure of a person to comply with an enactment, a rule of law, or a court order, to the extent that it the enactment, rule, or order applies to the person in the person’s capacity as an insolvency practitioner a liquidator.

(2)

In proceedings under section 286,

(a)

a finding of any fact made in proceedings before the District Court or High Court for an offence under this Act or any other enactment that there was a failure to comply is prima facie evidence of that fact:

(b)

a finding described in paragraph (a) may be proved by production of a document under the seal of the court in which the finding was made.

Compare: 1986 No 121 s 46

6 Orders to enforce liquidator’s duties

(1)

Section 286(1) is amended by adding the following paragraph:

(i)

the Registrar.

(1A)

Section 286(4) is amended by omitting section 280 in each place where it appears and substituting in each case section 280(2).

(2)

Section 286 is amended by repealing subsections (3) to (5) and substituting the following subsections:

(3)

If the court is satisfied that there is, or has been, a failure to comply, the court may

(a)

relieve the liquidator of the duty to comply wholly or in part; or

(b)

order the liquidator to comply to the extent specified in the order; or

(c)

remove the liquidator from office; or

(d)

make a prohibition order.

(4)

A court may, in relation to a person who is or becomes disqualified under section 280(2) from becoming or remaining a liquidator,

(a)

remove the person from office; or

(b)

order that the person may be appointed and act, or may continue to act, as a liquidator, despite section 280(2).

(5)

If the court is satisfied that a person is unfit to act as a liquidator by reason of persistent failures to comply or the seriousness of a failure to comply, the court must make a prohibition order.

(5A)

The period of a prohibition order under this section is a matter for the discretion of the court, and the court may make a prohibition order permanent.

(5B)

However, the court may make a prohibition order permanent, or for a period longer than 10 years, only in the most serious of cases for which an order may be made.

(3)

Section 286 is amended by repealing subsection (6) and substituting the following subsection:

(6)

A person to whom a prohibition order applies

(a)

must not act (or continue to act) as an insolvency practitioner; and

(b)

must be treated as if they are not a licensed insolvency practitioner (see section 21 of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010.)

(1B)

Section 286(9) is amended by omitting Official Assignee for New Zealand who must keep it on a file indexed by reference to the name of the liquidator concerned and substituting Registrar.

(4)

Section 286 is amended by repealing subsection (9) and substituting the following subsections:

(9)

A copy of every order made under this section must be delivered by the applicant to the Registrar before the end of the working day after the day on which the order was made.

(10)

The Registrar must provide a copy of the order to each accredited body (within the meaning of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010) before the end of the working day after the day on which the Registrar receives a copy of the order.

6A New heading and sections 296A to 296D inserted

The following heading and sections are inserted after section 296:

Voidable dispositions

296A Dispositions of property after application but before appointment of liquidator

(1)

A disposition of a company’s property is voidable if it is made during the specified period.

(2)

However, the disposition is not voidable if it was made

(a)

in the ordinary course of business of the company; or

(b)

by an administrator, a deed administrator, or a receiver, on the company’s behalf; or

(c)

under an order of the court.

(3)

In this section,

disposition has the same meaning as in section 345 of the Property Law Act 2007

property has the same meaning as in section 345 of the Property Law Act 2007

specified period means the period beginning on the date on which an application is made to appoint a liquidator under section 241(2)(c) and ending at the time the liquidator is appointed (or the court otherwise disposes of the application).

296B Procedure for setting aside dispositions

(1)

A liquidator who wishes to set aside a disposition that is voidable under section 296A must

(a)

file a notice with the court; and

(b)

serve the notice as soon as practicable on

(i)

the party to which the disposition was made; and

(ii)

any other party from whom the liquidator intends to recover.

(2)

The notice must

(a)

be in writing; and

(b)

state the liquidator’s postal, email, and street addresses; and

(c)

specify the disposition to be set aside; and

(d)

describe the property or state the amount that the liquidator wishes to recover; and

(e)

state that the person named in the notice may object to the disposition being set aside by sending to the liquidator a written notice of objection that is received by the liquidator at an address stated in the liquidator’s notice within 20 working days after the notice has been served on that person; and

(f)

state that the written notice of objection must contain full particulars of the reasons for objecting and must identify any documents that evidence or substantiate the reasons for objecting; and

(g)

state that the disposition will be set aside as against the person named in the notice if that person does not object; and

(h)

state that if the person named in the notice does object, the liquidator may apply to the court for the disposition to be set aside.

(3)

The disposition is automatically set aside as against the person on whom the liquidator has served the notice unless that person has sent to the liquidator a written notice of objection that is received by the liquidator at an address stated in the liquidator’s notice within 20 working days after the liquidator’s notice has been served on that person.

(4)

The notice of objection must contain full particulars of the reasons for objecting and must identify any documents that evidence or substantiate the reasons for objecting.

(5)

A disposition that is not automatically set aside may still be set aside by the court on the liquidator’s application.

296C Other orders

If a disposition is set aside under section 296B, the court may make 1 or more of the following orders:

(a)

an order that a person transfer to the company

(i)

property that the company disposed of:

(ii)

any proceeds of property referred to in subparagraph (i):

(iii)

property that, in the court’s opinion, fairly represents the application of proceeds referred to in subparagraph (ii):

(b)

an order that a person pay to the company an amount that, in the court’s opinion, fairly represents some or all of the benefits that the person has received because of the disposition:

(c)

an order releasing, in whole or in part, a charge given by the company:

(d)

an order requiring security to be given for the discharge of an order made under this section:

(e)

an order specifying the extent to which a person affected by the setting aside of a disposition by an order made under this section is entitled to claim as a creditor in the liquidation.

296D Additional provisions relating to setting aside dispositions

(1)

The setting aside of a disposition or an order made under section 296C does not affect the title or interest of a person in property that the person has acquired

(a)

from a person other than the company; and

(b)

for valuable consideration; and

(c)

without knowing the circumstances in which the property was acquired from the company.

(2)

The setting aside of a charge or an order made under section 296C does not affect the title or interest of a person in property that the person has acquired

(a)

as the result of the exercise of a power of sale by the mortgagee of the charge; and

(b)

for valuable consideration; and

(c)

without knowing the circumstances relating to the giving of the charge.

(3)

A court must not order the recovery of property of a company (or its equivalent value) by a liquidator, whether under this Act, any other enactment, or in law or in equity, if the person from whom recovery is sought (A) proves that when A received the property

(a)

A acted in good faith; and

(b)

a reasonable person in A’s position would not have suspected, and A did not have reasonable grounds to suspect, that the company was, or would become, insolvent; and

(c)

A gave value for the property or altered A’s position in the reasonably held belief that the transfer of the property to A was valid and would not be set aside.

(4)

Nothing in the Land Transfer Act 2017 restricts the operation of this section or sections 296A to 296C.

7 Establishment of Liquidation Surplus Account

Section 316(4) is amended by adding ; or and also by adding the following paragraph:

(c)

paid, subject to such conditions as the Official Assignee for New Zealand may impose, to the Registrar to meet or assist in meeting the reasonable costs and expenses incurred by the Registrar in exercising powers, performing functions or duties, or providing services under this Act or the Receiverships Act 1993 in relation to insolvency practitioners.

7A New Part 16A inserted

The following Part is inserted after section 316B:

Part 16A Insolvency practitioners

316C Purpose of Part

The purpose of this Part is to establish a compulsory register of insolvency practitioners to enable

(a)

the public to access certain information about insolvency practitioners; and

(b)

the Registrar to more effectively regulate insolvency practitioners.

316D Ministry must review and report on operation of this Part

(1)

The Ministry must, no later than 4 years after the commencement of this Part,

(a)

review the operation of this Part since the commencement of this section; and

(b)

prepare a report on the review for the Minister.

(2)

The report on the review must include recommendations to the Minister on whether any amendments to the law regulating insolvency practitioners are necessary or desirable.

(3)

As soon as practicable after receiving the report, the Minister must present a copy of that report to the House of Representatives.

(4)

In this section,

Minister means the Minister of the Crown who, under the authority of any warrant or with the authority of the Prime Minister, is for the time being responsible for the administration of this Act

Ministry means the department of State that, with the authority of the Prime Minister, is for the time being responsible for the administration of this Act.

Subpart 1Registration of insolvency practitioners

Registration of insolvency practitioners

316E Insolvency practitioners must be registered

(1)

A person must not, unless the person is a registered insolvency practitioner,

(a)

be appointed or act as an insolvency practitioner; or

(b)

hold out that he or she is eligible to be appointed or act as an insolvency practitioner.

(2)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(3).

(3)

This section does not apply to an Official Assignee.

316F Eligibility for registration

(1)

A person is eligible to be a registered insolvency practitioner if the person is a natural person of at least 18 years of age.

(2)

However, unless the court orders otherwise, a person is not eligible to be a registered insolvency practitioner if the person

Specific prohibitions

(a)

is prohibited from acting as an administrator in a current or other administration, or a deed administrator of a current or other deed of company arrangement, by an order made under section 239ADV(1):

(b)

is prohibited from acting as a liquidator in a current or other liquidation, or a receiver in a current or other receivership, by an order made under section 286(5) of this Act or section 37(6) of the Receiverships Act 1993:

(c)

has, within the preceding 5 years,

(i)

had his or her registration as an insolvency practitioner cancelled under section 316M(1)(a) (unless the person is a person specified in paragraph (a) or (b) of this subsection):

(ii)

been convicted of an offence against section 316G(5) or 316L(4):

Expulsions from relevant professional bodies

(d)

is a lawyer whose membership of the New Zealand Law Society is revoked or suspended:

(e)

is an accountant whose membership of the New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants is revoked or suspended:

(f)

is a member of a prescribed professional body whose membership of that body is revoked or suspended:

Prohibitions from being director

(g)

has, at any time within the preceding 5 years, been a person described in section 151(2)(b) to (f) (certain disqualifications from being appointed or holding office as a director of a company):

(h)

is prohibited under section 299(1)(a) to (c) of the Insolvency Act 2006 from entering into, carrying on, or taking part in the management or control of a business or class of business, being a director of a company, or directly or indirectly being concerned, or taking part, in the management of a company:

Personally insolvent

(i)

has made a proposal to creditors for the payment or satisfaction of debts under section 326 of the Insolvency Act 2006, and those debts remain outstanding:

(j)

is subject to a summary instalment order made under subpart 3 of Part 5 of the Insolvency Act 2006:

(k)

is a debtor participating in the no asset procedure under subpart 4 of Part 5 of the Insolvency Act 2006:

Other

(l)

has been convicted of a crime involving dishonesty (as defined in section 2(1) of the Crimes Act 1961):

(m)

is, or is deemed to be, subject to a compulsory treatment order made under Part 2 of the Mental Health (Compulsory Assessment and Treatment) Act 1992.

316G Application to be registered

(1)

A person who wishes to be a registered insolvency practitioner may apply to the Registrar in writing.

(2)

The application must include the following:

(a)

the person’s full name:

(b)

the person’s business address (physical and postal):

(c)

the name and contact details of any relevant professional body of which the person is a member (for example, the New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants or the New Zealand Law Society).

(3)

The application must be accompanied by the following:

(a)

the application fee (if any) prescribed by regulations for the purposes of this section:

(b)

certification by the person that he or she is eligible to be an insolvency practitioner.

(4)

The application must include or be accompanied by any other information or documents prescribed by regulations for the purposes of this section.

(5)

A person commits an offence, and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(3), who, in applying for registration as an insolvency practitioner, makes a representation or an omission knowing that the representation or omission makes the application false or misleading in a material particular.

316H Registration of insolvency practitioners

If the Registrar accepts that a person is eligible under section 316F and has applied in accordance with section 316G, the Registrar must

(a)

register the person as an insolvency practitioner by recording the person’s details on the register; and

(b)

notify the person of the month in which the person’s annual confirmation under section 316L is due each year.

316I Rejection of application for registration

(1)

The Registrar must reject a person’s application for registration if

(a)

the person is not eligible under section 316F; or

(b)

the person has not applied in accordance with section 316G.

(2)

As soon as practicable after rejecting a person’s application for registration, the Registrar must give the person written notice of the following matters:

(a)

that the person’s application has been rejected:

(b)

the reasons for rejecting the application:

(c)

that there is a right to appeal against the Registrar’s decisions under section 370.

Duties of insolvency practitioners relating to registration

316J Insolvency practitioners must notify Registrar of changes in registration details

A registered insolvency practitioner must, as soon as practicable after a change in any of the details recorded on the register in relation to that practitioner, notify the Registrar of the change.

316K Insolvency practitioners must notify Registrar if no longer eligible for registration

(1)

A registered insolvency practitioner must, as soon as practicable after he or she becomes ineligible under section 316F(2) to be a registered insolvency practitioner, notify the Registrar of that fact.

(2)

A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(3).

316L Insolvency practitioners must file annual confirmation of registration details

(1)

A registered insolvency practitioner must file with the Registrar an annual confirmation of the registration details relating to that insolvency practitioner.

(2)

The annual confirmation must

(a)

be filed each year no later than the end of the month in which it is due (as notified by the Registrar under section 316H); and

(b)

be in the form (if any) required by the Registrar; and

(c)

confirm that the person is still eligible under section 316F to be a registered insolvency practitioner; and

(d)

confirm that the person’s registration details are correct; and

(e)

be accompanied by the fee prescribed by regulations (if any) for the purposes of this section; and

(f)

include, or be accompanied by, any other information or documents prescribed by regulations for the purposes of this section.

(3)

Despite subsection (2)(a), a registered insolvency practitioner

(a)

is not required to file an annual confirmation earlier than 1 year after becoming registered; and

(b)

may, with the written approval of the Registrar, file the annual confirmation in a different month from that notified by the Registrar under section 316H.

(4)

A person commits an offence, and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(3), who, in an annual confirmation, makes a representation or an omission knowing that the representation or omission makes the application false or misleading in a material particular.

Cancellation of registration of insolvency practitioners

316M Cancellation of registration

(1)

The Registrar must cancel a person’s registration as an insolvency practitioner, after complying with the notice requirements set out in section 316O, if the Registrar is satisfied that the person is

(a)

unfit to act as an insolvency practitioner by reason of 2 or more failures to comply or the seriousness of a failure to comply; or

(b)

registered as an insolvency practitioner because of a false or misleading representation or omission; or

(c)

no longer eligible to be a registered insolvency practitioner.

(2)

The Registrar may cancel a person’s registration as an insolvency practitioner, after the notice period described in section 316O, if the Registrar is satisfied that the person has failed to file an annual confirmation in accordance with section 316L.

(3)

As soon as practicable after cancelling a person’s registration, the Registrar must

(a)

remove the person’s details from the register; and

(b)

give the person written notice of the following matters:

(i)

that the person’s registration has been cancelled:

(ii)

the reasons for cancelling the registration:

(iii)

that there is a right to appeal against the Registrar’s decisions under section 370.

(4)

In subsection (1)(a), failure to comply means a failure to comply as defined in section 239ADV(5) or 285 of this Act or section 36 of the Receiverships Act 1993.

316N Person may request that Registrar cancel registration

(1)

A registered insolvency practitioner who is not currently appointed as, or acting as, an insolvency practitioner may request in writing that the Registrar cancel the person’s registration.

(2)

As soon as practicable after receiving the request, or on a future date requested by the person, the Registrar must

(a)

cancel the person’s registration; and

(b)

remove the person’s details from the register; and

(c)

give the person written notice that the person’s registration has been cancelled.

316O Notice of intention to cancel registration

(1)

Before cancelling a person’s registration under section 316M, the Registrar must comply with subsection (3).

(2)

However, the Registrar need not comply with subsection (3) if the person has notified the Registrar under section 316K that he or she is no longer eligible to be a registered insolvency practitioner.

(3)

The Registrar must

(a)

give the person at least 20 working days’ written notice (the notice period) of the following matters:

(i)

that the Registrar may cancel the person’s registration under section 316M; and

(ii)

the reasons why the Registrar is considering cancelling the person’s registration; and

(b)

give the person the opportunity to object, in writing, during the notice period; and

(c)

consider any objections made by the person.

316P Effect of cancelled registration on current administrations and liquidations

(1)

This section applies if

(a)

the Registrar cancels a person’s registration as an insolvency practitioner (person A); and

(b)

person A was, immediately before the registration was cancelled, acting as the administrator of a company in administration, deed administrator of a company under a deed of company arrangement, or liquidator of a company in liquidation.

(2)

The Registrar must appoint another person (person B) to act as the administrator, deed administrator, or liquidator (as the case may be).

(3)

The Registrar must not appoint a person under subsection (2) who is not eligible to be appointed

(a)

under section 239F, if the person is to act as an administrator; or

(b)

under section 239ACD, if the person is to act as a deed administrator; or

(c)

under section 280, if the person is to act as a liquidator.

(4)

Person B must, as soon as practicable after being appointed,

(a)

give each director, officer, creditor, and shareholder of the company in administration or liquidation written notice of the following matters:

(i)

that person B has been appointed by the Registrar to act as the administrator, deed administrator, or liquidator (as the case may be):

(ii)

that person A is no longer eligible to act as an insolvency practitioner because the Registrar has cancelled that person’s registration:

(iii)

the grounds on which the Registrar cancelled person A’s registration; and

(b)

if appointed as an administrator, comply with section 239T.

Subpart 2Register of insolvency practitioners

316Q Register of insolvency practitioners

The Registrar must establish and maintain a register of insolvency practitioners.

316R Operation of and access to register

(1)

The register may be kept as an electronic register or in any other manner that the Registrar thinks fit.

(2)

Subject to subsection (3), the register must be available for access and searching by members of the public at all times.

(3)

The Registrar may refuse access to the register or suspend its operation, in whole or in part, if the Registrar considers that it is not practical to provide access to the register.

316S Purposes of register

The purposes of the register are

(a)

to enable members of the public to

(i)

determine whether a person is a registered insolvency practitioner; and

(ii)

choose an insolvency practitioner from a list of registered insolvency practitioners; and

(iii)

know how to contact an insolvency practitioner; and

(b)

to assist any person in the exercise of the person’s powers, or the performance of the person’s functions, under this Act or any other enactment.

316T Contents of register

The register must contain the following information about each registered insolvency practitioner:

(a)

the person’s full name:

(b)

the person’s business address (physical and postal):

(c)

the name and contact details of any relevant professional bodies of which the person is a member (for example, the New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants or the New Zealand Law Society):

(d)

any other information or documents prescribed by regulations for the purpose of this section.

316U Registrar may amend, omit, remove, or restrict access to information in register

The Registrar may make any amendments to the register that are necessary to

(a)

reflect any changes in the information that is contained in the register; or

(b)

correct a mistake caused by any error or omission on the part of the Registrar.

316V Searches of register

The register may be searched for the following purposes:

(a)

by an individual, or a person with the consent of the individual, for the purpose of searching for information about that individual in accordance with the Privacy Act 1993:

(b)

by a person for a purpose specified in section 316S(a):

(c)

by a person exercising powers or performing functions under this Act or any other enactment, for a purpose specified in section 316S(b):

(d)

by a person for the purpose of advising another person in connection with any of the purposes referred to in this section.

316W When search breaches information privacy principle

A person who searches the register for personal information for a purpose that is not a purpose set out in section 316S must be treated, for the purposes of Part 8 of the Privacy Act 1993, as if that person has breached an information privacy principle under section 66(1)(a)(i) of that Act.

316X Crown and Registrar not liable for act or omission

The Crown and the Registrar cannot be sued for any act or omission in relation to the maintenance of the register done or omitted to be done in good faith and with reasonable care.

Subpart 3Miscellaneous

316Y Interests statement

(1)

This section sets out the requirements for the interests statement referred to in

(a)

sections 239R(2)(b)(ii)(C) and 239AP(1)(a), in the case of an administrator:

(b)

section 239ACE(1)(c), in the case of a deed administrator:

(c)

section 255(2)(c)(ii)(D), in the case of a liquidator.

(2)

The interests statement must disclose whether the insolvency practitioner, or a firm of which the insolvency practitioner is a partner, has a relationship (whether professional, business, or personal) with,

(a)

in the case of an administrator, the company in administration or any of its officers, shareholders, or creditors; or

(b)

in the case of a deed administrator, the company under the deed of company arrangement or any of its officers, shareholders, or creditors; or

(c)

in the case of a liquidator, the company in liquidation or any of its officers, shareholders, or creditors.

(3)

The insolvency practitioner must, in preparing the interests statement, make the inquiries that are reasonably necessary for ensuring that the interests statement is complete.

316Z Restrictions relating to remuneration

(1)

An insolvency practitioner must not, unless authorised by this Act or the Receiverships Act 1993, make any arrangement for, or accept from any person, any benefit beyond the remuneration to which he or she is entitled as administrator, deed administrator, liquidator, or receiver, as the case may be.

(2)

An insolvency practitioner must not make any arrangement for giving up, whether in whole or in part, his or her remuneration to any person.

(3)

A person who fails to comply with this section commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

316ZA Restriction on purchase of assets

(1)

This section applies to the following persons:

(a)

in the case of a company in administration,

(i)

the administrator:

(ii)

a member of a creditors’ committee:

(b)

in the case of a company under a deed of company arrangement,

(i)

the deed administrator:

(ii)

a member of a creditors’ committee:

(c)

in the case of a company in liquidation,

(i)

the liquidator:

(ii)

a member of a liquidation committee:

(d)

in the case of a company or other entity in receivership, the receiver.

(2)

A person to whom this section applies must not purchase any part of the assets of the company or entity (as the case may be) without the leave of the court.

(3)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (2) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

(4)

The court may give leave for the purpose of subsection (2) on the terms and conditions that it thinks fit.

(5)

The court may set aside a purchase that does not comply with subsection (2) and grant the consequential relief that it thinks fit.

316ZB Restriction on purchase of goods or services from person connected with insolvency practitioner

(1)

An insolvency practitioner must not, without the leave of the court, in that person’s capacity as an administrator, deed administrator, liquidator, or receiver, purchase goods or services from a person (person A) whose connection with the insolvency practitioner would result in the insolvency practitioner directly or indirectly obtaining a portion of the benefit (if any) arising out of the transaction.

(2)

However, subsection (1) does not apply to transactions that are an integral part of a continuing business relationship between,

(a)

in the case of a company in administration, that company and person A; and

(b)

in the case of a company under a deed of company arrangement, that company and person A; and

(c)

in the case of an entity in receivership, that entity and person A.

(3)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to the penalty set out in section 373(2).

(4)

The court may give leave for the purpose of subsection (1) on the terms and conditions that it thinks fit.

(5)

The court may disallow or recover any benefit made contrary to subsection (1).

Amendments to Part 20 (Registrar of Companies)

7A Registrar and Deputy Registrars of Companies

(1)

Section 357(1)(b) is amended by inserting , Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010, after purposes of this Act.

(2)

Section 357(2) is amended by inserting Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010, after under this Act,.

Amendments to Part 21 (Offences and penalties)

8 Penalty for failure to comply with Act

(1)

Section 373(2) is amended by inserting the following paragraphs after paragraph (l):

(la)

section 239F(4) (which relates to being appointed as an administrator when disqualified):

(laa)

section 239G(2) (which relates to the duty of administrators to certify certain matters before appointment):

(lb)

section 239R(3) (which relates to the duty of replacement administrators tabling to table an interests statement):

(lc)

section 239TA(3) (which relates to the duty of administrators providing to provide information and assistance to their successor on vacating office):

(ld)

section 239AI(4) (which relates to administrators reporting misconduct):

(ld)

section 239AMB(5) (which relates to the duty of administrators to give notice to creditors in certain circumstances):

(le)

section 239AP(2) (which relates to the duty of administrators tabling an interests statement to table certain documents):

(lf)

section 239ABYA(2) (which relates to the duty of administrators providing to provide information and assistance to liquidators):

(lg)

section 239ACD(4) (which relates to being appointed as a deed administrator when disqualified):

(lh)

section 239ACE(2) (which relates to the duty of deed administrators tabling an interests statement to certify certain matters and table certain documents before appointment):

(li)

section 239ACJA(3) (which relates to the duty of deed administrators providing to provide information and assistance to their successor on vacating office):

(lj)

section 239ACZ(4) (which relates to the duty of administrators filing to file accounts):

(lja)

section 239ACZAA(3) (which relates to the duty of administrators to file updates to interests statements):

(lk)

section 239ACZA(4) (which relates to the duty of administrators and deed administrators submitting to file summary reports):

(ll)

section 243A(3) (which relates to declarations made by directors about a company’s ability to pay its debts):

(lm)

section 245C(5) (which relates to the duty of liquidators to give notice to creditors in certain circumstances):

(2)

Section 373(2) is amended by inserting the following paragraphs after paragraph (m) repealing paragraph (ma) and substituting the following paragraphs:

(maama)

section 255(3C) (which relates to the duty of liquidators sending to send an interests statement and interim initial and 6-monthly reports):

(mabmb)

section 256(3) 256(4) (which relates to the duty of liquidators keeping accounts and records to keep records and documents):

(mac)

section 256A(4) (which relates to liquidators’ duties in relation to company funds):

(madmc)

section 257(3) (which relates to the duty of liquidators submitting to submit final reports and summary reports):

(3)

Section 373(2) is amended by repealing paragraph (n) and substituting the following paragraphs:

(n)

section 280(4) (which relates to being appointed as a liquidator when disqualified):

(naa)

section 282(2) (which relates to the duty of liquidators to certify certain matters before appointment):

(nab)

section 283(9) (which relates to the duty of liquidators to notify the Registrar of certain matters):

(na)

section 283A(3) (which relates to the duty of liquidators providing to provide information and assistance to their successor on vacating office):

(nb)

section 316Z(3) (which relates to remuneration of insolvency practitioners):

(nc)

section 316ZA(3) (which relates to insolvency practitioners purchasing assets of a company in administration or liquidation, a company under a deed of company arrangement, or an entity in receivership):

(nd)

section 316ZB(3) (which relates to insolvency practitioners purchasing goods or services from a connected person):

(4)

Section 373(3) is amended by adding the following paragraphs:inserting the following paragraph before paragraph (a):

(aa)

section 256A(4) (which relates to the duty of liquidators to hold the money of a company on trust):

(d)

section 316E(2) (which relates to being appointed or acting as an insolvency practitioner when not registered):

(e)

section 316G(5) (which relates to a false or misleading representation or omission in an application to be registered as an insolvency practitioner):

(f)

section 316K(2) (which relates to insolvency practitioners notifying the Register after becoming ineligible for registration):

(g)

section 316L(4) (which relates to a false or misleading representation or omission in an insolvency practitioner’s annual confirmation of registration details).

Amendment to Part 22 (Miscellaneous)

10 Regulations

(1)

Section 395(1) is amended by inserting the following paragraphs paragraph after paragraph (cb):

(cba)

prescribing information that must be contained in a summary report a report or statement for the purpose of—

(i)

section 239ACZA(3), in the case of an administrator or deed administrator; or

(ii)

section 257(1)(c), in the case of a liquidator; or

(i)

section 239ACZA(3), 243A(2), 255(2)(c)(ii), 255(2)(d), 257(1)(a), or 257(1)(c); or

(iii)

section 24(3) or 24A(2) of the Receiverships Act 1993, in the case of a receiver in relation to a receivership under that Act:

(cbb)

prescribing professional bodies for the purpose of section 316F(2)(f) (which makes a person ineligible for registration as an insolvency practitioner if the person’s membership of that body has been revoked or suspended):

(cbc)

prescribing information or documents that must be included in or with an application for registration as an insolvency practitioner for the purpose of section 316G(4):

(cbd)

prescribing information or documents that must be included in or with an annual confirmation for the purpose of section 316L(2)(f):

(cbe)

prescribing information that must be contained in the register of insolvency practitioners for the purpose of section 316T(d):

(2)

Section 395 is amended by adding the following subsection:

(3)

Regulations made under this section may provide for different regulations to apply in respect of different kinds or classes of persons or circumstances.

Subpart 2—Consequential amendments and transitional provisions

Consequential amendments

10A New Part 2 added to Schedule 1AA

Schedule 1AA is amended by adding the Part 2 set out in Schedule 1 of this Act.

11 Consequential amendments

The enactments listed in the Schedule The enactments specified in Schedule 2 are amended in the manner indicated in that schedule.

Transitional provisions

11A Delayed application of section 316E

Section 316E of the principal Act, as inserted by section 7A of this Act, does not apply to a person until the earlier of the following:

(a)

the day on which the person is first registered as an insolvency practitioner under section 316H of the principal Act as inserted by section 7A of this Act:

(b)

3 months after the day on which section 316E comes into force.

11B Existing court orders relating to appointments

(1)

This section applies to a court order that

(a)

is made under section 239F(2), 239ACD(2), or 280(2) of the principal Act, or section 5(1) of the Receiverships Act 1993, as in force immediately before the day on which this Act comes into force; and

(b)

permits a person to be appointed

(i)

as administrator, deed administrator, or liquidator (as the case may be) despite being a person described in section 280(1)(d) to (m) of the principal Act as in force immediately before the day on which this Act comes into force; or

(ii)

as receiver despite being a person described in section 5(2)(e) to (l) of the Receiverships Act 1993 as in force immediately before the day on which this Act comes into force; and

(c)

is in force on the day on which this Act comes into force.

(2)

Until the order ceases to be in force, the order must be treated as if it

(a)

were made under section 316F(2) of the principal Act (as inserted by section 7A of this Act); and

(b)

provides that the person is eligible to be a registered insolvency practitioner despite the person being ineligible under section 316F(2).

(3)

However, a person is not eligible to be a registered insolvency practitioner if the person is ineligible under section 316F(2) for a reason that is not covered by the court order.

Part 2 Amendments to Receiverships Act 1993

12 Principal Act amended

This Part amends the Receiverships Act 1993.

12A Interpretation

(1)

Section 2(1) is amended by inserting the following definitions in their appropriate alphabetical order:

insolvency practitioner means any of the following:

(a)

an administrator or deed administrator (as defined in section 239B of the Companies Act 1993):

(b)

a liquidator (as defined in section 240(1) of the Companies Act 1993):

(c)

a receiver

registered insolvency practitioner means an insolvency practitioner who is registered under section 316H of the Companies Act 1993

insolvency practitioner has the same meaning as in section 18(1) of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010

licensed insolvency practitioner has the same meaning as in section 18(1) of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010

prohibition order means an order made under section 37(6) or under section 239ADV(1) or 286(5) of the Companies Act 1993 that prohibits a person from acting as an insolvency practitioner

related company has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Companies Act 1993

(2)

Section 2 is amended by adding the following subsection:

(3)

A requirement in this Act for a person to provide a notice or other document may be satisfied by the person providing the notice or other document by electronic means in accordance with Part 4 of the Contract and Commercial Law Act 2017.

12B New sections 3A and 3B inserted

The following sections are inserted after section 3:

3A Transitional, savings, and related provisions

The transitional, savings, and related provisions set out in Schedule 1AA have effect according to their terms.

3B Act binds the Crown

This Act binds the Crown.

13 New section 5 substituted

Section 5 is repealed and the following section substituted:

5 Who may be appointed as receiver

(1)

A person who is a registered insolvency practitioner, and who is not disqualified under subsection (2), may be appointed as a receiver.

(1)

A person may be appointed as a receiver if the person

(a)

is a licensed insolvency practitioner who is permitted to act as a receiver in accordance with Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010; and

(b)

is not disqualified under subsection (2).

(2)

Unless the court orders otherwise, the following persons are disqualified from being appointed or acting as a receiver:

(a)

a mortgagee of the property in receivership:

(b)

a person who is, or who has, within the period of 2 years immediately preceding 2 years immediately before the commencement of the receivership, been,

(i)

a director or an auditor of the grantor or of a related company of the grantor; or

(ii)

a director of the mortgagee of the property in receivership:

(c)

a person who has, or who has had, within the period of 2 years preceding 2 years immediately before the commencement of the receivership, an interest, whether direct or indirect, in

(i)

a direct interest in a share issued by the grantor; or

(ii)

an indirect interest in 5% or more of any class of shares issued by the mortgagee of the property in receivership grantor:

(ca)

if the grantor is a company, a person who has

(i)

a direct interest in a share issued by a related company of the grantor; or

(ii)

an indirect interest in 5% or more of any class of shares issued by a related company of the grantor:

(d)

a person who is a relative (as defined in section 2(1) of the Companies Act 1993) of a person specified in paragraph (b) or (c) any of paragraphs (b) to (ca):

(e)

a person who is disqualified from acting as a receiver by the instrument that confers the power to appoint a receiver:

(f)

a person to whom a prohibition order applies:

(g)

if the property in receivership includes a company, a person who is, or who has been, in the 2 years immediately before the commencement of the receivership, an administrator, a deed administrator, or a liquidator of the company.

(3)

A person who is appointed or acts as a receiver despite being disqualified under subsection (2) commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000.

(3)

A person commits an offence if

(a)

the person knows or ought reasonably to know that they are disqualified under subsection (2); and

(b)

the person,

(i)

with their consent, is appointed as a receiver; or

(ii)

acts as a receiver.

(4)

A person who commits an offence under subsection (3) is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $75,000.

(5)

See also section 21(2) of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010.

13A New section 6A inserted

The following section is inserted after section 6:

6A What receiver must do before appointment

(1)

A person must not be appointed as a receiver unless that person has certified in writing to the appointor of the receiver that he or she is not disqualified from appointment by section 5(2). the person has

(a)

consented in writing to the appointment and has not withdrawn the consent at the time of the appointment; and

(b)

certified in writing that the person is a licensed insolvency practitioner who is not disqualified from appointment under section 5(2); and

(c)

provided to the mortgagee the written consent and certificate required under paragraphs (a) and (b).

(2)

A person commits an offence if

(a)

the person, with their consent, is appointed as a receiver despite failing to certify the matters set out in subsection (1)(b); or

(b)

the person fails to comply with subsection (1)(c).

(3)

A person who commits an offence under this section is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000.

13B Notice of appointment

(1)

Section 8(1) is amended by repealing paragraph (a) and substituting the following paragraph:

(a)

give to the grantor

(i)

written notice of his or her appointment; and

(ii)

a notice stating that insolvency practitioners are required to be registered, that the Registrar can cancel a person’s registration on a number of grounds, and that more information about the regulation of insolvency practitioners is available from the Registrar; and

(2)

Section 8(1)(b) is amended by adding the following subparagraph:

(v)

the notice referred to in paragraph (a)(ii).

13B Notice of appointment

(1)

Section 8 is amended by repealing subsection (1) and substituting the following subsection:

(1)

A receiver must, before the end of the next working day after the receiver’s appointment,

(a)

give to the grantor written notice of the appointment; and

(b)

give to the Registrar written notice of the appointment, including

(i)

the receiver’s full name:

(ii)

the date of the appointment:

(iii)

the receiver’s business address:

(iv)

a brief description of the property in receivership:

(v)

the name of the person who appointed the receiver or, if the receiver was appointed by the court, the name of the person who applied for the receiver to be appointed:

(vi)

a description of the deed, agreement, or instrument by or under which the receiver was appointed:

(vii)

a copy of the notice referred to in paragraph (a).

(1A)

Section 8 is amended by inserting the following subsection after subsection (1):

(1A)

Within 5 working days after the receiver’s appointment, the receiver must give notice of the appointment, including the matters described in subsection (1)(b)(i) to (vi), in accordance with section 3(1)(a).

(2)

Section 8 is amended by repealing subsection (3) and substituting the following subsection:

(3)

A notice given under this section must include a statement that receivers are required to be licensed insolvency practitioners, and that more information about the regulation of insolvency practitioners is available from the Registrar.

13C Vacancy in office of receiver

(1)

Section 11 is amended by repealing subsection (1) and substituting the following subsection:

(1)

The office of receiver becomes vacant if the person holding office—

(a)

resigns under in accordance with subsection (2); or

(b)

dies; or

(c)

becomes disqualified under section 5(2); or

(d)

has had his or her registration as an insolvency practitioner cancelled under section 316M or 316N of the Companies Act 1993.

(d)

ceases to be a licensed insolvency practitioner who is permitted to act as a receiver for the property in receivership in accordance with Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010.

(2)

Section 11 is amended by repealing subsections (3) and (4) and substituting the following subsections subsection:

(3)

If a vacancy occurs in the office of receiver, the person vacating office or, if that person is unable to act, his or her personal representative must,—

(a)

as soon as practicable,—

(i)

give public notice of the vacancy; and

(ii)

give written notice of the vacancy to the person by whom the receiver was appointed who appointed the receiver (unless the vacancy arose under subsection (1)(a)); and

(b)

if the receiver held office in relation to the property of a company, give written notice of the vacancy, within 7 days of the vacancy occurring, to the Registrar for registration in the register of charges before the end of the next working day after the vacancy arose, to the Registrar (unless the vacancy arose under subsection (1)(d)).

(4)

However,

(a)

a person who vacates office under subsection (1)(a) need not comply with subsection (3)(a)(ii); and

(b)

a person who vacates office under subsection (1)(d) need not comply with subsection (3)(b).

(3)

Section 11(6) is repealed.

(3A)

Section 11(8) is amended by omitting or subsection (4).

(4)

Section 11(8) is amended by omitting “$5,000” and substituting “$10,000”.

13D New section 11A inserted

The following section is inserted after section 11:

11A Provision of documents and property to receiver’s successor information and assistance to replacement receiver

(1)

This section applies if the office of receiver becomes vacant and a new a replacement receiver is appointed.

(2)

The person who was acting as receiver immediately before the office of receiver became vacant must, where practicable, provide to his or her successor the information and assistance that the successor reasonably requires to take over the duties of receiver, including providing any accounts and records of the receivership.

(2)

The previous receiver must, where practicable, provide to the replacement receiver the information that the previous receiver has in their possession or under their control and that the replacement receiver reasonably requires to carry out the functions and duties of receiver, including any accounting records and other documents relating to the property in receivership.

(2A)

The previous receiver must, where practicable, provide to the replacement receiver any assistance that the replacement receiver reasonably requires to carry out the functions and duties of receiver.

(3)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (2) or (2A) commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000.

13E Duty in relation to money

Section 21 is amended by adding the following subsection as subsection (2):

(2)

A person who fails to comply with subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000 $75,000.

13F Accounting records

Section 22 is amended by adding the following subsection:

(3)

A person who fails to comply with this section commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000.

13G Further reports by receiver

(1)

Section 24 is amended by repealing subsection (1) and substituting the following subsection:

(1)

A receiver must, no later than 2 months after the end of each period of 6 months after his or her appointment as receiver, unless the receivership has ended, prepare a further report summarising

(a)

the conduct of the receivership, including all amounts received and paid, during the period; and

(b)

the state of affairs with respect to the property in receivership as at the end of the period.

(2)

Section 24(2) is amended by adding ; and and also by adding the following paragraphs:

(e)

the receiver’s receipts and payments since the date of any previous report, including payer and payee details; and

(f)

the aggregates of the receiver’s receipts and payments since the day on which the receiver was appointed.

(3)

Section 24(3) is amended by omitting required to be prepared in accordance with subsection (1)(a).

13H New section 24A inserted sections 24 and 24A substituted

The following section is inserted after section 24Section 24 is repealed and the following sections are substituted:

24 Further reports by receiver

(1)

The receiver must, not later than 2 months after the end of each period of 6 months after the receiver’s appointment, prepare a further report on the receivership.

(2)

A person who was a receiver at the end of the receivership must, not later than 2 months after the end of the receivership, prepare a further report on the receivership.

(3)

Each report prepared under this section must contain the information prescribed for the purpose of this section by regulations made under section 395(1)(cba) of the Companies Act 1993.

(4)

A receiver preparing a report under subsection (1) may exclude from the report details of any proposals for disposal of property in receivership if the receiver considers that their inclusion would materially prejudice the exercise of the receiver’s functions.

(5)

A person who fails to comply with this section commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000.

24A Summary report by receiver

(1)

The person who was a receiver at the end of a receivership must, as soon as practicable after completing his or her the person’s duties in relation to the receivership, provide to the Registrar, in the manner specified by the Registrar, a summary report on the receivership.

(2)

The summary report must contain the information prescribed for the purpose of this section by regulations made under section 395(1)(cba) of the Companies Act 1993.

(3)

A person who fails to comply with this section commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding $10,000.

13HA Persons entitled to receive reports

Section 26(4) is amended by omitting that is a body corporate.

13HB Section 28 repealed

Section 28 is repealed.

13HC Notice of end of receivership

Section 29(1) is amended by omitting the receivership of a grantor that is a body corporate and substituting a receivership.

13I New section 36 substituted

Section 36 is repealed and the following section substituted:

36 Meaning of failure to comply

(1)

In section 37, failure to comply means a person’s failure of a person to comply with any of the following, to the extent that they apply to the person in the person’s capacity as an insolvency practitioner a receiver:

(a)

the deed, agreement, or order of the court by or under which the receiver was appointed:

(b)

an enactment:

(c)

a rule of law:

(d)

a court order.

(2)

In proceedings under section 37,

(a)

a finding of any fact made in proceedings before the District Court or High Court for an offence under this Act or any other enactment that there was a failure to comply is prima facie evidence of that fact:

(b)

a finding described in paragraph (a) may be proved by production of a document under the seal of the court in which the finding was made.

Compare: 1986 No 121 s 46

14 Orders to enforce receiver’s duties

(1AA)

Section 37(5) is amended by omitting section 5 in each place where it appears and substituting in each case section 5(2).

(1)

Section 37 is amended by repealing subsection (6) and substituting the following subsection:

(6)

If the court is satisfied that a person is unfit to act as a receiver because of persistent failures to comply or the seriousness of a failure to comply,

(a)

the court must make a prohibition order; and

(b)

the period of the order is a matter for the discretion of the court, and the court may make a prohibition order for an indefinite period.

(1)

Section 37 is amended by repealing subsections (4) to (6) and substituting the following subsections:

(4)

If the court is satisfied that there is, or has been, a failure to comply, the court may

(a)

relieve the receiver of the duty to comply wholly or in part; or

(b)

order the receiver to comply to the extent specified in the order; or

(c)

remove the receiver from office; or

(d)

make a prohibition order.

(5)

The court may, in respect of a person who is or becomes disqualified under section 5(2) from becoming or remaining a receiver,

(a)

remove the person from office; or

(b)

order that the person may be appointed and act or may continue to act as a receiver, despite section 5(2).

(6)

If the court is satisfied that a person is unfit to act as a receiver because of persistent failures to comply or the seriousness of a failure to comply, the court must make a prohibition order.

(6A)

The period of a prohibition order under this section is a matter for the discretion of the court, and the court may make a prohibition order permanent.

(6B)

However, the court may make a prohibition order permanent, or for a period longer than 10 years, only in the most serious of cases for which an order may be made.

(2)

Section 37(9) is amended by omitting Official Assignee for New Zealand who must keep it on a public file indexed by reference to the name of the receiver concerned and substituting Registrar.

(2)

Section 37 is amended by repealing subsection (7) and substituting the following subsection:

(7)

A person to whom a prohibition order applies

(a)

must not act (or continue to act) as an insolvency practitioner; and

(b)

must be treated as if they are not a licensed insolvency practitioner (see section 21 of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010.)

(3)

Section 37 is amended by repealing subsection (9) and substituting the following subsections:

(9)

A copy of every order made under this section must be delivered by the applicant to the Registrar before the end of the working day after the day on which the order was made.

(10)

The Registrar must provide a copy of the order to each accredited body (within the meaning of Parts 3 to 6 of the Insolvency Practitioners Act 2010) before the end of the working day after the day on which the Registrar receives a copy of the order.

14A Powers and duties of receivers

Section 40C(2) is amended by omitting the Schedule and substituting Schedule 1.

14B New Schedule 1AA inserted

The Schedule 1AA set out in Schedule 3 of this Act is inserted as the first schedule to appear after the last section of the principal Act.

15 Schedule amended

(1)

The heading to the Schedule is amended by omitting Schedule and substituting Schedule 1.

(2)

Clause 6 of the Schedule is repealed and the following clause substituted:

6 Persons disqualified from appointment

(1)

In addition to the persons specified in section 5(2), a person disqualified by section 3 of the Local Authorities (Members’ Interests) Act 1968 or clause 1 of Schedule 7 of the Local Government Act 2002 from holding office as a member of the local authority is disqualified from being appointed as, or acting as, a receiver, unless the court orders otherwise.

(2)

The reference in section 5(3) to being disqualified under section 5(2) must be read as if it included a reference to being disqualified under subclause (1).

Part 3 Preliminary provisions

16 Purpose

The purpose of Parts 3 to 6 is to regulate insolvency practitioners and to establish an independent oversight system in order to promote

(a)

quality, expertise, and integrity in the profession of insolvency practitioners; and

(b)

compliance with the statutory duties of insolvency practitioners.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 3

17 Overview

(1)

In Parts 3 to 6,

(a)

this Part contains preliminary provisions, including purpose and interpretation provisions:

(b)

Part 4 relates to the licensing of insolvency practitioners as follows:

(i)

subpart 1 requires a person who acts as an insolvency practitioner to hold a licence, and contains provisions relating to licences:

(ii)

subpart 2 relates to the Registrar prescribing licensing and other matters:

(iii)

subpart 3 relates to the register of licensed insolvency practitioners:

(iv)

subpart 4 relates to accredited bodies:

(v)

subpart 5 relates to investigations by the Registrar:

(vi)

subpart 6 relates to overseas practitioners, members of recognised bodies, and members of religious societies and orders:

(c)

Part 5 imposes duties and restrictions on licensed insolvency practitioners:

(d)

Part 6 contains the following provisions:

(i)

subpart 1 relates to solvent company liquidators, and requires a person who acts as a solvent company liquidator to be a licensed insolvency practitioner, a lawyer, a chartered accountant, or a member of a recognised professional body:

(ii)

subpart 2 contains miscellaneous provisions, including a power for the Registrar to act as an accredited body and an offence provision related to false declarations and representations:

(iii)

subpart 3 contains regulation-making powers.

(2)

This section is intended only as a guide to the general scheme and effect of Parts 3 to 6.

18 Interpretation

(1)

In Parts 3 to 6, unless the context otherwise requires,

accredited body means a person that is, or 2 or more persons acting jointly together that are, granted accreditation under subpart 4 of Part 4

company has the meaning given to it by section 240(1A) of the Companies Act 1993

court means the High Court

disciplinary body means, in relation to an accredited body, the tribunal, committee, or other body that has been

(a)

set up to take disciplinary action in respect of the members of the accredited body; and

(b)

approved by the Registrar to act as the disciplinary body

firm, in relation to an insolvency practitioner, means a partnership or body corporate

(a)

of which the insolvency practitioner is a partner, a director, or an employee; and

(b)

that carries on the business of providing insolvency services (whether or not it provides other services)

insolvency engagement includes any work or function that is part of acting as an insolvency practitioner

insolvency practitioner means any of the following:

(a)

an administrator or a deed administrator (as those terms are defined in section 239B of the Companies Act 1993):

(b)

an insolvent company liquidator:

(c)

a receiver (as defined in section 2(1) of the Receiverships Act 1993):

(d)

a trustee or provisional trustee appointed under subpart 2 of Part 5 of the Insolvency Act 2006

insolvent company liquidator

(a)

means a liquidator acting in respect of a company; but

(b)

does not include a liquidator acting in respect of a solvent company

lawyer has the meaning given to it by section 6 of the Lawyers and Conveyancers Act 2006

licence means a licence issued by an accredited body under subpart 1 of Part 4

licensed insolvency practitioner means a person who holds a licence (and includes a person to whom section 22A(1) applies)

member, in relation to an accredited body, includes a person to whom section 68 applies

overseas insolvency practitioner means a person who is entitled to carry out insolvency work in

(a)

Australia; or

(b)

a recognised jurisdiction

prescribed minimum standards means the minimum standards for the issue of a licence prescribed under subpart 2 of Part 4

qualified statutory accountant has the meaning given to it by section 5(1) of the Financial Reporting Act 2013

recognised jurisdiction means a jurisdiction that is recognised, by notice in the Gazette, by the Registrar in accordance with subsection (3) for the purposes of Parts 3 to 6

register means the register kept under subpart 3 of Part 4

Registrar means the Registrar of Companies appointed in accordance with section 357(1) of the Companies Act 1993

regulations means any regulations made under Parts 3 to 6

regulatory function includes any of the following functions that are performed by an accredited body or a disciplinary body of an accredited body (to the extent that those functions relate to, or are in connection with, persons who apply for, hold, or have held a licence):

(a)

considering applications for licences, issuing licences, and setting conditions of licences:

(b)

adopting, implementing, and monitoring codes of conduct or ethics:

(c)

monitoring compliance with any relevant standards relating to insolvency engagements:

(d)

promoting, monitoring, and reviewing the ongoing competence of members:

(e)

inquiring into the conduct of members:

(f)

investigating complaints against members and former members:

(g)

hearing complaints about, and taking disciplinary action against, members and former members:

(h)

dealing with appeals against decisions of the disciplinary body

regulatory systems means, in relation to an accredited body or a disciplinary body of an accredited body, the relevant body’s systems and processes for performing its regulatory functions

relevant authority has the meaning given to it by section 28(1)

solvent company means a company to which section 243A of the Companies Act 1993 applies

solvent company liquidator means a liquidator appointed in respect of a solvent company.

(2)

In Parts 3 to 6, unless the context otherwise requires, regulatory systems are adequate and effective if they are designed and operate in a manner that promotes

(a)

quality, expertise, and integrity in the profession of insolvency practitioners; and

(b)

compliance with the statutory duties of insolvency practitioners.

(3)

The Registrar may recognise a jurisdiction for the purposes of Parts 3 to 6 only if the Registrar is satisfied that the law or other regulatory requirements of the jurisdiction for the regulation of persons carrying out insolvency work are substantially the same as the requirements set out in Parts 3 to 6 or sufficiently equivalent to the requirements set out in Parts 3 to 6.

19 Transitional, savings, and related provisions

The transitional, savings, and related provisions set out in Schedule 4 have effect according to their terms.

20 Parts 3 to 6 bind the Crown

Parts 3 to 6 bind the Crown.

Part 4 Licences, accreditation, and role of Registrar

Subpart 1Licences

Requirement to hold licence

21 Insolvency practitioner must hold licence

(1)

A person who acts as an insolvency practitioner must be a licensed insolvency practitioner whose licence

(a)

authorises the person to act as an insolvency practitioner in respect of the insolvency engagement being carried out; and

(b)

is recorded in the register.

(2)

A person who acts as an insolvency practitioner in breach of this section commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $75,000.

(3)

This section does not apply to an Official Assignee.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 8

Issue of licence

22 Issue of licence

(1)

A natural person may apply to an accredited body to be issued with a licence in the manner that is specified by the Registrar.

(2)

The accredited body must issue a licence to the person if

(a)

the accredited body is satisfied that the person

(i)

meets the prescribed minimum standards; and

(ii)

is otherwise a fit and proper person to hold a licence; and

(b)

the application is accompanied by payment of the prescribed registration fee; and

(c)

either

(i)

the person is a member of the accredited body; or

(ii)

section 68 applies in respect of the person.

(3)

The accredited body must,

(a)

if the licence is issued, send the prescribed registration fee to the Registrar; or

(b)

if the licence is not issued, refund the prescribed registration fee to the applicant.

(4)

The accredited body may require the applicant to pay the accredited body’s reasonable costs in processing the application and, if it does,

(a)

the issue of the licence is not subject to payment of the accredited body’s costs; and

(b)

if the licence is not issued, the accredited body’s costs are not refundable merely because the licence is not issued.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 11

22A Overseas practitioners deemed to have licence for 10 days from appointment

(1)

Despite sections 21(1) and 22(2), a person who is an overseas insolvency practitioner may be appointed to act in respect of an insolvency engagement as if they were a licensed insolvency practitioner who, under Parts 3 to 6, is authorised to undertake the type of insolvency engagements that corresponds with the type of insolvency work that the person is entitled to undertake in the person’s home jurisdiction.

(2)

Parts 3 to 6, and any other enactment that relates to the carrying out of insolvency engagements, applies to the person

(a)

as if the person were a licensed insolvency practitioner

(i)

whose licence is recorded in the register; and

(ii)

who is authorised to act in respect of the type of insolvency engagements that correspond to the type of insolvency work that the person is entitled to carry out the person’s home jurisdiction; and

(b)

as if the person were, from the date and time when they were appointed to act, a member of the accredited body to which the person applies for a licence; and

(c)

with any other necessary modifications.

(3)

Subsections (1) and (2) cease to apply if, 10 days after the person is appointed, the person has not applied for a licence under section 22.

(4)

If, when subsections (1) and (2) cease to apply, the person has not applied for a licence under section 22 (or if the person’s application is declined), the person must

(a)

resign from the insolvency engagement without delay; and

(b)

appoint a licensed insolvency practitioner who is permitted to act in respect of the insolvency engagement.

(5)

An accredited body that receives an application from an overseas insolvency practitioner must, as soon as practicable after receiving the application, send to the Registrar notification of the application together with

(a)

the relevant information described in section 42; and

(b)

any other prescribed information.

(6)

In this section, home jurisdiction, in relation to an overseas insolvency practitioner, means the jurisdiction in which the practitioner is entitled to carry out insolvency work.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 12

Licence details to be sent to Registrar

23 Accredited body must send licence details to Registrar

An accredited body must send to the Registrar notification of the issue of a licence, within 5 working days after issuing the licence, together with

(a)

the relevant information described in section 42; and

(b)

any other prescribed information.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 14

Conditions

24 Licence subject to conditions

(1)

A licence issued to a person by an accredited body

(a)

is subject to any conditions of the kinds prescribed under section 34(1)(b)(i); and

(b)

may be subject to any conditions of the kinds prescribed under section 34(1)(b)(ii) that the accredited body thinks fit; and

(c)

must specify a condition relating to the types of insolvency engagements in respect of which the person is authorised to act under the licence.

(2)

The condition under subsection (1)(c) may specify that the person is authorised to act in respect of all types of insolvency engagements.

(3)

The accredited body or the Registrar may, at any time after the licence is issued,

(a)

add to any conditions of the licence:

(b)

vary, remove, or substitute any conditions of the licence (other than the conditions referred to in subsection (1)(a)).

(4)

The accredited body or the Registrar may exercise a power under subsection (3) only if

(a)

the accredited body or the Registrar gives the person at least 10 working days’ written notice of the following matters before exercising the power:

(i)

that the accredited body or the Registrar may exercise a power under subsection (3); and

(ii)

the reasons why the accredited body or the Registrar is considering exercising that power; and

(b)

the accredited body or the Registrar gives the person or the person’s representative an opportunity to make written submissions on the matter within that notice period.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 15

Duration of licence

25 Duration of licence

(1)

A licence must specify an issue date and an expiry date.

(2)

The expiry date must not be later than 5 years after the issue date.

(3)

A licence continues in force until the close of the expiry date unless sooner suspended or cancelled under Parts 3 to 6.

(4)

If a licensed insolvency practitioner applies for a new licence before the expiry date of an existing licence that the new licence is intended to replace, and the application is not resolved before the expiry date, the existing licence continues in force until the application is resolved.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 17

Ongoing competence requirements

26 Ongoing competence requirements

(1)

An accredited body must, in accordance with any requirements prescribed under section 34(1)(c),

(a)

require its members who are licensed insolvency practitioners to complete competence programmes to maintain their ongoing competence; and

(b)

otherwise promote, monitor, and review the ongoing competence of its members who are licensed insolvency practitioners.

(2)

A member who is a licensed insolvency practitioner must comply with the requirements under subsection (1)(a).

(3)

A competence programme may require a member who is a licensed insolvency practitioner to do 1 or more of the following, within the period, or at the intervals, prescribed in the programme:

(a)

pass an examination or assessment (or both):

(b)

complete a period of practical training:

(c)

complete a period of practical experience:

(d)

undertake a course of studies:

(e)

anything else that the accredited body considers appropriate.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 18

27 Unsatisfactory results of competence programme

(1)

If a member who is required to complete a competence programme does not satisfy the requirements of the programme, the accredited body may

(a)

vary, remove, add to, or substitute any conditions of the member’s licence under section 24; or

(b)

cancel the member’s licence under section 29; or

(c)

suspend the member’s licence under section 30.

(2)

This section does not limit sections 24, 29, 30, and 31.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 19

Cancellation and suspension of licences

28 Meaning of relevant authority

(1)

In sections 29 to 32, relevant authority means either or both of the following:

(a)

the accredited body that issued the licence:

(b)

a disciplinary body in accordance with subsection (2).

(2)

The rules of an accredited body may authorise a disciplinary body to act under sections 29 to 32 and provide for any other reasonable matters, not inconsistent with Parts 3 to 6, in respect of the exercise of that power to act.

29 Cancellation of licences

(1)

A relevant authority may cancel a licence issued to a person

(a)

if the person, by written notice, requests that the relevant authority do so; or

(b)

if the relevant authority is satisfied on reasonable grounds that

(i)

the person has died; or

(ii)

the person obtained the licence by making a false or misleading representation or declaration (whether oral or written); or

(iii)

the person does not satisfy, or no longer satisfies, the prescribed minimum standards; or

(iv)

the person has failed to comply with a condition of the licence; or

(v)

the person is otherwise not a fit and proper person to hold a licence; or

(c)

if the relevant authority is satisfied on reasonable grounds that 1 or more insolvency engagements carried out by the person are not being, or have not been, carried out

(i)

in accordance with Parts 3 to 6 or any other enactment that relates to the carrying out of insolvency engagements; or

(ii)

in accordance with any relevant standards relating to insolvency engagements; or

(iii)

with reasonable care, diligence, and skill.

(2)

A licence may also be

(a)

treated as cancelled under section 59; or

(b)

cancelled by the Registrar under subpart 5.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 20

30 Suspension of licences

(1)

A relevant authority may suspend a licence issued to a person if the relevant authority is satisfied on reasonable grounds

(a)

that the person

(i)

has failed to comply with a condition of the licence; or

(ii)

has not satisfied the requirements of a competence programme that the person is required to complete; or

(b)

that 1 or more insolvency engagements carried out by the person are not being, or have not been, carried out

(i)

in accordance with Parts 3 to 6 or any other enactment that relates to the carrying out of insolvency engagements; or

(ii)

in accordance with any relevant standards relating to insolvency engagements; or

(iii)

with reasonable care, diligence, and skill.

(2)

A suspension is for the period that the relevant authority thinks fit or until the person satisfies any requirements specified by the relevant authority.

(3)

A licence may also be

(a)

treated as suspended under section 59; or

(b)

suspended by the Registrar under subpart 5.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 21

31 Effect of suspension

(1)

If a person’s licence is suspended, the person is not a licensed insolvency practitioner during the period for which the licence is suspended (but this does not prevent the Registrar from including information in the register in relation to the person).

(2)

However, the relevant authority may, on the conditions that the relevant authority thinks fit, permit a person whose licence is suspended under this section to continue with 1 or more specified insolvency engagements despite the suspension and, in relation to the specified insolvency engagement or engagements only, the person’s licence is treated as not suspended.

(3)

At the end of the period of suspension, the person’s licence is immediately restored (unless there is some other ground on which to suspend or cancel the licence).

32 Procedure relating to exercise of cancellation or suspension powers

(1)

A relevant authority may cancel a licence under section 29 or suspend a licence under section 30 only if

(a)

the relevant authority gives the licensed insolvency practitioner at least 10 working days’ written notice of the following matters before it exercises the power:

(i)

that the relevant authority may cancel or suspend the licence:

(ii)

the reasons why it is considering exercising that power; and

(b)

the relevant authority gives the licensed insolvency practitioner or the licensed insolvency practitioner’s representative an opportunity to make written submissions and to be heard on the matter within that notice period.

(2)

The relevant authority must, within 5 working days after the cancellation or suspension, give notice of the cancellation or suspension to the licensed insolvency practitioner and the Registrar.

(3)

The notice given to the licensed insolvency practitioner must include a statement of the grounds for the cancellation or suspension.

(4)

A relevant authority that fails to comply with subsection (2) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $30,000.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 22

Appeals in respect of licensing and related matters

33 Appeals in respect of licensing and related matters

(1)

A person may appeal to the court against any decision of an accredited body or the Registrar to

(a)

decline to issue a licence to the person; or

(b)

include conditions under section 24(1)(b) or (c) on the person’s licence or proposed licence (or to act under section 24(3)); or

(c)

suspend or cancel the person’s licence; or

(d)

make any other order under subpart 5 in respect of the person.

(2)

A person may appeal to the court against any decision of a disciplinary body to cancel or suspend the person’s licence unless the rules of the accredited body provide for an appeal against the decision to a body established to hear appeals against the disciplinary body’s decisions.

(3)

An appeal to the court under this section must be brought

(a)

in accordance with the rules of court; and

(b)

within 20 working days after notice of the decision is communicated to the appellant, or within any further time the court allows on application made before or after the period expires.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 24

Subpart 2Registrar may prescribe licensing and other matters

34 Registrar may prescribe licensing and other matters

(1)

The Registrar may, by notice in the Gazette, prescribe

(a)

the minimum standards for licensing (including standards relating to required competence, qualifications, and experience) that a person must meet in order to be issued with a licence by an accredited body; and

(b)

conditions, or the kinds of conditions, to which licences

(i)

must be subject; and

(ii)

may be subject if the accredited body thinks fit; and

(c)

requirements for ongoing competence that must be complied with by persons who are issued with a licence; and

(d)

the minimum standards for accreditation (including standards relating to the adequacy and effectiveness of regulatory systems) that an applicant must meet in order to be granted accreditation by the Registrar; and

(e)

the procedure that accredited bodies and disciplinary bodies of accredited bodies must follow when performing regulatory functions; and

(f)

transitional requirements for the purposes of transitional licences under Schedule 4 (including requirements relating to required competence, qualifications, and experience).

(2)

Matters prescribed may

(a)

have general or specific application; and

(b)

differ according to differences in time or circumstance.

(3)

Conditions prescribed under subsection (1)(b)(ii) may relate to a licensed insolvency practitioner carrying out solvent company liquidations.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 32

35 Minimum standards for licence

A notice under section 34(1)(a) may prescribe minimum standards for licensing in any way that the Registrar thinks fit, including in 1 or more of the following ways:

(a)

by requiring a degree or diploma or certificate of a stated kind recognised by the Registrar:

(b)

by requiring the successful completion of a degree, course of studies, or programme recognised by the Registrar:

(c)

by requiring a pass in a specified examination or any other assessment:

(d)

by reference to registration with, a licence issued by, or other authorisation from an overseas organisation:

(e)

by requiring experience in the provision of services of a particular kind:

(f)

by requiring a certain level of competence:

(g)

by requiring compliance with conditions related to insurance:

(h)

by requiring compliance with any relevant standard relating to insolvency engagements:

(i)

by requiring compliance with any relevant code of conduct or ethics.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 33

36 Principles guiding prescribing of licensing and other matters

In prescribing matters under this subpart, the Registrar must be guided by the following principles:

(a)

the matters must be necessary or desirable to

(i)

promote quality, expertise, and integrity in the profession of insolvency practitioners; or

(ii)

promote compliance with the statutory duties of insolvency practitioners; or

(iii)

carry out, give effect to, or provide for a matter that is incidental to, or consequential on, the matters relating to subparagraph (i) or (ii); and

(b)

the matters should not unnecessarily restrict the licensing of insolvency practitioners; and

(c)

the matters should not impose undue costs on insolvency practitioners or on creditors.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 35

37 Registrar must consult before publishing notices

(1)

The Registrar must, before publishing a notice in the Gazette under section 34, consult

(a)

persons who the Registrar considers are able to represent the views of insolvency practitioners; and

(b)

organisations

(i)

that the Registrar considers will be substantially affected by the proposal; or

(ii)

whose members the Registrar considers will be substantially affected by the proposal.

(2)

A failure to comply with subsection (1) does not affect the validity of any notice under section 34.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 36

38 Other provisions relating to notices under section 34

(1)

The Registrar must ensure that an up-to-date version of each notice under section 34 is available at all reasonable times on an Internet site maintained by or on behalf of the Registrar.

(2)

A notice under section 34 is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of the Legislation Act 2012 and must be presented to the House of Representatives under section 41 of that Act.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 37

Subpart 3Register of licensed insolvency practitioners

39 Register of licensed insolvency practitioners

The Registrar must establish and maintain a register of licensed insolvency practitioners.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 38

40 Operation of and access to register

(1)

The Registrar must ensure that an up-to-date version of the register is available at all reasonable times

(a)

on an Internet site maintained by or on behalf of the Registrar; and

(b)

for access and searching by members of the public.

(2)

However, the Registrar may refuse access to the register or otherwise suspend the operation of the register, in whole or in part, if the Registrar considers that it is not practicable to provide access to the register.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 39

41 Purposes of register

The purposes of the register are

(a)

to enable any person to

(i)

determine whether a person is a licensed insolvency practitioner and, if so, the status and relevant history of the person’s licence:

(ii)

choose a suitable person to carry out an insolvency engagement:

(iii)

know which licensed insolvency practitioners have been disciplined within the preceding 7 years:

(b)

to assist any person in the exercise of the person’s powers or the performance of the person’s functions under Parts 3 to 6 or any other enactment.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 40

42 Contents of register

(1)

The register must contain the following information about each licensed insolvency practitioner (to the extent that the information is relevant):

(a)

the full name and business address of the insolvency practitioner:

(b)

the name of the accredited body that has issued a licence to the insolvency practitioner:

(c)

the date of each licence that has been issued to the insolvency practitioner:

(d)

the date on which each licence was recorded in the register:

(e)

the expiry date of each licence that is currently in force (and whether the licence continues in force under section 25(4)):

(f)

the types of insolvency engagements in respect of which the insolvency practitioner is authorised to act under each licence:

(g)

the conditions placed on each licence that is currently in force:

(h)

details of any suspension or cancellation of a licence that has been issued to the insolvency practitioner or any other action that has been taken on a disciplinary matter against the insolvency practitioner under Parts 3 to 6 by an accredited body, a disciplinary body, or the Registrar in the preceding 7 years:

(i)

details of any prohibition order made in relation to the insolvency practitioner under section 239ADV or 286 of the Companies Act 1993 or section 37 of the Receiverships Act 1993:

(j)

the insolvency practitioner’s firm (if any):

(k)

any other prescribed information.

(2)

The register may also contain

(a)

information about former licensed insolvency practitioners; and

(b)

information about licences that have been cancelled or suspended or have otherwise expired in the last 7 years; and

(c)

any other information or documentation that the Registrar considers necessary or desirable for the purposes of the register.

(3)

The Registrar must remove from the register information about a former licensed insolvency practitioner contained in the register under subsection (2)(a) if the last licence held by the person was cancelled or expired more than 7 years ago.

(4)

The Registrar may, despite subsection (1), omit or remove any information about an insolvency practitioner from the publicly available register if

(a)

the person requests the Registrar to do so on the basis that the information is personal information; and

(b)

the Registrar considers that the disclosure of the information on the publicly available register would be likely to prejudice the privacy or personal safety of any person.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 41

43 Obligation to notify Registrar of prescribed changes

(1)

An accredited body must give written notice to the Registrar of any prescribed changes within 10 working days after the accredited body first becomes aware of the changes.

(2)

In subsection (1), prescribed changes means changes to the information included in the register that are of a kind that is prescribed for the purposes of this section.

(3)

An accredited body that fails to comply with this section commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $30,000.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 42

44 Registrar must amend register in certain circumstances

The Registrar must amend the register if

(a)

an accredited body informs the Registrar of information that is different from the information entered on the register; or

(b)

an annual confirmation contains information that is different from the information entered on the register; or

(c)

the Registrar is satisfied at any time that the register contains a typographical error or a mistake, or omits information supplied to the Registrar; or

(d)

regulations otherwise require the register to be amended.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 44

45 Search of register

(1)

A person may search the register in accordance with Parts 3 to 6 or regulations.

(2)

The register may be searched only by reference to the following criteria:

(a)

the name, or any part of the name, of a person:

(b)

the business address of a person:

(c)

the name of a firm:

(d)

the name of an accredited body:

(e)

any other prescribed criteria:

(f)

any combination of the criteria in paragraphs (a) to (e).

(3)

The register may be searched by

(a)

an individual, or a person with the consent of the individual, for the purpose of searching for information about that individual in accordance with the Privacy Act 1993; or

(b)

a person for a purpose referred to in section 41.

(4)

A person who searches the register for personal information in breach of this section must be treated, for the purposes of Part 8 of the Privacy Act 1993, as having breached an information privacy principle under section 66(1)(a)(i) of that Act.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 46

Subpart 4Accreditation

46 Registrar may grant accreditation

(1)

The following may apply to the Registrar to become an accredited body:

(a)

a person:

(b)

2 or more persons acting jointly together.

(2)

An application must be made in the manner that is specified by the Registrar and be accompanied by payment of the prescribed fee for the application (if any).

(3)

The Registrar must grant accreditation to the applicant if the Registrar is satisfied that

(a)

the applicant will implement and maintain regulatory systems that are adequate and effective; and

(b)

the applicant meets the minimum standards prescribed under section 34(1)(d); and

(c)

if the applicant is a person, the person is a fit and proper person to perform regulatory functions for the purposes of Parts 3 to 6; and

(d)

if the applicant is 2 or more persons acting jointly together, each person is a fit and proper person to perform regulatory functions for the purposes of Parts 3 to 6.

(4)

An applicant must provide to the Registrar any information that is required by the Registrar to assist the Registrar in determining the application.

Compare: 2011 No 21 s 48