Courts Matters Bill

  • enacted

Courts Matters Bill

Government Bill

285—3

As reported from the committee of the whole House

Key to symbols used

text inserted

text deleted

Hover your cursor over an amendment for information about that amendment. Download the PDF version to see this information in a form that can be printed out.

Hon Aupito William Sio

Courts Matters Bill

Government Bill

285—3

Contents

Key
1Title
2Commencement
3Principal Act
4Long Title amended
5Section 2 amended (Interpretation)
6Section 3 amended (Meaning of court and courtroom)
7New section 11A and cross-heading inserted
11ARight of public to enter and remain in areas of court open to public
8Section 15 amended (Power to ask to examine detected items)
9New section 15A inserted (Removal or disposal of alcohol)
15ARemoval or disposal of alcohol
9ASection 16 replaced (Power to seize detected items)
16Power to seize detected items
10Section 17 amended (Power to ask to take detected items into temporary custody)
11New section 18A inserted (General power to deny entry to, or remove person from, court)
18AGeneral power to deny entry to, or remove person from, court
11ASection 19 amended (Power to detain if court security officer has reasonable grounds to believe person may have committed specified offence)
12New section 19A inserted (Power to detain in other circumstances)
19APower to detain in other circumstances
13Section 20 amended (Powers to seize items and detain persons)
14New section 20A inserted (Power to pursue person)
20APower to pursue person
15Section 21 amended (Power to use reasonable force)
16Section 22 amended (Consequences of denial of entry to, or removal from, court)
17Section 23 amended (Duty of court security officer to inform of consequences when person denied entry or removed)
18Section 24 amended (Powers not generally applicable to presiding judicial officers and other exempted persons)
18ASection 25 amended (Powers not generally applicable to persons in custody of certain agencies)
19Section 26 amended (When powers applicable to persons in custody of certain agencies)
20Section 28 amended (When powers applicable in courtroom where proceedings being heard)
21Section 29 amended (Powers not generally applicable if Police involved)
23Section 35 amended (Powers of other persons not affected)
24Section 36 amended (Regulations)
25Principal Act
25ANew section 5A inserted (Transitional, savings, and related provisions)
25ANew section 5A inserted (Transitional, savings, and related provisions)
5ATransitional, savings, and related provisions
26Section 6 amended (Categories of offence defined)
27New section 34A inserted (When warrant may be issued irrespective of whether summons has been issued or served)
34AWhen warrant may be issued irrespective of whether summons has been issued or served
28Section 56 amended (Information to be provided in case management memorandum)
29Section 82 amended (Requirements for formal statements)
30Section 119 amended (Non-attendance of defendant charged with offence in category 1)
31Section 124 amended (Procedure when hearing proceeds in absence of defendant)
31ANew section 136A inserted (Procedure if charge added during trial)
136AProcedure if charge added during trial
32Section 138 replaced (Trial of different charges together)
138Trial of different charges together
32ASection 139 amended (Procedure if charges to be heard together)
33Section 162 amended (To whom warrant to be directed and power of person executing warrant to enter premises)
33ANew section 192A inserted (Power of Solicitor-General or Crown prosecutor to join charge or charges)
192APower of Solicitor-General or Crown prosecutor to join charge or charges
34Section 219 amended (First appeal courts)
35Section 230 amended (First appeal courts)
36Section 247 amended (First appeal courts)
37Section 272 amended (First appeal courts)
38Section 297 amended (First appeal courts)
39Section 357 amended (Jurisdiction of Community Magistrates to impose sentence in respect of certain category 2 offences)
41Section 400 replaced (Defendants and proceedings to be tried together)
400When defendants or proceedings to be heard together under same procedural law
42Section 403A amended (Transitional provision regarding effect of appeal on sentence of home detention)
42ANew Schedule 1AA inserted
43Principal Act
44New section 2A inserted (Transitional, savings, and related provisions)
2ATransitional, savings, and related provisions
45Sections 23A and 24 replaced
23AService of documents under this Part
24Ways documents may be served
46Sections 25 to 27 repealed
47Sections 28 and 29 replaced
28Service provisions modified in special cases
29Proof of service of documents
48New cross-heading above section 30 inserted
49Section 79 amended (Interpretation)
50Section 79A amended (Service of documents under this Part)
51Section 79B amended (Service provisions modified in special cases)
52Section 84 amended (Notice of fine)
53Section 86 amended (Registrar may arrange extension of time to pay)
54Section 86A amended (Registrar may vary, suspend, or cancel arrangement for extension of time to pay fine or attachment order)
55New sections 86DA to 86DD inserted
86DAChief executive may approve automated electronic system to arrange extension of time to pay fine or to vary or suspend existing arrangement
86DBChief executive may approve automated electronic system to add fine to existing arrangement, attachment order, or deduction notice without notice
86DCApproval of automated electronic systems
86DDRegistrar or chief executive may require bank to cancel automatic payment
56New section 86I inserted (Financial assessment if fine is unpaid)
86IFinancial assessment if fine is unpaid
57Section 87 amended (Action if fine or instalment not paid or if arrangement or attachment order cancelled)
58New sections 87AAA and 87AAB inserted
87AAAAgreements to vary charge on land
87AABEnforcement of charge on land
59Section 87B amended (Deduction of fines)
60Section 88 amended (Actions if fine remains unpaid)
60ASection 88AA amended (Form and execution of warrant for arrest)
61Section 88AE amended (Powers of District Court Judge or Community Magistrate after considering report of Registrar under section 88(2)(b) or 88AD(2)(c))
62Section 89 amended (Rights of representation and appeal)
63Section 92B amended (Purpose of disclosure and use of information)
64Section 92H amended (Monitoring and audits by chief executive)
65Section 97 amended (Purposes of sections 98 to 100T)
67Section 100E amended (Release of property if fine and other costs paid or if certain appeals successful)
68Section 100F amended (Release of property to certain owners)
69Section 100H amended (Lessor may apply to Registrar)
70Section 100I amended (What happens if lessor does not apply to Registrar before property sold or disposed of)
71Section 100J amended (Claims by secured parties)
72Section 100L amended (Sale of secured property by secured party or by court)
73Section 100N amended (Application of proceeds of sale by secured party)
74Section 100O amended (Failure by secured party to sell or account for proceeds)
75Section 100P amended (Sale or disposal of property seized)
76Section 100R amended (Application of proceeds of sale)
77New section 100RA inserted (Application of proceeds of sale of real property)
100RAApplication of proceeds of sale of real property
78Section 102B amended (Proceedings against bailiffs acting under warrants)
79Section 103 amended (Effect of attachment order)
80Section 105 amended (Content of attachment orders)
81Section 106 amended (Liability of employer)
82Section 212 amended (Rules and regulations)
83New Schedule 1 inserted
84Amendments to other enactments
85Principal Act
85ASection 26 amended (Breach of condition of Police bail)
86Sections 33 and 34 replaced
33Variation of conditions of bail
34Consequences of variation of conditions of bail
86ASection 40 amended (Bail on deferment of sentence)
87Sections 41 to 52 and cross-headings replaced
41Interpretation
42Appeal against decision relating to bail
43Procedure relating to appeal under section 42
44Execution of decision of appeal court on appeal relating to bail under section 42
87ASection 52A amended (Period for which warrant for detention in custody may be issued)
89Sections 54 and 55 replaced
54Granting of bail to appellant in custody or on home detention pending appeal to High Court, Court of Appeal, or Supreme Court
54AAppeal against entry by court of non-performance of condition of bail in court record
55When person is in custody or on home detention for purposes of section 54
90Section 58 amended (Time on bail pending appeal not to be taken as time served)
90AAmendments to Sentencing Act 2002
90BAmendment to Extradition Act 1999
90CAmendment to International Crimes and International Criminal Court Act 2000
91Principal Act
92Section 46E amended (Family dispute resolution mandatory before commencement of proceedings)
93Section 47B amended (Mandatory statement and evidence in applications)
94Section 49A amended (Interim parenting order where parent does not have day-to-day care for, or contact with, child)
95Section 133 amended (Reports from other persons)
95APrincipal Act
95BSection 8 amended (Use of audio-visual links in criminal procedural matters)
96Principal Act
97Section 3 amended (Purpose and overview)
98Section 10 amended (Service)
99Section 33 amended (Appeals)
100Principal Act
101Section 13 amended (Application for order authorising taking of bodily sample)
101ASection 14 amended (Prohibition against publication of name of respondent)
101BSection 15 amended (Information may be withheld from respondent)
102Section 16 amended (Judge may authorise bodily sample to be taken)
102ASection 61 amended (Extension of period for which sample may be retained)
102BConsequential amendment to Criminal Investigations (Bodily Samples) Regulations 2004
103Principal Act
104Section 3 amended (Purpose)
105New section 5A inserted (Transitional, savings, and related provisions)
5ATransitional, savings, and related provisions
106Subpart 1 heading in Part 2 replaced
107Section 7 amended (When finding of unfitness to stand trial may be made)
108New section 8A inserted (Determining if defendant unfit to stand trial)
8ADetermining if defendant unfit to stand trial
109Section 9 repealed (Court must be satisfied of defendant’s involvement in offence)
110Section 10 amended (Inquiry before trial into defendant’s involvement in the offence)
111Section 11 amended (Inquiry during Judge-alone trial into defendant’s involvement)
112Section 12 amended (Inquiry during jury trial into defendant’s involvement)
113Section 13 amended (Outcome of consideration of defendant’s involvement)
114Section 14 repealed (Determining if defendant unfit to stand trial)
115Section 15 amended (Jurisdiction may be exercised in absence of defendant)
116Section 16 amended (Appeal by defendant against finding relating to fitness to stand trial)
117Section 17 amended (Matters for appellate court on appeal under section 16)
118New Schedule 1AA inserted
119Schedule amended
120Principal Act
121Section 142 amended (Discharge or variation of registered or confirmed order)
122Section 142E amended (Provisional order discharging, etc, child maintenance order)
123Principal Act
124Section 2 amended (Interpretation)
125Section 5 amended (Jury districts)
126Section 14AC amended (Counsel to inspect protected particulars, and exercise rights of challenge, for litigant in person)
127Section 14B amended (Deferral of jury service)
128Section 14C amended (Further provisions relating to deferral of jury service)
129Section 16AA amended (Judge may discharge summons of person with disability or language difficulty)
130Principal Act
131Section 31 amended (Contravention of sections 5(1)(a), 5(1)(b), 5(4), 30(2), 30(3), or 30(4A))
132Section 91B amended (Ways in which warning notice or driver licence stop order must be served)
133Section 91E amended (Imposition of driver licence stop order)
134Principal Act
135Transitional, savings, and related provisions New section 4A inserted (Transitional, savings, and related provisions)
4ATransitional, savings, and related provisions
136Section 12 amended (Court may appoint welfare guardian)
137Section 45 amended (Statements required)
138Section 46 amended (Statement to be examined by or on behalf of Public Trust)
139Section 48 amended (Enforcement of manager’s duty to prepare and file statements)
140Section 74 amended (Attendance of person in respect of whom application is made)
141Section 86 amended (Review of personal orders)
142Section 87 amended (Review of property orders)
143New Schedule 1AA inserted
143APrincipal Act
143BSection 49 amended (Powers exercisable by Judges)
144Principal Act
145Section 137 amended (Sale of confiscated motor vehicles)
146Section 141B amended (Application of proceeds of sale by secured party)
147Principal Act
148New sections 24A to 24C and cross-heading inserted
24APower to clear court and restrict publication of proceedings
24BApplication for renewal or review of order made under section 24A
24CContravention of orders made under section 24A
149Amendments to Victims’ Orders Against Violent Offenders Rules 2014
Legislative history

The Parliament of New Zealand enacts as follows:

1 Title

This Act is the Courts Matters Act 2017.

2 Commencement

(1)

This Act (except sections 7, 9A, 11 to 22, 28, 29, 31A, 32, 33, 33A, 61, 65 11 to 21, 25A, 28, 29, 31A, 32, 33A, 42A, 58, 61, 65, 67, 68, 69(1), 70 to 72, 74 to 77, and 134 to 143 and 74 to 77 and Schedule 2A) comes into force on the day after the date on which it receives the Royal assent.

(2)

Sections 7, 9A, 11 to 22, 28, 29, 31A, 32, 33, 33A, 61, 65 11 to 21, 25A, 28, 29, 31A, 32, 33A, 42A, 58, 61, 65, 67, 68, 69(1), 70 to 72, 74 to 77, and 134 to 143 and 74 to 77 and Schedule 2A come into force on a date appointed by the Governor-General by Order in Council, and 1 or more orders may be made bringing different provisions into force on different dates.

(3)

Any provision that has not earlier been brought into force under subsection (2) comes into force on 1 July 2020.

Part 1 Amendments to Courts Security Act 1999

3 Principal Act

This Part amends the Courts Security Act 1999 (the principal Act).

4 Long Title amended

(1)

In the Long Title, paragraph (a), after courts, insert and tribunals.

(2)

In the Long Title, paragraph (b), replace the courts with courts and tribunals; and.

(3)

In the Long Title, after paragraph (b), insert:

(c)

the promotion of the orderly operation of courts and tribunals

5 Section 2 amended (Interpretation)

(1)

In section 2, replace the definition of Judge with:

Judge means—

(a)

a Judge, including an Associate Judge, or member of any court or tribunal specified in section 3:

(b)

a person who presides over, or is a member of, a body for the time being declared by regulations to be a court or tribunal for the purposes of this Act

(4)

In section 2, definition of presiding judicial officer, after paragraph (g), insert:

(h)

a member of a body described in section 3(5)(l)

(5)

In section 2, replace the definition of specified offence with:

specified offence

(a)

means—

(i)

an offence under any of—

(A)

sections 87, 121, 167, 168, 171 to 177, 188 to 194, 196 to 199, 202A, 202C, and 306 of the Crimes Act 1961; and

(B)

sections 3, 9, 11, 11A, 11B, 13, and 13A of the Summary Offences Act 1981; and

(C)

sections 45 and 46 of the Arms Act 1983; and

(D)

sections 7 and 13 of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1975; and

(ii)

any other offence committed within a court that a court security officer believes on reasonable grounds—

(A)

threatens the safety or security of another person or that person’s property; or

(B)

may cause serious damage to the court; and

(b)

includes an attempt to commit an offence specified in paragraph (a)

(6)

In section 2, insert in its appropriate alphabetical order:

tribunal means a body that—

(a)

exercises judicial or quasi-judicial functions and that holds hearings at which persons appear in person to address the body; and

(b)

is, for the time being, designated by regulations as a tribunal for the purposes of this Act.

6 Section 3 amended (Meaning of court and courtroom)

(1)

In section 3(2)(b), replace “before the proceedings are heard and while they are being heard” with “before the proceedings are heard, while they are being heard, and shortly after they finish being heard”.

(2)

After section 3(3)(b)(i), insert:

(ia)

every other part of the building (including any cells) that is being used for services relating to the court; and

(3)

After section 3(3)(b)(ii), insert:

(iia)

if the building is adjacent to a road, any footpath or other area between the building and the road; and

(4)

In section 3(4)(a), replace “subsection (5)(a) to (h)” with “subsection (5)(aa) to (h)”.

(5)

After section 3(4)(b), insert:

(ba)

any other part of the building (including any cells) that is used for services relating to judicial or quasi-judicial functions; and

(6)

After section 3(4)(c), insert:

(ca)

if the building is adjacent to a road, any footpath or other area between the building and the road; and

(7)

After section 3(5)(e), insert:

(ea)

the Employment Court:

(8)

Replace section 3(5)(l) with:

(l)

every court, tribunal, and other constituted dispute-resolution body that conducts proceedings in a building that also accommodates a court or tribunal listed in this subsection or is designated by regulations as a court or tribunal to which this Act applies:

7 New section 11A and cross-heading inserted

After section 11, insert:

Right of public to enter and remain in court

11A Right of public to enter and remain in areas of court open to public

(1)

A person may enter and remain in an area of the court that is open to the public if the person complies with—

(a)

all directions given and requirements imposed, by the presiding judicial officer in a courtroom where proceedings are being heard, that apply to the person; and

(b)

all directions given or requirements imposed elsewhere in the court by or on behalf of the chief executive, or by a court security officer, that affect that person.

(1A)

Directions given or requirements imposed may, without limitation, include directions or requirements allowing (with or without conditions), limiting, or prohibiting the use of cell phones, cameras, or recording equipment in a courtroom or elsewhere in the court.

(2)

Subsection (1) is subject to—

(a)

sections 12(2), 13(2), 14(1)(b), 15(4) and (5), 17(4), 18(1)(b), 18A, 19, and 20(2), (which provide for the denial of entry to a person or their removal from a court unless the person is allowed to enter or re-enter under section 22(1) or 22(1A) and the detention of a person who a court security officer has reasonable grounds to believe may have committed a specified offence):

(a)

sections 12(2), 13(2), 14(1)(b), 15(4) and (5), 16(3), 17(4), 18(1)(b), 18A, 19, 19A, and 20(2) (which provide for the denial of entry to a person or their removal from a court, unless the person is allowed to enter or re-enter under section 22(1) or 22(1A), and the detention of a person who a court security officer has reasonable grounds to believe may have committed or attempted to commit a specified offence or in the circumstances set out in section 19A):

(ab)

any direction given by a presiding judicial officer that a person must not enter or remain in a courtroom or any other specified part of the court:

(b)

any inherent or implied jurisdiction of a Judge or presiding judicial officer to regulate the procedure of a court or tribunal over which that person presides:

(c)

any enactment regulating who may be present at proceedings.

8 Section 15 amended (Power to ask to examine detected items)

After section 15(6), insert:

(7)

This section is subject to section 15A.

9 New section 15A inserted (Removal or disposal of alcohol)

After section 15, insert:

15A Removal or disposal of alcohol

(1)

A court security officer may—

(a)

require a person who brings alcohol into a court to remove it from the court:

(b)

seize and dispose of the alcohol if the person who is required to remove it refuses or fails to do so promptly.

(2)

Sections 24 to 29 set out limits on the power powers in subsection (1).

9A Section 16 replaced (Power to seize detected items)

Replace section 16 with:

16 Power to seize detected items

(1)

This section applies—

(a)

if—

(i)

a person complies with a request under section 15(1); and

(ii)

the item handed over is of such a nature as to give the court security officer reasonable grounds to believe that the person may recently have committed a specified offence in the court or in any area immediately adjacent to it or may be about to commit such an offence; and

(iii)

the person does not give the officer a reasonable excuse for the item being on the person’s person or property; or

(b)

if—

(i)

a person complies with a request under section 15(1); and

(ii)

the item handed over is of such a nature as to give the court security officer reasonable grounds to believe that it is capable of being used to commit an offence involving violence within the courtroom or would otherwise be dangerous to allow the person to keep with him or her in the court.

(2)

The court security officer may, if subsection (1)(a) applies, exercise the powers in section 20.

(3)

The court security officer, may if subsection (1)(b) applies,—

(a)

ask the person whether he or she consents to the surrender of the item while the person is in court:

(b)

if the person does not consent to surrendering the item, deny the person entry to, or remove the person from, the court:

(c)

if the person does consent, detain the item in accordance with section 20(6).

(4)

Sections 24 to 29 set out limits on the powers in this section.

10 Section 17 amended (Power to ask to take detected items into temporary custody)

After section 17(4), insert:

(4A)

If a person has left an item with a court security officer in compliance with a request under subsection (2),—

(a)

the person may claim the item when leaving the court or at any time within 10 working days of leaving the item; and

(b)

a court security officer may dispose of the item if it has not been claimed within 10 working days.

11 New section 18A inserted (General power to deny entry to, or remove person from, court)

After section 18, insert:

18A General power to deny entry to, or remove person from, court

(1)

A court security officer may deny a person entry to, or remove a person from, a court if the court security officer believes on reasonable grounds that the person—

(a)

is harassing or intimidating, or will harass or intimidate, another person; or

(b)

is causing, or will cause, violence within, or damage to, the court; or

(c)

is significantly disrupting, or will significantly disrupt, proceedings, the administration of a court, or the conduct of lawful activities in a court.

(2)

Sections 24 to 29 set out limits on the powers in subsection (1).

11A Section 19 amended (Power to detain if court security officer has reasonable grounds to believe person may have committed specified offence)

(1)

In section 19(1), replace “have committed a specified offence in the court or in an area immediately adjacent to it” with “have committed or attempted to commit a specified offence in the court”.

(2)

After section 19(2), insert:

(2A)

However, if the court security officer believes it appropriate to do so in the circumstances, the officer may, instead of exercising the powers in section 20, ask the person to give the court security officer his or her full name, address, and date of birth.

(2B)

If the person fails or refuses to produce those details, and after being warned of the consequences of failing to do so, the court security officer may exercise the powers in section 20.

12 New section 19A inserted (Power to detain in other circumstances)

After section 19, insert:

19A Power to detain in other circumstances

(1)

This section applies if a court security officer has reasonable grounds to believe that a person—

(a)

has—

(i)

refused to leave court premises after having been required to do so, or has attempted to re-enter a court after being removed or denied entry; and

(ii)

been warned that the person may be detained if he or she persists with those actions; but

(iii)

persisted with those actions; or

(b)

has refused to obey a direction from a court security officer—

(i)

to do anything that is reasonably necessary to protect the safety or security of persons being escorted into or out of a court for services related to the court; or

(ii)

to stop or avoid doing anything that adversely affects the safety or security of persons referred to in subparagraph (i); or

(iii)

to do anything that is reasonably necessary to protect the safety or security of any person involved in any activity outside a court and that is part of the proceedings (for example, a jury visiting a crime scene); or

(iv)

to stop or avoid doing anything that adversely affects the safety or security of persons referred to in subparagraph (iii).

(2)

The court security officer may exercise the powers in section 20.

(3)

Sections 24 to 29 set out limits on the powers in this section.

13 Section 20 amended (Powers to seize items and detain persons)

(1)

In section 20(1), after “must immediately detain the person”, insert “and may continue to detain the person for a period not exceeding 4 hours or any lesser period considered by the court security officer to be reasonable in the circumstances”.

(2)

In section 20(2), replace “section 19 applies, the court security officer may detain the person” with “section 19 or 19A applies, the court security officer may detain the person for a period not exceeding 4 hours or any lesser period that the court security officer considers to be reasonable in the circumstances”.

(3)

Replace section 20(5) with:

(5)

With respect to a detained person, the court security officer must,—

(a)

if practicable, detain the person separately from other prisoners in a cell or other safe place until the arresting officer arrives or the court security officer is satisfied that the person is not going to be arrested; and

(b)

if—

(i)

a Police officer wants to arrest the person, deliver the person to the arresting Police officer; or

(ii)

if no Police officer wants to arrest the person, free the person.

(5)

After section 20(5), insert:

(5A)

With respect to a detained person, the court security officer may direct the person to do or not to do a thing if the court security officer believes on reasonable grounds that the direction is necessary in the circumstances for the purpose of ensuring the safety of the person or the security officer or any other person.

(6)

Replace section 20(6) with:

(6)

With respect to a seized item, the court security officer must,—

(a)

if the person is arrested, hand the item over to the arresting Police officer:

(b)

if possession of the item is unlawful, hand it over to the Police officer:

(c)

if possession of the item is not illegal unlawful but may constitute a threat to the security of the court, and the person is released from custody, require the person to comply with section 17:

(d)

in any other case, return the item to the person.

14 New section 20A inserted (Power to pursue person)

After section 20, insert:

20A Power to pursue person

If a person who is to be detained under this Act or who is otherwise in lawful custody in a court flees or otherwise escapes from the court,—

(a)

a court security officer may, or, if the court orders, must, pursue that person while he or she is within a short distance of the court security officer; and

(b)

the court security officer may detain the pursued person, who must subsequently be dealt with under section 20(2) to (7), except that, in the case of a person who escaped from lawful custody (the escaper), the court security officer must return, or arrange for the return, of the escaper to the person or body who is entitled to custody of the escaper.

15 Section 21 amended (Power to use reasonable force)

In section 21(1), replace “17(4), 18(1)(b), or 20” with 15A(b), 17(4), 18(1)(b), 18A, 20, and 20A(b).

16 Section 22 amended (Consequences of denial of entry to, or removal from, court)

(2)

In section 22(1)(b), replace “or 17(2)” with “and 17(2)”.

(2A)

After section 22(1), insert:

(1A)

A person denied entry to or removed from a court under section 18A is entitled to enter (or re-enter) the court if a court security officer (being an officer who is aware of the reasons why the person was denied entry to, or removed from, the court) is satisfied that the person will not behave in the way described in section 18A(1)(a) to (c) if allowed to enter (or re-enter) the court.

(3)

In section 22(2), replace “or 18(1)(b)” with “18(1)(b), and 18A.

17 Section 23 amended (Duty of court security officer to inform of consequences when person denied entry or removed)

In section 23, replace “or 18(1)(b)” with “18(1)(b), and 18A.

18 Section 24 amended (Powers not generally applicable to presiding judicial officers and other exempted persons)

(1)

After section 24(1)(g), insert:

(ga)

persons holding office as a member of a court, a tribunal, or any other body referred to in section 3(5)(l):

(2)

In section 24(1)(h), replace “exempted from the application of sections 12 to 23 by regulations made under section 36” with “while exempted from the application of sections 12 to 23 by the chief executive”.

18A Section 25 amended (Powers not generally applicable to persons in custody of certain agencies)

Replace section 25(2) with:

(2)

A court security officer may not exercise or carry out any of the powers or duties in sections 12 to 23 in relation to a person who a court security officer is satisfied is in one of the categories in subsection (1), unless—

(a)

the person is about to appear before the court or is in the courtroom; and

(b)

the security officer is authorised to exercise the power or carry out the duty under the terms of a general or specific instruction issued by a Judge or other presiding judicial officer under section 26(2)(a) or (b) or is exercising a power under section 29(2).

19 Section 26 amended (When powers applicable to persons in custody of certain agencies)

(1)

In section 26(1), replace “section 25(1) and who is about to appear before a presiding judicial officer” with “section 25(1)(a) or (c) and has been brought to the court to appear before a presiding judicial officer but has not yet appeared”.

(2)

Replace section 26(2) with:

(2)

A court security officer may, at his or her own discretion if authorised by the relevant provision or a direction referred to in paragraph (b), or must, if so required by a direction of a Judge or other presiding judicial officer, exercise any of the powers in sections 13(1), 15(1) and (5), 15A, 16, 17(2), 19, 20(1), (2), and (3), and 21 in relation to a person about to appear if—

(a)

the presiding judicial officer directs the court security officer, in specific language, to exercise any such power in relation to the person; or

(b)

the court security officer is authorised or required to exercise the power in relation to the person by a direction about the use of the power (whether in general or specific terms) given by a Judge or other presiding judicial officer.

(2A)

To avoid doubt, if there is any inconsistency between a direction given under subsection (2)(b) and a subsequent direction given under subsection (2)(a), the direction under subsection (2)(a) prevails.

(2B)

In section 26(3)(a), after “15(1),”, insert 15A,.

(3)

After section 26(4)(b), insert:

(ba)

seize and dispose of any alcohol referred to in section 15A(b); or

(3A)

After section 26(4), insert:

(4A)

For the purposes of subsection (2)(b),—

(a)

a head of bench may issue general instructions about the searching or screening of persons brought before the court in custody (including persons described in section 25(1)):

(b)

a Judge who sits at a particular place or particular places where the court sits may issue general instructions about the searching or screening of persons brought before the court in custody (including persons described in section 25(1)) in that place or those places, and those instructions apply irrespective of whether that Judge or another judicial officer is the presiding judicial officer on any occasion when the court is hearing proceedings at that place or those places.

(4B)

In the event of any inconsistency between an instruction under subsection (4A)(a) and an instruction under (4A)(b), the instruction under subsection (4A)(b) prevails.

(4)

In section 26(5),—

(a)

after “15(5),”, insert 15A,”:

(b)

replace “20(1), 20(2), or 20(3)” with “and 20(1), (2), and (3)”.

20 Section 28 amended (When powers applicable in courtroom where proceedings being heard)

(1)

Replace section 28(1) with:

(1)

If either of the sets of circumstances in subsection (2) apply, a court security officer may exercise any of the powers in section 12(1), 13(1), 15(1), 15(5), 15A, 16, 17(2), 18A, 19, 19A, 20(1), (2), or (3), 20A, or 21 in a courtroom where proceedings are being heard.

(2)

In section 28(3)(a), after “15(1),”, insert 15A,”.

(2A)

After section 28(2), insert:

(2A)

A court security officer may exercise any of the powers conferred by an enactment on a presiding judicial officer to detain a person for contempt for a period specified by the judicial officer, or to remove a disruptive person from the courtroom for contempt, if the presiding judicial officer directs the court security officer to exercise those powers.

(2B)

In section 28(3)(b)(i), after “13(1),”, insert 15A,”.

(3)

After section 28(4)(c), insert:

(ca)

seize and dispose of any alcohol referred to in section 15A(b); or

(4)

In section 28(5), replace “16, 17(2), 19, 20(1), 20(2), or 20(3)” with 15A, 16, 17(2), 18A, 19, 19A, 20(1), (2), and (3), and 20A.

(5)

In section 28(6)(a), replace “15(1), or” with “15(1), 15A, and”.

(5A)

In section 28(6)(b), after under, insert any of.

(6)

In section 28(6)(b), replace “15(1), or” with “15(1), 15A, and”.

21 Section 29 amended (Powers not generally applicable if Police involved)

(1)

In the heading to section 29, after Police, insert or other agencies.

(2)

In section 29(1), after “Police officer”, insert “or any other person referred to in section 25(1)(b) or (c)”.

(3)

In section 29(2), replace “Police officer, if the Police officer” with “Police officer or any other person referred to in section 25(1)(b) or (c), if the Police officer or other person”.

23 Section 35 amended (Powers of other persons not affected)

(1)

In section 35(1), replace “judge,” with “Judge or other presiding judicial officer,”.

(2)

In section 35(2), replace “or tribunal in relation to contempt of court or of a tribunal” with “in relation to contempt of court”.

24 Section 36 amended (Regulations)

Repeal section 36(b) and (e).

Part 2 Amendments to Criminal Procedure Act 2011

25 Principal Act

This Part amends the Criminal Procedure Act 2011 (the principal Act).

25A New section 5A inserted (Transitional, savings, and related provisions)

The transitional, savings, and related provisions, in Schedule 1AA have effect according to their terms.

25A New section 5A inserted (Transitional, savings, and related provisions)

After section 5, insert:

5A Transitional, savings, and related provisions

The transitional, savings, and related provisions set out in Schedule 1AA have effect according to their terms.

26 Section 6 amended (Categories of offence defined)

(1)

In section 6(1), definition of category 1 offence, paragraph (a)(ii), delete “or (c)”.

(2)

In section 6(1), definition of category 2 offence, paragraph (b), delete “; or”.

(3)

In section 6(1), definition of category 2 offence, repeal paragraph (c).

27 New section 34A inserted (When warrant may be issued irrespective of whether summons has been issued or served)

After section 34, insert:

34A When warrant may be issued irrespective of whether summons has been issued or served

(1)

This section applies if a charging document has been filed for a category 2, 3, or 4 offence, whether or not a summons has been issued or served.

(2)

A judicial officer or Registrar may issue a warrant to arrest the defendant and bring him or her before the District Court if the judicial officer or Registrar is satisfied that—

(a)

a warrant is necessary to compel the attendance of the defendant (for example, because the location of the defendant is unknown); or

(b)

having regard to the gravity of the alleged offence and the circumstances of the case, a warrant is desirable to compel the attendance of the defendant.

28 Section 56 amended (Information to be provided in case management memorandum)

After section 56(1)(c), insert:

(ca)

whether any charges are to be heard together under section 138(1) (including together with charges heard against 1 or more other defendants):

29 Section 82 amended (Requirements for formal statements)

(1)

In section 82(1)(b), replace “that it is to be used” with “that it may be used”.

(2)

In section 82(1)(c), replace “subsections (2) and (3)” with “subsection (2), (3), or (3A).

(3)

After section 82(3), insert:

(3A)

Despite subsection (1)(b), if a formal statement under subsection (1) is made by a person aged under 18 years or by a person who is incapable of making the declaration required by subsection (1)(b), and is in the form of a video record, no declaration is required but the statement must—

(a)

be made in the manner prescribed by regulations made under the Evidence Act 2006; and

(b)

substantially comply with the requirements prescribed in those regulations (including any provisions in those regulations requiring the witness to tell the truth).

30 Section 119 amended (Non-attendance of defendant charged with offence in category 1)

After section 119(3), insert:

(4)

Despite subsection (2), a court may not impose a community-based sentence on a defendant in the defendant’s absence.

(5)

If the defendant pleads, or is found, guilty and the court has reason to believe that a community-based sentence may be imposed on the defendant, the court may—

(a)

issue a summons to bring the defendant before the court; or

(b)

issue a warrant to arrest the defendant to bring him or her before the court.

31 Section 124 amended (Procedure when hearing proceeds in absence of defendant)

In section 124(2)(d)(i), after “sentencing”, insert “(unless section 119(4) or (5) applies)”.

31A New section 136A inserted (Procedure if charge added during trial)

After section 136, insert:

136A Procedure if charge added during trial

(1)

During the trial, the court may, on the prosecutor’s application, grant leave to add a charge in the proceedings (the new charge).

(2)

Leave may be granted under subsection (1) only if the court is satisfied—

(a)

that there is a variance between the proof and the existing charge or charges; and

(b)

the new charge fits with the proof; and

(c)

the time for filing a charging document under section 25 for the new charge has not expired; and

(d)

that the defendant will not be, or has not been, misled or prejudiced in his or her defence by the addition of the new charge during the trial.

(3)

Subsection (4) applies if the court is satisfied that—

(a)

the defendant will be, or has been, misled or prejudiced in his or her defence by the addition of the new charge during the trial; but

(b)

the effect of that prejudice can be removed by adjourning or postponing the trial.

(4)

If this subsection applies, the court may grant leave to add the new charge and may—

(a)

adjourn the trial; or

(b)

postpone the trial and discharge the jury.

(5)

If the court grants leave to add a new charge under subsection (1) or (4),—

(a)

a charging document is deemed to have been filed in accordance with section 14 in respect of the new charge; and

(b)

leave is deemed to have been given under section 138(2) for the new charge to be added to the proceeding, and section 139 applies accordingly.

32 Section 138 replaced (Trial of different charges together)

Replace section 138 with:

138 Trial of different charges together

(1)

The prosecutor may, by notifying the court before which a proceeding is being heard, propose that—

(a)

2 or more charges against 1 defendant be heard together; or

(b)

the charges against 1 defendant be heard with charges against 1 or more other defendants.

(2)

Despite subsection (1), the prosecutor must seek leave for the charges to be heard together if the notification involves a charge in respect of which the proceedings have been adjourned—

(a)

for trial, if the trial procedure is the Judge-alone procedure; or

(b)

for trial callover, if the trial procedure is the jury trial procedure.

(3)

Unless the court makes an order under subsection (4), charges must be heard together—

(a)

in accordance with any notification given under subsection (1); or

(b)

if leave is granted under subsection (2).

(4)

If the court before which the proceeding is being conducted considers it is in the interests of justice to do so, it may, on its own motion or on the application of the prosecutor or a defendant, order that 1 or more charges against the defendant be heard separately.

(5)

An order under subsection (4) may be made before or during the trial, and,—

(a)

if it is made during the course of a Judge-alone trial, the court must adjourn the trial of the charges in respect of which the trial is not to proceed; and

(b)

if it is made during the course of a jury trial, the jury must be discharged from giving a verdict on the charges in respect of which the trial is not to proceed.

32A Section 139 amended (Procedure if charges to be heard together)

(1)

In section 139(2)(b), after “Court”, insert “; and”.

(2)

After section 139(2)(b), insert:

(c)

if the charges against more than 1 defendant are tried by a jury, for the purposes of this Act, each defendant must be treated as if he or she had elected trial by jury.

33 Section 162 amended (To whom warrant to be directed and power of person executing warrant to enter premises)

(1)

Replace section 162(5) and (6) with:

(5)

Before or on entry into the premises, the constable must—

(a)

give or show the occupier of the premises a copy of the warrant; and

(b)

identify himself or herself by name or by a unique identifier; and

(c)

if not in Police uniform, produce evidence of his or her identity.

(6)

If the occupier of the premises is not present at any time during the entry, or no person is in charge of the premises during the entry, the constable carrying out the entry must, unless to do so would prejudice an ongoing investigation,—

(a)

on completion of the entry, leave a copy of the notice referred to in subsection (6A) and a copy of the arrest warrant (if applicable) in a prominent position at the premises; or

(b)

if that is not reasonably practicable, provide a copy of the notice referred to in subsection (6A) and a copy of the arrest warrant (if applicable) to the occupier of the premises no later than 7 days after the exercise of the power.

(6A)

The notice required by subsection (6) is a written notice containing the following particulars:

(a)

the date and time of the commencement and completion of the entry:

(b)

the name or unique identifier of the person who had overall responsibility for the entry:

(c)

the address of the office to which inquiries should be made.

(6B)

For the purposes of this section, the following persons may not be treated as the occupier of the premises:

(a)

any person who is under 14 years of age:

(b)

any person who the constable executing the warrant has reasonable grounds to believe is not the occupier of the premises.

(2)

In section 162(7), replace “subsection (4) or (5)” with “subsection (4), (5), or (6) in each place.

33A New section 192A inserted (Power of Solicitor-General or Crown prosecutor to join charge or charges)

After section 192, insert:

192A Power of Solicitor-General or Crown prosecutor to join charge or charges

(1)

Without the leave of the court, the Solicitor-General or a Crown prosecutor may, on filing a notice under section 189 in relation to a proceeding, or before the trial and within any prescribed period after filing that notice, file in the court hearing the proceeding a notice that—

(a)

2 or more charges against 1 defendant are to be heard together:

(b)

the charges against 1 defendant are to be heard with charges against 1 or more other defendants.

(2)

Subsection (1) overrides section 138(2).

(3)

Subsection (1) does not prevent—

(a)

the Solicitor-General or a Crown prosecutor seeking the leave of the court under section 138(2) for charges to be heard together; or

(b)

the court, on its own motion or on the application of the prosecutor or defendant, ordering under section 138(4) that 1 or more charges against a defendant be heard separately.

34 Section 219 amended (First appeal courts)

In section 219, insert as subsection (2):

(2)

For the purposes of subsection (1), if a defendant elected a jury trial but subsequently withdrew his or her election before trial,—

(a)

the defendant must be treated as if he or she had not elected a jury trial; but

(b)

any appeal commenced before the date on which the defendant withdrew his or her election must be determined by the appeal court that had jurisdiction to determine the appeal at the time it was commenced.

35 Section 230 amended (First appeal courts)

In section 230, insert as subsection (2):

(2)

For the purposes of subsection (1), if a convicted person elected a jury trial but subsequently withdrew his or her election before trial, the convicted person must be treated as if he or she had not elected a jury trial.

36 Section 247 amended (First appeal courts)

In section 247, insert as subsection (2):

(2)

For the purposes of subsection (1), if a convicted person elected a jury trial but subsequently withdrew his or her election before trial, the convicted person must be treated as if he or she had not elected a jury trial.

37 Section 272 amended (First appeal courts)

In section 272, insert as subsection (2):

(2)

For the purposes of subsection (1), if a defendant elected a jury trial but subsequently withdrew his or her election before trial,—

(a)

the defendant must be treated as if he or she had not elected a jury trial; but

(b)

any appeal commenced before the date on which the defendant withdrew his or her election must be determined by the appeal court that had jurisdiction to determine the appeal at the time it was commenced.

38 Section 297 amended (First appeal courts)

(1)

In section 297(b)(i), replace “person charged” with “defendant”.

(2)

In section 297, insert as subsection (2):

(2)

For the purposes of subsection (1), if a defendant elected a jury trial but subsequently withdrew his or her election before trial,—

(a)

the defendant must be treated as if he or she had not elected a jury trial; but

(b)

any appeal commenced before the date on which the defendant withdrew his or her election must be determined by the appeal court that had jurisdiction to determine the appeal at the time it was commenced.

39 Section 357 amended (Jurisdiction of Community Magistrates to impose sentence in respect of certain category 2 offences)

(1)

In the heading to section 357, after certain category, insert 1 and.

(2)

Replace section 357(1) with:

(1)

This section applies to—

(a)

any category 1 offence in respect of which the maximum penalty that can be imposed is a community-based sentence and not a term of imprisonment; and

(b)

any category 2 offence in respect of which the maximum term of imprisonment that can be imposed does not exceed 3 months.

(3)

After section 357(4), insert:

(5)

Nothing in this section applies when the District Court presided over by 1 or more Community Magistrates is exercising jurisdiction in accordance with section 356.

41 Section 400 replaced (Defendants and proceedings to be tried together)

Replace section 400 with:

400 When defendants or proceedings to be heard together under same procedural law

(1)

This section applies if—

(a)

proceedings were commenced (in any of the ways described in section 397(3)) before 1 July 2013 against a defendant for an offence; and

(b)

the proceedings have not been finally determined; and

(c)

the proceedings are not proceedings to which section 399 applies; and

(d)

on or after 1 July 2013,—

(i)

a charging document is filed against the defendant for an offence arising from the same transaction, set of circumstances, incident, or series of incidents as the offence for which proceedings were commenced before 1 July 2013; or

(ii)

a charging document is filed against another person charging him or her with an offence arising from the same transaction, set of circumstances, incident, or series of incidents specified in the information laid against the defendant, and the prosecutor wishes the charges against both defendants to be heard together.

(2)

The proceedings against the defendant or defendants must be conducted in accordance with the law as it was before 1 July 2013 as if any charging document filed under the Act were an information laid and filed under the Summary Proceedings Act 1957.

(3)

The prosecutor must give a notice to the court and the defendant or defendants that states whether the charging document referred to in subsection (2) is to be treated as an information in form 1 of Schedule 2 of the Summary Proceedings Act 1957 (as it read before its repeal) or an information in form 2 of Schedule 2 of that Act (as it read before its repeal).

42 Section 403A amended (Transitional provision regarding effect of appeal on sentence of home detention)

In section 403A(c), replace “sections 54, 55, 58 and 59A of the Bail Act” with “sections 14, 53, 54, 55, 58, and 60 of that Act”.

42A New Schedule 1AA inserted

Insert the Schedule 1AA set out in Schedule 2A of this Act as the first schedule to appear after the last section of the principal Act.

Part 3 Amendments to Summary Proceedings Act 1957

43 Principal Act

This Part amends the Summary Proceedings Act 1957 (the principal Act).

44 New section 2A inserted (Transitional, savings, and related provisions)

After section 2, insert:

2A Transitional, savings, and related provisions

The transitional, savings, and related provisions set out in Schedule 1 have effect according to their terms.

45 Sections 23A and 24 replaced

Replace sections 23A and 24 with:

23A Service of documents under this Part

(1)

Sections 24, 28, and 29 apply to the service of a document under this Part.

(2)

In this section and in sections 24, 28, and 29, document means—

(a)

a reminder notice; or

(b)

a notice of hearing.

24 Ways documents may be served

(1)

If, under this Part, an informant is required to serve a document on a defendant, the requirement may be met by the informant—

(a)

delivering the document to the defendant or, if the defendant refuses to accept it, bringing it to the defendant’s notice; or

(b)

leaving the document for the defendant at the defendant’s place of residence with another person who appears to be of or over the age of 14 years; or

(c)

leaving the document for the defendant at the defendant’s place of business or place of work with another person; or

(d)

sending the document to the defendant by prepaid post addressed to the defendant’s last known place of residence or place of business or work; or

(e)

sending the document in electronic form to the defendant’s electronic address in any case where the defendant does not have a known place of residence or business in New Zealand; or

(f)

complying with a means of service prescribed by rules or regulations made under section 212(2)(f).

(2)

However, a District Court Judge, a Justice, a Community Magistrate, or the Registrar may, if he or she thinks fit, direct that a document be served in accordance with subsection (1)(a).

(3)

For defendants to whom section 28 applies, subsection (1) is modified to the extent provided by that section.

46 Sections 25 to 27 repealed

Repeal sections 25 to 27.

47 Sections 28 and 29 replaced

Replace sections 28 and 29 with:

28 Service provisions modified in special cases

(1)

If a document is served in accordance with this section, it is, for the purposes of section 24, taken to be served on the defendant concerned.

(2)

If the defendant is a body corporate or a Crown organisation, a document may be served—

(a)

by being sent, in accordance with section 24(1)(d) or (e), to the body corporate or Crown organisation for the attention of an officer or employee of that body or organisation:

(b)

by being delivered to an officer or employee of the body corporate or Crown organisation at its head office, principal place of business, or registered office, or by bringing it to the officer’s notice or the employee’s notice if that person refuses to accept it.

(3)

If a lawyer has authenticated a memorandum stating that the lawyer is authorised to accept service of a document on behalf of the defendant, the document may be served on the lawyer in any way authorised by section 24.

(4)

In addition to the ways of service authorised by section 24, a document may be served by delivering or sending it to, or by leaving it with,—

(a)

in the case of a defendant who lives or works on board a vessel (including a vessel belonging to the Royal New Zealand Navy), the person on board who is apparently in charge of the vessel:

(b)

in the case of a defendant who is a member of the New Zealand Armed Forces, the officer apparently in command of the unit or detachment to which the defendant belongs:

(c)

in the case of a defendant who is a prisoner, the manager or any other officer apparently in charge of the prison.

29 Proof of service of documents

(1)

Service of a document by an informant may be proved by an endorsement on a copy of the document showing the fact, date, time, and mode of service.

(2)

An endorsement under subsection (1) must be signed by the person who served the document.

(3)

A person who wilfully endorses a false statement on a copy of a document commits an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or to a fine not exceeding $2,000, or to both.

(4)

If a document is sent by prepaid post, then, unless the contrary is shown, the document is to be treated as having been served on the 5th working day after the date on which the document was posted, and, in proving service, it is sufficient to prove that the letter concerned was properly addressed and posted.

(5)

If a document is sent in electronic form, then, unless the contrary is shown, the document is to be treated as having been served at the time the electronic communication first enters an information system that is outside the control of the document’s originator, and, in proving service, it is sufficient to prove that the document concerned was properly addressed and sent.

(6)

In this section, information system means a system for producing, sending, receiving, storing, displaying, or otherwise processing electronic communications.

48 New cross-heading above section 30 inserted

After section 29, insert:

Use of Māori language

49 Section 79 amended (Interpretation)

(1)

In section 79(1), replace the definition of property with:

property has the same meaning as in section 4 of the Property Law Act 2007

(2)

In section 79(1), definition of resolved, paragraph (a)(i), replace “and 86C” with “86C, and 86DA.

(3)

In section 79(1), definition of resolved, paragraph (a)(ii), after “83(2)(c),”, insert 86DB,”.

(4)

In section 79(1), definition of resolved, paragraph (a)(iii), replace “87(2)(b)” with 86DB, 87(2)(b),”.

(5)

In section 79(1), definition of resolved, after paragraph (a)(iv), insert:

(v)

by a sale order under section 88AE(1)(ab); or

(6)

In section 79(1), replace the definitions of secured party, security agreement, and security interest with:

secured party includes—

(a)

a secured party (within the meaning of section 16(1) of the Personal Property Securities Act 1999), which applies as if the reference to a security interest is a reference to a security interest under this section; and

(b)

a mortgagee (within the meaning of section 4 of the Property Law Act 2007)

security agreement includes—

(a)

a security agreement (within the meaning of section 16(1) of the Personal Property Securities Act 1999) other than a lease; and

(b)

a mortgage (within the meaning of section 4 of the Property Law Act 2007)

security interest includes—

(a)

a security agreement (within the meaning of section 16(1) of the Personal Property Securities Act 1999) other than a lease; and

(b)

a mortgage (within the meaning of section 4 of the Property Law Act 2007)

50 Section 79A amended (Service of documents under this Part)

(1)

Replace section 79A(1)(d) with:

(d)

if authorised by rules or regulations made under section 212(2)(e), by the Registrar or the chief executive communicating, in accordance with those rules or regulations, the contents of the document to the recipient orally (including by telephone):

(e)

by complying with a means of service prescribed by rules or regulations made under section 212(2)(f).

(2)

In section 79A(5), definition of authorised process server, paragraph (e), after “Part”, insert “; or”.

(3)

In section 79A(5), definition of authorised process server, after paragraph (e), insert:

(f)

an individual who is authorised by the Secretary for Justice to serve documents under this Part

51 Section 79B amended (Service provisions modified in special cases)

In section 79B(3), replace “solicitor” with “lawyer” in each place.

52 Section 84 amended (Notice of fine)

(1)

In section 84(2)(e), replace “a Registrar or bailiff” with “a Registrar, a bailiff, or the chief executive”.

(2)

In section 84(2)(f), replace “section 86 or 86C,” with “section 86, 86C, or 86DA,”.

(3)

After section 84(2)(f)(iii), insert:

(iiia)

the fine may be added to an existing arrangement, an attachment order, or a deduction notice under section 86DB:

(4)

After section 84(2)(f)(iv), insert:

(v)

a statutory land charge:

(vi)

a sale order:

(5)

In section 84(2)(g), after “District Court Judge”, insert “, Community Magistrate, or Registrar”.

(6)

In section 84(5)(c), replace “section 86 or 86C” with “section 86, 86C, or 86DA.

53 Section 86 amended (Registrar may arrange extension of time to pay)

In section 86(5), replace “sections 86A, 86C, and 86D,” with “sections 86A, 86C, 86D, and 86DA,”.

54 Section 86A amended (Registrar may vary, suspend, or cancel arrangement for extension of time to pay fine or attachment order)

(1)

After section 86A(1)(a), insert:

(aa)

the defendant’s or his or her representative’s financial position has improved significantly since the arrangement was entered into; or

(ab)

the defendant or his or her representative entered into the arrangement for the purpose of avoiding interception at a New Zealand airport before departing from New Zealand and the defendant intends to leave New Zealand for an extended period within the next 10 days; or

(2)

After section 86A(4), insert:

(4A)

If, under subsection (1)(a), (aa), or (ab), an arrangement extending the time to pay is cancelled, the cancellation may be made without notice and takes effect immediately.

(4B)

If the Registrar, after cancelling an arrangement extending the time to pay under subsection (1)(a), (aa), or (ab), becomes aware (whether as a result of new information or otherwise) that there were no or inadequate grounds for cancelling the arrangement, the Registrar must reinstate the arrangement and it continues in force as if it had not been cancelled.

(3)

In section 86A(5), replace “If subsection (1)(a) or (b)” with “Unless subsection (4A) applies, if subsection (1)(a), (aa), (ab), or (b)”.

(3A)

In section 86A(8), replace A determination with Unless subsection (4A) applies, a determination.

(4)

In section 86A(8)(a), after “subsection (1)(a)”, insert “, (aa), (ab),”.

(5)

In section 86A(9), after “86D”, insert 86DA,”.

(6)

After section 86A(9)(b)(i), insert:

(ia)

the chief executive under subsection (1); or

(ia)

the chief executive under section 86DA;

55 New sections 86DA to 86DD inserted

After section 86D, insert:

86DA Chief executive may approve automated electronic system to arrange extension of time to pay fine or to vary or suspend existing arrangement

(1)

If a fine is payable and not subject to an order for immediate payment, the chief executive may enter into an arrangement with a defendant or with his or her representative, or agree to vary or suspend an existing arrangement, to allow for either or both of the following:

(a)

a greater time for payment:

(b)

payment to be made by instalments.

(2)

An arrangement under subsection (1) may not permit a fine to remain unpaid,—

(a)

unless paragraph (b) or (c) applies, for more than 5 years after the date on which the arrangement is entered into:

(b)

if an existing arrangement is varied, for more than 5 years after the date on which the variation is agreed:

(c)

if an existing arrangement is suspended, for more than 5 years after the date on which payments resume under the arrangement.

(3)

Subject to section 86DC, the chief executive may approve an automated electronic system to be administered by the Ministry of Justice to—

(a)

receive and process applications for an arrangement or to vary or suspend an existing arrangement under subsection (1); and

(b)

enter into or decline to enter into an arrangement, or vary or suspend or decline to vary or suspend an existing arrangement, under subsection (1).

(4)

If the chief executive approves an automated electronic system under subsection (3), he or she must also approve procedures for the operation of the system, which must include procedures for,—

(a)

subject to this section, setting the criteria for determining whether an arrangement will be entered into, varied, or suspended; and

(b)

identifying the information that will be sought from or about a defendant when an application under this section is made (which must be limited to information relevant to the application); and

(c)

notifying the defendant or his or her representative that he or she may apply to vary or suspend an arrangement if it becomes too onerous or if the defendant’s financial circumstances change; and

(d)

a review by a person, under section 86DC(b) section 86DC(1)(b), of any action taken under this section by the system and notifying the defendant or his or her representative about that option.

(5)

If an application made under this section is declined, a defendant or his or her representative may apply to a Registrar or a bailiff under section 86 or 86C to extend the time to pay the fine.

(6)

In this section and section 86DB,—

arrangement means an arrangement extending the time to pay a fine

existing arrangement means an arrangement that was previously entered into under this Part with a Registrar, a bailiff, or the chief executive and under which payments are still being made

vary includes adding a further fine to an existing arrangement.

86DB Chief executive may approve automated electronic system to add fine to existing arrangement, attachment order, or deduction notice without notice

(1)

The chief executive may, without notice, but subject to subsection (2) and any procedures approved under subsection (4), add the amount of another fine to an existing arrangement, attachment order, or deduction notice if—

(a)

another fine is imposed on the defendant; and

(b)

the defendant defaults in the payment of the fine and does not enter into an arrangement with a Registrar, a bailiff, or the chief executive to extend the time to pay.

(2)

The addition of another fine to an existing arrangement or attachment order under subsection (1) must not have the effect that either of those measures continues to operate for more than 5 years after the date on which the last fine is added, unless the measure is varied or suspended under this Part.

(3)

Subject to section 86DC, the chief executive may approve an automated electronic system to be administered by the Ministry of Justice to perform the actions described in subsection (1).

(4)

If the chief executive approves an automated electronic system under subsection (3), he or she must also approve procedures for the operation of the system, which must include procedures for,—

(a)

if a fine has been added to an existing arrangement, notifying the defendant of the new amount owing under the arrangement and the period over which payments will need to be made; and

(b)

if a fine has been added to an existing attachment order or deduction notice, making a new order or issuing a new notice to replace the existing order or notice, giving a copy to the defendant, and serving a copy on the defendant’s employer or bank; and

(c)

notifying the defendant that he or she may apply—

(i)

to vary or suspend an arrangement, attachment order, or deduction notice if the payments become too onerous or if his or her financial circumstances change:

(ii)

for a review by a person under section 86DC(b) section 86DC(1)(b) of any action taken under this section by the system.

(5)

In this section, an existing arrangement means an arrangement that was previously entered into with a Registrar, a bailiff, or the chief executive and under which payments are still being made.

86DC Approval of automated electronic systems

(1)

The chief executive may approve the automated electronic systems described in this Part only if satisfied that—

(a)

each system has the capacity to do any actions required with reasonable reliability; and

(b)

there is a process available under which a person affected by an action preferred performed by an electronic system can have that action reviewed by a person authorised by the chief executive to review those actions, without undue delay.

(2)

A person authorised by the chief executive under subsection (1) to review actions may, on a review of an action, confirm, vary, or cancel the action.

(3)

An action confirmed or varied under subsection (2) must, for the purposes of this Part, be treated as an arrangement with the chief executive.

86DD Registrar or chief executive may require bank to cancel automatic payment

(1)

When an arrangement to pay a fine is made with a Registrar, a bailiff, or the chief executive under this Part, a Registrar or the chief executive may, at any time, notify a bank from which any payment or payments have been received, including by way of automatic payment, to stop any further payments after a particular date.

(2)

If a bank receives advice from a Registrar or the chief executive under subsection (1), it must stop any further payments after the date stated in the notice, whether or not the bank has the permission of the customer or account holder to do so.

56 New section 86I inserted (Financial assessment if fine is unpaid)

After section 86H, insert:

86I Financial assessment if fine is unpaid

(1)

This section applies if—

(a)

a fine is unpaid; and

(b)

the Registrar considers it would be desirable to require the defendant to undertake a financial assessment before deciding what enforcement action to undertake under section 87.

(2)

The Registrar may order that the defendant be brought before the court to enable the Registrar to undertake a financial assessment of the defendant.

57 Section 87 amended (Action if fine or instalment not paid or if arrangement or attachment order cancelled)

After section 87(2), insert:

(2A)

If this section applies and the total amount of any fine or fines owed by a defendant is $5,000 or more,—

(a)

a charge applies to that amount; and

(b)

the charge may be registered against land owned by the defendant, in accordance with the Statutory Land Charges Registration Act 1928 or sections 117 to 121 of the Land Transfer Act 2017, as the case requires, and the provisions of those Acts apply accordingly.

(2B)

If a defendant defaults in payment of a fine, the chief executive may make an attachment order attaching any salary or wages payable or becoming payable to the defendant.

(2C)

Subject to section 86DC, the chief executive may approve an automated electronic system to be administered by the Ministry of Justice to make an attachment order under subsection (2B).

(2D)

If the chief executive approves an automated electronic system under subsection (2C), he or she must also approve procedures for the operation of the system, which (where relevant) must be consistent with sections 103, 104, and 105.

(2E)

For each attachment order (if any) made under subsection (2B), the defendant is liable to pay a single fee in the amount set under regulations made under this Act in respect of enforcement action taken under this Act to enforce a fine, except that the fee may be waived if the chief executive is satisfied that the defendant does not have the means to pay the fee.

58 New sections 87AAA and 87AAB inserted

After section 87, insert:

87AAA Agreements to vary charge on land

(1)

If any land owned by a defendant is subject to a charge referred to in section 87(2A)(b), a Registrar may, if he or she considers that it would be unjust or unreasonable to require immediate payment of the amount charged, enter into an agreement with the defendant for the release of all or part of the land from all or part of the charge.

(2)

The agreement may provide for all or part of the charge to attach to any other land owned by the defendant, and may be subject to conditions.

(3)

The agreement has the effect of—

(a)

releasing from the charge any land agreed to be released from the charge; and

(b)

subjecting any land agreed to be subject to a charge to the charge as agreed.

87AAB Enforcement of charge on land

A transfer or an act done with the intention, or having the effect, of defeating a charge referred to in section 87(2A) is void, except where the transfer or act is to, or in favour of, a purchaser in good faith for value who, at the time of the transfer or act, had no notice of the charge.

59 Section 87B amended (Deduction of fines)

In section 87B(1)(b), replace “or 86C” with “, 86C, or 86DA.

60 Section 88 amended (Actions if fine remains unpaid)

(1)

In section 88(1)(a), after “section 87(2)”, insert or (2A), (2A), or (2B).

(2)

In section 88(1)(c)(ii), after “for any other reason”, insert “(and even though enforcement action has not been taken),”.

60A Section 88AA amended (Form and execution of warrant for arrest)

After section 88AA(4), insert:

(5)

For the purposes of this Act, a warrant to arrest is issued when a Registrar enters the details of that warrant into a computer system accessible to the Police or a bailiff.

61 Section 88AE amended (Powers of District Court Judge or Community Magistrate after considering report of Registrar under section 88(2)(b) or 88AD(2)(c))

(1)

In section 88AE(1)(a), after “section 87(2)”, insert “or (2A).

(2)

After section 88AE(1)(a), insert:

(ab)

if the total amount of any fine or fines owed by the defendant is $50,000 or more and the District Court Judge or Community Magistrate is satisfied that a sale order will not cause undue hardship to the defendant or the dependants of the defendant, make a sale order in a form approved under section 209A authorising the District Court Judge, Community Magistrate, or Registrar, as the case requires, to sell some or all of the defendant’s property (including land under the Land Transfer Act 1952), and the proceeds of sale must be dealt with under section 100R or 100RA; or

62 Section 89 amended (Rights of representation and appeal)

In section 89(1), replace “barrister or solicitor” with “lawyer”.

63 Section 92B amended (Purpose of disclosure and use of information)

Replace section 92B(2)(b) with:

(b)

authorise credit reporters to disclose fine status responses—

(i)

to subscribers to enable them to assess the creditworthiness of query subjects:

(ii)

to subscribers who are credit providers, to enable them to protect themselves against the possible subordination of their security interests that might otherwise be required by this Act:

64 Section 92H amended (Monitoring and audits by chief executive)

In section 92H(1)(a), after “conditions”, insert “or restrictions”.

65 Section 97 amended (Purposes of sections 98 to 100T)

In section 97(a), replace “seizure of property” with “seizure and, where appropriate, sale of real and personal property”.

67 Section 100E amended (Release of property if fine and other costs paid or if certain appeals successful)

In section 100E(1), after “Any property”, insert “(whether real property or personal property)”.

68 Section 100F amended (Release of property to certain owners)

In section 100F(1), after “seized property”, insert “(whether real property or personal property)”.

69 Section 100H amended (Lessor may apply to Registrar)

(1)

In section 100H(1)(a), after “property seized”, insert “(whether real property or personal property)”.

(2)

Replace section 100H(1)(c) with:

(c)

in the case of a motor vehicle seized in respect of a traffic fine, the lessor is not a substitute for the defendant or a nominee for the defendant or the substitute.

(3)

In section 100H(5), replace “property” with “a motor vehicle”.

70 Section 100I amended (What happens if lessor does not apply to Registrar before property sold or disposed of)

(1)

In section 100I(1)(b), after “property”, insert “(whether real property or personal property)”.

(2)

In section 100I(4), after “section 100R”, insert “or 100RA, as the case requires,”.

(3)

In section 100I(5), replace “section 100R applies” with “if section 100R applies, it applies”.

(4)

After section 100I(5), insert:

(5A)

Despite subsection (4), if section 100RA applies, it applies subject to the following modifications:

(a)

the proceeds of the sale of the property must be applied in payment to the lessor of the amount to which the lessor would, but for the sale, have been entitled under the lease; and

(b)

the proceeds of the sale of the property must be applied in the manner and order of priority set out in section 100RA, except that,—

(i)

in the case of a lease for a term of 1 year or less, those proceeds must be applied for the payment to the lessor described in paragraph (a) after they are applied for the payments described in section 100RA(1)(a), but before they are applied for the remainder of the payments described in section 100RA(1)(b) to (g); and

(ii)

in the case of a lease for a term of more than 1 year, those proceeds must be applied for the payment to the lessor described in paragraph (a) as if they were payments described in section 100RA(1)(b), and section 100RA(2) applied.

71 Section 100J amended (Claims by secured parties)

(1)

In section 100J(1), replace “The Registrar or a District Court Judge” with “The Registrar, a Community Magistrate, or a District Court Judge”.

(2)

In section 100J(1), replace “seized property” with “property to be sold (whether real property or personal property)”.

72 Section 100L amended (Sale of secured property by secured party or by court)

In section 100L(1), after “if the property”, insert “(whether real property or personal property)”.

73 Section 100N amended (Application of proceeds of sale by secured party)

(1)

Replace section 100N(1)(b) with:

(b)

pay into court the proceeds of sale, less—

(i)

any amount paid under section 100M; and

(ii)

the amount owing under the security agreement relating to the secured property; and

(iii)

the amount of costs and expenses of, and incidental to, the sale.

(2)

In section 100N(2), after “section 100R(1)(c) to (j) and (2)”, insert “or section 100RA(1)(b) to (g).

74 Section 100O amended (Failure by secured party to sell or account for proceeds)

(1)

In section 100O(2), after “section 100R(1)”, insert “or 100RA(1).

(2)

In section 100O(2), after “section 100R(5)”, insert “or 100RA(3).

75 Section 100P amended (Sale or disposal of property seized)

(1)

In the heading to section 100P, delete seized.

(2)

In section 100P(1), after “warrant to seize property”, insert “or may be sold under a sale order”.

(3)

In section 100P(2), after “property was seized”, insert “or a sale order was issued”.

(4)

After section 100P(7), insert:

(7A)

If real property is sold under this section, a District Court Judge or Community Magistrate must issue an order vesting the property in the person who bought it.

(5)

Replace section 100P(10) with:

(10)

The purchaser or assignee of property sold, or disposed of, under this section obtains as a consequence of this section,—

(a)

in the case of personal property, good title to the property free of all ownership and other proprietary interests held in the property before that sale or disposition:

(b)

in the case of real property, on registration, the estate or interests of the previous registered owner, freed of any registered mortgage, or charge.

76 Section 100R amended (Application of proceeds of sale)

(1)

In the heading to section 100R, after sale, insert of personal property.

(2)

In section 100R(1), before “property”, insert “personal”.

77 New section 100RA inserted (Application of proceeds of sale of real property)

After section 100R, insert:

100RA Application of proceeds of sale of real property

(1)

When real property is sold under section 100P, following the making of a sale order under section 88AE(1)(ab), the proceeds of the sale must be applied in the following manner and order of priority:

(a)

in payment of the costs of the sale (including all costs incurred in selling the property and in complying with the provisions of this Part preliminary to sale):

(b)

if 1 or more security agreements have been recognised under section 100J before the proceeds of the sale are fully applied, in payment to each secured party of the amount to which the secured party would, but for the extinguishment of the security interest concerned, have been entitled under that agreement less any applicable default balance certified, under section 100K, in respect of that agreement:

(c)

in payment of any amount of reparation payable by the defendant:

(d)

in payment of any offender levy:

(e)

in payment of the fine specified in the order:

(f)

in payment to any secured party or secured parties of the applicable default balance or the applicable default balances certified under section 100K and deducted under paragraph (b):

(g)

to the defendant.

(2)

If any proceeds of sale are required to be applied to 2 or more mortgages under subsection (1)(f), those proceeds must be applied in the order of the priority determined for those mortgages by section 185 of the Property Law Act 2007.

(3)

The Judge or a Community Magistrate may, on application or on his or her own initiative, give any directions as to the application of the proceeds of sale under subsection (1) or (2).

78 Section 102B amended (Proceedings against bailiffs acting under warrants)

In section 102B(1)(a), replace “solicitor” with “lawyer”.

79 Section 103 amended (Effect of attachment order)

(1)

In section 103(1), replace “section 87(2)(b) or section 88AE(1)(a)” with “section 87(2)(b) or (2B) or 88AE(1)(a)”.

(2)

After section 103(1), insert:

(1A)

A copy of an attachment order must be served on the defendant.

80 Section 105 amended (Content of attachment orders)

In section 105(3), replace “Registrar” with “Registrar or the chief executive”.

81 Section 106 amended (Liability of employer)

In section 106(4) and (4A), after “notify the Registrar of the court in which the attachment order was issued”, insert “or the chief executive, if the attachment order was made by the chief executive,”.

82 Section 212 amended (Rules and regulations)

Replace section 212(2) with:

(2)

Without limiting the general power to make rules and regulations conferred by this section, rules or regulations may be made under this section—

(a)

prescribing the forms to be used in respect of any proceedings to which this Act applies:

(b)

prescribing the court fees to be paid in respect of any proceedings or any processes to which this Act applies:

(c)

prescribing the fees and charges to be paid for the purposes of this Act:

(d)

providing for documents to be sent in electronic form under section 24(1)(e) or 79A(1)(c), including (without limitation) provisions for the retention of records that evidence the fact that, and the date and time when, such documents were sent to electronic addresses:

(e)

specifying, for the purposes of section 79A(1)(d), the kinds of documents that may be served by communicating their contents orally, and prescribing any conditions and restrictions for such communications and the ways in which such communications must be made, including any provisions for the recording of such communications and for the retention, custody, disclosure, use, and destruction of such recordings:

(f)

prescribing, for the purposes of sections 24(1)(f) and 79A(1)(e), a means by which documents may be served:

(g)

prescribing requirements or other matters in relation to the provision of particulars of reminder notices in electronic form under section 21, and any matters in relation to the verification or processing of those particulars:

(h)

regulating the searching of records of 1 or more of the following:

(i)

particulars of reminder notices provided under section 21:

(ii)

the results of any verification processes undertaken under section 21:

(iii)

reminder notices deemed to have been filed and orders deemed to have been made under section 21:

(iv)

notices of hearings filed under section 21:

(v)

applications filed under section 78B:

(vi)

any matter related to the items in subparagraphs (i) to (v):

(i)

providing for any other matters in respect of which rules or regulations are contemplated under this Act.

83 New Schedule 1 inserted

Insert the Schedule 1 set out in Schedule 1 of this Act as the first schedule to appear after the last section of the principal Act.

Amendments to other enactments

84 Amendments to other enactments

Amend the enactments specified in Schedule 2 as set out in that schedule.

Part 4 Amendments to other Acts

Subpart 1—Amendments to Bail Act 2000

85 Principal Act

This subpart amends the Bail Act 2000 (the principal Act).

85A Section 26 amended (Breach of condition of Police bail)

In section 26, replace “, 51, and 52” with “and 54A.

86 Sections 33 and 34 replaced

Replace sections 33 and 34 with:

33 Variation of conditions of bail

(1)

The court for the time being having jurisdiction in the proceeding for an offence with which a defendant has been charged may,—

(a)

on the application of the defendant or the prosecutor, make an order varying or revoking any condition of bail or substituting or imposing any other condition of bail; and

(b)

on the application of an EM assessor, make an order varying the EM address.

(2)

However, in the case of the variation of an EM condition, the only orders the court may make under subsection (1)(a) in relation to that EM condition are—

(a)

an order authorising absence from the EM address:

(b)

an order varying or revoking any existing authorisation of absence from the EM address:

(c)

an order varying the EM address.

(3)

If the court makes an order under subsection (1) in relation to an EM condition, sections 30A to 30S apply to the extent necessary and with the necessary modifications.

(4)

No application may be made under subsection (1) or (6) in respect of a bail bond that has been entered in any case where sureties are required, unless the sureties to the bail bond have consented to the making of the application.

(5)

A Registrar may exercise the power conferred by subsection (1) to make an order if—

(a)

the court in which the proceeding for an offence is, for the time being having jurisdiction in the proceeding for an offence is the District Court; and

(b)

the prosecutor agrees.

(6)

If a court or Registrar has, in granting bail to any defendant, imposed the condition that the defendant report to the Police at such time or times and at such place or places as the court or Registrar orders, a Registrar may, on the application of the defendant, make an order varying the time or times or the place or places at which the defendant is required to so report.

34 Consequences of variation of conditions of bail

(1)

If a court or Registrar varies or revokes any condition of bail or substitutes or imposes any other condition of bail under section 33(1), the following provisions apply:

(a)

if the defendant is present at the court, a Registrar must,—

(i)

as soon as is reasonably practicable, prepare a new notice of bail or bail bond (whichever is applicable) setting out the conditions of bail as amended (if any); and

(ii)

be satisfied that the defendant understands the conditions of bail; and

(iii)

require the defendant to authenticate the notice of bail or bail bond:

(b)

if the defendant is not present at the court, a Registrar must send written notice to the defendant and to every surety (if any) requiring them to attend at a specified time and place for the execution of a fresh notice of bail or bail bond that contains the conditions as amended (if any).

(2)

If, in any case to which subsection (1) applies, the defendant fails without reasonable excuse to attend at the time and place required, or fails to authenticate a fresh notice of bail or bail bond, the Registrar of the office of the court at the place where the condition of bail was varied or revoked or substituted or imposed must refer the matter to a Judge, who may issue a warrant for the arrest of the defendant.

(3)

A Registrar may exercise the power under subsection (2) to issue a warrant to arrest the defendant if the court in which the proceeding for an offence is, for the time being having jurisdiction in the proceeding for an offence is the District Court.

86A Section 40 amended (Bail on deferment of sentence)

(1)

In section 40(4), replace “44 to 52” with “41 to 44”.

(2)

Replace section 40(5) and (6) with:

(5)

If any decision is made by the District Court or the High Court under section 33(1) (as applied by subsection (4)) in respect of an offender, the provisions of sections 41 to 43, as far as they are applicable and with all necessary modifications, apply as if the offender were a defendant granted bail.

87 Sections 41 to 52 and cross-headings replaced

Replace sections 41 to 52 and the cross-headings above sections 41, 44, 47, 50, and 51 with:

41 Interpretation

In this subpart, unless the context otherwise requires, appeal court means,—

(a)

if a decision of a Justice or Justices or a Community Magistrate or Community Magistrates is appealed against, the District Court presided over by a District Court Judge:

(b)

if a decision of a District Court Judge is appealed against, the High Court:

(c)

if a decision of the High Court is appealed against, the Court of Appeal:

(d)

if a decision of the Court of Appeal is appealed against, the Supreme Court.

42 Appeal against decision relating to bail

(1)

If a court refuses to grant bail to a defendant (whether before or after conviction and whether under any enactment or rule of law or otherwise), the defendant may appeal to the appeal court against that decision.

(2)

If a court grants bail to a defendant (whether before or after conviction and whether under any enactment or rule of law or otherwise), the prosecutor may appeal to the appeal court against that decision.

(3)

If a court imposes, or refuses to impose, any condition of bail, or makes or refuses to make an order under section 33 varying or revoking any condition of bail or substituting or imposing any other condition of bail, the defendant or the prosecutor may appeal to the appeal court against that decision.

(4)

For the purposes of an appeal under this section, the failure to impose a condition of bail on any occasion on which the condition could lawfully be imposed is deemed to be a refusal to impose the condition.

(5)

No person may seek bail in the High Court under that court’s inherent jurisdiction if the person has a right of appeal to a District Court Judge under this section.

(6)

An appeal under this section is by way of rehearing.

43 Procedure relating to appeal under section 42

(1)

Sections 273 to 275 and subpart 12 of Part 6 of the Criminal Procedure Act 2011 apply to an appeal under section 42 as if the appeal were a first appeal against a decision on a costs order, except that the notice of appeal must be filed within 20 working days after the date of the decision appealed against.

(2)

Despite any other enactment or rule of law, on the hearing of the appeal under section 42, it is not necessary for either party to produce—

(a)

any note or transcript of the evidence adduced to the court appealed from; or

(b)

any note of the reasons for the decision appealed against; or

(c)

any copy of any note or transcript referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).

(3)

Every decision of the appeal court on an appeal under section 42 is final.

(4)

No decision appealed against under section 42 is suspended merely because notice of that appeal has been given.

(5)

An appeal under section 42 that is not heard before the date on which the decision appealed against ceases to have any effect—

(a)

lapses on that date; and

(b)

is deemed to be abandoned.

(6)

If the defendant does not appear at the hearing of the appeal under section 42(2), a Judge of the appeal court may, if he or she thinks fit, issue a warrant for the arrest of the defendant.

44 Execution of decision of appeal court on appeal relating to bail under section 42

(1)

If, on an appeal under section 42, the appeal court determines that bail should not be granted or, as the case may be, should not be continued, a warrant for the detention of the defendant in custody must be issued by a Judge of the appeal court.

(2)

The person who executes a warrant issued under subsection (1) must ensure that a copy of the notice of the result of the appeal is given to the defendant when the warrant is executed or as soon as practicable after the warrant is executed.

(3)

If, on an appeal under section 42 against a refusal to grant bail, bail is granted,—

(a)

the appeal court must order that the defendant be released on bail; and

(b)

sections 30 and 31 apply.

(4)

If, on an appeal under section 42 in respect of any condition of bail, the appeal court varies or revokes any condition of bail or substitutes or imposes any other condition of bail, the following provisions apply:

(a)

if the defendant is present at the appeal court, a Registrar must,—

(i)

as soon as is reasonably practicable, prepare a new notice of bail or bail bond (whichever is applicable) setting out the conditions of bail as amended (if any); and

(ii)

be satisfied that the defendant understands the conditions of bail; and

(iii)

require the defendant to authenticate the notice of bail or bail bond:

(b)

if the defendant is not present at the appeal court, a Registrar of the court appealed from must send written notice to the defendant and to every surety (if any) requiring them to attend at a specified time and place for the execution of a fresh notice of bail or bail bond that contains the conditions as amended (if any) required to give effect to the decision on the appeal.

(5)

If, in any case to which subsection (4) applies, the defendant fails without reasonable excuse to attend at the time and place required, or fails to authenticate a fresh notice of bail or bail bond, a Judge of the court appealed from may issue a warrant for the arrest of the defendant.

87A Section 52A amended (Period for which warrant for detention in custody may be issued)

Replace section 52A(1) with:

(1)

This section applies to a warrant issued under section 44(1).

89 Sections 54 and 55 replaced

Replace sections 54 and 55 with:

54 Granting of bail to appellant in custody or on home detention pending appeal to High Court, Court of Appeal, or Supreme Court

(1)

This section applies if a person—

(a)

is in custody under a conviction or is subject to a sentence of home detention; and

(b)

is appealing against the conviction or sentence, or both, to the High Court, Court of Appeal, or Supreme Court (as the case requires).

(2)

If the appellant is in custody, or is subject to a sentence of home detention, only under the conviction to which the appeal relates, the appellant is bailable at any time before the hearing of the appeal—

(a)

at the discretion of the Judge who presided over the court whose determination is appealed against (if applicable); or

(b)

if that Judge is not available,—

(i)

if the decision was made by a District Court Judge, at the discretion of another District Court Judge; or

(ii)

if the decision was made by a High Court Judge, at the discretion of another High Court Judge; or

(c)

at the discretion of the Court of Appeal or Supreme Court (in the case of an appeal to the Court of Appeal or to the Supreme Court).

(3)

Subject to the provisions of section 31 (as applied by subsection (4)), if an appellant is granted bail pending the determination of an appeal by the High Court, the appellant must be released on condition that the appellant attend personally at the High Court on the day on which the appeal is to be heard and on any day to which the hearing may from time to time be adjourned.

(4)

If an appellant is granted bail under this section, the provisions of sections 30 to 33, 35 to 39, and 54A, as far as they are applicable and with any necessary modifications, apply as if the appellant were a defendant remanded in custody who had been granted bail.

(5)

If an appellant is granted or refused bail under this section, or if any decision is made under section 33(1) (as applied by subsection (4)) in respect of any appellant, the provisions of sections 42 and 43, as far as they are applicable and with all necessary modifications, apply as if the appellant were a defendant who had been granted or, as the case may be, refused bail.

(5A)

Section 53(6) applies for the purposes of this section.

(6)

If an appeal is filed on a question of law under subpart 8 of Part 6 of the Criminal Procedure Act 2011 and the appeal relates to a person’s conviction, this section applies to the convicted person as it does to the appellant.

54A Appeal against entry by court of non-performance of condition of bail in court record

(1)

If a court directs, under section 39, that the non-performance of a bail condition be entered into the court record, the defendant may, within 20 working days of the direction being made, appeal against the direction to the appeal court.

(2)

After considering an appeal under subsection (1), the appeal court Judge may order that—

(a)

the direction stand; or

(b)

the direction be amended; or

(c)

the direction be revoked.

(3)

There is no further right of appeal against a direction to enter the non-performance of a condition of bail in the court record than that given by this section.

(4)

No direction appealed against under this section is suspended merely because notice of that appeal has been given.

55 When person is in custody or on home detention for purposes of section 54

For the purposes of section 54,—

(a)

an appellant is not deemed to be in custody only under the conviction to which the appeal relates if a direction has been given under section 83 of the Sentencing Act 2002 that another sentence or term of imprisonment (a cumulative sentence) is to follow the sentence imposed on that conviction, and the appellant has not appealed against the conviction in respect of which that other sentence or term was imposed; and

(b)

an appellant is not deemed to be subject to a sentence of home detention only under the conviction to which the appeal relates if a direction has been given under section 80B of the Sentencing Act 2002 that another sentence of home detention is to follow the sentence imposed on that conviction, and the appellant has not appealed against the conviction in respect of which that other sentence was imposed.

90 Section 58 amended (Time on bail pending appeal not to be taken as time served)

After section 58(1), insert:

(1A)

For the purposes of section 343(b) of the Criminal Procedure Act 2011, a sentence of home detention is suspended if an appellant is released on bail and continues to be suspended while the defendant is on bail.

Consequential amendments to other Acts

90A Amendments to Sentencing Act 2002

(1)

In section 80MA, replace “54, or 55” with or 54.

(2)

In section 80ZGD(1)(b), replace “54, or 55” with or 54.

90B Amendment to Extradition Act 1999

In section 43(4), replace “44, 45, and 52 of the Bail Act 2000” with “41 to 43 and 52 of the Bail Act 2000”.

90C Amendment to International Crimes and International Criminal Court Act 2000

In section 41(5), replace “44, 45, and 52 of the Bail Act 2000” with “41 to 43 and 52 of the Bail Act 2000”.

Subpart 2—Amendments to Care of Children Act 2004

91 Principal Act

This subpart amends the Care of Children Act 2004 (the principal Act).

92 Section 46E amended (Family dispute resolution mandatory before commencement of proceedings)

Repeal section 46E(4)(d).

93 Section 47B amended (Mandatory statement and evidence in applications)

Replace section 47B(2) to (4) with:

(2)

The application must include—

(a)

a statement, made by or on behalf of the applicant for the order, that the applicant has undertaken a parenting information programme within the preceding 2 years; and

(b)

evidence in support of that statement.

(3)

However, subsection (2) does not apply to an application that—

(a)

is made in response to an application that another party to the proceedings has made for an order under section 48 or 56; or

(b)

is made without notice; or

(c)

is for a consent order; or

(d)

relates to a child who is the subject of proceedings already begun under Part 2 of the Oranga Tamariki Act 1989; or

(da)

is brought by a person, who is not the parent or guardian of the child, and is brought by that person in response to the chief executive of the Ministry for Children Oranga TamarikiMinistry for Children exercising a power or carrying out a function in relation to that child under Part 2 or 4 of the Oranga Tamariki Act 1989; or

(e)

is accompanied by an affidavit providing evidence that—

(i)

the applicant is unable to participate effectively in a parenting information programme; or

(ii)

at least 1 of the parties to the proceedings, or a child of one of the parties, has been subject to domestic violence by one of the other parties to the application.

(4)

A Registrar may refuse to accept an application if the Registrar considers that the evidence provided under subsection (2)(b) or (3)(e) is insufficient.

94 Section 49A amended (Interim parenting order where parent does not have day-to-day care for, or contact with, child)

Replace section 49A(2) with:

(2)

If the interim order was made on an application without notice, the parent who has neither the role of providing day-to-day care for nor contact with the child may give notice to the court that he or she wishes to be heard and, if he or she does so, the Registrar of the court must assign a hearing date that is—

(a)

as soon as practicable; and

(b)

not more than 42 days after the notice is received, unless there are special circumstances.

(3)

In any other case, the court must assign a hearing date that is—

(a)

as soon as practicable; and

(b)

not more than 3 months after the date on which the interim parenting order was made.

(4)

At the hearing on the date assigned under subsection (2) or (3), the court may replace the interim order with—

(a)

a further interim order; or

(b)

a final parenting order.

95 Section 133 amended (Reports from other persons)

(1)

In section 133(13), after “second opinion”, insert “subject to any terms and conditions that the court considers appropriate”.

(2)

Replace section 133(15) with:

(15)

The court may—

(a)

permit disclosure, under subsection (14), of the psychological report prepared by the report writer only if the court is satisfied that the psychologist requires the report to assist the party to prepare the party’s cross-examination; and

(b)

permit disclosure, under subsection (14), of the report writer’s notes and other materials that the report writer used in preparing the psychological report only if the court is satisfied that—

(i)

the psychologist requires those notes and other materials to assist the party to prepare the party’s cross-examination; and

(ii)

the notes and other materials to be released comprise information solely about the party who is seeking their release; and

(iii)

there are exceptional circumstances; and

(c)

if the court permits disclosure under paragraph (a) or (b), the disclosure is subject to any terms and conditions that the court considers appropriate appropriate.

Subpart 2A—Amendments to Courts (Remote Participation) Act 2010

95A Principal Act

This subpart amends the Courts (Remote Participation) Act 2010 (the principal Act).

95B Section 8 amended (Use of audio-visual links in criminal procedural matters)

(1)

In the heading to section 8, after procedural, insert or sentencing.

(2)

After section 8(1), insert:

(1A)

AVL may be used for the appearance of a participant in a criminal procedural matter—

(a)

if AVL is available; and

(b)

unless a judicial officer or a Registrar determines that the use of AVL is contrary to the interests of justice.

(3)

In section 8(3), after “subsection (1)”, insert “, (1A),”.

Subpart 3—Amendments to Criminal Disclosure Act 2008

96 Principal Act

This subpart amends the Criminal Disclosure Act 2008 (the principal Act).

97 Section 3 amended (Purpose and overview)

In section 3(2), in the diagram, replace “21 days” with “15 working days”.

98 Section 10 amended (Service)

(1)

In section 10(1)(b), delete “or facsimile”.

(2)

Replace section 10(3) with:

(3)

Unless a person proves that, otherwise than through fault on the person’s part, it was not received, if information, a notice, or an application is sent—

(a)

by post, it will be treated as having been received by the person 5 working days after the day it is posted:

(b)

electronically, to a valid address,—

(i)

on a working day on or before 5 pm, it will be treated as having been received on that working day:

(ii)

after 5 pm on a working day or at any time on a non-working day, it will be treated as having been received on the next working day.

99 Section 33 amended (Appeals)

After section 33(3), insert:

(3A)

For the purposes of subsection (3), if a defendant elected a jury trial but subsequently withdrew his or her election before trial,—

(a)

the defendant must be treated as if he or she had not elected a jury trial; but

(b)

any appeal commenced before the date on which the defendant withdrew his or her election must be determined by the appeal court that had jurisdiction to determine the appeal at the time it was commenced.

Subpart 4—Amendments to Criminal Investigations (Bodily Samples) Act 1995

100 Principal Act

This subpart amends the Criminal Investigations (Bodily Samples) Act 1995 (the principal Act).

101 Section 13 amended (Application for order authorising taking of bodily sample)

In section 13(1), after “District Court Judge”, insert “or a High Court Judge”.

101A Section 14 amended (Prohibition against publication of name of respondent)

In section 14(1)(a), after “a District Court Judge”, insert “or a High Court Judge”.

101B Section 15 amended (Information may be withheld from respondent)

In section 15(1), after “a District Court Judge”, insert “or a High Court Judge”.

102 Section 16 amended (Judge may authorise bodily sample to be taken)

In section 16(1), after “District Court Judge”, insert “or a High Court Judge”.

102A Section 61 amended (Extension of period for which sample may be retained)

(1)

In section 61(1), after “District Court Judge”, insert “or High Court Judge”.

(2)

In section 61(3), after “District Court Judge”, insert “or High Court Judge”.

102B Consequential amendment to Criminal Investigations (Bodily Samples) Regulations 2004

(1)

This section amends the Criminal Investigations (Bodily Samples) Regulations 2004.

(2)

In the Schedule, form 3, below the heading Can a court vary this order?”, replace “You may apply to the District Court to have the date or place, or date and place, specified in this order varied by a District Court Judge” with “You may apply to the District Court or the High Court to have the date or place, or date and place, specified in this order varied by a District Court Judge or a High Court Judge”.

(3)

In the Schedule, form 3, second paragraph, below the heading Can a court vary this order?, after District Court Judge, insert or High Court Judge.

Subpart 5—Amendments to Criminal Procedure (Mentally Impaired Persons) Act 2003

103 Principal Act

This subpart amends the Criminal Procedure (Mentally Impaired Persons) Act 2003 (the principal Act).

104 Section 3 amended (Purpose)

Replace section 3(b) with:

(b)

provide that a defendant found unfit to stand trial for an offence must be the subject of an inquiry to determine whether the evidence against the defendant is sufficient to establish that the defendant caused the act or omission that forms the basis of the offence:

105 New section 5A inserted (Transitional, savings, and related provisions)

After section 5, insert:

5A Transitional, savings, and related provisions

The transitional, savings, and related provisions set out in Schedule 1AA have effect according to their terms.

106 Subpart 1 heading in Part 2 replaced

In Part 2, replace the subpart 1 heading with:

Subpart 1—Findings of unfitness to stand trial and involvement in offence

107 Section 7 amended (When finding of unfitness to stand trial may be made)

Repeal section 7(2).

108 New section 8A inserted (Determining if defendant unfit to stand trial)

After section 8, insert:

8A Determining if defendant unfit to stand trial

(1)

The court must receive the evidence of 2 health assessors as to whether the defendant is mentally impaired.

(2)

If the court is satisfied on the evidence given under subsection (1) that the defendant is mentally impaired, the court must record a finding to that effect and—

(a)

give each party an opportunity to be heard and to present evidence as to whether the defendant is unfit to stand trial; and

(b)

find whether or not the defendant is unfit to stand trial; and

(c)

record the finding made under paragraph (b).

(3)

The standard of proof required for a finding under subsection (2) is the balance of probabilities.

(4)

If the court records a finding under subsection (2) that the defendant is fit to stand trial, the court must continue the proceedings.

(5)

If the court records a finding under subsection (2) that the defendant is unfit to stand trial, the court must inquire into the defendant’s involvement in the offence under section 10, 11, or 12, as the case requires.

109 Section 9 repealed (Court must be satisfied of defendant’s involvement in offence)

Repeal section 9.

110 Section 10 amended (Inquiry before trial into defendant’s involvement in the offence)

Replace section 10(1) and (2) with:

(1)

This section applies if, before trial, the defendant is found unfit to stand trial.

(2)

The court must decide whether the court is satisfied, on the balance of probabilities, that the evidence against the defendant is sufficient to establish that the defendant caused the act or omission that forms the basis of the offence with which the defendant is charged.

111 Section 11 amended (Inquiry during Judge-alone trial into defendant’s involvement)

(1)

In the heading to section 11, after involvement, insert in offence.

(2)

Replace section 11(1) and (2) with:

(1)

This section applies if, during a Judge-alone trial, the defendant is found unfit to stand trial.

(2)

The court must decide whether the court is satisfied, on the balance of probabilities, that the evidence against the defendant is sufficient to establish that the defendant caused the act or omission that forms the basis of the offence with which the defendant is charged.

112 Section 12 amended (Inquiry during jury trial into defendant’s involvement)

(1)

In the heading to section 12, after involvement, insert in offence.

(2)

Replace section 12(1) and (2) with:

(1)

This section applies if, during a jury trial, the defendant is found unfit to stand trial.

(2)

The court must decide whether the court is satisfied, on the balance of probabilities, that the evidence against the defendant is sufficient to establish that the defendant caused the act or omission that forms the basis of the offence with which the defendant is charged.

113 Section 13 amended (Outcome of consideration of defendant’s involvement)

(1)

In the heading to section 13, after involvement, insert in offence.

(2)

In section 13(1), replace “section 9” with section 10(2), 11(2), or 12(2), as the case requires”.

(3)

Replace section 13(2) with:

(2)

If the court is not satisfied of the matter specified in section 10(2), 11(2), or 12(2),—

(a)

the court must dismiss the charge against the defendant under section 147 of the Criminal Procedure Act 2011; and

(b)

the finding that the defendant is unfit to stand trial is deemed, for all legal purposes, to have been quashed; and

(c)

the court must not deal with the defendant under subpart 3.

(4)

Replace section 13(4) with:

(4)

If the court is satisfied of the matter specified in section 10(2), 11(2), or 12(2), as the case requires, the court must deal with the defendant under subpart 3.

114 Section 14 repealed (Determining if defendant unfit to stand trial)

Repeal section 14.

115 Section 15 amended (Jurisdiction may be exercised in absence of defendant)

In section 15, replace “10 to 14” with 8A and 10 to 13”.

116 Section 16 amended (Appeal by defendant against finding relating to fitness to stand trial)

(1)

In the heading to section 16, after fitness to stand trial, insert or sufficiency of evidence.

(2)

Replace section 16(1) with:

(1)

A defendant may appeal against the finding under section 8A(2)(b) that the defendant is unfit to stand trial or, as the case may be, fit to stand trial.

(1A)

A defendant may appeal against a finding under section 10(2), 11(2), or 12(2) that there is sufficient evidence to establish that the defendant caused the act or omission that forms the basis of the offence with which the defendant is charged.

117 Section 17 amended (Matters for appellate court on appeal under section 16)

(1)

In section 17(1), replace “section 16” with section 16(1A).

(2)

In section 17(3), after “appeal”, insert “under section 16(1).

118 New Schedule 1AA inserted

Insert the Schedule 1AA set out in the Schedule 3 of this Act as the first schedule to appear after the last section of the principal Act.

119 Schedule amended

In the Schedule heading, replace Schedule with Schedule 1.

Subpart 6—Amendments to Family Proceedings Act 1980

120 Principal Act

This subpart amends the Family Proceedings Act 1980 (the principal Act).

121 Section 142 amended (Discharge or variation of registered or confirmed order)

(1)

In section 142(2), replace “the New Zealand court may” with “the New Zealand court must”.

(2)

Repeal section 142(2A).

122 Section 142E amended (Provisional order discharging, etc, child maintenance order)

(1)

In section 142E(1), replace “the New Zealand court may” with “the New Zealand court must”.

(2)

Repeal section 142E(1A).

Subpart 7—Amendments to Juries Act 1981

123 Principal Act

This subpart amends the Juries Act 1981 (the principal Act).

124 Section 2 amended (Interpretation)

(1)

In section 2, insert in its appropriate alphabetical order:

co-extensive jury districts means 2 jury districts that comprise the same area and that are—

(a)

a High Court Jury District constituted under section 5(1):

(b)

a District Court Jury District constituted under section 5(2)

(2)

In section 2, insert as subsection (2):

(2)

For the purpose of issuing a summons under section 13 or for any applications made under any or all of sections 14A, 14AB, 14B, 14C, 15, 15A, and 29A, any requirement that the applications be made by writing or in the form of a document is satisfied by an electronic communication that, subject to any rules made under section 35, is in a form acceptable to the Registrar.

125 Section 5 amended (Jury districts)

(1)

In section 5(5), replace “he” with “he or she”.

(2)

After section 5(5), insert:

(6)

If jury districts for the relevant High Court and District Court Registries are co-extensive jury districts, the same jury list can be used—

(a)

to compile jury lists for trials in both the High Court and the District Court held within the jury district; and

(b)

to create a jury panel and to summon and empanel jurors; and

(c)

for any related purpose.

126 Section 14AC amended (Counsel to inspect protected particulars, and exercise rights of challenge, for litigant in person)

In section 14AC(5), after “written general directions”, insert “(including in electronic form)”.

127 Section 14B amended (Deferral of jury service)

(1)

In section 14B(2)(a), replace “section 14C(1)(d)” with “section 14C(1)(c)”.

(2)

After section 14B(3)(a), insert:

(aa)

that the person has difficulties in understanding or communicating in the English language, so that they are not capable of acting effectively as a juror:

128 Section 14C amended (Further provisions relating to deferral of jury service)

In section 14C(3), replace “subsection (1)(d)” with “subsection (1)(c)”.

129 Section 16AA amended (Judge may discharge summons of person with disability or language difficulty)

(1)

In the heading to section 16AA, replace discharge with cancel.

(2)

In section 16AA(1), replace “discharge” with “cancel”.

(3)

In section 16AA(2), replace “discharge” with “cancellation”.

Subpart 8—Amendments to Land Transport Act 1998

130 Principal Act

This subpart amends the Land Transport Act 1998 (the principal Act).

131 Section 31 amended (Contravention of sections 5(1)(a), 5(1)(b), 5(4), 30(2), 30(3), or 30(4A))

(1)

In the heading to section 31, replace sections 5(1)(a), 5(1)(b), 5(4), 30(2), 30(3), or 30(4A) with section 5(1)(a) or (b) or (4) or 30(2), (3), (3A), (4A), or (4B).

(2)

Replace section 31(1)(d) with:

(d)

fails to surrender or return his or her driver licence to—

(i)

the Agency, a person appointed by the Agency, a court, a constable, or an enforcement officer when required to do so by section 30(2), (3), (3A), or (4A):

(ii)

an employee or agent of the Ministry of Justice, or an enforcement officer, when required to do so by section 30(4B)(b).

132 Section 91B amended (Ways in which warning notice or driver licence stop order must be served)

(1)

In the heading to section 91B, after stop order, insert or details of related fines.

(2)

In section 91B(1), after “driver licence stop order”, insert “, or notice of details of the fines to which that order relates,”.

(3)

In section 91B(2), after “driver licence stop order”, insert “, or notice of details of the fines to which that order relates,”.

(4)

In section 91B(3), after “driver licence stop order”, insert “, or notice of details of the fines to which that order relates,”.

(5)

After section 91B(3), insert:

(4)

If a warning notice or driver licence stop order, or notice of details of the fines to which that order relates, is served in electronic form under subsection (1)(e), then, unless the contrary is shown,—

(a)

the notice or order, or notice of details, is served at the time the electronic communication containing the notice or order, or notice of details, first enters an information system outside the control of its originator; and

(b)

in proving service, it is sufficient to prove that the electronic communication was properly addressed and sent.

(5)

In this section, information system means a system for producing, sending, receiving, storing, displaying, or otherwise processing electronic communications.

133 Section 91E amended (Imposition of driver licence stop order)

(1)

After section 91E(2), insert:

(2A)

An enforcement officer may also impose an order and issue it for service in the circumstances described in subsection (1) (whether or not the person has received the order from the chief executive of the Ministry of Justice).

(2)

In section 91E(3), after “subsection (1)”, insert “or (2A).

(3)

Replace section 91E(3)(b) with:

(b)

that the notice of details of the traffic fine in respect of which the order is imposed and the amount owing on that fine will be served on the defendant either at the same time as the order is served or as soon as practicable after the order is served; and

(4)

Replace section 91E(3)(e) with:

(e)

that if the order is served personally by an employee or agent of the Ministry of Justice or by an enforcement officer (including at the roadside), the defendant must surrender any driver licence held by the defendant to that employee, agent, or enforcement officer; and

Subpart 9—Amendments to Protection of Personal and Property Rights Act 1988

134 Principal Act

This subpart amends the Protection of Personal and Property Rights Act 1988 (the principal Act).

135 Transitional, savings, and related provisions New section 4A inserted (Transitional, savings, and related provisions)

After section 4, insert:

4A Transitional, savings, and related provisions

The transitional, savings, and related provisions set out in Schedule 1AA have effect according to their terms.

136 Section 12 amended (Court may appoint welfare guardian)

Replace section 12(6) with:

(6)

The court must not appoint more than 1 welfare guardian for any person unless the court is satisfied that it would be in the best interests of the person to do so.

(6A)

If the court appoints more than 1 welfare guardian for the same person, those welfare guardians must regularly consult each other.

137 Section 45 amended (Statements required)

In section 45(2), after “2 copies”, insert “(or together with only 1 copy if, under section 46(1), it is not necessary to send a copy to the person for whom the manager is acting because the court has previously dispensed with service under section 63(2))”.

138 Section 46 amended (Statement to be examined by or on behalf of Public Trust)

In section 46(1), replace “and send the other copy to the person for whom the manager is acting” with “and (except where the court has previously dispensed with service under section 63(2)) send 1 copy to the person for whom the manager is acting”.

139 Section 48 amended (Enforcement of manager’s duty to prepare and file statements)

In section 48(1), replace “who may make an order” with “who must, unless the Judge considers it inappropriate to do so, make an order”.

140 Section 74 amended (Attendance of person in respect of whom application is made)

Replace section 74(2) with:

(2)

The court may excuse the person if it is satisfied that—

(a)

the person wholly lacks the capacity to understand the nature and purpose of the proceedings; or

(b)

attendance or continued attendance is likely to cause the person serious mental, emotional, or physical harm.

141 Section 86 amended (Review of personal orders)

(1AA)

After section 86(5), insert:

(5A)

The power to vary an order under subsection (5)(a) or to make an order under subsection (5)(d) includes the power to substitute a new welfare guardian in place of the welfare guardian named in the original or any subsequent order.

(1)

In section 86(7)(a) and (b), replace “not later than 3 years” with “5 years, or if the court considers it appropriate, a lesser period”.

(2)

Repeal section 86(8).

142 Section 87 amended (Review of property orders)

(1)

In section 87(8), replace “not later than 3 years” with “5 years or, if the court considers it appropriate, a lesser period”.

(2)

Repeal section 87(9).

(3)

In section 87(10), delete “or subsection (9)”.

143 New Schedule 1AA inserted

Insert the Schedule 1AA set out in Schedule 4 of this Act as the first schedule to appear after the last section of the principal Act.

Subpart 9AAmendment to Senior Courts Act 2016

143A Principal Act

This subpart amends the Senior Courts Act 2016 (the principal Act).

143B Section 49 amended (Powers exercisable by Judges)

Replace section 49(3) with:

(3)

Any other application to or matter in the Court of Appeal (other than an appeal) may be heard and determined by a single Judge of the Court of Appeal.

Subpart 10—Amendments to Sentencing Act 2002

144 Principal Act

This subpart amends the Sentencing Act 2002 (the principal Act).

145 Section 137 amended (Sale of confiscated motor vehicles)

In section 137(3)(c), after “entitled under that agreement”, insert “(and which has not already been recovered)”.

146 Section 141B amended (Application of proceeds of sale by secured party)

(1)

In section 141B(1)(b)(ii), after “sale”, insert “; and”.

(2)

After section 141B(1)(b)(ii), insert:

(iii)

the amount to which the secured party would, but for the extinguishment of the security interest concerned, have been entitled under the relevant security agreement (and that has not already been recovered).

Subpart 11—Amendment to Victims’ Orders Against Violent Offenders Act 2014

147 Principal Act

This subpart amends the Victims’ Orders Against Violent Offenders Act 2014 (the principal Act).

148 New sections 24A to 24C and cross-heading inserted

After section 24, insert:

Power to clear court and restrict publication of proceedings

24A Power to clear court and restrict publication of proceedings

(1)

If, in any proceedings under this Act, the court is of the opinion that it is desirable to do so, after having regard to the interests of any person (including, without limitation, the privacy of the applicant) and to the public interest, the court may make 1 or more of the following orders:

(a)

an order forbidding publication of any report or account of the whole or any part of—

(i)

the evidence adduced:

(ii)

the submissions made:

(b)

an order forbidding the publication of—

(i)

the name of any person, or any name or particulars likely to lead to the identification of that person:

(ii)

the affairs of any person:

(c)

an order excluding all or any persons other than the parties to the proceedings, any lawyer engaged in the proceedings, and any officer of the court from the whole or any part of the proceedings.

(2)

The court may make an order under this section on its own motion or on the application of any party to the proceedings.

(3)

Every application to the court for an order under this section may be heard in open court or in chambers.

(4)

An order made under subsection (1)(a) or (b)

(a)

may be made for a limited period or permanently; and

(b)

if it is made for a limited period, may be renewed for a further period or periods by the court under section 24B; and

(c)

if it is made permanently, may be reviewed by the court at any time under section 24B.

(5)

Nothing in this section limits or restricts any other power of the court—

(a)

to prohibit or restrict the publication of reports or particulars relating to proceedings; or

(b)

to hear proceedings in private or to exclude any person from the court.

Compare: 1997 No 92 s 39

24B Application for renewal or review of order made under section 24A

(1)

If the court makes an order under section 24A(1)(a) or (b), any person may at any time apply to the court—

(a)

for a renewal of the order, if the order was made for a limited time:

(b)

for a review of the order, if the order was made permanently.

(2)

An application may be made under subsection (1) by any person who was a party to the proceedings in which the order was made or by any other person.

(3)

After considering an application under this section, the court may renew, revoke, vary, or continue the order as it thinks fit.

Compare: 1997 No 92 s 40

24C Contravention of orders made under section 24A

(1)

A person commits an offence if the person breaches any order made under section 24A(1)(a) or (b) or evades or attempts to evade any such order.

(2)

A person who commits an offence against subsection (1) is liable on conviction,—

(a)

in the case of an individual, to a fine not exceeding $1,000:

(b)

in the case of a body corporate, to a fine not exceeding $5,000.

(3)

The breach of any order made under section 24A(1)(c), or any evasion or attempted evasion of it, may be dealt with as contempt of court.

Compare: 1997 No 92 s 41

149 Amendments to Victims’ Orders Against Violent Offenders Rules 2014

Revoke rule 44 of the Victims’ Orders Against Violent Offenders Rules 2014.

Schedule 1 New Schedule 1 of Summary Proceedings Act 1957 inserted

s 83

Schedule 1 Transitional, savings, and related provisions

s 2A

Part 1 Provision relating to Part 3 of Courts Matters Act 2017

The provisions of Part 3 of the principal Act (as amended by Part 3 of the Courts Matters Act 2017) apply in respect of—

(a)

any fine or amount owing, whether imposed or arising before, on, or after the commencement of this schedule:

(b)

any arrangement to extend the time to pay a fine, whether entered before, on, or after the commencement of this schedule:

(c)

any attachment order imposed, whether before, on, or after the commencement of this schedule:

(d)

any deduction order issued, whether before, on, or after the commencement of this schedule:

(e)

any payment made by a bank or any other financial institution under an attachment order or deduction order, , a deduction order, or any voluntary payment arrangement entered into under section 86 or 86C, whether the payment is made before, on, or after the commencement of this schedule.

Schedule 2 Amendments to other enactments consequential on changes to Summary Proceedings Act 1957

s 84

Summary Proceedings Regulations 1958 (SR 1958/38)

In regulation 15K(1), replace “or a deduction notice is issued under any of sections 83(1B), 83(2), 87(2), or 88AE(1)” with “a statutory land charge is registered, or a deduction notice is issued under any of sections 83(1B) and (2), 87(2) and (2A), and 88AE(1) of the Act, or a sale order is made under section 88AE(1)(ab).

In regulation 15K(2), replace “or Registrar” with “, Registrar, or the chief executive”.

Schedule 2A New Schedule 1AA of Criminal Procedure Act 2011 inserted

s 42A

Schedule 1AA Transitional, savings, and related provisions

s 5A

Part 1 Provision relating to Courts Matters Act 2017

1 Declaration made under old law continues to be admissible

A declaration containing the statement required by section 82(1)(b) of the principal Act (as it read before the amendments made by section 29 of the Courts Matters Act 2017) continues to be admissible in proceedings on and after the commencement of section 29 of the Courts Matters Act 2017.

Schedule 3 New Schedule 1AA of Criminal Procedure (Mentally Impaired Persons) Act 2003 inserted

s 118

Schedule 1AA Transitional, savings, and related provisions

s 5A

Part 1 Provision relating to subpart 5 of Part 4 of Courts Matters Act 2017

1 Proceedings part heard at commencement

(1)

If, at the commencement of this schedule, criminal proceedings have been commenced against a defendant but the court has not held any hearing to determine, in accordance with section 9 of the principal Act (as it read before the commencement of this schedule), the nature of the defendant’s involvement with the offence, the court may direct that criminal proceedings against the defendant be continued under the provisions of this Act (as amended by subpart 5 of Part 4 of the Courts Matters Act 2017 (the 2017 Act)).

(2)

The court may give a direction under subclause (1) only if it is satisfied that it is in the interests of justice to do so.

(3)

If, however, before the commencement of this schedule, the court has begun proceedings to determine under section 9 of the principal Act (as it was before the commencement of this schedule) whether the defendant caused the act or omission that forms the basis of the offence with which the defendant is charged, or the court has made a determination under that section that proceedings against the defendant must be continued as if the 2017 Act had not been passed.

Schedule 4 Schedule 1AA of Protection of Personal and Property Rights Act 1988 inserted

s 143

Schedule 1AA Transitional, savings, and related provisions

s 4A

Part 1 Provision relating to subpart 9 of Part 4 of Courts Matters Act 2017

1 Appointment of welfare guardian or guardians

Section 12(6) (as substituted by section 136) of subpart 9 of Part 4 of the Courts Matters Act 2017 (the 2017 Act), applies in relation to—

(a)

all appointments of 1 or more welfare guardians or the renewal of any such appointments, that occurs on or after the commencement of section 12(6); and

(b)

any application for the appointment of 1 or more welfare guardians that has been filed but not determined before the commencement of section 12(6).

2 Statements by managers

Sections 45(2) and 46(1) (as amended by sections 137 and 138 of the 2017 Act) apply in relation to—

(a)

any orders made on or after the commencement of sections 137 and 138 of the 2017 Act; and

(b)

any application made for an order that has been filed but not determined, before the commencement of sections 137 and 138 of that Act.

3 Manager’s duty to prepare and file statements

Section 48(1) (as amended by section 139 of the 2017 Act) applies, on and after the commencement of section 139 of the 2017 Act, in respect of the enforcement of a manager’s duty to prepare and file statements and any related order or application for an order in existence on the commencement of section 139 of that Act.

4 Personal order and property order

(1)

Sections 86 and 87 (as amended by sections 141 and 142 of the 2017 Act) apply, on and after the commencement of sections 141 and 142 of that Act, in relation to—

(a)

personal orders and property orders in force on the commencement of sections 141 and 142 and personal orders and property orders made after that commencement:

(b)

applications for a personal order or a property order which have been made but not determined on that commencement date.

(2)

However, if on the commencement of sections 141 and 142 of the 2017 Act, a personal order or a property order has been in force for 3 or more years but less than 5 years, the review required by section 86 or 87 must take place in accordance with the directions of the Judge who set the review period.

Legislative history

1 August 2017

Introduction (Bill 285–1)

15 August 2017

First reading and referral to Justice and Electoral Committee

8 November 2017

Reinstated before Justice Committee

25 May 2018

Reported from Justice Committee (Bill 285–2)

24 July 2018

Second reading

30 October 2018

Committee of the whole House (Bill 285–3)