The purpose of consultation under these provisions will be to promote wide community support for the application.
The Marine Reserves Bill currently before the House also contains a provision requiring consultation during the preparation of a proposal. However, that bill was referred to a select committee 15 October 2002 and has not been reported back. This bill amends the 1971 Act in lieu of the new principal Act passing into law. The Marine Reserves Bill as introduced does not specifically require early consultation with groups that represent existing users of the area proposed for a marine reserve.
Clause by clause analysis
Clause 1 is the title clause.
Clause 2 provides for the bill to come into force on the day after the date on which it receives the Royal assent.
Clause 4 sets out the purpose of the bill, which is to ensure early consultation in the preparation of any application for the declaration of a marine reserve, for the purposes of promoting wide community support for such an application.
Clause 5 contains amendments to section 5 of the principal Act. Subclause (1) inserts new subsection (1)(ab), which will prevent any Order in Council being made for the declaration of a marine reserve unless the applicant, in preparing the application, has consulted persons and community groups under new subsections (1A) and (1B). New paragraph (ab) will also require the applicant to keep a record of that consultation.
Subclause (2) inserts a new subparagraph (ia) in section 5(1)(d). Currently, paragraph (d) requires that, once an application for the declaration of a marine reserve has been made, written notice of the proposed marine reserve must be given to certain persons, including persons owning any estate or interest in land in or adjoining the proposed reserve. New subparagraph (ia) will require that written notice also be given to all persons who may be adversely affected by the declaration of the proposed marine reserve, or by the subsequent control or management of the proposed marine reserve.
Subclause (3) inserts new subsections (1A) and (1B) in section 5. New subsection (1A) will require the applicant, in preparing an application, generally to consult community groups and persons for the purposes of promoting wide community support for the application. In particular, the applicant will be required to consult any person or group likely to have a significant interest in the proposal. This will include, but not be limited to, groups representing the interests of persons who use the area of the proposed marine reserve for the purposes of recreational fishing, sailing or other recreational uses, commercial fishing, and tourism operations. The applicant must also consult any person or group who is closely associated with the area of the proposed marine reserve, including iwi or hapu who are tangata whenua of the marine area concerned.
New subsection (1B) will require the applicant, in consulting persons under subsection (1A), to explore ways in which the application may avoid or mitigate adverse effects on existing uses of the area of the proposed marine reserve.