Abrasive Blasting Regulations 1958

  • revoked
  • Abrasive Blasting Regulations 1958: revoked, on 6 November 2008, by clause 3 of the Regulations Revocation Order 2008 (SR 2008/367).

Reprint
as at 6 November 2008

Abrasive Blasting Regulations 1958

(SR 1958/121)

  • Abrasive Blasting Regulations 1958: revoked, on 6 November 2008, by clause 3 of the Regulations Revocation Order 2008 (SR 2008/367).


Note

Changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in this eprint.

A general outline of these changes is set out in the notes at the end of this eprint, together with other explanatory material about this eprint.

These regulations are administered in the Department of Labour.


PURSUANT to the Factories Act 1946, His Excellency the Governor-General acting by and with the advice and consent of the Executive Council, hereby makes the following regulations.

Preliminary

1
  • (1) These regulations may be cited as the Abrasive Blasting Regulations 1958.

    (2) These regulations shall come into force on the thirtieth day after the date of their notification in the Gazette.

2
  • In these regulations, unless the context otherwise requires,—

    Blasting means the cleaning, smoothing, roughening, cutting, or removing of part of the surface of any article by the use as an abrasive of a jet of sand, metal shot, or grit or other material, propelled by a blast of compressed air or steam or by a wheel

    Blasting enclosure means a chamber, barrel, cabinet, or other similar enclosure designed for the performance of blasting therein

    Blasting chamber means a blasting enclosure into which persons enter.

Application of regulations

3
  • Nothing in these regulations shall apply to blasting carried on otherwise than in a factory.

Restrictions on use of substances in blasting

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  • (1) On and after the expiry of one year from the date of the notification of these regulations in the Gazette, no sand or other substance containing free silica shall be introduced as an abrasive into any blasting apparatus:

    Provided that where the Medical Officer of Health is satisfied that the use of sand, or other substance containing free silica, as an abrasive in blasting is necessary for a particular manufacture or process in a factory he may exempt that factory from the provisions of this subclause.

    (2) Any exemption granted under subclause (1) of this regulation may be granted absolutely or subject to such conditions as may be specified in the certificate and any such exemption may at any time be revoked or any such conditions varied by the Medical Officer of Health.

    (3) Where the Medical Officer of Health refuses to grant any exemption under this regulation or imposes any condition thereunder which the occupier considers unreasonable, the occupier of the factory concerned may appeal to a Magistrate and the provisions of section 83 of the Factories Act 1946, as far as they are applicable and with the necessary modification, shall apply as if the appeal were made under that section.

    (4) The occupier of any factory who fails to comply with any conditions imposed pursuant to this regulation commits an offence against these regulations.

Blasting enclosures

5
  • (1) No blasting shall be done except in a blasting enclosure:

    Provided that this subclause shall not apply, where, owing to the size, shape, or position of any article in respect of which blasting is being carried out it is not practicable to do blasting in respect of that article in a blasting enclosure.

    (2) No work shall be performed in a blasting enclosure, except blasting and work immediately incidental thereto and the cleaning and repairing of the enclosure and of plant and appliances situated therein.

6
  • (1) All practicable measures shall be taken to prevent dust escaping from blasting enclosures, and from any apparatus connected therewith, into the air of any room or workplace.

    (2) Every door of a blasting enclosure shall be kept closed while blasting is being done therein.

    (3) Blasting enclosures and all equipment associated therewith shall be of sound construction and properly maintained.

    (4) Means, to the satisfaction of the Inspector, shall be provided in the door or walls of every blasting chamber of such size and maintained in such condition as to give a full view of the operator by any person outside the chamber.

    (5) There shall be provided and maintained in connection with every blasting enclosure efficient apparatus for separating, as far as practicable, abrasive which has been used in blasting apparatus and which is to be used again as an abrasive from dust or particles of other material arising from blasting, and no such abrasive shall again be introduced into blasting apparatus until it has been so separated.

    (6) There shall be provided and maintained in connection with every blasting enclosure efficient ventilating plant to extract, by exhaust draught effected by mechanical means, dust produced in the enclosure and to remove and dispose of any such dust so that it shall not escape into the air of any room or workplace or constitute a nuisance in the vicinity of the blasting enclosure.

    (7) Every bag used for filtering the dust and every other filtering or settling device situated in a room in which persons are employed, other than persons attending to the bag or other filtering or settling device, shall be completely separated from the general air of that room in an enclosure ventilated to the open air.

    (8) Means of access to and egress from every blasting chamber shall be provided to the satisfaction of the Inspector.

    (9) A stop valve shall be installed to the satisfaction of the Inspector at a conveniently accessible point on the compressed air supply line outside the blasting chamber.

    (10) The ventilating plant shall be left in continuous operation during all blasting operations, and for at least five minutes after blasting operations have ceased, and in the case of a blasting chamber shall be in operation when any person is inside the chamber for the purpose of cleaning or repair work:

    Provided that where it is necessary to enter a blasting chamber to repair the ventilating system and it is not practicable to keep the ventilating system in continuous operation, no person shall enter the blasting chamber until one hour has passed since the last blasting operation was performed.

    (11) The occupier shall ensure that every blasting enclosure shall be specially inspected by a person competent for the purpose in every week in which it is used for blasting. Every blasting enclosure, the apparatus connected therewith, and the ventilating plant provided in connection with the enclosure shall be thoroughly examined and, in the case of ventilating plant, tested, by a person competent for the purpose at least once in every month.

    (12) Any defect found on any such inspection, examination, or test shall be immediately reported by the person carrying out the inspection, examination, or test to the occupier, and, without prejudice to the fore going requirements of these regulations, shall be remedied without avoidable delay.

Protective clothing

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  • (1) There shall be provided and maintained for the use of all persons who are employed in a blasting chamber, whether in blasting or in any work connected therewith or in cleaning inside any such chamber, approved protective helmets; and every such person shall wear the helmet provided for his use whilst he is in the chamber and shall not remove it until he is outside the chamber.

    (2) Each protective helmet shall carry a distinguishing mark indicating the person by whom it is intended to be used, and no person shall wear or be allowed or required to wear a helmet not carrying his mark or a helmet which has been worn by another person and has not since been disinfected by an approved method.

    (3) Each protective helmet when in use shall be supplied with sufficient air free from impurities.

    (4) Helmets that are not in use shall not be left or stored inside a blasting chamber.

    (5) Where blasting is performed in the open air and has a surrounding isolation of at least 15 metres there shall be provided and maintained for persons employed in blasting work, and every other person employed within 15 metres of any such blasting work proved respirators and protective clothing.

    (6) Where blasting work is performed in an enclosed space such as a tank, a boiler, a pipe, or in any place in the open air that has not a complete surrounding isolation of at least 15 metres, there shall be provided and maintained for all persons employed within such enclosed space the protective helmet required by subclause (1) hereof.

    (7) Suitable gauntlets and overalls shall be provided for the use of all persons while performing blasting or assisting at blasting, and every person shall while so engaged wear the gauntlets and overalls provided.

    (8) All helmets, gauntlets, overalls, and other protective devices or clothing provided and worn in accordance with these regulations shall be kept in good condition and freed so far as reasonably practicable from dust on every day on which they are used. Where dust arising from the cleaning of any such protective clothing or devices is likely to be inhaled, all practicable measures shall be taken to prevent any such inhalation. Vacuum cleaners shall, wherever practicable, be used for removing dust from such clothing and compressed air shall not be used for removing dust from any clothing.

    (9) For the purpose of this regulation approved means approved by the officer of the Health Department holding office as Director of Public Hygiene.

    Regulation 7 was amended, as from 4 April 1975, by regulation 2 Abrasive Blasting Regulations 1958, Amendment No 2 (SR 1975/63) by substituting the expression 15 metres for the expression 50 ft wherever it occurs.

Amenities

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  • (1) The washing facilities required to be provided by the building code set out in Schedule 1 to the Building Regulations 1992 shall include the provision of a constant supply of hot water and, for persons engaged in a blasting chamber, the provision of a shower bath serviced with hot and cold water

    (2) Nothing in this regulation shall be construed as requiring the washing facilities provided for persons engaged in blasting to be separate from those provided for other persons.

    (3) At least one dressing room shall be provided and maintained conveniently accessible to, but separate from, any room in which blasting operations or work incidental thereto is carried on.

    (4) Two separate full length lockers having doors and being ventilated top and bottom shall be provided in the dressing room for the clothing of each person engaged in blasting operations, one locker being exclusively for his contaminated working clothes (including the protective clothing provided in accordance with these regulations) and the other for his other clothing and personal effects:

    Provided that if a second dressing room is provided solely for depositing contaminated working clothes only one locker need be provided in the first dressing room for each person.

    Subclause (1) was amended, as from 19 January 1994, by regulation 2 Abrasive Blasting Regulations 1958, Amendment No 4 (SR 1993/405) by substituting the words the building code set out in Schedule 1 to the Building Regulations 1992 for the words section 62 of the Factories Act 1946.

Cleaning

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  • (1) Where any person is engaged upon the cleaning of any blasting apparatus or blasting enclosure or of any apparatus or ventilating plant connected therewith or the surrounding thereof or upon other work in connection with any blasting apparatus or blasting enclosure or with any apparatus or ventilating plant connected therewith so that he is rendered liable to inhale dust which has arisen from blasting, all practicable measures shall be taken to prevent any such inhalation.

    (2) In connection with the cleaning operations referred to in subclause (1) of this regulation and with the removal of dust from filtering or settling devices all practicable measures shall be taken to dispose of the dust in such a manner as to prevent it entering the air of any room. Vacuum cleaners shall be used wherever practicable for any such cleaning operations.

    (3) Vacuum cleaning plant used for the purposes of these regulations shall be properly maintained.

Restrictions on employment

10
  • (1) No person under eighteen years of age shall be employed in blasting or assisting at blasting or in any blasting chamber or in the cleaning of any blasting apparatus or any blasting enclosure or apparatus or ventilating plant connected therewith.

    (2) [Revoked]

    Subclause (2) was revoked, as from 9 March 1973, by regulation 2 Abrasive Blasting Regulations 1958, Amendment No 1 (SR 1973/44).

Reporting of defects

11
  • If any person engaged in blasting, cleaning, or other work connected with the observance of these regulations finds any defect in any enclosure, apparatus, plant, clothing, or accommodation provided for the purposes of these regulations, he shall without delay report the defect to the occupier.

Penalties

12
  • Every person commits an offence against these regulations, and shall be liable on summary conviction to the penalties provided in that behalf in section 62(1)(b) of the Factories and Commercial Premises Act 1981, who acts in contravention of, or fails or refuses duly and faithfully to observe or comply with, any requirement, obligation, rule, or provision, imposed or enacted, or required to be observed, under these regulations.

    Regulation 12 was substituted, as from 1 February 1982, by regulation 2 Abrasive Blasting Regulations 1958, Amendment No 3 (SR 1981/363).

T J SHERRARD,

Clerk of the Executive Council.


Explanatory Note

This note is not part of the regulations, but is intended to indicate their general effect.

These regulations, which are based on similar rules in force in the United Kingdom, make provision relating to the safety, health, and welfare of persons engaged in abrasive blasting operations in factories.

The regulations prohibit the use of sand or other substance containing free silica as an abrasive in blasting operations but an exemption from the prohibition may be granted by the Medical Officer of Health. A right of appeal to a Magistrate is given in cases where any such exemption is refused.

The regulations also provide for the provision, construction, and maintenance of blasting enclosures, the wearing of protective clothing, the provision of amenities when blasting is carried out, and the restriction of employment of youths and females in blasting operations.


Issued under the authority of the Regulations Act 1936

Date of notification in Gazette: 4 September 1958.


Contents

  • 1General

  • 2About this eprint

  • 3List of amendments incorporated in this eprint (most recent first)


Notes
1 General
  • This is an eprint of the Abrasive Blasting Regulations 1958. It incorporates all the amendments to the regulations as at 6 November 2008. The list of amendments at the end of these notes specifies all the amendments incorporated into this eprint since 3 September 2007. Relevant provisions of any amending enactments that contain transitional, savings, or application provisions are also included, after the Principal enactment, in chronological order.

2 About this eprint
  • This eprint has not been officialised. For more information about officialisation, please see Making online legislation official under Status of legislation on this site in the About section of this website.

3 List of amendments incorporated in this eprint (most recent first)
  • Regulations Revocation Order 2008 (SR 2008/367): clause 3