Royal Warrant and Regulations as to the Polar Medal

Reprint
as at 5 February 1970

Coat of Arms of New Zealand

Royal Warrant and Regulations as to the Polar Medal

(SR 1970/84)

Elizabeth R

Royal Warrant


Note

Changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in this reprint.

A general outline of these changes is set out in the notes at the end of this reprint, together with other explanatory material about this reprint.


Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories, Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith, to all to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting!

Whereas a Medal for Arctic Discoveries was instituted by our Royal predecessor, Her Majesty Queen Victoria, in 1857 and granted for service in specified expeditions in the period 1818 to 1855; and whereas Her Majesty subsequently instituted in 1876 a further Medal for arctic exploration in the years 1875 and 1876; and whereas Polar Medals in silver and bronze were instituted by Our Royal Great-Grandfather, His Majesty King Edward VII, in 1904.

And whereas conditions for the award of the Polar Medal in silver only, were established by a Warrant under Our Sign Manual dated 22 January 1954 (SR 1954/97).

And whereas We deem it expedient that Our said Warrant shall be amended;

Now therefore We do hereby declare that the rules and ordinances contained in Our said Warrant dated 22 January 1954 shall be abrogated cancelled and annulled and We are pleased to make, ordain and establish the following rules and ordinances in substitution for the same which shall henceforth be inviolably observed and kept:

Firstly: Style—It is ordained that the Medal shall be styled and designated The Polar Medal.

Secondly: Description—The Medal shall be in silver and octagonal in shape, bearing on the obverse the Effigy of the Sovereign and on the reverse a representation of the ship Discovery in winter quarters with, in the foreground, a sledging party on skis.

Thirdly: Riband—The Medal shall be worn on the left breast suspended from a white riband 1 inch and a quarter in width.

Fourthly: Eligibility—The Medal shall be conferred on those who have personally made notable contribution to the exploration and, or, knowledge of the Polar Regions and who, in so doing, have undergone the hazards and rigours imposed by the Polar environment to life and movement, whether by land, sea or air. Only those who have participated in an expedition which has been either the responsibility of 1 or more Governments of Member countries of the Commonwealth, or have been recognised by 1 or more of such Governments shall be eligible. The award may be conferred in recognition of individual service of outstanding quality in the fields of exploration, scientific research or general service on Polar expeditions. Due account will be taken of the difficulties overcome in performing this service. The award may exceptionally be conferred on all members of a team when all have contributed to the achievement which it is desired to commend. The term exploration shall ordinarily be understood as including travel, but an outstanding acquisition of knowledge by means which do not depend upon travelling will merit consideration. Exceptionally, an award may be made for a Polar achievement which did not include exploration or result in the advancement of knowledge; eligibility then being restricted to those who took an active part in the achievement and who also fulfilled the other qualifying conditions set out in this Our Warrant.

Fifthly: Service required—The period of service living working in arduous conditions of a Polar climate requisite to qualify anyone to be considered for the Medal shall normally total not less than 12 months, exception being made to this rule in special circumstances.

Sixthly: Clasps—Every Polar Medal to be awarded shall be accompanied by a Clasp to be worn on the riband of the Medal and bearing the date appropriate to the achievement for which the Medal is awarded. When further service has been rendered by a holder of the Polar Medal, which under the terms of this Our Warrant would otherwise merit recognition by the award of the Medal, a second Clasp shall be awarded, and a further Clasp shall be granted in respect of each such additional service.

Seventhly: Posthumous awards—Awards of the Medal with Clasp or, as appropriate, of the Clasp alone, may be made posthumously.

Eighthly: Withholding of award—The Medal or Clasp shall not be awarded when service which would otherwise be qualifying service has been marred by misconduct or neglect of duty.

Ninthly: Recommendations—Awards shall be made only on a recommendation to Us by Our Secretary of State for Defence or the appropriate Minister of State of a Commonwealth Country.

Tenthly: Foreign nationals—The Award of the Medal with Clasp or, as appropriate, of the Clasp alone, may be made irrespective of nationality to a member of a Commonwealth expedition, or to a member of the Commonwealth part of a larger expedition organised jointly by 2 or more nations, provided that the other qualifying conditions set out in this Our Warrant are fulfilled. A recommendation of a foreign person under this provision shall be made to Us, by Our Secretary of State for Defence, or in the case of any oversea Member country of the Commonwealth the Government whereof shall desire to recommend a foreign person on a recommendation by the appropriate Minister of State for the said country.

Eleventhly: Registration—The names of those upon whom We may be pleased to confer the Medal and Clasp, or the Clasp, on the recommendation of Our Secretary of State for Defence, not being foreign subjects, shall be published in the London Gazette and a register thereof kept in Our Ministry of Defence. The publication and registration of awards to citizens of other Member countries of the Commonwealth shall be carried out by the Government concerned but the Ministry of Defence shall be informed.

Twelfthly: Names of recipients—The name of a recipient shall be engraved or stamped on the rim of the Medal.

Thirteenthly: Order of wear—In the official list showing the order in which Orders, Decorations and Medals shall be worn, the Polar Medal shall be placed after War Medals and before the Royal Victorian Medal.

Fourteenthly: Miniatures—Reproductions of the Medal and Clasp in miniature, which may be worn on certain occasions by those upon whom the Medal and Clasp have been conferred, shall be half the size of the Polar Medal and Clasp respectively, and a sealed pattern of the said miniature Medal and Clasp shall be deposited and kept in the Central Chancery of Our Orders of Knighthood.

Fifteenthly: Date of application—The terms of this Our Warrant shall apply to all recommendations made after the date of approval of this Warrant.

Sixteenthly: Forfeiture and restoration—It is ordained that it shall be competent for Us, Our Heirs and Successors, by an Order under Our Sign Manual and on a recommendation to that effect by Our Secretary of State for Defence, or in the case of any overseas Member country of Our Commonwealth, the Government whereof shall desire to submit such a recommendation, by the appropriate Minister of State for the said country, to cancel and annul the award to any person of the Medal and Clasp or Clasps, and that thereupon the name of such person in the Register shall be erased: provided that it shall be competent for Us, Our Heirs and Successors to restore the Medal so forfeited when such recommendation has been withdrawn.

Seventeenthly: Regulations—It is ordained that the Medal and Clasp or Clasps shall be conferred under such regulations as to grant, forfeiture, restoration, and other matters, in amplification of this Our Warrant as may, with Our approval signified through Our Secretary of State for Defence be issued from time to time by Our Defence Council, or as may with Our approval be issued by the appropriate Minister of State in any oversea Member country of the Commonwealth Our Government whereof shall so desire.

Lastly—We reserve to Ourself, Our Heirs and Successors, full power of annulling, abrogating, augmenting interpreting or dispensing with these rules and ordinances, or any part thereof, by a notification under Our Sign Manual.

Given at Our Court at St James's this fifth day of February one thousand nine hundred and seventy in the eighteenth year of Our Reign.

By Her Majesty's Command,
Denis Healey.

The Polar Medal Regulations

Made under the terms of the Royal Warrant by the Secretary of State for Defence with the concurrence of the Governments of other Member countries of the Commonwealth, which desire to be in a position to make recommendations, and approved by The Queen.

  • (i) Eligibility

    • (a) On land: The individual who explores or acquires notable knowledge is eligible, provided that in doing so he has undergone the hazards of the Polar environment. The award may only be made to all members of a party if the achievement of that party has been exceptional and it follows that when a well established site is manned for routine observations the award may only be conferred on those whose contribution is outstanding.

    • (b) At sea and in the air: The same principles will apply to crews and others aboard ships and aircraft.

  • (ii) The conditions of a Polar climate can normally be considered to exist within the geographical limits shown below.

    Antarctic—south of latitude 60°S.

    Arctic—north of latitude 67°N (exclusive of land inhabited by Europeans) with, in addition, the east coast of Greenland and the Baffin Island Area.

In amplification of the fourth and ninth clauses of the Royal Warrant it may be stated that when an expedition has not been the responsibility of 1 or more Governments of Member countries of the Commonwealth, it would be appropriate for recommendations to the appropriate Commonwealth Government to be made by learned societies or distinguished individuals who have examined the results, or have first-hand knowledge of the expedition's labours. A description of the expedition's achievements should be given together with citations for those persons who are recommended for award.

In relation to expeditions for which the United Kingdom Government are responsible, recommendations are put before the Ministry of Defence, that is to say, the Department making submissions to the Sovereign, by and only by, the United Kingdom Government Department responsible for the expedition.

When recommendations are made the names of persons otherwise qualified who, on account of misconduct or neglect of duty, are considered to merit disqualification, should be listed separately and the reasons given.


Issued under the authority of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989.

Date of notification in Gazette: 7 May 1970.


Contents

  • 1General

  • 2Status of reprints

  • 3How reprints are prepared

  • 4Changes made under section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989

  • 5List of amendments incorporated in this reprint (most recent first)


Notes
1 General
  • This is a reprint of the Royal Warrant and Regulations as to the Polar Medal. The reprint incorporates all the amendments to the royal warrant as at 5 February 1970, as specified in the list of amendments at the end of these notes.

    Relevant provisions of any amending enactments that contain transitional, savings, or application provisions that cannot be compiled in the reprint are also included, after the principal enactment, in chronological order. For more information, see http://www.pco.parliament.govt.nz/reprints/ .

2 Status of reprints
  • Under section 16D of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989, reprints are presumed to correctly state, as at the date of the reprint, the law enacted by the principal enactment and by the amendments to that enactment. This presumption applies even though editorial changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in the reprint.

    This presumption may be rebutted by producing the official volumes of statutes or statutory regulations in which the principal enactment and its amendments are contained.

3 How reprints are prepared
  • A number of editorial conventions are followed in the preparation of reprints. For example, the enacting words are not included in Acts, and provisions that are repealed or revoked are omitted. For a detailed list of the editorial conventions, see http://www.pco.parliament.govt.nz/editorial-conventions/ or Part 8 of the Tables of New Zealand Acts and Ordinances and Statutory Regulations and Deemed Regulations in Force.

4 Changes made under section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989
  • Section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 authorises the making of editorial changes in a reprint as set out in sections 17D and 17E of that Act so that, to the extent permitted, the format and style of the reprinted enactment is consistent with current legislative drafting practice. Changes that would alter the effect of the legislation are not permitted.

    A new format of legislation was introduced on 1 January 2000. Changes to legislative drafting style have also been made since 1997, and are ongoing. To the extent permitted by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989, all legislation reprinted after 1 January 2000 is in the new format for legislation and reflects current drafting practice at the time of the reprint.

    In outline, the editorial changes made in reprints under the authority of section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 are set out below, and they have been applied, where relevant, in the preparation of this reprint:

    • omission of unnecessary referential words (such as of this section and of this Act)

    • typeface and type size (Times Roman, generally in 11.5 point)

    • layout of provisions, including:

      • indentation

      • position of section headings (eg, the number and heading now appear above the section)

    • format of definitions (eg, the defined term now appears in bold type, without quotation marks)

    • format of dates (eg, a date formerly expressed as the 1st day of January 1999 is now expressed as 1 January 1999)

    • position of the date of assent (it now appears on the front page of each Act)

    • punctuation (eg, colons are not used after definitions)

    • Parts numbered with roman numerals are replaced with arabic numerals, and all cross-references are changed accordingly

    • case and appearance of letters and words, including:

      • format of headings (eg, headings where each word formerly appeared with an initial capital letter followed by small capital letters are amended so that the heading appears in bold, with only the first word (and any proper nouns) appearing with an initial capital letter)

      • small capital letters in section and subsection references are now capital letters

    • schedules are renumbered (eg, Schedule 1 replaces First Schedule), and all cross-references are changed accordingly

    • running heads (the information that appears at the top of each page)

    • format of two-column schedules of consequential amendments, and schedules of repeals (eg, they are rearranged into alphabetical order, rather than chronological).

5 List of amendments incorporated in this reprint (most recent first)