Tokelau Shipping (Salvage) Regulations 1992

Reprint
as at 16 October 1992

Coat of Arms of New Zealand

Tokelau Shipping (Salvage) Regulations 1992

(SR 1992/289)

Catherine A Tizard, Governor-General

Order in Council

At Wellington this 12th day of October 1992

Present:
Her Excellency the Governor-General in Council


Note

Changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in this reprint.

A general outline of these changes is set out in the notes at the end of this reprint, together with other explanatory material about this reprint.

These regulations are administered by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.


Pursuant to the Tokelau Act 1948, Her Excellency the Governor-General, acting by and with the advice and consent of the Executive Council, hereby makes the following regulations.

Regulations

1 Title and commencement
  • (1) These regulations may be cited as the Tokelau Shipping (Salvage) Regulations 1992.

    (2) These regulations shall come into force on 1 December 1992.

2 Interpretation
  • In these regulations, unless the context otherwise requires,—

    accident, in relation to a vessel, means the wrecking, stranding, or distress of that vessel

    former owner, in relation to any vessel or property, means the person who owned the vessel or property immediately before the vessel or property came under the control of the Faipule or Administrator

    police officer has the same meaning as in regulation 2 of the Tokelau Police Regulations 1989

    vessel does not include a boat or other water-borne craft used solely in Tokelau by a resident of Tokelau.

3 Responsibilities of Faipule
  • (1) When any vessel is wrecked, stranded, or in distress in Tokelau, the Faipule of the atoll where the accident has occurred shall, on learning of the accident, proceed promptly to the vessel, and subject to subclause (3), take command of all persons present and assign such duties and give such directions as appear to the Faipule to be necessary for the preservation of the vessel and the lives of persons and property on the vessel.

    (2) Every person commits an offence who wilfully disobeys a direction of the Faipule given under subclause (1).

    (3) Where subclause (1) applies,—

    • (i) the Faipule shall not interfere between the master of the vessel and the crew of the vessel in matters relating to the management of the vessel unless requested to do so by the master:

    • (ii) while the master is on board, the master remains in control of the crew and the vessel and the equipment on board the vessel.

4 Powers of Faipule
  • (1) The Faipule, in order to save a vessel that is stranded or in distress, or the persons and property on the vessel, may—

    • (i) require the assistance of such persons as the Faipule thinks fit:

    • (ii) require the master or any person having the charge of any vessel nearby to provide such help with that vessel and its crew as is within the power of that master or person.

    (2) Every person commits an offence who fails without good reason to assist the Faipule when required to do so under subclause (1).

    (3) Where an accident occurs to a vessel, every person commits an offence who—

    • (i) plunders, creates disorder, or obstructs the preservation of the vessel, lives, or property; or

    • (ii) except in an emergency to save life, boards the vessel without the authority of the Faipule or, if the master is on board, the master.

    (4) The Faipule, and any person of whom the Faipule requires assistance for the purpose, may use such reasonable force as may be necessary for the suppression of any plundering, disorder, or obstruction in respect of the vessel or lives or property.

5 Duties of police officer
  • (1) Whenever, on or near the coasts of any atoll of Tokelau, any vessel is lost, abandoned, stranded, or materially damaged, or has been in collision with any other vessel, a police officer shall, as soon as possible after the event, examine on oath every person who belongs to the vessel and such other persons as may be able to give information about the vessel or its property, and shall record—

    • (i) the name and description of the vessel; and

    • (ii) the names of the master, the owner, and the charterer (if any) of the vessel; and

    • (iii) the names of the owners of the cargo; and

    • (iv) the ports or places from and to which the vessel was bound; and

    • (v) the cause of the distress of the vessel; and

    • (vi) the services rendered by any persons; and

    • (vii) any other relevant matters.

    (2) A police officer may for the purposes of subclause (1),—

    • (i) require the attendance of any person:

    • (ii) require any person to give answers and produce documents:

    • (iii) administer an oath to any person if it is necessary to examine him or her.

    (3) Every person commits an offence who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with a requirement of a police officer under subclause (2).

    (4) The police officer shall forward a copy of the record made under subclause (1) to the Administrator, and shall retain the original.

6 Property from vessels to be delivered to Faipule
  • (1) Property that is washed on shore or lost or taken from a vessel that is wrecked, stranded, or in distress shall be delivered to the Faipule, and any person, whether the owner or not, commits an offence who hides or keeps possession of any such property or refuses to hand it over to the Faipule or to a person authorised by the Faipule for the purpose.

    (2) The Faipule or an agent of the Faipule may use such force as is reasonably necessary for the purpose of taking control of property to which subclause (1) refers.

    (3) The Faipule shall as soon as practicable after taking possession of any such property send to the Administrator a description of it and of any marks by which it is distinguished.

    (4) On receiving the information, the Administrator shall make it available to such persons as the Administrator thinks fit.

    (5) Where property in the custody of the Faipule under these regulations is—

    • (i) under the value of $200; or

    • (ii) perishable; or

    • (iii) so damaged that in the opinion of the Faipule there is no advantage in keeping it,—

    the Faipule may sell the property or, where that is not practicable or where the owner or any representative of the owner indicates any wish in the matter, dispose of it in such other manner as the Faipule thinks fit.

    (6) The proceeds of any sale under this regulation shall, following deduction of the expenses of the sale, be held by the Faipule for the same purposes and subject to the same claims, rights, and liabilities, as if the property had remained unsold.

    (7) Where the Faipule disposes of goods under subclause (5), any person who takes the goods from the Faipule receives a title which is good against the former owner.

7 Payment for assistance to vessel
  • (1) The owner of any vessel or property that has been saved shall pay the relevant village—

    • (i) all expenses properly incurred by the Faipule in exercising the Faipule's powers and responsibilities under these regulations; and

    • (ii) the cost of the labour of all members of the village who assisted the Faipule; and

    • (iii) a sum to be determined by the Faipule as representing a fair and equitable share of the value of the vessel or property saved having regard to the contribution made by the village toward the saving of the vessel or property, which sum shall not exceed 10% of the value of the vessel or property saved.

    (2) The Faipule shall give notice in writing to the owner of the vessel or property, or the owner's representative, of all amounts due under this regulation.

    (3) Subject to regulation 11, the Faipule may take into custody or retain in custody any vessel or property until all amounts due under subclause (1) in respect of that vessel or property have been paid.

8 Disputes
  • (1) The following disputes shall be settled by arbitration:

    • (i) disputes arising between the owner of a vessel or property from a vessel and the Faipule as to any amount payable under these regulations:

    • (ii) disputes arising between any person claiming ownership in or any other right to a vessel or property and the Faipule as to that ownership or other right.

    (2) Each party to the dispute shall appoint an arbitrator, and the arbitrators shall together appoint an umpire.

    (3) The decision of the umpire shall be final.

    (4) Where services have been provided to a vessel against the wishes of its master and payment for those services is disputed, the village shall be entitled to payment if, in the opinion of the umpire, it was reasonable for the services to be provided having regard to all the circumstances prevailing at the time.

9 Claims to property
  • (1) Subject to the payment of all amounts due under these regulations, where a person establishes ownership of any property saved to the satisfaction of the Faipule within 3 months after the date on which the property came into the possession of the Faipule, the Faipule shall restore the property to that owner.

    (2) If no claim to the ownership of any property saved is established to the satisfaction of the Faipule within 3 months after the date on which the property came into the possession of the Faipule, then, subject to any claimant's right to seek arbitration, the property shall be forfeited to the village.

10 Detention of vessel or property
  • (1) When a vessel or property is detained by the Faipule under these regulations for non-payment of any sum and the party liable to pay is aware of the detention then—

    • (i) where the amount is not disputed and the payment is not made within 3 months after it has been notified in writing to the party liable; or

    • (ii) where the amount is disputed and is settled by arbitration and payment of any amount so settled is not made within 3 months of the decision of the umpire,—

    the Faipule may sell or, where that is not practicable, otherwise dispose of the vessel or property as the Faipule thinks fit.

    (2) If the disposal under subclause (1) is by sale, any surplus funds remaining after payment of all amounts due under these regulations shall be paid to the owner of the property sold or any other party entitled to receive it.

11 Removal of vessels
  • (1) If a vessel is sunk, stranded, or abandoned on or near the reef or in any inland water of Tokelau, the Administrator, by notice in writing given to the owner or master or any representative of the owner, shall require the owner to remove the vessel within a reasonable time to be specified by the Administrator.

    (2) Every owner or master commits an offence who fails to remove a vessel as required under subclause (1).

    (3) If the owner fails to comply with the notice under subclause (1), or if after reasonable enquiry neither the owner nor the master of the vessel can be found, the Administrator may—

    • (i) take possession of and cause to be removed or destroyed the whole or any part of the vessel:

    • (ii) sell the vessel and any property recovered from it in such manner and on such conditions as the Administrator thinks fit.

    (4) Where the Administrator sells a vessel or property under subclause (3), the Administrator shall, from the proceeds of the sale, reimburse the Tokelau Administration for the sale and other expenses, and pay to the village any amount due to it in respect of the vessel or property under regulation 7.

    (5) If the proceeds of sale are insufficient to pay the whole of the sale and other expenses and any amount due under regulation 7, the Administrator may—

    • (i) recover the balance from the former owner of the vessel:

    • (ii) if the sinking, stranding, or abandonment occurred through the fault or negligence of another vessel or person, recover the balance from the owner of that other vessel or person.

    (6) The Administrator shall dispose of any surplus of the proceeds of any sale by payment to the former owner of the vessel or property sold or to any other party entitled to receive them.

    (7) If there is no known former owner, and if—

    • (i) no claim to the surplus is lodged with the Administrator within 12 months of the sinking, stranding, or abandonment of the vessel; or

    • (ii) any claims lodged are found not to be justified, or are less than the amount of the surplus,—

    the Administrator may apply the surplus, or any remaining balance of the surplus, for such purposes relating to the general benefit of Tokelau as the Administrator thinks fit.

12 Regulation of sea traffic
  • (1) The Pulenuku of each atoll shall have power to—

    • (i) regulate the navigation of boats and other water-borne craft within the lagoon of the atoll:

    • (iii) designate the mooring or resting place of any vessel:

    • (iv) control the passage of any vessel into the lagoon:

    • (v) designate the place of landing of passengers:

    • (vi) designate the place of landing of goods.

    (2) Every person commits an offence who fails to obey an order given by the Pulenuku in the exercise of the Pulenuku's powers under subclause (1).

13 Immunity from suit
  • No civil or criminal liability shall attach to the Government of New Zealand, the Tokelau Administration or a servant or agent of either of them, the Faipule, the Pulenuku, or any person assisting the Faipule or Pulenuku in respect of anything done or omitted in good faith in the administration of these regulations.

14 Penalty for offences
  • Every person who commits an offence against these regulations is liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months or to a fine not exceeding $150.

Bob MacFarlane,
Acting for Clerk of the Executive Council.


Explanatory note

This note is not part of the regulations, but is intended to indicate their general effect.

These regulations, which come into force on 1 December 1992, set out responsibilities in relation to ships that are wrecked, stranded, or in distress in Tokelau, and provide for the handling of claims and other matters arising from such events.


Issued under the authority of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989.

Date of notification in Gazette: 15 October 1992.


Contents

  • 1General

  • 2Status of reprints

  • 3How reprints are prepared

  • 4Changes made under section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989

  • 5List of amendments incorporated in this reprint (most recent first)


Notes
1 General
  • This is a reprint of the Tokelau Shipping (Salvage) Regulations 1992. The reprint incorporates all the amendments to the regulations as at 16 October 1992, as specified in the list of amendments at the end of these notes.

    Relevant provisions of any amending enactments that contain transitional, savings, or application provisions that cannot be compiled in the reprint are also included, after the principal enactment, in chronological order. For more information, see http://www.pco.parliament.govt.nz/reprints/ .

2 Status of reprints
  • Under section 16D of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989, reprints are presumed to correctly state, as at the date of the reprint, the law enacted by the principal enactment and by the amendments to that enactment. This presumption applies even though editorial changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in the reprint.

    This presumption may be rebutted by producing the official volumes of statutes or statutory regulations in which the principal enactment and its amendments are contained.

3 How reprints are prepared
  • A number of editorial conventions are followed in the preparation of reprints. For example, the enacting words are not included in Acts, and provisions that are repealed or revoked are omitted. For a detailed list of the editorial conventions, see http://www.pco.parliament.govt.nz/editorial-conventions/ or Part 8 of the Tables of New Zealand Acts and Ordinances and Statutory Regulations and Deemed Regulations in Force.

4 Changes made under section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989
  • Section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 authorises the making of editorial changes in a reprint as set out in sections 17D and 17E of that Act so that, to the extent permitted, the format and style of the reprinted enactment is consistent with current legislative drafting practice. Changes that would alter the effect of the legislation are not permitted.

    A new format of legislation was introduced on 1 January 2000. Changes to legislative drafting style have also been made since 1997, and are ongoing. To the extent permitted by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989, all legislation reprinted after 1 January 2000 is in the new format for legislation and reflects current drafting practice at the time of the reprint.

    In outline, the editorial changes made in reprints under the authority of section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 are set out below, and they have been applied, where relevant, in the preparation of this reprint:

    • omission of unnecessary referential words (such as of this section and of this Act)

    • typeface and type size (Times Roman, generally in 11.5 point)

    • layout of provisions, including:

      • indentation

      • position of section headings (eg, the number and heading now appear above the section)

    • format of definitions (eg, the defined term now appears in bold type, without quotation marks)

    • format of dates (eg, a date formerly expressed as the 1st day of January 1999 is now expressed as 1 January 1999)

    • position of the date of assent (it now appears on the front page of each Act)

    • punctuation (eg, colons are not used after definitions)

    • Parts numbered with roman numerals are replaced with arabic numerals, and all cross-references are changed accordingly

    • case and appearance of letters and words, including:

      • format of headings (eg, headings where each word formerly appeared with an initial capital letter followed by small capital letters are amended so that the heading appears in bold, with only the first word (and any proper nouns) appearing with an initial capital letter)

      • small capital letters in section and subsection references are now capital letters

    • schedules are renumbered (eg, Schedule 1 replaces First Schedule), and all cross-references are changed accordingly

    • running heads (the information that appears at the top of each page)

    • format of two-column schedules of consequential amendments, and schedules of repeals (eg, they are rearranged into alphabetical order, rather than chronological).

5 List of amendments incorporated in this reprint (most recent first)