Animal Products Regulations 2000

Reprint
as at 1 June 2005

Crest

Animal Products Regulations 2000

(SR 2000/207)

Michael Hardie Boys, Governor-General

Order in Council

At Wellington this 16th day of October 2000

Present:
His Excellency the Governor-General in Council


Note

Changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in this reprint.

A general outline of these changes is set out in the notes at the end of this reprint, together with other explanatory material about this reprint.

These regulations are administered by the New Zealand Food Safety Authority.


Pursuant to section 166 of the Animal Products Act 1999, His Excellency the Governor-General, acting on the advice and with the consent of the Executive Council, makes the following regulations.

Contents

Standards relating to fitness for purpose

Standards relating to production, processing, and preparation of animal material and product

Standards relating to examining, sampling, and testing

Standards relating to packaging, storing, and handling

Standards relating to identification, labelling, and record keeping

Criteria for making certain specifications


Regulations

1 Title
  • These regulations are the Animal Products Regulations 2000.

2 Commencement
  • These regulations come into force on 20 November 2000.

2A Dairy material, product, and processing excluded
  • Nothing in these regulations applies to any dairy material, dairy product, or dairy processor.

    Regulation 2A: inserted, on 1 June 2005, by section 11(1)(d) of the Animal Products (Ancillary and Transitional Provisions) Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 27).

3 Interpretation
  • In these regulations, unless the context otherwise requires,—

    animal material depot, or depot, means a place or premises where animal material (not being live mammals or live birds) is accumulated for temporary holding pending transfer to a primary processor

    essential services includes, without limitation, process gases, lighting, ventilation, water, and waste management

    maintenance compound means, in relation to any premises or place where animal material or animal product is processed, any substance—

    • (a) used for maintaining, repairing, servicing, cleaning, or sanitising equipment or surfaces that may be the source of, or result in, contamination of animal material, animal product, or associated things; or

    • (b) used for treating water; or

    • (c) used for pest control

    pest includes, without limitation, dogs, cats, birds, rodents, insects, and any other creatures that are likely to transfer contaminants to animal material or animal product; but does not include—

    • (a) animals used under direct supervision or control for the purpose of maintaining security; or

    • (b) animals that are themselves intended for processing or animal material being processed

    specification means a requirement specified by notice under section 167(1) of the Act

    specified person means any—

    • (a) risk management programme operator:

    • (b) operator of an animal material depot:

    • (c) person who transports animal material from a depot to a primary processor:

    • (d) person who transports animal material or animal product from the place or premises of a primary processor:

    • (e) other category of person specified in specifications for the purposes of the relevant requirement of these regulations

    supplier means a person who presents an animal or animal material to a processor for processing (not being a person solely engaged in facilitating the physical transfer of the animal or animal material, such as a transporter, purchasing agent, or sale-yard operator)

    waste includes, without limitation, all solids, liquids, and gases that the operator intends to dispose of as being unwanted and that may become a source of contamination or attract pests.

Part 1
Animal product standards

4 Outline of Part
  • This Part sets animal product standards for the purposes of Part 4 of the Act, and provides for matters in relation to the making of specifications.

Standards relating to fitness for purpose

5 Animal material to be suitable for processing into animal product
  • (1) Animal material used for processing into animal product must be suitable for that purpose.

    (2) Where required by specifications, the supplier of animal material for processing into animal product must provide information, in accordance with the specifications, relating to the status of the animal material when it is presented for processing, namely, its—

    • (a) origin:

    • (b) nature:

    • (c) description:

    • (d) exposure to risk factors, if any.

    (3) The information provided must be accurate.

    (4) Before making specifications for the purposes of this regulation, the Director-General must be satisfied of at least 1 of the matters referred to in regulation 21.

6 Animal product to be free of certain hazards, objects, materials, and substances
  • (1) Taking into consideration its intended use, animal product must be free from—

    • (a) biological, chemical, and physical hazards in amounts that may be directly or indirectly harmful to humans or animals:

    • (b) extraneous objects, material, and substances of a kind not expected to be in animal product that is prepared or packed for trade in accordance with good trade practices:

    • (c) animal material in amounts that may be directly or indirectly harmful to humans and animals for which the animal product is intended.

    (2) For the purposes of subclause (1), specifications may specify—

    • (a) unacceptable hazards, objects, materials, and substances in relation to any type or class of animal product:

    • (b) acceptable or unacceptable levels of hazards, objects, materials, and substances in relation to any type or class of animal product.

7 Composition of animal material or product
  • (1) All risk management programme operators, and all other categories of processor of animal material or animal product specified in specifications for the purposes of this subclause, must ensure that the composition of the animal material and animal product complies with any relevant composition levels and requirements set out in the specifications.

    (2) Specifications setting composition levels or requirements may include limitations and requirements for ingredients and additives in relation to any type or class of animal material or animal product.

8 Animal product not to be associated with false or misleading representation
  • Animal product must not be associated with a false or misleading representation of any kind concerning its—

    • (a) fitness for intended purpose:

    • (b) nature:

    • (c) origin:

    • (d) composition:

    • (e) ingredients or other constituents:

    • (f) proportion of ingredients or other constituents.

Standards relating to production, processing, and preparation of animal material and product

9 Animal material and product to be processed in manner that minimises contamination and deterioration
  • All specified persons must ensure that animal material and animal product in their charge is processed in a manner that minimises the contamination or deterioration of the animal material or animal product.

10 Requirements for premises, places, facilities, equipment, and essential services
  • All specified persons must ensure that the premises, places, facilities, equipment, and essential services for which they are responsible in relation to the processing of animal material or animal product are—

    • (a) designed, constructed, and located to enable suitability of the animal material to be maintained, and the fitness for intended purpose of the animal product to be achieved and maintained, having regard to—

      • (i) the animal material or animal product to be processed; and

      • (ii) the nature of the processes involved; and

      • (iii) the range of the animal products to be produced; and

    • (b) operated to minimise and manage the exposure of animal material or animal product or associated things to risk factors, having regard to—

      • (i) the animal material or animal product to be processed; and

      • (ii) the operational capability and capacity of the premises or place, facilities, equipment, and essential services; and

      • (iii) the range of animal products to be produced.

11 Hygiene of processing environment
  • (1) All specified persons must establish and carry out effective procedures to—

    • (a) ensure appropriate and adequate maintenance, cleaning, and sanitation of processing premises, places, facilities, essential services, and equipment (including conveyances); and

    • (b) manage waste; and

    • (c) control pests.

    (2) For the purposes of subclause (1), a procedure is effective if it minimises the exposure of animal material and animal product and associated things to risk factors associated with waste, pests, and inappropriate or inadequate maintenance, cleaning, and sanitation.

    (3) All risk management programme operators, operators of animal material depots, and other persons specified in specifications for the purposes of this subclause must, in relation to premises or places used for processing, ensure that maintenance compounds are stored, handled, and used in a manner that minimises contamination by the maintenance compounds of animal material, animal product, and associated things.

    (4) The Director-General may—

    • (a) by specifications, provide that in certain areas, or for certain uses or equipment, only maintenance compounds that are listed in the specifications or approved by the Director-General may be used:

    • (b) impose conditions on the use of those maintenance compounds, whether in the specifications or in the approval.

    (5) In deciding whether to impose requirements under subclause (4), the Director-General must assess the risk of contamination of animal material or product, and the ability to control the risk through conditions.

12 Hygiene of persons whose presence or actions may result in contamination of animal material or animal product
  • All risk management programme operators, persons who transport animal material or animal product from the place or premises of a primary processor, and other categories of person specified in specifications for the purposes of this regulation must ensure that persons, including visitors, whose presence or actions, at any premises or place where animal material or product is processed, may result in contamination of animal material or animal product—

    • (a) wear appropriate protective clothing, where necessary; and

    • (b) follow an appropriate personal hygiene routine; and

    • (c) behave in such a manner as may be necessary or desirable to minimise contamination to animal material, animal product, and associated things.

13 Persons infected by or carriers of disease or illness to be excluded from working areas or from handling animal material or product
  • All specified persons must ensure that persons, including visitors, who are known to be, or suspected of being, infected by or a carrier of a disease or illness of public health concern (including a notifiable infectious disease listed in section A of Part 1 of Schedule 1 of the Health Act 1956) that is likely to be transmitted through animal material, animal product, or associated things are precluded from—

    • (a) working in areas where animal material or animal product is processed, if that may result in contamination of animal product; or

    • (b) handling animal material, animal product, or associated things that may result in contamination of animal product.

14 Required measuring equipment to be calibrated and function as intended
  • (1) All specified persons must ensure that measuring equipment that is used to carry out a critical measurement is properly calibrated and functions as intended.

    (2) In this regulation, critical measurement means a parameter identified as critical in any—

    • (a) specifications or regulated control scheme; or

    • (b) risk management programme, being a parameter of the nature of the parameters referred to in section 17(3)(c) of the Act in relation to points at which hazards of significance occur.

Standards relating to examining, sampling, and testing

15 Animal material and product to be examined, sampled, and tested
  • All risk management programme operators, and all other categories of person specified in regulations or specifications for the purposes of this regulation, must ensure that—

    • (a) animal material, animal product, and associated things are examined, sampled, and tested in accordance with any relevant specifications that are appropriate to the class or description of the animal material or animal product or process concerned, or the risk factor to be managed, or any combination of these; and

    • (b) any necessary actions arising as a result of the examination, sampling, or testing are taken.

Standards relating to packaging, storing, and handling

16 Packaging requirements for animal material and product
  • All risk management programme operators, operators of animal material depots, and other categories of person specified in specifications for the purposes of this regulation must ensure that any packaging materials (including reusable packaging and inner and outer packaging of any kind) used for animal material, animal product, and associated things are designed, made, stored, and used in a manner that—

    • (a) maintains the status of the animal material as suitable for use in processing; and

    • (b) maintains the status of the animal product as fit for its intended purpose; and

    • (c) minimises contamination of the animal material or animal product.

17 Carriage and delivery requirements for animal material and product
  • All persons engaged in the carriage and delivery of animal material or animal product must as far as practicable ensure that the means of carriage and delivery are designed, made, maintained, and operated to minimise contamination or deterioration of animal material or animal product.

Standards relating to identification, labelling, and record keeping

18 Identification system requirements
  • (1) All operators of risk management programmes, all exporters, and all other categories of person required by specifications to do so, must have a tracking system that—

    • (a) allows for the identification of animal material and animal product; and

    • (b) enables the movement of the animal material or animal product to be traced—

      • (i) where required by specifications, from the origin, through the supplier and the operator's business premises to the next recipient of the animal material or product; or

      • (ii) where specifications do not require tracing from origin, from the supplier and the operator's business premises to the next recipient of the animal material or product.

    (2) The Director-General may, by specifications, require persons other than operators of risk management programmes and exporters to maintain a tracking system.

    (3) Before making specifications for the purposes of subclause (2), the Director-General must be satisfied of at least 1 of the matters referred to in regulation 21.

19 Labelling and identification requirements
  • (1) Animal material and animal product must be labelled or identified in accordance with any relevant specifications.

    (2) Any labelling or identification required by specifications must—

    • (a) clearly relate to the animal material or animal product to which it applies; and

    • (b) contain information that accurately describes or differentiates so as to identify the animal material or animal product to which it applies.

    (3) The Director-General may, by specifications, require risk management programme operators or other categories of person to label or identify animal material or animal product in accordance with the specifications.

    (4) Before making specifications for the purposes of subclause (3), the Director-General must be satisfied of at least 1 of the matters referred to in regulation 21.

20 Record and return requirements
  • All records that are required by specifications to be kept and all returns that are required by specifications to be made by any risk management programme operator or other category of person in respect of animal material, animal product, or associated things must be—

    • (a) complete:

    • (b) accurate:

    • (c) of sufficient quality:

    • (d) appropriately stored and readily accessible (in the case of records):

    • (e) promptly supplied (in the case of returns).

Criteria for making certain specifications

21 Director-General to have regard to certain circumstances if making specifications relating to supply, identification, or labelling of animal material or product
  • Before making specifications of the kinds referred to in regulations 5, 18(2), and 19(3), the Director-General must be satisfied that at least 1 of the following factors applies in relation to the proposed specifications:

    • (a) it is not feasible or practicable for the relevant risks to be managed in some other way:

    • (b) the specifications are reasonable on the grounds of economic efficiency.

Part 2
Miscellaneous provisions

22 Requirements relating to animal material for primary processing
  • (1) The Director-General may, by specifications made for the purposes of any of Parts 2 to 5 of the Act,—

    • (a) specify the obligations of primary producers and other intermediate owners and suppliers of animals or animal material intended or provided for primary processing, whether generally or in relation to any particular class of producer, owner, supplier, animal, or animal material:

    • (b) specify requirements as to the procurement and presentation of animals and animal material intended or provided for primary processing, including requirements relating to the provision or obtaining of information pertaining to the suitability of any animal or animal material for processing for human or animal consumption.

    (2) Before making specifications for the purposes of subclause (1), the Director-General must be satisfied that—

    • (a) it is not feasible or practicable for the relevant risks to be managed in another way; or

    • (b) the setting of the specifications is reasonable on the grounds of economic efficiency; or

    • (c) the specifications are necessary to meet overseas market access requirements.

    (3) In any particular situation where the requirements of the specifications cannot be met, the Director-General may nevertheless, on application made before the relevant animal or animal material is presented for primary processing, grant approval in writing for the animal or animal material to be presented and accepted for processing, if satisfied that—

    • (a) there is good reason in the special circumstances of the case why the requirements of the specifications cannot be met; and

    • (b) acceptance of the animal or animal material would not prejudice the fitness for its intended purpose of the resulting product.

    (4) The approval may be subject to conditions, including requirements for documentation.

    (5) No person may present, and no processor may accept, any animal or animal material for processing unless either—

    • (a) the person has complied with any relevant specifications referred to in subclause (1); or

    • (b) the animal or animal material is presented in accordance with an approval given under subclause (3) and any conditions to which the approval is subject.

    (6) Failure to comply with subclause (5) constitutes an offence for the purposes of section 135(1)(b) of the Act.

23 Requirements relating to suppliers of animal material for primary processing
  • (1) The Director-General may, by specifications made for the purposes of any of Parts 2 to 5 of the Act, require that specified classes of supplier of specified animal material for processing must have a specified level of competency, qualification, or experience in order to present animals or animal material for primary processing.

    (2) Before making specifications for the purposes of subclause (1), the Director-General must be satisfied that—

    • (a) it is not feasible or practicable for the relevant risks to be managed in another way; or

    • (b) the specifications are necessary to meet overseas market access requirements.

    (3) No person may present, and no processor may accept, any animal or animal material for primary processing unless the person presenting it has the level of competency, qualification, or experience required by specifications made under subclause (1).

    (4) Failure to comply with subclause (3) constitutes an offence for the purposes of section 135(1)(b) of the Act.

24 Risk management programme evaluation
  • (1) No person may take responsibility for, or sign, a risk management programme evaluation report required by section 20(2)(b) of the Act if—

    • (a) the person is not currently accredited under the Act to carry out risk management programme evaluation functions and activities; or

    • (b) the person was involved in the design or development of the risk management programme to which the evaluation report relates; or

    • (c) any person actively involved in carrying out the evaluation or any part of it was involved also in the design or development of the risk management programme being evaluated.

    (2) Failure to comply with subclause (1) constitutes an offence for the purposes of section 135(1)(b) of the Act.

25 Recognised agencies and accredited persons
  • (1) If a particular function or activity is required under the Act to be carried out by a recognised agency or an accredited person, then the person with responsibility for ensuring that the function or activity is carried out must ensure that the function or activity is carried out only by—

    • (a) an agency recognised under the Act to undertake responsibility for that function or activity; or

    • (b) a person accredited under the Act to undertake that function or activity.

    (2) If a particular function or activity is required under the Act to be carried out by an accredited person under the management of a recognised agency, a recognised agency must offer and use for that function or activity only the services of a person properly accredited under the Act to carry out the function or activity.

    (3) Failure to comply with subclause (1) or subclause (2) constitutes an offence for the purposes of section 135(1)(b) of the Act.

26 Identification, differentiation, and security systems and devices
  • (1) In this regulation, approved or specified system or device means a system or device approved or specified by the Director-General under section 158(1)(a) of the Act, and notified as such under section 167 of the Act, for the purposes of the identification, differentiation, or security of—

    • (a) animal material or animal products subject to the Act; or

    • (b) premises or places where such animal material or products are or may be produced or processed, held, stored, or transported; or

    • (c) things of any nature that come or may come into contact with such animal material or products, or may otherwise affect the suitability of the animal material or the fitness for its intended purpose of the animal product.

    (2) A person who operates or applies an approved or specified system or device must,—

    • (a) if the Director-General also approves or specifies under section 158 of the Act the persons who may operate or apply the system or device, be a person who meets the requirements of the approval or specification; and

    • (b) comply with any conditions specified by the Director-General under section 158 of the Act on the acquisition, use, or security of the system or device.

    (3) A person who is a manufacturer of an approved or specified system or device must comply with any requirements for manufacturers specified by the Director-General under section 158 of the Act as to the manufacture, transport, storage, sale, and security of the system or device.

    (4) Failure to comply with subclause (2) or subclause (3) constitutes an offence for the purposes of section 135(1)(b) of the Act.

27 Revocation
  • The Animal Products Regulations 1999 (SR 1999/345) are revoked.

Martin Bell,
for Clerk of the Executive Council.


Issued under the authority of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989.

Date of notification in Gazette: 19 October 2000.


Contents

  • 1General

  • 2Status of reprints

  • 3How reprints are prepared

  • 4Changes made under section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989

  • 5List of amendments incorporated in this reprint (most recent first)


Notes
1 General
  • This is a reprint of the Animal Products Regulations 2000. The reprint incorporates all the amendments to the regulations as at 1 June 2005, as specified in the list of amendments at the end of these notes.

    Relevant provisions of any amending enactments that have yet to come into force or that contain relevant transitional or savings provisions are also included, after the principal enactment, in chronological order.

2 Status of reprints
  • Under section 16D of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989, reprints are presumed to correctly state, as at the date of the reprint, the law enacted by the principal enactment and by the amendments to that enactment. This presumption applies even though editorial changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in the reprint.

    This presumption may be rebutted by producing the official volumes of statutes or statutory regulations in which the principal enactment and its amendments are contained.

3 How reprints are prepared
  • A number of editorial conventions are followed in the preparation of reprints. For example, the enacting words are not included in Acts, and provisions that are repealed or revoked are omitted. For a detailed list of the editorial conventions, see http://www.pco.parliament.govt.nz/editorial-conventions/ or Part 8 of the Tables of New Zealand Acts and Ordinances and Statutory Regulations and Deemed Regulations in Force.

4 Changes made under section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989
  • Section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 authorises the making of editorial changes in a reprint as set out in sections 17D and 17E of that Act so that, to the extent permitted, the format and style of the reprinted enactment is consistent with current legislative drafting practice. Changes that would alter the effect of the legislation are not permitted.

    A new format of legislation was introduced on 1 January 2000. Changes to legislative drafting style have also been made since 1997, and are ongoing. To the extent permitted by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989, all legislation reprinted after 1 January 2000 is in the new format for legislation and reflects current drafting practice at the time of the reprint.

    In outline, the editorial changes made in reprints under the authority of section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 are set out below, and they have been applied, where relevant, in the preparation of this reprint:

    • omission of unnecessary referential words (such as of this section and of this Act)

    • typeface and type size (Times Roman, generally in 11.5 point)

    • layout of provisions, including:

      • indentation

      • position of section headings (eg, the number and heading now appear above the section)

    • format of definitions (eg, the defined term now appears in bold type, without quotation marks)

    • format of dates (eg, a date formerly expressed as the 1st day of January 1999 is now expressed as 1 January 1999)

    • position of the date of assent (it now appears on the front page of each Act)

    • punctuation (eg, colons are not used after definitions)

    • Parts numbered with roman numerals are replaced with arabic numerals, and all cross-references are changed accordingly

    • case and appearance of letters and words, including:

      • format of headings (eg, headings where each word formerly appeared with an initial capital letter followed by small capital letters are amended so that the heading appears in bold, with only the first word (and any proper nouns) appearing with an initial capital letter)

      • small capital letters in section and subsection references are now capital letters

    • schedules are renumbered (eg, Schedule 1 replaces First Schedule), and all cross-references are changed accordingly

    • running heads (the information that appears at the top of each page)

    • format of two-column schedules of consequential amendments, and schedules of repeals (eg, they are rearranged into alphabetical order, rather than chronological).

5 List of amendments incorporated in this reprint (most recent first)
  • Animal Products (Ancillary and Transitional Provisions) Amendment Act 2005 (2005 No 27): section 11(1)(d)