Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Regulations 2001

Reprint
as at 1 July 2011

Coat of Arms of New Zealand

Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Regulations 2001

(SR 2001/123)

Silvia Cartwright, Governor-General

Order in Council

At Wellington this 28th day of May 2001

Present:
Her Excellency the Governor-General in Council


Note

Changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in this reprint.

A general outline of these changes is set out in the notes at the end of this reprint, together with other explanatory material about this reprint.

These regulations are administered by the Ministry for the Environment.


Pursuant to section 76(1)(d) of the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996, Her Excellency the Governor-General, acting on the advice and with the consent of the Executive Council (given on the recommendation of the Minister for the Environment made in compliance with section 141(1) of that Act), makes the following regulations.

Contents

1 Title

2 Commencement

Part 1
General

3 Interpretation

4 Exclusion for substances used for motive power or control of vehicle, aircraft, or ship

4A Exclusion for fuel gases

5 General description of emergency management system

Part 2
Level 1 emergency management (information)

Duties

6 Information duties under Part 2 of suppliers

7 Information duties under Part 2 of persons in charge of places

Information

8 Content

9 Availability

10 Comprehensibility, clarity, and durability

11 Alternative information for substances being transported

Part 3
Level 2 emergency management (further documentation, and fire extinguishers)

Duties

12 Documentation duties under Part 3 of suppliers

13 Certain suppliers to give further documentation if asked

14 Documentation duties under Part 3 of persons in charge of places of work

15 Alternative documentation for substances being transported

Further documentation

16 General content requirements for documentation

17 Specific documentation requirements for flammable and oxidising substances and organic peroxides

18 Location and presentation of documentation

19 Comprehensibility, clarity, and durability [Revoked]

20 Requirements additional to Level 1

Fire extinguishers

21 Fire extinguishers required

22 Location of fire extinguishers

23 Capability of fire extinguishers

24 Information about fires still needed

Part 4
Level 3 emergency management (response plans, secondary containment, and signage)

Duties

25 Duties of persons in charge of places under this Part

26 Requirements additional to Levels 1 and 2

Emergency response plans

27 When emergency response plans required

28 Plans to warn of likely emergencies

29 Contents of plans

30 Extra information required in some cases

31 Availability of equipment, materials, and people

32 Availability of plans

33 Testing plans

34 Plan can be part of other management documentation

Secondary containment

35 Terms used in regulations 36 to 41

36 Secondary containment systems for pooling substances

37 Surface containers of up to 60 litres

38 Surface containers of over 60 and up to 450 litres

39 Surface containers of over 450 litres

40 Below ground containers

41 Particular controls on secondary containment systems

Signage

42 Signage requirements

Schedule 1
Quantities requiring Level 1 information

Schedule 2
Quantities requiring Level 2 documentation

Schedule 3
Quantities requiring fire extinguishers

Schedule 4
Threshold quantities for Level 3

Schedule 5
Quantities requiring signage


Regulations

1 Title
  • These regulations are the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Regulations 2001.

2 Commencement
  • These regulations come into force on 2 July 2001.

Part 1
General

3 Interpretation
  • (1) In these regulations, unless the context otherwise requires,—

    aerosol has the same meaning as in clause 1 of Schedule 2 of the Hazardous Substances (Classification) Regulations 2001

    Authority means the Environmental Protection Authority established by section 7 of the Environmental Protection Authority Act 2011

    documentation includes information recorded electronically

    hazard classification means a classification under the classification system described in regulation 4 of the Hazardous Substances (Classification) Regulations 2001

    incompatible has the meaning given to that term by regulation 87, or regulation 105, or table 1 of Schedule 3, of the Hazardous Substances (Classes 1 to 5 Controls) Regulations 2001 (as the case requires)

    package has the meaning given to that term by regulation 3 of the Hazardous Substances (Packaging) Regulations 2001

    place includes a vehicle; and in a place includes on a vehicle

    vehicle has the meaning given to that term by regulation 3 of the Hazardous Substances (Classes 1 to 5 Controls) Regulations 2001.

    (2) In these regulations,—

    • (a) corrosive substance, ecotoxic substance, explosive substance, flammable substance, organic peroxide, oxidising substance, and toxic substance have the meanings given to those terms by regulation 3 of the Hazardous Substances (Classification) Regulations 2001; and

    • (b) aggregate water capacity, permanent gas, and person in charge have the meanings given to those terms by regulation 3 of the Hazardous Substances (Classes 1 to 5 Controls) Regulations 2001; and

    • (c) a term defined in section 2(1) or section 135 of the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996 has the meaning given to it by that provision.

    Regulation 3(1) aerosol: inserted, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 3(1) of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

    Regulation 3(1) Authority: substituted, on 1 July 2011, by section 53(3) of the Environmental Protection Authority Act 2011 (2011 No 14).

    Regulation 3(1) documentation: inserted, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 3(1) of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

    Regulation 3(1) hazard classification: inserted, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 3(1) of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

    Regulation 3(1) incompatible: amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 3(2) of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

4 Exclusion for substances used for motive power or control of vehicle, aircraft, or ship
  • (1) The requirements of these regulations do not apply to any substance that is required for the motive power or control of a vehicle, aircraft, or ship and is contained in the fuel system, electrical system, or control system of the vehicle, aircraft, or ship.

    (2) This regulation overrides all other provisions of these regulations.

4A Exclusion for fuel gases
  • (1) The requirements of these regulations do not apply to any fuel gas supplied or used in a gas distribution system, gas appliance, or gas installation, when subject to the Gas Act 1992.

    (2) In subclause (1),—

    fuel gas means any fuel supplied through pipes or in containers that is a gas at 15°C and 101.3 kPa absolute pressure; and includes—

    • (a) biogas, coal gas, liquified petroleum gas, natural gas, oil gas, producer gas, refinery gas, and reformed natural gas; and

    • (b) any gaseous substance that the Governor-General declares by Order in Council under the Gas Act 1992 to be a gas for the purposes of that Act; and

    • (c) any gaseous substance or mixture whose composition complies with regulations under the Gas Act 1992 allowing it to be used as fuel; and

    • (d) any mixture of fuel gases

    gas appliance has the meaning given to that term by section 2(1) of the Gas Act 1992

    gas distribution means a distribution system within the meaning of section 2(1) of the Gas Act 1992

    gas installation has the meaning given to that term by section 2(1) of the Gas Act 1992.

    (3) This regulation overrides all other provisions of these regulations.

    Regulation 4A: inserted, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 4 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

5 General description of emergency management system
  • (1) There are 3 levels of emergency management requirements for hazardous substances.

    (2) Level 1 requirements apply to hazardous substances in quantities equal to or greater than minimum quantities stated in Schedule 1.

    (3) The higher levels relate to greater quantities (with the quantities depending on the hazard classifications of the substances concerned).

    (4) The levels are therefore cumulative, with the higher levels including all the requirements of the level or levels below them.

Part 2
Level 1 emergency management (information)

Duties

6 Information duties under Part 2 of suppliers
  • A person must comply with this Part when selling or supplying to another person a quantity of a hazardous substance of a particular hazard classification equal to or greater than the quantity specified for hazardous substances of that classification in Schedule 1.

7 Information duties under Part 2 of persons in charge of places
  • (1) This regulation applies to a place if a hazardous substance of a particular hazard classification is held there in a quantity equal to or greater than the quantity specified for hazardous substances of that classification in Schedule 1.

    (2) A person in charge of a place to which this regulation applies must ensure that this Part is complied with in respect of each substance concerned.

Information

8 Content
  • The following information must be provided with the substance concerned:

    • (a) for a corrosive substance (other than a corrosive substance of class 8.1),—

      • (i) a description of the usual symptoms of exposure to it; and

      • (ii) a description of the first aid to be given to a person exposed to it; and

      • (iii) a 24-hour emergency service telephone number:

    • (b) for an explosive substance, a 24-hour emergency service telephone number:

    • (d) for an oxidising substance or organic peroxide,—

      • (i) a description of the material and equipment needed to put out a fire involving it; and

      • (ii) a 24-hour emergency service telephone number; and

    • (e) for a toxic substance of class 6.1, 6.3, 6.4, or 6.5,—

      • (i) [Revoked]

      • (ii) a description of the first aid to be given to a person exposed to it; and

      • (iii) a 24-hour emergency service telephone number:

    • (f) for an ecotoxic substance,—

      • (i) a description of the parts of the environment likely to be immediately affected by it; and

      • (ii) a description of its typical effects on those parts of the environment; and

      • (iii) a statement of any immediate actions that may be taken to prevent the substance from entering, or affecting, those parts of the environment.

    Regulation 8(c)(i): revoked, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 5 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

    Regulation 8(e)(i): revoked, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 5 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

9 Availability
  • The information required by regulation 8 must be so provided that it is available to a person handling the substance concerned within 10 seconds.

10 Comprehensibility, clarity, and durability
  • The information required by regulation 8 must meet the standards of comprehensibility, clarity, and durability required by regulations 34 to 36 of the Hazardous Substances (Identification) Regulations 2001.

11 Alternative information for substances being transported
  • (1) While a hazardous substance is being transported by land, it does not have to comply with regulations 8 to 10 if it is labelled or marked in compliance with Land Transport Rule 45001: Dangerous Goods 1999 (made under the Land Transport Act 1998).

    (2) While a hazardous substance is being transported by sea, it does not have to comply with regulations 8 to 10 if it is labelled or marked in compliance with Maritime Rule 24A Carriage of Cargoes-Dangerous Goods (made under Part 3 of the Maritime Transport Act 1994).

    (3) While a hazardous substance is being transported by air, it does not have to comply with regulations 8 to 10 if it is labelled or marked in compliance with Civil Aviation Rule 92: Carriage of Dangerous Goods (made under Part 3 of the Civil Aviation Act 1990).

Part 3
Level 2 emergency management (further documentation, and fire extinguishers)

  • Part 3 heading: amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 6 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

Duties

12 Documentation duties under Part 3 of suppliers
  • A person must comply with regulations 16 to 19 when selling or supplying to another person a quantity of a hazardous substance of a particular hazard classification equal to or greater than that specified for hazardous substances of that classification in Schedule 2 if—

    • (a) the person is satisfied on reasonable grounds that the other person is likely to use the substance in a place of work; and

    • (b) the person has never previously—

      • (i) sold or supplied a quantity of the substance in that state to the other person in circumstances requiring compliance with regulations 16 to 19; and

      • (ii) complied with those regulations in relation to selling or supplying it.

    Regulation 12 heading: amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 7 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

13 Certain suppliers to give further documentation if asked
  • A person required by regulation 6 to comply with Part 2 when selling or supplying a quantity of a hazardous substance to another person must also, if asked to do so by the other person, give the other person the documentation required by regulations 16 and 17.

    Regulation 13 heading: amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 8(1) of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

    Regulation 13: amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 8(2) of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

14 Documentation duties under Part 3 of persons in charge of places of work
  • (1) This regulation applies to a place of work—

    • (a) if there is held in it any quantity of a hazardous substance of a particular hazard classification in respect of which Schedule 2 specifies any quantity; or

    • (b) if there is held in it (whether in a single container or 2 or more containers) an aggregate quantity of hazardous substances of hazard classification 3.1D, 5.2G, 6.1E, 6.3A, 6.3B, 6.4A, 9.1D, or 9.2D equal to or greater than the quantity specified for hazardous substances of that classification in Schedule 2; or

    • (c) if there is held in it in a single container a quantity of a hazardous substance of a particular hazard classification (other than a hazardous substance of hazard classification 3.1D, 5.2G, 6.1E, 6.3A, 6.3B, 6.4A, 9.1D, or 9.2D) equal to or greater than the quantity specified for hazardous substances of that classification in Schedule 2; or

    • (d) if—

      • (i) there is held in it in 2 or more containers an aggregate quantity of hazardous substances of a particular hazard classification (other than hazardous substances of hazard classification 3.1D, 5.2G, 6.1E, 6.3A, 6.3B, 6.4A, 9.1D, or 9.2D) equal to or greater than 10 times the quantity specified for hazardous substances of that classification in Schedule 2; and

      • (ii) none of the individual containers contains a quantity of a hazardous substance of that hazard classification equal to or greater than the quantity specified for hazardous substances of that classification in Schedule 2.

    (2) A person in charge of a place of work to which this regulation applies must either—

    • (a) ensure that documentation provided with the hazardous substances of each classification concerned by their seller or supplier in compliance with regulations 16 and 17

      • (i) continues to be provided with the substances; and

    • (b) ensure that other documentation is provided with the hazardous substances of each classification concerned in compliance with regulations 16 to 19.

    (3) The person must also comply with Part 2.

    Regulation 14 heading: amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 9(1) of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

    Regulation 14(1)(b): amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 9(2) of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

    Regulation 14(1)(c): amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 9(2) of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

    Regulation 14(1)(d)(i): amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 9(2) of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

    Regulation 14(2)(a): amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 9(3) of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

    Regulation 14(2)(b): amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 9(3) of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

15 Alternative documentation for substances being transported
  • (1) While a hazardous substance is being transported by land, it does not have to comply with regulations 16 to 19 if it is accompanied by documents that comply with Land Transport Rule 45001: Dangerous Goods 1999 (made under the Land Transport Act 1998).

    (2) While a hazardous substance is being transported by sea, it does not have to comply with regulations 16 to 19 if it is accompanied by documents that comply with Maritime Rule 24A Carriage of Cargoes-Dangerous Goods (made under Part 3 of the Maritime Transport Act 1994).

    (3) While a hazardous substance is being transported by air, it does not have to comply with regulations 16 to 19 if it is accompanied by documents that comply with Civil Aviation Rule 92: Carriage of Dangerous Goods (made under Part 3 of the Civil Aviation Act 1990).

    Regulation 15 heading: amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 10 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

Further documentation

  • Heading: amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 11 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

16 General content requirements for documentation
  • (1) A person required by regulation 12 or regulation 14 to comply with this regulation in relation to a quantity of hazardous substances of a particular hazard classification must provide the following information with the quantity:

    • (a) a description of the preparations that should be made for an emergency involving the substances:

    • (b) a description of any special training or equipment needed to deal with an emergency involving the substances:

    • (c) a description of the action to be taken to reduce or eliminate the dangers arising from an emergency involving the substances:

    • (d) a description of the action to be taken, including the use of any protective equipment or agents (such as neutralisers and absorbents), to re-establish the controls established when the substances were approved.

    (2) To the extent that any information required by subclause (1) is different for different hazardous substances of the same classification, it must be provided—

    • (a) separately; and

    • (b) so that it states clearly which substances it relates to.

    Regulation 16 heading: amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 12 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

17 Specific documentation requirements for flammable and oxidising substances and organic peroxides
  • A person required by regulation 12 or regulation 14 to comply with regulation 16 in relation to a quantity of a flammable substance, an oxidising substance, or an organic peroxide must also provide with the quantity a description of the steps to be taken to control a fire involving the substance, including the types of extinguishant to be used.

    Regulation 17 heading: amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 13 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

18 Location and presentation of documentation
  • Documentation required by regulation 16 or regulation 17 must be provided in accordance with regulation 48 of the Hazardous Substances (Identification) Regulations 2001, and regulation 48 applies with all necessary modifications.

    Regulation 18: substituted, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 14 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

19 Comprehensibility, clarity, and durability
  • [Revoked]

    Regulation 19: revoked, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 15 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

20 Requirements additional to Level 1

Fire extinguishers

21 Fire extinguishers required
  • (1) Every place must have the number of fire extinguishers specified in Schedule 3 if the hazardous substances present, or likely to be present, exceed the quantities in Schedule 3.

    (2) If substances of 2 or more hazard classifications are held in the place, or reasonably likely to be held in it on occasion,—

    • (a) the numbers of fire extinguishers are not cumulative; and

    • (b) it is enough to have the highest of the numbers of fire extinguishers specified for substances of the various classifications.

    (3) References in Schedule 3 to volumes of gaseous hazardous substances must be read as references to volumes of those substances as they would be at—

    • (a) a pressure of 101.3 kPa; and

    • (b) a temperature of 20°C.

    Regulation 21(1): substituted, on 28 August 2003, by regulation 3 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2003 (SR 2003/183).

    Regulation 21(3)(a): amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 16 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

22 Location of fire extinguishers
  • (1) In the case of a motor vehicle transporting hazardous substances, the fire extinguishers required by regulation 21 must be in or on the vehicle.

    (2) In any other case, every fire extinguisher required by regulation 21 must be so located that the distance of travel between it and the substances concerned is no more than 30 metres.

23 Capability of fire extinguishers
  • Each fire extinguisher required by regulation 21 must be able, when used by one person, to put out a fully ignited pool, 50 mm deep and at least 6 m² in area, of a flammable liquid with properties equivalent to those of n-heptane.

    Regulation 23: amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 17 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

24 Information about fires still needed

Part 4
Level 3 emergency management (response plans, secondary containment, and signage)

Duties

25 Duties of persons in charge of places under this Part
  • (1) This regulation applies to a place if—

    • (a) there is held in it, or reasonably likely to be held in it on occasion, an aggregate quantity of hazardous substances of a particular hazard classification greater than the quantity specified in Schedule 4; and

    (2) Subject to regulations 36(3) and 42(2), a person in charge of a place to which this regulation applies must ensure that the requirements of this Part are complied with.

    (3) If the third column of Schedule 4 specifies a weight and a volume as alternative quantities for hazardous substances in gaseous form,—

    • (a) subclause (1) has effect as soon as either quantity of the substances is held or reasonably likely to be held; and

    • (b) the references to a volume of gaseous hazardous substances must be read as references to volumes of those substances as they would be at—

      • (i) a pressure of 101.3 kPa; and

      • (ii) a temperature of 20°C.

    Regulation 25(3)(b)(i): amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 18 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

26 Requirements additional to Levels 1 and 2
  • The requirements of this Part are additional to those of Parts 2 and 3.

Emergency response plans

27 When emergency response plans required
  • A place to which this Part is applied by regulation 25(1) must have in it a single emergency response plan relating to all the hazardous substances held in it or reasonably likely to be held in it on occasion.

28 Plans to warn of likely emergencies
  • An emergency response plan must describe all of the reasonably likely emergencies that may arise from the breach or failure of the controls on hazardous substances of the hazard classifications concerned.

29 Contents of plans
  • An emergency response plan must, for each reasonably likely emergency,—

    • (a) describe the actions to be taken to—

      • (i) warn people at the place, and in surrounding areas that may be adversely affected by the emergency, that an emergency has occurred; and

      • (ii) advise those people about the actions they should take to protect themselves; and

      • (iii) help or treat any person injured in the emergency; and

      • (iv) manage the emergency so that its adverse effects are first restricted to the area initially affected, then as soon as practicable reduced in severity, then if reasonably possible eliminated; and

      • (v) if any of the substances concerned remain, re-establish the controls imposed on it when it was approved; and

    • (b) identify every person with responsibility for undertaking any of the actions described in paragraph (a) (or any part of any of those actions) and give information on—

      • (i) how to contact the person; and

      • (ii) any skills the person is required to have; and

      • (iii) any actions that person is expected to take; and

    • (c) specify—

      • (i) how to obtain information about the hazardous properties of and means of controlling the substance or substances that may be involved; and

      • (ii) actions to be taken to contact any emergency service provider; and

      • (iii) the purpose and location of each item of equipment or material to be used to manage the emergency; and

      • (iv) how to decide which actions to take; and

      • (v) the sequence in which actions should be taken.

30 Extra information required in some cases
  • An emergency response plan—

    • (a) must specify the type and location of the fire extinguishers provided under regulation 21, and any extra firefighting equipment, materials, and systems provided, if any of the reasonably likely emergencies identified in the plan is a fire; and

    • (b) must provide for the retention of any liquid or liquefied oxidising substance or organic peroxide, to prevent its contacting any incompatible substance.

    Regulation 30(a): amended, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 19 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

31 Availability of equipment, materials, and people
  • All equipment and materials described in an emergency response plan, and all responsible people described in an emergency response plan who are on duty, must—

    • (a) be present at the location concerned; or

    • (b) be available to reach the location of the substance within the times specified in the plan; or

    • (c) in the case of a trained person, be available to provide the advice or information specified in the plan within a time specified in the plan.

32 Availability of plans
  • (1) An emergency response plan must be available to every person identified under regulation 29(b) as being responsible for executing the plan or a specific part of it, and to every emergency service provider identified in it.

    (2) The information in an emergency response plan must meet the standards of presentation required by Part 2 of the Hazardous Substances (Identification) Regulations 2001.

33 Testing plans
  • (1) An emergency response plan must be tested at least every 12 months; and the test must demonstrate that every procedure or action in the plan is workable and effective.

    (2) If there is a change to the persons, procedures, or actions specified in an emergency response plan, the plan must be tested within 3 months of the change; and the test must demonstrate that—

    • (a) the changed persons can perform their functions under the plan; and

    • (b) each changed procedure or action is workable and effective.

    (3) The carrying out and the results of every test must be documented; and the documentation must be retained at least 2 years.

34 Plan can be part of other management documentation
  • An emergency response plan can be part of any other management documentation for an emergency whether—

    • (b) undertaken by a person or organisation for some other reason.

Secondary containment

35 Terms used in regulations 36 to 41
  • In this regulation and regulations 36 to 41, unless the context otherwise requires,—

    pooling substance means a hazardous substance that—

    • (a) is a liquid; or

    • (b) is likely to liquify in a fire

    secondary containment system, in relation to a place,—

    • (a) means a system or systems—

      • (i) in which pooling substances held in the place will be contained if they escape from the container or containers in which they are being held; and

      • (ii) from which they can, subject to unavoidable wastage, be recovered; and

    • (b) includes a system or systems that comply with a code of practice approved by the Authority under section 78 of the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996

    total pooling potential, in relation to a place, means the aggregate quantity of all pooling substances held in the place.

    Regulation 35 pooling substance paragraph (a): substituted, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 20(1) of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

    Regulation 35 secondary containment system: substituted, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 20(2) of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

36 Secondary containment systems for pooling substances
  • (1) A place to which regulation 25 applies must have a secondary containment system if the quantity of any pooling substances of a particular hazard classification held in it is equal to or greater than the quantity specified in Schedule 4.

    (2) The system must comply with regulation 37, regulation 38, regulation 39, or regulation 40, depending on—

    • (a) the capacities of the container or containers in which the substances are held; and

    • (b) whether they are held in a place above or below ground.

    (2A) If 2 or more containers of different capacities (as described in regulations 37 to 39) are held at one place, the system must have a capacity of at least the sum of each container category.

    (3) Subclause (1) does not apply to a place that is a vehicle.

    Regulation 36(2A): inserted, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 21 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

37 Surface containers of up to 60 litres
  • If the pooling substances held in a place above ground are in containers each of which has a capacity of 60 litres or less,—

    • (a) if the place's total pooling potential is less than 5 000 litres, the secondary containment system must have a capacity of at least half that total pooling potential:

    • (b) if the place's total pooling potential is 5 000 litres or more, the secondary containment system must have a capacity of the greater of—

      • (i) 2 500 litres; and

      • (ii) a quarter of that total pooling potential.

38 Surface containers of over 60 and up to 450 litres
  • If the pooling substances held in a place above ground are in containers 1 or more of which have a capacity of more than 60 litres but none of which has a capacity of more than 450 litres,—

    • (a) if the place's total pooling potential is less than 5 000 litres, the secondary containment system must have a capacity of at least that total pooling potential:

    • (b) if the place's total pooling potential is 5 000 litres or more, the secondary containment system must have a capacity of the greater of—

      • (i) 5 000 litres; and

      • (ii) half that total pooling potential.

39 Surface containers of over 450 litres
  • (1) If the pooling substances held in a place above ground are in containers 1 or more of which have a capacity of 450 litres or more, the secondary containment system must have a capacity of at least 110% of the capacity of the largest container.

    (2) Subclause (1) applies to a container that is so connected to some other container or containers that leakage from it will cause the other container or containers to empty, as if its capacity is the sum of the capacities of all the connected containers.

40 Below ground containers
  • (1) If the pooling substances held in a place are in 1 or more below ground containers, the secondary containment system must have a capacity at least equal to the total pooling potential.

    (2) In subclause (1), below ground container

    • (a) means a container that is situated below ground; and

    • (b) includes—

      • (i) a container below ground, the level of which has been raised to provide cover for the container; and

      • (ii) a container covered by other incombustible material instead of ground.

    Regulation 40: substituted, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 22 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

41 Particular controls on secondary containment systems
  • There must be instituted or capable of being instituted in or in respect of a secondary containment system required by these regulations, controls that—

    • (a) if explosive substances must be contained, exclude any energy source capable of causing them to explode:

    • (b) if flammable or oxidising substances, or organic peroxides, must be contained, exclude any energy source capable of igniting them or causing them to decompose thermally:

    • (c) if toxic or biological corrosive substances must be contained, prevent people from being directly exposed to them:

    • (d) prevent the substances retained from being contaminated by incompatible substances and materials.

Signage

42 Signage requirements
  • (1) Every place where there is held a quantity of a hazardous substance that is equal to or greater than the quantity specified for hazardous substances of that hazard classification in Schedule 5 must have signage that—

    • (a) advises the action to be taken in an emergency; and

    • (b) meets the requirements of regulations 34 and 35 of the Hazardous Substances (Identification) Regulations 2001.

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to—


Schedule 1
Quantities requiring Level 1 information

rr 6, 7(1)

  • Schedule 1: substituted, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 23 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

Hazard classification Description Quantity

1—All hazard classifications except the following:

  • (a) safety ammunition, including pre-primed cartridges and primers, of class 1.4S; and

  • (b) airbag initiators and seatbelt pretensioners of classes 1.4G and 1.4S; and

  • (d) cable cutters of class 1.4S (UN 0070); and

  • (e) power device cartridges of class 1.4S (UN 0323); and

  • (f) signal or shock tubes of class 1.4S (UN 0349); and

  • (g) cassette degradation devices of class 1.4S (UN 0432); and

  • (h) emergency flares and signalling devices of classes 1.3G, 1.4G, and 1.4S; and

  • (i) model rocket motors of classes 1.4G and 1.4S; and

  • (j) igniting fuzes of class 1.4G (UN 0317); and

  • (k) igniters of class 1.4S (UN 0454).

 gas, liquid, or solid any quantity
2.1.1A non-permanent gas 0.2 kg
  permanent gas 0.2 m3
2.1.1B non-permanent gas 0.5 kg
  permanent gas 0.5 m3
2.1.2A aerosol 1.0 L aggregate water capacity
3.1A liquid 0.5 L
3.1B, 3.1C liquid 1.0 L
3.1D liquid 5.0 L
3.2A, 3.2B, 3.2C liquid 0.2 L
4.1.1A solid 0.5 kg
4.1.1B solid 1.0 kg
4.1.2A, 4.1.2B, 4.1.2C, 4.1.2D, 4.1.2E, 4.1.2F, 4.1.2G liquid 0.2 L
 solid 0.2 kg
4.1.3A, 4.1.3B, 4.1.3C liquid 0.2 L
  solid 0.2 kg
4.2A liquid 0.2 L
  solid 0.2 kg
4.2B solid 0.5 kg
4.2C solid 1.0 kg
4.3A liquid 0.2 L
  solid 0.2 kg
4.3B liquid 0.5 L
  solid 0.5 kg
4.3C liquid 1.0 L
  solid 1.0 kg
5.1.1A liquid 0.2 L
  solid 0.2 kg
5.1.1B liquid 0.5 L
  solid 0.5 kg
5.1.1C liquid 1.0 L
  solid 1.0 kg
5.1.2A non-permanent gas 1.0 kg
  permanent gas 1.0 m3
5.2A, 5.2B, 5.2C, 5.2D liquid 0.1 L
  solid 0.1 kg
5.2E, 5.2F liquid 0.5 L
  solid 0.5 kg
5.2G liquid 5.0 L
  solid 5.0 kg
6.1A, 6.1B, 6.1C gas, liquid, or solid any quantity
6.1D, 6.3A, 6.4A non-permanent gas 0.1 kg
  permanent gas 0.1 m3
  liquid 0.1 L
  solid 0.1 kg
6.1E, 6.3B, 6.5A, 6.5B liquid 1.0 L
  solid 1.0 kg
8.1A, 8.2B gas, liquid, or solid any quantity
8.2C, 8.3A non-permanent gas 0.1 kg
  permanent gas 0.1 m3
  liquid 0.1 L
  solid 0.1 kg
9.1A, 9.2A, 9.3A, 9.4A liquid 0.1 L
  solid 0.1 kg
9.1B, 9.2B, 9.3B, 9.4B liquid 0.2 L
  solid 0.2 kg
9.1C, 9.1D, 9.2C, 9.2D, 9.3C, 9.4C liquid 1.0 L
  solid 1.0 kg
(All liquid volumes measured at 20°C)

Schedule 2
Quantities requiring Level 2 documentation

rr 12, 14(1)

  • Schedule 2: substituted, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 23 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

Hazard classification Description Quantity

The following class 1:

  • (a) airbag initiators and seatbelt pretensioners of classes 1.4G or 1.4S; and

  • (b) cable cutters of class 1.4S (UN 0070); and

  • (c) power device cartridges of class 1.4S (UN 0323); and

  • (d) signal or shock tubes of class 1.4S (UN 0349); and

  • (e) cassette degradation devices of class 1.4S (UN 0432); and

  • (f) emergency flares and signalling devices of classes 1.3G, 1.4G, and 1.4S; and

  • (g) model rocket motors of class 1.4G and 1.4S; and

  • (h) igniting fuzes of class 1.4G (UN 0317); and

  • (i) igniters of class 1.4S (UN 0454).

 gas, liquid, or solid 5 kg (gross weight) per package

The rest of class 1 except—

  • (b) safety ammunition, including pre-primed cartridges and primers, of class 1.4S.

 gas, liquid, or solid any quantity
2.1.1A non-permanent gas 0.2 kg
  permanent gas 0.2 m3
2.1.1B non-permanent gas 0.5 kg
  permanent gas 0.5 m3
2.1.2A aerosol 1.0 L aggregate water capacity
3.1A liquid 0.5 L
3.1B liquid 1.0 L
3.1C liquid 5.0 L
3.1D liquid 50 L
3.2A, 3.2B, 3.2C liquid any quantity
4.1.1A solid 0.5 kg
4.1.1B solid 3.0 kg
4.1.2A, 4.1.2B, 4.1.2C, 4.1.2D, 4.1.2E, 4.1.2F, 4.1.2G liquid or solid any quantity
4.1.3A, 4.1.3B, 4.1.3C liquid or solid any quantity
4.2A liquid or solid any quantity
4.2B solid 0.5 kg
4.2C solid 3.0 kg
4.3A liquid or solid any quantity
4.3B liquid 0.5 L
  solid 0.5 kg
4.3C liquid 1.0 L
  solid 1.0 kg
5.1.1A liquid or solid any quantity
5.1.1B liquid 0.5 L
  solid 0.5 kg
5.1.1C liquid 1.0 L
  solid 1.0 kg
5.1.2A non-permanent gas 1.0 kg
  permanent gas 1.0 m3
5.2A liquid or solid any quantity
5.2B, 5.2C, 5.2D, 5.2E, 5.2F—if substance needs temperature control under the Hazardous Substances (Classes 1 to 5 Controls) Regulations 2001 liquid or solid any quantity
5.2B, 5.2C—if substance does not need temperature control under the Hazardous Substances (Classes 1 to 5 Controls) Regulations 2001 liquid 25 mL
 solid 0.1 kg
5.2D, 5.2E, 5.2F—if substance does not need temperature control under the Hazardous Substances (Classes 1 to 5 Controls) Regulations 2001 liquid 125 mL
 solid 0.5 kg
5.2G liquid 50 L
  solid 50 kg
6.1A, 6.1B gas, liquid, or solid any quantity
6.1C, 6.6A, 6.7A, 6.8A, 6.9A non-permanent gas 0.1 kg
  permanent gas 0.1 m3
  liquid 0.1 L
  solid 0.5 kg
6.1D, 6.5A, 6.5B, 6.6B, 6.7B, 6.8B, 6.8C, 6.9B non-permanent gas 1.0 kg
 permanent gas 1.0 m3
  liquid 1.0 L
  solid 3.0 kg
6.1E, 6.3A, 6.3B, 6.4A liquid 50 L
  solid 50 kg
8.2A gas, liquid, or solid any quantity
8.2B non-permanent gas 0.5 kg
  permanent gas 0.5 m3
  liquid 0.5 L
  solid 1.0 kg
8.1A, 8.2C, 8.3A non-permanent gas 1.0 kg
  permanent gas 1.0 m3
  liquid 1.0 L
  solid 2.0 kg
9.1A, 9.1B, 9.1C, 9.2A, 9.2B, 9.2C, 9.3A, 9.3B, 9.3C, 9.4A, 9.4B, 9.4C liquid 5.0 L
 solid 5.0 kg
9.1D, 9.2D liquid 50 L
  solid 50 kg
(All liquid volumes measured at 20°C)

Schedule 3
Quantities requiring fire extinguishers

r 21(1)

  • Schedule 3: substituted, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 23 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

Hazard classification Description Quantity No
1.1A, 1.1B, 1.2B solid 1 kg 1
1.1C, 1.1D, 1.1E, 1.1F, 1.1G, 1.1J, 1.1L, 1.2C, 1.2D, 1.2E, 1.2F, 1.2G, 1.2H, 1.2J, 1.2K, 1.2L, 1.3C, 1.3F, 1.3G, 1.3H, 1.3J, 1.3K, 1.3L liquid 25 L 1
 solid 25 kg  
1.4B, 1.4C, 1.4D, 1.4E, 1.4F, 1.4G, 1.4S, 1.5D, 1.6N solid 50 kg 1
Fireworks subject to the Hazardous Substances (Fireworks) Regulations 2001 solid 300 kg (gross weight) 1
Safety ammunition, including pre-primed cartridges and primers, of class 1.4S solid 500 kg (gross weight) 1
2.1.1A non-permanent gas 50 kg 1
  permanent gas 30 m3  
2.1.1B non-permanent gas 200 kg 2
  permanent gas 120 m3  
2.1.2A aerosol 3 000 L aggregate water capacity 1
3.1A liquid 50 L 1
    200 L 2
3.1B liquid 250 L 2
3.1C, 3.1D liquid 500 L 2
3.2A, 3.2B, 3.2C liquid 50 L 1
    200 L 2
4.1.1A solid 250 kg 2
4.1.1B solid 500 kg 2
4.1.2A, 4.1.2B, 4.1.2C, 4.1.2D, 4.1.2E, 4.1.2F, 4.1.2G liquid 50 L 1
   200 L 2
 solid 50 kg 1
   200 kg 2
4.1.3A, 4.1.3B, 4.1.3C liquid 50 L 1
    200 L 2
  solid 50 kg 1
    200 kg 2
4.2A liquid 50 L 1
    200 L 2
  solid 50 kg 1
    200 kg 2
4.2B solid 250 kg 2
4.2C solid 500 kg 2
4.3A liquid 50 L 1
    200 L 2
  solid 50 kg 1
    200 kg 2
4.3B liquid 250 L 2
  solid 250 kg  
4.3C liquid 500 L 2
  solid 500 kg  
5.1.1A liquid 5 L 1
  solid 5 kg  
5.1.1B liquid 200 L 1
  solid 200 kg  
5.1.1C liquid 500 L 2
  solid 500 kg  
5.1.2A non-permanent gas 10 kg 1
    50 kg 2
  permanent gas 10 m3 1
    50 m3 2
5.2A, 5.2B liquid 1 L 1
  solid 1 kg  
5.2C, 5.2D liquid 10 L 1
  solid 10 kg  
5.2E, 5.2F liquid 50 L 1
  solid 50 kg  

Schedule 4
Threshold quantities for Level 3

r 25(1)

  • Schedule 4: substituted, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 23 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

Hazard classification Description Quantity
1.1A, 1.1B, 1.1C, 1.1D, 1.1E, 1.1F, 1.1G, 1.1J, 1.1L, 1.2B, 1.2C, 1.2D, 1.2E, 1.2F, 1.2G, 1.2H, 1.2J, 1.2K, 1.2L liquid 50 L
 solid 50 kg
1.3C, 1.3F, 1.3G, 1.3H, 1.3J, 1.3K, 1.3L liquid 100 L
 solid 100 kg

1.4B, 1.4C, 1.4D, 1.4E, 1.4F, 1.4G, 1.4S, 1.5D, 1.6N, except the following:

  • (b) safety ammunition, including pre-primed cartridges and primers, of class 1.4S; and

  • (c) airbag initiators and seatbelt pretensioners of classes 1.4G and 1.4S; and

  • (d) cable cutters of class 1.4S (UN 0070); and

  • (e) power device cartridges of class 1.4S (UN 0323); and

  • (f) signal or shock tubes of class 1.4S (UN 0349); and

  • (g) cassette degradation devices of class 1.4S (UN 0432); and

  • (h) emergency flares and signalling devices of classes 1.3G, 1.4G, and 1.4S.

 liquid 200 L
 solid 200 kg
2.1.1A non-permanent gas 300 kg
  permanent gas 200 m3
2.1.1B non-permanent gas 1 000 kg
  permanent gas 600 m3
2.1.2A aerosol 3 000 L aggregate water capacity
3.1A liquid 100 L
3.1B liquid 1 000 L
3.1C, 3.1D liquid 10 000 L
3.2A, 3.2B, 3.2C liquid 100 L
4.1.1A solid 1 000 kg
4.1.1B solid 10 000 kg
4.1.2A, 4.1.2B liquid 50 L
  solid 50 kg
4.1.2C, 4.1.2D liquid 100 L
  solid 100 kg
4.1.2E, 4.1.2F, 4.1.2G liquid 200 L
  solid 200 kg
4.1.3A, 4.1.3B, 4.1.3C liquid 100 L
  solid 100 kg
4.2A liquid 100 L
  solid 100 kg
4.2B solid 1 000 kg
4.2C solid 10 000 kg
4.3A liquid 100 L
  solid 100 kg
4.3B liquid 1 000 L
  solid 1 000 kg
4.3C liquid 10 000 L
  solid 10 000 kg
5.1.1A liquid 50 L
  solid 50 kg
5.1.1B liquid 500 L
  solid 500 kg
5.1.1C liquid 5 000 L
  solid 5 000 kg
5.1.2A non-permanent gas 100 kg
  permanent gas 100 m3
5.2A, 5.2B liquid 10 L
  solid 10 kg
5.2C, 5.2D liquid 25 L
  solid 25 kg
5.2E, 5.2F liquid 100 L
  solid 100 kg
6.1A, 6.1B, 6.1C non-permanent gas 5 kg
  permanent gas 2.5 m3
  liquid 100 L
  solid 100 kg
6.1D, 6.5A, 6.5B, 6.7A non-permanent gas 50 kg
  permanent gas 25 m3
  liquid 1 000 L
  solid 1 000 kg
6.6A, 6.7B, 6.8A, 6.9A liquid 10 000 L
  solid 10 000 kg
8.2A non-permanent gas 5 kg
  permanent gas 2.5 m3
  liquid 100 L
  solid 100 kg
8.2B non-permanent gas 50 kg
  permanent gas 25 m3
  liquid 1 000 L
  solid 1 000 kg
8.2C, 8.3A liquid 10 000 L
  solid 10 000 kg
9.1A liquid 100 L
  solid 100 kg
9.1B, 9.1C liquid 1 000 L
  solid 1 000 kg
9.1D liquid 10 000 L
  solid 10 000 kg

Schedule 5
Quantities requiring signage

r 42

  • Schedule 5: substituted, on 26 March 2004, by regulation 23 of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Amendment Regulations 2004 (SR 2004/44).

Hazard classification Description Quantity
1 Fireworks subject to the Hazardous Substances (Fireworks) Regulations 2001 1 000 kg (gross weight)
  Safety ammunition, including pre-primed cartridges and primers, of class 1.4S 10 000 kg (gross weight)
  Airbag initiators and seatbelt pretensioners of class 1.4G and 1.4S 5 000 kg (gross weight)
  Cable cutters of class 1.4S (UN 0070) 5 000 kg (gross weight)
  Power device cartridges of class 1.4S (UN 0323) 5 000 kg (gross weight)
  Signal or shock tubes of class 1.4S (UN 0349) 5 000 kg (gross weight)
  Cassette degradation devices of class 1.4S (UN 0432) 5 000 kg (gross weight)
  Propellants of class 1.1C (UN 0160) and 1.3C (UN 0161 and UN 0499), gun-powder of class 1.1D (UN 0027), and substances of classes 1.3G, 1.4G, and 1.4S not listed above 50 kg
  All remaining explosive hazardous classifications any quantity
2.1.1A non-permanent gas 250 kg
  permanent gas 100 m3
2.1.1B non-permanent gas 500 kg
  permanent gas 200 m3
2.1.2A aerosol 3 000 L aggregate water capacity
3.1A, 3.2A, 4.1.3A, 4.2A, 4.3A liquid 50 L
 solid 50 kg
3.1B, 3.2B, 4.1.3B, 4.2B, 4.3B liquid 250 L
 solid 250 kg
3.1C, 3.2C, 4.1.3C, 4.2C, 4.3C liquid 1 000 L
 solid 1 000 kg
3.1D liquid 10 000 L
4.1.1A solid 250 kg
4.1.1B solid 1 000 kg
4.1.2A, 4.1.2B liquid 50 L
  solid 50 kg
4.1.2C, 4.1.2D liquid 250 L
  solid 250 kg
4.1.2E, 4.1.2F, 4.1.2G liquid 1 000 L
 solid 1 000 kg
5.1.1A liquid 50 L
  solid 50 kg
5.1.1B liquid 500 L
  solid 500 kg
5.1.1C liquid 1 000 L
  solid 1 000 kg
5.1.2A non-permanent gas 250 kg
  permanent gas 500 m3
5.2A, 5.2B liquid 1 L
  solid 1 kg
5.2C, 5.2D, 5.2E, 5.2F liquid 10 L
 solid 10 kg
6.1A liquid 50 L
  solid 50 kg
6.1B liquid 250 L
  solid 250 kg
6.1C liquid 1 000 L
  solid 1 000 kg
6.1D liquid 10 000 L
  solid 10 000 kg
6.1A, 6.1B, 6.1C non-permanent gas 5 kg
  permanent gas 2.5 m3
8.1A liquid 1 000 L
  solid 1 000 kg
8.2A non-permanent gas 5 kg
  permanent gas 2.5 m3
  liquid 50 L
  solid 50 kg
8.2B non-permanent gas 50 kg
  permanent gas 25 m3
  liquid 250 L
  solid 250 kg
8.2C, 8.3A liquid 1 000 L
  solid 1 000 kg
9.1A, 9.2A, 9.3A, 9.4A liquid 100 L
 solid 100 kg
9.1B, 9.1C, 9.2B, 9.2C, 9.3B, 9.4B, 9.4C liquid 1 000 L
 solid 1 000 kg
9.1D, 9.2D, 9.3C liquid 10 000 L
  solid 10 000 kg

Martin Bell,
Acting for Clerk of the Executive Council.


Issued under the authority of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989.

Date of notification in Gazette: 31 May 2001.


Contents

  • 1General

  • 2Status of reprints

  • 3How reprints are prepared

  • 4Changes made under section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989

  • 5List of amendments incorporated in this reprint (most recent first)


Notes
1 General
  • This is a reprint of the Hazardous Substances (Emergency Management) Regulations 2001. The reprint incorporates all the amendments to the regulations as at 1 July 2011, as specified in the list of amendments at the end of these notes.

    Relevant provisions of any amending enactments that contain transitional, savings, or application provisions that cannot be compiled in the reprint are also included, after the principal enactment, in chronological order. For more information, see http://www.pco.parliament.govt.nz/reprints/ .

2 Status of reprints
  • Under section 16D of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989, reprints are presumed to correctly state, as at the date of the reprint, the law enacted by the principal enactment and by the amendments to that enactment. This presumption applies even though editorial changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in the reprint.

    This presumption may be rebutted by producing the official volumes of statutes or statutory regulations in which the principal enactment and its amendments are contained.

3 How reprints are prepared
  • A number of editorial conventions are followed in the preparation of reprints. For example, the enacting words are not included in Acts, and provisions that are repealed or revoked are omitted. For a detailed list of the editorial conventions, see http://www.pco.parliament.govt.nz/editorial-conventions/ or Part 8 of the Tables of New Zealand Acts and Ordinances and Statutory Regulations and Deemed Regulations in Force.

4 Changes made under section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989
  • Section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 authorises the making of editorial changes in a reprint as set out in sections 17D and 17E of that Act so that, to the extent permitted, the format and style of the reprinted enactment is consistent with current legislative drafting practice. Changes that would alter the effect of the legislation are not permitted.

    A new format of legislation was introduced on 1 January 2000. Changes to legislative drafting style have also been made since 1997, and are ongoing. To the extent permitted by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989, all legislation reprinted after 1 January 2000 is in the new format for legislation and reflects current drafting practice at the time of the reprint.

    In outline, the editorial changes made in reprints under the authority of section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 are set out below, and they have been applied, where relevant, in the preparation of this reprint:

    • omission of unnecessary referential words (such as of this section and of this Act)

    • typeface and type size (Times Roman, generally in 11.5 point)

    • layout of provisions, including:

      • indentation

      • position of section headings (eg, the number and heading now appear above the section)

    • format of definitions (eg, the defined term now appears in bold type, without quotation marks)

    • format of dates (eg, a date formerly expressed as the 1st day of January 1999 is now expressed as 1 January 1999)

    • position of the date of assent (it now appears on the front page of each Act)

    • punctuation (eg, colons are not used after definitions)

    • Parts numbered with roman numerals are replaced with arabic numerals, and all cross-references are changed accordingly

    • case and appearance of letters and words, including:

      • format of headings (eg, headings where each word formerly appeared with an initial capital letter followed by small capital letters are amended so that the heading appears in bold, with only the first word (and any proper nouns) appearing with an initial capital letter)

      • small capital letters in section and subsection references are now capital letters

    • schedules are renumbered (eg, Schedule 1 replaces First Schedule), and all cross-references are changed accordingly

    • running heads (the information that appears at the top of each page)

    • format of two-column schedules of consequential amendments, and schedules of repeals (eg, they are rearranged into alphabetical order, rather than chronological).

5 List of amendments incorporated in this reprint (most recent first)