Imports and Exports (Living Modified Organisms) Prohibition Order 2005

Reprint as at 1 October 2018

Coat of Arms of New Zealand

Imports and Exports (Living Modified Organisms) Prohibition Order 2005

(SR 2005/12)

Silvia Cartwright, Governor-General

Order in Council

At Wellington this 7th day of February 2005

Present:
Her Excellency the Governor-General in Council

Note

Changes authorised by subpart 2 of Part 2 of the Legislation Act 2012 have been made in this official reprint.

Note 4 at the end of this reprint provides a list of the amendments incorporated.

This order is administered by the Ministry of Business, Innovation, and Employment.

Pursuant to section 3A(1) of the Imports and Exports (Restrictions) Act 1988, Her Excellency the Governor-General, acting on the advice and with the consent of the Executive Council, makes the following order.

Order

1 Title

This order is the Imports and Exports (Living Modified Organisms) Prohibition Order 2005.

2 Commencement

This order comes into force on 25 May 2005.

3 Interpretation

In this order, unless the context otherwise requires,—

Conference decision means a decision of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Protocol

contained use means any operation, undertaken within a facility, installation, or other physical structure, that involves living modified organisms that are controlled by specific measures that effectively limit their contact with, and their impact on, the external environment

Convention means the Convention on Biological Diversity, done at Rio de Janiero on 5 June 1992; and includes the Annexes to the Convention, and any amendments to, or substitutions of, those documents that are or will become binding on New Zealand

craft has the same meaning as in section 5(1) of the Customs and Excise Act 2018

exportation means any shipment in any craft for transportation to a point outside New Zealand; and export and exported have corresponding meanings

exporter means a person for whom, or by whom, living modified organisms are exported, and includes a person who is or becomes the owner of or entitled to possession of or is beneficially interested in living modified organisms on or at any time after entry for export and before they are exported

importing country means the country that receives the living modified organism exported from New Zealand, but does not include countries of transit

living modified organism means any living organism that possesses a novel combination of genetic material obtained through the use of modern biotechnology

living organism means any biological entity capable of transferring or replicating genetic material, including sterile organisms, viruses, and viroids

Minister has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996

modern biotechnology means the application of—

(a)

in vitro nucleic acid techniques, including recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and direct injection of nucleic acid into cells or organelles; or

(b)

fusion of cells beyond the taxonomic family,—

that overcome natural physiological reproductive or recombination barriers and that are not techniques used in traditional breeding and selection

Protocol means the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention, done at Montreal on 29 January 2000, and amendments to, or substitution of, those documents that are or will become binding on New Zealand

shipment has the same meaning as in section 5(1) of the Customs and Excise Act 2018.

Clause 3 craft: amended, on 1 October 2018, by section 443(4) of the Customs and Excise Act 2018 (2018 No 4).

Clause 3 shipment: amended, on 1 October 2018, by section 443(4) of the Customs and Excise Act 2018 (2018 No 4).

4 Exports of living modified organisms

The exportation of living modified organisms is prohibited, except as provided in clauses 5 to 8.

5 When living modified organism that is pharmaceutical for humans may be exported

(1)

A living modified organism that is a pharmaceutical for humans and that is addressed by relevant international agreements or organisations other than the Protocol may be exported.

(2)

Otherwise, a living modified organism that is a pharmaceutical for humans may be exported only if it falls within a category of exportation to which clauses 6 to 8 apply, and the requirements of the relevant clause or clauses have been met.

6 When living modified organism intended for contained use may be exported

(1)

A living modified organism that is intended for contained use may be exported if the Minister has consented to its exportation.

(2)

The Minister may consent to the exportation if the Minister is satisfied that the living modified organism is—

(a)

handled, packaged, and transported under conditions of safety and according to relevant international rules and standards; and

(b)

accompanied by documentation in conformity with New Zealand’s obligations under the Protocol; and

(c)

otherwise exported in conformity with New Zealand’s obligations under the Protocol.

7 When living modified organism intended for direct use as food or feed, or for processing, may be exported

(1)

A living modified organism intended for direct use as food or feed, or for processing, may be exported if the Minister has consented to the exportation.

(2)

Subject to subclause (3), the Minister may consent to the exportation if the Minister is satisfied that the living modified organism is—

(a)

handled, packaged, and transported under conditions of safety and according to relevant international rules and standards; and

(b)

accompanied by documentation in conformity with New Zealand’s obligations under the Protocol; and

(c)

otherwise exported in conformity with New Zealand’s obligations under the Protocol.

(3)

If the living modified organism is being exported for the first time into the importing country, the Minister may only consent if the following additional requirements are also satisfied:

(a)

if the importing country is a Party to the Protocol, the requirements of Article 11 of the Protocol have been complied with; and

(b)

the exporter complies with any conditions or requirements imposed by the importing country that are consistent with the Protocol or other relevant international instruments.

8 When living modified organism intended for intentional introduction into environment may be exported

(1)

A living modified organism intended for intentional introduction into the environment of the importing country may be exported if the Minister has consented to the exportation.

(2)

Subject to subclause (3), the Minister may consent to the exportation if the Minister is satisfied that the living modified organism is—

(a)

handled, packaged, and transported under conditions of safety and according to relevant international rules and standards; and

(b)

accompanied by documentation in conformity with New Zealand’s obligations under the Protocol; and

(c)

otherwise exported in conformity with New Zealand’s obligations under the Protocol.

(3)

If the living modified organism is being exported for the first time into the importing country, the Minister may only consent if the following additional requirements are also satisfied:

(a)

if the importing country is a Party to the Protocol, the advance informed agreement procedure in Articles 8, 9, 10, and 12 of the Protocol have been complied with; and

(b)

the exporter has complied with any conditions or requirements imposed by the importing country that are consistent with the Protocol or other relevant international instruments.

(4)

Subclause (3)(a) does not apply if the living modified organism has been identified in a Conference decision as being not likely to have adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health.

9 Separate consents required for exportation of living modified organism that falls into more than 1 category of exportation

If the exportation of a living modified organism falls into more than 1 of the categories of exportation to which clauses 6 to 8 apply, the separate consent of the Minister must be obtained for each category of exportation.

Diane Morcom,
Clerk of the Executive Council.

Issued under the authority of the Legislation Act 2012.

Date of notification in Gazette: 10 February 2005.

Reprints notes
1 General

This is a reprint of the Imports and Exports (Living Modified Organisms) Prohibition Order 2005 that incorporates all the amendments to that order as at the date of the last amendment to it.

2 Legal status

Reprints are presumed to correctly state, as at the date of the reprint, the law enacted by the principal enactment and by any amendments to that enactment. Section 18 of the Legislation Act 2012 provides that this reprint, published in electronic form, has the status of an official version under section 17 of that Act. A printed version of the reprint produced directly from this official electronic version also has official status.

3 Editorial and format changes

Editorial and format changes to reprints are made using the powers under sections 24 to 26 of the Legislation Act 2012. See also http://www.pco.parliament.govt.nz/editorial-conventions/.

4 Amendments incorporated in this reprint

Customs and Excise Act 2018 (2018 No 4): section 443(4)