This note is not part of the order, but is intended to indicate its general effect.
This order, which comes into force on 25 January 2006, sets the boundaries of the exclusive economic zone between New Zealand and Australia in those areas where the exclusive economic zones of the 2 countries would otherwise overlap. The order gives effect to provisions of a treaty with Australia concluded on 25 July 2004.
The exclusive economic zone is the marine area beyond the territorial sea over which a coastal State has the exclusive right to control fishing and other activities. Generally, the limit of the exclusive economic zone is 200 nautical miles from the coastline. The exclusive economic zones of New Zealand and Australia overlap in 2 areas: between the Three Kings Islands (New Zealand) and Norfolk Island (Australia), and also between Auckland and Campbell Islands (New Zealand) and Macquarie Island (Australia). The order defines the actual boundary line in those 2 areas.