Electricity (Safety) Regulations 2010

Definitions

4 Interpretation

(1)

In these regulations, unless the context otherwise requires,—

AC means alternating current

accredited auditor means any of the following bodies:

(a)

a body accredited by either of the following to assess an organisation’s compliance with these regulations and safety management systems generally:

(i)

the Joint Accreditation System of Australia and New Zealand:

(ii)

a signatory to the International Accreditation Forum multilateral recognition arrangement for management systems:

(b)

a body approved, by or under an international agreement between New Zealand and another country that does not have a national accreditation body that is a signatory to the International Accreditation Forum multilateral recognition arrangement for management systems, to assess an organisation’s compliance with these regulations and safety management systems generally

Act means the Electricity Act 1992

alluvial mine operator has the meaning given to it in regulations made under the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015

alluvial mining operation has the meaning given to it in clause 1 of Schedule 3 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015

appliance means an electrical appliance as defined in section 2(1) of the Act

audited safety management system means a safety management system for which an audit certificate has been issued under regulation 52 and not cancelled under regulation 54

caravan park means an area of land—

(a)

that is used, or intended to be used, to site 2 or more vehicles or relocatable buildings that contain connectable installations; and

(b)

on which are installed fittings to supply electricity to those installations

CCC marks means marks required by the Conformity Cooperation Agreement to be put on fittings and appliances

certificate of compliance means a certificate, issued under regulation 65, regarding the lawfulness and safety of prescribed electrical work done on an installation or part installation

certified design means a design for an installation that has been certified in accordance with regulation 58

conductor means a wire, cable, bar, or tube, used or placed in position for the conveyance of electricity; but does not include the wire of an electric fence

Conformity Cooperation Agreement means the Agreement between the Government of New Zealand and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on Cooperation in the Field of Conformity Assessment in Relation to Electrical and Electronic Equipment and Components (which is Annex 14 of the Free Trade Agreement between the Government of New Zealand and the Government of the People’s Republic of China done at Beijing on 7 April 2008), and includes—

(a)

any amendments made to, and in accordance with, the Agreement; and

(b)

any rules or standards that are applied by or to the Agreement, in accordance with the Agreement

dangers includes dangers such as, or associated with, electric shock, fire, burns, mechanical injury, toxicity, and radiation

DC means direct current

earthed means effectively connected to the general mass of earth

EESS means the harmonised Australian/New Zealand Electrical Equipment Safety System

EESS law means,—

(a)

in relation to Queensland, Part 2A of the Electrical Safety Act 2002 (Qld):

(b)

in relation to Tasmania, the Electricity Industry Safety and Administration Act 1997 (Tas):

(c)

in relation to any other Australian state, any legislation that gives effect to the EESS

electric line means all conductors (including fittings supporting, or connected to, those conductors), whether above or below ground, that are used or intended to be used in, or in connection with, the supply of electricity from the outgoing terminals of a generating station, a building, enclosure, or other structure to—

(a)

the incoming terminals of another building, enclosure, or other structure; or

(b)

an appliance, in any case where the appliance is supplied with electricity other than from a terminal in a building, enclosure, or other structure

electrical medical device means a medical device (as defined in section 3A of the Medicines Act 1981), other than an implant, that is supplied with electricity

electrical safety certificate means a certificate, issued under regulation 74A, regarding the electrical safety of an installation or part installation that is connected to a power supply

electrically safe and electrically unsafe have the meanings set out in regulation 5

ERZ0 has the meaning given to it in regulations made under the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015

ERZ1 has the meaning given to it in regulations made under the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015

extra-low voltage means any voltage normally not exceeding 50 volts AC or 120 volts ripple-free DC

general body concentration, in relation to methane, means the concentration of methane in the relevant area expressed as a percentage of volume

general prescribed electrical work has the meaning set out in regulation 6A(3)

generating station means those parts of works that are used principally for the generation of electricity

hazardous area means an area in which an explosive atmosphere is present, in quantities that require special precautions for the construction, installation, and use of electrical equipment

high-risk prescribed electrical work has the meaning set out in regulation 6A(2)

high voltage means voltage exceeding 1 000 volts AC or 1 500 volts ripple-free DC

IEC shock current standard means the shock current standards set out in regulation 8

install, in relation to an installation, includes to construct, alter, relocate, or add to the whole or any part of the installation

installation means an electrical installation as defined in section 2(1) of the Act, and part installation means any part of an installation

insulated, in relation to conductors and other fittings, means that the conductors or fittings are covered with insulation in such a manner that a person may safely handle them when they are live

integral plug device means—

(a)

an appliance that incorporates pins that can be inserted into a socket-outlet for the purpose of connecting that appliance to a supply of electricity; and

(b)

includes a power pack

level 1 penalty has the meaning set out in regulation 10(1)

level 2 penalty has the meaning set out in regulation 10(2)

live means charged with electricity so that a difference in voltage exists to earth or between conductors

live conductor means a conductor that is—

(a)

charged with electricity so that a difference in voltage exists to earth or between conductors; or

(b)

a neutral conductor

location, for the purpose of identifying on a certified design, certificate of compliance, or electrical safety certificate the location of an installation or part installation, has the meaning set out in regulation 74I

low-risk prescribed electrical work has the meaning set out in regulation 6A(1)

low voltage,—

(a)

in relation to mining electrical equipment, means any voltage exceeding 50 volts AC or 120 volts ripple-free DC but not exceeding 1 200 volts AC or 1 500 volts ripple-free DC; and

(b)

in all other cases, means any voltage exceeding 50 volts AC or 120 volts ripple-free DC but not exceeding 1 000 volts AC or 1 500 volts ripple-free DC

low voltage works means works that are supplied or operate, or are intended to operate, at low voltage

main earthing system means an earthing system of an installation that—

(a)

operates at standard low voltage; and

(b)

comprises an earth electrode, an earthing conductor that is connected between that earth electrode and a MEN switchboard, and a removable link between the neutral and earth conductors within that MEN switchboard

main switchboard, in relation to an installation, means the switchboard that is used by the consumer to provide the greatest degree of control of the supply of electricity to that installation

mains means those fittings forming part of an installation that are used for the supply of electricity to the MEN switchboard of the installation that is closest to the point of supply

mains parallel generation system means fittings that—

(a)

are used or intended for use by any person in, or in connection with, the generation of electricity for that person’s use; and

(b)

are capable of supplying electricity to fittings that, at the same time, are supplied with electricity from other systems of electrical supply

mains work

(a)

means any of the following:

(i)

work on mains (including connecting the conductors of mains at a MEN switchboard):

(ii)

work on main earthing systems (including connecting the conductors of main earthing systems at a MEN switchboard):

(iii)

work on the connection between earth and neutral made by the removable link within the MEN switchboard closest to the point of supply; but

(b)

does not include—

(i)

work on fittings that are used or intended for use by any person in, or in connection with, the generation of electricity for that person’s use and not for supply to any other person; or

(ii)

work that is limited to removing or replacing the removable link within a MEN switchboard for the purposes of testing; or

(iii)

the installation of a revenue meter, but only if the work cannot affect the integrity of the neutral or result in the transposition of the neutral and any active conductor

maintenance includes repair

medical location means a patient treatment area or other place labelled or specifically set aside to be used to undertake patient treatment

MEN switchboard means a switchboard that has a connection to an earth electrode via an earthing conductor, and a connection between earth and neutral made by a removable link, for the purposes of creating a MEN system

MEN system means the Multiple Earthed Neutral system, which is a New Zealand variant of the internationally defined TNC system of supply of electricity in which the neutral is connected to earth—

(a)

at the source of supply (being either the generating station or the substation from which electricity, at the voltage at which it is delivered to the consumer, is derived); and

(b)

at points on the supply system; and

(c)

at every installation connected to that system

mine operator has the meaning given to it in clause 1 of Schedule 3 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015

mining electrical equipment means fittings and appliances (including cables) used or installed at an alluvial mining operation, a mining operation, or a quarrying operation in connection with—

(a)

any activity described in clause 2(a) and (b), 3(1)(a), or 4(a) of Schedule 3 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015:

(b)

the extraction of gold or ironsand

mining operation has the meaning given to it in clause 2 of Schedule 3 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015

mobile medical facility means a vehicle or relocatable building containing 1 or more connectable installations that are used for patient treatment

mobile mining electrical equipment

(a)

means mining electrical equipment that is designed to be moved while it is connected to or powered by an electricity supply (whether or not the equipment needs or uses electricity in order to move); and

(b)

may include hand-held equipment

opencast mining operation means an opencast coal mining operation or an opencast metalliferous mining operation as those terms are defined in regulations made under the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015

patient treatment means the diagnosis, treatment, prevention, monitoring, or alleviation of a medical or dental condition, or of a disability, in humans

personal protective equipment means items of apparel and equipment worn by a person that are intended either to prevent the occurrence of harm to the person or to minimise any dangers that may occur from hazards that are present in the workplace or hazards that may arise in the course of work

plug means any device, other than a bolted coupler or a restrained coupler, that is or can be plugged directly into a socket-outlet for the purpose of connecting an appliance or a fitting to a supply of electricity

prescribed electrical work has the meaning given in regulation 6 (which refers to the detailed description in Schedule 1)

quarry operator has the meaning given to it in regulations made under the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015

quarrying operation has the meaning given to it in clause 3 of Schedule 3 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015

RCD, or residual current device, means a device for isolating supply to protected circuits, socket-outlets, or appliances in the event of a current flow to earth that exceeds a predetermined level

reduced low-voltage system means—

(a)

a single-phase system in which—

(i)

the nominal line-to-line voltage does not exceed 110 volts AC; and

(ii)

the nominal line-to-earth voltage does not exceed 55 volts AC; and

(iii)

all exposed conductive parts are connected to the protective conductor; or

(b)

a three-phase system in which—

(i)

the nominal line-to-line voltage does not exceed 110 volts AC; and

(ii)

the nominal line-to-earth voltage does not exceed 63.5 volts AC; and

(iii)

all exposed conductive parts are connected to the protective conductor

registered EESS product means a fitting or an appliance that is—

(a)

classified as level 2 or 3 equipment under any EESS law; and

(b)

registered in respect of the relevant registered EESS supplier on a database established under any EESS law

registered EESS supplier means a person registered under any EESS law as a responsible supplier

relocatable mining electrical equipment means mining electrical equipment that is capable of being moved, but not while it is connected to an electricity supply

revenue meter includes all associated fittings, such as load control fittings

safety-critical equipment, in relation to mining electrical equipment, means any or all of the following:

(a)

signalling and communication systems:

(b)

environmental monitoring systems:

(c)

gas monitors:

(d)

equipment designed or used for rescue and emergency purposes

safety management system means a system that is implemented by a safety management system operator for the purpose of ensuring, so far as is reasonably practicable, that an electricity supply system (as defined in section 61A(2) of the Act) or other works is prevented from presenting a significant risk of—

(a)

serious harm to any member of the public; or

(b)

significant damage to property owned by a person other than the safety management system operator

safety management system operator means—

(a)

an electricity generator or electricity distributor that is required, by section 61A(1) of the Act, to implement and maintain a safety management system; or

(b)

an owner of any other works who chooses to implement and maintain a safety management system

shock current means an electrical current that passes through the body of a person or animal, and that has characteristics that are likely to cause disorders of physiological processes of the body

standard low voltage means,—

(a)

in respect of electricity supplied by either a single-phase MEN system or a multiple-phase MEN system, a nominal voltage of 230 volts AC between phase and neutral; or

(b)

in respect of electricity supplied by any other system, a nominal voltage,—

(i)

in relation to single-phase supplies, of 230 volts AC between conductors; or

(ii)

in relation to 2-phase supplies, of 400 volts AC or 460 volts AC between conductors; or

(iii)

in relation to multiple-phase supplies, of 400 volts AC between conductors

substation means all or part of a building, structure, or enclosure that incorporates fittings that are used principally for the purposes of the control of the distribution of electricity

supplier declaration of conformity means a declaration, relating to a low voltage or extra-low voltage fitting or appliance, that complies with regulation 83(3)

SWER system means a single wire earth return system

telecommunications network voltage, in relation to telecommunications lines or equipment, means a voltage that is not greater than the limits specified in AS/NZS 60950

tourist mining operation has the meaning given to it in clause 1 of Schedule 3 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015

tunnelling operation has the meaning given to it in clause 4 of Schedule 3 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015

underground mining operation has the meaning given to it in regulations made under the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015.

(2)

A term used in connection with a particular standard has the meaning used in that standard, unless the term is defined in the Act or these regulations, in which case it has that meaning.

(3)

A term used in these regulations and not defined in the Act or these regulations, and to which subclause (2) does not apply, has the meaning given (if any),—

(a)

in the case of installations, in AS/NZS 3000; and

(b)

in all other cases, in IEC 60050.

(4)

In these regulations, electrical codes of practice and official standards (such as AS/NZS and IEC) are referred to by the abbreviations listed in Schedule 2.

Compare: SR 1997/60 r 2

Regulation 4(1) accredited auditor: substituted, on 10 November 2011, by regulation 4(1) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2011 (SR 2011/370).

Regulation 4(1) alluvial mine operator: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) alluvial mine operator: amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Regulation 4(1) alluvial mining operation: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) alluvial mining operation: amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Regulation 4(1) certificate of compliance: replaced, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(3) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) certified design: inserted, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(1) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) declaration of conformity: revoked, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) EESS: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) EESS law: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) electrical medical device: amended, on 1 July 2014, by section 48 of the Medicines Amendment Act 2013 (2013 No 141).

Regulation 4(1) electrical safety certificate: inserted, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(1) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) ERZ0: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) ERZ0: amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Regulation 4(1) ERZ1: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) ERZ1: amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Regulation 4(1) general body concentration: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) general prescribed electrical work: inserted, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(1) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) grade A offence: revoked, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) grade B offence: revoked, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) high-risk prescribed electrical work: inserted, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(1) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) install: amended, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(4) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) installation: amended, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(5) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) integral plug device: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) level 1 penalty: inserted, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(1) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) level 2 penalty: inserted, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(1) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) location: inserted, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(1) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) low-risk prescribed electrical work: inserted, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(1) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) low voltage: replaced, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(1) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) low voltage works: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) main earthing system paragraph (b): replaced, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(6) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) mains work: substituted, on 10 November 2011, by regulation 4(4) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2011 (SR 2011/370).

Regulation 4(1) mains work paragraph (b)(ii): amended, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(7) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) mains work paragraph (b)(iii): inserted, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(8) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) maintenance: inserted, on 1 July 2013, by regulation 4(1) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/279).

Regulation 4(1) mine operator: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) mine operator: amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Regulation 4(1) mining electrical equipment: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) mining electrical equipment paragraph (a): amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Regulation 4(1) mining operation: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) mining operation: amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Regulation 4(1) mobile mining electrical equipment: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) opencast mining operation: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) opencast mining operation: amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Regulation 4(1) plug: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) quarry operator: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) quarry operator: amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Regulation 4(1) quarrying operation: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) quarrying operation: amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Regulation 4(1) reduced low-voltage system: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) registered EESS product: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) registered EESS supplier: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) relocatable mining electrical equipment: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) safety-critical equipment: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) safety management system: replaced, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Regulation 4(1) supplier declaration of conformity: amended, on 10 November 2011, by regulation 4(5) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2011 (SR 2011/370).

Regulation 4(1) SWER system: inserted, on 10 November 2011, by regulation 4(6) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2011 (SR 2011/370).

Regulation 4(1) tourist mining operation: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) tourist mining operation: amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Regulation 4(1) tunnelling operation: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) tunnelling operation: amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).

Regulation 4(1) underground mining operation: inserted, on 31 December 2013, by regulation 5(2) of the Electricity (Safety) Amendment Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/494).

Regulation 4(1) underground mining operation: amended, on 4 April 2016, by section 232 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (2015 No 70).