Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Regulations 2010

Reprint
as at 1 January 2013

Coat of Arms of New Zealand

Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Regulations 2010

(SR 2010/335)

Anand Satyanand, Governor-General

Order in Council

At Wellington this 23rd day of September 2010

Present:
His Excellency the Governor-General in Council


Note

Changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in this reprint.

A general outline of these changes is set out in the notes at the end of this reprint, together with other explanatory material about this reprint.

These regulations are administered by the Ministry for Primary Industries.


Pursuant to sections 163 and 168 of the Climate Change Response Act 2002, His Excellency the Governor-General, acting on the advice and with the consent of the Executive Council and on the recommendation of the Minister for Climate Change Issues, makes the following regulations.

Regulations

1 Title
  • These regulations are the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Regulations 2010.

2 Commencement
  • These regulations come into force on 1 January 2011.

3 Interpretation
  • In these regulations, unless the context otherwise requires,—

    bull means an uncastrated male bovine

    calf means a male or female bovine that—

    • (a) is under 12 months of age; and

    • (b) weighs less than 40 kg at the slaughter point

    cattle means any group or combination of bulls, calves, cows, heifers, steers, or vealers

    cow means a female bovine with more than 6 permanent teeth

    customs point means the point where goods are entered for import under section 39 or export under section 49 of the Customs and Excise Act 1996

    ewe means a female sheep with more than 2 permanent teeth

    heifer means a female bovine with no more than 6 permanent teeth

    hogget means a male sheep or female sheep with 1 or 2 permanent teeth

    lamb means a male or female sheep that does not have any permanent teeth

    milk solids means milk-fat and protein components of raw milk (being untreated milk) from cows, heifers, or goats

    ram means an uncastrated male sheep with more than 2 permanent teeth

    sheep means any group or combination of ewes, hoggets, lambs, rams, or wethers

    slaughter point means the final point at which the carcass is weighed before it is—

    • (a) broken down into cuts or boneless products; or

    • (b) chilled or frozen

    steer means a castrated male bovine

    synthetic fertilisers containing nitrogen means a nitrogen-containing substance or mix of substances, produced by chemical manufacture,—

    • (a) whose main function is to provide nutrients for plants; and

    • (b) which is described as, or held out to be for, or suitable for, sustaining or increasing the growth, productivity, or quality of plants or, indirectly, animals through its application to plants or soil

    tonne, in relation to regulation 5 or 6, includes part of a tonne

    vealer means a male or female bovine that—

    • (a) is under 12 months of age; and

    • (b) weighs between 40 kg and 160 kg at the slaughter point

    wether means a castrated male sheep with more than 2 permanent teeth.

    Regulation 3 bull: replaced, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 5(2) of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

    Regulation 3 calf: inserted, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 5(1) of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

    Regulation 3 cattle: replaced, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 5(2) of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

    Regulation 3 cow: replaced, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 5(2) of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

    Regulation 3 deer: revoked, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 5(6) of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

    Regulation 3 heifer: replaced, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 5(3) of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

    Regulation 3 hind: revoked, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 5(6) of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

    Regulation 3 layer hen: revoked, on 1 January 2013, by section 103 of the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 89).

    Regulation 3 milk fat: revoked, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 5(6) of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

    Regulation 3 milk solids: replaced, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 5(4) of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

    Regulation 3 raw milk: revoked, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 5(6) of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

    Regulation 3 stag: revoked, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 5(6) of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

    Regulation 3 steer: replaced, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 5(5) of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

4 EPA may issue guidelines or standards
  • (1) The EPA may, by notice in the Gazette, issue guidelines or standards in relation to the information required to be collected by these regulations.

    (2) The EPA may, by notice in the Gazette, amend or revoke a guideline or standard.

    (3) A participant who complies with a guideline or standard that is issued under this regulation, and is in force, is to be treated as complying with the requirements of these regulations to which the guideline or standard relates.

    Regulation 4 heading: amended, on 5 December 2011, by section 53(2) of the Environmental Protection Authority Act 2011 (2011 No 14).

    Regulation 4(1): amended, on 5 December 2011, by section 53(2) of the Environmental Protection Authority Act 2011 (2011 No 14).

    Regulation 4(2): amended, on 5 December 2011, by section 53(2) of the Environmental Protection Authority Act 2011 (2011 No 14).

5 Information required to calculate emissions from importing or manufacturing synthetic fertilisers containing nitrogen
  • A participant who, in a year, carries out the activity of importing or manufacturing synthetic fertilisers containing nitrogen must collect and record the following information for the year:

    • (a) the total number of tonnes of synthetic fertilisers containing nitrogen imported (recorded at the customs point) or manufactured (measured at the point of manufacture); and

    • (b) the percentage of nitrogen in the synthetic fertilisers containing nitrogen recorded under paragraph (a); and

    • (c) the total number of tonnes of nitrogen contained in the synthetic fertilisers containing nitrogen recorded under paragraph (a), calculated by multiplying the total number of tonnes of fertiliser recorded under paragraph (a) by the percentage of nitrogen recorded under paragraph (b); and

    • (d) the total number of tonnes of synthetic fertilisers containing nitrogen exported (recorded at the customs point) from New Zealand; and

    • (e) the percentage of nitrogen in the synthetic fertilisers containing nitrogen recorded under paragraph (d); and

    • (f) the total number of tonnes of nitrogen contained in synthetic fertilisers containing nitrogen recorded under paragraph (d), calculated by multiplying the total number of tonnes of fertiliser recorded under paragraph (d) by the percentage of nitrogen recorded under paragraph (e).

6 Method of calculating emissions from importing or manufacturing synthetic fertilisers containing nitrogen
  • A participant who, in a year, carries out the activity of importing or manufacturing synthetic fertilisers containing nitrogen must use the following formula to calculate emissions from the activity for the year:

    E = (A – B) × 5.72

    where—

    E
    is the emissions in tonnes from the synthetic fertilisers containing nitrogen imported or manufactured
    A
    is the total number of tonnes of nitrogen recorded by the participant under regulation 5(c)
    B
    is the total number of tonnes of nitrogen as recorded by the participant under regulation 5(f).
7 Information required to calculate emissions from slaughtering certain cattle, deer, goats, pigs, poultry, or sheep
  • (1) This regulation applies to a participant who, in a year,—

    • (a) carries out the activity of slaughtering for human consumption cattle (other than calves and vealers), deer, goats, pigs, poultry, or sheep; and

    • (b) is the operator of a risk management programme registered under the Animal Products Act 1999 for the slaughter of animals.

    • (c) [Revoked]

    (2) The participant must collect and record, for each animal type listed in table 1 of the Schedule slaughtered during the year, the total number of tonnes of that animal type slaughtered for human consumption, as calculated at the slaughter point.

    Regulation 7: replaced, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 6 of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

    Regulation 7(1)(a): amended, on 1 January 2013, by section 103 of the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 89).

    Regulation 7(1)(b): replaced, on 1 January 2013, by section 103 of the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 89).

    Regulation 7(1)(c): revoked, on 1 January 2013, by section 103 of the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 89).

8 Method of calculating emissions from slaughtering certain cattle, deer, goats, pigs, poultry, or sheep
  • (1) This regulation applies to a participant who, in a year,—

    • (a) carries out the activity of slaughtering for human consumption cattle (other than calves and vealers), deer, goats, pigs, poultry, or sheep; and

    • (b) is the operator of a risk management programme registered under the Animal Products Act 1999 for the slaughter of animals.

    • (c) [Revoked]

    (2) The participant must use the following formula to calculate emissions from the activity for the year for each animal type:

    E = A × B

    where—

    E
    is the emissions in tonnes from the slaughter of an animal type for which information is recorded under regulation 7
    A
    is the total number of tonnes of that animal type as recorded under regulation 7
    B
    is the emissions factor set out in table 1 of the Schedule for that animal type.

    (3) If the participant carries out the slaughtering of more than 1 animal type, the participant must add up the results of the calculation for each animal type and record the total.

    Regulation 8: replaced, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 6 of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

    Regulation 8(1)(a): amended, on 1 January 2013, by section 103 of the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 89).

    Regulation 8(1)(b): replaced, on 1 January 2013, by section 103 of the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 89).

    Regulation 8(1)(c): revoked, on 1 January 2013, by section 103 of the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 89).

9 Information required to calculate emissions from dairy processing of milk or colostrum
  • A participant who, in a year, carries out the activity of dairy processing of milk or colostrum from cows or heifers must collect and record the total quantity in tonnes of milk solids from the cows or heifers subject to dairy processing by the participant in the year.

    Regulation 9: replaced, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 6 of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

10 Method of calculating emissions from dairy processing of milk or colostrum
  • A participant who, in a year, carries out the activity of dairy processing of milk or colostrum from cows or heifers must use the following formula to calculate emissions from the activity for the year:

    E = A × 8.5

    where—

    E
    is the emissions in tonnes from the dairy processing of milk or colostrum from the cows or heifers
    A
    is the total quantity in tonnes of milk solids from the cows or heifers as recorded under regulation 9.

    Regulation 10: replaced, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 6 of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

11 Information required to calculate emissions from exporting from New Zealand live cattle, pigs, or sheep
  • A participant who, in a year, carries out the activity of exporting from New Zealand live cattle, pigs, or sheep in accordance with an animal welfare export certificate must collect and record the total number of animals of each animal type listed in table 2 of the Schedule that are exported live from New Zealand during the year.

    Regulation 11: amended, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 7 of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

12 Method of calculating emissions from exporting from New Zealand live cattle, pigs, or sheep
  • (1) A participant who, in a year, carries out the activity of exporting from New Zealand live cattle, pigs, or sheep in accordance with an animal welfare export certificate must use the following formula to calculate emissions from the activity for the year for each animal type:

    E = A × B

    where—

    E
    is the emissions in tonnes from the animals exported live from New Zealand for each animal type for which information is recorded under regulation 11
    A
    is, where information is recorded under regulation 11 for an animal type, the total number of animals of that animal type that are exported live from New Zealand in the year
    B
    is the emissions factor for the animal type dealt with in A.

    (2) If a participant carries out the exporting of more than 1 animal type, the participant must add up the results of the calculation for each animal type and record the total.

13 Information required to calculate emissions from producing eggs
  • [Revoked]

    Regulation 13: revoked, on 1 January 2013, by section 103 of the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 89).

14 Method of calculating emissions from producing eggs
  • [Revoked]

    Regulation 14: revoked, on 1 January 2013, by section 103 of the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 89).

15 Emissions returns must record total emissions
  • An emissions return submitted by a participant required to comply with these regulations must record—

    • (a) the emissions calculated under each of the relevant provisions of these regulations; and

    • (b) the total emissions from the relevant activities in the relevant year, calculated by adding together the emissions calculated under each of the relevant provisions of these regulations.


Schedule 
Emissions factors

rr 7, 8, 11

  • Schedule: replaced, on 25 October 2012 (applying on and from 1 January 2012), by regulation 8 of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Amendment Regulations 2012 (SR 2012/315).

Table 1
Slaughtering certain cattle, deer, goats, pigs, poultry, or sheep

Animal typeEmissions factor for each tonne of animal type calculated at slaughter point
Cattle 
Bull (other than a calf or vealer)12.70
Cow (other than a calf or vealer)12.70
Heifer (other than a calf or vealer)12.70
Steer (other than a calf or vealer)12.70
Sheep 
Hogget12.70
Lamb12.70
Ram12.70
Other adult sheep (being a ewe or wether)12.70
Others 
Deer21.00
Goat12.70
Pig1.76
Poultry 0.20
  • Schedule 1 table 1: amended, on 1 January 2013, by section 103 of the Climate Change Response (Emissions Trading and Other Matters) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 89).

Table 2
Exporting live cattle, pigs, or sheep

Animal typeEmissions factor for each animal type for live export
Cattle2.30
Pig0.12
Sheep0.27

Rebecca Kitteridge,
Clerk of the Executive Council.


Issued under the authority of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989.

Date of notification in Gazette: 24 September 2010.


Contents

  • 1General

  • 2Status of reprints

  • 3How reprints are prepared

  • 4Changes made under section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989

  • 5List of amendments incorporated in this reprint (most recent first)


Notes
1 General
  • This is a reprint of the Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Regulations 2010. The reprint incorporates all the amendments to the regulations as at 1 January 2013, as specified in the list of amendments at the end of these notes.

    Relevant provisions of any amending enactments that contain transitional, savings, or application provisions that cannot be compiled in the reprint are also included, after the principal enactment, in chronological order. For more information, see http://www.pco.parliament.govt.nz/reprints/ .

2 Status of reprints
  • Under section 16D of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989, reprints are presumed to correctly state, as at the date of the reprint, the law enacted by the principal enactment and by the amendments to that enactment. This presumption applies even though editorial changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in the reprint.

    This presumption may be rebutted by producing the official volumes of statutes or statutory regulations in which the principal enactment and its amendments are contained.

3 How reprints are prepared
  • A number of editorial conventions are followed in the preparation of reprints. For example, the enacting words are not included in Acts, and provisions that are repealed or revoked are omitted. For a detailed list of the editorial conventions, see http://www.pco.parliament.govt.nz/editorial-conventions/ or Part 8 of the Tables of New Zealand Acts and Ordinances and Statutory Regulations and Deemed Regulations in Force.

4 Changes made under section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989
  • Section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 authorises the making of editorial changes in a reprint as set out in sections 17D and 17E of that Act so that, to the extent permitted, the format and style of the reprinted enactment is consistent with current legislative drafting practice. Changes that would alter the effect of the legislation are not permitted.

    A new format of legislation was introduced on 1 January 2000. Changes to legislative drafting style have also been made since 1997, and are ongoing. To the extent permitted by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989, all legislation reprinted after 1 January 2000 is in the new format for legislation and reflects current drafting practice at the time of the reprint.

    In outline, the editorial changes made in reprints under the authority of section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 are set out below, and they have been applied, where relevant, in the preparation of this reprint:

    • omission of unnecessary referential words (such as of this section and of this Act)

    • typeface and type size (Times Roman, generally in 11.5 point)

    • layout of provisions, including:

      • indentation

      • position of section headings (eg, the number and heading now appear above the section)

    • format of definitions (eg, the defined term now appears in bold type, without quotation marks)

    • format of dates (eg, a date formerly expressed as the 1st day of January 1999 is now expressed as 1 January 1999)

    • position of the date of assent (it now appears on the front page of each Act)

    • punctuation (eg, colons are not used after definitions)

    • Parts numbered with roman numerals are replaced with arabic numerals, and all cross-references are changed accordingly

    • case and appearance of letters and words, including:

      • format of headings (eg, headings where each word formerly appeared with an initial capital letter followed by small capital letters are amended so that the heading appears in bold, with only the first word (and any proper nouns) appearing with an initial capital letter)

      • small capital letters in section and subsection references are now capital letters

    • schedules are renumbered (eg, Schedule 1 replaces First Schedule), and all cross-references are changed accordingly

    • running heads (the information that appears at the top of each page)

    • format of two-column schedules of consequential amendments, and schedules of repeals (eg, they are rearranged into alphabetical order, rather than chronological).

5 List of amendments incorporated in this reprint (most recent first)