Judicial Superannuation Determination 2019


1 Title

This determination is the Judicial Superannuation Determination 2019.

2 Commencement

This determination is deemed to have come into force on 1 January 2019.

3 Interpretation


In this determination, unless the context otherwise requires,—

judicial officer means a judicial officer specified in section 12B(1) of the Remuneration Authority Act 1977

new GSF scheme means the new Government service superannuation scheme established under Part 2A of the Act

retirement scheme means a retirement scheme as defined in section 6(1) of the Financial Markets Conduct Act 2013, other than the new GSF scheme

year means a period of 12 months ending on 31 December.


For the purposes of this determination, the length of a person’s period of service as a judicial officer is calculated as follows:


a period of service that began or ended before 1 July in any year is treated as having begun or ended, as the case may be, at the beginning of that year:


a period of service that began or ended on or after 1 July in any year is treated as having begun or ended, as the case may be, at the end of that year.

4 Judicial officers to whom this determination applies

This determination applies to the following judicial officers:


judicial officers who elect, under section 81OA of the Act, to cease to be a contributor under Part 5A of the Act; and


judicial officers who were first appointed or reappointed as judicial officers on or after 1 July 1992, and who are not entitled or required to contribute under Part 4 or 5A of the Act.

5 Maximum subsidy on annual superannuation contribution


The maximum subsidy (inclusive of any income tax payable on it) on contributions paid, in any year, to a retirement scheme by a judicial officer to whom this determination applies is 37.5% of the judicial officer’s salary.


However, if the judicial officer is also a contributor to the new GSF scheme, then the maximum subsidy per year on contributions to the retirement scheme, inclusive of any income tax payable on that subsidy, is 23.75% of the judicial officer’s salary.

6 Ratio of superannuation subsidy to judicial officer’s contribution


In order for a judicial officer to qualify for a superannuation subsidy, the contribution that the judicial officer must make to the retirement scheme, when expressed as a ratio of the superannuation subsidy to that person’s contribution, is 7.5 to 1.


However, if the judicial officer is also a contributor to the new GSF scheme, then for the purposes of subclause (1) the ratio is 23.75 to 1.

7 Limit on service for which superannuation subsidy payable


This clause applies to a judicial officer who has contributed under Part 4 or Part 5 or Part 5A of the Act.


The maximum period of service as a judicial officer (whether continuous or in 2 or more separate periods) for which a subsidy of contributions to a retirement scheme will be paid is 16 years less the period during which the judicial officer was a contributor under Part 4 or Part 5 or Part 5A of the Act.

8 Revocations

The following determinations are revoked:

Dated at Wellington this 22nd day of January 2019.

Fran Wilde,

Len Cook,

Explanatory memorandum

This memorandum is not part of the determination, but is intended to indicate its general effect.

This determination is deemed to have come into force on 1 January 2019. It revokes and replaces the Judicial Superannuation Determination 2006 and an earlier determination that that determination superseded. It sets out the percentage of salary contributions made to a retirement scheme by judicial officers that will qualify them for a superannuation subsidy.

In 2006 the Remuneration Authority (the Authority) completed a major review of judicial superannuation. During the last 18 months the Authority has undertaken a more comprehensive review of its approach to setting the remuneration, allowances, and superannuation entitlements for judicial officers specified under section 12B of the Remuneration Authority Act 1977. This determination implements the outcome of that part of the review that relates to the provision of employer superannuation subsidies to judicial officers.

The capital fund for judicial officers’ retirement income is based on their salary. The current approach to providing retirement income was introduced in 1992. The same rate of contribution was applied to all judicial officers until 2006, when Judges of the senior courts received a larger increase than those of other courts. The Authority notes that the length of service as a member of the judiciary is not significantly different for any of the courts. The Authority has therefore determined that the maximum subsidy rate payable for superannuation will be set at the same rate for all judicial officers.

Remunerating the judiciary extends into retirement. Once appointed, judicial officers no longer have all of the same options that may be available to other callings. Providing an appropriate level of income into retirement for judicial officers is an important way in which the Authority supports the State to ensure the independence of the judiciary.

Until 1992, judicial officers received an annual pension through a defined benefit scheme under the Government Superannuation Fund Act 1956. The 1992 change meant that the retirement provision for judicial officers is now made by contributions paid annually into a fund management scheme. These contributions are primarily funded by the government and include a smaller contribution from the individual judicial officer. Judicial officers are required to arrange for the management of their retirement funds during their tenure. This defined contribution scheme is comparable in form to but more extensive than similar schemes now predominant in New Zealand, and it carries with it risks to retirement income that the defined benefit scheme did not bring. These risks are borne by individual judicial officers, and their final accumulated retirement fund will vary with the economic cycles. The amount contributed to fund retirement income is now determined by the judicial officers’ annual salary and the length of their tenure.

In the explanatory memorandum to the Judicial Superannuation Determination 1992, the then Higher Salaries Commission noted that “in principle the Commission would favour compulsory superannuation for the judiciary and the underpinning of defined pension entitlements by Crown guarantee”. The Authority considers that this remains the most appropriate means of providing pensions entitlements for judicial officers after examining the first 25 years of the defined contributions regime. The Authority believes that a defined benefit scheme tailored to the judiciary should be explored.

The Authority sought and received advice from an independent firm of actuaries when reviewing its approach to determining judicial officers’ superannuation entitlements.

Issued under the authority of the Legislation Act 2012.

Date of notification in Gazette: 24 January 2019.