About this site

Website owner

This website is owned and provided by the New Zealand Parliamentary Counsel Office/Te Tari Tohutohu Pāremata (PCO), which is responsible for drafting and publishing most of New Zealand's legislation.

Linking to this website

The Parliamentary Counsel Office welcomes and encourages linking to this website. Links can be made freely and without seeking permission. Please copy and paste the following code into your HTML:

<a href="https://www.legislation.govt.nz">New Zealand Legislation website</a>

To link to an individual item of legislation, see How to link to the New Zealand Legislation website.

Note that, while links to Acts and secondary legislation are stable, each new version of a Bill will have a new URL.


Go to the List of Access Keys.

The New Zealand Legislation website is designed to comply with the New Zealand Government Web Accessibility and Usability Standards, allowing the content to be usable by all, irrespective of physical or technological impediments.

Some items of legislation are large, particularly the View whole or PDF versions, and may be slow to download.

The final form and content of legislation is a matter for Parliament or, in the case of secondary legislation, the person or body responsible for making the secondary legislation. There are therefore some instances where the Parliamentary Counsel Office is unable to publish legislation (including Bills and Supplementary Order Papers) in a form that fully complies with the Standards.

Alternative text (or alt text) for images, and table summaries, are added routinely to legislation when it is first published or when it is consolidated. However, this information may not be provided for legislation that was published or most recently consolidated before 11 April 2015.

Alt text is a brief summary provided for graphics within HTML documents. Table summaries describe the structure of a table. Both are intended for screen reading technology and are invisible to the general website user. Neither form part of the legislation, they have no legal effect, and are provided for information only.

If you come across any accessibility issues, please Contact us.


There is no copyright in New Zealand Acts, Bills, or the secondary legislation published on this website (see section 27 of the Copyright Act 1994). All Acts, Bills, Supplementary Order Papers, and secondary legislation published on this website may be reproduced free of charge in any format or media without requiring specific permission.

Everything else on this website is subject to Crown copyright protection unless otherwise indicated. The Crown copyright protected material may be reproduced free of charge in any format or media without requiring specific permission. This is subject to the material being reproduced accurately and not being used in a misleading context. Where the material is being published or issued to others, the source and copyright status must be acknowledged.

If you have any questions regarding copyright on material on this website, please Contact us.


This privacy notice applies to personal and other information collected on the New Zealand Legislation website, www.legislation.govt.nz.

You may search, browse, and access information contained within this website without providing any personal information.

Statistical information and cookies

This site uses both Google Analytics and web server logs to provide data on how our visitors use this site and to monitor system performance. The data is used to compile statistical reports on website activity for us to evaluate site use. This helps us to make this site more useful to visitors. Google Analytics uses cookies, which are text files placed on your computer or mobile device to collect standard internet log information and visitor behaviour information in an anonymous form. Separately, web log data is collected without using cookies. Information recorded includes:

  • the screen resolution of your PC
  • the type of browser you use
  • the type of operating system you have
  • the date and time you access our site
  • the pages you have accessed and the documents downloaded
  • the internet address from which you accessed our site
  • the search terms you used to find content on our website
  • the last site you visited before you accessed this website.

This information may be shared with our contractors and providers to assist them to help us administer or improve the site. It is not used to collect personal information or to identify any individuals. The site does not use Google Analytics Advertising Features.

Google may also use the information it collects, and may transfer it to third parties where required to do so by law, or where such third parties process the information on Google's behalf. For more information about how Google may use this information and how you can control the information shared with Google by your web browser please see http://www.google.com/intl/en/policies/privacy/partners/.

This site also uses cookies to store information about your recent searches, how you choose to display results so that your choices are preserved, custom web feeds, tagged sections and clauses, and your commercial prints order.

You can accept or decline cookies by modifying the settings for your browser. Use the "Help" function within your browser to find out how to disable/enable the use of cookies. Disabling cookies will not affect your ability to use most of this website, although it will disable the features mentioned above (My recent searches, preserving results display options, custom feeds, tagging sections/clauses, and ordering commercial prints through the website).

If you provide personal information

Where you voluntarily provide personal information (eg when contacting us), we will only use that information to communicate with you, and for statistical purposes. We will keep personal information secure and will not disclose it to third parties. If you ask us a question that is more appropriately answered by another agency, we will not forward your query on to them; instead, we will give you the other agency's contact details.

We collect statistical information from feedback and from other enquiries from the public. This information does not identify individuals, and will not be published in a form where individuals can be identified.

Accessing personal information

You have the right to access any personal information held by us. To do this, or if you have concerns about personal information, please Contact us.


This website provides official and unofficial legislation. Official legislation displays the New Zealand Coat of Arms on the front page. PDFs without the New Zealand Coat of Arms, and HTML versions that do not display the New Zealand Coat of Arms at the top of their View whole versions, are not official. If legislation is not official, it should not be relied on as the authoritative text.

See Status of legislation on this website: what is official for more information.

See What is on this website and What is not on this website for details of the legislation available on this website.

Website aids provided within legislation, such as links between and within legislation, alt text (brief summaries provided for graphics within HTML documents, intended for screen reading technology), and table summaries (which describe the structure of the table, intended for screen reading technology), do not form part of the legislation, have no legal effect, and are provided for information only and should not be relied upon as authoritative.

Although the Parliamentary Counsel Office endeavours to create particular links within and between legislation on the website, it will not always be possible to do so.

Note that in the case of secondary legislation linked to through the Other Instruments collection, the Parliamentary Counsel Office relies on information received from agencies responsible for administering the legislation. The collection is not complete, and the Parliamentary Counsel Office does not assume responsibility for the accuracy of the links provided. For advice about legislation found through the Other Instruments collection, contact the agency responsible for administering it.

Supplementary material on this website is intended to provide general information to the public, and every effort has been made to ensure that the material is accurate and up to date. However, the Parliamentary Counsel Office may change, delete, add to, or otherwise amend information contained on this website at any time.

This website links to the Parliamentary Counsel Office corporate website, which the Parliamentary Counsel Office is responsible for, and to the Disclosure statements website, which the Parliamentary Counsel Office shares joint responsibility for with the Treasury. The Parliamentary Counsel Office is not responsible for the content or reliability of other websites linked to from this website and does not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them. Linking is not to be taken as endorsement of any kind. We cannot guarantee that these links will work all of the time and we have no control over availability of the linked pages.

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If you would like to make comments or suggestions, or want to receive a reply, please Contact us.