United Nations Act 1946

Version as at 28 October 2021

Coat of Arms of New Zealand

United Nations Act 1946

Public Act
 
1946 No 7
Date of assent
 
16 September 1946
Commencement
 
16 September 1946
Note

The Parliamentary Counsel Office has made editorial and format changes to this version using the powers under subpart 2 of Part 3 of the Legislation Act 2019.

Note 4 at the end of this version provides a list of the amendments included in it.

This Act is administered by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

An Act to confer on the Governor-General in Council power to make regulations to enable New Zealand to fulfil the obligations undertaken by it under Article 41 of the Charter of the United Nations

Preamble

Whereas New Zealand is a member of the United Nations and as such is bound by the Charter of the United Nations signed at San Francisco on 26 June 1945:

And whereas Article 41 of the Charter is in the following terms:

Article 41

The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the members of the United Nations to apply such measures. These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations”

And whereas it is desirable that provision should be made to enable New Zealand to fulfil its obligations under the said Article.

 
1 Short Title

This Act may be cited as the United Nations Act 1946.

2 Power to make regulations to enable effect to be given to Article 41

(1)

If, under Article 41 of the Charter of the United Nations, the Security Council of the United Nations calls upon Her Majesty’s Government in New Zealand to apply any measures to give effect to any decision of that Council, the Governor-General may from time to time, by Order in Council, make all such regulations as appear to him to be necessary or expedient for enabling those measures to be effectively applied.

(2)

No regulation made under this Act shall be deemed to be invalid because it deals with any matter already provided for by any Act, or because of any repugnancy to any Act.

(3)

Regulations under this section are secondary legislation (see Part 3 of the Legislation Act 2019 for publication requirements).

Legislation Act 2019 requirements for secondary legislation made under this section
PublicationPCO must publish it on the legislation website and notify it in the GazetteLA19 s 69(1)(c)
PresentationThe Minister must present it to the House of RepresentativesLA19 s 114, Sch 1 cl 32(1)(a)
DisallowanceIt may be disallowed by the House of Representatives LA19 ss 115, 116
This note is not part of the Act.

Section 2(1): amended, on 1 January 1987, pursuant to section 5(2) of the Constitution Act 1986 (1986 No 114).

Section 2(3): replaced, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

3 Liability for breach of regulations

(1)

Every person who commits, or attempts to commit, or does any act with intent to commit, or counsels, procures, aids, abets, or incites any other person to commit, or conspires with any other person (whether in New Zealand or elsewhere) to commit any offence against any regulations made under this Act shall be liable on conviction, in the case of an individual, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or to a fine not exceeding $10,000, or, in the case of a company or other corporation, to a fine not exceeding $100,000.

(2)

The publication in the Gazette or in accordance with the Legislation Act 2019 of any regulations made under this Act or of any Order in Council, Proclamation, order, notice, warrant, licence, or other act of authority under this Act or under the regulations must be treated for all purposes as being notice of the act of authority to all persons concerned, and in any prosecution the liability of the defendant must be determined accordingly.

(3)

Nothing in this Act or in any regulations made under this Act shall be so construed or shall so operate as to take away or restrict the liability of any person for any offence punishable independently of this Act, but no person shall be punished twice for the same offence.

Section 3(1): amended, on 1 July 2013, by section 413 of the Criminal Procedure Act 2011 (2011 No 81).

Section 3(1): amended, on 31 August 1990, by section 2(a) of the United Nations Amendment Act 1990 (1990 No 124).

Section 3(1): amended, on 31 August 1990, by section 2(b) of the United Nations Amendment Act 1990 (1990 No 124).

Section 3(2): replaced, on 5 August 2013, by section 77(3) of the Legislation Act 2012 (2012 No 119).

Section 3(2): amended, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

Section 3(2): amended, on 4 October 2013, by regulation 3(1) of the Criminal Procedure (Consequential Amendments) Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/409).

4 Application to Cook Islands and other territories

(1)

This Act shall be in force in the Cook Islands and, to the extent to which Her Majesty has jurisdiction therein, in every other territory for the time being administered by Her Majesty’s Government in New Zealand.

(2)

Except so far as otherwise expressly provided, regulations made under this Act shall not be in force in the Cook Islands or in any such territory as aforesaid.

Heading: amended, at 11 pm on 1 January 1962, pursuant to section 9 of the Western Samoa Act 1961 (1961 No 68).

Section 4(1): amended, on 1 January 1987, pursuant to section 5(2) of the Constitution Act 1986 (1986 No 114).

Section 4(1): amended, at 11 pm on 1 January 1962, by section 9 of the Western Samoa Act 1961 (1961 No 68).

Section 4(2): amended, at 11 pm on 1 January 1962, by section 9 of the Western Samoa Act 1961 (1961 No 68).

5 Repeals

The League of Nations Sanctions (Enforcement in New Zealand) Act 1935 and the League of Nations Sanctions Regulations Confirmation Act 1936 are hereby repealed.

Notes
1 General

This is a consolidation of the United Nations Act 1946 that incorporates the amendments made to the legislation so that it shows the law as at its stated date.

2 Legal status

A consolidation is taken to correctly state, as at its stated date, the law enacted or made by the legislation consolidated and by the amendments. This presumption applies unless the contrary is shown.

Section 78 of the Legislation Act 2019 provides that this consolidation, published as an electronic version, is an official version. A printed version of legislation that is produced directly from this official electronic version is also an official version.

3 Editorial and format changes

The Parliamentary Counsel Office makes editorial and format changes to consolidations using the powers under subpart 2 of Part 3 of the Legislation Act 2019. See also PCO editorial conventions for consolidations.

4 Amendments incorporated in this consolidation

Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7): section 3

Criminal Procedure (Consequential Amendments) Regulations 2013 (SR 2013/409): regulation 3(1)

Legislation Act 2012 (2012 No 119): section 77(3)

Criminal Procedure Act 2011 (2011 No 81): section 413

United Nations Amendment Act 1990 (1990 No 124)

Constitution Act 1986 (1986 No 114): section 5(2)

Western Samoa Act 1961 (1961 No 68): section 9