Geneva Conventions Act 1958

2 Interpretation

(1)

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—

the Conventions means the First Convention, the Second Convention, the Third Convention, and the Fourth Convention

the First Convention means the Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field, adopted at Geneva on 12 August 1949, a copy of which Convention (not including the annexes to that Convention) is set out in Schedule 1

the Second Convention means the Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick, and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea, adopted at Geneva on 12 August 1949, a copy of which Convention (not including the annex to that Convention) is set out in Schedule 2

the Third Convention means the Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, adopted at Geneva on 12 August 1949, a copy of which Convention (not including the annexes to that Convention) is set out in Schedule 3

the Fourth Convention means the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, adopted at Geneva on 12 August 1949, a copy of which Convention (not including the annexes to that Convention) is set out in Schedule 4

New Zealand aircraft means any aircraft that is registered or required to be registered in New Zealand under the Civil Aviation Act 1990; and includes any aircraft belonging to or in the service of Her Majesty in right of New Zealand, whether a civil or a military aircraft

New Zealand ship means a New Zealand ship or ship belonging to Her Majesty as those terms are defined in the Shipping and Seamen Act 1952; and includes an unregistered ship which is by Part 12 of that Act required to be registered in New Zealand or in some other Commonwealth country

protected internee means a person protected by the Fourth Convention and interned in New Zealand

protected prisoner of war means a person protected by the Third Convention

the Protecting Power, in relation to a protected prisoner of war or a protected internee, means the Power or organisation which is carrying out, in the interests of the Power of which he or she is a national, or of whose forces he or she is, or was at any material time, a member, the duties assigned to Protecting Powers under the Third Convention or the Fourth Convention, as the case may be

the Protocols means the First Protocol, the Second Protocol, and the Third Protocol

the First Protocol means the Protocol Additional to the Conventions and relating to the protection of victims of international armed conflicts, adopted at Geneva on 8 June 1977, a copy of which Protocol (not including the annexes to that Protocol) is set out in Schedule 5

the Second Protocol means the Protocol Additional to the Conventions and relating to the protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts, adopted at Geneva on 8 June 1977, a copy of which Protocol is set out in Schedule 6

the Third Protocol means the Protocol Additional to the Conventions and relating to the adoption of an additional distinctive emblem, adopted at Geneva on 8 December 2005, a copy of which is set out in Schedule 7.

(2)

If the ratification on behalf of New Zealand of any of the Conventions or the Protocols is subject to a reservation or is accompanied by a declaration, that Convention or that Protocol, as the case may require, shall, for the purposes of this Act, have effect and be construed subject to and in accordance with that reservation or declaration.

Section 2(1) court: repealed, on 1 July 2009, by section 87 of the Court Martial Act 2007 (2007 No 101).

Section 2(1) New Zealand aircraft: amended, on 1 September 1990, pursuant to section 101(1) of the Civil Aviation Act 1990 (1990 No 98).

Section 2(1) the Protecting Power: amended, on 23 April 2014, by section 4(1) of the Geneva Conventions (Third Protocol—Red Crystal Emblem) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 96).

Section 2(1) the Protocols: inserted, on 10 July 1987, by section 3(1) of the Geneva Conventions Amendment Act 1987 (1987 No 144).

Section 2(1) the Protocols: amended, on 23 April 2014, by section 4(3) of the Geneva Conventions (Third Protocol—Red Crystal Emblem) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 96).

Section 2(1) the First Protocol: inserted, on 10 July 1987, by section 3(1) of the Geneva Conventions Amendment Act 1987 (1987 No 144).

Section 2(1) the Second Protocol: inserted, on 10 July 1987, by section 3(1) of the Geneva Conventions Amendment Act 1987 (1987 No 144).

Section 2(1) the Third Protocol: inserted, on 23 April 2014, by section 4(2) of the Geneva Conventions (Third Protocol—Red Crystal Emblem) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 96).

Section 2(2): replaced, on 10 July 1987, by section 3(2) of the Geneva Conventions Amendment Act 1987 (1987 No 144).

Section 2(2): amended, on 23 April 2014, by section 4(4) of the Geneva Conventions (Third Protocol—Red Crystal Emblem) Amendment Act 2012 (2012 No 96).