Version as at 28 October 2021

Coat of Arms of New Zealand

Domicile Act 1976

Public Act
 
1976 No 17
Date of assent
 
31 August 1976
Commencement
 
see section 1(2)
Note

The Parliamentary Counsel Office has made editorial and format changes to this version using the powers under subpart 2 of Part 3 of the Legislation Act 2019.

Note 4 at the end of this version provides a list of the amendments included in it.

This Act is administered by the Ministry of Justice.

An Act to abolish the dependent domicile of married women and otherwise to reform the law relating to domicile

 
1 Short Title and commencement

(1)

This Act may be cited as the Domicile Act 1976.

(2)

This Act shall come into force on a date to be appointed by the Governor-General by Order in Council.

(3)

An order under this section is secondary legislation (see Part 3 of the Legislation Act 2019 for publication requirements).

Legislation Act 2019 requirements for secondary legislation made under this section
PublicationPCO must publish it on the legislation website and notify it in the GazetteLA19 s 69(1)(c)
PresentationThe Minister must present it to the House of RepresentativesLA19 s 114, Sch 1 cl 32(1)(a)
DisallowanceIt may be disallowed by the House of Representatives LA19 ss 115, 116
This note is not part of the Act.

Section 1(2): this Act brought into force, on 1 January 1981, by clause 2 of the Domicile Act Commencement Order 1980 (SR 1980/242).

Section 1(3): inserted, on 28 October 2021, by section 3 of the Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7).

2 Interpretation

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—

country means a territory of a type in which, immediately before the commencement of this Act, a person could have been domiciled

union means a nation comprising 2 or more countries.

3 Domicile before commencement

The domicile that a person had at a time before the commencement of this Act shall be determined as if this Act had not been passed.

4 Domicile after commencement

The domicile that a person has at a time after the commencement of this Act shall be determined as if this Act had always been in force.

5 Wife’s dependent domicile abolished

(1)

Every married person is capable of having an independent domicile; and the rule of law whereby upon marriage a woman acquires her husband’s domicile and is thereafter during the subsistence of the marriage incapable of having any other domicile is hereby abolished.

(2)

This section applies to the parties to every marriage, wherever and pursuant to whatever law solemnised, and whatever the domicile of the parties at the time of the marriage.

6 Children

(1)

This section shall have effect in place of all rules of law relating to the domicile of children.

(2)

In this section child means a person under the age of 16 years who has not married.

(3)

A child whose parents are living together has the domicile for the time being of its father.

(4)

If a child whose parents are not living together has its home with its father it has the domicile for the time being of its father; and after it ceases to have its home with him it continues to have that domicile (or, if he is dead, the domicile he had at his death) until it has its home with its mother.

(5)

Subject to subsection (4), a child whose parents are not living together has the domicile for the time being of its mother (or, if she is dead, the domicile she had at her death).

(6)

Until a foundling child has its home with one of its parents, both its parents shall, for the purposes of this section, be deemed to be alive and domiciled in the country in which the foundling child was found.

7 Attainment of independent domicile

Subject to any rule of law relating to the domicile of insane persons, every person becomes capable of having an independent domicile upon attaining the age of 16 years or sooner marrying, and thereafter continues so to be capable.

8 Domicile to continue

The domicile a person has immediately before becoming capable of having an independent domicile continues until he acquires a new domicile in accordance with section 9, and then ceases.

9 Acquisition of new domicile

A person acquires a new domicile in a country at a particular time if, immediately before that time,—

(a)

he is not domiciled in that country; and

(b)

he is capable of having an independent domicile; and

(c)

he is in that country; and

(d)

he intends to live indefinitely in that country.

10 Deemed intention

A person who ordinarily resides and intends to live indefinitely in a union but has not formed an intention to live indefinitely in any one country forming part of the union shall be deemed to intend to live indefinitely—

(a)

in that country forming part of the union in which he ordinarily resides; or

(b)

if he does not ordinarily reside in any such country, in whichever such country he is in; or

(c)

if he neither ordinarily resides nor is in any such country, in whichever such country he was last in.

11 Domicile of origin not to revive

A new domicile acquired in accordance with section 9 continues until a further new domicile is acquired in accordance with that section; and the rule of law known as the revival of domicile of origin whereby a person’s domicile of origin revives upon his abandoning a domicile of choice is hereby abolished.

12 Standard of proof

The standard of proof which, immediately before the commencement of this Act, was sufficient to show the abandonment of a domicile of choice and the acquisition of another domicile of choice shall be sufficient to show the acquisition of a new domicile in accordance with section 9.

13 Domicile in unions

A person domiciled in a country forming part of a union is also domiciled in that union.

14 Consequential amendments and repeals

Amendment(s) incorporated in the Act(s).

Notes
1 General

This is a consolidation of the Domicile Act 1976 that incorporates the amendments made to the legislation so that it shows the law as at its stated date.

2 Legal status

A consolidation is taken to correctly state, as at its stated date, the law enacted or made by the legislation consolidated and by the amendments. This presumption applies unless the contrary is shown.

Section 78 of the Legislation Act 2019 provides that this consolidation, published as an electronic version, is an official version. A printed version of legislation that is produced directly from this official electronic version is also an official version.

3 Editorial and format changes

The Parliamentary Counsel Office makes editorial and format changes to consolidations using the powers under subpart 2 of Part 3 of the Legislation Act 2019. See also PCO editorial conventions for consolidations.

4 Amendments incorporated in this consolidation

Secondary Legislation Act 2021 (2021 No 7): section 3

Domicile Act Commencement Order 1980 (SR 1980/242)