New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990

If you need more information about this Act, please contact the administering agency: Ministry of Justice
25 Minimum standards of criminal procedure

Everyone who is charged with an offence has, in relation to the determination of the charge, the following minimum rights:


the right to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial court:


the right to be tried without undue delay:


the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law:


the right not to be compelled to be a witness or to confess guilt:


the right to be present at the trial and to present a defence:


the right to examine the witnesses for the prosecution and to obtain the attendance and examination of witnesses for the defence under the same conditions as the prosecution:


the right, if convicted of an offence in respect of which the penalty has been varied between the commission of the offence and sentencing, to the benefit of the lesser penalty:


the right, if convicted of the offence, to appeal according to law to a higher court against the conviction or against the sentence or against both:


the right, in the case of a child, to be dealt with in a manner that takes account of the child’s age.