16A Benefit to New Zealand test
General test

(1)

The benefit to New Zealand test is met if all of the following are met:

(a)

the overseas investment will, or is likely to, benefit New Zealand (or any part of it or group of New Zealanders), as determined by the relevant Ministers under section 17; and

(b)

if the relevant land is or includes non-urban land that, in area (either alone or together with any associated land) exceeds 5 hectares, the relevant Ministers determine that that benefit will be, or is likely to be, substantial and identifiable; and

(c)

if the relevant land is or includes residential land, the relevant Ministers are satisfied that the conditions that the relevant Ministers will impose on the consent in accordance with section 16B will be, or are likely to be, met.

(2)

Subsection (3) applies if the relevant Ministers are satisfied—

(a)

that the relevant land will be, or is likely to be, used exclusively, or nearly exclusively, for forestry activities; and

(b)

that—

(i)

the relevant land is not residential land only; and

(ii)

if the relevant land includes any residential land, the residential land adjoins other land that is included in the relevant land but is not residential land; and

(c)

that the relevant land will not be, or is not likely to be, used, or held for future use, for any residential purposes, except where—

(i)

accommodation is being provided for the purpose only of supporting forestry activities being carried out on the relevant land; and

(ii)

all buildings being used for that accommodation are located on land on which some or all of those forestry activities are being carried out or on land that adjoins land on which some or all of those forestry activities are being carried out; and

(d)

that, whenever a crop of trees is harvested on the relevant land, a new crop will be, or is likely to be, established on the relevant land to replace the crop that is harvested (subject to subsection (7)).

(3)

For the purposes of subsection (1)(a) and (b), the relevant Ministers may assess the benefit to New Zealand (or any part of it or group of New Zealanders) by comparing the expected result of the overseas investment with what is expected to happen in relation to the relevant land if—

(a)

the overseas investment is not given effect to; and

(b)

there were to be no future changes to the ownership or control (direct or indirect) of—

(i)

interests in the relevant land; or

(ii)

rights or interests in securities of persons who own or control (directly or indirectly) interests in the relevant land.

Special test relating to forestry activities

(4)

Regulations may provide that the benefit to New Zealand test is also met if the relevant Ministers are satisfied—

(a)

that the relevant land will be, or is likely to be, used exclusively, or nearly exclusively, for forestry activities; and

(b)

that—

(i)

the relevant land is not residential land only; and

(ii)

if the relevant land includes any residential land, the residential land adjoins other land that is included in the relevant land but is not residential land; and

(c)

that the relevant land will not be, or is not likely to be, used, or held for future use, for any residential purposes, except where—

(i)

accommodation is being provided for the purpose only of supporting forestry activities being carried out on the relevant land; and

(ii)

all buildings being used for that accommodation are located on land on which some or all of those forestry activities are being carried out or on land that adjoins land on which some or all of those forestry activities are being carried out; and

(d)

that any requirements set out in regulations in accordance with subsection (5) will be, or are likely to be, met (subject to subsection (8)); and

(e)

that, whenever a crop of trees is harvested on the relevant land, a new crop will be, or is likely to be, established on the relevant land to replace the crop that is harvested (subject to subsection (7)); and

(f)

if the relevant land is or includes special land and regulations require the special land, or any part of it, to be offered to the Crown, that the special land, or the part of it, has been offered to the Crown in accordance with regulations; and

(g)

that any other requirements set out in regulations are met.

(5)

Regulations may, for the purposes of subsection (4)(d), set out requirements that must be met after the overseas investment is given effect to.

(6)

Requirements set out in regulations for the purposes of subsection (4)(d) may (without limitation) be about 1 or more of the following:

(a)

activities that must, or must not, be carried out on the relevant land:

(b)

the maintenance or protection of things that exist when or before the overseas investment transaction is entered into (including (without limitation) the maintenance of existing arrangements relating to historic heritage, biodiversity, environmental matters, public access, or the supply of logs):

(c)

outcomes that must result from the overseas investment.

Powers not to apply, or to modify, certain requirements

(7)

The relevant Ministers may decide—

(a)

not to apply the requirement set out in subsection (2)(d) or (4)(e) if satisfied that the relevant overseas person (together with the relevant overseas person’s associates) will not have sufficient ownership or control (direct or indirect) of rights in respect of the relevant land to ensure that the requirement will be met:

(b)

to modify the requirement set out in subsection (2)(d) or (4)(e) by not applying the requirement for a part of the relevant land if satisfied that the relevant overseas person (together with the relevant overseas person’s associates) will not have sufficient ownership or control (direct or indirect) of rights in respect of that part of the relevant land to ensure that the requirement will be met for that part of the relevant land.

(8)

The relevant Ministers may decide not to apply, or may modify, any requirement set out in regulations for the purposes of subsection (4)(d) if satisfied that the relevant overseas person (together with the relevant overseas person’s associates) will not have sufficient ownership or control (direct or indirect) of rights in respect of the relevant land to ensure that the requirement will be met.

Definitions

(9)

In this section,—

adjoins includes separated only by a public road (including a motorway or a State highway, and whether or not the road is formed)

forestry activities means any of the following:

(a)

maintaining a crop of trees:

(b)

harvesting a crop of trees:

(c)

establishing a crop of trees

special land means marine and coastal area or a bed of a river or lake.

Section 16A: inserted, on 22 October 2018, by section 13 of the Overseas Investment Amendment Act 2018 (2018 No 25).

Section 16A(9) special land: amended, on 16 June 2020, by section 13 of the Overseas Investment (Urgent Measures) Amendment Act 2020 (2020 No 21).