Biosecurity (Notifiable Organisms) Order 2006

  • revoked
  • Biosecurity (Notifiable Organisms) Order 2006: revoked, on 23 September 2010, by clause 4 of the Biosecurity (Notifiable Organisms) Order 2010 (SR 2010/265).

as at 23 September 2010


Biosecurity (Notifiable Organisms) Order 2006

(SR 2006/320)

Anand Satyanand, Governor-General

Order in Council

At Wellington this 16th day of October 2006

His Excellency the Governor-General in Council

  • Biosecurity (Notifiable Organisms) Order 2006: revoked, on 23 September 2010, by clause 4 of the Biosecurity (Notifiable Organisms) Order 2010 (SR 2010/265).


Changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in this reprint.

A general outline of these changes is set out in the notes at the end of this reprint, together with other explanatory material about this reprint.

This order is administered by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

Pursuant to section 45(2) of the Biosecurity Act 1993, His Excellency the Governor-General, acting on the advice and with the consent of the Executive Council, makes the following order.


1 Title
  • This order is the Biosecurity (Notifiable Organisms) Order 2006.

2 Commencement
  • This order comes into force on the 28th day after the date of its notification in the Gazette.

3 Notifiable organisms
  • The organisms specified in the Schedule are declared to be notifiable organisms.

4 Revocation
  • The Biosecurity (Notifiable Organisms) Order 2002 (SR 2002/92) is revoked.

Notifiable organisms

cl 3

Invasive plants

Scientific nameCommon name
Bryonia creticaWhite bryony
Caesalpinia decapetalaMysore thorn
Cardiospermum halicacabum, C. grandiflorumSmall balloon vine; balloon vine
Ehrharta villosaPyp grass
Eichhornia crassipesWater hyacinth
Homeria collinaCape tulip
Houttuynia cordataChameleon plant
Hydrilla verticillataHydrilla
Ludwigia peruvianaWater primrose
Menyanthes trifoliataBogbean
Myrica fayaFire tree; candle-berry myrtle
Myriophyllum spicatumEurasian watermilfoil
Najas guadalupensisSouthern naiad
Najas marinaSawtooth
Nuphar luteaYellow waterlily
Pistia stratiotesWater lettuce
Potamogeton perfoliatusClasped pondweed
Sagittaria montevidensisArrowhead
Sagittaria sagittifolia 
Salvinia molestaSalvinia; kariba weed
Sorghum halepenseJohnson grass
Sparganium erectumBur reed
Stratiotes aloidesWater soldier
Trapa natansWater chestnut
Typha domingensis 
Typha latifoliaGreat reedmace
Vallisneria giganteaEelgrass

Organisms affecting crustacea

Scientific nameCommon name
Aphanomyces astaciCrayfish plague

Organisms affecting honey bees

Scientific nameCommon name
Acarapis woodiTracheal mite
Aethina tumidaSmall hive beetle
Apis mellifera capensisCape bee
Apis mellifera scutellata and its hybridsAfricanised honey bee
Euvarroa sinhaiVarroa
Melissococcus plutonEuropean foulbrood
Tropilaelaps clareaeTropilaelaps
Tropilaelaps koenigerumTropilaelaps
Varroa destructor (formerly known as Varroa jacobsoni)Varroa
Varroa underwoodiVarroa

Organisms affecting marine or freshwater environment

Scientific nameCommon name
Asterias amurensisNorthern Pacific seastar
Carcinus maenasEuropean shore crab; green crab
Caulerpa taxifoliaA green seaweed
Eriocheir sinensisChinese mitten crab
Potamocorbula amurensisAsian clam
Sabella spallanzaniiMediterranean fanworm

Organisms affecting molluscs

Scientific nameCommon name
Bonamia ostreaeBonamiosis
Marteilia mauriniMarteiliosis
Marteilia refringensMarteiliosis
Marteilia sydneyiMarteiliosis
Mikrocytos mackiniMikrocytosis
Mikrocytos roughleyiMikrocytosis
Perkinsus marinusPerkinsosis
Perkinsus olseniPerkinsosis

Organisms affecting multiple species

Scientific nameCommon name
Amblyomma spp.An animal tick
Anaplasma spp.Anaplasmosis
Aujeszky’s disease virusAujeszky’s disease
Babesia spp.Babesiosis
Bacillus anthracisAnthrax
Bluetongue virusBluetongue
Boophilus spp.An animal tick
Chrysomyia spp.A screw-worm
Cochliomyia spp.A screw-worm
Cowdria ruminantiumHeartwater
Coxiella burnetiiQ fever
Dermacentor spp.An animal tick
Echinococcus spp.Hydatids
Foot-and-mouth disease virusFoot-and-mouth disease
Ixodes spp.An animal tick
Leishmania spp.Leishmaniosis
Rabies virusRabies
Rhipicephalus spp.An animal tick
Rift Valley fever virusRift Valley fever
Salmonellae (exotic serovars and phage types)Salmonellosis
Theileria spp. (pathogenic species)Theileriosis
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy agentsScrapie; bovine spongiform encephalopathy; chronic wasting disease; feline spongiform encephalopathy
Trypanosoma spp.Trypanosomosis
Vesicular stomatitis virusVesicular stomatitis
West Nile virus 

Organisms primarily affecting birds

Scientific nameCommon name
Anatid herpesvirus 1Duck virus enteritis; duck plague
Avian paramyxovirus 1 (exotic strains)Newcastle disease
Duck hepatitis virusDuck virus hepatitis
Infectious bursal disease virusInfectious bursal disease
Influenza A virus of H5 or H7 subtypeBird flu or highly pathogenic notifiable avian influenza

Organisms primarily affecting cattle

Scientific nameCommon name
Bovine herpes virus type 1 (arbortifacient strain) (1)Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis abortion
Brucella abortusBovine brucellosis
Cysticercus bovisBovine cysticercosis
Lumpy skin disease virusLumpy skin disease
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SCContagious bovine pleuropneumonia
Pasteurella multocida B:2 and E:2Haemorrhagic septicaemia
Rinderpest virusRinderpest

Organisms primarily affecting dogs

Scientific nameCommon name
Brucella canisCanine brucellosis
Dirofilaria immitisHeartworm

Organisms primarily affecting fish

Scientific nameCommon name
Aeromonas salmonicidaFurunculosis
Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusEpizootic haematopoietic necrosis
Infectious haematopoietic necrosis virusInfectious haematopoietic necrosis
Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (exotic strains)Infectious pancreatic necrosis
Myxobolus cerebralisWhirling disease
Oncorhynchus masou virusOncorhynchus masou virus disease
Renibacterium salmoninarumBacterial kidney disease
Spring viraemia of carp virusSpring viraemia of carp
Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virusViral haemorrhagic septicaemia
Yersinia ruckeri (exotic strains)Enteric redmouth

Organisms primarily affecting forestry

Scientific nameCommon name
Anoplophora glabripennisAsian longhorn beetle
Buprestis aurulentaGolden buprestid
Bursaphelenchus xylophilusPinewood nematode
Coptotermes acinaciformisAustralian subterranean termite
Cryptotermes brevisWest Indian drywood termite
Dendroctonus valensRed turpentine beetle
Endocronartium harknessiiWestern gall rust
Fusarium circinatumPitch canker
Gremmeniella abientinaScleroderris canker
Heterobasidion annosumAnnosus root rot
Hylobius abietisPine root weevil
Hyphantria cuneaFall webworm
Leptographium wageneriiBlack stain root disease
Lymantria disparGypsy moth
Lymantria monachaNun moth
Melanophila californicaFlat headed borer
Monochamus alternatesJapanese pine sawyer beetle
Monochamus carolinensisPine sawyer beetle
Monochamus galloprovincialisPine sawyer beetle
Monochamus marmoratorBalsam fir sawyer beetle
Monochamus mutatorSawyer beetle
Monochamus nitensSawyer beetle
Monochamus obtususObtuse sawyer beetle
Monochamus saltuariusJapanese pine sawyer beetle
Monochamus scutellatusWhitespotted sawyer beetle
Monochamus titillatorSawyer beetle
Neodiprion leconteiRedheaded pine sawfly
Ophiostoma novo-ulmiDutch elm disease
Orgyia thyellinaWhite spotted tussock moth
Orthotomicus erosusEuropean bark beetle
Phytophthora lateralisBrown rot
Phytophthora ramorumSudden oak death
Pissodes nemorensisNorthern pine weevil
Puccinia psidiiEucalyptus rust
Rhyacionia buolianaEuropean pine shoot moth
Teia anartoidesPainted apple moth
Thaumetopoea pityocampaPine processionary caterpillar
Tomicus piniperdaPine shoot beetle
Uraba lugensGumleaf skeletoniser

Organisms primarily affecting horses

Scientific nameCommon name
African horse sickness virusAfrican horse sickness
Burkholderia [=Pseudomonas] malleiGlanders
Equine arteritis virusEquine viral arteritis
Equine encephalitis virusesEastern equine encephalitis; western equine encephalitis; Venezuelan equine encephalitis; Japanese encephalitis
Equine infectious anaemia virusEquine infectious anaemia
Hendra virus 
Histoplasma capsulatum var. farciminosumEpizootic lymphangitis
Taylorella equigenitalisContagious equine metritis

Organisms primarily affecting horticulture

Scientific nameCommon name
Anastrepha fraterculusSouth American fruit fly
Anastrepha ludensMexican fruit fly
Anastrepha obliquaWest Indian fruit fly
Anastrepha serpentinaSapote fruit fly
Anastrepha striataGuava fruit fly
Anastrepha suspensaCaribbean fruit fly
Bactrocera aquilonisA fruit fly
Bactrocera carambolae (formerly B. sp. near B. dorsalis (Taxon A))Carambola fruit fly
Bactrocera cucumisCucumber fly
Bactrocera cucurbitaeMelon fly
Bactrocera curvipennisBanana fruit fly
Bactrocera dorsalisOriental fruit fly
Bactrocera facialisA fruit fly
Bactrocera frauenfeldiMango fruit fly
Bactrocera jarvisiJarvis’ fruit fly
Bactrocera kirkiA fruit fly
Bactrocera latifronsSolanum fruit fly
Bactrocera melanotusA fruit fly
Bactrocera neohumeralisLesser Queensland fruit fly
Bactrocera papayae (formerly B. sp. near B. dorsalis (Taxon B))Papaya fruit fly
Bactrocera passifloraeFijian fruit fly
Bactrocera philippinensis (formerly B. sp. near B. dorsalis (Taxon C))A fruit fly
Bactrocera psidiiSouth sea guava fruit fly
Bactrocera trilineolaA fruit fly
Bactrocera trivialisA fruit fly
Bactrocera tryoniQueensland fruit fly
Bactrocera xanthodesPacific fruit fly
Bactrocera zonataPeach fruit fly
Ceratitis capitataMediterranean fruit fly
Ceratitis rosaNatal fruit fly
Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicusBacterial ring rot of potato
Conotrachelus nenupharPlum curculio
Grapevine bios noir phytoplasma 
Grapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma 
Gymnosporangium asiaticumJapanese pear rust
Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianaeCedar pear rust
Helicobasidium mompaViolet root rot
Homalodisca coagulataGlassy-winged sharpshooter
Hyalesthes obsoletusA leaf hopper
Leptinotarsa decimlineataColorado potato beetle
Monilinia fructigenaApple brown rot
Pepino mosaic virusPepMV
Plum pox potyvirusPlum pox
Potato mop-top virusPMTV
Rhagoletis pomonellaApple maggot
Scaphoideus titanusA leaf hopper
Synchytrium endobioticumPotato wart
Tilletia controversaDwarf bunt
Tilletia indicaKarnal bunt
Trogoderma granariumKhapra beetle
Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (synonym X. campestris pv. citri)Citrus canker
Xanthomonas fragariaeAngular leaf spot of strawberry
Xylella fastidiosaPierce’s disease

Organisms primarily affecting human health

Scientific nameCommon name
Aedes aegyptiYellow fever or dengue mosquito
Aedes albopictusAsian tiger mosquito
Aedes polynesiensisPolynesian mosquito
Aedes scutellaris 
Anopheles spp.Malarial mosquitoes
Culex annulirostrisCommon banded mosquito
Culex gelidusFrosty mosquito
Culex pipiens pallensCommon house mosquito
Culex sitiens 
Ochlerotatus atropalpusRockpool mosquito
Ochlerotatus camptorhynchusSouthern saltmarsh mosquito
Ochlerostatus japonicusJapanese rockpool mosquito
Ochlerostatus sierrensisWestern tree hole mosquito
Ochlerotatus vigilaxSaltmarsh mosquito

Organisms primarily affecting native ecosystems

Scientific nameCommon name
Anoplolepis gracilipesYellow crazy ant
Paratrechina longicornisCrazy ant

Organisms primarily affecting pigs

Scientific nameCommon name
African swine fever virusAfrican swine fever
Brucella suisPorcine brucellosis
Cysticercus cellulosaePorcine cysticercosis
Enterovirus encephalomyelitis virusEnterovirus encephalomyelitis
Hog cholera virusClassical swine fever
Nipah virus 
Pasteurella multocida (toxigenic strains)Atrophic rhinitis
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virusPorcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome
Swine vesicular disease virusSwine vesicular disease
Transmissible gastroenteritis virusTransmissible gastroenteritis
Trichinella spiralisTrichinellosis

Organisms primarily affecting sheep and goats

Scientific nameCommon name
Brucella melitensisBrucellosis
Chlamydophila abortus [=Chlamydia psittaci (ovine abortion strain)]Enzootic abortion of ewes
Maedi-visna virusMaedi or visna
Mycoplasma agalactiaeContagious agalactia
Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeContagious caprine pleuropneumonia
Nairobi sheep disease virusNairobi sheep disease
Peste des petits ruminants virusPeste des petits ruminants
Psoroptes ovisSheep scab
Pulmonary adenomatosis virusPulmonary adenomatosis
Sheep pox and goat pox virusesSheep and goat pox

Other organisms

Scientific nameCommon name
Cherax quadricarinatusRed claw
Cherax tenuimanusA marron
Chilocorus kuwanaeA ladybird
Gonioctena olivaceaA beetle
Haliotis rufescensRed paua
Ictalurus punctatusChannel catfish
Myxoma virusMyxomatosis
Onthophagus binodisA dung beetle
Penaeus orientalis (P. chinensis)Chinese prawn
Solenopsis invictaRed imported fire ant
Spilopsyllus cuniculiEuropean rabbit flea

Diane Morcom,
Clerk of the Executive Council.

Issued under the authority of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989.

Date of notification in Gazette: 19 October 2006.


  • 1General

  • 2Status of reprints

  • 3How reprints are prepared

  • 4Changes made under section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989

  • 5List of amendments incorporated in this reprint (most recent first)

1 General
  • This is a reprint of the Biosecurity (Notifiable Organisms) Order 2006. The reprint incorporates all the amendments to the order as at 23 September 2010, as specified in the list of amendments at the end of these notes.

    Relevant provisions of any amending enactments that contain transitional, savings, or application provisions that cannot be compiled in the reprint are also included, after the principal enactment, in chronological order. For more information, see .

2 Status of reprints
  • Under section 16D of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989, reprints are presumed to correctly state, as at the date of the reprint, the law enacted by the principal enactment and by the amendments to that enactment. This presumption applies even though editorial changes authorised by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 have been made in the reprint.

    This presumption may be rebutted by producing the official volumes of statutes or statutory regulations in which the principal enactment and its amendments are contained.

3 How reprints are prepared
  • A number of editorial conventions are followed in the preparation of reprints. For example, the enacting words are not included in Acts, and provisions that are repealed or revoked are omitted. For a detailed list of the editorial conventions, see or Part 8 of the Tables of New Zealand Acts and Ordinances and Statutory Regulations and Deemed Regulations in Force.

4 Changes made under section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989
  • Section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 authorises the making of editorial changes in a reprint as set out in sections 17D and 17E of that Act so that, to the extent permitted, the format and style of the reprinted enactment is consistent with current legislative drafting practice. Changes that would alter the effect of the legislation are not permitted.

    A new format of legislation was introduced on 1 January 2000. Changes to legislative drafting style have also been made since 1997, and are ongoing. To the extent permitted by section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989, all legislation reprinted after 1 January 2000 is in the new format for legislation and reflects current drafting practice at the time of the reprint.

    In outline, the editorial changes made in reprints under the authority of section 17C of the Acts and Regulations Publication Act 1989 are set out below, and they have been applied, where relevant, in the preparation of this reprint:

    • omission of unnecessary referential words (such as of this section and of this Act)

    • typeface and type size (Times Roman, generally in 11.5 point)

    • layout of provisions, including:

      • indentation

      • position of section headings (eg, the number and heading now appear above the section)

    • format of definitions (eg, the defined term now appears in bold type, without quotation marks)

    • format of dates (eg, a date formerly expressed as the 1st day of January 1999 is now expressed as 1 January 1999)

    • position of the date of assent (it now appears on the front page of each Act)

    • punctuation (eg, colons are not used after definitions)

    • Parts numbered with roman numerals are replaced with arabic numerals, and all cross-references are changed accordingly

    • case and appearance of letters and words, including:

      • format of headings (eg, headings where each word formerly appeared with an initial capital letter followed by small capital letters are amended so that the heading appears in bold, with only the first word (and any proper nouns) appearing with an initial capital letter)

      • small capital letters in section and subsection references are now capital letters

    • schedules are renumbered (eg, Schedule 1 replaces First Schedule), and all cross-references are changed accordingly

    • running heads (the information that appears at the top of each page)

    • format of two-column schedules of consequential amendments, and schedules of repeals (eg, they are rearranged into alphabetical order, rather than chronological).

5 List of amendments incorporated in this reprint (most recent first)
  • Biosecurity (Notifiable Organisms) Order 2010 (SR 2010/265): clause 4