Lawyers and Conveyancers Act (Lawyers: Conduct and Client Care) Rules 2008

Reputation of other parties


A lawyer engaged in litigation must not attack a person’s reputation without good cause in court or in documents filed in court proceedings.


A lawyer must not be a party to the filing of any document in court alleging fraud, dishonesty, undue influence, duress, or other reprehensible conduct, unless the lawyer has taken appropriate steps to ensure that reasonable grounds for making the allegation exist.20


Allegations should not be made against persons not involved in the proceeding unless they are necessary to the conduct of the litigation and reasonable steps are taken to ensure the accuracy of the allegations and, where appropriate, the protection of the privacy of those persons.

20 See further Gazley v Wellington District Law Society [1976] 1 NZLR 452 and Medcalf v Mardell [2003] 1 AC 120, [2002] 3 WLR 172, [2002] 3 All ER 721.