Rules for Cadastral Survey 2010

  • revoked
  • Rules for Cadastral Survey 2010: revoked, on 30 August 2021, by rule 122 of the Cadastral Survey Rules 2021 (LI 2021/95).
2 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of these Rules, the following terms and definitions apply.

acceptin relation to a boundary, means to adopt a boundary and boundary points and not have to comply with an accuracy standard. ‘Acceptance’ and ‘accepted’ have corresponding meanings.
adoptto incorporate in a CSD information from a prior CSD that has already been integrated into the cadastre or, in the absence of suitable CSD information, from an estate record held by the tenure system manager. ‘Adoption’ and ‘adopted’ have corresponding meanings.
approved CSDa CSD which has been approved as being in terms of cadastral survey rules or regulations, and excludes those lodged only for recording purposes
arc boundarya boundary that follows part of the circumference of a circle
balance non-primary parcelthe portion of an easement or covenant parcel that is intended to remain after a part has been surrendered
balance parcelthe portion of one of the following primary parcels that is intended to remain after a part has been removed by survey:
(a)

a railway parcel that is not in a computer freehold register, or

(b)

a road parcel, or

(c)

a fixed marginal strip parcel, or

(d)

the bed of a lake, river, stream, or the sea

block shiftdeep-seated movement that has consistent horizontal and/or vertical translation and rotation in a manner that maintains shape but not necessarily position or orientation
boundary marka cadastral survey mark positioned at a boundary point
boundary pointa uniquely identified point on a parcel boundary, whether marked or unmarked
boundary reinstatement surveya survey that places one or more boundary marks on a boundary point or line already defined in an approved CSD, where:
(a)

the end points for that boundary are not required by rules 6.2(a)(vi) or (vii) to be defined by survey, and

(b)

the survey does not create a new parcel

cadastral survey datasetas defined in s 4 of the Cadastral Survey Act 2002
cadastral survey network marka survey mark of a class specified by the Surveyor-General as suitable for the connection of a cadastral survey to the national survey control network
cadastreas defined in s 4 of the Cadastral Survey Act 2002
centreline easementan easement which is spatially represented by one or more lines along its centre
Chief Executiveas defined in s 4 of the Cadastral Survey Act 2002
common marine and coastal areaas defined in s 9 of the Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011
company leaseas defined in s 2 of the Resource Management Act 1991
conflicta difference that exceeds the applicable accuracy standards:
(a)

between the estate boundary and the boundary recorded in a CSD integrated into the cadastre, or

(b)

between the same boundary as recorded in different CSDs integrated into the cadastre, or

(c)

between the same boundary as recorded in a CSD integrated into the cadastre and other evidence including field evidence

(d)

and which has not been resolved by one or more CSDs already integrated into the cadastre

cross leaseas defined in s 2 of the Resource Management Act 1991
CSDcadastral survey dataset
CSD Plana plan as specified in rule 9 or rule 11
deep-seated movementground movement caused by the deformation of bedrock which may be sudden, or slow and imperceptible, and excludes shallow movement that is limited to surface layers (eg, flow caused by liquefaction of soils, slumping, or landslip)
defined by adoptionan existing boundary or boundary point that is not defined by survey or accepted
defined by surveya boundary defined in terms of rule 6.1
disturbedin relation to an old survey mark, means that the mark is in a position different from that originally placed and does not include a change of position due to deep-seated movement
esplanade stripas defined in s 2 of the Resource Management Act 1991
estate boundarythe boundary of an estate recorded in a tenure system for:
(a)

a fee simple estate, or

(b)

Māori freehold land, or

(c)

Māori customary land, or

(d)

land of the Crown, or

(e)

a stratum estate, or

(f)

a leasehold estate

extensive rural boundary pointa class B boundary point in a rural area where each new primary parcel that includes that point has an area of more than 500 ha or is intended to be in a title with a total area of more than 500 ha
extinguishedin relation to an existing parcel means no longer available for the assignment of rights
fixed marginal stripa marginal strip under s 24(3) of the Conservation Act 1987
ground movementmeans both deep-seated movement and/or shallow surface movement resulting from a natural event including landslip, earthquake, slumping, or surface flow
Hawke’s Bay interim titlea certificate of title issued under s 6 or s 8 of the Land Transfer (Hawke’s Bay) Act 1931
higher classa class of accuracy which has more precise tolerances than another; for example, class A is higher than class B, which is higher than class C
irregular boundarya boundary that is depicted as an irregular line but is not a water boundary
irregular linea line consisting of a series of connected vertices that are usually irregularly spaced and not on a single alignment
lower classa class of accuracy which has less precise tolerances than another; for example, class C is lower than class B, which is lower than class A
Māori customary landas defined in s 4 of the Te Ture Whenua Māori Act 1993
Māori freehold landas defined in s 4 of the Te Ture Whenua Māori Act 1993
marginal stripas defined in s 2 of the Conservation Act 1987
monumentation CSDa CSD for a boundary reinstatement survey that is in accordance with rule 11
movable marginal stripa marginal strip as defined in s 2 of the Conservation Act 1987 except those created under s 24(3) of that Act
non-boundary marka survey mark which is not on a boundary point
non-primary parcelany parcel that is not a primary parcel and includes the following examples:
(a)

an easement, including an esplanade strip or an access strip,

(b)

a covenant,

(c)

a lease or an area associated with a lease,

(d)

a licence or a permit area,

(e)

a unit or common property for the purposes of the Unit Titles Act 2010,

(f)

a movable marginal strip, and

(g)

a roadway or a restricted roadway that is an encumbrance over a primary parcel

occupationthe physical features that describe the extent of an occupier’s use of land
official geodetic datuma geodetic datum approved by the Surveyor-General and in force at the time of survey
official geodetic projectiona projection in terms of an official geodetic datum approved by the Surveyor-General for use in a specific area and in force at the time of survey
official vertical datuma vertical datum approved by the Surveyor-General and in force at the time of survey
old boundary marka boundary mark that is an old survey mark
old survey marka survey mark measured to on the survey which is from the national survey control system or from a CSD that has already been integrated into the cadastre
parcel an area or space that is a single contiguous portion of land separately identified in a CSD or in the integrated cadastre
parcel intenta description of a right or interest intended to be assigned to a parcel
permanent structurea building or recognisable physical structure that is likely to remain undisturbed for 50 years or more
permanent structure boundarya boundary related to a permanent structure in accordance with rule 6.9
primary parcelany parcel that is intended to be:
(a)

owned by the Crown, with the exception of a movable marginal strip parcel,

(b)

held in fee simple,

(c)

Māori freehold land or Māori customary land,

(d)

part of the common marine and coastal area,

(e)

the bed of a lake or river,

(f)

road or railway, or

(g)

vested in a local authority

PRMa permanent reference mark in accordance with rule 7.4
reduced levela height in terms of a vertical datum
reinstatedmeans a new survey mark has been placed in the position of a previous survey mark that has not been found
renewedmeans a new survey mark has been placed in the same position as an old survey mark that has been found
residue parcelthe residual portion of a primary parcel:
(a)

which remains as a result of a survey:

(i)

for removal of limitations as to parcels, or

(ii)

for an adverse possession claim, or

(iii)

to change the registration of land from the Deeds Registration Act 1908 to the Land Transfer Act 1952,

(b)

or which is:

(i)

being defined as part of the bed of a lake, river, or common marine and coastal area, and

(ii)

not currently recorded in the cadastre as the bed of a lake, river, or part of the common marine and coastal area, and

(iii)

not intended to vest, and

(iv)

not intended to have a new estate record.

right-line boundarya boundary that follows the shortest distance between two boundary points
RulesRules for Cadastral Survey 2010
stratum boundarya boundary, not being a permanent structure boundary, that defines the upper or lower extent of a parcel
survey markas defined in s 4 of the Cadastral Survey Act 2002
Title Plana plan as specified in rule 10
underlying parcelthe parcel, whether primary or non-primary, whose interests are or will be directly affected or encumbered by a non-primary parcel
vectora bearing and distance between two points
vertical control marka survey mark in the national survey control system and being a class of mark specified by the Surveyor-General as suitable for the vertical control of cadastral surveys
water boundarya boundary set at the landward margin of:
(a)

a river bed or a stream bed,

(b)

a lake bed, or

(c)

the common marine and coastal area or other tidal area,

and includes a natural boundary where this term is used in enactments to refer to a boundary at a water margin

Rule 2 accept: amended, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.

Rule 2 block shift: inserted, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.

Rule 2 boundary reinstatement survey: amended, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.

Rule 2 common marine and coastal area: inserted, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.

Rule 2 company lease: inserted, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.

Rule 2 cross lease: inserted, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.

Rule 2 deep-seated movement: inserted, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.

Rule 2 disturbed: amended, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.

Rule 2 extinguished: amended, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.

Rule 2 ground movement: inserted, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.

Rule 2 irregular boundary: amended, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.

Rule 2 non-primary parcel: amended, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.

Rule 2 primary parcel: amended, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.

Rule 2 residue parcel: amended, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.

Rule 2 water boundary: amended, on 1 January 2013, by notice published in the Gazette on 1 November 2012, 2012–go6961.