Part 1
Preliminary provisions

3 Purpose of this Act
  • (1) The purpose of this Act is to—

    • (a) promote children’s welfare and best interests, and facilitate their development, by helping to ensure that appropriate arrangements are in place for their guardianship and care; and

    • (b) recognise certain rights of children.

    (2) To that end, this Act—

    • (a) defines and regulates—

      • (i) parents’ duties, powers, rights, and responsibilities as guardians of their children:

      • (ii) parents’ powers to appoint guardians:

      • (iii) courts’ powers in relation to the guardianship and care of children:

    • (b) acknowledges the role that other family members may have in the care of children:

    • (c) respects children’s views and, in certain cases, recognises their consents (or refusals to consent) to medical procedures:

    • (d) encourages agreed arrangements for, and provides for the resolution of disputes about, the care of children:

    • (e) makes provision for enforcing orders internationally:

    • (f) implements in New Zealand law the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction:

    • (g) reforms and replaces the Guardianship Act 1968 (including the Guardianship Amendment Act 1991).